Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 428
Filtrar
1.
Am J Kidney Dis ; 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34662690

RESUMO

RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: Patients receiving maintenance dialysis have higher mortality following primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) than patients not receiving dialysis. Whether pPCI confers a similar benefit to patients receiving dialysis remains unknown. We compared the effect of pPCI on in-hospital outcomes among patients hospitalized for STEMI and receiving maintenance dialysis to the effect among patients hospitalized for STEMI but not receiving dialysis. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: We used the National-Inpatient-Sample (2016-2018) and included all adult hospitalizations with a primary diagnosis of STEMI. PREDICTORS: Primary exposure was PCI. Confounders included dialysis status, demographics, insurance, household income, comorbidities, and the elective nature of the admission. OUTCOMES: In-hospital mortality, stroke, AKI, new dialysis requirements, vascular complications, gastrointestinal bleeding, blood transfusion, mechanical ventilation, palliative care, and discharge destination. ANALYTICAL APPROACH: The average treatment effect [ATE] of pPCI was estimated using propensity score matching within ESRD and non-ESRD groups independently to explore if the effect is modified by ESRD status. Additionally, the average marginal effect [AME] was calculated accounting for the clustering within hospitals. RESULTS: 4,220 (1.07%) out of 413,500 hospitalizations were for patients receiving dialysis. The dialysis cohort was older (65.2±12.2 vs. 63.4±13.1, p<0.001), had more females (42.4% vs. 30.6%, p<0.001) and more comorbidities, but fewer White patients (41.1% vs. 71.7%, p<0.001). Patients receiving dialysis underwent less angiography (73.1% vs. 85.4%, p<0.001) or pPCI (57.5% vs. 79.8%, p<0.001). pPCI was associated with lower mortality in patients receiving dialysis (15.7% vs. 27.1%, p<0.001) as well as in those who were not (5.0% vs. 17.4%, p<0.001). The ATE on mortality did not differ significantly between patients receiving dialysis (-8.6% [-15.6%, -1.6%], p=0.02) and those who were not (-8.2% [-8.8%, -7.5%], p<0.001 (p-interaction=0.9). The AME method showed similar results (-9.4% [-14.8%, -4.0%], p<0.001) among patients receiving dialysis and those who were not (-7.9% [-8.5%, -7.4%], p<0.001) (p-interaction=0.59). Both the ATE and AME were comparable for other in-hospital outcomes in both groups. LIMITATIONS: Administrative data, lack of pharmacotherapy and long-term outcome data, and residual confounding. CONCLUSION: Compared with conservative management, pPCI for STEMI was associated with comparable reductions in short-term mortality among patients irrespective of their receipt of maintenance dialysis.

2.
Am J Cardiol ; 159: 8-18, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34656317

RESUMO

Little is known about how frequently do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders are placed in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), the types of patients in which they are placed, treatment strategies or clinical outcomes of such patients. Using the United States (US) National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database from 2015 to 2018, we identified 2,767,549 admissions that were admitted to US hospitals and during the hospitalization received a principle diagnosis of AMI, of which 339,270 (12.3%) patients had a DNR order (instigated both preadmission and during in-hospital stay). Patients with a DNR status were older (median age 83 vs 65, p < 0.001), more likely to be female (53.4% vs 39.3%, p < 0.001) and White (81.0% vs 73.3%, p < 0.001). Predictors of DNR status included comorbidities such as heart failure (OR: 1.47, 95% CI: 1.45 to 1.48), dementia (OR: 2.53, 95% CI: 2.50 to 2.55), and cancer. Patients with a DNR order were less likely to undergo invasive management or be discharged home (13.5% vs 52.8%), with only 1/3 receiving palliative consultation. In hospital mortality (32.7% vs 4.6%, p < 0.001) and MACCE (37.1% vs 8.8%, p < 0.001) were higher in the DNR group. Factors independently associated with in-hospital mortality among patients with a DNR order included a STEMI presentation (OR: 2.90, 95% CI: 2.84 to 2.96) and being of Black (OR: 1.29, 95% CI: 1.26 to 1.33), Hispanic (OR: 1.36, 95% CI: 1.32 to 1.41) or Asian/Pacific Islander (OR: 1.56, 95% CI:1.49-race. In conclusion, AMI patients with a DNR status were older, multimorbid, less likely to receive invasive management, with only one third of patients with DNR status referred for palliative care.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34668640

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies comparing clinical outcomes with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) versus optical coherence tomography (OCT) guidance for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients presenting with coronary artery disease, including stable angina or acute coronary syndrome, are limited. METHODS: We performed a detailed search of electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane) for randomized controlled trials and observational studies that compared cardiovascular outcomes of IVUS versus OCT. Data were aggregated for the primary outcome measure using the random-effects model as pooled risk ratio (RR). The primary outcome of interest was major adverse cardiac events (MACE), cardiac mortality, and all-cause mortality. Secondary outcomes included myocardial infarction (MI), stent thrombosis (ST), target lesion revascularization (TLR), and stroke. RESULTS: A total of seven studies met the inclusion criteria, comprising 5917 patients (OCT n = 2075; IVUS n = 3842). OCT-PCI versus IVUS-guided PCI comparison yielded no statistically significant results for all the outcomes; MACE (RR 0.78; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.57-1.09; p = 0.14), cardiac mortality (RR 0.97; 95% CI, 0.27-3.46; p = 0.96), all-cause mortality (RR 0.74; 95% CI, 0.39-1.39; p = 0.35), MI (RR 1.27; 95% CI, 0.52-3.07; p = 0.60), ST (RR 0.70; 95% CI, 0.13-3.61; p = 0.67), TLR (RR 1.09; 95% CI, 0.53-2.25; p = 0.81), and stroke (RR 2.32; 95% CI, 0.42-12.90; p = 0.34). Furthermore, there was no effect modification on meta-regression including demographics, comorbidities, lesion location, lesion length, and stent type. CONCLUSIONS: In this meta-analysis, OCT-guided PCI was associated with no difference in clinical outcomes compared with IVUS-guided PCI.

4.
J Am Heart Assoc ; : e022353, 2021 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34689608

RESUMO

Background Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are important measures of treatment response in heart failure. We assessed temporal trends in and factors associated with inclusion of PROs in heart failure randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Methods and Results We searched MEDLINE, Embase, and CINAHL for studies published between January 2000 and July 2020 in journals with an impact factor ≥10. We assessed temporal trends using the Jonckheere-Terpstra test and conducted multivariable logistic regression to explore trial characteristics associated with PRO inclusion. We assessed the quality of PRO reporting using the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) PRO extension. Of 417 RCTs included, PROs were reported in 226 (54.2%; 95% CI, 49.3%-59.1%), with increased reporting between 2000 and 2020 (P<0.001). The odds of PRO inclusion were greater in RCTs that were published in recent years (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] per year, 1.08; 95% CI, 1.04-1.12; P<0.001), multicenter (aOR, 1.89; 95% CI, 1.03-3.46; P=0.040), medium-sized (aOR, 2.35; 95% CI, 1.26-4.40; P=0.008), coordinated in Central and South America (aOR, 5.93; 95% CI, 1.14-30.97; P=0.035), and tested health service (aOR, 3.12; 95% CI, 1.49-6.55; P=0.003), device/surgical (aOR, 6.66; 95% CI, 3.15-14.05; P<0.001), or exercise (aOR, 4.66; 95% CI, 1.81-12.00; P=0.001) interventions. RCTs reported a median of 4 (interquartile interval , 3-6) of a possible of 11 CONSORT PRO items. Conclusions Just over half of all heart failure RCTs published in high impact factor journals between 2000 and 2020 included PROs, with increased inclusion of PROs over time. Trials that were large, tested pharmaceutical interventions, and coordinated in North America / Europe had lower adjusted odds of reporting PROs relative to other trials. The quality of PRO reporting was modest.

5.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(20): e018823, 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34612049

RESUMO

Background There are limited data on the management strategies, temporal trends and clinical outcomes of patients who present with non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction and have a prior history of CABG. Methods and Results We identified 287 658 patients with non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction between 2010 and 2017 in the United Kingdom Myocardial Infarction National Audit Project database. Clinical and outcome data were analyzed by dividing into 2 groups by prior history of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG): group 1, no prior CABG (n=262 362); and group 2, prior CABG (n=25 296). Patients in group 2 were older, had higher GRACE (Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events) risk scores and burden of comorbid illnesses. More patients underwent coronary angiography (69% versus 63%) and revascularization (53% versus 40%) in group 1 compared with group 2. Adjusted odds of receiving inpatient coronary angiogram (odds ratio [OR], 0.91; 95% CI, 0.88-0.95; P<0.001) and revascularization (OR, 0.73; 95% CI, 0.70-0.76; P<0.001) were lower in group 2 compared with group 1. Following multivariable logistic regression analyses, the OR of in-hospital major adverse cardiovascular events (composite of inpatient death and reinfarction; OR, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.90-1.04; P=0.44), all-cause mortality (OR, 0.96; 95% CI, 0.88-1.04; P=0.31), reinfarction (OR, 1.02; 95% CI, 0.89-1.17; P=0.78), and major bleeding (OR, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.90-1.11; P=0.98) were similar across groups. Lower adjusted risk of inpatient mortality (OR, 0.67; 95% CI, 0.46-0.98; P=0.04) but similar risk of bleeding (OR,1.07; CI, 0.79-1.44; P=0.68) and reinfarction (OR, 1.13; 95% CI, 0.81-1.57; P=0.47) were observed in group 2 patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention compared with those managed medically. Conclusions In this national cohort, patients with non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction with prior CABG had a higher risk profile, but similar risk-adjusted in-hospital adverse outcomes compared with patients without prior CABG. Patients with prior CABG who received percutaneous coronary intervention had lower in-hospital mortality compared with those who received medical management.

6.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(19): e021973, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34558289

RESUMO

Background Elderly patients have a higher burden of comorbidities that influence clinical outcomes. We aimed to compare in-hospital outcomes in patients ≥80 years old to younger patients, and to determine the factors associated with increased risk of major adverse events (MAE) after left atrial appendage closure. Methods and Results The National Inpatient Sample was used to identify discharges after left atrial appendage closure between October 2015 and December 2018. The primary outcome was in-hospital MAE defined as the composite of postprocedural bleeding, vascular and cardiac complications, acute kidney injury, stroke, and death. A total of 6779 hospitalizations were identified, of which, 2371 (35%) were ≥80 years old and 4408 (65%) were <80 years old. Patients ≥80 years old experienced a higher rate of MAE compared with those aged <80 years old (6.0% versus 4.6%, P=0.01), and this difference was driven by a numerically higher rate of cardiac complications (2.4% versus 1.8%, P=0.09) and death (0.3% versus 0.1%, P=0.05) among individuals ≥80 years old. In patients ≥80 years old, higher odds of in-hospital MAE were observed in women (1.61-fold), and those with preprocedural congestive heart failure (≈2-fold), diabetes (≈1.5-fold), renal disease (≈2.6-fold), anemia (≈2.7-fold), and dementia (≈5-fold). In patients <80 years old, a higher risk of in-hospital MAE was encountered among women (≈1.4-fold) and those with diabetes (≈1.3-fold), renal disease (≈2.6-fold), anemia (≈2-fold), and dyslipidemia (≈1.2-fold). Conclusions Patients ≥80 years old had higher rates of in-hospital MAE compared with patients aged <80 years old. Female sex and the presence of heart failure, diabetes, renal disease, and anemia were factors associated with in-hospital MAE among both groups.

7.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(18): e021808, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514850

RESUMO

Background There is increasing utilization of cardiogenic shock treatment algorithms. The cornerstone of these algorithms is the use of invasive hemodynamic monitoring (IHM). We sought to compare the in-hospital outcomes in patients who received IHM versus no IHM in a real-world contemporary database. Methods and Results Patients with cardiogenic shock admitted during October 1, 2015 to December 31, 2018, were identified from the National Inpatient Sample. Among this group, we compared the outcomes among patients who received IHM versus no IHM. The primary end point was in-hospital mortality. Secondary end points included vascular complications, major bleeding, need for renal replacement therapy, length of stay, cost of hospitalization, and rate of utilization of left ventricular assist devices and heart transplantation. Propensity score matching was used for covariate adjustment. A total of 394 635 (IHM=62 565; no IHM=332 070) patients were included. After propensity score matching, 2 well-matched groups were compared (IHM=62 220; no IHM=62 220). The IHM group had lower in-hospital mortality (24.1% versus 30.6%, P<0.01), higher percentages of left ventricular assist devices (4.4% versus 1.3%, P<0.01) and heart transplantation (1.3% versus 0.7%, P<0.01) utilization, longer length of hospitalization and higher costs. There was no difference between the 2 groups in terms of vascular complications, major bleeding, and the need for renal replacement therapy. Conclusions Among patients with cardiogenic shock, the use of IHM is associated with a reduction in in-hospital mortality and increased utilization of advanced heart failure therapies. Due to the observational nature of the current study, the results should be considered hypothesis-generating, and future prospective studies confirming these findings are needed.

8.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(18): e021367, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533035

RESUMO

Background Well-conducted meta-analyses are considered to be at the top of the evidence-based hierarchy pyramid, with an expansion of these publications within the cardiovascular research arena. There are limited data evaluating the trends and quality of such publications. The objective of this study was to evaluate the methodological rigor and temporal trends of cardiovascular medicine-related meta-analyses published in the highest impact journals. Methods and Results Using the Medline database, we retrieved cardiovascular medicine-related systematic reviews and meta-analyses published in The New England Journal of Medicine, The Lancet, Journal of the American Medical Association, The British Medical Journal, Annals of Internal Medicine, Circulation, European Heart Journal, and Journal of American College of Cardiology between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2018. Among 6406 original investigations published during the study period, meta-analyses represented 422 (6.6%) articles, with an annual decline in the proportion of published meta-analyses (8.7% in 2012 versus 4.6% in 2018, Ptrend=0.002). A substantial number of studies failed to incorporate elements of Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses or Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology guidelines (51.9%) and only a minority of studies (10.4%) were registered in PROSPERO (International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews). Fewer manuscripts failed to incorporate the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses or Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology elements over time (60.2% in 2012 versus 40.0% in 2018, Ptrend<0.001) whereas the number of meta-analyses registered at PROSPERO has increased (2.4% in 2013 versus 17.5% in 2018, Ptrend<0.001). Conclusions The proportion of cardiovascular medicine-related meta-analyses published in the highest impact journals has declined over time. Although there is an increasing trend in compliance with quality-based guidelines, the overall compliance remains low.

9.
Int J Cardiol ; 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34555446

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter mitral edge-to-edge repair (TEER) is an increasingly common procedure performed on patients with severe mitral regurgitation. This study assessed the impact of race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status on in-hospital complications after TEER. METHODS: Cohort-based observational study using the National Inpatient Sample between October 2013 and December 2018. The population was stratified into 4 groups based on race/ethnicity and quartiles of neighborhood income levels. The primary outcome was in-hospital complications, defined as the composite of death, bleeding, cardiac and vascular complications, acute kidney injury, and ischemic stroke. RESULTS: 3795 hospitalizations for TEER were identified. Patients of Black and Hispanic race/ethnicity comprised 7.4% and 6.4%, respectively. We estimated that White patients received TEER with a frequency of 38.0/100,000, compared to 29.7/100,000 for Blacks and 30.5/100,000 for Hispanics. In-hospital complications occurred in 20.2% of patients and no differences were found between racial/ethnic groups (P = 0.06). After multilevel modelling, Black and Hispanic patients had similar rate of overall in-hospital complications (OR: 0.84, CI:0.67-1.05 and OR: 0.84, CI:0.66-1.07, respectively) as compared to White patients, however, higher rates of death were observed in Black patients. Individuals living in income quartile-1 had worse in-hospital outcomes as compared to quartile-4 (OR: 1.19, CI:0.99-1.42). CONCLUSION: In this study assessing racial/ethnic disparities in TEER outcomes, aged-adjusted race/ethnicity minorities were less underrepresented as compared to other structural heart interventions. Black patients experienced a higher rate of in-hospital death, but similar overall rate of post-procedural adverse events as compared to White patients. Lower income levels appear to negatively impact on in-hospital outcomes. BRIEF SUMMARY: This study appraises race/ethnic and socioeconomical disparities in access and outcomes following transcatheter mitral edge-to-edge repair. Racial minority groups were less underrepresented as compared to other structural heart interventions. While Black patients experienced a higher rate of in-hospital death, they experienced similar overall rate of post-procedural complications compared to White patients. Lower income levels also appeared to negatively impact on outcomes.

10.
Am J Cardiol ; 158: 124-131, 2021 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470704

RESUMO

This was an observational study of the 1-year outcomes of the 20,000 patients included in the original CHARIOT study. The aim of the study was to assess the association between high sensitivity troponin I (hs-cTnI) concentration and 1 year mortality in this cohort. The original CHARIOT study included a consecutive cohort of in- and out-patients undergoing blood tests for any reason. Hs-cTnI concentrations were measured regardless of whether the clinician requested them. These results were nested and not revealed to the team unless requested for clinical reasons. One year mortality data was obtained from NHS Digital as originally planned. Overall, 1782 (8.9%) patients had died at 1 year. Multivariable Cox regression analysis showed that a hs-cTnI concentration above the upper limit of normal was independently associated with the hazard of mortality (HR 2.23; 95% confidence intervals 1.97 to 2.52). Furthermore, the log (10) hs-cTnI concentration was independently associated with the hazard of 1 year mortality (HR 1.77; 95% confidence intervals 1.64 to 1.91). In conclusion, in a large, unselected hospital population of both in- and out-patients, in 18,282 (91.4%) of whom there was no clinical indication for testing, hs-cTnI concentration was associated with 1 year mortality.

11.
Int J Clin Pract ; 75(11): e14758, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490963

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the patient characteristics and the reason for admission of patients with malignancy by malignancy, and to study mortality rates for the different causes of admissions among the different types of cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using the nationwide Inpatient Sampling (2015-2017) we examined the cause of admission and associated in-hospital mortality, stratified by presence and type of malignancy. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to examine the association between in-hospital mortality and malignancy sites for different primary admission causes. RESULTS: Out of 67 819 693 inpatient admissions, 8.8% had malignancy. Amongst those with malignancy, haematological malignancy was the most common (20.2%). The most common cause of admission amongst all cancers were malignancy-related admissions, where up to 57% of all colorectal admissions were malignancy-related. The most common non-malignancy cause of admission was infectious causes, which were most frequent among patients with haematological malignancy (18.4%). Patients with malignancy had higher crude mortality rates (5.7% vs 1.9%). Mortality rates were highest among patients with lung cancer (8.7%). Among all admissions, the adjusted rates of mortality were higher for patients with lung (OR 3.65, 95% CI [3.59-3.71]), breast (OR 2.06, 95% CI [1.99-2.13]), haematological (OR 1.79, 95% CI [1.76-1.82]) and colorectal (OR 1.71, 95% CI [1.66-1.76]) malignancies compared with patients with no malignancy. CONCLUSION: Our work highlights the need to consider the burden of cancer on our hospital services and consider how the prognostic impact of different types of admissions may relate to the type of cancer diagnosis and understand whether these differences relate to disparities in clinical care/treatments.


Assuntos
Pacientes Internados , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hospitalização , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Admissão do Paciente
12.
Int J Clin Pract ; 75(11): e14841, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514707

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer is the second most common cause of death globally after cardiovascular disease, and cancer patients are at an increased risk of CV death. This recognition has led to publication of cardio-oncological guidelines and to the widespread adoption of dedicated cardio-oncology services in many institutes. However, it is unclear whether there has been a change in the incidence of CV death in cancer patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Wide-Ranging, Online Data for Epidemiologic Research (CDC WONDER) Multiple Cause of Death dataset, we determined national trends in age-standardised mortality rates attributed to cardiovascular diseases in patients with and without cancer, from 1999 to 2019, stratified by cancer type, age, gender, race, and place of residence (state and urbanisation status). Among more than 17.8 million cardiovascular deaths in the United States, 13.6% were patients with a concomitant cancer diagnosis. During the study period, among patients with cancer, the age-adjusted mortality rate dropped by 52% (vs 38% in patients with no cancer). In cancer patients, age-adjusted mortality rate dropped more significantly among patients with gastrointestinal, breast, and prostate malignancy than among patients with haematological malignancy (59%-63% vs. 41%). Similar reduction was observed in both genders (53%-54%), but more prominent reduction was observed in older patients and in those living in metro areas. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings emphasise the role of multidisciplinary management of cancer patients. Widespread adoption of cardio oncology services have the potential to impact the inherent risk of increased CV mortality in both cancer patients and survivors.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Neoplasias , Idoso , Causas de Morte , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Mortalidade , Sobreviventes , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510705

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The relative safety and efficacy of polymer-free (PF) versus polymer-coated (PC) drug-eluting stents (DES) in patients with angina or acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention has received limited study. METHOD: Digital databases were queried to identify relevant studies. Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and secondary outcomes were compared using a random effect model to calculate unadjusted odds ratios (OR). RESULTS: A total of 28 studies consisting of 23,198 patients were included in the final analysis. On pooled analysis, there was no significant difference in the odds of MACE (OR 0.98, 95% CI 0.91-1.08) and major bleeding (OR 0.87, 95% CI 0.61-1.24) between patients undergoing PF-DES versus PC-DES. Similarly, the odds of myocardial infarction, stroke, stent thrombosis, cardiovascular mortality and need for target vessel revascularization was similar between the two groups. PF-DES was favored due to significantly lower odds of non-cardiac death (OR 0.78, 95% CI 0.68-89) and all-cause mortality (OR 0.87, 95% CI 0.80-0.95), but had a higher need for target lesion revascularization (OR 1.2, 95% CI 1.02-1.42). A subgroup analysis based on follow up duration, clinical presentation, presence of diabetes and class of eluting drugs mirrored the net estimates for all outcomes with a few exceptions. A sensitivity and meta-regression analysis showed no influence of single-study and duration of antiplatelet therapy on pooled outcomes. CONCLUSION: In patients presenting with angina or ACS, PF-DES might be favored due to lower all-cause mortality and equal risk of ischemic adverse cardiovascular and major bleeding events compared with PC-DES.

15.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(18): e021638, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533043

RESUMO

Background Women are less likely to receive primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) than men. A potential reason is risk aversion because of the worse outcomes with pPCI among women. However, whether pPCI is associated with a comparable mortality benefit in men and women remains unknown. Methods and Results We selected patients admitted with a principal diagnosis of ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction in the National Inpatient Sample (2016-2018). We used propensity-score matching to calculate average treatment effects of pPCI for in-hospital mortality, major complications, length of stay, and cost. As a sensitivity analysis, we used logit models followed by a marginal command to calculate the average marginal effect. We included 413 500 weighted hospitalizations (30.7% women, 69.3% men). Women had more comorbidities except smoking and prior sternotomy. Compared with men, women were less likely to undergo angiography (81.0% versus 87.0%; adjusted odds ratio [OR], 0.77; 95% CI, 0.74-0.81; P<0.001) or pPCI (74.0% versus 82.0%; adjusted OR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.73-0.79; P<0.001). There were no significant differences in average treatment effects of pPCI on mortality between men (-8.4% [-9.3% to -7.6%], P<0.001), and women (-9.5% [-10.8% to -8.3%], P<0.001) (P interaction=0.16). This persisted in age-stratified analyses (≥85, 65-84, 45-64, <45 years) and sensitivity analysis, excluding emergent admissions. The average treatment effects of pPCI on major complications were comparable except for acute stroke, leaving against medical advice, and palliative encounter. There were no differences in the average treatment effects of pPCI on length of stay, but the proportional increase in cost with pPCI was higher in women. Conclusions pPCI results in a comparable reduction in in-hospital mortality in men and women. Nonetheless, risk-adjusted rates of pPCI remain lower in women in contemporary US practice.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482404

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between the type of admission ward and quality of care and outcomes for non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). METHODS & RESULTS: We analysed data from 337,155 NSTEMI admissions between 2010-2017 in the United Kingdom (UK) Myocardial Ischaemia National Audit Project (MINAP) database. The cohort was dichotomised according to receipt of care either on a medical (n = 142,876) or cardiac ward, inclusive of acute cardiac wards and cardiac care unit (n = 194,279) on admission to hospital. Patients admitted to a cardiac ward were younger (median age 70y vs 75y, P < 0.001), and less likely to be female (33% vs 40%, P < 0.001). Independent factors associated with admission to a cardiac ward included ischaemic ECG changes (OR: 1.20, 95% CI: 1.18-1.23) and prior percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) (OR: 1.19, 95% CI: 1.16-1.22). Patients admitted to a cardiac ward were more likely to receive optimal pharmacotherapy with statin (85% vs 81%, P < 0.001) and dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) (91% vs 88%, P < 0.001) on discharge, undergo invasive coronary angiography (78% vs 59%, P < 0.001) and receive revascularisation in the form of PCI (52% vs 36%, P < 0.001). Following multivariable logistic regression, the odds of in-hospital all-cause mortality (OR: 0.75, 95% CI: 0.70-0.81) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) (OR: 0.84, 95% CI: 0.78-0.91) were lower in patients admitted to a cardiac ward. CONCLUSION: Patients with NSTEMI admitted to a cardiac ward on admission were more likely to receive guideline directed management and had better clinical outcomes.

18.
Lancet Reg Health Eur ; 7: 100144, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34557845

RESUMO

Background: Excess deaths during the COVID-19 pandemic compared with those expected from historical trends have been unequally distributed, both geographically and socioeconomically. Not all excess deaths have been directly related to COVID-19 infection. We investigated geographical and socioeconomic patterns in excess deaths for major groups of underlying causes during the pandemic. Methods: Weekly mortality data from 27/12/2014 to 2/10/2020 for England and Wales were obtained from the Office of National Statistics. Negative binomial regressions were used to model death counts based on pre-pandemic trends for deaths caused directly by COVID-19 (and other respiratory causes) and those caused indirectly by it (cardiovascular disease or diabetes, cancers, and all other indirect causes) over the first 30 weeks of the pandemic (7/3/2020-2/10/2020). Findings: There were 62,321 (95% CI: 58,849 to 65,793) excess deaths in England and Wales in the first 30 weeks of the pandemic. Of these, 46,221 (95% CI: 45,439 to 47,003) were attributable to respiratory causes, including COVID-19, and 16,100 (95% CI: 13,410 to 18,790) to other causes. Rates of all-cause excess mortality ranged from 78 per 100,000 in the South West of England and in Wales to 130 per 100,000 in the West Midlands; and from 93 per 100,000 in the most affluent fifth of areas to 124 per 100,000 in the most deprived. The most deprived areas had the highest rates of death attributable to COVID-19 and other indirect deaths, but there was no socioeconomic gradient for excess deaths from cardiovascular disease/diabetes and cancer. Interpretation: During the first 30 weeks of the COVID-19 pandemic there was significant geographic and socioeconomic variation in excess deaths for respiratory causes, but not for cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer. Pandemic recovery plans, including vaccination programmes, should take account of individual characteristics including health, socioeconomic status and place of residence. Funding: None.

19.
Am J Cardiol ; 157: 8-14, 2021 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34389155

RESUMO

Data comparing outcomes of transradial (TR) versus transfemoral (TF) access for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in chronic kidney disease (CKD) including patients with eGFR< 30 ml/min/1.73m2 and patients with end-stage renal disease on dialysis (ESRD) are lacking. This meta-analysis compares the outcomes of TR versus TF approach for PCI in patients with CKD. PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, ClinicalTrials.gov, and Google Scholar were searched for studies including adults with CKD undergoing PCI via a TR versus TF approach from January 1, 2000, until January 15, 2021. The primary outcome was in-hospital all-cause mortality and secondary outcomes included major bleeding, stroke, myocardial infarction (MI), blood transfusion, contrast volume, and fluoroscopy time. The analysis was performed using a random-effects-model using the Mantel-Haenszel method. Five observational studies met inclusion criteria, including 1,156 and 6,156 patients in the TR and TF arms, respectively. The mean age of included patients was 70.5 years, 66% were male and 90% had ESRD. In patients with CKD, TR access for PCI was associated with lower all-cause mortality (RR = 0.48; 95% CI: 0.32 to 0.73), major bleeding (RR = 0.51; 95% CI: 0.36 to 0.73), blood transfusion (RR = 0.53, 95% CI: 0.42 to 0.68) and contrast volume (SMD -0.34 [-0.60 to -0.08]) with no difference in stroke, MI, or fluoroscopy time compared with TF access. In conclusion, in patients with CKD undergoing PCI, the TR approach was associated with a lower risk of in-hospital mortality, post-procedural bleeding, and blood transfusion compared with TF access.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Periférico/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Artéria Femoral , Humanos , Artéria Radial , Diálise Renal , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia
20.
ESC Heart Fail ; 8(5): 3906-3916, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34382749

RESUMO

AIMS: This study aims to establish the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of outpatient intravenous (IV) diuretic treatment for the management of decompensated heart failure (HF) for patients enrolled in the HeartFailure@Home service. METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively analysed the clinical episodes of decompensated HF for patients enrolled in the HeartFailure@Home service, managed by ambulatory IV diuretic treatment either at home or on a day-case unit. A control group consisting of HF patients admitted to hospital for IV diuretics (standard-of-care) was also evaluated. In total, 203 episodes of decompensated HF (n = 154 patients) were evaluated. One hundred and fourteen episodes in 79 patients were managed exclusively by the ambulatory IV diuretic service-78 (68.4%) on a day-case unit and 36 (31.6%) domiciliary; 84.1% of patient episodes under the HF@Home service were successfully managed entirely in an out-patient setting without hospitalization. Eleven patients required admission in order to administer higher doses of IV diuretics than could be provided in the ambulatory setting. During follow-up, there were 20 (17.5%) 30 day re-admissions with HF or death in the ambulatory IV group and 29 (32.6%) in the standard-of-care arm (P = 0.02). There was no difference in 30 day HF readmissions between the two groups (14.9% ambulatory vs. 13.5% inpatients, P = 0.8), but 30 day mortality was significantly lower in the ambulatory group (3.5% vs. 21.3% inpatients, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Outpatient ambulatory management of decompensated HF with IV diuretics given either on a day case unit or in a domiciliary setting is feasible, safe, and effective in selected patients with decompensated HF. This should be explored further as a model in delivering HF services in the outpatient setting during COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Furosemida , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...