Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 14 de 14
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Small ; 18(35): e2202768, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35931457

RESUMO

High-sensitivity nanomechanical sensors are mostly based on silicon technology and related materials. The use of functional materials, such as complex oxides having strong interplay between structural, electronic, and magnetic properties, may open possibilities for developing new mechanical transduction schemes and for further enhancement of the device performances. The integration of these materials into micro/nano-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS/NEMS) is still at its very beginning and critical basic aspects related to the stress state and the quality factors of mechanical resonators made from epitaxial oxide thin films need to be investigated. Here, suspended micro-bridges are realized from single-crystal thin films of (La0.7 ,Sr0.3 )MnO3 (LSMO), a prototypical complex oxide showing ferromagnetic ground state at room temperature. These devices are characterized in terms of resonance frequency, stress state, and Q-factor. LSMO resonators are highly stressed, with a maximum value of ≈260 MPa. The temperature dependence of their mechanical resonance is discussed considering both thermal strain and the temperature-dependent Young's modulus. The measured Q-factors reach few tens of thousands at room temperature, with indications of further improvements by optimizing the fabrication protocols. These results demonstrate that complex oxides are suitable to realize high Q-factor mechanical resonators, paving the way toward the development of full-oxide MEMS/NEMS sensors.

2.
Animals (Basel) ; 10(11)2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142968

RESUMO

The Sardo-Modicana is a local cattle breed from Sardinia, Italy. No information about its dairy potential is available in the literature. This study investigated the genotype at the CSN3 gene and milk traits of the Sardo-Modicana cattle breed. Fifty-four cows were sampled for DNA extraction and genotyping at the κ-casein gene locus, CSN3. Forty individual milk samples were analyzed for milk composition, milk coagulation properties and cheese yield (CY%). All the Sardo-Modicana cows were BB homozygotes at CSN3. Hence, the results were compared with the other two local Sardinian breeds. Eighty-three Sarda and 21 Sardo-Bruna cows were genotyped, and the A allele was found (at frequencies of 0.416 and 0.405, respectively). As regards milk traits, the mean protein value was 3.74 g/100 mL, and the mean casein value was 2.98 g/100 mL. Total bacterial and somatic cell counts showed excellent levels of hygiene considering the extensive farming and hand milking. In addition, milk produced by Sardo-Modicana cows was characterized by favorable values of coagulation properties and cheese yield. This information may represent a starting point for the conservation and enhancement of this breed.

3.
Nano Lett ; 20(10): 7251-7256, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32845156

RESUMO

Actuation at micro- and nanoscale often requires large displacements and applied forces. The high work energy density that lies inside many phase transitions is an appealing feature for developing new actuating schemes, especially if the transition is reversible and scalable into small actuating domains. Here, we show the fabrication of a planar nanomechanical actuator having chevron-type geometry and based on the phase transition of VO2. This device is thermally activated through heating just above room temperature to trigger the VO2 crystalline symmetry change associated with the metal-insulator transition. The large lattice expansion of VO2 phase transition, compared to standard materials, is further amplified by the chevron-type geometry. DC and AC operation of the device are discussed.

4.
Eur Phys J Plus ; 135(8): 627, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32832318

RESUMO

SrIrO 3 , the three-dimensional member of the Ruddlesden-Popper iridates, is a paramagnetic semimetal characterised by a the delicate interplay between spin-orbit coupling and Coulomb repulsion. In this work, we study the anisotropic magnetoresistance (AMR) of SrIrO 3 thin films, which is closely linked to spin-orbit coupling and probes correlations between electronic transport, magnetic order and orbital states. We show that the low-temperature negative magnetoresistance is anisotropic with respect to the magnetic field orientation, and its angular dependence reveals the appearance of a fourfold symmetric component above a critical magnetic field. We show that this AMR component is of magnetocrystalline origin, and attribute the observed transition to a field-induced magnetic state in SrIrO 3 .

5.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(25): 28894-28902, 2020 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32482063

RESUMO

Macroscopic current-voltage measurements and nanoscopic ballistic electron emission spectroscopy (BEES) have been used to probe the Schottky barrier height (SBH) at metal/Ge(100) junctions for two metal electrodes (Au and Pt) and different metallization methods, specifically, thermal-vapor and laser-vapor deposition. Analysis of macroscopic current-voltage characteristics indicates that a SBH of 0.61-0.63 eV controls rectification at room temperature. On the other hand, BEES measured at 80 K reveals the coexistence of two distinct barriers at the nanoscale, taking values in the ranges 0.61-0.64 and 0.70-0.74 eV for the cases studied. For each metal-semiconductor junction, the macroscopic measurement agrees well with the lower barrier found with BEES. Ab initio modeling of BEES spectra ascribes the two barriers to two different atomic registries between the metals and the Ge(100) surface, a significant relevant insight for next-generation highly miniaturized Ge-based devices.

6.
ACS Mater Lett ; 2(4): 389-394, 2020 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32478332

RESUMO

Oxide heterointerfaces constitute a rich platform for realizing novel functionalities in condensed matter. A key aspect is the strong link between structural and electronic properties, which can be modified by interfacing materials with distinct lattice symmetries. Here, we determine the effect of the cubic-tetragonal distortion of SrTiO3 on the electronic properties of thin films of SrIrO3, a topological crystalline metal hosting a delicate interplay between spin-orbit coupling and electronic correlations. We demonstrate that below the transition temperature at 105 K, SrIrO3 orthorhombic domains couple directly to tetragonal domains in SrTiO3. This forces the in-phase rotational axis to lie in-plane and creates a binary domain structure in the SrIrO3 film. The close proximity to the metal-insulator transition in ultrathin SrIrO3 causes the individual domains to have strongly anisotropic transport properties, driven by a reduction of bandwidth along the in-phase axis. The strong structure-property relationships in perovskites make these compounds particularly suitable for static and dynamic coupling at interfaces, providing a promising route towards realizing novel functionalities in oxide heterostructures.

7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(47): 44438-44443, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31663719

RESUMO

Strain engineering is one of the most effective approaches to manipulate the physical state of materials, control their electronic properties, and enable crucial functionalities. Because of their rich phase diagrams arising from competing ground states, quantum materials are an ideal playground for on-demand material control and can be used to develop emergent technologies, such as adaptive electronics or neuromorphic computing. It was recently suggested that complex oxides could bring unprecedented functionalities to the field of nanomechanics, but the possibility of precisely controlling the stress state of materials is so far lacking. Here, we demonstrate the wide and reversible manipulation of the stress state of single-crystal WO3 by strain engineering controlled by catalytic hydrogenation. Progressive incorporation of hydrogen in freestanding ultrathin structures determines large variations of their mechanical resonance frequencies, inducing static deformation. Our results demonstrate hydrogen doping as a new paradigm to reversibly manipulate the mechanical properties of nanodevices based on materials control.

8.
Phys Rev Lett ; 122(3): 036801, 2019 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30735404

RESUMO

We explore the superconducting phase diagram of the two-dimensional electron system at the LaAlO_{3}/SrTiO_{3} interface by monitoring the frequencies of the cavity modes of a coplanar waveguide resonator fabricated in the interface itself. We determine the phase diagram of the superconducting transition as a function of the temperature and electrostatic gating, finding that both the superfluid density and the transition temperature follow a dome shape but that the two are not monotonically related. The ground state of this two-dimensional electron system is interpreted as a Josephson junction array, where a transition from long- to short-range order occurs as a function of the electronic doping. The synergy between correlated oxides and superconducting circuits is revealed to be a promising route to investigate these exotic compounds, complementary to standard magnetotransport measurements.

9.
ACS Appl Nano Mater ; 1(7): 3446-3452, 2018 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30087952

RESUMO

Hydrogen-related technologies are rapidly developing, driven by the necessity of efficient and high-density energy storage. This poses new challenges to the detection of dangerous gases, in particular the realization of cheap, sensitive, and fast hydrogen sensors. Several materials are being studied for this application, but most present critical bottlenecks, such as high operational temperature, low sensitivity, slow response time, and/or complex fabrication procedures. Here, we demonstrate that WO3 in the form of single-crystal, ultrathin films with a Pt catalyst allows high-performance sensing of H2 gas at room temperature. Thanks to the high electrical resistance in the pristine state, this material is able to detect hydrogen concentrations down to 1 ppm near room temperature. Moreover, the high surface-to-volume ratio of WO3 ultrathin films determines fast sensor response and recovery, with characteristic times as low as 1 s when the concentration exceeds 100 ppm. By modeling the hydrogen (de)intercalation dynamics with a kinetic model, we extract the energy barriers of the relevant processes and relate the doping mechanism to the formation of oxygen vacancies. Our results reveal the potential of single-crystal WO3 ultrathin films toward the development of sub-ppm hydrogen detectors working at room temperature.

10.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 2276, 2018 06 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29892080

RESUMO

One of the hallmark experiments of quantum transport is the observation of the quantized resistance in a point contact in GaAs/AlGaAs heterostructures. Being formed with split gate technology, these structures represent in an ideal manner equilibrium reservoirs which are connected only through a few electron mode channel. It has been a long standing goal to achieve similar experimental conditions also in superconductors. Here we demonstrate the formation of a superconducting quantum point contact (SQPC) with split gate technology in a two-dimensional superconductor, utilizing the unique gate tunability of the superfluid at the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface. When the constriction is tuned through the action of metallic split gates we identify three regimes of transport: First, SQPC for which the supercurrent is carried only by a few quantum transport channels. Second, superconducting island strongly coupled to the equilibrium reservoirs. Third, charge island with a discrete spectrum weakly coupled to the reservoirs.

11.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 9(48): 42336-42343, 2017 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29111647

RESUMO

Interfaces between complex oxides constitute a unique playground for two-dimensional electron systems (2DESs), where superconductivity and magnetism can arise from combinations of bulk insulators. The 2DES at the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface is one of the most studied in this regard, and its origin is determined by the polar field in LaAlO3 as well as by the presence of point defects, like oxygen vacancies and intermixed cations. These defects usually reside in the conduction channel and are responsible for a decrease of the electronic mobility. In this work, we use an amorphous WO3 overlayer to obtain a high-mobility 2DES in WO3/LaAlO3/SrTiO3 heterostructures. The studied system shows a sharp insulator-to-metal transition as a function of both LaAlO3 and WO3 layer thickness. Low-temperature magnetotransport reveals a strong magnetoresistance reaching 900% at 10 T and 1.5 K, the presence of multiple conduction channels with carrier mobility up to 80 000 cm2 V-1 s-1, and quantum oscillations of conductance.

12.
Adv Mater ; 29(35)2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28714094

RESUMO

Relaxation oscillators consist of periodic variations of a physical quantity triggered by a static excitation. They are a typical consequence of nonlinear dynamics and can be observed in a variety of systems. VO2 is a correlated oxide with a solid-state phase transition above room temperature, where both electrical resistance and lattice parameters undergo a drastic change in a narrow temperature range. This strong nonlinear response allows to realize spontaneous electrical oscillations in the megahertz range under a DC voltage bias. These electrical oscillations are employed to set into mechanical resonance a microstructure without the need of any active electronics, with small power consumption and with the possibility to selectively excite specific flexural modes by tuning the value of the DC electrical bias in a range of few hundreds of millivolts. This actuation method is robust and flexible and can be implemented in a variety of autonomous DC-powered devices.

13.
Adv Mater ; 25(44): 6430-5, 2013 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24038351

RESUMO

A programmable micromechanical resonator based on a VO2 thin film is reported. Multiple mechanical eigenfrequency states are programmed using Joule heating as local power source, gradually driving the phase transition of VO2 around its Metal-Insulator transition temperature. Phase coexistence of domains is used to tune the stiffness of the device via local control of internal stresses and mechanical properties. This study opens perspectives for developing mechanically configurable nanostructure arrays.

14.
Adv Mater ; 24(21): 2929-34, 2012 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22528823

RESUMO

Two-terminal multistate memory elements based on VO(2)/TiO(2) thin film microcantilevers are reported. Volatile and non-volatile multiple resistance states are programmed by current pulses at temperatures within the hysteretic region of the metal-insulator transition of VO(2). The memory mechanism is based on current-induced creation of metallic clusters by self-heating of micrometric suspended regions and resistive reading via percolation.


Assuntos
Semicondutores , Titânio/química , Compostos de Vanádio/química , Condutividade Elétrica , Temperatura
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...