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1.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(11): e007938, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694412

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: No data exist about the characteristics of infective endocarditis (IE) post-transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) according to transcatheter valve type. We aimed to determine the incidence, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of patients with IE post-TAVR treated with balloon-expandable valve (BEV) versus self-expanding valve (SEV) systems. METHODS: Data from the multicenter Infectious Endocarditis After TAVR International Registry was used to compare IE patients with BEV versus SEV. RESULTS: A total of 245 patients with IE post-TAVR were included (SEV, 47%; BEV, 53%). The timing between TAVR and IE was similar between groups (SEV, 5.5 [1.2-15] months versus BEV, 5.3 [1.7-11.4] months; P=0.89). Enterococcal IE was more frequent in the SEV group (36.5% versus 15.4%; P<0.01), and vegetation location differed according to valve type (stent frame, SEV, 18.6%; BEV, 6.9%; P=0.01; valve leaflet, SEV, 23.9%; BEV, 38.5%; P=0.01). BEV recipients had a higher rate of stroke/systemic embolism (20.0% versus 8.7%, adjusted OR: 2.46, 95% CI: 1.04-5.82, P=0.04). Surgical explant of the transcatheter valve (SEV, 8.7%; BEV, 13.8%; P=0.21), and in-hospital death at the time of IE episode (SEV, 35.6%; BEV, 37.7%; P=0.74) were similar between groups. After a mean follow-up of 13±12 months, 59.1% and 54.6% of the SEV and BEV recipients, respectively, had died (P=0.66). CONCLUSIONS: The characteristics of IE post-TAVR, including microorganism type, vegetation location, and embolic complications but not early or late mortality, differed according to valve type. These results may help to guide the diagnosis and management of IE and inform future research studies in the field.

2.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(10): 911-920, 2019 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31122347

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare differences in patient characteristics and clinical outcomes of nonagenarians undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) versus patients younger than 90 years of age and to test the predictive accuracy of the logistic EuroSCORE (European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation), the EuroSCORE II, and the STS-PROM (Society of Thoracic Surgeons Predicted Risk of Mortality) for mortality after TAVR in nonagenarians. BACKGROUND: The prevalence of severe aortic valve stenosis is increasing due to the rising life expectancy. However, there are limited data evaluating outcomes in patients older than 90 years of age. Moreover, the predictive accuracy of risk scores for mortality has not been evaluated in nonagenarian patients undergoing transfemoral TAVR. METHODS: The CENTER (Cerebrovascular EveNts in Patients Undergoing TranscathetER Aortic Valve Implantation) collaboration (N = 12,381) is an international collaboration consisting of 3 national registries, 6 local or multicenter registries, and 1 prospective clinical study, selected through a systematic online search. The primary endpoint of this study was the difference in 30-day all-cause mortality and stroke after TAVR in nonagenarians versus patients younger than 90 years of age. Secondary endpoints included differences in baseline characteristics, in-hospital outcomes, and the differences in predictive accuracy of the logistic EuroSCORE, the EuroSCORE II, and STS-PROM. RESULTS: A total of 882 nonagenarians and 11,499 patients younger than 90 years of age undergoing transfemoral TAVR between 2007 and 2018 were included. Nonagenarians had considerably fewer comorbidities than their counterparts. Nevertheless, rates of 30-day mortality (9.9% vs. 5.4%; relative risk [RR]: 1.8; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.4 to 2.3; p = 0.001), in-hospital stroke (3.0% vs. 1.9%; RR: 1.5; 95% CI: 1.0 to 2.3; p = 0.04), major or life-threatening bleeding (8.1% vs. 5.5%; RR: 1.6; 95% CI: 1.1 to 2.2; p = 0.004), and new-onset atrial fibrillation (7.9% vs. 5.2%; RR: 1.6; 95% CI: 1.1 to 2.2; p = 0.01) were higher in nonagenarians. The STS-PROM adequately estimated mortality in nonagenarians, with an observed-expected mortality ratio of 1.0. CONCLUSIONS: In this large, global, patient-level analysis, mortality after transfemoral TAVR was 2-fold higher in nonagenarians compared with patients younger than 90 years of age, despite the lower prevalence of baseline comorbidities. Moreover, nonagenarians had a higher risk of in-hospital stroke, major or life-threatening bleeding, and new-onset atrial fibrillation. The STS-PROM was the only surgical risk score that accurately predicted the risk of mortality in nonagenarians.

3.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 111(2): 193-202, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30183986

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Balloon post-dilatation (BPD) is often needed for optimizing transcatheter heart valve (THV) implantation, since paravalvular leak (PVL) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation is associated with poor outcome and mortality. Quantitative assessment of PVL severity before and after BPD is mandatory to properly assess PVL, thus improving implantation results and outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To investigate a quantitative angiographic assessment of aortic regurgitation (AR) by videodensitometry before and after BPD. METHODS: Videodensitometric-AR assessments (VD-AR) before and after BPD were analysed in 61 cases. RESULTS: VD-AR decreased significantly from 24.0[18.0-30.5]% to 12.0[5.5-19.0]% (p < 0.001, a two-tailed p < 0.05 defined the statistical significance). The relative delta of VD-AR after BPD ranged from -100% (improvement) to +40% (deterioration) and its median value was -46.2%. The frequency of improvement, no change, and deterioration were 70% (n = 43), 25% (n = 15) and 5% (n = 3), respectively. Significant AR (VD-AR > 17%) was observed in 47 patients (77%) before and in 19 patients (31%) after BPD. CONCLUSIONS: VD-AR after THV implantation provides a quantitative assessment of post-TAVI regurgitation and can help in the decision-making process on performing BPD and in determining its efficacy.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/etiologia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aortografia , Densitometria , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Gravação em Vídeo
4.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(2): 193-202, Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-950218

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Balloon post-dilatation (BPD) is often needed for optimizing transcatheter heart valve (THV) implantation, since paravalvular leak (PVL) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation is associated with poor outcome and mortality. Quantitative assessment of PVL severity before and after BPD is mandatory to properly assess PVL, thus improving implantation results and outcomes. Objective: To investigate a quantitative angiographic assessment of aortic regurgitation (AR) by videodensitometry before and after BPD. Methods: Videodensitometric-AR assessments (VD-AR) before and after BPD were analysed in 61 cases. Results: VD-AR decreased significantly from 24.0[18.0-30.5]% to 12.0[5.5-19.0]% (p < 0.001, a two-tailed p < 0.05 defined the statistical significance). The relative delta of VD-AR after BPD ranged from -100% (improvement) to +40% (deterioration) and its median value was -46.2%. The frequency of improvement, no change, and deterioration were 70% (n = 43), 25% (n = 15) and 5% (n = 3), respectively. Significant AR (VD-AR > 17%) was observed in 47 patients (77%) before and in 19 patients (31%) after BPD. Conclusions: VD-AR after THV implantation provides a quantitative assessment of post-TAVI regurgitation and can help in the decision-making process on performing BPD and in determining its efficacy.


Resumo Fundamento: A pós-dilatação com balão (PDB) é normalmente necessária para otimização do implante da válvula cardíaca transcateter (THV), uma vez que o "escape" ou leak paravalvar (PVL) após implante de valva aórtica transcateter está associada com desfecho ruim e mortalidade. A avaliação quantitativa da gravidade do PVL antes e após a PDB é mandatória para se avaliar adequadamente o PVL e, assim, melhorar os resultados e os desfechos do implante. Objetivo: Investigar uma avalição angiográfica quantitativa da regurgitação aórtica (RA) por videodensitometria (VD-RA) antes e após a PDB. Métodos: Resultados da VD-RA antes e após a PDB foram analisados em 61 casos. Resultados Houve diminuição significativa da VD-RA de 24,0(18,0-30,5)% para 12,0(5,5-19,0)% (p < 0,001; p < 0,05 bilateral foi definido como significância estatística). O delta relativo de VD-RA após a PDB variou de -100% (melhora) a +40% (piora) e o valor mediano foi -46,2%. As frequências de melhora, ausência de mudança, e piora foram 70% (n = 43), 25% (n = 15) e 5% (n = 3), respectivamente. Observou-se RA significativo (VD-RA > 17%) em 47 pacientes (77%) antes e em 19 pacientes (31%) após a PDB. Conclusões: A VD-RA após o implante de THV possibilita a avaliação quantitativa da regurgitação pós-TAVI, e pode auxiliar na tomada de decisão quanto à realização ou não da PDB, bem como na avaliação de sua eficácia.

5.
Am Heart J ; 198: 129-134, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29653634

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous evidence suggests that acute treatment with statins reduce atherosclerotic complications, including periprocedural myocardial infarction, but currently, there are no large, adequately powered studies to define the effects of early, high-dose statins in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and planned invasive management. OBJECTIVES: The main goal of Statins Evaluation in Coronary procedUres and REvascularization (SECURE-PCI) Trial is to determine whether the early use of a loading dose of 80 mg of atorvastatin before an intended percutaneous coronary intervention followed by an additional dose of 80 mg 24 hours after the procedure will be able to reduce the rates of major cardiovascular events at 30 days in patients with an ACS. DESIGN: The SECURE-PCI study is a pragmatic, multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized trial planned to enroll around 4,200 patients in 58 different sites in Brazil. The primary outcome is the rate of major cardiovascular events at 30 days defined as a composite of all-cause mortality, nonfatal acute myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke, and coronary revascularization. SUMMARY: The SECURE PCI is a large randomized trial testing a strategy of early, high-dose statin in patients with ACS and will provide important information about the acute treatment of this patient population.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Atorvastatina/uso terapêutico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Idoso , Anticolesterolemiantes/uso terapêutico , Brasil , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Método Duplo-Cego , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Revascularização Miocárdica/métodos , Revascularização Miocárdica/mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Medição de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
JAMA ; 319(13): 1331-1340, 2018 04 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29525821

RESUMO

Importance: The effects of loading doses of statins on clinical outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and planned invasive management remain uncertain. Objective: To determine if periprocedural loading doses of atorvastatin decrease 30-day major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with ACS and planned invasive management. Design, Setting, and Participants: Multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial conducted at 53 sites in Brazil among 4191 patients with ACS evaluated with coronary angiography to proceed with a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) if anatomically feasible. Enrollment occurred between April 18, 2012, and October 6, 2017. Final follow-up for 30-day outcomes was on November 6, 2017. Interventions: Patients were randomized to receive 2 loading doses of 80 mg of atorvastatin (n = 2087) or matching placebo (n = 2104) before and 24 hours after a planned PCI. All patients received 40 mg of atorvastatin for 30 days starting 24 hours after the second dose of study medication. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was MACE, defined as a composite of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke, and unplanned coronary revascularization through 30 days. Results: Among the 4191 patients (mean age, 61.8 [SD, 11.5] years; 1085 women [25.9%]) enrolled, 4163 (99.3%) completed 30-day follow-up. A total of 2710 (64.7%) underwent PCI, 333 (8%) underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery, and 1144 (27.3%) had exclusively medical management. At 30 days, 130 patients in the atorvastatin group (6.2%) and 149 in the placebo group (7.1%) had a MACE (absolute difference, 0.85% [95% CI, -0.70% to 2.41%]; hazard ratio, 0.88; 95% CI, 0.69-1.11; P = .27). No cases of hepatic failure were reported; 3 cases of rhabdomyolysis were reported in the placebo group (0.1%) and 0 in the atorvastatin group. Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with ACS and planned invasive management with PCI, periprocedural loading doses of atorvastatin did not reduce the rate of MACE at 30 days. These findings do not support the routine use of loading doses of atorvastatin among unselected patients with ACS and intended invasive management. Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01448642.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Atorvastatina/administração & dosagem , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/administração & dosagem , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Idoso , Atorvastatina/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia
7.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 92(5): 945-953, 2018 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29520970

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the rate, the determinants of success, and the hemodynamic impact of balloon postdilatation (BPD) of self-expanding transcatheter heart valves (SE-THVs) BACKGROUND: BPD is commonly used to optimize valve expansion and reduce paravalvular leakage (PVL) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) without clearly knowing its hemodynamic benefits. METHODS: Patients (n = 307) who received a SE-THV were stratified according to whether a BPD was performed or not. Patients who received BPD were stratified according to the severity of PVL remaining after BPD into two groups: Successful BPD (≤mild PVL + BPD) and Failed BPD (moderate-severe PVL + BPD). RESULTS: BPD was performed in 121 patients (39.4%) and was successful in 106 patients (87.6% of attempts). A ratio of the postdilatation balloon diameter to the annulus diameter ≤0.95 was an independent predictor of BPD failure (OR: 10.72 [2.02-56.76], P = .005). Peak transvalvular pressure gradient (PG) was lower in the Successful BPD group (14[12-22] mm Hg) than in the Failed BPD group (18[16-23] mm Hg, P = .029), and did not rise in either group during follow-up (median [IQR], 364[161-739] days). CONCLUSION: BPD was performed in 39% of patients who received a SE-THV, and was successful in the majority of attempts. BPD failure was more likely in patients with a small postdilatation balloon-to-annulus diameter ratio. Effective BPD improved THV hemodynamic performance, and this was maintained in the intermediate-term post-TAVI.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/prevenção & controle , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valvuloplastia com Balão , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Hemodinâmica , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/instrumentação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Valvuloplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Brasil , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Desenho de Prótese , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
EuroIntervention ; 13(10): 1157-1165, 2017 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28691910

RESUMO

AIMS: In addition to patients with pure/predominant aortic stenosis (PAS), real-world transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) referrals include patients with mixed aortic valve disease (MAVD; severe stenosis+moderate-severe regurgitation). We sought to compare TAVI outcomes in patients with MAVD vs. PAS. METHODS AND RESULTS: Out of 793 consecutive patients undergoing TAVI, 106 (13.4%) had MAVD. Patients with MAVD were younger and had a higher operative risk, a more severe adverse cardiac remodelling, and a worse functional status than patients with PAS. Moderate-severe prosthetic valve regurgitation (PVR) was significantly more frequent in patients with MAVD than in patients with PAS (15.7% vs. 3.6%, p=0.003), even after propensity-score and multivariable adjustments. Moderate-severe PVR was associated with increased one-year mortality in patients with PAS (log-rank p=0.002), but not in patients with MAVD (log-rank p=0.27). Eventually, all-cause and cardiac mortality as well as the functional capacity were similar in the two study groups up to one year. CONCLUSIONS: A significant proportion of patients referred for TAVI in a real-world registry has MAVD. Moderate-severe AR at baseline can influence the rate and modify the clinical sequelae of post-TAVI PVR. Eventually, clinical outcomes in patients with MAVD are comparable to those in patients with PAS in the acute and midterm phases, in spite of a baseline higher risk. MAVD should not be considered a contraindication for TAVI.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 106(9): 752-759, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28444455

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with degenerative aortic stenosis (AS) referred for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) typically have advanced cardiac and vascular adverse remodeling and multiple comorbidities and, therefore, might not recover a normal functional capacity after valve replacement. We sought to investigate the prevalence, the predictors, and the prognostic impact of residual impairment of functional capacity after TAVI. METHODS AND RESULTS: Out of 790 patients undergoing TAVI with impaired functional capacity (NYHA II-IV) at baseline, NYHA functional class improved in 592 (86.5%) and remained unchanged/worsened in 92 (13.5%) at follow-up [median (IQR): 419 (208-807) days] after TAVI. Normal functional capacity (NYHA I) was recovered in 65.5% (n = 448) of patients, while the rest had variable degrees of residual impairment. On multivariable regression analysis, atrial fibrillation [odds ratio-OR, 2.08 (1.21-3.58), p = 0.008], low-flow-low-gradient AS [OR, 1.97 (1.09-3.57), p = 0.026], chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [OR, 1.92 (1.19-3.12), p = 0.008], and lower hemoglobin at baseline [OR, 1.11 (1.01-1.21) for each g% decrement, p = 0.036] were independently associated with residual impairment of functional capacity. All-cause and cardiac mortality were significantly higher in those with residual impairment of functional capacity than in those in NYHA I class [hazard ratio-HR: 2.37 (95% CI: 1.51-3.72), p < 0.001 and 2.16 (95% CI: 1.08-4.35), p = 0.030, respectively]. Even mild residual functional impairment (NYHA II) was associated with a higher all-cause [HR: 2.02 (95% CI: 1.10-3.72), p = 0.023] and cardiac [HR: 2.08 (95% CI: 1.42-3.07), p < 0.001] mortality. CONCLUSION: Residual impairment of functional capacity is common after TAVI and is independently associated with increased mortality. Predictors of residual impairment of functional status are predominantly patient-rather than procedure-related.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Sistema de Registros , Análise de Regressão , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 90(4): 650-659, 2017 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28109043

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate a new angiographic method for aortic regurgitation (AR) severity assessment in the setting of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). BACKGROUND: AR after TAVI is common but challenging to quantitate, especially in the cath-lab. METHODS: In 228 patients, AR was quantitated before and after TAVI by echocardiography and by video-densitometric analysis of aortograms. Contrast time-density curves for the aortic root (the reference region) and the left ventricular outflow tract, LVOT were generated. LVOT-AR was calculated as the area under the curve of the LVOT as a fraction of the area under the curve of the reference region. RESULTS: LVOT-AR was 0.10 ± 0.08, 0.13 ± 0.10 and 0.28 ± 0.14 in none-trace, mild and moderate-severe post-TAVI AR as defined by echocardiography (P < 0.001) and a cutpoint of >0.17 corresponded to moderate-severe AR on echocardiography (area under the curve = 0.84). At follow-up (median, 496 days), patients with LVOT-AR ≤ 0.17 showed a significant reduction of LV mass index (LVMi; 121 [95-148] vs. 140 [112-169] g/m2 , P = 0.009) and the prevalence of LV hypertrophy (LVH; 64 vs. 88%, P = 0.001) compared to baseline. In patients with LVOT-AR > 0.17, LVMi (149 [121-178] vs. 166 [144-188] g/m2 , P = 0.14) and the prevalence of LVH (74 vs. 87%, P = 0.23) did not show a significant change. Compared to patients with LVOT-AR ≤ 0.17, those with LVOT-AR > 0.17 had an increased 30-day (16.4% vs. 7.1%, P = 0.035) and one year mortality (32.9 vs. 14.2%, log rank P value = 0.001; HR: 2.690 [1.461-4.953], P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: LVOT-AR > 0.17 corresponds to greater than mild AR as defined by echocardiography and predicts impaired LV reverse remodeling and increased early and midterm mortality after TAVI. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Aortografia/métodos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Área Sob a Curva , Brasil , Densitometria , Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Curva ROC , Sistema de Registros , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 27(1): f:20-l:25, jan.-mar. 2017. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-836939

RESUMO

A estenose aórtica (EA) é uma doença frequente na população idosa e, quando sintomática, tem prognóstico desfavorável, sendo recomendada nesta situação a substituição valvar cirúrgica. Embora o tratamento cirúrgico seja o padrão para a correção da EA muitos pacientes não são candidatos adequados, devido ao risco perioperatório muito elevado. O implante da valva aórtica transcateter (TAVI) surgiu como interessante alternativa, principalmente nos casos de pacientes inoperáveis, demonstrando melhora significativa na sobrevida com relação ao tratamento clínico. Nos pacientes com risco cirúrgico elevado apresentou resultados equivalentes à troca valvar aórtica cirúrgica, com taxas de sobrevivência equivalentes ou até superiores. Os resultados clínicos encorajadores somados aos rápidos avanços da tecnologia geraram interesse no uso desses dispositivos em pacientes de risco intermediário. Atualmente já existem evidências demonstrando a não inferioridade da TAVI com relação à cirurgia para a correção da EA em pacientes de médio risco e esses dispositivos já estão aprovados nos Estados Unidos e Europa para o tratamento desse grupo de pacientes. No presente artigo são sumarizados os principais estudos que foram fundamentais para a implementação da TAVI na prática clínica atual e para aprovação pelos principais órgãos reguladores mundiais


Aortic stenosis (AS) is a common disease in the elderly population; when symptomatic, it has an unfavorable prognosis and aortic valve replacement is recommended. Although surgical replacement is the standard treatment for AS, many patients are not suitable candidates because of high perioperative risk. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has emerged as an interesting alternative, especially in inoperable cases, showing significant improvements in survival over clinical treatment. In patients with high surgical risk TAVI has demonstrated results equivalent to surgical aortic valve replacement with similar or even higher survival rates. These encouraging clinical results coupled with advances in technology have generated interest in using TAVI in lower-risk populations. There is currently evidence showing that TAVI is not inferior to surgical treatment of AS in intermediate-risk patients, and these devices have already been approved in the United States and Europe for treating this group of patients. This article summarizes the main studies that were fundamental in implementing TAVI into current clinical practice and approval by the main global regulatory agencies


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Clínicos como Assunto/métodos , Próteses e Implantes/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/terapia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Hemorragia/complicações , Marca-Passo Artificial , Pacientes , Estudos Prospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
EuroIntervention ; 13(1): 60-68, 2017 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27993754

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the intermediate-term clinical impact of aortic regurgitation (AR) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) using a novel quantitative angiographic method taking into account the influence of pre-existing AR. METHODS AND RESULTS: AR after TAVI was quantified in 338 patients (age 82 [78-86] years; 55% male) and the influence on intermediate-term all-cause mortality was evaluated. In 228 aortograms, AR was quantitated using a dedicated videodensitometric method focused in the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT-AR). Patients with LVOT-AR >0.17 had a significantly increased all-cause mortality at three years, compared with patients who had LVOT-AR ≤0.17 (adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 1.73, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.05-2.86, p=0.032). Taking the influence of pre-existing AR into account, patients with post-procedural LVOT-AR >0.17 and ≤mild pre-existing AR had a significantly increased mortality at two years, compared to patients with LVOT-AR >0.17 and >mild pre-existing AR (HR: 2.55, 95% CI: 1.16-5.58, p=0.029). In those with >mild pre-existing AR (n=70), post-TAVI LVOT-AR >0.17 was not associated with increased mortality (HR: 0.77, 95% CI: 0.31-1.91, p=0.578). CONCLUSIONS: AR after TAVI could be quantitated utilising LVOT-AR. The cut-point of >0.17 indicates a significant AR pertaining to increased intermediate-term mortality, especially in those with no significant pre-existing AR.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/etiologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos
15.
EuroIntervention ; 13(1): 60-68, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-36529

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the intermediate-term clinical impact of aortic regurgitation (AR) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) using a novel quantitative angiographic method taking into account the influence of pre-existing AR.METHODS AND RESULTS:AR after TAVI was quantified in 338 patients (age 82 [78-86] years; 55% male) and the influence on intermediate-term all-cause mortality was evaluated. In 228 aortograms, AR was quantitated using a dedicated videodensitometric method focused in the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT-AR). Patients with LVOT-AR >0.17 had a significantly increased all-cause mortality at three years, compared with patients who had LVOT-AR ≤0.17 (adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 1.73, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.05-2.86, p=0.032). Taking the influence of pre-existing AR into account, patients with post-procedural LVOT-AR >0.17 and ≤mild pre-existing AR had a significantly increased mortality at two years, compared to patients with LVOT-AR >0.17 and >mild pre-existing AR (HR: 2.55, 95% CI: 1.16-5.58, p=0.029). In those with >mild pre-existing AR (n=70), post-TAVI LVOT-AR >0.17 was not associated with increased mortality (HR: 0.77, 95% CI: 0.31-1.91, p=0.578).CONCLUSIONS:AR after TAVI could be quantitated utilising LVOT-AR. The cut-point of >0.17 indicates a significant AR pertaining to increased intermediate-term mortality, especially in those with no significant pre-existing AR...(AU)


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica , Angiografia
16.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 106(9): 752-759, 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-36531

RESUMO

Background Patients with degenerative aortic stenosis(AS) referred for transcatheter aortic valve implantation(TAVI) typically have advanced cardiac and vascular adverse remodeling and multiple comorbidities and,therefore, might not recover a normal functional capacity after valve replacement. We sought to investigate the prevalence, the predictors, and the prognostic impact of residual impairment of functional capacity after TAVI. Methods and results Out of 790 patients undergoing TAVI with impaired functional capacity (NYHA II–IV) at baseline, NYHA functional class improved in 592 (86.5%) andremained unchanged/worsened in 92 (13.5%) at follow-up[median (IQR): 419 (208–807) days] after TAVI. Normal functional capacity (NYHA I) was recovered in 65.5%(n = 448) of patients, while the rest had variable degrees of residual impairment. On multivariable regression analysis,atrial fibrillation [odds ratio-OR, 2.08 (1.21–3.58), p = 0.008],low-flow–low-gradient AS [OR, 1.97 (1.09–3.57),p = 0.026], chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [OR, 1.92(1.19–3.12), p = 0.008], and lower hemoglobin at baseline[OR, 1.11 (1.01–1.21) for each g% decrement, p = 0.036]were independently associated with residual impairment offunctional capacity. All-cause and cardiac mortality weresignificantly higher in those with residual impairment of functional capacity than in those in NYHA I class [hazard ratioHR:2.37 (95% CI: 1.51–3.72), p\0.001 and 2.16 (95% CI:1.08–4.35), p = 0.030, respectively]. Even mild residual functional impairment (NYHA II) was associated with a higherall-cause [HR: 2.02 (95% CI: 1.10–3.72), p = 0.023] andcardiac [HR: 2.08 (95% CI: 1.42–3.07), p\0.001] mortality. Conclusion Residual impairment of functional capacity iscommon after TAVI and is independently associated with increased mortality. Predictors of residual impairment of functional status are predominantly patient-rather than procedure-related.(AU)


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Qualidade de Vida
17.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 90(4): 650-659, 2017. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-36533

RESUMO

We sought to investigate a new angiographic method for aortic regurgitation (AR) severity assessment in the setting of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). AR after TAVI is common but challenging to quantitate, especially in the cath-lab. In 228 patients, AR was quantitated before and after TAVI by echocardiography and by video-densitometric analysis of aortograms. Contrast time– density curves for the aortic root (the reference region) and the left ventricular outflow tract, LVOT were generated. LVOT-AR was calculated as the area under the curve of the LVOT as a fraction of the area under the curve of the reference region. LVOT-AR was 0.10 6 0.08, 0.13 6 0.10 and 0.28 6 0.14 in none-trace, mild and moderate-severe post-TAVI AR as defined by echocardiography (P < 0.001) and a cutpoint of >0.17 corresponded to moderate-severe AR on echocardiography (area under the curve 5 0.84). At follow-up (median, 496 days), patients with LVOT-AR 0.17 showed a significant reduction of LV mass index (LVMi; 121 [95–148] vs. 140 [112– 169] g/m2 , P 5 0.009) and the prevalence of LV hypertrophy (LVH; 64 vs. 88%, P 5 0.001) compared to baseline. In patients with LVOT-AR > 0.17, LVMi (149 [121–178] vs. 166 [144–188] g/m2 , P 5 0.14) and the prevalence of LVH (74 vs. 87%, P 5 0.23) did not show a significant change. Compared to patients with LVOT-AR 0.17, those with LVOT-AR > 0.17 had an increased 30-day (16.4% vs. 7.1%, P 5 0.035) and one year mortality (32.9 vs. 14.2%, log rank P value 5 0.001; HR: 2.690 [1.461–4.953], P 5 0.001). LVOT-AR > 0.17 corresponds to greater than mild AR as defined by echocardiography and predicts impaired LV reverse remodeling and increased early and midterm mortality after TAVI.(AU)


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Angiografia , Ecocardiografia
18.
EuroIntervention ; 13(10): 1157-1165, 2017. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-36534

RESUMO

In addition to patients with pure/predominant aortic stenosis (PAS), real-world transcatheter aortic valve implantation(TAVI) referrals include patients with mixed aortic valve disease (MAVD; severe stenosis+moderate-severe regurgitation). We sought to compare TAVI outcomes in patients with MAVD vs. PAS. Out of 793 consecutive patients undergoing TAVI, 106 (13.4%) had MAVD. Patients with MAVD were younger and had a higher operative risk, a more severe adverse cardiac remodelling, and a worse functional status than patients with PAS. Moderate-severe prosthetic valve regurgitation (PVR) was significantly more frequent in patients with MAVD than in patients with PAS (15.7% vs. 3.6%, p=0.003), even after propensity-score and multivariable adjustments. Moderate-severe PVR was associated with increased one-year mortality in patients with PAS (log-rank p=0.002), but not in patients with MAVD (log-rank p=0.27). Eventually, all-cause and cardiac mortality as well as the functional capacity were similar in the two study groups up to one year. A significant proportion of patients referred for TAVI in a real-world registry has MAVD. Moderate-severe AR at baseline can influence the rate and modify the clinical sequelae of post-TAVI PVR. Eventually, clinical outcomes in patients with MAVD are comparable to those in patients with PAS in the acute and midterm phases, in spite of a baseline higher risk. MAVD should not be considered a contraindication for TAVI.(AU)


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica
19.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 82(Supl): S15-S21, 2017. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-982772

RESUMO

Snapping triceps es la luxación del vientre medial del tríceps por encima de la epitróclea, asociada o no a la luxación del nervio cubital. En algunos casos publicados, los pacientes eran intervenidos por luxación del nervio cubital y, durante la cirugía, se diagnosticaba la luxación del vientre medial del tríceps, incluso algunos pacientes eran operados en varias oportunidades. Presentamos un paciente de 16 años que refiere un resalto en la región medial de ambos codos. En el examen físico, es evidente un doble resalto tanto del nervio cubital, como del vientre medial del tríceps. Estos hallazgos se confirman por ecografía comparativa bilateral. El tratamiento quirúrgico consistió en la transposición cubital transmuscular y la resección del vientre medial del tríceps que se luxaba anterior a la epitróclea. Los dos codos fueron operados con diferencia de un mes. El paciente tuvo una excelente evolución sin complicaciones a los dos meses de las operaciones. Esta patología poco frecuente debe ser considerada con atención, ya que puede llevar a errores de diagnóstico y de tratamiento. Nivel de Evidencia: IV.


Snapping triceps is the dislocation of the medial triceps belly above the medial epicondyle, with or without the ulnar nerve. In some cases described in the literature, patients were operated on by ulnar nerve dislocation and dislocation of the medial triceps belly was diagnosed during surgery; some patients were even operated on several occasions. We report the case of a 16-year-old patient with a snap in the medial region of both elbows. Physical examination reveals a clear doublé click of the ulnar nerve and the medial triceps belly. These findings are confirmed by bilateral comparative ultrasound. Surgical treatment consisted of transmuscular ulnar transposition and resection of dislocated medial triceps belly. Both elbows were operated on one month apart. Two months after surgeries, the patient achieved an excellent outcome without complications. This rare condition must be carefully considered since it may lead to diagnostic and therapeutic errors. Level of Evidence: IV.


Assuntos
Humanos , Adolescente , Articulação do Cotovelo/cirurgia , Instabilidade Articular , Nervo Ulnar/lesões , Nervo Ulnar/cirurgia
20.
JAMA ; 316(10): 1083-92, 2016 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27623462

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: Limited data exist on clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients who had infective endocarditis after undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). OBJECTIVE: To determine the associated factors, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of patients who had infective endocarditis after TAVR. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: The Infectious Endocarditis after TAVR International Registry included patients with definite infective endocarditis after TAVR from 47 centers from Europe, North America, and South America between June 2005 and October 2015. EXPOSURE: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement for incidence of infective endocarditis and infective endocarditis for in-hospital mortality. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Infective endocarditis and in-hospital mortality after infective endocarditis. RESULTS: A total of 250 cases of infective endocarditis occurred in 20 006 patients after TAVR (incidence, 1.1% per person-year; 95% CI, 1.1%-1.4%; median age, 80 years; 64% men). Median time from TAVR to infective endocarditis was 5.3 months (interquartile range [IQR], 1.5-13.4 months). The characteristics associated with higher risk of progressing to infective endocarditis after TAVR was younger age (78.9 years vs 81.8 years; hazard ratio [HR], 0.97 per year; 95% CI, 0.94-0.99), male sex (62.0% vs 49.7%; HR, 1.69; 95% CI, 1.13-2.52), diabetes mellitus (41.7% vs 30.0%; HR, 1.52; 95% CI, 1.02-2.29), and moderate to severe aortic regurgitation (22.4% vs 14.7%; HR, 2.05; 95% CI, 1.28-3.28). Health care-associated infective endocarditis was present in 52.8% (95% CI, 46.6%-59.0%) of patients. Enterococci species and Staphylococcus aureus were the most frequently isolated microorganisms (24.6%; 95% CI, 19.1%-30.1% and 23.3%; 95% CI, 17.9%-28.7%, respectively). The in-hospital mortality rate was 36% (95% CI, 30.0%-41.9%; 90 deaths; 160 survivors), and surgery was performed in 14.8% (95% CI, 10.4%-19.2%) of patients during the infective endocarditis episode. In-hospital mortality was associated with a higher logistic EuroSCORE (23.1% vs 18.6%; odds ratio [OR], 1.03 per 1% increase; 95% CI, 1.00-1.05), heart failure (59.3% vs 23.7%; OR, 3.36; 95% CI, 1.74-6.45), and acute kidney injury (67.4% vs 31.6%; OR, 2.70; 95% CI, 1.42-5.11). The 2-year mortality rate was 66.7% (95% CI, 59.0%-74.2%; 132 deaths; 115 survivors). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Among patients undergoing TAVR, younger age, male sex, history of diabetes mellitus, and moderate to severe residual aortic regurgitation were significantly associated with an increased risk of infective endocarditis. Patients who developed endocarditis had high rates of in-hospital mortality and 2-year mortality.


Assuntos
Endocardite Bacteriana/epidemiologia , Endocardite/etiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Endocardite Bacteriana/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Infecções Estafilocócicas/epidemiologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/etiologia , Staphylococcus aureus , Resultado do Tratamento
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