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2.
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev ; 29(5): 927-935, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32156722

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The success of multisite collaborative research relies on effective data collection, harmonization, and aggregation strategies. Data Coordination Centers (DCC) serve to facilitate the implementation of these strategies. The utility of a DCC can be particularly relevant for research on rare diseases where collaboration from multiple sites to amass large aggregate datasets is essential. However, approaches to building a DCC have been scarcely documented. METHODS: The Li-Fraumeni Exploration (LiFE) Consortium's DCC was created using multiple open source packages, including LAM/G Application (Linux, Apache, MySQL, Grails), Extraction-Transformation-Loading (ETL) Pentaho Data Integration Tool, and the Saiku-Mondrian client. This document serves as a resource for building a rare disease DCC for multi-institutional collaborative research. RESULTS: The primary scientific and technological objective to create an online central repository into which data from all participating sites could be deposited, harmonized, aggregated, disseminated, and analyzed was completed. The cohort now include 2,193 participants from six contributing sites, including 1,354 individuals from families with a pathogenic or likely variant in TP53. Data on cancer diagnoses are also available. Challenges and lessons learned are summarized. CONCLUSIONS: The methods leveraged mitigate challenges associated with successfully developing a DCC's technical infrastructure, data harmonization efforts, communications, and software development and applications. IMPACT: These methods can serve as a framework in establishing other collaborative research efforts. Data from the consortium will serve as a great resource for collaborative research to improve knowledge on, and the ability to care for, individuals and families with Li-Fraumeni syndrome.

3.
Br J Cancer ; 122(8): 1231-1241, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32147670

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have enriched the fields of genomics and drug development. Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare cancer with a bimodal age distribution and inadequate treatment options. Paediatric ACC is frequently associated with TP53 mutations, with particularly high incidence in Southern Brazil due to the TP53 p.R337H (R337H) germline mutation. The heterogeneous risk among carriers suggests other genetic modifiers could exist. METHODS: We analysed clinical, genotype and gene expression data derived from paediatric ACC, R337H carriers, and adult ACC patients. We restricted our analyses to single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) previously identified in GWASs to associate with disease or human traits. RESULTS: A SNP, rs971074, in the alcohol dehydrogenase 7 gene significantly and reproducibly associated with allelic differences in ACC age-of-onset in both cohorts. Patients homozygous for the minor allele were diagnosed up to 16 years earlier. This SNP resides in a gene involved in the retinoic acid (RA) pathway and patients with differing levels of RA pathway gene expression in their tumours associate with differential ACC progression. CONCLUSIONS: These results identify a novel genetic component to ACC development that resides in the retinoic acid pathway, thereby informing strategies to develop management, preventive and therapeutic treatments for ACC.

4.
Int J Cancer ; 146(4): 1010-1017, 2020 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31286500

RESUMO

Over 10% of children with Wilms tumor (WT) have an underlying cancer predisposition syndrome (CPS). Cognizant of increasing demand for genetic evaluation and limited resources across health care settings, there is an urgent need to rationalize genetic referrals for this population. The McGill Interactive Pediatric OncoGenetic Guidelines study, a Canadian multi-institutional initiative, aims to develop an eHealth tool to assist physicians in identifying children at elevated risk of having a CPS. As part of this project, a decisional algorithm specific to WT consisting of five tumor-specific criteria (age <2 years, bilaterality/multifocality, stromal-predominant histology, nephrogenic rests, and overgrowth features) and universal criteria including features of family history suspicious for CPS and congenital anomalies, was developed. Application of the algorithm generates a binary recommendation-for or against genetic referral for CPS evaluation. To evaluate the algorithm's sensitivity for CPS identification, we retrospectively applied the tool in consecutive pediatric patients (n = 180) with WT, diagnosed and/or treated at The Hospital for Sick Children (1997-2016). Odds ratios were calculated to evaluate the strengths of associations between each criterion and specific CPS subtypes. Application of the algorithm identified 100% of children with WT and a confirmed CPS (n = 27). Age <2 years, bilaterality/multifocality, and congenital anomalies were strongly associated with pathogenic variants in WT1. Presence of >1 overgrowth feature was strongly associated with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome. Stromal-predominant histology did not contribute to CPS identification. We recommend the incorporation of the WT algorithm in the routine assessment of children with WT to facilitate prioritization of genetic referrals in a sustainable manner.

5.
Cancer Med ; 9(2): 447-459, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31755223

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Understanding the global impact of medulloblastoma on health related quality of life (HRQL) is critical to characterizing the broad impact of this disease and realizing the benefits of modern treatments. We evaluated HRQL in an international cohort of pediatric medulloblastoma patients. METHODS: Seventy-six patients were selected from 10 sites across North America, Europe, and Asia, who participated in the Medulloblastoma Advanced Genomics International Consortium (MAGIC). The Health Utilities Index (HUI) was administered to patients and/or parents at each site. Responses were used to determine overall HRQL and attributes (ie specific subdomains). The impact of various demographic and medical variables on HRQL was considered-including molecular subgroup. RESULTS: The majority of patients reported having moderate or severe overall burden of morbidity for both the HUI2 and HUI3 (HUI2 = 60%; HUI3 = 72.1%) when proxy-assessed. Self-care in the HUI2 was rated as higher (ie better outcome) for patients from Western versus Eastern sites, P = .02. Patients with nonmetastatic status had higher values (ie better outcomes) for the HUI3 hearing, HUI3 pain, and HUI2 pain, all P < .05. Patients treated with a gross total resection also had better outcomes for the HUI3 hearing (P = .04). However, those who underwent a gross total resection reported having worse outcomes on the HUI3 vision (P = .02). No differences in HRQL were evident as a function of subgroup. CONCLUSIONS: By examining an international sample of survivors, we characterized the worldwide impact of medulloblastoma. This is a critical first step in developing global standards for evaluating long-term outcomes.

6.
Clin Epigenetics ; 11(1): 144, 2019 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31639040

RESUMO

After publication of the original article [1], authors have requested to add a 'J' as middle name for Richard Gilbertson. Hence, full name should be Richard J Gilbertson.

7.
Clin Genet ; 96(5): 461-467, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31368132

RESUMO

Von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL) is a heritable condition caused by pathogenic variants in VHL and is characterized by benign and malignant lesions in the central nervous system (CNS) and abdominal viscera. Due to its variable expressivity, existing efforts to collate VHL patient data do not adequately capture all VHL manifestations. We developed a comprehensive and standardized VHL database in the web-based application, REDCap, that thoroughly captures all VHL manifestation data. As an initial trial, information from 86 VHL patients from the University Health Network/Hospital for Sick Children was populated into the database. Analysis of this cohort showed missense variants occurring with the greatest frequency, with all variants localizing to the α- or ß-domains of VHL. The most prevalent manifestations were central nervous system (CNS), renal, and retinal neoplasms, which were associated with frameshift variants and large deletions. We observed greater age-related penetrance for CNS hemangioblastomas with truncating variants compared to missense, while the reverse was true for pheochromocytomas. We demonstrate the utility of a comprehensive VHL database, which supports the standardized collection of clinical and genetic data specific to this patient population. Importantly, we expect that its web-based design will facilitate broader international collaboration and lead to a better understanding of VHL.

8.
Clin Epigenetics ; 11(1): 117, 2019 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31409384

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Histological grading of choroid plexus tumors (CPTs) remains the best prognostic tool to distinguish between aggressive choroid plexus carcinoma (CPC) and the more benign choroid plexus papilloma (CPP) or atypical choroid plexus papilloma (aCPP); however, these distinctions can be challenging. Standard treatment of CPC is very aggressive and often leads to severe damage to the young child's brain. Therefore, it is crucial to distinguish between CPC and less aggressive entities (CPP or aCPP) to avoid unnecessary exposure of the young patient to neurotoxic therapy. To better stratify CPTs, we utilized DNA methylation (DNAm) to identify prognostic epigenetic biomarkers for CPCs. METHODS: We obtained DNA methylation profiles of 34 CPTs using the HumanMethylation450 BeadChip from Illumina, and the data was analyzed using the Illumina Genome Studio analysis software. Validation of differentially methylated CpG sites chosen as biomarkers was performed using pyrosequencing analysis on additional 22 CPTs. Sensitivity testing of the CPC DNAm signature was performed on a replication cohort of 61 CPT tumors obtained from Neuropathology, University Hospital Münster, Germany. RESULTS: Generated genome-wide DNAm profiles of CPTs showed significant differences in DNAm between CPCs and the CPPs or aCPPs. The prediction of clinical outcome could be improved by combining the DNAm profile with the mutational status of TP53. CPCs with homozygous TP53 mutations clustered as a group separate from those carrying a heterozygous TP53 mutation or CPCs with wild type TP53 (TP53-wt) and showed the worst survival outcome. Specific DNAm signatures for CPCs revealed AK1, PER2, and PLSCR4 as potential biomarkers for CPC that can be used to improve molecular stratification for diagnosis and treatment. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate that combining specific DNAm signature for CPCs with histological approaches better differentiate aggressive tumors from those that are not life threatening. These findings have important implications for future prognostic risk prediction in clinical disease management.

9.
Cancer ; 125(20): 3514-3525, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31355930

RESUMO

Patients who are diagnosed with osteosarcoma (OS) today receive the same therapy that patients have received over the last 4 decades. Extensive efforts to identify more effective or less toxic regimens have proved disappointing. As we enter a postgenomic era in which we now recognize OS not as a cancer of mutations but as one defined by p53 loss, chromosomal complexity, copy number alteration, and profound heterogeneity, emerging threads of discovery leave many hopeful that an improving understanding of biology will drive discoveries that improve clinical care. Under the organization of the Bone Tumor Biology Committee of the Children's Oncology Group, a team of clinicians and scientists sought to define the state of the science and to identify questions that, if answered, have the greatest potential to drive fundamental clinical advances. Having discussed these questions in a series of meetings, each led by invited experts, we distilled these conversations into a series of seven Provocative Questions. These include questions about the molecular events that trigger oncogenesis, the genomic and epigenomic drivers of disease, the biology of lung metastasis, research models that best predict clinical outcomes, and processes for translating findings into clinical trials. Here, we briefly present each Provocative Question, review the current scientific evidence, note the immediate opportunities, and speculate on the impact that answered questions might have on the field. We do so with an intent to provide a framework around which investigators can build programs and collaborations to tackle the hardest problems and to establish research priorities for those developing policies and providing funding.

10.
J Pathol ; 249(3): 319-331, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236944

RESUMO

Despite being the most common childhood bone tumor, the genomic characterization of osteosarcoma remains incomplete. In particular, very few osteosarcoma metastases have been sequenced to date, critical to better understand mechanisms of progression and evolution in this tumor. We performed an integrated whole genome and exome sequencing analysis of paired primary and metastatic pediatric osteosarcoma specimens to identify recurrent genomic alterations. Sequencing of 13 osteosarcoma patients including 13 primary, 10 metastatic, and 3 locally recurring tumors revealed a highly heterogeneous mutational landscape, including cases of hypermutation and microsatellite instability positivity, but with virtually no recurrent alterations except for mutations involving the tumor suppressor genes RB1 and TP53. At the germline level, we detected alterations in multiple cancer related genes in the majority of the cohort, including those potentially disrupting DNA damage response pathways. Metastases retained only a minimal number of short variants from their corresponding primary tumors, while copy number alterations showed higher conservation. One recurrently amplified gene, KDR, was highly expressed in advanced cases and associated with poor prognosis. © 2019 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

11.
Nature ; 572(7767): 67-73, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31043743

RESUMO

Study of the origin and development of cerebellar tumours has been hampered by the complexity and heterogeneity of cerebellar cells that change over the course of development. Here we use single-cell transcriptomics to study more than 60,000 cells from the developing mouse cerebellum and show that different molecular subgroups of childhood cerebellar tumours mirror the transcription of cells from distinct, temporally restricted cerebellar lineages. The Sonic Hedgehog medulloblastoma subgroup transcriptionally mirrors the granule cell hierarchy as expected, while group 3 medulloblastoma resembles Nestin+ stem cells, group 4 medulloblastoma resembles unipolar brush cells, and PFA/PFB ependymoma and cerebellar pilocytic astrocytoma resemble the prenatal gliogenic progenitor cells. Furthermore, single-cell transcriptomics of human childhood cerebellar tumours demonstrates that many bulk tumours contain a mixed population of cells with divergent differentiation. Our data highlight cerebellar tumours as a disorder of early brain development and provide a proximate explanation for the peak incidence of cerebellar tumours in early childhood.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cerebelares/genética , Neoplasias Cerebelares/patologia , Evolução Molecular , Feto/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Transcrição Genética , Animais , Neoplasias Cerebelares/classificação , Cerebelo/citologia , Cerebelo/embriologia , Cerebelo/metabolismo , Criança , Feminino , Feto/citologia , Glioma/classificação , Glioma/genética , Glioma/patologia , Humanos , Meduloblastoma/classificação , Meduloblastoma/genética , Meduloblastoma/patologia , Camundongos , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Análise de Célula Única , Fatores de Tempo , Transcriptoma/genética
12.
J AAPOS ; 23(3): 182-185, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30974170

RESUMO

This case highlights the management of orbital rhabdomyosarcoma in a child with Li Fraumeni syndrome (LFS). Treatment with chemotherapy and eventual orbital exenteration enabled margin-free control of the tumor. Radiation therapy was avoided to reduce the risk of inducing additional malignancy. Reactive orbital hyperostosis was observed postoperatively and was confirmed with surgical biopsy of the orbital roof. In this case, systemic surveillance imaging, which is necessary in patients with LFS, revealed an adrenal cortical carcinoma.

13.
Cancer Res ; 79(9): 2208-2219, 2019 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30885981

RESUMO

Choroid plexus carcinoma (CPC) is a rare brain tumor that occurs most commonly in very young children and has a dismal prognosis despite intensive therapy. Improved outcomes for patients with CPC depend on a deeper understanding of the mechanisms underlying the disease. Here we developed transgenic models of CPCs by activating the Myc oncogene and deleting the Trp53 tumor suppressor gene in murine neural stem cells or progenitors. Murine CPC resembled their human counterparts at a histologic level, and like the hypodiploid subset of human CPC, exhibited multiple whole-chromosome losses, particularly of chromosomes 8, 12, and 19. Analysis of murine and human CPC gene expression profiles and copy number changes revealed altered expression of genes involved in cell cycle, DNA damage response, and cilium function. High-throughput drug screening identified small molecule inhibitors that decreased the viability of CPC. These models will be valuable tools for understanding the biology of choroid plexus tumors and for testing novel approaches to therapy. SIGNIFICANCE: This study describes new mouse models of choroid plexus carcinoma and uses them to investigate the biology and therapeutic responsiveness of this highly malignant pediatric brain tumor.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/patologia , Neoplasias do Plexo Corióideo/patologia , Células-Tronco Neurais/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/fisiologia , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/farmacologia , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/fisiologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma/genética , Neoplasias do Plexo Corióideo/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Plexo Corióideo/genética , Ensaios de Triagem em Larga Escala , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Células-Tronco Neurais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Neurais/metabolismo , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
15.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 66(5): e27629, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30719841

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Patients with germline TP53 pathogenic variants (Li-Fraumeni syndrome [LFS]) are at extremely high lifetime risk of developing cancer. Recent data suggest that tumor surveillance for patients with LFS may improve survival through early cancer detection. The objective of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of a cancer surveillance strategy for patients with LFS compared with those whose tumors present clinically. METHODS: A Markov decision analytic model was developed from a third-party payer perspective to estimate cost-effectiveness of routine cancer surveillance over a patient's lifetime. The model consisted of four possible health states: no cancer, cancer, post-cancer survivorship, and death. Model outcomes were costs (2015 United States Dollars [USD]), effectiveness (life years [LY] gained), and incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER; change in cost/LY gained). One-way sensitivity analyses and probabilistic sensitivity analyses examined parameter uncertainty. RESULTS: The model showed a mean cost of $46 496 and $117 102 and yielded 23 and 27 LY for the nonsurveillance and surveillance strategies, respectively. The ICER for early cancer surveillance versus no surveillance was $17 125 per additional LY gained. At the commonly accepted willingness to pay threshold of $100 000/life-year gained, surveillance had a 98% probability of being the most cost-effective strategy for early cancer detection in this high-risk population. CONCLUSIONS: Presymptomatic cancer surveillance is cost-effective for patients with germline pathogenic variants in TP53. Lack of insurance coverage or reimbursement in this population may have significant consequences and leads to undetected cancers presenting in later stages of disease with worse clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Análise Custo-Benefício , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/economia , Síndrome de Li-Fraumeni/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Li-Fraumeni/economia , Cadeias de Markov , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Síndrome de Li-Fraumeni/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
Nat Rev Dis Primers ; 5(1): 11, 2019 02 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30765705

RESUMO

Medulloblastoma (MB) comprises a biologically heterogeneous group of embryonal tumours of the cerebellum. Four subgroups of MB have been described (WNT, sonic hedgehog (SHH), Group 3 and Group 4), each of which is associated with different genetic alterations, age at onset and prognosis. These subgroups have broadly been incorporated into the WHO classification of central nervous system tumours but still need to be accounted for to appropriately tailor disease risk to therapy intensity and to target therapy to disease biology. In this Primer, the epidemiology (including MB predisposition), molecular pathogenesis and integrative diagnosis taking histomorphology, molecular genetics and imaging into account are reviewed. In addition, management strategies, which encompass surgical resection of the tumour, cranio-spinal irradiation and chemotherapy, are discussed, together with the possibility of focusing more on disease biology and robust molecularly driven patient stratification in future clinical trials.


Assuntos
Meduloblastoma/diagnóstico , Meduloblastoma/terapia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Meduloblastoma/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Fatores de Risco
17.
J Neurooncol ; 142(1): 39-48, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30607709

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Advances in the treatment of pediatric medulloblastoma have led to improved survival rates, though treatment-related toxicity leaves children with significant long-term deficits. There is significant variability in the cognitive outcome of medulloblastoma survivors, and it has been suggested that this variability may be attributable to genetic factors. The aim of this study was to explore the contributions of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in two genes, peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST), to changes in general intellectual functioning in medulloblastoma survivors. METHODS: Patients (n = 44, meanage = 6.71 years, 61.3% males) were selected on the basis of available tissue samples and neurocognitive measures. Patients received surgical tumor resection, craniospinal radiation, radiation boost to the tumor site, and multiagent chemotherapy. Genotyping analyses were completed using the Illumina Human Omni2.5 BeadChip, and 41 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were assessed across both genes. We used a machine learning algorithm to identify polymorphisms that were significantly associated with declines in general intellectual functioning following treatment for medulloblastoma. RESULTS: We identified age at diagnosis, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and eight SNPs associated with PPARs as predictors of general intellectual functioning. Of the eight SNPs identified, PPARα (rs6008197), PPARγ (rs13306747), and PPARδ (rs3734254) were most significantly associated with long-term changes in general intellectual functioning in medulloblastoma survivors. CONCLUSIONS: PPAR polymorphisms may predict intellectual outcome changes in children treated for medulloblastoma. Importantly, emerging evidence suggests that PPAR agonists may provide an opportunity to minimize the effects of treatment-related cognitive sequelae in these children.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer , Neoplasias Cerebelares/genética , Glutationa Transferase/genética , Inteligência/genética , Meduloblastoma/genética , Receptores Ativados por Proliferador de Peroxissomo/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Neoplasias Cerebelares/patologia , Neoplasias Cerebelares/psicologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Meduloblastoma/patologia , Meduloblastoma/psicologia
19.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 66(1): e27445, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30207072

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hereditary tumor predisposition syndromes (HTPSs) are being recognized more frequently in the etiology of pediatric cancer. Previous research indicates that disclosure of tumor susceptibility is a significant event in adolescents' lives. Insight into adolescents' adjustment to knowledge of their syndromes can guide healthcare delivery, particularly genetic counseling. This study explored the experiences of adolescents with hereditary tumor predisposition and their perceptions of living at risk. METHODS: Seven adolescents, ages 14 to 17, representing six different childhood-onset HTPSs, were purposively sampled and interviewed using a study-specific semistructured interview guide. We explored the disclosure process, support systems, and the perceived benefits and harms of knowledge of hereditary tumor susceptibility. Interview transcripts were analyzed via interpretive description. RESULTS: Three major themes emerged from the data: (1) The benefits of knowledge outweigh the harms; (2) context surrounding genetic testing must be recognized; and (3) self-concept is influenced but not defined by tumor risk. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that adolescents recognize the challenges associated with awareness of tumor predisposition but may also identify positive aspects in their experiences, reflecting a changed life perspective. Results of this exploratory study suggest strategies that can guide pretest and posttest genetic counseling of adolescents for HTPSs, facilitating the adaptive incorporation of genetic information into an adolescent's self-concept.


Assuntos
Aconselhamento Genético , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Síndromes Neoplásicas Hereditárias/genética , Síndromes Neoplásicas Hereditárias/psicologia , Adolescente , Feminino , Seguimentos , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Masculino , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Fam Cancer ; 18(1): 101-104, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29737433

RESUMO

The TP53 gene is fundamental to genomic integrity, cell cycle regulation, and apoptosis; it is the most commonly mutated gene in human cancer. Heterozygous germline mutations cause the autosomal dominant cancer predisposition syndrome, Li-Fraumeni Syndrome. Homozygous germline TP53 mutations in humans are rare. We report an infant from a consanguineous family who presented with synchronous malignancies. Remarkably, he carries a homozygous germline TP53 mutation (NM_000546.4:c.52delA), predicted to cause protein truncation. The family history is consistent with Li-Fraumeni syndrome.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/genética , Neoplasias do Plexo Corióideo/genética , Síndrome de Li-Fraumeni/genética , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/genética , Neoplasias Orbitárias/genética , Rabdomiossarcoma Embrionário/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Carcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Plexo Corióideo/diagnóstico por imagem , Consanguinidade , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Homozigoto , Humanos , Lactente , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Orbitárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Linhagem , Rabdomiossarcoma Embrionário/diagnóstico por imagem
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