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1.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 175: 123-130, 2021 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33548317

RESUMO

The study focused on assessing quality parameters of the surimi incorporated with soluble dietary fibers apple pectin and konjac glucomannan at different levels. The results showed that apple pectin at 0.025% and konjac glucomannan at a 2% level exhibited improved gel-forming ability significantly (p < 0.05). SDS- PAGE revealed high molecular weight protein crosslinks in apple pectin treated surimi gels and disappearance of myosin bands in konjac glucomannan treated surimi gels. The water holding capacity of surimi was the highest when 0.075 g/100 g of apple pectin was added. Konjac glucomannan treated gels exhibited superior whiteness values. The analysis of soluble protein revealed that hydrophobic bonds increased in both the treatments. The hardness values of pectin gels enhanced as the level increased. Other TPA parameters are shown an inconsistent trend. It can be demonstrated that the incorporation of apple pectin and konjac glucomannan at a level of 0.025 and 2.0% may be a novel strategy to improve the gel strength of the surimi.

2.
Lett Appl Microbiol ; 71(4): 359-368, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32713031

RESUMO

Staphylococci from Sheedal of Northeast India was isolated, identified and characterized. All the isolated staphylococci were found to be coagulase negative. Based on the rpoB gene sequences followed by analysis using NCBI-BLAST software, seven species of Staphylococcus namely, S. piscifermentans, S. condimenti, S. arlettae, S. sciuri, S. warneri, S. nepalensis and S. hominis were recognized. Phylogenetic analyses revealed three major cluster groups. All the seven Staphylococcus showed their NaCl tolerance from 2 to 8%. No species was able to grow at 55°C. Except S. arlettae and S. sciuri, all the isolated staphylococcal species exhibited growth at pH 4-8. No isolated species was able to ferment mannitol, sucrose and arabinose. All the species exhibited moderate to maximum proteolytic and lipolytic activities. All the seven species were found to be sensitive to the antibiotics, namely, erythromycin, norfloxacin, ampicillin, streptomycin and vancomycin, whereas all were resistant to co-trimoxazole. Only S. piscifermentans was found antagonist to Salmonella enterica, Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis, although the clear zone was minimal. All the staphylococcal species except S. arlettae and S. sciuri exhibited hydrophobicity ranging from 25 to 66%. The observed characteristics of isolated Staphylococci from Sheedal revealed their role in fish fermentation.


Assuntos
Alimentos e Bebidas Fermentados/microbiologia , Produtos Pesqueiros/microbiologia , Staphylococcus/isolamento & purificação , Ampicilina/farmacologia , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Eritromicina/farmacologia , Fermentação , Peixes/microbiologia , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Índia , Filogenia , Staphylococcus/classificação , Staphylococcus/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus/genética
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