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1.
Cancer ; 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049359

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although rituximab-based high-dose therapy is frequently used in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients undergoing autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (auto-HCT), data supporting the benefits are not available. Herein, we report the impact of rituximab-based conditioning on auto-HCT outcomes in patients who have DLBCL. METHODS: Using the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR) registry, 862 adult DLBCL patients undergoing auto-HCT between 2003 and 2017 using BEAM (BCNU, etoposide, cytarabine, melphalan) conditioning regimen were included. All patients received frontline rituximab-containing chemoimmunotherapy and had chemosensitive disease pre-HCT. Early chemoimmunotherapy failure was defined as not achieving complete remission (CR) after frontline chemoimmunotherapy or relapse within 1 year of initial diagnosis. The primary outcome was overall survival (OS). RESULTS: The study cohort was divided into 2 groups: BEAM (n = 667) and R-BEAM (n = 195). On multivariate analysis, no significant difference was seen in OS (P = .83) or progression-free survival (PFS) (P = .61) across the 2 cohorts. No significant association between the use of rituximab and risk of relapse (P = .15) or nonrelapse mortality (P = .12) was observed. Variables independently associated with lower OS included older age at auto-HCT (P < .001), absence of CR at auto-HCT (P < .001) and early chemoimmunotherapy failure (P < .001). Older age (P < .0002) and non-CR pre-HCT (P < .0001) were also associated with inferior PFS. There was no significant difference in early infectious complications between the 2 cohorts. CONCLUSION: In this large registry analysis of DLBCL patients undergoing auto-HCT, the addition of rituximab to the BEAM conditioning regimen had no impact on transplantation outcomes. Older age, absence of CR pre auto-HCT, and early chemoimmunotherapy failure were associated with inferior survival.

2.
Support Care Cancer ; 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31916007

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Cancer has long-term financial consequences. Adolescent and young adult (AYA) and middle-aged cancer survivors may experience more financial toxicity than older adults. This study examined age differences in financial distress in hematopoietic cell transplant survivors and whether these differences result from measurement bias, more financial barriers to care, or an overall higher level of distress. METHODS: Hematologic malignancy survivors (n = 1135, 2-10 years post-transplant) completed the Cancer and Treatment Distress Scale (CTXD) and demographics as part of the baseline assessment for a randomized clinical trial. The CTXD has seven subscales, but for this study, we examined the financial distress subscale and the overall score. Item response theory analyses tested for bias by age and gender. Multivariate linear regression tested the association of age and gender with the CTXD scores while controlling for financial barriers to care. RESULTS: No bias was found on the CTXD. AYA (p < 0.01) and middle-aged adults (p < 0.001) reported more financial and overall distress than older (age 65+) adults. The same association of age and financial distress was observed in women (p < 0.01). However, only middle-aged men (p < 0.01) reported more financial and overall distress than older men; AYA men did not (p > 0.18). Financial barriers to care were not associated with financial or overall distress. CONCLUSIONS: Part of the increase in financial distress with younger age may be due to a higher risk of general distress. Policy initiatives to control cancer costs should consider life stage and the unique financial challenges at different ages for men and women.

3.
Br J Haematol ; 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31958160

RESUMO

T-cell large granular lymphocytic leukaemia (T-LGLL) is a chronic clonal lymphoproliferative disorder of cytotoxic T lymphocytes which commonly occurs in older patients and is often associated with autoimmune diseases. Among 246 patients with T-LGLL seen at our institution over the last 10 years, we encountered 15 cases following solid organ or haematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Here, we studied the clinical characterization of these cases and compared them to de novo T-LGLL. This experience represented a clear picture of the intricate nature of the disease manifestation and the complexities of several immune mechanisms triggering the clonal expansion.

4.
Cancer ; 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31913498

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thromboprophylaxis is routinely used with lenalidomide-based regimens in multiple myeloma because of a substantial risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). However, little is known about the incidence of VTE with contemporary lenalidomide-based regimens. The objective of the current study was to estimate the incidence of VTE despite thromboprophylaxis with currently used lenalidomide-based regimens in patients with myeloma. METHODS: The Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane databases were queried from study inception to January 2019 for keywords to cover the following concepts: "lenalidomide," "venous thromboembolism," and "multiple myeloma." Phase 1, 2, and 3 clinical trials evaluating lenalidomide-based regimens with thromboprophylaxis were included. The pooled incidence rate of VTE was estimated using a random-effects model. RESULTS: The search generated 1372 citations, with 51 clinical trials and 9069 patients included for analysis. The most common thromboprophylaxis agents were aspirin, low-molecular-weight heparin or warfarin, administered either per risk-stratification or at investigators' discretion. The pooled incidence of VTE in trials of patients who had newly diagnosed and relapsed/refractory myeloma was 6.2% (95% CI, 5.4%-7.1%) over median treatment durations ranging from 2 to 34 cycles, which translated into 1.2 VTE events per 100 patient-cycles (95% CI, 0.9-1.7 VTE events per 100 patient-cycles). Among contemporary regimens, the risk of VTE was low with combined lenalidomide and low-dose dexamethasone (0.2 [95% CI, 0.1-0.6] events/100 patient-cycles) and lenalidomide maintenance (0.0 [95% CI, 0.0-0.7] events per 100 patient-cycles). VTE risk was higher with combined lenalidomide and low-dose dexamethasone plus proteasome inhibitors (1.3 [95% CI, 0.7-2.3] events per 100 patient-cycles). CONCLUSIONS: Despite adequate thromboprophylaxis, lenalidomide-based regimens have a substantial risk of VTE in controlled clinical trial settings. Further studies are needed on new thromboprophylaxis strategies with regimens that have a high VTE risk.

5.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 26(2): 262-271, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610237

RESUMO

Optimal administration of busulfan (Bu) is hampered by variable and unpredictable drug metabolism in individual patients. At our institution, Bu was previously administered with fixed weight-based dosing (WBD) in combination with cyclophosphamide (Cy) and etoposide (E) for patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) undergoing autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). In 2014, we adopted real-time pharmacokinetic (PK)-guided therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of Bu for all NHL patients undergoing Bu-containing ASCT. Here we compare outcomes of NHL patients who underwent ASCT with Bu/Cy/E using WBD and those who did so using TDM of Bu. We studied 336 consecutive adult NHL patients who underwent ASCT with Bu/Cy/E using WBD from January 2007 to December 2013 (n = 258) or TDM from May 2014 to December 2017 (n = 78), excluding patients with mantle cell lymphoma. Clinical outcomes, including relapse, nonrelapse mortality (NRM), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS), hepatotoxicity and pulmonary toxicity were compared in the 2 groups. To adjust for differences in baseline characteristics between the groups, propensity-matched cohorts of WBD and TDM patients were also studied. After the first dose of Bu, the dose was increased in 36% of the patients and decreased in 41%. Changes in pulmonary and liver function from baseline to transplantation were not different between the 2 groups, although these changes showed significantly less variability with TDM than with WBD. Relapse was significantly lower and PFS was improved with TDM; 2-year estimates were 19% for TDM and 38% for WBD for relapse (P = .004) and 69% and 55%, respectively, for PFS (P = .038). No significant between-group differences in NRM or OS were seen. In multivariable analysis, TDM remained prognostic for lower risk of relapse (hazard ratio [HR], .52; 95% confidence interval [CI], .30 to .89; P = .018), but did not remain prognostic for PFS (HR, .74; 95% CI, .48 to 1.16; P = .19). Propensity-matched cohorts displayed similar patterns of outcomes. In subset analysis based on disease status at ASCT, TDM was associated with less relapse and better PFS than WBD for patients who underwent transplantation in less than complete remission (CR) compared with those who underwent transplantation in CR. Compared with WBD, PK-directed TDM of Bu reduces the incidence of relapse when used in combination with Cy and E for patients with NHL undergoing ASCT, particularly for patients in less than CR. These data support the continued use of personalized PK-guided dosing for all NHL patients undergoing ASCT with Bu-containing preparative regimens.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31810888

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary care physicians (PCPs) may face barriers to caring for hematologic malignancy and hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) survivors. METHODS: A Web-based survey consisting of 40 questions and 2 case scenarios was administered to 302 PCPs at 2 large integrated health care systems. The questionnaire assessed perceived barriers to delivery of care to hematologic malignancy/HCT survivors, resources available to care for cancer survivors, practices for care coordination with hematologist-oncologists, and preferred models of care delivery. RESULTS: Overall response rate was 30% (n = 86). PCPs reported several barriers such as lack of resources to facilitate care (69%), lack of awareness of screening/prevention guidelines (55%) and psychosocial needs of survivors (65%), inadequate time (65%), and patient preference to follow up with their oncologists (66%). They expressed confidence in caring for general medical issues (84%) and general cancer screening (73%), but they preferred that oncologists manage cancer-related medical issues (42%) as well as screen for cancer recurrence (52%) and secondary cancers (55%). In multivariable analysis, PCPs who had previously cared for a large number of hematologic malignancy/HCT survivors and those with a longer time since graduation from medical school had greater confidence in managing cancer-related medical issues. CONCLUSION: PCPs report several barriers in providing care to hematologic malignancy/HCT survivors. Clinical experience with this patient population is associated with greater confidence in providing survivorship care. Several barriers identified by PCPs in providing survivorship care to hematologic malignancy/HCT survivors are potentially addressable by education and clinical decision support tools and guidelines, thereby enhancing the patients' clinical experience and care coordination with hematologist-oncologists.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31881183

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and disease are common infectious complications after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT). Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I chain-related gene A (MICA) is a ligand of the natural killer (NKG2D) receptor on immune effector cells that helps mediate NK cell alloreactivity. We hypothesized that MICA polymorphisms may influence CMV infection and disease incidence after alloHCT. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 423 adults at the Cleveland Clinic with hematologic malignancies treated with a matched related or unrelated donor alloHCT. CMV cases analyzed included a compositive of instances of viral copy replication above detection limits as well as any biopsy-proven tissue invasive disease episodes. Genotypes at the MICA-129 position have been categorized as weak (valine/valine; V/V), intermediate (methionine/valine; M/V), or strong (methionine/methionine; M/M) receptor affinity. RESULTS: In multivariable analysis, V/V donor MICA-129 genotype was associated with CMV infection and disease (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.40; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.00-1.96; p = .05), but not MICA mismatch (HR = 1.38; 95% CI, 0.83-2.29; p = .22). There was no association of acute or chronic GVHD with MICA donor-recipient mismatch (HR = 1.05; 95% 95% CI, 0.66-1.68; p = .83 and HR = 0.94; 95% CI, 0.51-1.76; p = .85, respectively) or V/V donor MICA-129 genotypes (HR = 1.02; 95% CI, 0.79-1.31; p = .89 and HR = 0.89; 95% CI, 0.65-1.22; p = .47, respectively). CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that the donor MICA-129 V/V genotype with weak NKG2D receptor binding affinity is associated with an increased risk of CMV infection and disease after alloHCT.

8.
Transpl Infect Dis ; : e13217, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31769584

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Infections are the most common cause of non-relapse mortality in adult allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (allo HSCT) recipients. Acute gastrointestinal graft-vs-host disease (GI GVHD) often leads to friable mucosa as well as treatment interventions which can increase risk of infection. Our primary objective was to describe the relationship between increasing grades of acute GI GVHD and incidence of bloodstream infections (BSI). METHODS: We reviewed 441 adults who underwent allo HSCT from 2011 to 2017 and were clinically diagnosed with GI GVHD, non-GI GVHD, or no GVHD based on the modified Glucksberg scale within the first 100 days of transplantation. The maximum grades of acute GI GVHD and non-GI GVHD were used in the analysis. BSI was defined based on the presence of a blood culture positive for bacteria or fungi and treatment with antibiotics. The incidence of BSI within the first 180 days of transplantation was estimated with the cumulative incidence method. Fine and Gray regression was used to assess association between clinical grade of acute GI GVHD and BSI risk, adjusting for grade of non-GI GVHD and for other significant baseline patient risk factors for BSI identified by multivariable analysis. Results are shown as hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). A similar analysis was conducted in 130 patients with histologic grade of acute GI GVHD. RESULTS: Overall BSI incidence by day 180 was 32%; gram-negative bacilli were the predominant organisms, followed by gram-positive cocci and fungi. Patients with grade 4 acute GI GVHD had higher risk of BSI as compared to patients with no GI GVHD (HR 2.98, CI 1.65-5.37, P < .001), while those with grade 3 acute GI GVHD had similar BSI risk (HR 0.89, CI 0.36-2.21, P = .81). Grade of GI GVHD had no association with risk of non-BSI. Results were similar in patients with histologic grade acute GI GVHD. Patients who developed BSI or non-BSI had significantly higher overall mortality risk compared to those without infectious complications (HR 2.52, CI 1.92-3.31, P < .001 for BSI; HR 1.60, CI 1.20-2.13, P = .001 for non-BSI). CONCLUSIONS: Grade 4 acute GI GVHD is associated with a higher risk of BSI, which is in turn associated with a higher risk of overall mortality in this population. Understanding the relationships between acute GI GVHD, BSI, and overall mortality can guide future treatment strategies for adult allo HSCT recipients.

9.
Br J Haematol ; 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713857

RESUMO

Beginning early in childhood, patients with sickle cell disease [SCD; a group of genetic haemoglobin disorders characterized by the sickle or HbS mutation (HBB E7V)] are at risk of life-threatening and debilitating health events. Despite the high morbidity and mortality of this disease, haematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), a curative therapy for SCD, remains underutilized. A variety of factors, including the limited availability of suitable donors, play a role in this trend, but do not fully explain the low frequency with which this therapy is employed. The objective of this study was to identify paediatric haematologists' attitudes about HCT as a treatment option for SCD, and to describe the impact of these attitudes on their practices of discussing HCT with families of children affected by this disease. A nationwide survey of paediatric haematologists in the United States was conducted between February and May 2016. Two hundred and eighty-seven surveys were included in the final analysis (response rate 20%). On average, respondents reported informing 42% of families about HCT as a treatment option (N = 248, 95% confidence interval: 38-46). Clinician attitudes about the cost and safety of HCT were associated with practices of discussing this therapy with families. These findings suggest that clinician attitudes and referral practices may play a role in the underutilization of this therapy in the SCD population.

10.
Support Care Cancer ; 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31729567

RESUMO

PURPOSE: INSPIRE (INteractive Survivorship Program with Information and REsources) is an online health program that includes a mobile app, website, health action plan, and individualized survivorship care plans for adult hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) survivors. The INSPIRE program integrates two previously effective randomized control trials that tested an internet-based program and patient-centered survivorship care plans for HCT survivors. METHODS: Three focus groups were conducted with a total of 22 participants (20 patients, 2 caregivers/patient advocates) to explore patient and caregiver preferences and to optimize the patient-centered emphasis of INSPIRE. Adult (age > 18 years at the time of study entry) HCT recipients had to be at least 1-year post-HCT to participate; caregivers/patient advocates were also eligible. Participants had to be able to communicate in English, could have any diagnosis, transplant type, or donor source, and could have had multiple transplants. RESULTS: All patient participants received an allogeneic HCT; average time since HCT was 8 years (range 2-22 years). The majority of participants were female (77.3%). Overall, the tools were well received by participants in this study, particularly the personalized features of all the tools. Major themes included interest in having the ability to tailor features to individual needs, and an interest in tracking information over time. DISCUSSION: Engaging patients and caregivers is invaluable to optimize tools designed to improve HCT survivorship care. Print, online, and mobile-based tools, tailored to individual patients' treatment history and requisite follow-up care, can provide otherwise unavailable expertise and guidelines for care.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740767

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT) is a highly specialized procedure. We surveyed adult transplant centers in the United States (US) and then used data reported to the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR) (2008-2010) to evaluate associations of center volume, infrastructure, and care delivery models with survival post alloHCT. Based on their 2010 alloHCT volume, centers were categorized as low-volume (≤40 alloHCTs; N = 42 centers, 1900 recipients) or high-volume (>40 alloHCTs; N = 41 centers, 9637 recipients). 100-day survival was 86% (95% CI, 85-87%) in high-volume compared with 83% (95% CI, 81-85%) in low-volume centers (difference 3%; P < 0.001). One-year survival was 62% (95% CI, 61-63%) and 56% (95% CI, 54-58%), respectively (difference 6%; P < 0.001). Logistic regression analyses adjusted for patient and center characteristics; alloHCT at high-volume centers (odds ratio [OR] 1.32; P < 0.001) and presence of a survivorship program dedicated to HCT recipients (OR 1.23; P = 0.009) were associated with favorable 1-year survival compared to low-volume centers. Similar findings were observed in a CIBMTR validation cohort (2012-2014); high-volume centers had better 1-year survival (OR 1.24, P < 0.001). Among US adult transplant centers, alloHCT at high-volume centers and at centers with survivorship programs is associated with higher 1-year survival.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31628924

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Busulfan/cyclophosphamide (Bu/Cy) and busulfan/fludarabine (Bu/Flu) are both standard myeloablative conditioning (MAC) regimens for allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT). We compared the effectiveness of these regimens with a focus on quality of life (QOL). METHODS: This was a single center, retrospective analysis of adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients who underwent a first T-cell replete HLA-8/8 matched related or unrelated donor alloHCT. Patients received a myeloablative regimen of either parenteral Bu/Cy or Bu/Flu. Outcomes assessed included infections, graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD), relapse, relapse mortality (RM), relapse-free survival (RFS), nonrelapse mortality (NRM), overall survival (OS), and QOL. RESULTS: From 2008 to 2017, 126 AML and 84 MDS adult patients age ≥18 years were identified meeting inclusion criteria. In terms of QOL, there were no significant differences between Bu/Cy and Bu/Flu cohorts in the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Bone Marrow Transplant Scale (FACT-BMT) scores or mucositis severity for either AML or MDS patients. Amongst AML patients, those receiving Bu/Flu had more rapid neutrophil and platelet recovery and a shorter length of hospital stay (LOS); there were no differences in the other posttransplant outcomes. Similarly, amongst MDS patients, those receiving Bu/Flu had more rapid platelet recovery and a shorter LOS as well as more CMV infections, but less NRM and no differences in other outcomes. CONCLUSION: We confirmed that myeloablative Bu/Flu conditioning has comparable clinical and QOL outcomes to Bu/Cy.

13.
Haematologica ; 2019 09 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31558669

RESUMO

Cytogenetic risk stratification at diagnosis has long been one of the most useful tools to assess prognosis in acute lymphoblastic leukemia. To examine the prognostic impact of cytogenetic abnormalities on outcomes after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation, we studied 1731 adults with Philadelphia-negative acute lymphoblastic leukemia in complete remission who underwent myeloablative or reduced intensity/non-myeloablative conditioning transplant from unrelated or matched sibling donors reported to Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research. A total of 632 patients had abnormal conventional metaphase cytogenetics. Patients with abnormal cytogenetics had 40% leukemia-free survival and 42% overall survival at 5-years post-transplant, which was similar to those with normal karyotype. Of the previously established cytogenetic risk classifications, modified Medical Research Council-Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group score was the only independent prognosticator of leukemia-free survival (p=0.03). In the multivariable analysis, monosomy 7 predicted post-transplant relapse (hazard ratio=2.11; 95% confidence interval, 1.04-4.27) and treatment failure (hazard ratio=1.97; 1.20-3.24). Complex karyotype was prognostic for relapse (hazard ratio=1.69; 1.06-2.69), whereas t(8;14) predicted treatment failure (hazard ratio=2.85; 1.35-6.02) and overall mortality (hazard ratio=3.03; 1.44-6.41). This large study suggested a novel transplant-specific cytogenetic scheme with adverse (monosomy 7, complex karyotype, del(7q), t(8;14), t(11;19), del(11q), tetraploidy/near triploidy), intermediate (normal karyotype and all other abnormalities), and favorable (high hyperdiploidy) risks to prognosticate leukemia-free survival (p=0.02). Although some previously established high-risk Philadelphia-negative cytogenetic abnormalities of acute lymphoblastic leukemia can be overcome by transplant, monosomy 7, complex karyotype, and t(8;14) continue to pose significant risks and yield inferior outcomes.

14.
Transpl Infect Dis ; 21(6): e13175, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539459

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Antibiotic allergy de-labeling using penicillin allergy skin testing (PAST) can reduce the use and cost of alternative, non-ß-lactam antibiotics in general inpatient populations. This strategy's role in hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients is unclear. METHODS: This study aimed to determine the effect of a pre-transplant PAST protocol on antibiotic use, days of therapy (DOT), and cost in an immunocompromised population at a single center from 7/1/2010-2/1/2019. Patients who received chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy and those who underwent transplantation in the outpatient setting were excluded. RESULTS: Of 1560 patients who underwent inpatient HSCT during the study period, 208 reported ß-lactam allergy (136/844 [16%] pre- and 72/716 [10%] post-implementation; P < .001). PAST was performed on 7% and 54% of HSCT recipients pre- and post-implementation, respectively. Only two positive PAST were noted. There were no adverse reactions to PAST. There were no significant differences in the disease and transplant characteristics between the two groups. Days of therapy and cost of alternative antibiotics significantly decreased post-implementation (mean 788 vs 627 days, P = .01; mean $24 425 vs $17 518, P = .009). CONCLUSION: Penicillin allergy skin testing adjudicates reported ß-lactam allergy in HSCT recipients, lowering use, DOT, and cost of alternative antibiotics and promoting effective formulary agents to treat immunocompromised HSCT recipients.

15.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(12): 2522-2526, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31525493

RESUMO

Autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (AHCT) is standard therapy for patients with chemosensitive, relapsed, diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). We performed a retrospective cohort study to delineate subsequent (conditional) and relative survival in 371 adult patients with DLBCL who underwent AHCT between 2000 and 2014 and had survived for 1, 2, 3, or 5 years after transplant. The probability of overall survival at 10 years after AHCT was 62%, 71%, 77%, and 86%, respectively, for the 4 cohorts, whereas that of progression-free survival (PFS) was 55%, 65%, 72%, and 81%, respectively. The respective cumulative incidence of nonrelapse mortality (NRM) at 10 years after transplantation was 13%, 12%, 11%, and 8%, respectively. In multivariable analysis, older age was associated with greater mortality risk among all but 5-year survivors; relapse within the landmark time was associated with greater mortality risk in all groups. Older age and relapse within the landmark time were associated with worse PFS in all groups. Standardized mortality ratio (SMR) was significantly higher than an age-, gender-, and race-matched general population, with the magnitude of SMR decreasing as the landmark time increased (4.0 for 1-year, 3.0 for 2-year, 2.4 for 3-year, and 1.8 for 5-year survivors). Our study provides information on long-term survival and prognosis that will assist in counseling patients with DLBCL who have received AHCT. Survival improves with longer time in remission post-transplant, although patients continue to remain at risk for NRM, underscoring the need for continued vigilance and prevention of late complications.

16.
Blood Adv ; 3(18): 2732-2737, 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31530545

RESUMO

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are generated during pathologic processes, and their assessment can be used to diagnose and monitor a variety of diseases. Given the role of the microbiome in graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), we hypothesized that microorganisms producing volatile metabolites may alter VOCs expelled in breath in patients with gastrointestinal (GI) GVHD. In this pilot study, exhaled breath samples were obtained from 19 patients with grade 2 to 4 acute GI GVHD, 10 patients with no GVHD at day 100, and 10 healthy control subjects; the samples were analyzed by using mass spectrometry. Overall, nine (47%) patients had grade 2 GVHD, eight (42%) patients had grade 3 GVHD, and two (11%) patients had grade 4 GVHD; 26% had upper GI, 21% had lower GI, and 53% had both upper and lower GI manifestations. Stepwise canonical discriminant analysis identified 5 VOCs distinguishing patients with and without GI GVHD: 2-propanol, acetaldehyde, dimethyl sulfide, isoprene, and 1-decene (Wilks' Λ, 0.43; F statistic, 6.08; P = .001). The model correctly classified 89% (17 of 19) and 90% (9 of 10) of patients with and without GI GVHD, respectively. Breath analysis is a feasible and promising noninvasive method to detect acute GI GVHD. Further study of serial breath analysis and the gut microbiome in a larger cohort are ongoing to validate these findings.

17.
J Clin Apher ; 34(6): 638-645, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31381194

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity has implications for hematopoietic progenitor cell (HPC) mobilization, chemotherapy administration, and medication dosing. We analyzed the impact of obesity on HPC mobilization as well as key outcomes that are associated with cell dose in autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (AHCT) recipients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study on 556 consecutive eligible AHCT recipients at our institution from 1/2004 to 12/2009. Patients were categorized into four groups based on the body mass index (BMI): underweight (BMI < 18.5), normal (18.5-24.9), overweight (25.0-29.9), or obese (≥30.0). Primary endpoints of interest included HPC mobilization, neutrophil and platelet recovery, hospital stay and survival. RESULTS: The diagnoses were mostly non-Hodgkin lymphoma, multiple myeloma, and Hodgkin lymphoma. The majority of the patients had received three or less prior chemotherapy regimens and had not received prior radiation therapy. Most patients had chemosensitive disease at time of transplant. For HPC mobilization regimen, 68% received chemotherapy and G-CSF, 32% received G-CSF alone. Busuflan/etoposide/cyclophosphamide, melphalan, and busulfan/cyclophosphamide were used for conditioning. Obesity did not correlate with HPC mobilization and had no association with neutrophil or platelet recovery, or length of transplant hospitalization. On multivariable analysis, obese patients demonstrated better survival than those who were not obese. CONCLUSION: Obese AHCT recipients had similar rates of HPC mobilization, neutrophil and platelet engraftment and length of transplant hospitalization, and experienced better survival compared with recipients with lower BMI. High BMI by itself should not be considered as a contraindication to AHCT.

18.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(11): e344-e351, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31279751

RESUMO

Most patients with large cell lymphoma are cured with frontline chemoimmunotherapy. For individuals with refractory disease and those who relapse after conventional therapies, chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells are an important treatment option and have led to remissions in otherwise refractory patients. In the pivotal trials, durable responses were achieved in approximately 40% to 50% of patients treated with axicabtagene ciloleucel, tisagenlecleucel, or lisocabtagene maraleucel, indicating that many patients will require subsequent treatment. Failure after CAR T cell therapy is caused by a variety of factors that can be divided into 3 broad categories: tumor intrinsic factors, other host factors, and inadequacies of the CAR T cells. Within this framework, this article reviews possible mechanisms of treatment failures and, based on the timing of relapse, considers potential salvage therapies and opportunities for future clinical studies.

19.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 60(14): 3544-3551, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31272258

RESUMO

We performed an observational study on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with AL amyloidosis diagnosed between 2012 and 2017 at our institution. A total of 81 patients were included, with a median age of 64 years. The mean FACT-G (Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General) total score at baseline (≤2 months from diagnosis) was 74 (±15), compared to a normative score of 80 (±18) in the general U.S. population. Significant HRQoL deficit was noted only in the functional well-being (FWB) domain of FACT-G. Using PROMIS-GH (Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System-Global Health) at baseline (n = 18), a greater deficit was noted in the global physical health (GPH) compared to global mental health (GMH) domain. FACT-FWB and PROMIS-GPH domain scores were able to significantly discriminate between revised Mayo stages. Development and validation of an amyloid-specific PRO instrument incorporating specific domains of interest is urgently needed to pursue patient-centered drug development.

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