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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33502443

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyse the predictive value of anti-carbamylated protein (anti-CarP) and anti-peptidyl-arginine deiminase type-3 (anti-PAD3) antibodies, alone or in combination with rheumatoid factors (RFs) and anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA), to identify patients at high risk of developing severe rheumatoid arthritis (RA) outcomes. METHODS: Patients within the « Swiss Clinical Quality Management ¼ registry with a biobank sample were tested for RFs, ACPA, anti-CarP, and anti-PAD3 antibodies. We examined the association of each autoantibody with DAS28, HAQ and radiographic damage (Ratingen) at baseline and longitudinally. RESULTS: Analyses included 851 established RA patients and 516 disease controls [axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA = 320) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA = 196)]. Anti-CarP and anti-PAD3 antibodies were respectively present in 22.4% and 10.7% of the whole RA population, and in 13.2% and 3.8% of the RF and ACPA double seronegative patients. At baseline, RA patients with anti-PAD3 had higher DAS28 (4.2 vs 3.7; p = 0.005) and significantly more radiographic damage (14.9 vs 8.8; p = 0.02) than anti-PAD3 negative patients. In ACPA negative subgroup, baseline Ratingen scores were significantly higher in anti-PAD3 positive patients (p = 0.01). The combination of anti-PAD3, RF IgM, and ACPA was associated with significantly higher baseline radiographic scores than the double seropositive group (p = 0.04). The presence of any two of the previous autoantibodies was associated with significantly greater radiographic progression over 10 years than if all were absent (p = 0.02). There were no differences on RA outcome measures with regards to anti-CarP. CONCLUSIONS: Anti-PAD3 antibodies are associated with higher disease activity and joint damage scores in RA patients.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33159471

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is associated with progressive liver disease and cholangiocarcinoma. Although risk stratification is crucial for making clinical decisions, it is hindered by a scarcity of proven prognostic markers. AIMS: To assess the value of novel anti-glycoprotein 2 (anti-GP2) and anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies to serine proteinase 3 (PR3-ANCA) in combination with PSC-specific clinical and laboratory markers as predictors of quality of life, disease severity, and cholangiocarcinoma in two large, independent cohorts of PSC patients METHODS: Discovery (338 Polish patients) and validation (178 German patients) cohorts with PSC were evaluated. Anti-GP2 (isoforms 1/4) was detected by ELISAs and PR3-ANCA by chemiluminescence immunoassay. Clinical and laboratory data were collected and analysed. The outcome was defined as liver transplantation-free survival and occurrence of cholangiocarcinoma during follow-up. RESULTS: In the discovery group, anti-GP21/4 IgA and PR3-ANCA were associated with liver dysfunction, anti-GP21/4 IgA with risk scores for PSC and anti-GP24 IgA with cirrhosis. All cholangiocarcinoma patients were positive for PR3-ANCA and/or anti-GP24 IgA. The association between anti-GP2 IgA and liver biochemistry, risk scores, cirrhosis, impaired survival, and cholangiocarcinoma was confirmed in the validation cohort. Cox proportional-hazards regression indicated anti-GP21 IgA as an independent variable of poor outcome in both study cohorts. Analysis of the combined data showed that anti-GP24 IgA and PR3-ANCA were independent predictors for cholangiocarcinoma, while anti-GP21 IgA and PR3-ANCA were indicators for poor survival. CONCLUSIONS: Anti-GP2 and PR3-ANCA are prognostic antibodies in PSC as they identify patients at risk of severe disease, poor survival and biliary cancer.

3.
Lupus ; : 961203320969976, 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33175665

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systemic-lupus-nephritis is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by immune complex deposition and a flare of autoantibodies and leading to renal injury. OBJECTIVES: To expose anti-Dense-Fine-Speckled-70 (DFS70)-antibodies to genetically-prone-lupus-mice. METHODS: NZBXW/F1 female mice were monitored for the onset of glomerulonephritis by proteinuria upon infusion of anti-DFS70 (40 µg/mouse), commercial-human-IgG (cIgG) or phosphate-buffered-saline (PBS) as controls. The survival time was detected by mice death. Circulating anti-dsDNA were tested by ELISA. Proteinuria, was defined by a standard semi-quantitative-Bayer-Multistix-dipstick. Kidney histology was analyzed by periodic-acid-Schiff-PAS staining. RESULTS: A significantly higher percentage of anti-DFS70-infused mice exhibited prolonged survival time as compared with cIgG and PBS-subjected mice (p < 0.022). One mouse out of 10 mice injected with anti-DFS70-antibodies died at week 36, whereas, 6 out of 10 mice subjected with PBS found dead at this time. Eighty percent of anti-DFS70 injected mice did not show severe glomerulonephritis by histology. CONCLUSIONS: anti-DFS70 attenuated the progression of glomerulonephritis and prolonged the survival time. Circulating anti-DFS70-autoantibodies may confer a protective role against renal injury in murine-lupus-nephritis. Our data may propose a novel therapy approach for lupus patients.

4.
Front Immunol ; 11: 584241, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33178218

RESUMO

Background: Critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have a profound hypercoagulable state and often develop coagulopathy which leads to organ failure and death. Because of a prolonged activated partial-thromboplastin time (aPTT), a relationship with anti-phospholipid antibodies (aPLs) has been proposed, but results are controversial. Functional assays for aPL (i.e., lupus anticoagulant) can be influenced by concomitant anticoagulation and/or high levels of C reactive protein. The presence of anti-cardiolipin (aCL), anti-beta2-glycoprotein I (anti-ß2GPI), and anti-phosphatidylserine/prothrombin (aPS/PT) antibodies was not investigated systematically. Epitope specificity of anti-ß2GPI antibodies was not reported. Objective: To evaluate the prevalence and the clinical association of aPL in a large cohort of COVID-19 patients, and to characterize the epitope specificity of anti-ß2GPI antibodies. Methods: ELISA and chemiluminescence assays were used to test 122 sera of patients suffering from severe COVID-19. Of them, 16 displayed major thrombotic events. Results: Anti-ß2GPI IgG/IgA/IgM was the most frequent in 15.6/6.6/9.0% of patients, while aCL IgG/IgM was detected in 5.7/6.6% by ELISA. Comparable values were found by chemiluminescence. aPS/PT IgG/IgM were detectable in 2.5 and 9.8% by ELISA. No association between thrombosis and aPL was found. Reactivity against domain 1 and 4-5 of ß2GPI was limited to 3/58 (5.2%) tested sera for each domain and did not correlate with aCL/anti-ß2GPI nor with thrombosis. Conclusions: aPL show a low prevalence in COVID-19 patients and are not associated with major thrombotic events. aPL in COVID-19 patients are mainly directed against ß2GPI but display an epitope specificity different from antibodies in antiphospholipid syndrome.

6.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33079480

RESUMO

Autoantibodies in systemic sclerosis (SSc) can help stratify patients into more clinically-relevant subsets (reviewed in (1)). We read with interest the study of 804 adult SSc by Mecoli et al. (2), which represents the one of the largest study of anti-Th/To antibodies. The prevalence of 8.3% utilizing immunoprecipitation (IP) of four in-vitro transcribed and translated Th/To components (hPOP1/Rpp25/Rpp30/Rpp40) is consistent with previous studies (reviewed in (3)) (Figure 1).

8.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 72(11): 1820-1828, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32840033

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To 1) determine the prevalence of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide 3 (anti-CCP3) antibodies in anti-CCP2 antibody-positive (anti-CCP2+) at-risk individuals, and 2) explore the additional value of anti-CCP3 antibodies in anti-CCP2+ at-risk individuals for predicting progression to inflammatory arthritis. METHODS: Stored serum samples obtained from 347 anti-CCP2+ (BioPlex 2200; Bio-Rad) at-risk individuals without clinical synovitis were tested for anti-CCP3 antibodies. Anti-CCP2 titers were categorized as low or high, and anti-CCP3 titers were categorized as negative, low, or strong. Progression to inflammatory arthritis was defined as the development of clinical synovitis in ≥1 joint. Only subjects with ≥1 follow-up visit were included in the progression analysis (n = 291). RESULTS: In the 347 samples included, anti-CCP3 antibody titers tended to be either negative (n = 138 [39.7%]) or strongly positive (n =189 [54.4%]), with very few subjects showing a low titer (n = 20 [5.7%]). In contrast, for anti-CCP2 antibodies, more low titers were observed (n = 103 [29.7%]). Eighty-eight of 291 subjects (30.2%) developed inflammatory arthritis. The rate of progression to inflammatory arthritis in the low-titer anti-CCP2 group and the high-titer anti-CCP2 group fell from 7.5% to 3.3% and from 38.9% to 9.8%, respectively, when anti-CCP3 was negative. Progression in the high-titer anti-CCP2 group increased from 38.9% to 48.4% when anti-CCP3 was strongly positive. The area under the curve was 0.72 for anti-CCP2 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.66, 0.78) and 0.76 for anti-CCP3 (95% CI 0.70, 0.81) for assessment of progression. In the multivariable analysis, the odds ratio for the development of inflammatory arthritis in anti-CCP3+ subjects was 1.73 (95% CI 1.20, 2.51) (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Anti-CCP3 antibodies improve the prediction of inflammatory arthritis in anti-CCP2+ at-risk individuals. The impact of anti-CCP3 antibody status for the risk stratification of individuals with high-titer anti-CCP2 is particularly notable.

9.
Autoimmun Rev ; 19(10): 102641, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32801044

RESUMO

Patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) present with clinical features of recurrent thrombosis and pregnancy morbidity and persistently test positive for the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). At least one clinical (vascular thrombosis or pregnancy morbidity) and one lab-based (positive test result for lupus anticoagulant, anticardiolipin antibodies and/or anti-ß2-glycoprotein 1 antibodies) criterion have to be met for a patient to be classified as having APS. Nevertheless, the clinical variety of APS encompasses additional signs and symptoms, potentially affecting any organ, that cannot be explained exclusively by a prothrombotic state. Those manifestations, also known as extra-criteria manifestations, include haematologic (thrombocytopenia and haemolytic anaemia), neurologic (chorea, myelitis and migraine) manifestations as well as the presence of livedo reticularis, nephropathy and valvular heart disease. The growing body of evidence describing the clinical aspect of the syndrome has been paralleled over the years by emerging research interest focusing on the development of novel biomarkers that might improve the diagnostic accuracy for APS when compared to the current aPL tests. This review will focus on the clinical utility of extra-criteria aPL specificities. Besides, the promising role of a new technology using particle based multi-analyte testing that supports aPL panel algorithm testing will be discussed. Diagnostic approaches to difficult cases, including real-world case studies investigating the diagnostic added value of extra criteria aPL, particularly anti-phosphatidylserine/prothrombin, will also be examined.

10.
medRxiv ; 2020 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32588001

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have a profound hypercoagulable state and often develop coagulopathy which leads to organ failure and death. Because of a prolonged activated partial-thromboplastin time (aPTT), a relationship with anti-phospholipid antibodies (aPL) has been proposed, but results are controversial. Functional assays for aPL (i.e., lupus anticoagulant) can be influenced by concomitant anticoagulation and/or high levels of C reactive protein. The presence of anti-cardiolipin (aCL), anti-beta2-glycoprotein I (anti-ß 2 GPI and anti-phosphatidylserine/prothrombin (aPS/PT) antibodies was not investigated systematically. Epitope specificity of anti-ß 2 GPI antibodies was not reported. AIM: To evaluate the prevalence and the clinical association of aPL in a large cohort of COVID-19 patients, and to characterize the epitope specificity of anti-ß 2 GPI antibodies. METHODS: ELISA and chemiluminescence assays were used to test 122 sera of patients suffering from severe COVID-19. Of them, 16 displayed major thrombotic events. RESULTS: Anti-ß 2 GPI IgG/IgA/IgM were the most frequent in 15.6/6.6/9.0% of patients, while aCL IgG/IgM were detected in 5.7/6.6% by ELISA. Comparable values were found by chemiluminescence. aPS/PT IgG/IgM were detectable in 2.5 and 9.8% by ELISA. No association between thrombosis and aPL was found. Reactivity against domain 1 and 4-5 of ß 2 GPI was limited to 3/58 (5.2%) tested sera for each domain and did not correlate with aCL/anti-ß 2 GPI nor with thrombosis. CONCLUSION: aPL show a low prevalence in COVID-19 patients and are not associated with major thrombotic events. aPL in COVID-19 patients are mainly directed against ß 2 GPI but display an epitope specificity different from antibodies in antiphospholipid syndrome.

12.
Autoimmun Rev ; 19(8): 102583, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32553611

RESUMO

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare chronic disease of unknown etiology characterized by vascular abnormalities and fibrosis involving the skin and internal organs, especially the gastrointestinal tract, lung, heart and kidneys. Although the disease was historically stratified according to the extent of skin involvement, more recent approaches place more emphasis on patterns and extent of internal organ involvement. Despite numerous clinical trials, disease-modifying treatment options are still limited resulting in persistent poor quality of life and high mortality. This review provides an overview of autoantibodies in SSc and novel approaches to stratify the disease into clinically actionable subsets.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Escleroderma Sistêmico/imunologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/patologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/terapia
13.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 22(1): 105, 2020 05 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375861

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Calprotectin (S100A8/S100A9 protein) is known as a damage-associated molecular pattern (DAMP) protein and reflects mainly neutrophil activation. Serum calprotectin levels might be a good alternative to acute-phase protein as a biomarker in inflammatory rheumatic diseases. The aim of this study is to investigate the association of serum calprotectin with disease activity and severity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: Serum calprotectin was measured in patients with RA, axSpA, and PsA from the prospective Swiss Clinical Quality Management (SCQM) registry. Asymptomatic first-degree relatives of RA patients were used as healthy controls (HC). Outcomes included swollen joint count (SJC), Disease Activity Score (DAS), Health Assessment questionnaire (HAQ), joint radiographs, and ultrasound power Doppler (USPD) score for RA; Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS) and coxitis for axSpA; and SJC and Disease Activity Index for PSoriatic Arthritis (DAPSA) for PsA. Comparison of outcomes by calprotectin quartile levels was performed using Kruskal-Wallis tests for continuous outcomes or trend tests for categorical outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 1729 subjects [RA = 969, axSpA = 451, PsA = 237, and HC = 72] were included. Median levels of serum calprotectin were higher in each disease group compared to HC (p < 0.01). In RA patients, all clinical outcomes were statistically different between quartiles of serum calprotectin, indicating an association between calprotectin levels and higher disease activity (SJC, DAS, and USPD scores) and severity (joint radiographs and HAQ). In axSpA, an association between calprotectin levels and ASDAS score (p < 0.01) and prevalence of coxitis (p = 0.02) was observed. For PsA patients, SJC and DAPSA did not differ across calprotectin quartiles. CONCLUSIONS: This large study supports the association of serum calprotectin levels with disease activity in both RA and axSpA, but not in PsA.

14.
Am J Gastroenterol ; 115(10): 1634-1641, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32467507

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Antibodies to hexokinase 1 (HK1) and kelch-like 12 (KLHL12) have been identified as potential biomarkers in primary biliary cholangitis (PBC), and this study assesses changes of these antibodies over time and if they are associated with clinical outcomes. METHODS: Two hundred fifty-four PBC patients (93.3% female, 51 ± 12.3 years old) were tested for anti-HK1 and anti-KLHL12, antimitochondrial (AMA), anti-gp210, and anti-sp100 antibodies. One hundred sixty-nine patients were tested twice and 49 three times within 4.2 (0.8-10.0) years. Biochemistry and clinical features at diagnosis, response to therapy, events of decompensation, and liver-related death or transplantation were evaluated. RESULTS: Anti-HK1 and anti-KLHL2 were detected in 46.1% and 22.8% patients, respectively. AMA were positive in 93.7%, anti-sp100 in 26.4%, and anti-gp210 in 21.3% of patients. Anti-HK1 and anti-KLHL12 positivity changed over time in 13.3% and 5.5% of patients, respectively. Anti-HK1 or anti-KLHL12 were present in 37.5% of AMA-negative patients, and in 40% of AMA, anti-gp210, and anti-sp100 negative. No significant differences were observed between those with or without HK1 and KLHL12 antibodies, but transplant-free survival and time to liver decompensation were significantly lower in patients anti-HK1 positive (P = 0.039; P = 0.04) and in those anti-sp100 positive (P = 0.01; P = 0.007). No changes in survival and events of liver decompensation were observed according to the positivity of AMA, anti-KLHL12, or anti-gp210 antibodies. DISCUSSION: HK1 and KLHL12 antibodies are present in 40% of PBC patients who are seronegative by the conventional PBC-specific antibodies. The novel antibodies remain rather steady during the course of the disease, and HK1 antibodies are associated with unfavourable outcomes.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Hexoquinase/imunologia , Cirrose Hepática Biliar/imunologia , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/imunologia , Adulto , Antígenos Nucleares/imunologia , Autoantígenos/imunologia , Colagogos e Coleréticos/uso terapêutico , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Cirrose Hepática Biliar/terapia , Transplante de Fígado , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Mitocondriais/imunologia , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/imunologia , Prognóstico , Ácido Ursodesoxicólico/uso terapêutico
15.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 58(9): 1499-1507, 2020 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32286240

RESUMO

Background: Anti-mitochondrial autoantibodies (AMA) detected by indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) on rodent tissues are the diagnostic marker of primary biliary cholangitis (PBC). However, up to 15% of patients with PBC are AMA-negative by IIF. In the effort to close the serological gap and improve the diagnostic sensitivity of PBC testing, recently, novel autoantibodies specific for PBC, such as kelch-like 12 (KLHL12, KLp epitope) and hexokinase 1 (HK1) have been described. In this study, we evaluated the autoantibody profile in a large cohort of PBC patients and in patients with other liver disease, including anti-HK1 and anti-KLp autoantibodies. Methods: Sera of 194 PBC patients (126 AMA-IIF-positive and 68 AMA-IIF-negative) and 138 disease controls were tested for a panel of PBC-specific antibodies (MIT3, sp100, gp210, HK1, KLp) using a new automated particle-based multi-analyte technology (PMAT) assay on the Aptiva instrument (Inova). Results: Selecting a cutoff yielding a specificity of >95% for all the markers, the sensitivity for anti-MIT3, anti-sp100, anti-gp210, anti-HK1 and anti-KLp in the PBC AMA-IIF-negative cohort was 20.6%, 16.2%, 23.5%, 22.0%, 17.6 and 13.2%, respectively. Six out of the 68 (8.8%) AMA-IIF negative sera were positive for anti-HK1 or anti-KLp alone. Using these new markers in addition to anti-MIT3, anti-sp100 and anti-gp210, the overall sensitivity in this cohort of AMA-IIF-negative patients increased from 53% to 61.8%, reducing the serological gap in AMA-negative PBC patients. Conclusions: PBC antibody profiling, made possible by the new Aptiva-PMAT technology, allows recognition of a higher number of AMA-negative PBC patients than conventional immunoassays and may represent a useful tool to evaluate the prognostic significance of autoantibody association in PBC patients.

16.
Autoimmun Rev ; 19(5): 102506, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32173516

RESUMO

There is an emerging understanding that an individual's risk for future rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can be determined using a combination of factors while they are still in a state where clinically-apparent inflammatory arthritis (IA) is not yet present. Indeed, this concept has underpinned several completed and ongoing prevention trials in RA. Importantly, risk factors can be divided into modifiable (e.g. smoking, exercise, dental care and diet) and non-modifiable factors (e.g. genetics, sex, age). In addition, there are now several biomarkers including autoantibodies, inflammatory markers and imaging techniques that are highly predictive of future clinically-apparent IA/RA. Although none of the prevention studies have yet provided major breakthroughs, several of them have provided valuable insights that can help to improve the design of future clinical trials and enable RA prevention. In aggregate, these findings suggest that the most accurate disease prediction models will require the combination of demographic and clinical information, biomarkers and potentially medical imaging data to identify individuals for intervention. This review summarizes some of the key aspects around precision medicine in RA with special focus on disease prediction and prevention.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/prevenção & controle , Artrite Reumatoide/terapia , Medicina de Precisão , Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Biomarcadores/análise , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
17.
Autoimmun Rev ; 19(3): 102463, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927088

RESUMO

The discovery of autoantibodies to ribosomal proteins (anti-RibP) dates back more than fifty years when antibodies to ribosomes were identified in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) sera. Over the years, anti-RibP autoantibodies have been the subject of extensive study and became known as a highly specific biomarker for the diagnosis of SLE and were associated with neuropsychiatric SLE (NPSLE), lupus nephritis (LN) and hepatitis (LH). As demonstrated by studies on cultured human cells and of murine models, there is evidence to suggest that anti-RibP may have a pathogenic role in LN and NPSLE. Despite a wealth of evidence, in comparison to other SLE autoantibodies such as anti-Sm and anti-dsDNA, anti-RibP has not been included in classification criteria for SLE. A significant challenge is the variability of assays used to detect anti-RibP, including the antigens and diagnostic platforms employed. This may account for the marked variation in frequencies (10-47%) in SLE and its association with clinical and demographic features reported in SLE cohorts. We performed a systematic literature review and meta-analysis to help clarify its prevalence, various clinical and serological associations in SLE based on the different RibP antigens and assay platforms used.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Proteínas Ribossômicas/imunologia , Animais , Humanos , Nefrite Lúpica , Vasculite Associada ao Lúpus do Sistema Nervoso Central , Camundongos
19.
Immunol Invest ; 49(1-2): 58-68, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401900

RESUMO

In the present study, we evaluated two novel technologies, the chemiluminescent immunoassay (CIA) QUANTA Flash on BIO-FLASH (Inova Diagnostics, San Diego, CA, USA) and the addressable laser bead immunoassay (ALBIA) on BioPlex™ 2200 (Bio-Rad, Hercules, CA, USA) for the detection of anti-cardiolipin IgG/IgM (aCL) and anti-ß2-glycoprotein IgG/IgM (aß2GPI) antibodies. The study was performed on 134 samples from consecutive patients (59 males and 75 females, mean age 54 ± 10 years) who consulted a rheumatologist because thrombosis and/or pregnancy complications were present or another immunological disease (Sjogren's syndrome, inflammatory arthritis). Fourteen patients of the total fulfilled 25the Sydney criteria for APS and for these patients previous results of aPLs were available. Sera were tested for aCL and aß2GPI of IgG and IgM isotypes using CIA (BIO-FLASH) and ALBIA (BioPlex™ 2200). Overall agreement between CIA and ALBIA ranged from 88.1% (aCL IgG) to 97.8% (aß2GPI IgG). Cohen's kappa coefficient ranged from 0.53 to 0.91, implying moderate to almost perfect agreement. Almost perfect agreement was found between BioPlex™ 2200 and BIO-FLASH aß2GPI IgG and aCL IgM with Cohen's kappa of 0.91 and 0.88, respectively. On the other hand, moderate agreement was found between BioPlex™ 2200 and BIO-FLASH aCL IgG and ß2GPI IgM assays with Cohen's kappa of 0.57 and 0.53, respectively. The two novel technologies look promising and comparable but further studies with larger cohorts are needed to contribute to the better understanding of the new aPLs antibodies assays performance.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Anticardiolipina/sangue , Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos/sangue , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/diagnóstico , Imunoensaio/métodos , Medições Luminescentes/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , beta 2-Glicoproteína I
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