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1.
Sleep Sci ; 15(Spec 2): 398-405, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35371398

RESUMO

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most prevalent sleep-disordered breathing in the adult population and if untreated remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy is still the gold standard treatment for OSA, but patient acceptance and adherence are often poor due to a multitude of factors, thereby compromising treatment success. Mandibular advancement devices (MADs) have been proposed not only as a first line therapy for symptomatic snoring patients, but also for those suffering from mild to moderate OSA, or those who refuse or do not tolerate CPAP. Yet, improved understanding of MAD regarding design, construction, and mechanisms of action is an important requirement to successfully implement MAD as a therapeutic tool. Therefore, the main focus of this paper is to focus on the general concepts and mechanisms of action of MAD, while highlighting important characteristics in the context of their use as a viable and effective treatment option for OSA patients.

3.
Braz Oral Res ; 23(2): 108-12, 2009.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19684942

RESUMO

This study evaluated the Knoop hardness of a dual-cured resin cement (Rely-X ARC) activated solely by chemical reaction (control group) or by chemical / physical mode, light-cured through a 1.5 mm thick ceramic (HeraCeram) or composite (Artglass) disc. Light curing was carried out using conventional halogen light (XL2500) for 40 s (QTH); light emitting diodes (Ultrablue Is) for 40 s (LED); and Xenon plasma arc (Apollo 95E) for 3 s (PAC). Bovine incisors had their buccal face flattened and hybridized. On this surface a rubber mold (5 mm in diameter and 1 mm in height) was bulk filled with the resin cement. A polyester strip was seated for direct light curing or through the discs of veneering materials. After dry storage in the dark (24 h 37 degrees C), the samples (n = 5) were sectioned for hardness (KHN) measurements, taken in a microhardness tester (50 gF load 15 s). The data were statistically analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey's test (alpha = 0.05). The cement presented higher Knoop hardness values with Artglass for QTH and LED, compared to HeraCeram. The control group and the PAC/Artglass group showed lower hardness values compared to the groups light-cured with QTH and LED. PAC/HeraCeram resulted in the worst combination for cement hardness values.


Assuntos
Luzes de Cura Dentária , Facetas Dentárias , Cura Luminosa de Adesivos Dentários/métodos , Cimentos de Resina/efeitos da radiação , Autocura de Resinas Dentárias , Animais , Bovinos , Luzes de Cura Dentária/normas , Testes de Dureza , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina/química , Propriedades de Superfície , Fatores de Tempo
4.
Rev. fac. odontol. Univ. Fed. Bahia ; 38: [55-60], jan./jun. 2009. ilus
Artigo em Português | BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-858115

RESUMO

Dentre o complexo grupo de tumores odontogênicos, o ameloblastoma se destaca pela sua relativa freqüencia e variedade de subtipos, que determinam grandes diferenças na sua apresentação clínica e comportamento. De acordo com a Organização Mundial de Saúde, na sua classificação de 2005, existem quatro diferentes subtipos de ameloblastomas benignos (o multicístico, o periférico, o desmoplástico e o unicístico), além das variantes malignas. Esse artigo tem como objetivo relatar um caso de ameloblastoma unicístico no corpo mandibular e discutir seu tratamento


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Ameloblastoma , Mandíbula , Neoplasias Mandibulares , Tumores Odontogênicos
5.
Braz. oral res ; 23(2): 108-112, 2009. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-522289

RESUMO

This study evaluated the Knoop hardness of a dual-cured resin cement (Rely-X ARC) activated solely by chemical reaction (control group) or by chemical / physical mode, light-cured through a 1.5 mm thick ceramic (HeraCeram) or composite (Artglass) disc. Light curing was carried out using conventional halogen light (XL2500) for 40 s (QTH); light emitting diodes (Ultrablue Is) for 40 s (LED); and Xenon plasma arc (Apollo 95E) for 3 s (PAC). Bovine incisors had their buccal face flattened and hybridized. On this surface a rubber mold (5 mm in diameter and 1 mm in height) was bulk filled with the resin cement. A polyester strip was seated for direct light curing or through the discs of veneering materials. After dry storage in the dark (24 h 37°C), the samples (n = 5) were sectioned for hardness (KHN) measurements, taken in a microhardness tester (50 gF load 15 s). The data were statistically analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey's test (á = 0.05). The cement presented higher Knoop hardness values with Artglass for QTH and LED, compared to HeraCeram. The control group and the PAC/Artglass group showed lower hardness values compared to the groups light-cured with QTH and LED. PAC/HeraCeram resulted in the worst combination for cement hardness values.


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Luzes de Cura Dentária , Facetas Dentárias , Cura Luminosa de Adesivos Dentários/métodos , Cimentos de Resina/efeitos da radiação , Autocura de Resinas Dentárias , Luzes de Cura Dentária/normas , Testes de Dureza , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina/química , Propriedades de Superfície , Fatores de Tempo
6.
Braz Dent J ; 18(4): 305-8, 2007.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18278300

RESUMO

This study evaluated, using Knoop hardness test, the polymerization depth of Rely-X dual-cured resin cement activated by chemical reaction alone (control group) or by chemical/physical mode with light curing through a 1.5-mm-thick ceramic layer (HeraCeram). Bovine incisors had their buccal surface flattened and hybridized. On this surface, a rubber mould (5 mm diameter; 1 mm high) was bulk filled with cement. Either a polyester strip or a 1.5-mm-thick disc of the veneering material was seated over this set. Light curing was performed with either conventional halogen light (QTH; XL2500) for 40 s, light-emitting diode (LED; Ultrablue Is) for 40 s or xenon plasma arc (PAC; Apollo 95E) for 3 s. In a control group, cement setting occurred by chemical reaction alone. After storage dry in dark (24 h/37 degrees C), the specimens (n=5) were sectioned for hardness (KHN) measurements at three depths in a microhardness tester (50 gf load/15 s). Data were submitted to ANOVA and Tukey's test (alpha = 0.05). Rely-X cement presented higher Knoop hardness values when the QTH and LED LCUs were used, compared to the control group and PAC. Light curing with PAC resulted in lower hardness compared to the control group. Cement hardness was significantly lower in deeper regions.


Assuntos
Cura Luminosa de Adesivos Dentários/métodos , Cimentos de Resina/química , Silicatos de Alumínio/química , Animais , Bovinos , Luzes de Cura Dentária , Escuridão , Porcelana Dentária/química , Dureza , Teste de Materiais , Polímeros/química , Polímeros/efeitos da radiação , Compostos de Potássio/química , Cimentos de Resina/efeitos da radiação , Autocura de Resinas Dentárias/métodos , Propriedades de Superfície , Temperatura , Fatores de Tempo
7.
Braz. dent. j ; 18(4): 305-308, 2007. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-474469

RESUMO

This study evaluated, using Knoop hardness test, the polymerization depth of Rely-X dual-cured resin cement activated by chemical reaction alone (control group) or by chemical/physical mode with light curing through a 1.5-mm-thick ceramic layer (HeraCeram). Bovine incisors had their buccal surface flattened and hybridized. On this surface, a rubber mould (5 mm diameter; 1 mm high) was bulk filled with cement. Either a polyester strip or a 1.5-mm-thick disc of the veneering material was seated over this set. Light curing was performed with either conventional halogen light (QTH; XL2500) for 40 s, light-emitting diode (LED; Ultrablue Is) for 40 s or xenon plasma arc (PAC; Apollo 95E) for 3 s. In a control group, cement setting occurred by chemical reaction alone. After storage dry in dark (24 h/37ºC), the specimens (n=5) were sectioned for hardness (KHN) measurements at three depths in a microhardness tester (50 gf load/15 s). Data were submitted to ANOVA and Tukey's test (a = 0.05). Rely-X cement presented higher Knoop hardness values when the QTH and LED LCUs were used, compared to the control group and PAC. Light curing with PAC resulted in lower hardness compared to the control group. Cement hardness was significantly lower in deeper regions.


Este estudo avaliou, por meio do teste de dureza Knoop, a profundidade de polimerização do cimento resinoso dual (Rely-X) ativado quimicamente (grupo controle) ou química/fisicamente (dual), fotoativado através de uma faceta de cerâmica com 1,5mm de espessura (HeraCeram). Incisivos bovinos tiveram sua face vestibular planificada e hibridizada. Sobre esta superfície, uma matriz de borracha (5mm de diâmetro e 1mm de altura) foi preenchida com cimento. Uma tira de poliéster ou um disco de material de faceta foi assentado sobre essa matriz. No grupo dual, a fotoativação foi realizada com aparelho de lâmpada halógena convencional (XL2500), por 40s (QTH); luz emitida por diodos (Ultrablue Is), por 40s (LED); ou por luz emitida por arco de plasma de Xenônio (Apollo 95E), por 3s (PAC). No grupo controle, a presa do cimento ocorreu somente por ativação química. Após armazenamento em ambiente seco e escuro (24h/37ºC), as amostras (n=5) foram seccionadas para mensuração dos valores de dureza (KHN) em três diferentes profundidades, obtidos em um aparelho microdurômetro (50gf/15s). Os dados foram submetidos à análise de variância e ao teste de Tukey (a=0,05). O cimento Rely-X apresentou maiores valores de dureza Knoop após fotoativação com QTH e LED, comparados ao grupo controle e PAC. A fotoativação com PAC resultou em valores de dureza inferiores ao grupo controle. A dureza do cimento foi menor em regiões mais profundas.


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Cura Luminosa de Adesivos Dentários/métodos , Cimentos de Resina/química , Silicatos de Alumínio/química , Luzes de Cura Dentária , Escuridão , Autocura de Resinas Dentárias/métodos , Porcelana Dentária/química , Dureza , Teste de Materiais , Polímeros/química , Polímeros/efeitos da radiação , Compostos de Potássio/química , Cimentos de Resina/efeitos da radiação , Propriedades de Superfície , Temperatura , Fatores de Tempo
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