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1.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-9, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32037948

RESUMO

The LyKID study is a nationwide survey in France of lymphoma patients with renal involvement based on biopsy and/or imaging, to evaluate its impact on disease outcome and renal function. A total of 87 adult cases of B or T-cell lymphomas were retrospectively analyzed. Interstitial topography was observed in most of the kidney biopsies (54/66; 80%). Kidney failure (glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min/1.73 m2) was present in 47% of patients and was associated with non-significantly different outcome. After lymphoma treatment, 44% of patients had persistent chronic kidney failure (CKF); kidney failure at diagnosis was the only parameter associated with CKF in multivariate analysis. DLBCL (diffuse large B-cell lymphomas) represented half of the series, with noticeably CNS (central neurological system) relapse in 17% patients, while fewer than one of two patients had received CNS prophylaxis. To our knowledge, the LyKID study represents the largest published non-autopsy lymphoma series with renal involvement.

2.
Mycoses ; 62(12): 1140-1147, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31520441

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Invasive fungal diseases (IFD) are life-threatening infections most commonly diagnosed in acute leukaemia patients with prolonged neutropenia and are uncommonly diagnosed in patients with lymphoproliferative diseases. OBJECTIVES: Following the initial report of aspergillosis diagnosed shortly after beginning ibrutinib for chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, a survey was developed to seek additional cases of IFD during ibrutinib treatment. METHODS: Local and international physicians and groups were approached for relevant cases. Patients were included if they met the following criteria: diagnosis of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia/non-Hodgkin lymphoma; proven or probable IFD; and ibrutinib treatment on the date IFD were diagnosed. Clinical and laboratory data were captured using REDCap software. RESULT: Thirty-five patients with IFD were reported from 22 centres in eight countries: 26 (74%) had chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. The median duration of ibrutinib treatment before the onset of IFD was 45 days (range 1-540). Aspergillus species were identified in 22 (63%) of the patients and Cryptococcus species in 9 (26%). Pulmonary involvement occurred in 69% of patients, cranial in 60% and disseminated disease in 60%. A definite diagnosis was made in 21 patients (69%), and the mortality rate was 69%. Data from Israel regarding ibrutinib treated patients were used to evaluate a prevalence of 2.4% IFD. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of IFD among chronic lymphocytic leukaemia/non-Hodgkin lymphoma patients treated with ibrutinib appears to be higher than expected. These patients often present with unusual clinical features. Mortality from IFD in this study was high, indicating that additional studies are urgently needed to identify patients at risk for ibrutinib-associated IFD.

3.
J Clin Immunol ; 39(7): 702-712, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401750

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Patients with primary immunodeficiency (PID) are at risk of serious complications. However, data on the incidence and causes of emergency hospital admissions are scarce. The primary objective of the present study was to describe emergency hospital admissions among patients with PID, with a view to identifying "at-risk" patient profiles. METHODS: We performed a prospective observational 12-month multicenter study in France via the CEREDIH network of regional PID reference centers from November 2010 to October 2011. All patients with PIDs requiring emergency hospital admission were included. RESULTS: A total of 200 admissions concerned 137 patients (73 adults and 64 children, 53% of whom had antibody deficiencies). Thirty admissions were reported for 16 hematopoietic stem cell transplantation recipients. When considering the 170 admissions of non-transplant patients, 149 (85%) were related to acute infections (respiratory tract infections and gastrointestinal tract infections in 72 (36%) and 34 (17%) of cases, respectively). Seventy-seven percent of the admissions occurred during winter or spring (December to May). The in-hospital mortality rate was 8.8% (12 patients); death was related to a severe infection in 11 cases (8%) and Epstein-Barr virus-induced lymphoma in 1 case. Patients with a central venous catheter (n = 19, 13.9%) were significantly more hospitalized for an infection (94.7%) than for a non-infectious reason (5.3%) (p = 0.04). CONCLUSION: Our data showed that the annual incidence of emergency hospital admission among patients with PID is 3.4%. The leading cause of emergency hospital admission was an acute infection, and having a central venous catheter was associated with a significantly greater risk of admission for an infectious episode.

4.
Am J Hematol ; 94(11): 1214-1226, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31396978

RESUMO

Lower-respiratory-tract (LRT) amyloidosis has rarely been investigated. Our study presents characteristics, outcomes and survival of LRT amyloidosis. This multicenter retrospective study, from 1995 to 2017, included 73 patients with amyloidosis and LRT involvement. Respiratory patterns were: tracheobronchial (n = 17), nodular (n = 10), interstitial (n = 14) or composite (several respiratory involvements, n = 32). Interstitial and composite patterns were associated with multi-organ amyloidosis (n = 37, 80%) while tracheobronchial and nodular patterns were associated with organ-limited amyloidosis (n = 21, 78%). Amyloid light chain (AL) amyloidosis was diagnosed in 43 patients (59%), mainly of lambda type (n = 33, 77%). Smokers' proportion was higher in tracheobronchial (71%) and nodular (90%) patterns than in interstitial (14%) and composite (34%) patterns. The B-cell neoplasms involved 15 patients (21%), solid neoplasms 8 (11%), connective tissue diseases 8 (11%) and multiple myeloma 6 (8%). The B-cell and solid neoplasms were most prevalent in nodular pattern. Median follow-up was 4.4 years (2.2-8.9). Twenty-four patients died, mostly from respiratory infection. Survival at 1, 5, 10 years was respectively 88%, 70% and 54% for multi-organ amyloidosis, 96%, 89% and 69% for organ-limited amyloidosis (P = .125). Tracheobronchial and nodular patterns survival was better than in other respiratory patterns (P = .039). Death risk factors (multivariate analysis) were: cardiac localization (hazard-ratio [HR] 4.3 [95% confidence interval 1.6-11.5]; P = .004), age (HR 2.1 [1.2-3.7]; P = .008) and dyspnea at diagnosis (HR 4.0 [1.3-12.3]; P = .014). Various LRT amyloidosis patterns depend on smoking habits, organ-limited or multi-organ extension and comorbidities. They are associated with a different survival, which is also predicted by age, cardiac localization and dyspnea at presentation.

5.
Br J Haematol ; 187(1): 124-128, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31155716

RESUMO

We report the off-label use of bortezomib combined with dexamethasone in eight adults with severe and multi-refractory warm auto-immune haemolytic anaemia (wAIHA). After six cycles of induction therapy, 6 of the 8 patients achieved response (3 complete response, 3 response). Response was obtained after a median of 2 (1-4) cycles. After a median follow-up of 14 (6-36) months, six patients maintained a response (bortezomib/dexamethasone maintenance, n = 4); five patients experienced at least one moderate adverse event, including peripheral neuropathy (n = 2). These results suggest that bortezomib/dexamethasone combination is a promising approach with acceptable toxicity for treating severe refractory wAIHA in adults.

7.
Br J Haematol ; 186(2): 269-273, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31016730

RESUMO

We retrospectively analysed 71 cases of Unicentric Castleman disease, a rare, usually asymptomatic, benign lymphoproliferative disorder presenting as a unique nodal mass. Although surgery is considered as the gold standard therapy, only 38 patients (54%) underwent initial surgical resection and 95% were cured. An additional 9 patients had surgery after an attempt at medical reduction. Reduction therapy was used in 21 patients with a 55% response rate, but without evidence for an optimal regimen. Radiotherapy was limited to 8 patients because of associated toxicity. Watch and wait was considered in 13 asymptomatic patients and 11 of these remained stable for up to 17 years.

9.
Gut Microbes ; 10(3): 429-433, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30449244

RESUMO

In a recently published article we report the metagenomic analysis of human gut microbiomes evolved in the absence of immunoglobulin A (IgA). We show that human IgA deficiency is not associated with massive quantitative perturbations of gut microbial ecology. While our study underlines a rather expected pathobiont expansion, we at the same time highlight a less expected depletion in some typically beneficial symbionts. We also show that IgM partially supply IgA deficiency, explaining the relatively mild clinical phenotype associated with the early steps of this condition. Microbiome studies in patients should consider potential issues such as cohort size, human genetic polymorphism and treatments. In this commentary, we discuss how such issues were taken into account in our own study.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal/imunologia , Deficiência de IgA/imunologia , Deficiência de IgA/microbiologia , Imunoglobulina A/imunologia , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/imunologia , Biodiversidade , Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum/imunologia , Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum/microbiologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/genética , Humanos , Imunoglobulina A/metabolismo , Imunoglobulina M/imunologia , Imunoglobulina M/metabolismo
10.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 143(1): 325-334.e2, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29906526

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: V(D)J recombination ensures the diversity of the adaptive immune system. Although its complete defect causes severe combined immunodeficiency (ie, T-B- severe combined immunodeficiency), its suboptimal activity is associated with a broad spectrum of immune manifestations, such as late-onset combined immunodeficiency and autoimmunity. The earliest molecular diagnosis of these patients is required to adopt the best therapy strategy, particularly when it involves a myeloablative conditioning regimen for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. OBJECTIVE: We aimed at developing biomarkers based on analysis of the T-cell receptor (TCR) α repertoire to assist in the diagnosis of patients with primary immunodeficiencies with V(D)J recombination and DNA repair deficiencies. METHODS: We used flow cytometric (fluorescence-activated cell sorting) analysis to quantify TCR-Vα7.2-expressing T lymphocytes in peripheral blood and developed PROMIDISα, a multiplex RT-PCR/next-generation sequencing assay, to evaluate a subset of the TCRα repertoire in T lymphocytes. RESULTS: The combined fluorescence-activated cell sorting and PROMIDISα analyses revealed specific signatures in patients with V(D)J recombination-defective primary immunodeficiencies or ataxia telangiectasia/Nijmegen breakage syndromes. CONCLUSION: Analysis of the TCRα repertoire is particularly appropriate in a prospective way to identify patients with partial immune defects caused by suboptimal V(D)J recombination activity, a DNA repair defect, or both. It also constitutes a valuable tool for the retrospective in vivo functional validation of variants identified through exome or panel sequencing. Its broader implementation might be of interest to assist early diagnosis of patients presenting with hypomorphic DNA repair defects inclined to experience acute toxicity during prehematopoietic stem cell transplantation conditioning.


Assuntos
Síndromes de Imunodeficiência , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T alfa-beta , Recombinação V(D)J/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/genética , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/imunologia , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/patologia , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T alfa-beta/genética , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T alfa-beta/imunologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 143(4): 1575-1585.e4, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30554723

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Commensals induce local IgA responses essential to the induction of tolerance to gut microbiota, but it remains unclear whether antimicrobiota responses remain confined to the gut. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate systemic and intestinal responses against the whole microbiota under homeostatic conditions and in the absence of IgA. METHODS: We analyzed blood and feces from healthy donors, patients with selective IgA deficiency (SIgAd), and patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID). Immunoglobulin-coated bacterial repertoires were analyzed by using combined bacterial fluorescence-activated cell sorting and 16S rRNA sequencing. Bacterial lysates were probed by using Western blot analysis with healthy donor sera. RESULTS: Although absent from the healthy gut, serum antimicrobiota IgG are present in healthy subjects and increased in patients with SIgAd. IgG converges with nonoverlapping secretory IgA specificities to target the same bacteria. Each individual subject targets a diverse microbiota repertoire with a proportion that correlates inversely with systemic inflammation. Finally, intravenous immunoglobulin preparations target CVID gut microbiota much less efficiently than healthy microbiota. CONCLUSION: Secretory IgA and systemic IgG converge to target gut microbiota at the cellular level. SIgAd-associated inflammation is inversely correlated with systemic anticommensal IgG responses, which might serve as a second line of defense. We speculate that patients with SIgAd could benefit from oral IgA supplementation. Our data also suggest that intravenous immunoglobulin preparations can be supplemented with IgG from IgA-deficient patient pools to offer better protection against gut bacterial translocations in patients with CVID.

14.
J Dermatol ; 45(10): 1211-1215, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30035313

RESUMO

Heavy-chain deposition disease (HCDD) is characterized by tissue deposits of a truncated monoclonal immunoglobulin heavy-chain (HC) on basement membranes. Diagnosis is usually made on kidney biopsy, showing nodular glomerulosclerosis with HC deposits which can be missed, resulting in delay in diagnosis. We report four γ1-HCDD patients presenting with cutis laxa, hypocomplementemia and hypoalbuminemia. In two patients, unsuspected HCDD was revealed by cutis laxa and diagnosis was made on skin biopsy. In all patients, serum albumin and complement represented surrogate markers for disease monitoring. In γ-HCDD, extrarenal manifestations such as cutis laxa may precede renal injury and are precious tools for an early diagnosis, which is crucial to avoid progression of irreversible renal and elastic tissue damage.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Cútis Laxa/etiologia , Doença das Cadeias Pesadas/diagnóstico , Hipoalbuminemia/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Renal/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Biópsia , Proteínas do Sistema Complemento/análise , Feminino , Doença das Cadeias Pesadas/sangue , Doença das Cadeias Pesadas/complicações , Doença das Cadeias Pesadas/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Hipoalbuminemia/sangue , Cadeias gama de Imunoglobulina , Rim/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diálise Renal , Insuficiência Renal/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Renal/terapia , Pele/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Sci Transl Med ; 10(439)2018 05 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29720448

RESUMO

Paradoxically, loss of immunoglobulin A (IgA), one of the most abundant antibodies, does not irrevocably lead to severe infections in humans but rather is associated with relatively mild respiratory infections, atopy, and autoimmunity. IgA might therefore also play covert roles, not uniquely associated with control of pathogens. We show that human IgA deficiency is not associated with massive quantitative perturbations of gut microbial ecology. Metagenomic analysis highlights an expected pathobiont expansion but a less expected depletion in some typically beneficial symbionts. Gut colonization by species usually present in the oropharynx is also reminiscent of spatial microbiota disorganization. IgM only partially rescues IgA deficiency because not all typical IgA targets are efficiently bound by IgM in the intestinal lumen. Together, IgA appears to play a nonredundant role at the forefront of the immune/microbial interface, away from the intestinal barrier, ranging from pathobiont control and regulation of systemic inflammation to preservation of commensal diversity and community networks.


Assuntos
Deficiência de IgA/imunologia , Deficiência de IgA/microbiologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina A/metabolismo , Imunoglobulina M/metabolismo , Microbiota/fisiologia
16.
Hum Immunol ; 79(7): 571-577, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29709555

RESUMO

The precise diagnosis of an immunodeficiency is sometimes difficult to assess, especially due to the large spectrum of phenotypic variation reported among patients. Common variable immunodeficiency disorders (CVID) do not have, for a large part, an identified genetic cause. The identification of a causal genetic mutation is important to confirm, or in some cases correct, the diagnosis. We screened >150 male patients with hypogammaglobulinemia for mutations in three genes involved in pediatric X-linked primary immunoglobulin deficiency: CD40LG, SH2D1A and BTK. The SH2D1A screening allowed to reclassify two individuals with an initial CVID presentation as XLP after mutations identification. All these mutations were associated with a lack of protein expression. In addition, 4 patients with a primary diagnosis of CVID and one with a primary IgG subclass deficiency were requalified as XLA after identifying BTK mutations. Interestingly, two out of these 5 patients carried a damaging coding BTK mutation associated with a lower, but detectable, BTK expression in monocytes, suggesting that a dysfunctional protein explains the disease phenotype in these patients. In conclusion, our results advocate to include SH2D1A and BTK in newly developed targeted NGS genetic testing, to contribute to providing the most appropriate medical treatment and genetic counselling.


Assuntos
Agamaglobulinemia/diagnóstico , Monócitos/fisiologia , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/genética , Proteína Associada à Molécula de Sinalização da Ativação Linfocitária/genética , Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Pré-Escolar , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Aconselhamento Genético , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Mutação/genética , Fenótipo
18.
Blood ; 131(17): 1955-1959, 2018 04 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29437588

RESUMO

Ibrutinib has revolutionized the management of chronic lymphocytic leukemia and is now being increasingly used. Although considered to be less immunosuppressive than conventional immunochemotherapy, the observation of a few cases of invasive fungal infections in patients treated with ibrutinib prompted us to conduct a retrospective survey. We identified 33 cases of invasive fungal infections in patients receiving ibrutinib alone or in combination. Invasive aspergillosis (IA) was overrepresented (27/33) and was associated with cerebral localizations in 40% of the cases. Remarkably, most cases of invasive fungal infections occurred with a median of 3 months after starting ibrutinib. In 18/33 cases, other conditions that could have contributed to decreased antifungal responses, such as corticosteroids, neutropenia, or combined immunochemotherapy, were present. These observations indicate that ibrutinib may be associated with early-onset invasive fungal infections, in particular IA with frequent cerebral involvement, and that patients on ibrutinib should be closely monitored in particular when other risk factors of fungal infections are present.


Assuntos
Aspergilose/induzido quimicamente , Aspergilose/epidemiologia , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/epidemiologia , Pirazóis/administração & dosagem , Pirazóis/efeitos adversos , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/microbiologia , Masculino , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Br J Haematol ; 180(2): 206-216, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29143319

RESUMO

The spectrum of Castleman disease (CD) has considerably extended since its first description in 1956. Recently, an international collaborative working group has reached consensus on the diagnostic criteria and classification of CD. We herein report 273 patients with lymph node histopathology consistent with CD and investigate the newly established diagnostic criteria. Twenty of these patients with Castleman-like histopathology were removed from analyses, because they were diagnosed with an exclusionary disorder (18 with haematological malignancy). Among the 253 remaining patients, 57 were considered unicentric CD (UCD), 169 were multicentric CD associated with Human Herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8+MCD), including 140 patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and 29 patients without HIV infection, and 27 were HHV-8 negative/idiopathic multicentric CD (iMCD). 2-(18 F)fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography was useful in 62 patients for staging/classification of the disease and for excluding associated lymphoma. UCD was mainly associated with hyaline-vascular histopathological features, and most patients were asymptomatic. Of the 27 patients that we had originally diagnosed with iMCD, 26 met the newly established diagnostic criteria. Patients with iMCD and HHV-8+ MCD demonstrated similar characteristics, including fever, splenomegaly, cytopenia and inflammatory symptoms. However, the disease was more aggressive in HHV-8+ MCD, particularly in HIV-infected patients.


Assuntos
Hiperplasia do Linfonodo Gigante/diagnóstico , Adulto , Biomarcadores , Biópsia , Hiperplasia do Linfonodo Gigante/etiologia , Hiperplasia do Linfonodo Gigante/mortalidade , Hiperplasia do Linfonodo Gigante/terapia , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Radiografia Torácica , Avaliação de Sintomas , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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