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1.
Health promot. int ; 22(4): 307-315, Dec. 2007. tab
Artigo em Inglês | CidSaúde - Cidades saudáveis | ID: cid-59687

RESUMO

Health in All Policies (HiAP) is defined as horizontal, complementary policy-related strategy with a high potential for contributing to population health. To ensure that health impacts are highlighted across sectors, the support of actors in different sectors, not just the health sector, is needed. Public health, here defined as a universally important but a low prioritized politics area, needs to involve high politics areas to fulfil the HiAP strategy. This study aimed to analyse the agenda setting, formulation, initiation and implementation of the intersectoral public health policy and one tool of HiAP, health impact assessment (HIA), at the national and local level (exemplified by Stockholm County) in Sweden. A literature search was carried out of scientific and grey literature on intersectoral health policy and HIA in Sweden. The study was a policy analysis, using a content analysis method, and the theoretical framework of Kingdon where the results were examined through problem identification (why a window of opportunity opens for an intersectoral health policy and HIA), the factors and impact of politics (support for the formulation and implementation of policy) and policy (how best to solve the problem). The results showed that actors perceived the problems (the rationale) differently depending on their agenda and interest. Politicians and experts had a high impact on the formulation of the policy, agreeing on the policy goals. However, there was little focus on implementation plans implying that the political actors were not in agreement, and the experts sometimes showing conflicting evidence-based opinions on how to best ensure the policy. Without this in place, it is difficult to involve high politics areas, and vice versa, without the involvement of high politics, it is difficult to achieve the policy. However, this is a long-term process, where small steps need to be taken, leaving the policy window half-shut. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Setor de Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Política de Saúde , Saúde Pública , Política , Suécia
2.
Eur J Public Health ; 17(5): 526-31, 2007 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17213235

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intersectoral Action for Health (IAH) and its Health Impact Assessment (HIA) tool are built on collaboration between actors and sectors, requiring multidimensional and horizontal way of working. The study aims to analyse the enablers and barriers when such a new way of working and tool have been initiated to replace a traditional, vertical operation at the local level in Slovakia-a country in transition-in 2004. METHODS: Up to date, there are few studies that have analysed intersectoral initiatives in relation to politics. In this study the conceptual framework of Kingdon has been used by which the actual problems, the governmental actions (or non-actions) (politics) and the understanding, implementation and evaluation of the initiative (policy) could be analysed. All actors involved, civil servants, politicians, representatives of the local public health institute and researchers, were interviewed and made to answer a questionnaire. RESULTS: The results showed that there were a number of factors behind the initiation of HIA, which either delayed or accelerated the process. The problems identified were e.g. the prevailing traditional health care focus and the deteriorating health status of the population. There was a lack of multi-intersectoral knowledge, co-operation and function between sectors and actors. Enablers on the other hand were the membership of international organizations which called for new solutions, and the strong political commitment and belief that intersectorality would have a positive effect on health. CONCLUSION: The actors on the local level would have the capacity to work intersectorally to bring about policy change if HIA was to be more supported/institutionalized.


Assuntos
Planejamento em Saúde Comunitária/organização & administração , Relações Interinstitucionais , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/organização & administração , Política , Administração em Saúde Pública/métodos , Planejamento em Saúde Comunitária/métodos , Tomada de Decisões Gerenciais , Reforma dos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Formulação de Políticas , Sistemas Políticos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Eslováquia , Universidades
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