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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31926005

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While complications of TAVR have decreased, they still occur commonly and may negatively impact both short- and long-term outcomes. We sought to examine the association of complications after TAVR with survival and health status in a real world cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 45,884 TAVR patients from 513 US sites who survived 30 days, 21.4% had at least one major complication (stroke, bleed, vascular complication, new pacemaker, acute kidney injury [AKI], moderate/severe paravalvular leak [PVL]). In multivariable models, stage 3 AKI (HR 3.43, 95% CI 2.64-4.45), stroke (HR 2.62, 95% CI 2.06-3.32), and bleeding (HR 1.83, 95% CI 1.55-2.16) were independently associated with significantly increased risk of early death (<3 months) with slight attenuation in these hazards between 3 and 12 months. Moderate/severe PVL (HR 1.37, 95% CI 1.21-1.55) and new pacemaker (HR 1.15, 95% CI 1.05-1.25) were associated with more modest risk of excess mortality that was consistent through 12 months. Among surviving patients, stroke (-6.1 points, 95% CI -8.4 to -3.7), moderate/severe PVL (-3.2 points, 95% CI -4.9 to -1.6), and new pacemaker (-2.3, 95% CI -3.2 to -1.5) were associated with less improvement in 1-year health status, as assessed by the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire. CONCLUSIONS: In this study of contemporary TAVR, we found that complications remain common within the first 30 days after TAVR and are associated with worse one-year survival and health status among survivors. These findings support continued efforts to reduce major complications of TAVR and may also help define quality of care.

2.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(24): 2955-2965, 2019 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568867

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVr) for the treatment of mitral regurgitation (MR) is a complex procedure that requires development of a unique skillset. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between operator experience and procedural results of TMVr. METHODS: TMVr device procedures from the Society of Thoracic Surgeons/American College of Cardiology Transcatheter Valve Therapy registry were analyzed with operator case number as a continuous and categorical (1 to 25, 26 to 50, and >50) variable. Outcomes of procedural success, procedural time, and in-hospital procedural complications were examined. The learning curve for the procedure was evaluated using generalized linear mixed models adjusting for baseline clinical variables. RESULTS: All TMVr device procedures (n = 14,923) performed by 562 operators at 290 sites between November 2013 and March 2018 were analyzed. Optimal procedural success (≤1+ residual MR without death or cardiac surgery) increased across categories of operator experience (63.9%, 68.4%, and 75.1%; p < 0.001), while procedural time and procedural complications decreased. Acceptable procedural success (≤2+ residual MR without death or cardiac surgery) also increased with operator experience, but the differences were smaller (91.4%, 92.4%, and 93.8%; p < 0.001). These associations remained significant in adjusted, continuous variable analyses. Visual inflection points in the learning curves for procedural time, procedural success, and procedural complications were evident after approximately 50 cases, with continued improvements observed out to 200 cases. CONCLUSIONS: For TMVr device procedures, operator experience was associated with improvements in procedural success, procedure time, and procedural complications. The effect of operator experience was greater when considering the goal of achieving 1+ residual MR.

3.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655043

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to perceived technical challenges, patients with previous surgical mitral valve repair or replacement (SMVR) have been excluded from most transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) trials. Our objective was to compare the 30-day and 1-year outcomes of TAVR in patients with and without prior SMVR. METHODS: In a retrospective review of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) and American College of Cardiology (ACC) Transcatheter Valve Therapy (TVT) Registry, we compared 1,097 patients with prior SMVR to 46,327 without prior SMVR who underwent TAVR between November 2011 and September 2015 at 394 U.S. centers. Preoperative characteristics, procedural details, and clinical outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: Patients with previous SMVR were younger, more often female, and had higher STS Predicted Risk of Mortality (8.6% vs. 6.8%, p<0.001). However, there was no difference in 30-day mortality (4.6% vs. 5.5%, p=0.29), myocardial infarction, stroke, re-intervention, new dialysis, or readmission. Moderate/severe paravalvular leak (PVL) at discharge was also similar (5.8% vs. 4.9%, p=0.34). At 1 year, morbidity was similar but there was a trend toward higher mortality in those with prior SMVR (20.0% vs. 17.5%, p=0.09) that was significant after adjustment (HR 1.18, p=0.04). The type of prior SMVR (repair, bioprosthetic replacement, or mechanical replacement) had no impact on 30-day or 1-year survival. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with prior SMVR undergoing TAVR had similar 30-day outcomes, slightly higher 1-year mortality, and no increase in early PVL compared to those without previous SMVR. Prior SMVR should not preclude TAVR in appropriately selected patients.

4.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(18): 1751-1764, 2019 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31537276

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and outcomes of surgical bailout during transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: The incidence and outcomes of unplanned conversion to open heart surgery, or "surgical bailout," during TAVR are not well characterized. METHODS: Data from the Society of Thoracic Surgeons/American College of Cardiology TVT (Transcatheter Valve Therapy) Registry was analyzed with respect to whether surgical bailout was performed during the index TAVR procedure. A Cox proportional hazards models was used to evaluate 1-year mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events. RESULTS: Between November 2011 and September 2015, a total of 47,546 patients underwent TAVR. Surgical bailout during TAVR was performed in 1.17% of the cases (n = 558); the most frequent indications were valve dislodgement (22%), ventricular rupture (19.9%), and aortic valve annular rupture (14.2%). The incidence of surgical bailout significantly decreased over time (first tertile 1.25%, second tertile 1.43%, third tertile 1.04%; p = 0.0088). The 30-day and 1-year incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (54.6% vs. 7.4% [p < 0.0001] and 63.92% vs. 20.29% [p < 0.0001]) and all-cause mortality (50.00% vs. 4.98% [p < 0.0001] and 59.79% vs. 17.06% [p < 0.0001]) were significantly higher in those who underwent bailout. Independent predictors of surgical bailout included female sex, hemoglobin, left ventricular ejection fraction, nonelective cases, and nonfemoral access. Body surface area was the only independent predictor of survival after surgical bailout. CONCLUSIONS: In a large, nationally representative registry, the need for surgical bailout in patients undergoing TAVR is low, and its incidence has decreased over time. However, surgical bailout after TAVR is associated with poor outcomes, including 50% mortality at 30 days.

5.
JAMA ; 321(23): 2306-2315, 2019 06 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31211345

RESUMO

Importance: Reducing postprocedural stroke is important to improve the safety of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Objective: This study evaluated the trends of stroke occurring within 30 days after the procedure during the first 5 years TAVR was used in the United States, the association of stroke with 30-day mortality, and the association of medical therapy with 30-day stroke risk. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective cohort study including 101 430 patients who were treated with femoral and nonfemoral TAVR at 521 US hospitals in the Society of Thoracic Surgeons/American College of Cardiology Transcatheter Valve Therapies Registry from November 9, 2011, through May 31, 2017. Thirty-day follow-up ended June 30, 2017. Exposures: TAVR. Main Outcomes and Measures: The rates of 30-day transient ischemic attack and stroke were assessed. Association of stroke with 30-day mortality and association of antithrombotic medical therapies with postdischarge 30-day stroke were assessed with a Cox proportional hazards model and propensity-score matching, respectively. Results: Among 101 430 patients included in the study (median age, 83 years [interquartile range {IQR}, 76-87 years]; 47 797 women [47.1%]; and 85 147 patients [83.9%] treated via femoral access), 30-day postprocedure follow-up data was assessed in all patients. At day 30, there were 2290 patients (2.3%) with a stroke of any kind (95% CI, 2.2%-2.4%), and 373 patients (0.4%) with transient ischemic attacks (95% CI, 0.3%-0.4%) . During the study period, 30-day stroke rates were stable without an increasing or decreasing trend in all patients (P for trend = .22) and in the large femoral access subgroup (P trend = .47). Among cases of stroke within 30 days, 1119 strokes (48.9%) occurred within the first day and 1567 (68.4%) within 3 days following TAVR. The occurrence of stroke was associated with a significant increase in 30-day mortality: 383 patients (16.7%) of 2290 who had a stroke vs 3662 patients (3.7%) of 99 140 who did not have a stroke died (P < .001; risk-adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 6.1 [95% CI, 5.4-6.8]; P < .001). After propensity-score matching, 30-day stroke risk was not associated with whether patients in the femoral cohort were (0.55%) or were not (0.52%) treated with dual antiplatelet therapy at hospital discharge (HR, 1.04; 95% CI, 0.74-1.46) nor was it associated with whether patients in the nonfemoral cohort were (0.71%) or were not (0.69%) treated with dual antiplatelet therapy (HR, 1.02; 95% CI, 0.54-1.95). Similarly, 30-day stroke risk was not associated with whether patients in the femoral cohort were (0.57%) or were not (0.55) treated with oral anticoagulant therapy at hospital discharge (HR, 1.03; 95% CI, 0.73-1.46) nor was it associated with whether patients in the nonfemoral cohort were (0.75%) or were not (0.82%) treated with an oral anticoagulant (HR, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.47-1.83). Conclusions and Relevance: Between 2011 and 2017, the rate of 30-day stroke following transcatheter aortic valve replacement in a US registry population remained stable.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Pontuação de Propensão , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
6.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(2): e007552, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30704286

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Renal disease is associated with poor prognosis despite guideline-directed cardiovascular therapy, and outcomes by sex in this population remain uncertain. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients (n=5213) who underwent a MitraClip procedure in the National Cardiovascular Data Registry Transcatheter Valve Therapy registry were evaluated for the primary composite outcome of all-cause mortality, stroke, and new requirement for dialysis by creatinine clearance (CrCl). Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services-linked data were available in 63% of patients (n=3300). CrCl was <60 mL/min in 77% (n=4010) and <30 mL/min in 23% (n=1183) of the cohort. Rates of primary outcome were higher with lower CrCl (>60 mL/min, 1.4%; 30-<60 mL/min, 2.7%; <30 mL/min, 5.2%; dialysis, 7.8%; P<0.001), and all low CrCl groups were independently associated with the primary outcome (30-<60 mL/min: adjusted odds ratio, 2.32; 95% CI, 1.38-3.91; <30 mL/min: adjusted odds ratio, 4.44; 95% CI, 2.63-7.49; dialysis: adjusted hazards ratio, 4.52; 95% CI, 2.08-9.82) when compared with CrCl >60 mL/min. Rates of 1-year mortality were higher with lower CrCl (>60 mL/min, 13.2%; 30-<60 mL/min, 18.8%; <30 mL/min, 29.9%; dialysis, 32.3%; P<0.001), and all low CrCl groups were independently associated with 1-year mortality (30-<60 mL/min: adjusted hazards ratio, 1.50; 95% CI, 1.13-1.99; <30 mL/min: adjusted hazards ratio, 2.38; 95% CI, 1.78-3.20; adjusted hazards ratio: dialysis, 2.44; 95% CI, 1.66-3.57) when compared with CrCl >60 mL/min. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of patients who undergo MitraClip have renal disease. Preprocedural renal disease is associated with poor outcomes, particularly in stage 4 or 5 renal disease where 1-year mortality is observed in nearly one-third. Studies to determine how to further optimize outcomes in this population are warranted.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Nefropatias/fisiopatologia , Rim/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Cateterismo Cardíaco/mortalidade , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Nefropatias/diagnóstico , Nefropatias/mortalidade , Nefropatias/terapia , Masculino , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Desenho de Prótese , Sistema de Registros , Diálise Renal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(4): 373-382, 2019 02 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30784643

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between pre-procedural left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) patterns and clinical outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: The association between pre-procedural LVH pattern and severity and clinical outcomes after TAVR is uncertain. METHODS: Patients (n = 31,199) across 422 sites who underwent TAVR from November 2011 through June 2016 as part of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons/American College of Cardiology TVT (Transcatheter Valve Therapies) Registry linked with the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services database were evaluated by varying LVH patterns, according to sex-specific cutoffs for left ventricular mass index and relative wall thickness. The association between LVH pattern (concentric remodeling, concentric LVH, and eccentric LVH) and outcomes (rates of mortality, myocardial infarction [MI], stroke, new dialysis requirement) at 1-year follow-up were evaluated using multivariate hazard models. RESULTS: There were no significant associations between concentric remodeling (death: adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 1.03; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.93 to 1.15; MI: HR: 1.05; 95% CI: 0.76 to 1.46; stroke: HR: 1.11; 95% CI: 0.89 to 1.39; new dialysis: HR: 0.86; 95% CI: 0.64 to 1.15), concentric LVH (death: HR: 1.04; 95% CI: 0.95 to 1.15; MI: HR: 1.12; 95% CI: 0.82 to 1.52; stroke: HR: 1.14; 95% CI: 0.92 to 1.40; new dialysis: HR: 1.17; 95% CI: 0.90 to 1.52), or eccentric LVH (death: HR: 0.98; 95% CI: 0.87 to 1.10; MI: HR: 1.07; 95% CI: 0.71 to 1.63; stroke: HR: 1.01; 95% CI: 0.78 to 1.32; new dialysis: HR: 1.25; 95% CI: 0.92 to 1.70) and outcomes at 1 year compared with patients without LVH. CONCLUSIONS: In a contemporary cohort of patients who underwent TAVR, pre-procedural LVH according to left ventricular mass index and relative wall thickness was not associated with adverse outcomes at 1-year follow-up. TAVR is likely to benefit patients with severe aortic stenosis regardless of the presence of LVH.

8.
JAMA ; 320(21): 2231-2241, 2018 12 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30512100

RESUMO

Importance: Data are lacking on the effect of a renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitor prescribed after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Treatment with a RAS inhibitor may reverse left ventricular remodeling and improve function. Objective: To investigate the association of prescription of a RAS inhibitor and outcomes after TAVR. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective cohort study of TAVR procedures performed in the United States (using the Society of Thoracic Surgeons/American College of Cardiology Transcatheter Valve Therapies Registry) between July 2014 and January 2016 that were linked to Medicare claims data (final date of follow-up: March 31, 2017). To account for differences in demographics, echocardiographic findings, and in-hospital complications, 1:1 propensity matching was performed. Exposures: Initial hospital discharge prescription of a RAS inhibitor after TAVR. Main Outcomes and Measures: Primary outcomes were all-cause death and readmission due to heart failure at 1 year after discharge, which were considered separately. The secondary outcome was health status assessed by the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ; score range: 0-100, with a higher score indicating less symptom burden and better quality of life; a small effect size was defined as 5 points) at 1 year. Results: Among 21 312 patients who underwent TAVR at 417 US sites, 8468 patients (39.7%) were prescribed a RAS inhibitor at hospital discharge. After propensity matching, 15 896 patients were included (mean [SD] age, 82.4 [6.8] years; 48.1% were women; mean [SD] left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF], 51.9% [11.5%]). Patients with a prescription for a RAS inhibitor vs those with no prescription had lower mortality rates at 1 year (12.5% vs 14.9%, respectively; absolute risk difference [ARD], -2.4% [95% CI, -3.5% to -1.4%]; hazard ratio [HR], 0.82 [95% CI, 0.76 to 0.90]) and lower heart failure readmission rates at 1 year (12.0% vs 13.8%; ARD, -1.8% [95% CI, -2.8% to -0.7%]; HR, 0.86 [95% CI, 0.79 to 0.95]). When stratified by LVEF, having a prescription for a RAS inhibitor vs no prescription was associated with lower 1-year mortality among patients with preserved LVEF (11.1% vs 13.9%, respectively; ARD, -2.81% [95% CI, -3.95% to -1.67%]; HR, 0.78 [95% CI, 0.71 to 0.86]), but not among those with reduced LVEF (18.8% vs 19.5%; ARD, -0.68% [95% CI, -3.52% to 2.20%]; HR, 0.95 [95% CI, 0.81 to 1.12]) (P = .04 for interaction). Of 15 896 matched patients, 4837 (30.4%) were included in the KCCQ score analysis and improvements at 1 year were greater in patients with a prescription for a RAS inhibitor vs those with no prescription (median, 33.3 [interquartile range, 14.2 to 51.0] vs 31.3 [interquartile range, 13.5 to 51.1], respectively; difference in improvement, 2.10 [95% CI, 0.10 to 4.06]; P < .001), but the effect size was not clinically meaningful. Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients who underwent TAVR, receiving a prescription for a RAS inhibitor at hospital discharge compared with no prescription was significantly associated with a lower risk of mortality and heart failure readmission. However, due to potential selection bias, this finding requires further investigation in randomized trials.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/complicações , Causas de Morte , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Readmissão do Paciente , Pontuação de Propensão , Qualidade de Vida , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina/efeitos dos fármacos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Prevenção Secundária , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade
9.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 10(10)2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29042398

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is associated with increased cardiovascular mortality, and PAD risk factors overlap with those for aortic stenosis. The prevalence and outcomes associated with PAD in a population undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) are unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using the Society of Thoracic Surgeons/Transcatheter Valve Therapy Registry linked to Medicare claims data, we identified patients ≥65 years old undergoing TAVR from 2011 to 2015. We calculated hazard ratios for 1-year adverse outcomes, including mortality, readmission, and bleeding, for patients with PAD compared with those without, adjusting for baseline characteristics and postprocedure medications. Analyses were performed separately by access site (transfemoral and nontransfemoral). Of 19 660 patients undergoing transfemoral TAVR, 4810 (24.5%) had PAD; 3730 (47.9%) of 7780 patients undergoing nontransfemoral TAVR had PAD. In both groups, patients with PAD were significantly more likely to have coronary and carotid artery diseases. At 1-year follow-up, patients with PAD undergoing TAVR via transfemoral access had a higher incidence of death (16.8% versus 14.4%; adjusted hazard ratio, 1.14; P=0.01), readmission (45.5% versus 42.1%; hazard ratio, 1.11; P<0.001), and bleeding (23.1% versus 19.7%; hazard ratio, 1.18; P<0.001) compared with patients without PAD. Patients with PAD undergoing TAVR via nontransfemoral access did not have significantly higher rates of 1-year mortality or readmission compared with patients without PAD. CONCLUSIONS: PAD is common among patients undergoing commercial TAVR via transfemoral and nontransfemoral access. Among patients undergoing transfemoral TAVR, PAD is associated with a higher incidence of 1-year adverse outcomes compared with absence of PAD. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01737528.


Assuntos
Doença Arterial Periférica/mortalidade , Sistema de Registros , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/complicações , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Doença Arterial Periférica/complicações , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
10.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 6(8)2017 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28862964

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nearly 17% of patients are readmitted within 30 days of discharge after transcatheter aortic valve replacement. Selected patients are discharged to skilled nursing facilities, yet the association between a hospital's practice to discharge home versus to skilled nursing facilities, and readmission remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Society of Thoracic Surgeons/American College of Cardiology Transcatheter Valve Therapy (STS/ACC TVT) Registry was used to evaluate readmissions among patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (2011-2015). Hospitals were divided into quartiles (Q1-Q4) based on the percentage of patients discharged directly home. We assessed patient and hospital level characteristics and used hierarchical logistic regression to analyze the association of discharge disposition with 30-day readmission. Our cohort included 18 568 transcatheter aortic valve replacement patients at 329 US hospitals, of whom 69% were discharged directly home. Hospitals in the highest quartile of direct home discharge (Q4) compared with hospitals in the lowest (Q1) were more likely to use femoral access (75.2% versus 60.1%, P<0.001), had fewer patients receiving transfusion (26.4% versus 40.9%, P<0.001), and were more likely to be located in the Southern United States (48.8% versus 18.3%, P<0.001). Median 30-day readmission rate was 17.9%. There was no significant difference in 30-day readmissions among quartiles (P=0.14), even after multivariable adjustment (odds ratio Q4 versus Q1=0.89, 95%CI 0.76-1.04; P=0.15). Factors most strongly associated with 30-day readmission were glomerular filtration rate, in-hospital stroke or transient ischemic attack, and nonfemoral access. CONCLUSIONS: There was no statistically significant association between hospital practice of direct home discharge post-transcatheter aortic valve replacement and 30-day readmission. Further research is needed to understand regional variations and optimum strategies for postdischarge care.


Assuntos
Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/tendências , Hospitais/tendências , Alta do Paciente/tendências , Readmissão do Paciente/tendências , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/tendências , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Razão de Chances , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
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