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1.
Natl J Maxillofac Surg ; 10(2): 182-190, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31798253

RESUMO

Aim: The present study focuses on the prevalence of tobacco use and aims to determine various sociocultural aspects of tobacco use in Indian population. Materials and Methods: The study sample comprised 384 participants. There were three study groups, and in each study group, there were 128 participants. Group A was tobacco users without oral precancer, Group B was tobacco users with oral precancer, and Group C was healthy individuals with no history of tobacco or areca nut use and oral precancer. Both male and female adults in the age group of 18 years and above visiting the Outpatient Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at King George's Medical University were recruited for the study. The study participants were explained in detail about the study, and informed consent was obtained through them. Data have been collected using a standard structured predesigned questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of the details of the demographic profile of the study participants, details of tobacco use, and the major social and cultural reasons which motivated them to consume tobacco. Data were extracted from the case sheet, and the data were entered into a worksheet for the purpose of analysis. The analysis was performed using the commercially available Statistical Package SPSS. Conclusion: The rate of tobacco prevalence is very high among the Indian population, and a number of social and cultural factors are responsible for its use. To curb this problem, more studies could be done to find the causes responsible for its use.

2.
Metab Brain Dis ; 2019 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31834548

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder characterized by loss of dopaminergic neurons in substantia nigra region and the presence of α-synuclein aggregates in the striatum and surrounding areas of brain. Evidences suggest that neuroinflammation plays a role in the progression of PD. We examined the neuro-protective effects of Bacopa monnieri (BM) in regulating neuroinflammation. Administration of BM suppressed the level of pro-inflammatory cytokines, decreased the levels of α-synuclein, and reduced reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in PD animal model. Pre-treatment of BM showed more prominent results as compare to co- and post-treatment. Results suggest that Bacopa can limit inflammation in the different areas of brain, thus, offers a promising source of novel therapeutics for the treatment of many CNS disorders.

3.
J Clin Orthop Trauma ; 10(Suppl 1): S37-S46, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695258

RESUMO

Background: Currently, the clinico-radiological method was used to analyze the healing progression of fractures globally, but even they are also unable to presume the impaired healing early. Hence till date, no reliable methods are available to predict the impaired healing early, so that it could be interventionally managed as required within the time. Methods: In this prospective observational study, a total of 121 adults fractured patients and 108 healthy controls were analyzed. Peripheral blood samples were taken from controls (at once) and fractured cases (at different follow-ups) to quantify the Osteocalcin and Osteopontin mRNA and protein expression using qRT-PCR and western blotting assay respectively. In parallel to that the clinico-radiological follow-up examinations also done at various specific follow-up intervals up to 24th post-fracture weeks. Results: As per the clinico-radiological status at the 24th week, fracture patients were divided into normal healing (n = 102) and impaired healing (n = 19) groups. Mean RUST score between normal healing and the impaired healing group showed a significant statistical difference at each follow-up. In both groups, expressions of Osteocalcin (mRNA & protein) were gradually up-regulated from the baseline to end of follow-ups, whereas Osteopontin mRNA as well as protein gradually up-regulated from the baseline to a peak value at 10th day, then declined. In general, the Osteocalcin and Osteopontin mean fold expressions were higher in normal healing as compared to the impaired healing groups.A significant correlation was found between the mRNA expressions of Osteocalcin and Osteopontin with the RUST score at most of the follow-ups. However, the protein expressions were not shown any significant correlation. Conclusions: The Osteocalcin and Osteopontin expression will provide an early prediction of the healing outcomes of tibial fractures. This may open a new horizon for innovations to deal with complications associated with impaired fracture healing, especially in tibial bone fractures.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31700679

RESUMO

Background: Vitamin D is a multi-functional fat-soluble metabolite essential for a vast number of physiological processes. Non-classical functions are gaining attention because of the close association of vitamin D deficiency with diabetes, and its complications. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the role of vitamin D as a biomarker for proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Methods: A tertiary care center based cross-sectional study was undertaken. Seventy-two consecutive cases of type 2 diabetes mellitus were included. Diagnosis of diabetes mellitus was made using American Diabetes Association guidelines. Study subjects included: diabetes mellitus with no retinopathy (No DR) (n = 24); non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (n = 24); and proliferative diabetic retinopathy (n = 24) and healthy controls (n = 24). All of the study subjects underwent complete ophthalmological evaluation. Best Corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA) was measured on the logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) scale. Serum 25-OH Vitamin D assay was done using chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay technology. Diagnostic accuracy of vitamin D was assessed using receiver operating characteristics curve analysis and area under curve (AUC) was determined for the first time. Results: ANOVA revealed a significant decrease in serum vitamin D levels with severity of diabetic retinopathy (F = 8.95, p < 0.001). LogMAR BCVA was found to increase significantly with the severity of DR (F = 112.64, p < 0.001). On AUC analysis, a cut off value of 18.6 ng/mL for Vitamin D was found to be significantly associated with proliferative diabetic retinopathy [sensitivity = 86.36% (95% CI 65.1-96.9); specificity = 81.82% (95% CI 59.7-94.7); AUC = 0.91 (excellent); and Z value = 8.17]. Conclusions: Serum vitamin D levels of ≤ 18.6 ng/mL serve as sensitive and specific indicator for proliferative disease, among patients of DR.

5.
Indian J Clin Biochem ; 34(4): 371-378, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686724

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd), poisoning has been reported from all around the World, causing many deaths annually. Cd is a toxic heavy metal, and is widely present in environment. It has been reported that chronic Cd exposure is associated with kidney disease, osteoporosis, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Smoking causes exposure to significantly higher Cd levels in humans. Tobacco smoke transports Cd into the lungs. Blood then transport it to the rest of the body where it increases effects by potentiating Cd that is already present from Cd-rich food. Other high exposures of Cd can occur with people, who live near hazardous waste sites, or factories that release Cd into the air and people who work in the metal refinery industry. Breathing of Cd can severely damage the lungs and may even cause death. Multiple studies have shown an association between environmental exposure to hazardous chemicals including toxic metals and obesity, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. At the same time, the existing data on the impact of Cd exposure on obesity and diabetes are contradictory. On the converse, results of epidemiologic studies linking Cd exposure and Osteoporosis, overweight or obesity are far less consistent and even conflicting, also depending on differences in exposure levels. In turn, laboratory studies demonstrated that Cd adversely affects adipose tissue physiopathology through several mechanisms, thus contributing to increased insulin resistance and enhancing diabetes. However, intimate biological mechanisms linking Cd exposure with human diseases are still to be adequately investigated. Therefore, the aim of the present review was to explore the impact of Cd exposure and status on the risk of Cd in human diseases.

7.
Indian J Clin Biochem ; 34(2): 164-171, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31092989

RESUMO

The circadian rhythm of uric acid concentration was studied under near-normal tropical conditions in 162 healthy volunteers (103 males and 59 females; 7 to 75 year). They were mostly medical students, staff members and members of their families. They were classified into 4 age groups: A (7-20 y; N = 42), B (21-40 y; N = 60), C (41-60 y; N = 35) and D (61-75 y; N = 25). They followed a diurnal activity from about 06:00 to about 22:00 and nocturnal rest. Blood samples were collected from each subject every 6 for 24 h (4 samples). Serum uric acid was measured spectrophotometrically. Data from each subject were analyzed by cosinor rhythmometry. Effects of gender, age, diet (vegetarian vs. omnivore), and smoking status on the rhythm-adjusted mean (MESOR) and circadian amplitude were examined by multiple-analysis of variance. A marked circadian variation was found in uric acid concentration in healthy Indians of all age groups. Furthermore, both the MESOR and circadian amplitude underwent changes with advancing age. In addition to effects of gender and age, diet and smoking were also found to affect the MESOR of circulating uric acid concentration in healthy Indians residing in northern India. The present observations confirmed a definite rhythm in uric acid concentrations with significant effect of gender, age, diet, and smoking status on uric acid concentration in clinical health. Mapping the circadian rhythm of serum uric acid is needed to explore their role in different pathophysiological conditions.

8.
Indian J Clin Biochem ; 34(2): 207-212, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31092995

RESUMO

The microRNA (miR)-183-5p is expressed at high level in the majority of cancer. The purpose of present study was to investigate the role of oncogenic miR-183-5p in prostate cancer (PCa) as biomarker. We carried out our experiment in 50 prostate cancer patients and 40 patients of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and 40 adjacent controls tissue. The expression of miR-183-5p was evaluated through reverse transcription qualitative polymerase chain reaction. We found that the expression of miR-183-5p in PCa tissue was significantly up regulated as compared to BPH patients and adjacent normal tissues as control. Additionally, miR-183 expression was correlated with higher prostate-specific antigen, higher Gleason Score and metastatic condition. A receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed that miR-183-5p distinguished PCa patients from BPH patients and also from control. In conclusion, our data suggest that oncogenic miR-183-5p may be useful as a new tissue specific diagnostic biomarker in prostate cancer.

9.
Iran J Basic Med Sci ; 22(1): 49-57, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30944708

RESUMO

Objectives: Phytochemicals such as polyphenols, alkaloids, and terpenoids, protect against the development of early stages and complications of diabetes mellitus according to various reports. The aim of this study was to measure the anti-dyslipidemic and anti-diabetic effects of Citral on high-fat-diet (HFD) and streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic dyslipidemic rats and to see also its effect on carbohydrate metabolic regulatory enzymes in the liver. Materials and Methods: Rats were kept on a high-fat diet for 2 weeks, then diabetes was induced by a single dose of STZ (35 mg/kg/BW, intraperitoneally), Citral was administered orally at a dose of 45 mg/kg/BW for 28 days to diabetic rats. Blood glucose, plasma insulin, and lipid profile in blood were studied. Antioxidant activities were assayed in the liver, pancreas, and adipose tissues. Carbohydrate metabolic enzymes of the liver were also studied in diabetic dyslipidemic rats. Results: The results of this study confirmed that administration of Citral significantly (P<0.05) decreased the blood glucose level and increased plasma insulin in diabetic rats. Citral also improved oxidative markers along with anti-oxidative enzymes of the liver, adipose tissue, and pancreas in the HFD/STZ group. Citral also regulated the activity of the glucose-metabolic enzymes in the liver. The results of the present study were compared to Glibenclamide, which is a standard oral drug for lowering the blood sugar. Conclusion: Results may show that Citral possesses anti-dyslipidemic activity as well as anti-diabetic activity and also regulates the enzyme activity of glycolytic and gluconeogenic processes in the liver.

10.
Diabetes Metab Res Rev ; 35(5): e3155, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30892801

RESUMO

Diabetic kidney disease is one of the most serious microvascular complications and among the leading causes of end stage renal disease. Persistently increasing albuminuria has been considered to be the central hallmark of nephropathy. However, albuminuria can indicate kidney damage for clinicians; it is not a specific biomarker for prediction of diabetic kidney disease prior to the onset of this devastating complication, and in fact all individuals with microalbuminuria do not progress to overt nephropathy. Controlled glycemia is unable to prevent nephropathy in all diabetic individuals indicating the role of other factors in progression of diabetic kidney disease. There are numerous cellular and molecular defects persisting prior to appearance of clinical symptoms. So, there is an urgent need to look for easy, novel, and accurate way to detect diabetic kidney disease prior to its beginning or at the infancy stage so that its progression can be slowed or arrested. It is now accepted that initiation and progression of diabetic kidney disease are a result of complex interactions between genetic and environmental factors. Environmental signals can alter the intracellular pathways by chromatin modifiers and regulate gene expression patterns leading to diabetes and its complications. In the present review, we have discussed a possible link between aberrant DNA methylation and altered gene expression in diabetic kidney disease. Drugs targeting to reverse epigenetic alteration can retard or stop the development of this devastating disease, just by breaking the chain of events occurring prior to the development of this microvascular complication in patients with diabetes.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Nefropatias Diabéticas/diagnóstico , Nefropatias Diabéticas/genética , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Endócrino , Epigênese Genética/fisiologia , Animais , Biomarcadores/análise , Biomarcadores/sangue , Glicemia/genética , Glicemia/metabolismo , Nefropatias Diabéticas/sangue , Humanos , Prognóstico
11.
J Oral Biol Craniofac Res ; 9(2): 128-132, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30834192

RESUMO

Background: Evidence have been proposed a positive association between severity of Periodontitis and Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) activity, individuals with advanced RA are more likely to develop periodontal problems compared to their non-RA counterparts, and vice versa. Studies have been suggested that RA manifest as a result of an inflammatory imbalance and autoimmunity. In this perspective, treatment modalities that lead to inhibition of proinflammatory mediators, may prove beneficial for reducing the severity of RA. This study examined the effects of non surgical periodontal therapy (NSPT) on disease activity of RA. Methods: Diagnosed patients of active rheumatoid arthritis with chronic periodontitis were recruited in this study and divided in to treatment and controls groups, both groups were similar in all demographics assessed. Treatment group (n = 20) and controls group (n = 20) underwent assessment for periodontal clinical parameters (plaque index, gingival index, probing pocket depth, clinical attachment level), Rheumatologic clinical (simplified disease activity index) and biochemical parameters(C-reactive protein, Rheumatoid factor, Anti-cyclic citrullinated protein) at baseline and 8 weeks. Serum levels of biochemical parameters were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results: The statistically significant (p < 0.001) reduction observed in mean values of PI, GI, PPD, CAL, SDAI in treatment group at 8weeks after NSPT as compare to control group. However serum level of ACCPA, CRP and RF did not show statistically significant (p > 0.05) changes from baseline to reassessment (8 weeks) in both groups. Conclusions: The improvement in RA disease activity may occurs after non surgical periodontal therapy.

12.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 20(2): 345-354, 2019 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30803192

RESUMO

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate any association between CYP1A1 (T6235C and C4887A, A4889G) gene polymorphisms and the risk of oral pre-cancer and cancer. Methods: In the present study, 250 patients with oral pre-cancer and/or cancer and 250 healthy controls were genotyped for CYP1A1 T6235C, C4887A and A4889G polymorphisms by the PCR-RFLP method. Results: None of the CYP1A1 polymorphisms were associated with the risk of either oral cancer or pre cancer. Nor were any links with clinical parameters of oral cancer found. However, among the consumers of areca nut/pan masala the TC, CA and AG genotypes respectively for the CYP1A1 T6235C,C4887Aand A4889G polymorphisms were significantly more frequent in controls compared to cases (p values for cases vs. controls of 0.0032, 0.0019 and 0.0009, respectively). Similarly, compared to the haplotype TCA, TAG constituted by CYP1A1 T6235C and C4887A and A4889G was more common in controls (6.88%) than in cases (4.07%). Conclusion: Our results suggest that genotypes regarding CYP1A1 polymorphisms may modulate the risk of oral cancer and pre-cancer among the areca nut/pan masala consumers. The haplotype may also exert an influence in our north Indian population.


Assuntos
Citocromo P-450 CYP1A1/genética , Haplótipos , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Bucais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/epidemiologia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/patologia , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
13.
Diabetes Metab Syndr ; 13(5): 2987-2990, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30078743

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plasma concentrations of Acylation stimulating protein (ASP) and adiponectin are associated with body weight and energy homeostasis. The purpose of this study is to describe the potential role of acylation stimulating protein and adiponectin with metabolic risk marker in North Indian obese women. METHODS: This is a case control study. Total 520 women were recruited for the study n = 260 women with obesity (BMI>30) study group and n = 260 women without obesity (BMI<25) control group. Serum ASP and adiponectin level were determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: Result indicated that WC, BP, lipid profile, FPG, FPI, IR (HOMA-IR), ASP were significantly higher but adiponectin and HDL were significantly lower in women with obesity than in women without obesity. Furthermore ASP was significantly positive correlated with WC, FPG, TG, VLDL, FPI and IR, whereas the correlation of adiponectin was significantly negative correlated with WC, FPG, TG, IR, ASP and significantly positive correlated with HDL in women with obesity. CONCLUSION: The study shows that high level of ASP and low level of Adiponectin could be a potential marker of women with obesity among metabolic syndrome.


Assuntos
Adiponectina/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Complemento C3a/análise , Resistência à Insulina , Síndrome Metabólica/diagnóstico , Obesidade/complicações , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Síndrome Metabólica/sangue , Síndrome Metabólica/etiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco
14.
Natl J Maxillofac Surg ; 9(2): 160-166, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30546230

RESUMO

Introduction: Cancer of oral cavity is the uncontrolled expansion of damaged cell within the mouth cavity. 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) chemotherapy was focused to kill the cancer cell, but it would affect the surrounding normal cells during oral cancer treatment. This study included the evaluation of chemoprotective effects of curcumin (CU), as an herbal remedy, on 5-FU-induced-cytotoxicity toward oral cancer treatment, loaded within a nanocarrier system. CU was combined with 5-FU chemotherapy as a combinational drug-delivery system to evaluate synergistic effects. Materials and Methods: Nanoformulation of CU (nano-CU) and nanoformulation of 5-FU (nano-FU) were prepared by employing homogenization with high-energy sonication. The characterizations of prepared nanoformulations were evaluated on the basis of particle size, zeta potential, and polydispersity index (PDI) values. The chemopreventive effect of nano-CU on 5-FU induced-toxicity and synergistic efficacy were optimized through different in-vitro assays. Results: The average particle size of nano-CU and nano-FU were up to 200 nm, negatively-charged, and shown up to 4th-day control release of the drug within the acceptable concentration. IC50 value for growth inhibition was calculated as 47.89 and 26.19 µg/ml, respectively, for nano-CU and nano-FU. OCC was pretreated with nano-CU and shown the protective effect by reducing 5-FU induced-cytotoxicity by preventing normal cells through reduced viability. The DPPH-indicated fluorescence-tagged cells had quantified for antioxidant effect as it reduces intracellular reactive oxygen species level in OCC. Along with alteration in cell protein expression, Blc2, and Bax, shows enhanced apoptosis rate in OCC. Conclusion: Nano-CU provides chemoprotective nature towards 5-FU induced-toxicity, along with synergistic effects in oral cancer treatment.

15.
Pak J Pharm Sci ; 31(6): 2457-2462, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30473518

RESUMO

Stress is thought to impair immune function through emotional or behavioral manifestations thus the present study was done to assessed the effect of ethanolic extract of Butea frondosa (BF) leaves on behaviour, immunomodulatory activity and brain acetyl cholinesterase activity in normal and stress induced male rats. Neuroprotective effects of BF, doses (100,200,400mg/kg p.o) were measured by assessing the changes in the behaviour and the immunity of the rats. In stress control, the results indicated that the retention transfer latency, time spent in a closed arm, agglutination, total leukocytes counts (TLC), total paw edema ,size of spleen , decreased significantly (p<0.01) while glucose level, size of the kidney and the liver, AChE activity increased significantly (p<0.01) in comparison with normal control. In BF (200mg/kg) treated rats, the results indicated that the time spent in a closed arm (p<0.01), agglutination (p<0.01), TLC (p<0.01), total paw edema (p<0.05), size of spleen(p<0.01), increased significantly while glucose level (p<0.01), size of the kidney and the liver (p<0.01), AChE activity (p<0.01) decreased significantly in comparison with stress control. This study therefore concluded that the ethanolic extract of BF (200mg/kg) showed a protective effect against the stress induced impaired immune system and the psychological disorders.


Assuntos
Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Butea , Sistema Imunitário/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores Imunológicos/farmacologia , Neuroimunomodulação/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta , Estresse Psicológico/tratamento farmacológico , Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Animais , Encéfalo/enzimologia , Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Butea/química , Inibidores da Colinesterase/farmacologia , Cognição/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/metabolismo , Sistema Imunitário/imunologia , Sistema Imunitário/fisiopatologia , Fatores Imunológicos/isolamento & purificação , Masculino , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Fitoterapia , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Folhas de Planta/química , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Estresse Psicológico/enzimologia , Estresse Psicológico/imunologia , Estresse Psicológico/fisiopatologia
16.
Indian J Clin Biochem ; 33(4): 429-437, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30319189

RESUMO

Osteoporosis is a systemic disease with a strong genetic component. Vitamin D receptor (VDR) has been suggested as a candidate gene for osteoporosis. Therefore the present study was aimed to investigate the pattern of allelic variants of VDR gene polymorphism (FokI and BsmI), its influence on vitamin D levels and bone mineral density (BMD) in North Indian postmenopausal women with osteoporosis for possible genetic association. 254 postmenopausal osteoporotic women and 254 postmenopausal non osteoporotic women were included in the study. VDR FokI and BsmI gene polymorphism gene were assessed by the PCR-RFLP method. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D was measured by the ELISA. BMD at the L1-L4 lumbar spine, hip, forearm and femoral neck was assessed by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. The average BMD at spine and hip in postmenopausal women with bb and spine, hip, femoral neck and forearm with ff genotype had significantly low BMD. The frequency of ff genotype and f allele was significantly higher in postmenopausal osteoporotic women when compared with postmenopausal non osteoporotic women. However, no significant association was found between the genotypes and vitamin D levels. Our study reveals that VDR gene FokI and BsmI polymorphism is significantly associated with low bone mineral density. Therefore the ff genotype and f allele of VDR FokI gene may be used as an important risk factor for osteoporosis.

18.
Clin Chim Acta ; 485: 258-261, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30006282

RESUMO

Oxygen is the most mandatory component of living organism and it may at times produce highly reactive species, the free radicals, which are destructive to normal living tissues. Degenerative diseases of central nervous system (CNS) are quite common, contributing significantly to morbidity as well as mortality %. In neurodegenerative diseases such as motor neuron disease (MND), Cerebellar Ataxia (CA) and Parkinson's disease (PD), there is no direct evidence for involvement of metals and free radicals in the etiology but circumstantial evidence provides a hypothesis that alteration in metals and free radicals contribute to the pathogenesis of neurodegeneration in these disorders. The aim of the present study was to estimate free radicals cascade i.e. damage caused in terms of malondialdehyde (MDA) and defense system Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase in blood and cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF) of neurodegenerative diseases (MND, CA and PD), to analyze correlation with level of free radical and the clinical variables like age, severity of diseases and duration of illness and any possibility from this clinical parameters to identify a biomarker for diagnosis of neurodegenerative diseases. The level of MDA in CSF was 0.46 ±â€¯0.17 in case of MND, 0.49 ±â€¯0.13 in case of CA and 0.47 ±â€¯0.16 in case of PD as compared control group (0.22 ±â€¯0.06) whereas in blood MDA level was 0.10 ±â€¯0.04 in case of MND, 0.33 ±â€¯0.41 in case of CA and 0.47 ±â€¯0.46 in case of PD as compared control group (0.04 ±â€¯0.03). It was found to be highly significant (p < .001). In CSF and blood both catalase activity was statistically significantly higher as compared to control group of all cases (MND, CA and PD) and SOD activity was statistically significantly lower as compared to control group of all cases. Free radical parameters in human CSF might be a novel biomarker for the early clinical identification of neurodegenerative diseases.


Assuntos
Ataxia Cerebelar/sangue , Doença dos Neurônios Motores/sangue , Doença de Parkinson/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
20.
PLoS One ; 13(6): e0199665, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29953521

RESUMO

Radioresistance is one of the main determinants of treatment outcome in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), but its prediction is difficult. Several authors aimed to establish radioresistant OSCC cell lines to identify genes with altered expression in response to radioresistance. The development of OSCC is a multistep carcinogenic process that includes activation of several oncogenes and inactivation of tumour suppressor genes. TGM-3 is a tumour suppressor gene and contributes to carcinogenesis process. The aim of this study was to estimate serum and tissue expression of TGM-3 and its correlation with clinico-pathological factors and overall survival in patients of OSCC undergoing chemo-radiotherapy. Tissue expression was observed in formalin fixed tissue biopsies of 96 cases of OSCC and 32 healthy controls were subjected to immunohistochemistry (IHC) by using antibody against TGM-3 and serum level was estimated by ELISA method. mRNA expression was determined by using Real-Time PCR. Patients were followed for 2 year for chemo radiotherapy response. In OSCC, 76.70% cases and in controls 90.62% were positive for TGM-3 IHC expression. TGM-3 expression was cytoplasmic and nuclear staining expressed in keratinized layer, stratum granulosum and stratum spinosum in controls and tumour cells. Mean serum TGM-3 in pre chemo-radiotherapy OSCC cases were 1304.83±573.55, post chemo-radiotherapy samples were 1530.64±669.33 and controls were 1869.16±1377.36, but difference was significant in pre chemo-radiotherapy samples as compared to controls (p<0.018). This finding was also confirmed by real- time PCR analysis in which down regulation (-7.92 fold change) of TGM-3 in OSCC as compared to controls. TGM-3 expression was significantly associated with response to chemo-radiotherapy treatment (p<0.007) and overall survival (p<0.015). Patents having higher level of TGM-3 expression have good response to chemo-radiotherapy and also have better overall survival. TGM-3 may serve as a candidate biomarker for responsiveness to chemo-radiotherapy treatment in OSCC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Quimiorradioterapia , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Neoplasias/sangue , Tolerância a Radiação , Transglutaminases/sangue , Adulto , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/enzimologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos da radiação , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos da radiação , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Bucais/enzimologia , Neoplasias Bucais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Bucais/terapia , Taxa de Sobrevida
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