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J Pediatr Nurs ; 59: e13-e19, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33752933


PURPOSE: Pain is a distressing symptom for children and adolescents with cancer and is experienced by individuals differently. This study sought to determine subgroups according to their pain experiences, and how demographic, clinical, and quality of life (QOL)-related characteristics might differ across subgroups. DESIGN AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited 187 pediatric patients with cancer aged 8 to 17 years old and asked them to complete measures of pain intensity, pain duration, pain interference and pain control using the Chinese translation of the validated questionnaire from the Pain Squad app, as well as 7 PROMIS measures assessing QOL-related outcomes. Latent profile analysis (LPA) was used to identify latent subgroups. RESULTS: Three subgroups of children were identified: low-pain/low-duration (69.5%), moderate-pain/high-duration (19.8%), and high-pain/moderate-duration (10.7%). Hospitalized children were more likely to be in the moderate-pain/high-duration subgroup. Children in the high-pain/moderate-duration subgroup were more likely to be cared for by unemployed caregivers. Scores on depressive symptoms (p = 0.002), anger (p < 0.001), anxiety (p = 0.045), fatigue (p = 0.044), and mobility (p = 0.008) questionnaire were significantly worse in the high-pain/moderate-duration subgroup than the other two subgroup. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: This study provides a scientific foundation for further studies exploring predictive factors related to pain experiences. More targeted treatment strategies targeting the specific characteristics of each subgroup will help improve patients' QOL and use of medical resources. CONCLUSIONS: The 3 identified pain subgroups demonstrate the heterogeneity in pain experiences among pediatric patients with cancer. Knowledge of these subgroups can assist clinicians in better identifying and targeting pain treatment for children with cancer.

Neoplasias , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Neoplasias/complicações , Dor
Can J Pain ; 4(1): 162-167, 2020 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33987495


Background: Studies have been conducted describing the potential for using virtual care software during disasters and public health emergencies. However, limited data exist on ways in which the Canadian health care system utilizes virtual care during disasters or public health emergencies. Aims: Due to the need for social distancing and reduction of nonessential ambulatory services during the COVID-19 pandemic, the SickKids Chronic Pain Clinic sought to transition care delivery from in person to virtual. The virtual clinic aimed to reduce risks associated with physical contact and environmental exposure without reducing access to care itself. Methods: Harnessing of various digital tools including Ontario Telemedicine Network Guestlink, Zoom, and Microsoft Teams. The Chronic Pain Clinic Team worked together to communicate with patients and families, schedule virtual visits, establish remote access to clinical data collection tools, digitize the after-visit summary, and add resources on pain self-management to the clinic's website. Results: The Chronic Pain Clinic successfully transitioned all clinic appointments (multidisciplinary and individual; 77 appointments) over a 2-week period to virtual care. Virtual clinics did not surpass the usual time taken pre-COVID-19, suggesting that the clinic workflow was readily adaptable to virtual care. Conclusions: Access to quality virtual care is essential to prevent chronic pain from taking a toll on the lives of patients and families. Rapid establishment of a virtual clinic without gaps in service delivery to patients is possible given institutional support and a team culture centered around collaboration and flexibility.