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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32181636

RESUMO

The use of metallo-supramolecular polymer (MSP) as a thin-film-based redox supercapacitor electrode material is reported for the first time. Fe(II)- and Ru(II)-based MSPs (polyFe and polyRu, respectively) were synthesized by complexation of appropriate metal salts with 4',4″-(1,4-phenylene)bis-2,2':6',2″-terpyridine, and thin films of these polymers were prepared by spray coating onto an indium tin oxide glass substrate. A study of the energy storage performances of the polyFe and polyRu films in a nonaqueous electrolyte system revealed volumetric capacitances of ∼62.6 ± 3 F/cm3 for polyFe and 98.5 ± 7 F/cm3 for polyRu at a current density of 2 A/cm3. To improve the energy storage performance over a wider potential range, asymmetric supercapacitor (ASC) displays were fabricated with suitable combinations of the MSPs as cathodic materials and Prussian blue as the anodic counter material in a sandwich configuration with a transparent polymeric ion gel as the electrolyte. The fabricated ASCs showed a maximum volumetric energy density (∼10-18 mW h/cm3) that was higher than that of lithium thin-film batteries and a power density (7 W/cm3) comparable to that of conventional electrolyte capacitors, with superb cyclic stability for 10 000 cycles. To demonstrate the practical use of the MSP, the illumination of a light-emitting diode bulb was powered by a laboratory-made device. This work should inspire the development of high-performance thin-film flexible supercapacitors based on MSPs as active cathodic materials.

2.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(5): 2971-2978, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635635

RESUMO

Crystalline fullerene C70 microtubes (FMTs) were produced employing ultrasound-assisted liquid- liquid interfacial precipitation (ULLIP) technique at the interface between fullerene C70 solution in 1,2 dichlorobenzene (DCB) and isopropanol (IPA) at 15 °C. Using the vortex-flow motion of the subphase water (also called Vortex-Langmuir-Blodgett technique), the FMTs were aligned and homogeneous films were prepared at the air-water interface. The aligned FMTs film exhibited enhanced photoluminescence (PL) with PL intensity ~5 times higher than that of the pristine C70. Moreover, the aligned FMT film showed better photovoltaics properties compared with randomly oriented FMTs and pristine C70 film obtained from the spin coating. The compact, directional orientation and proper surface coverage of the FMT film enhanced the charge transport properties in the photovoltaic device.

3.
ACS Nano ; 13(12): 14005-14012, 2019 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794176

RESUMO

We report the production of fullerene microtubes (FMTs), having solid cores bisecting their tubular cavities, from solutions of mixtures of fullerene C60 and C70 and have demonstrated the structural transformation of FMTs to fullerene microhorns (FMHs) upon their exposure to alcohol/mesitylene mixtures at 25 °C. The conically shaped microhorns have hollow interiors and exhibit preferential recognition of silica particles over fullerene C70, polystyrene (PS) latex, PS hydroxylate, or PS carboxylate particles of similar dimensions due to strong electrostatic interactions between negatively charged FMHs and positively charged silica particles.

4.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 26(20): 20386-20399, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31102226

RESUMO

In this present study, adsorptive membranes for Cr(VI) ion removal were prepared by blending polyethersulfone (PES) with hydrous ferric oxide (HFO) nanoparticles (NPs). The effects of HFO NPs to PES weight ratio (0-1.5) on the physicochemical properties of the resultant HFO/PES adsorptive membranes were investigated with respect to the surface chemistry and roughness as well as structural morphologies using different analytical instruments. The adsorptive performance of the HFO NPs/PES membranes was studied via batch adsorption experiments under various conditions by varying solution pH, initial concentration of Cr(VI), and contact time. The results showed that the membrane made of HFO/PES at a weight ratio of 1.0 exhibited the highest adsorption capacity which is 13.5 mg/g. Isotherm and kinetic studies revealed that the mechanism is best fitted to the Langmuir model and pseudo-second-order model. For filtration of Cr(VI), the best promising membranes showed improved water flux (629.3 L/m2 h) with Cr(VI) ion removal of 75%. More importantly, the newly developed membrane maintained the Cr(VI) concentration below the maximum contamination level (MCL) for up to 9 h.


Assuntos
Cromo/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Férricos/química , Nanopartículas/química , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação , Adsorção , Cromo/química , Filtração/instrumentação , Filtração/métodos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Membranas Artificiais , Microscopia de Força Atômica , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Polímeros/química , Porosidade , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Sulfonas/química , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/instrumentação , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Purificação da Água/métodos
5.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(20): 17409-17418, 2018 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29697251

RESUMO

Luminescent materials possessing both the mechanoluminescence (MCL) and electroluminescence (EL) properties are the quest for sensing and optoelectronic applications. We report on the synthesis of a new tailor-made luminogen, 1,2-bis(4-(1-([1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl)-2,2-diphenylvinyl)phenyl)-1,2-diphenylethene (TPE 5), using Suzuki coupling reaction with high yield. An aggregation-induced emission (AIE) active complex TPE 5 forms supramolecular spherical aggregates at the air-water interface of a Langmuir trough. As a consequence, a large enhancement of luminescence is obtained from the mono- and multilayer Langmuir-Blodgett films of TPE 5 owing to the AIE effect. The luminogen TPE 5 exhibits a reversible MCL response, displaying photoluminescence switching due to change in the crystalline states under external stimuli. The unique feature of luminescence enhancement upon aggregate formation is utilized for the fabrication of light-emitting diodes with low threshold voltage using supramolecular aggregates as the active layer. This work demonstrates an efficient strategy for obtaining controlled supramolecular aggregates of AIEgen with a potential in the dual applications of MCL and EL.

6.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 18(3): 1741-1746, 2018 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29448653

RESUMO

We report on a flexible triboelectric nanogenerator (FTENG) designed using polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and aluminium (Al) combinations to convert ambient mechanical energy into electrical outputs. An open-circuit output voltage of ~40 V and short-circuit current density of ~63.6 mA m-2 with power density 0.62 W m-2 was easily obtained from the FTENG. The harvested mechanical energy is used for lighting ~100 light emitting diodes and to operate seven segment display enabling prospects for carbon-emission free environment friendly source for powering portable electronic devices. We have shown the capability of using the FTENG as self-powered weight and pressure sensors. Additionally, flexible design of the FTENG extends its application scope for self-powered tactile sensing in electronic skin for robotic application. The FTENG is simply designed, cost-effective, scalable and high-throughput for possible uses in flexible electronics, self-powered systems and body sensor networks.

7.
Small ; 13(15)2017 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28134490

RESUMO

Aggregation-induced emission (AIE) is commonly observed in irregular bulk form. Herein, unique aggregation properties of an AIE-active complex into branched supramolecular wires are reported for the first time. Mono-cyclometalated Ir(III) complex shows in-plane J-aggregation at the air-water interface owing to the restriction of intramolecular vibration of bidentate phenylpyridinato and intramolecular rotations of monodentate triphenylphosphine ligands at air-water interface. As a consequence, a large enhancement of luminescence comparable to the solid state is obtained from the monolayers of supramolecular wires. This unique feature is utilized for the fabrication of light-emitting diodes with low threshold voltage using supramolecular wires as active layer. This study opens up the need of ordered assembly of AIE complexes to achieve optimal luminescence characteristics.

8.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 17(12): 8159-65, 2015 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25728482

RESUMO

We report on the direct observation of ferroelectric switching and piezoelectric behaviour in ultrathin polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) films prepared by horizontal Langmuir-Schaefer (LS) technique. We have prepared pure ß-phase by just increasing the number of LS layers without using additional non-ferroelectric assisting agents. Edge-on oriented CH2-CF2 units of PVDF at the air-water interface enable self-orientation of ferroelectric dipoles by means of the hydrogen bonding network. Such restricted conformation of PVDF at the air-water interface results in an increased net dipole moment with the number of LS layers. The film's ferroelectric switching and piezoelectric sensitivity are demonstrated by hysteretic polarization switching loops and butterfly-loops, respectively. Successful circular domain writing on ultrathin LS film, down to 5 monolayers of PVDF, is demonstrated. The achievement of pure ß-phase of PVDF at room temperature without using any assisting agents may be promising for non-volatile memory and piezoelectric-based, ultrathin smart sensor devices.

9.
J Am Chem Soc ; 136(24): 8548-51, 2014 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24873554

RESUMO

Linear π-gelators self-assemble into entangled fibers in which the molecules are arranged perpendicular to the fiber long axis. However, orientation of gelator molecules in a direction parallel to the long axes of the one-dimensional (1-D) structures remains challenging. Herein we demonstrate that, at the air-water interface, an oligo(p-phenylenevinylene)-derived π-gelator forms aligned nanorods of 340 ± 120 nm length and 34 ± 5 nm width, in which the gelator molecules are reoriented parallel to the long axis of the rods. The orientation change of the molecules results in distinct excited-state properties upon local photoexcitation, as evidenced by near-field scanning optical microscopy. A detailed understanding of the mechanism by which excitation energy migrates through these 1-D molecular assemblies might help in the design of supramolecular structures with improved charge-transport properties.

10.
Langmuir ; 29(49): 15231-9, 2013 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24295322

RESUMO

Cellulose and cellulose derivatives have long been used as membrane fabrication. Langmuir monolayer behavior, which naturally mimics membranes, of acetoxypropyl cellulose (APC) and lead sulfide (PbS) nanowire mixtures at different volume ratios is reported. Surface pressure (π)-area (A) isotherms of APC and PbS nanowires mixtures at different volume ratios show a gradual decrease in the monolayer area with increasing volume fraction of PbS nanowires. Change of surface potential with monolayer area at different volume ratios also reveals a gradual increase in the surface potential indicating incorporation of PbS nanowires within APC matrix. The compressibility and elastic constants measurements reveal an enhancement of the elasticity upon incorporation of PbS nanowires up to certain volume fractions. An enhancement in stability of the blend is observed upon PbS nanowire incorporation to the APC matrix. Rheological measurements also support the robustness of the mixture of APC and PbS nanowires in 3D bulk phase. Such robust ultrathin films of cellulose based-nanowire blend obtained by means of the Langmuir technique may lead to novel routes for designing cellulosic-based thin films and membranes.


Assuntos
Celulose/química , Nanofios/química , Propriedades de Superfície
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