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1.
Phys Rev Lett ; 125(8): 080601, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32909766

RESUMO

The information on a quantum process acquired through measurements plays a crucial role in the determination of its nonequilibrium thermodynamic properties. We report on the experimental inference of the stochastic entropy production rate for a continuously monitored mesoscopic quantum system. We consider an optomechanical system subjected to continuous displacement Gaussian measurements and characterize the entropy production rate of the individual trajectories followed by the system in its stochastic dynamics, employing a phase-space description in terms of the Wigner entropy. Owing to the specific regime of our experiment, we are able to single out the informational contribution to the entropy production arising from conditioning the state on the measurement outcomes. Our experiment embodies a significant step towards the demonstration of full-scale control of fundamental thermodynamic processes at the mesoscopic quantum scale.

2.
Phys Rev Lett ; 121(16): 160602, 2018 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30387653

RESUMO

The Clausius inequality has deep implications for reversibility and the arrow of time. Quantum theory is able to extend this result for closed systems by inspecting the trajectory of the density matrix on its manifold. Here we show that this approach can provide an upper and lower bound to the irreversible entropy production for open quantum systems as well. These provide insights on how the information on the initial state is forgotten through a thermalization process. Limits of the applicability of our bounds are discussed and demonstrated in a quantum photonic simulator.

3.
Opt Lett ; 43(16): 4045-4048, 2018 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30106948

RESUMO

The simplicity of a question, such as wondering whether or not correlations characterize a certain system, collides with the experimental difficulty of accessing such information. Here we present a low-demanding experimental approach that refers to the use of a metrology scheme to obtain a conservative estimate of the strength of frequency correlations. Our test bed is the widespread case of a photon pair produced per downconversion. The theoretical architecture used to put the correlation degree on a quantitative ground is also described.

4.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 7247, 2017 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28775259

RESUMO

Not much, in the end. Here we put forward some considerations on how Hong-Ou-Mandel interferometry provides signatures of frequency entanglement in the two-photon state produced by parametric down-conversion. We find that some quantitative information can be inferred in the limit of long-pulse pumping, while the short-pulse limit remains elusive.

5.
Phys Rev Lett ; 118(13): 130502, 2017 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28409967

RESUMO

Standard thermometry employs the thermalization of a probe with the system of interest. This approach can be extended by incorporating the possibility of using the nonequilibrium states of the probe and the presence of coherence. Here, we illustrate how these concepts apply to the single-qubit thermometer introduced by Jevtic et al. [Phys. Rev. A 91, 012331 (2015)PLRAAN1050-294710.1103/PhysRevA.91.012331] by performing a simulation of the qubit-environment interaction in a linear-optical device. We discuss the role of the coherence and how this affects the usefulness of nonequilibrium conditions. The origin of the observed behavior is traced back to how the coherence affects the propensity to thermalization. We discuss this aspect by considering the availability function.

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