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1.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 18164, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34518567

RESUMO

Communicating cardiovascular risk based on individual vascular age (VA) is a well acknowledged concept in patient education and disease prevention. VA may be derived functionally, e.g. by measurement of pulse wave velocity (PWV), or morphologically, e.g. by assessment of carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether both approaches produce similar results. Within the context of the German subset of the EUROASPIRE IV survey, 501 patients with coronary heart disease underwent (a) oscillometric PWV measurement at the aortic, carotid-femoral and brachial-ankle site (PWVao, PWVcf, PWVba) and derivation of the aortic augmentation index (AIao); (b) bilateral cIMT assessment by high-resolution ultrasound at three sites (common, bulb, internal). Respective VA was calculated using published equations. According to VA derived from PWV, most patients exhibited values below chronological age indicating a counterintuitive healthier-than-anticipated vascular status: for VAPWVao in 68% of patients; for VAAIao in 52% of patients. By contrast, VA derived from cIMT delivered opposite results: e.g. according to VAtotal-cIMT accelerated vascular aging in 75% of patients. To strengthen the concept of VA, further efforts are needed to better standardise the current approaches to estimate VA and, thereby, to improve comparability and clinical utility.

2.
Lancet Neurol ; 20(6): 426-436, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34022169

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systematic electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring improves detection of covert atrial fibrillation in stroke survivors but the effect on secondary prevention is unknown. We aimed to assess the effect of systematic ECG monitoring of patients in hospital on the rate of oral anticoagulant use after 12 months. METHODS: In this investigator-initiated, randomised, open-label, parallel-group multicentre study with masked endpoint adjudication, we recruited patients aged at least 18 years with acute ischaemic stroke or transient ischaemic attack without known atrial fibrillation in 38 certified stroke units in Germany. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to usual diagnostic procedures for atrial fibrillation detection (control group) or additional Holter-ECG recording for up to 7 days in hospital (intervention group). Patients were stratified by centre using a random permuted block design. The primary outcome was the proportion of patients on oral anticoagulants at 12 months after the index event in the intention-to-treat population. Secondary outcomes included the number of patients with newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation in hospital and the composite of recurrent stroke, major bleeding, myocardial infarction, or death after 6 months, 12 months, and 24 months. This trial was registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02204267, and is completed and closed for participants. FINDINGS: Between Dec 9, 2014, and Sept 11, 2017, 3465 patients were randomly assigned, 1735 (50·1%) to the intervention group and 1730 (49·9%) to the control group. Oral anticoagulation status was available in 2920 (84·3%) patients at 12 months (1484 [50·8%] in the intervention group and 1436 [49·2%] in the control group). For the primary outcome, at 12 months, 203 (13·7%) of 1484 patients in the intervention group versus 169 (11·8%) of 1436 in the control group were on oral anticoagulants (odds ratio [OR] 1·2 [95% CI 0·9-1·5]; p=0·13). Atrial fibrillation was newly detected in patients in hospital in 97 (5·8%) of 1714 in the intervention group versus 68 (4·0%) of 1717 in the control group (hazard ratio [HR] 1·4 [95% CI 1·0-2·0]; p=0·024). The composite of cardiovascular outcomes and death did not differ between patients randomly assigned to the intervention group versus the control group at 24 months (232 [13·5%] of 1714 vs 249 [14·5%] of 1717; HR 0·9 [0·8-1·1]; p=0·43). Skin reactions due to study ECG electrodes were reported in 56 (3·3%) patients in the intervention group. All-cause death occured in 73 (4·3%) patients in the intervention group and in 103 (6·0%) patients in the control group (OR 0·7 [0·5-0·9]). INTERPRETATION: Systematic core centrally reviewed ECG monitoring is feasible and increases the detection rate of atrial fibrillation in unselected patients hospitalised with acute ischaemic stroke or transient ischaemic attack, if added to usual diagnostic care in certified German stroke units. However, we found no effect of systematic ECG monitoring on the rate of oral anticoagulant use after 12 months and further efforts are needed to improve secondary stroke prevention. FUNDING: Bayer Vital. TRANSLATION: For the German translation of the abstract see Supplementary Materials section.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Isquemia Encefálica/fisiopatologia , AVC Isquêmico/fisiopatologia , Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Encefálica/epidemiologia , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , AVC Isquêmico/diagnóstico , AVC Isquêmico/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
3.
Europace ; 21(11): 1621-1632, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397475

RESUMO

AIMS: The Berlin Atrial Fibrillation Registry was designed to analyse oral anticoagulation (OAC) prescription in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and acute ischaemic stroke. METHODS AND RESULTS: This investigator-initiated prospective multicentre registry enrolled patients at all 16 stroke units located in Berlin, Germany. The ongoing telephone follow-up is conducted centrally and will cover 5 years per patient. Within 2014 and 2016, 1080 patients gave written informed consent and 1048 patients were available for analysis. Median age was 77 years [interquartile range (IQR) 72-83], 503 (48%) patients were female, and 254 (24%) had a transient ischaemic attack (TIA). Overall, 470 (62%) out of 757 patients with known AF and a (pre-stroke) CHA2DS2-VASc ≥ 1 were anticoagulated at the time of stroke. At hospital discharge, 847 (81.3%) of 1042 patients were anticoagulated. Thereof 710 (68.1%) received a non-vitamin K-dependent oral anticoagulant (NOAC) and 137 (13.1%) a vitamin K antagonist (VKA). Pre-stroke intake of a NOAC [odds ratio (OR) 15.6 (95% confidence interval, 95% CI 1.97-122)] or VKA [OR 0.04 (95% CI 0.02-0.09)], an index TIA [OR 0.56 (95% CI 0.34-0.94)] rather than stroke, heart failure [OR 0.49 (95% CI 0.26-0.93)], and endovascular thrombectomy at hospital admission [OR 12.9 (95% CI 1.59-104)] were associated with NOAC prescription at discharge. Patients' age or AF type had no impact on OAC or NOAC use, respectively. CONCLUSION: About 60% of all registry patients with known AF received OAC at the time of stroke or TIA. At hospital discharge, more than 80% of AF patients were anticoagulated and about 80% of those were prescribed a NOAC.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Isquemia Encefálica/prevenção & controle , Sistema de Registros , Doença Aguda , Administração Oral , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Berlim/epidemiologia , Isquemia Encefálica/epidemiologia , Isquemia Encefálica/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
4.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; : 2047487319838218, 2019 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30889979

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We assessed prevalence and determinants in appropriate physician-led lifestyle advice (PLA) in a population-based sample of individuals without cardiovascular disease (CVD) compared with a sample of CVD patients. METHODS: PLA was assessed via questionnaire in a subsample of the population-based Characteristics and Course of Heart Failure Stages A-B and Determinants of Progression (STAAB) cohort free of CVD (primary prevention sample) and the German subset of the fourth EUROASPIRE survey (EUROASPIRE-IV) comprising CVD patients (secondary prevention sample). PLA was fulfilled if the participant reported having ever been told by a physician to: stop smoking (current/former smokers), reduce weight (overweight/obese participants), increase physical activity (physically inactive participants) or keep to a healthy diet (all participants). Factors associated with receiving at least 50% of the PLA were identified using logistic regression. RESULTS: Information on PLA was available in 665 STAAB participants (55 ± 11; 55% females) and in 536 EUROASPIRE-IV patients (67 ± 9; 18% females). Except for smoking, appropriate PLA was more frequently given in the secondary compared with the primary prevention sample. Determinants associated with appropriate PLA in primary prevention were: diabetes mellitus (odds ratio (OR) 4.54; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.88-10.95), hyperlipidaemia (OR 3.12; 95% CI 2.06-4.73) and hypertension (OR 1.74; 95% CI 1.15-2.62); in secondary prevention: age (OR per year 0.96; 95% CI 0.93-0.98) and diabetes mellitus (OR 2.33; 95% CI 1.20-4.54). CONCLUSIONS: In primary prevention, PLA was mainly determined by the presence of vascular risk factors, whereas in secondary prevention the level of PLA was higher in general, but the association between CVD risk factors and PLA was less pronounced.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30774413

RESUMO

Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious complication after cardiac surgery that is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is an enzyme synthesized in renal tubular cells as one of the most intense responses to oxidant stress linked with protective, anti-inflammatory properties. Yet, it is unknown if serum HO-1 induction following cardiac surgical procedure involving cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is associated with incidence and severity of AKI. Patients and methods: In the present study, we used data from a prospective cohort study of 150 adult cardiac surgical patients. HO-1 measurements were performed before, immediately after and 24 hours post-CPB. In univariate and multivariate analyses, the association between HO-1 and AKI was investigated. Results: AKI with an incidence of 23.3% (35 patients) was not associated with an early elevation of HO-1 after CPB in all patients (P=0.88), whereas patients suffering from AKI developed a second burst of HO-1 24 hours after CBP. In patients without AKI, the HO-1 concentrations dropped to baseline values (P=0.031). Furthermore, early HO-1 induction was associated with CPB time (P=0.046), while the ones 24 hours later lost this association (P=0.219). Conclusion: The association of the second HO-1 burst 24 hours after CBP might help to distinguish between the causality of AKI in patients undergoing CBP, thus helping to adapt patient stratification and management.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30553401

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies on the omega-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in heart failure are scarce, while one large intervention trial demonstrated a modest benefit. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis from the Interdisciplinary Network Heart Failure (INH) program. Patients hospitalized for systolic heart failure were enrolled and followed for 36 months. At baseline, whole blood samples from 899 patients were analyzed for fatty acid composition using a standardized analytical procedure (HS-Omega-3 Index®, O3-I). Associations of the O3-I with markers of heart failure severity, clinical characteristics, biomarkers, and mortality were analyzed. RESULTS: The mean O3-I was 3.7 ±â€¯1.0%. Patient mean age was 68 ±â€¯12 years (72% male, 43% in New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV, mean LVEF 30 ±â€¯8%). During follow-up 258 patients (28.7%) died. After adjustment for potential confounders, the O3-I showed weak associations with uncured malignancy, end-systolic diameter of the left atrium, left ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic diameters, and blood lipids and other laboratory parameters (all p < 0.05), but not with NYHA class, left ventricular ejection fraction, and the underlying cause of heart failure. The O3-I did not predict the 3-year mortality risk. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show a marked depletion of omega-3 fatty acids in patients hospitalized for decompensated heart failure (suggested target range 8-11%). Although the O3-I was associated with a panel of established risk indicators in heart failure, it did not predict mortality risk. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: www.controlled-trials.com; ISRCTN23325295.


Assuntos
Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos/sangue , Ácido Eicosapentaenoico/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia
7.
Clin Oral Investig ; 23(2): 667-672, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29744722

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the correlation between chronic stress and temporalis muscle activity during four nights. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-four female subjects were recruited in five dental practices located in different areas of the federal state of Saarland, Germany (dental practice network in Saarland). The following inclusion criteria were used: female, aged between 18 and 65, no somatization or depression, and no pain medication, graded chronic pain status < 3. Both subjects reporting about sleep bruxism and subjects negating sleep bruxism during anamnesis were included. Anamnestic issues, sleep bruxism, anxiety, and chronic stress were assessed using validated questionnaires. Temporalis muscle activity was measured for four nights using a portable electromyographic device. Correlation coefficient was used to assess the correlation (Spearman-correlation) between chronic stress and number of temporalis muscle episodes/hour and between anxiety and the number of episodes/hour. RESULTS: The analysis showed that the factors "work overload" (adulthood chronic stress because of too many demands at work) and "pressure to perform" (necessity to be successful at work) were significantly correlated with the number of temporalis muscle episodes per hour. In contrast, anxiety was not correlated with temporalis muscle episodes per hour. CONCLUSIONS: Work-related chronic stress seems to be associated with an increased level of temporalis muscle activity during sleep. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: During anamnesis, work-related aspects should be assessed in females presenting with sleep-bruxism.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica/fisiopatologia , Bruxismo do Sono/fisiopatologia , Estresse Psicológico/fisiopatologia , Músculo Temporal/fisiopatologia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/fisiopatologia , Trabalho/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/fisiopatologia , Dor Crônica/epidemiologia , Dor Crônica/psicologia , Eletromiografia , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Projetos Piloto , Bruxismo do Sono/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/psicologia
8.
PLoS One ; 13(9): e0204285, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30256828

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The impact of risk factors on poor outcome after ischemic stroke is well known, but estimating the amount of poor outcome attributable to single factors is challenging in presence of multimorbidity. We aim to compare population attributable risk estimates obtained from different statistical approaches regarding their consistency. We use a real-life data set from the PROSCIS study to identify predictors for mortality and functional impairment one year after first-ever ischemic stroke and quantify their contribution to poor outcome using population attributable risks. METHODS: The PROSpective Cohort with Incident Stroke (PROSCIS) is a prospective observational hospital-based cohort study of patients after first-ever stroke conducted independently in Berlin (PROSCIS-B) and Munich (PROSCIS-M). The association of baseline factors with poor outcome one year after stroke in PROSCIS-B was analysed using multiple logistic regression analysis and population attributable risks were calculated, which were estimated using sequential population attributable risk based on a multiple generalized additive regression model, doubly robust estimation, as well as using average sequential population attributable risk. Findings were reproduced in an independent validation sample from PROSCIS-M. RESULTS: Out of 507 patients with available outcome information after 12 months in PROSCIS-B, 20.5% suffered from poor outcome. Factors associated with poor outcome were age, pre-stroke physical disability, stroke severity (NIHSS), education, and diabetes mellitus. The order of risk factors ranked by magnitudes of population attributable risk was almost similar for all methods, but population attributable risk estimates varied markedly between the methods. In PROSCIS-M, incidence of poor outcome and distribution of baseline parameters were comparable. The multiple logistic regression model could be reproduced for all predictors, except pre-stroke physical disability. Similar to PROSCIS-B, the order of risk factors ranked by magnitudes of population attributable risk was almost similar for all methods, but magnitudes of population attributable risk differed markedly between the methods. CONCLUSIONS: Ranking of risk factors by population impact is not affected by the different statistical approaches. Thus, for a rational decision on which risk factor to target in disease interventions, population attributable risk is a supportive tool. However, population attributable risk estimates are difficult to interpret and are not comparable when they origin from studies applying different methodology. The predictors for poor outcome identified in PROSCIS-B have a relevant impact on mortality and functional impairment one year after first-ever ischemic stroke.


Assuntos
Transtornos Psicomotores/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Modelos Logísticos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Transtornos Psicomotores/etiologia , Fatores de Risco
9.
JACC Heart Fail ; 6(7): 583-592, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29885954

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the spectrum of brain lesions seen in heart failure (HF) patients and the extent to which lesion type contributes to cognitive impairment. BACKGROUND: Cognitive deficits have been reported in patients with HF. METHODS: A total of 148 systolic and diastolic HF patients (mean age 64 ± 11 years; 16% female; mean left ventricular ejection fraction 43 ± 8%) were extensively evaluated within 2 days by cardiological, neurological, and neuropsychological testing and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A total of 288 healthy, sex- and age-matched subjects sampled from the Austrian Stroke Prevention Study served as MRI controls. RESULTS: Deficits in reaction times were apparent in 41% of patients and deficits in verbal memory in 46%. On brain MRI, patients showed more advanced medial temporal lobe atrophy (MTA) (Scheltens score) compared to controls (2.1 ± 0.9 vs. 1.0 ± 0.6; p < 0.001). The degree of MTA was strongly associated with the severity of cognitive impairment, whereas the extent of white matter hyperintensities was similar in patients and controls. Moreover, patients had a 2.7-fold increased risk for presence of clinically silent lacunes. CONCLUSIONS: HF patients exhibit cognitive deficits in the domains of attention and memory. MTA but not white matter lesion load seems to be related to cognitive impairment.


Assuntos
Encefalopatias/psicologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca Diastólica/psicologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/psicologia , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Doença Crônica , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Inteligência/fisiologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Memória de Curto Prazo/fisiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Tempo de Reação/fisiologia , Vocabulário
10.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 17(1): 108, 2017 05 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28476146

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adherence to pharmacotherapeutic treatment guidelines in patients with heart failure (HF) is of major prognostic importance, but thorough implementation of guidelines in routine care remains insufficient. Our aim was to investigate prevalence and characteristics of HF in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD), and to assess the adherence to current HF guidelines in patients with HF stage C, thus identifying potential targets for the optimization of guideline implementation. METHODS: Patients from the German sample of the European Action on Secondary and Primary Prevention by Intervention to Reduce Events (EuroAspire) IV survey with a hospitalization for CHD within the previous six to 36 months providing valid data on echocardiography as well as on signs and symptoms of HF were categorized into stages of HF: A, prevalence of risk factors for developing HF; B, asymptomatic but with structural heart disease; C, symptomatic HF. A Guideline Adherence Indicator (GAI-3) was calculated for patients with reduced (≤40%) left ventricular ejection fraction (HFrEF) as number of drugs taken per number of drugs indicated; beta-blockers, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers, and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRA) were considered. RESULTS: 509/536 patients entered analysis. HF stage A was prevalent in n = 20 (3.9%), stage B in n = 264 (51.9%), and stage C in n = 225 (44.2%) patients; 94/225 patients were diagnosed with HFrEF (42%). Stage C patients were older, had a longer duration of CHD, and a higher prevalence of arterial hypertension. Awareness of pre-diagnosed HF was low (19%). Overall GAI-3 of HFrEF patients was 96.4% with a trend towards lower GAI-3 in patients with lower LVEF due to less thorough MRA prescription. CONCLUSIONS: In our sample of CHD patients, prevalence of HF stage C was high and a sizable subgroup suffered from HFrEF. Overall, pharmacotherapy was fairly well implemented in HFrEF patients, although somewhat worse in patients with more reduced ejection fraction. Two major targets were identified possibly suited to further improve the implementation of HF guidelines: 1) increase patients´ awareness of diagnosis and importance of HF; and 2) disseminate knowledge about the importance of appropriately implementing the use of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This is a cross-sectional analysis of a non-interventional study. Therefore, it was not registered as an interventional trial.


Assuntos
Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Doença das Coronárias/tratamento farmacológico , Doença das Coronárias/epidemiologia , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/normas , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Padrões de Prática Médica/normas , Avaliação de Processos em Cuidados de Saúde/normas , Idoso , Doença das Coronárias/diagnóstico , Doença das Coronárias/fisiopatologia , Estudos Transversais , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Adesão à Medicação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Antagonistas de Receptores de Mineralocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Stroke ; 48(5): 1241-1247, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28411261

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Etiology of acute ischemic stroke remains undetermined (cryptogenic) in about 25% of patients after state-of-the-art diagnostic work-up. METHODS: One-hundred and three patients with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-proven acute ischemic stroke of undetermined origin were prospectively enrolled and underwent 3-T cardiac MRI and magnetic resonance angiography of the aortic arch in addition to state-of-the-art diagnostic work-up, including transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). We analyzed the feasibility, diagnostic accuracy, and added value of cardiovascular MRI (cvMRI) compared with TEE for detecting sources of stroke. RESULTS: Overall, 102 (99.0%) ischemic stroke patients (median 63 years [interquartile range, 53-72], 24% female, median NIHSS (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale) score on admission 2 [interquartile range, 1-4]) underwent cvMRI and TEE in hospital; 89 (86.4%) patients completed the cvMRI examination. In 93 cryptogenic stroke patients, a high-risk embolic source was found in 9 (8.7%) patients by cvMRI and in 11 (11.8%) patients by echocardiography, respectively. cvMRI and echocardiography findings were consistent in 80 (86.0%) patients, resulting in a degree of agreement of κ=0.24. In 82 patients with cryptogenic stroke according to routine work-up, including TEE, cvMRI identified stroke etiology in additional 5 (6.1%) patients. Late gadolinium enhancement consistent with previous myocardial infarction was found in 13 (14.6%) out of 89 stroke patients completing cvMRI. Only 2 of these 13 patients had known coronary artery disease. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated that cvMRI was feasible in the vast majority of included patients with acute ischemic stroke. The diagnostic information of cvMRI seems to be complementary to TEE but is not replacing echocardiography after acute ischemic stroke. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01917955.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia Encefálica/etiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/normas , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Idoso , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana/normas , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética/normas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem
12.
J Cereb Blood Flow Metab ; 37(12): 3671-3682, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27733675

RESUMO

Stroke-associated pneumonia is a frequent complication after stroke associated with poor outcome. Dysphagia is a known risk factor for stroke-associated pneumonia but accumulating evidence suggests that stroke induces an immunodepressive state increasing susceptibility for stroke-associated pneumonia. We aimed to confirm that stroke-induced immunodepression syndrome is associated with stroke-associated pneumonia independently from dysphagia by investigating the predictive properties of monocytic HLA-DR expression as a marker of immunodepression as well as biomarkers for inflammation (interleukin-6) and infection (lipopolysaccharide-binding protein). This was a prospective, multicenter study with 11 study sites in Germany and Spain, including 486 patients with acute ischemic stroke. Daily screening for stroke-associated pneumonia, dysphagia and biomarkers was performed. Frequency of stroke-associated pneumonia was 5.2%. Dysphagia and decreased monocytic HLA-DR were independent predictors for stroke-associated pneumonia in multivariable regression analysis. Proportion of pneumonia ranged between 0.9% in the higher monocytic HLA-DR quartile (≥21,876 mAb/cell) and 8.5% in the lower quartile (≤12,369 mAb/cell). In the presence of dysphagia, proportion of pneumonia increased to 5.9% and 18.8%, respectively. Patients without dysphagia and normal monocytic HLA-DR expression had no stroke-associated pneumonia risk. We demonstrate that dysphagia and stroke-induced immunodepression syndrome are independent risk factors for stroke-associated pneumonia. Screening for immunodepression and dysphagia might be useful for identifying patients at high risk for stroke-associated pneumonia.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Deglutição/etiologia , Tolerância Imunológica , Pneumonia/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Transtornos de Deglutição/imunologia , Feminino , Antígenos HLA-DR/análise , Antígenos HLA-DR/imunologia , Humanos , Interleucina-6/análise , Interleucina-6/imunologia , Macrófagos/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia/diagnóstico , Pneumonia/imunologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/imunologia
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26989573

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several publications have focused on accompanying non-motor symptoms (NMS) in essential tremor (ET) patients; however, it remains unclear if NMS are an intrinsic part of the disease or secondary phenomena. We present the results of several neuropsychiatric tests and their impact on quality of life (QoL) in community-dwelling patients with ET. METHODS: Participants were recruited via a newspaper article about ET published in the local media and on the internet. All participants completed several standard neuropsychiatric tests, including those that assess QoL. To compare differences between cases and controls, Student's t-tests with Bonferroni-Holm post hoc tests were performed. Spearman's correlation coefficients were also calculated. RESULTS: We enrolled 110 patients with definite or probable ET. Highly significant changes were observed for apathy, anxiety, and cognition and negatively impacted QoL. Most aberrations were independent of tremor severity and duration. DISCUSSION: The significant neuropsychiatric deficits and reduced QoL demonstrate a degree of illness that appears to be a non-motor phenotype rather than a secondary effect of ET. In the future, NMS should carefully be explored in ET patients as they may have an impact on QoL and treatment.

14.
PLoS One ; 10(11): e0142661, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26565986

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Liver biopsies are the current gold standard in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) diagnosis. Their invasive nature, however, still carries an increased risk for patients' health. The development of non-invasive diagnostic tools to differentiate between bland steatosis (NAFL) and NASH remains crucial. The aim of this study is the evaluation of investigated circulating microRNAs in combination with new targets in order to optimize the discrimination of NASH patients by non-invasive serum biomarkers. METHODS: Serum profiles of four microRNAs were evaluated in two cohorts consisting of 137 NAFLD patients and 61 healthy controls. In a binary logistic regression model microRNAs of relevance were detected. Correlation of microRNA appearance with known biomarkers like ALT and CK18-Asp396 was evaluated. A simplified scoring model was developed, combining the levels of microRNA in circulation and CK18-Asp396 fragments. Receiver operating characteristics were used to evaluate the potential of discriminating NASH. RESULTS: The new finding of our study is the different profile of circulating miR-21 in NASH patients (p<0.0001). Also, it validates recently published results of miR-122 and miR-192 to be differentially regulated in NAFL and NASH. Combined microRNA expression profiles with CK18-Asp396 fragment level scoring model had a higher potential of NASH prediction compared to other risk biomarkers (AUROC = 0.83, 95% CI = 0.754-0.908; p<0.001). Evaluation of score model for NAFL (Score = 0) and NASH (Score = 4) had shown high rates of sensitivity (91%) and specificity (83%). CONCLUSIONS: Our study defines candidates for a combined model of miRNAs and CK18-Asp396 levels relevant as a promising expansion for diagnosis and in turn treatment of NASH.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Fígado/patologia , MicroRNAs/sangue , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/sangue , Adulto , Apoptose , Biópsia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Obesidade/sangue , Curva ROC , Análise de Regressão , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Adulto Jovem
15.
BMC Med Genomics ; 8: 61, 2015 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26462558

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-cellular blood circulating microRNAs (plasma miRNAs) represent a promising source for the development of prognostic and diagnostic tools owing to their minimally invasive sampling, high stability, and simple quantification by standard techniques such as RT-qPCR. So far, the majority of association studies involving plasma miRNAs were disease-specific case-control analyses. In contrast, in the present study, plasma miRNAs were analysed in a sample of 372 individuals from a population-based cohort study, the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP). METHODS: Quantification of miRNA levels was performed by RT-qPCR using the Exiqon Serum/Plasma Focus microRNA PCR Panel V3.M covering 179 different miRNAs. Of these, 155 were included in our analyses after quality-control. Associations between plasma miRNAs and the phenotypes age, body mass index (BMI), and sex were assessed via a two-step linear regression approach per miRNA. The first step regressed out the technical parameters and the second step determined the remaining associations between the respective plasma miRNA and the phenotypes of interest. RESULTS: After regressing out technical parameters and adjusting for the respective other two phenotypes, 7, 15, and 35 plasma miRNAs were significantly (q < 0.05) associated with age, BMI, and sex, respectively. Additional adjustment for the blood cell parameters identified 12 and 19 miRNAs to be significantly associated with age and BMI, respectively. Most of the BMI-associated miRNAs likely originate from liver. Sex-associated differences in miRNA levels were largely determined by differences in blood cell parameters. Thus, only 7 as compared to originally 35 sex-associated miRNAs displayed sex-specific differences after adjustment for blood cell parameters. CONCLUSIONS: These findings emphasize that circulating miRNAs are strongly impacted by age, BMI, and sex. Hence, these parameters should be considered as covariates in association studies based on plasma miRNA levels. The established experimental and computational workflow can now be used in future screening studies to determine associations of plasma miRNAs with defined disease phenotypes.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/sangue , Índice de Massa Corporal , MicroRNAs/sangue , Caracteres Sexuais , Adulto , Idoso , Envelhecimento/genética , Células Sanguíneas/metabolismo , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Adulto Jovem
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