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1.
Korean J Parasitol ; 58(1): 57-60, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32145728

RESUMO

During the mobile clinic activities in Tak Province, Thailand, Paragonimus sp. eggs were found in a fecal sample of a 72-year-old Karen resident. Paragonimus DNA was amplified from the stool sample and identified to P. heterotremus. The patient did not have any symptoms. Apparent pulmonary lesion was not found on the chest X-ray. The patient admitted habitual consumption of semi-cooked or roasted waterfall crabs for several years. The waterfall crabs collected from stream near the village were found negative for Paragonimus metacercariae. In northern Thailand, paragonimiasis remains as one of the public health concerns and should be ruled out for asymptomatic pulmonary patients.


Assuntos
Infecções Assintomáticas , Paragonimíase/parasitologia , Idoso , Animais , Fezes/parasitologia , Humanos , Masculino , Paragonimus/isolamento & purificação , Tailândia
2.
Acta Parasitol ; 62(2): 393-400, 2017 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28426425

RESUMO

Dogs have been bred since ancient times for companionship, hunting, protection, shepherding and other human activities. Some canine helminth parasites can cause significant clinical diseases in humans as Opisthorchis viverrini causing cholangiocarcinoma in Southeast Asian Countries. In this study, socio-cultural questionnaire, canine parasitological analysis, necropsy, parasite molecular confirmation and dog roaming data were evaluated in Savannakhet, Lao-PDR, a typical Mekong Basin area. Dog owners comprised 48.8% of the studied population, with 61.2% owning one dog, 25.1% 2 dogs, 8.5% 3 dogs and 1.8% owning more than 4 dogs. Data from GPS logger attached to dogs showed they walked from 1.4 to 13.3 km per day, covering an area of 3356.38m2 average, with a routine of accessing water sources. Thirteen zoonotic helminth species were observed. Causative agents of visceral and cutaneous larva migrans occurred in 44.1% and 70% of the samples respectively. Spirometra erinaceieuropaei was detected in 44.1% of samples. Importantly, O. viverrini was found in 8.8% of samples. Besides the known importance of dogs in the transmission of Ancylostoma spp., Toxocara spp. and S. erinaceieuropaei, the observed roaming pattern of dogs confirmed it as an important host perpetuating O. viverrini in endemic areas; their routine access to waterbodies may spread O. viverrini eggs in a favorable environment for the fluke development, facilitating the infection of fishes, and consequently infecting humans living in the same ecosystem. Therefore, parasitic NTDs control programs in humans should be done in parallel with parasite control in animals, especially dogs, in the Mekong River basin area.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão/parasitologia , Helmintíase Animal/parasitologia , Helmintíase/parasitologia , População Rural , Zoonoses , Animais , Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia , Doenças do Cão/transmissão , Cães , Fezes/parasitologia , Helmintíase/epidemiologia , Helmintíase/transmissão , Helmintíase Animal/epidemiologia , Helmintíase Animal/transmissão , Humanos , Vale do Mecom/epidemiologia , Rios
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29644815

RESUMO

Taenia solium, T. saginata, and T. asiatica are cestode pathogens causing taeniasis in humans. Houseflies can transfer Taenia eggs to food. However, houseflies are thought to carry only small numbers of Taenia eggs, sometimes fewer than 10. Although several PCR-based methods have been developed to detect Taenia DNA, these require more than 10 eggs for adequate detection. We developed a multiplex PCR method with high specificity for the discrimination among the eggs of the three Taenia species, T. solium, T. saginata, and T. asiatica, using 18S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) as a genetic marker. This technique was found to be highly sensitive, capable of identifying the Taenia species from only one egg. This multiplex PCR technique using 18S rDNA specific primers should be suitable to diagnose Taenia eggs.


Assuntos
Moscas Domésticas/parasitologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex/métodos , Óvulo/classificação , Taenia/isolamento & purificação , Animais , DNA de Helmintos/genética , Marcadores Genéticos , Humanos , RNA de Helmintos/genética , RNA Ribossômico 18S/genética , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
4.
Korean J Parasitol ; 54(4): 543-7, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27658609

RESUMO

In the present study, we report on the occurrence of paramphistomes, Fischoederius cobboldi and Paramphistomum epiclitum, in Lao PDR with the basis of molecular data. Parasite materials were collected from bovines bred in Ban Lahanam area, Savannakhet Province, Lao PDR at Lahanam public market. Morphological observations indicated 2 different species of paramphistomes. The mitochondrial gene cox1 of the specimens was successfully amplified by PCR and DNA sequencing was carried out for diagnosis of 11 specimens. Pairwise alignment of cox1 sequences were performed and confirmed F. cobboldi and P. epiclitum infecting bovines in Laos. Although there were many limiting points, as the small number of worm samples, and the restricted access of the animal host materials, we confirmed for the first time that 2 species of paramphistomes, F. cobboldi and P. epiclitum, are distributed in Lao PDR. More studies are needed to confirm the paramphistome species present in Savannakhet and its hosts to clear the natural history of these parasites of ruminants in the region and measure the impact of this parasite infection in the life and health of the local people.


Assuntos
Parasitologia de Alimentos , Paramphistomatidae/isolamento & purificação , Rúmen/parasitologia , Animais , Bovinos , Complexo IV da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/genética , Laos , Microscopia , Paramphistomatidae/anatomia & histologia , Paramphistomatidae/classificação , Paramphistomatidae/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
5.
J Immigr Minor Health ; 18(1): 21-7, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25502792

RESUMO

Samut Sakhon is a Thai province popular among immigrants attracted to work in factories and the Thai food industry, especially people from Myanmar. Poor personal-hygiene behaviors, crowded accommodation and limited sanitation, result in health problems among immigrant workers. Various infectious diseases among this group are seen and managed by Samut Sakhon General Hospital. The impact of intestinal parasitic infections on public health is well known; they can spread from infected immigrant areas to uninfected areas via close contact and fecal-oral transmission from contaminated food and water. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among 372 immigrant children at 8 child-daycare centers during their parents' work time, by physical examination, fecal examination, and examination of the environment around the centers. Physical examinations were generally unremarkable, except that head-lice and fingernail examinations were positive in two cases (0.8 %). The results showed intestinal parasitic infections to be highly prevalent, at 71.0 %. These infections comprised both helminths and protozoa: Trichuris trichiura (50.8 %), Enterobius vermicularis (25.2 %), Ascaris lumbricoides (15.3 %), hookworm (11.6 %), Giardia lamblia (10.2 %), Endolimax nana (3.5 %), Entamoeba coli (2.7 %), and Blastocystis hominis (0.5 %). The environmental survey found a small number of houseflies near the accommodation to be positive for helminthic eggs (0.2 %), including A. lumbricoides, E. vermicularis, hookworms, Taenia spp., and minute intestinal flukes. Regarding the high prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among children, it has been conjectured whether they were infected, along with their parents, during their daily lives before or after settling in Thailand. Intestinal parasites among immigrant children may involve a significant epidemiological impact, since immigrant children can serve as carriers and transmitters of disease.


Assuntos
Creches/estatística & dados numéricos , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Nível de Saúde , Enteropatias Parasitárias/etnologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Fezes/parasitologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Exame Físico , Tailândia/epidemiologia
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24964651

RESUMO

We collected fecal samples from 500 dogs and 300 cats from an animal refuge in Nakhon Nayok Province, Thailand to test for gastrointestinal protozoa and helminths using a formalin-ether concentration technique. The overall prevalence of parasites in stool from dogs was 36.2% (181/500), 35.7% (177/500) had helminths and 2.8% (14/500) had protozoa. The helminths were: hookworm (30.6%), Trichuris vulpis (16.0%), Toxocara canis (6.6%), Hymenolepis diminuta (1.2%), Spirometra mansoni (0.6%), and Dipylidium caninum (0.2%). Giardia duodenalis (2.8%) was found in the stool of dogs. The overall prevalence of parasites in stool from cats was 44.3% (133/300), 43.3% (130/300) were helminths and 6.0% (18/300) were protozoa. The helminths were hookworm (34.7%), T. cati (9.7%), S. mansoni (4.0%), Platynosomum fastosum (2.7%), Strongyloides sp (0.7%), and Echinostoma sp (0.3%). Two species of protozoa, Isospora sp (5.7%) and G. duodenalis (0.3%) were found in the stool of cats. Two percent of dogs and 5.0% of cats had mixed protozoan and helminthic infections. Dogs with double, triple, and quadruple helminthic infections were found at rates of 22.0%, 2.8%, and 0.2%, respectively. Cats with double and triple helminthic infections were found at rates of 9.7% and 1.0%, respectively. Quadruple helminthic infections were not found in cats, and double protozoan infections were not found in either dogs or cats.


Assuntos
Doenças do Gato/parasitologia , Gatos/parasitologia , Doenças do Cão/parasitologia , Cães/parasitologia , Gastroenteropatias/parasitologia , Gastroenteropatias/veterinária , Helmintíase/parasitologia , Infecções por Protozoários/parasitologia , Animais , Doenças do Gato/epidemiologia , Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia , Fezes/parasitologia , Gastroenteropatias/epidemiologia , Helmintíase/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Infecções por Protozoários/epidemiologia , Tailândia/epidemiologia
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24968666

RESUMO

Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, and Necator americanus are medically important soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) occurring frequently worldwide including Thailand. Fecal examination using a microscope has been recommended as the gold standard for diagnosis of STH infections, but suffers from low sensitivity. Recently, highly sensitive and specific assays, such as multiplex quantitative PCR, has been established, but the high cost and need for special instruments are still barriers limiting their applications in routine diagnosis. Therefore, a conventional multiplex PCR assay, with its lower cost and greater simplicity, was developed, for the simultaneous detection of STHs in fecal samples. The multiplex PCR assay was species-specific to the three STHs, and could detect one copy of DNA target. Compared with microscopic examination of fecal samples, sensitivity and specificity of the multiplex PCR was 87% and 83%, respectively. This multiplex PCR assay provides an alternative method for routine diagnosis of STHs infection, and might be applied for epidemiological studies of STHs in endemic areas.


Assuntos
Ascaríase/diagnóstico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex , Necatoríase/diagnóstico , Solo/parasitologia , Tricuríase/diagnóstico , Animais , Ascaríase/parasitologia , Ascaris lumbricoides/isolamento & purificação , Fezes/parasitologia , Humanos , Necator americanus/isolamento & purificação , Necatoríase/patologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tailândia , Tricuríase/parasitologia , Trichuris/isolamento & purificação
8.
Rev Bras Parasitol Vet ; 23(1): 80-4, 2014 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24728365

RESUMO

Trichostrongylids infection has gained significant public health importance since Trichostrongylus spp. infections have been reported in humans in Lao PDR. In this study, gastrointestinal nematodes were identified and the intensity of infections was determined in goats and cattle, which are animals greatly used for meat production in Lahanam Village, Lao PDR. The total number of goats and bovines was 23 and 29, respectively, pertaining to 32 households surveyed in the area. Feacal samples were randomly collected from 14 goats and 11 bovines. Ninety three percent (13/14) of goats and 36% (3/11) of cattle were infected, with an average of 1,728 and 86 eggs per gram of faeces (EPG), respectively. Coproculture showed Trichostrongylus spp. (goats 16%; bovines 48%), Haemonchus spp. (goats 69%; bovines 37%), Cooperia spp. (bovines 8%) and Oesophagostomum spp. (goats 15%; bovines 6%). After performing the necropsy on an adult goat, Trichuris spp. was also found. We confirmed the presence of Oesophagostomum spp., H. contortus and T. colubriformis by morphology and DNA sequencing analysis of the ITS region of rDNA. Due to interactions between humans and goats in Lahanam Village and high EPG results, the diagnosis of species and the intensity of gastrointestinal nematode infection in these animals are important public-health issues. Other ruminant parasites, such as Oesophagostomum and Haemonchus, found in caprines and bovines, are reported to be causes of zoonosis and their presence in humans should be investigated in future field surveys in this area.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos/parasitologia , Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/parasitologia , Doenças das Cabras/parasitologia , Infecções por Nematoides/veterinária , Animais , Bovinos , Clima , Cabras , Laos , Zoonoses
9.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 23(1): 80-84, Jan-Mar/2014. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-707182

RESUMO

Trichostrongylids infection has gained significant public health importance since Trichostrongylus spp. infections have been reported in humans in Lao PDR. In this study, gastrointestinal nematodes were identified and the intensity of infections was determined in goats and cattle, which are animals greatly used for meat production in Lahanam Village, Lao PDR. The total number of goats and bovines was 23 and 29, respectively, pertaining to 32 households surveyed in the area. Feacal samples were randomly collected from 14 goats and 11 bovines. Ninety three percent (13/14) of goats and 36% (3/11) of cattle were infected, with an average of 1,728 and 86 eggs per gram of faeces (EPG), respectively. Coproculture showed Trichostrongylus spp. (goats 16%; bovines 48%), Haemonchus spp. (goats 69%; bovines 37%), Cooperia spp. (bovines 8%) and Oesophagostomum spp. (goats 15%; bovines 6%). After performing the necropsy on an adult goat, Trichuris spp. was also found. We confirmed the presence of Oesophagostomum spp., H. contortus and T. colubriformis by morphology and DNA sequencing analysis of the ITS region of rDNA. Due to interactions between humans and goats in Lahanam Village and high EPG results, the diagnosis of species and the intensity of gastrointestinal nematode infection in these animals are important public-health issues. Other ruminant parasites, such as Oesophagostomum and Haemonchus, found in caprines and bovines, are reported to be causes of zoonosis and their presence in humans should be investigated in future field surveys in this area.


Infecção por tricostrongilídeos ganhou significativa importância para a saúde pública, desde que infecções por Trichostrongylus spp. foram relatadas em humanos no Laos. Neste estudo, determinou-se a intensidade de verminoses gastrintestinais em caprinos e bovinos, importantes animais de produção na região de Lahanam Village, RPD do Laos. O número total de caprinos e bovinos foi 23 e 29, respectivamente, nas 32 famílias estudadas. Amostras de fezes foram coletadas, aleatoriamente, de 14 caprinos e 11 bovinos. Noventa e três por cento (13/14) dos caprinos e 36% (3/11) dos bovinos encontraram-se parasitados, com uma média de 1728 e 86 ovos por grama de fezes (OPG), respectivamente. Pela coprocultura, identificou-se Trichostrongylus spp. (caprinos 16%; bovinos48%), Haemonchus spp. (caprinos 69%; bovinos 37%), Cooperia spp. (bovinos 8%) e Oesophagostomum spp. (caprinos 15%; bovinos 6%). A necropsia de um caprino registrou também a presença de formas adultas de Trichuris spp. Morfologicamente e por análise do sequenciamento da região ITS do rDNA, foi confirmada a presença de Oesophagostomum spp., H. contortus e T. colubriformis. Devido às interações entre seres humanos e caprinos, em Lahanam Village, o alto OPG demonstrando o grau elevado de infecção por nematóides gastrintestinais nesses animais e a comprovação de espécies causadoras de zoonoses, aponta-se uma importante questão de saúde pública. Outros parasitos de ruminantes, como Oesophagostomum e Haemonchus, encontrados nos caprinos e bovinos estudados, são também relatados como agentes de zoonose, e sua presença em seres humanos deve ser investigada em futuras pesquisas de campo no local.


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/parasitologia , Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/parasitologia , Doenças das Cabras/parasitologia , Infecções por Nematoides/veterinária , Clima , Cabras , Laos , Zoonoses
10.
J Parasitol Res ; 2013: 310605, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23864933

RESUMO

Taenia saginata is the most common human Taenia in Thailand. By cox1 sequences, 73 isolates from four localities in north and northeast were differentiated into 14 haplotypes, 11 variation sites and haplotype diversity of 0.683. Among 14 haplotypes, haplotype A was the major (52.1%), followed by haplotype B (21.9%). Clustering diagram of Thai and GenBank sequences indicated mixed phylogeny among localities. By MJ analysis, haplotype clustering relationships showed paired-stars-like network, having two main cores surrounded by minor haplotypes. Tajima's D values were significantly negative in T. saginata world population, suggesting population expansion. Significant Fu's F s values in Thai, as well as world population, also indicate that population is expanding and may be hitchhiking as part of selective sweep. Haplotype B and its dispersion were only found in populations from Thailand. Haplotype B may evolve and ultimately become an ancestor of future populations in Thailand. Haplotype A seems to be dispersion haplotype, not just in Thailand, but worldwide. High genetic T. saginata intraspecies divergence was found, in contrast to its sister species, T. asiatica; among 30 samples from seven countries, its haplotype diversity was 0.067, while only 2 haplotypes were revealed. This extremely low intraspecific variation suggests that T. asiatica could be an endangered species.

11.
Korean J Parasitol ; 51(1): 55-9, 2013 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23467439

RESUMO

Twelve 924 bp cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1) mitochondrial DNA sequences from Taenia asiatica isolates from Thailand were aligned and compared with multiple sequence isolates from Thailand and 6 other countries from the GenBank database. The genetic divergence of T. asiatica was also compared with Taenia saginata database sequences from 6 different countries in Asia, including Thailand, and 3 countries from other continents. The results showed that there were minor genetic variations within T. asiatica species, while high intraspecies variation was found in T. saginata. There were only 2 haplotypes and 1 polymorphic site found in T. asiatica, but 8 haplotypes and 9 polymorphic sites in T. saginata. Haplotype diversity was very low, 0.067, in T. asiatica and high, 0.700, in T. saginata. The very low genetic diversity suggested that T. asiatica may be at a risk due to the loss of potential adaptive alleles, resulting in reduced viability and decreased responses to environmental changes, which may endanger the species.


Assuntos
Complexo IV da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/genética , Variação Genética , Filogeografia , Taenia/classificação , Taenia/genética , Teníase/epidemiologia , Teníase/parasitologia , Animais , Ásia/epidemiologia , Análise por Conglomerados , Genótipo , Humanos , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Subunidades Proteicas/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Taenia/isolamento & purificação
12.
Acta Trop ; 126(1): 37-42, 2013 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23318934

RESUMO

There have been few studies on human trichostrongyliasis in Southeast Asia, information on its clinical manifestations is also sparse. Trichostrongyliasis occurs predominantly in areas where poor hygiene is common especially where human/animal feces are used as a fertilizer, thereby contaminating vegetables and stream water. The intimate coexistence of domestic animals and humans explains the prevalence of Trichostrongylus infection in such areas. The goal of the current study was to determine the prevalence of trichostrongyliasis among villagers in Thakamrien village, Sonkon district, Savannakhet province, Laos, and to investigate potential relationships between clinical features, laboratory data, and severity of infection. Of 272 villagers examined, 160 (58.8%) were determined positive for helminthic infections by fecal examination, and 59 (36.9%) of these were infected with Trichostrongylus. Only 58 cases were in the inclusion criteria of the study and then underwent further assessment, including a questionnaire on personal behaviors, physical examination, and laboratory tests. Villagers in the trichostrongyliasis group were more likely than the control group to have consumed fresh vegetables, not washed their hands before meals or after using the toilet, and to have had close contact with herbivorous animals (goats and cows). Similarly, villagers in the trichostrongyliasis group were more likely than the control group to have a history of loose feces, rash, or abdominal pain; however, no obvious clinical symptoms were observed during physical examination of the trichostrongyliasis patients. The degree of infection was determined by both fecal egg counts and quantification of adult worms after deworming. Laboratory data were evaluated for any relationship with severity of infection. No significant differences were found in laboratory values between the trichostrongyliasis and control groups, with most values being within normal limits; however, both groups had high eosinophil counts. This study demonstrated that the useful clinical characteristics of trichostrongyliasis patients include history of loose feces, rashes, and abdominal pain, as well as in personal behaviors, such as the regular consumption of fresh vegetables, lack of hand washing, and close contact with cattle.


Assuntos
Tricostrongilose/epidemiologia , Tricostrongilose/patologia , Trichostrongylus/isolamento & purificação , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Criança , Fezes/parasitologia , Feminino , Humanos , Laos/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , População Rural , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23077835

RESUMO

Angiostrongylus cantonensis is the causative agent of angiostrongyliasis, which is widely distributed throughout the world. It can specifically infect many species of intermediate and definitive hosts. This study examined the genetic differentiation and population structure using the RAPD-PCR method of parasites obtained from 8 different geographical areas of Thailand. Based on 8 primers, high levels of genetic diversity and low levels of gene flow among populations were found. Using genetic distance and neighbor-joining dendrogram methods, A. cantonensis in Thailand could be divided into two groups with statistically significant genetic differentiation of the two populations. However, genotypic variations and haplotype relationships need to be further elucidated using other markers.


Assuntos
Angiostrongylus cantonensis/genética , Variação Genética , Angiostrongylus cantonensis/classificação , Angiostrongylus cantonensis/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Genes de Helmintos , Genótipo , Humanos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Polimorfismo Genético , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Tailândia/epidemiologia
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23413695

RESUMO

Over 70 countries in tropical and subtropical zones are endemic areas for Strongyloides stercoralis, with a higher prevalence of the parasite often occurring in tropical regions compared to subtropical ones. In order to explore genetic variations of S. stercoralis form different climate zones, 18S ribosomal DNA of parasite specimens obtained from Thailand were sequenced and compared with those from Japan. The maximum likelihood indicates that S. stercoralis populations from these two different climate zones have genetically diverged. The genetic relationship between S. stercoralis populations is not related to the host species, but rather to moisture and temperature. These factors may directly drive genetic differentiation among isolated populations of S. stercoralis.


Assuntos
Variação Genética , RNA Ribossômico 18S/genética , Strongyloides stercoralis/genética , Estrongiloidíase/parasitologia , Clima Tropical , Animais , Fezes/parasitologia , Humanos , Japão , RNA Ribossômico 18S/isolamento & purificação , Strongyloides stercoralis/isolamento & purificação , Estrongiloidíase/epidemiologia , Tailândia
15.
J Med Microbiol ; 60(Pt 5): 619-624, 2011 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21292857

RESUMO

The prevalence of and risk factors associated with extended-spectrum ß-lactamase (ESBL)-producing micro-organisms have not been well studied in healthy individuals. The aim of this study was to determine this in healthy individuals in Thailand. Stool samples and questionnaires obtained from 445 participants from three provinces in Thailand were analysed. The antimicrobial susceptibility of the isolates was assessed using phenotypic and genotypic methods. PCR analysis was performed to detect and group the bla(CTX-M) genes. The prevalence of CTX-M-type ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae in the three provinces was as follows: 29.3 % in Nan (43/147), 29.9 % in Nakhon Si Thammarat (43/144) and 50.6 % in Kanchanaburi (78/154) (P<0.001). Of the 445 samples, 33 (7.4 %), 1 (0.2 %) and 127 (28.5 %) isolates belonged to the bla(CTX-M) gene groups I, III and IV, respectively. Escherichia coli was the predominant member of the Enterobacteriaceae producing CTX-M-type ESBLs (40/43, 39/43 and 70/78 isolates in Nan, Nakhon Si Thammarat and Kanchanaburi, respectively). No statistically significant association was observed between the presence of ESBL-producing bacteria and gender, age, education, food habits or antibiotic usage. However, the provinces that had the highest prevalence of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae also had the highest prevalence of use and purchase of antibiotics without a prescription. Thus, this study revealed that faecal carriage of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae is very high in asymptomatic individuals in Thailand, with some variations among the provinces. This high prevalence may be linked to antibiotic abuse.


Assuntos
Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/epidemiologia , Enterobacteriaceae/enzimologia , Enterobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , beta-Lactamases/biossíntese , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Infecções Assintomáticas/epidemiologia , Sequência de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Bacteriano/isolamento & purificação , Enterobacteriaceae/classificação , Enterobacteriaceae/genética , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/microbiologia , Fezes/microbiologia , Feminino , Genes Bacterianos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , População Rural , Tailândia/epidemiologia , beta-Lactamases/genética
16.
Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health ; 42(5): 1065-71, 2011 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22299430

RESUMO

Sixty-eight residents of Ban Luang and Ban Pang Kae villages, in Nan Province, northern Thailand, visited our mobile field station in September 2006 and March 2007, seeking treatment for taeniasis. After treatment, 22 cases discharged tapeworm strobila in their fecal samples and 17 scolices were recovered. Among these, 3 were morphologically abnormal, with six suckers on the scolex. To confirm the species of these tapeworms, the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene was used as a molecular marker. The partial COI sequences (800 bp) of the abnormal tapeworms were identical to the sequences of Taenia saginata deposited in Genbank.


Assuntos
Fezes/parasitologia , Taenia saginata/genética , Teníase/parasitologia , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Feminino , Parasitologia de Alimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Carne/parasitologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Taenia saginata/parasitologia , Tailândia/epidemiologia
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22299460

RESUMO

Hookworm infection is associated with anemia, especially among children and deworming can improve anemic status; however, little information is available about the degree to which anemia improves after deworming. We chose hookworm-endemic rural areas of Thailand, Nan Province in the north, Kanchanaburi Province in the west and Nakhon Si Thammarat Province in the south, to evaluate this problem. Subjects were selected by primary school-based stool egg examinations. Blood tests of 182 hookworm-positive primary school children, composed of 22 heavy, 65 moderate and 95 light infections, were compared with a control group of 57 children who were helminth-free both before and after receiving deworming medicine. Before deworming, the red blood cell (RBC), hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit (Hct), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) and albumin levels of the hookworm-infected groups were significantly lower than the helminth-free control group. The Hb and Hct levels showed an inverse relationship with intensity of hookworm infection. After deworming, the Hb, Hct, total protein and albumin levels of the hookworm-infected children improved within 2 months to become comparable with the helminth-free control group. One year after deworming, the mean blood test results in the 2 groups were not significantly different from each other.


Assuntos
Anemia/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Uncinaria/tratamento farmacológico , Estado Nutricional , Adolescente , Albendazol/uso terapêutico , Anemia/epidemiologia , Anemia/etiologia , Anti-Helmínticos/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Doenças Endêmicas , Feminino , Infecções por Uncinaria/complicações , Infecções por Uncinaria/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Mebendazol/uso terapêutico , Inquéritos Nutricionais , População Rural , Tailândia/epidemiologia
18.
Korean J Parasitol ; 48(3): 225-9, 2010 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20877501

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to clarify the clinical features of Haplorchis taichui infection in humans in Nan Province, Thailand, and to correlate the clinical features with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)-like symptoms. In this study area, only H. taichui, but neither other minute intestinal flukes nor small liver flukes were endemic. The degree of infection was determined by fecal egg counts and also by collecting adult worms after deworming. The signs and symptoms of individual patients together with their hematological and biochemical laboratory data were gathered to evaluate the relationship between the clinical features and the severity of infection. Special emphasis was made to elucidate the possible similarities of the clinical features of H. taichui infection and IBS-like symptoms. The results showed useful clinical information and the significant (> 50%) proportion of haplorchiasis patients complained of abdominal pain, lassitude, and flatulence, which were the important diagnostic symptoms of IBS. This study has reported a possible link between H. taichui and IBS, and H. taichui might probably play a role in the etiology of these IBS-like symptoms.


Assuntos
Heterophyidae/isolamento & purificação , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/parasitologia , Infecções por Trematódeos/parasitologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Criança , Fezes/parasitologia , Feminino , Heterophyidae/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tailândia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg ; 104(6): 433-7, 2010 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20427064

RESUMO

A human trichinellosis outbreak caused by Trichinella papuae occurred in the Uthai Thani Province of Thailand in September 2007. A total of 34 villagers suffering at least one of the symptoms suggestive of trichinellosis, or those who were asymptomatic but had a history of ingesting raw wild pig meat, were enrolled in the study. Twenty-two villagers had ingested undercooked pork from a hunted wild pig (Sus scrofa). One patient with a severe clinical picture was hospitalised and more than 80 non-encapsulated larvae were detected in the muscle biopsy. The larvae were identified as T. papuae by molecular analyses of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene and the expansion segment 5 (ES5) of the large subunit rRNA. Of the 34 suspected cases, 27 agreed to be subjected to haematological and serological tests. Immunoblot analysis using crude antigens from T. spiralis muscle larvae revealed anti-Trichinella IgG in 20 of the 26 serum samples (1 serum sample could not be analysed). All infected people were successfully treated with mebendazole; the one patient with severe symptomatology was treated successfully with prednisolone.


Assuntos
Antinematódeos/uso terapêutico , Mebendazol/uso terapêutico , Prednisolona/uso terapêutico , Trichinella/genética , Triquinelose/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Animais , Animais Selvagens , Criança , DNA de Helmintos/genética , Surtos de Doenças , Feminino , Contaminação de Alimentos , Humanos , Larva/genética , Masculino , Carne , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Sus scrofa , Tailândia , Resultado do Tratamento , Trichinella/classificação , Trichinella/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Adulto Jovem
20.
J Antimicrob Chemother ; 65(4): 666-8, 2010 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20106863

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of CTX-M beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in stool specimens obtained from healthy individuals in a rural area of Thailand. METHODS: Bacteria in stool specimens were screened for extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) production on McConkey agar with cefotaxime and confirmed by the double-disc synergy test. Genetic detection and genotyping of CTX-M-type ESBL was performed by PCR with bacterial DNA extracted from isolates. RESULTS: A markedly high number (82 of 141, 58.2%) of the specimens showed the presence of CTX-M beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae, as confirmed by both phenotypic and genetic examinations. The majority of the CTX-M beta-lactamase-producing bacteria were Escherichia coli (85.1%). CONCLUSIONS: The study revealed the wide dissemination of CTX-M beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in the healthy population.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/biossíntese , Portador Sadio/epidemiologia , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/epidemiologia , Enterobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Fezes/microbiologia , beta-Lactamases/biossíntese , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Portador Sadio/microbiologia , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/microbiologia , Genótipo , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Prevalência , Tailândia/epidemiologia
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