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Int J Cardiol ; 2018 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30274750

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The value of the 12-lead ECG in the diagnosis of non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) is limited due to insufficient sensitivity and specificity of standard ECG criteria. The QRS-T angle reflects depolarization-repolarization heterogeneity and might assist in detecting patients with a NSTEMI (diagnosis) as well as predicting patients with an increased mortality risk (prognosis). METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 2705 consecutive patients with symptoms suggestive of NSTEMI. The QRS-T angle was automatically derived from the standard 10 s 12-lead ECG recorded at presentation to the ED. Patients were followed up for all-cause mortality for 2 years. RESULTS: NSTEMI was the final diagnosis in 15% (n = 412) of patients. QRS-T angles were significantly greater in patients with NSTEMI compared to those without (p < 0.001). The use of the QRS-T angle in addition to standard ECG criteria indicative of ischemia improved the diagnostic accuracy for NSTEMI as quantified by the area under the ROC curve from 0.68 to 0.72 (p < 0.001). An algorithm for the combined use of standard ECG criteria and the QRS-T angle improved the sensitivity of the ECG for NSTEMI from 45% to 78% and the specificity from 86% to 91% (p < 0.001 for both comparisons). The 2-year survival rates were 98%, 97% and 87% according to QRS-T angle tertiles (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: In patients with suspected NSTEMI, the QRS-T angle derived from the standard 12-lead ECG provides incremental diagnostic accuracy on top of standard ECG criteria indicative of ischemia, and independently predicts all-cause mortality during 2 years of follow-up.

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