Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 11 de 11
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33852928

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Advanced squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) can be discriminated easily from actinic keratosis (AK) based on clinical and dermatoscopic features. However, at the initial stage of dermal invasion, SCC might still be clinically flat and discrimination from AK remains challenging, even with the addition of dermatoscopy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical and dermatoscopic criteria that could suggest early invasion and serve as potent predictors to discriminate early SCC from AK. METHODS: Clinical and dermatoscopic images of histopathologically diagnosed AKs and early SCCs were evaluated for the presence of predefined criteria by 3 independent investigators. RESULTS: A total of 50 early SCCs and 45 AKs were included. The main positive dermatoscopic predictors of early SCC were dotted/glomerular vessels (odds ratio [OR] 3.83), hairpin vessels (OR 12.12), and white structureless areas (OR 3.58), whereas background erythema represented a negative SCC predictor (OR 0.22). LIMITATIONS: The retrospective evaluation of images. Moreover, the differential diagnosis included in the study is restricted between AK and early SCC. CONCLUSIONS: We identified potent predictors for the discrimination of AK and early SCC that may better guide management decisions in everyday clinical practice.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33314891

RESUMO

The indisputable contribution of dermatoscopy in early diagnosis of melanoma is widely recognized. In the last quinquennium, new data concerning specific melanoma subtypes have come to light. The dermatoscopic morphology of superficial spreading melanoma (SSM) has been extensively investigated in the literature. Atypical network, irregular dots, irregular globules, irregular streaks and irregular blotch correspond to histopathologic alterations at the level of the junction, blue-white veil and atypical vessels suggest intradermal growth, whereas regression structures, negative network and white shiny streaks might reflect junctional or dermal alterations. The list of melanoma specific criteria has been recently updated to include features that typify early melanoma, such as irregular hyperpigmented areas and prominent skin markings and features seen in melanoma on sun damaged skin such as angulated lines. Nodular melanoma lacks most of the aforementioned criteria and is typified by the coexistence of blue and black color, atypical vessels and pink color. Lentigo maligna dermatoscopic criteria mainly develop at the outline of the follicular openings. However, at an early stage these features might be very subtle and the diagnosis should be based on the exclusion of benign tumors (inverse approach). Acral lentiginous melanoma is typified by a parallel ridge pattern, but also SSM criteria should be taken into consideration. The diagnosis of subungual melanoma is based on the assessment of the color and characteristics of the pigmented nail band. For the diagnosis of mucosal melanoma, the assessment of colors is more informative than the assessment of structures and the detection of blue, white or gray should raise the suspicion of melanoma. White shiny streaks and regression structures are the most common features of desmoplastic melanoma. The diagnosis of nevoid melanoma might be highly challenging and require information on the lesion's history. Melanoma on small- and medium-sized congenital nevi is typified by an eccentric location of the suspicious area, negative network and gray angulated lines. Recent advances in knowledge on the dermatoscopic characteristics of peculiar subtypes of the tumor significantly enrich the diagnostic armamentarium of clinicians. The challenge of the forthcoming years is to better characterize biologically aggressive melanomas and to optimize the screening strategies so as to identify them.

5.
Dermatol Ther ; : e14414, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064345

RESUMO

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common skin cancer in white skin individuals. The treatment of choice is surgical excision, but several other therapeutic choices are available and might also be efficient and cost-effective in selected cases of low-risk BCC or when surgery is complicate or contraindicated. The aim of the current study was to analyze the applied treatments for BCC in the real-life practice of a tertiary hospital, and investigate factors associated to the tumor and the patients that might influence the treatment selection of clinicians. Data on all BCCs treated from 1st January 2018 to 31st December 2019 were extracted. A total of 751 BCCs from 585 patients were included. The baseline characteristics of patients and tumors, the type of applied treatment and the histopathologic report when available were analyzed. Most tumors were located on the head/neck (64.2%). The most frequently applied treatment was surgical excision (580/751, 77.2%). In 22.8% of tumors a nonsurgical treatment was selected. The most frequently selected alternative treatments were, imiquimod, cryosurgery, their combination (immunocryosurgery), and vismodegib. A pretreatment diagnosis of superficial BCC was associated with a 12-fold increased probability of selecting a nonsurgical treatment except of vismodegib. Every added year of age increased the probability of selecting a nonsurgical treatment by 3-fold. Every added mm of diameter increased the possibility of vismodegib use by 4%. Surgery is the most frequently applied BCC treatment, but nonsurgical modalities do also have an essential role in real settings.

8.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32068050

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Even with the addition of dermoscopy, a significant morphologic overlap exists between irritated seborrheic keratosis (ISK) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the dermoscopic criteria that could serve as potent predictors for the differential diagnosis between ISK and SCC. METHODS: Dermoscopic images of histopathologically diagnosed ISKs and SCCs were evaluated by 3 independent investigators for the presence of predefined criteria. RESULTS: A total of 104 SCCs and 61 ISKs were included. The main dermoscopic predictors of SCC were dotted vessels (odds ratio [OR], 10.4), branched linear vessels (OR, 5.30), white structureless areas (OR, 6.78), white circles surrounding follicles (OR, 23.45), a diffuse irregular (OR, 2.55) or peripheral (OR, 2.8) vessel arrangement, and a central scale arrangement (OR, 3.35). Dermoscopic predictors of ISK were hairpin vessels (OR, 0.38), a diffuse regular vessel arrangement (OR, 0.39 and OR, 0.36), and white halos surrounding vessels covering more than 10% of the lesion (OR, 0.29 and OR, 0.12). LIMITATIONS: First, the retrospective design of the study; second, the differential diagnosis included in the study was restricted to ISK and SCC. CONCLUSIONS: We confirmed the significant morphologic overlap between ISK and SCC, but we also identified potent predictors for the differential diagnosis between these 2 entities.

9.
Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed ; 35(5): 372-374, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31006145

RESUMO

Pagetoid reticulosis (PR), also known as Woringer-Kolopp disease, is a rare variant of mycosis fungoides with distinctive clinicopathologic features. It clinically manifests as a solitary, erythematous, gradually enlarging, scaly, or verrucous plaque on the lower extremities, and due to its indolent course and nonspecific clinical features, may remain undiagnosed for years. In the current study, we describe the clinical and dermoscopic characteristics of a rare case of PR disease and correlate them with the corresponding histopathologic findings. Dermoscopy may prove beneficial in early diagnosis of this rare entity.


Assuntos
Dermoscopia , Reticulose Pagetoide , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Pele/patologia , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Reticulose Pagetoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Reticulose Pagetoide/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia
10.
G Ital Dermatol Venereol ; 154(4): 457-465, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30762033

RESUMO

Since their first description by Sophie Spitz, Spitz nevi have been a subject of controversy among clinicians for many decades, and remain a clinical conundrum until today as their etiology, morphology, biological behavior and natural evolution is still not totally clear. This is because their clinical, dermoscopic and histopathologic features sometimes overlap with those of melanoma, rendering the management of spitzoid lesions particularly difficult. In addition, cases of histopatologically equivocal lesions do exist and their classification might sometimes be very challenging. Among several terms that have been used to describe these morphologically "intermediate" lesions, atypical Spitz tumor (AST) is the most widely used. The aim of this review paper was to describe the dermoscopic patterns and structures seen in Spitz/Reed nevi, spitzoid melanoma and AST. Finally, this article provides an evidence-based update on the available options for the management of spitzoid lesions, before and after histopathologic diagnosis.


Assuntos
Dermoscopia/métodos , Nevo de Células Epitelioides e Fusiformes/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Melanoma/diagnóstico , Melanoma/patologia , Nevo de Células Epitelioides e Fusiformes/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia
11.
Rheumatol Int ; 38(1): 161-167, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29075910

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis is a systemic autoimmune disease resulting in joint destruction and deformities, but also associated with extraarticular and systemic manifestations. The later devastating conditions, such as the development of rheumatoid vasculitis, are more frequently encountered in seropositive patients and their incidence has been attenuated after the introduction of biologic disease modifying drugs, such as anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFa) agents, which generally have considerably contributed to the better control and long-term outcomes of the disease. Interestingly, autoimmune syndromes may, rarely, present in patients without a positive history after the initiation of treatment. We present a rare case of a woman with seronegative rheumatoid arthritis who developed pyoderma gangrenosum whistle on treatment with golimumab, a fully humanized anti TNFa antibody. The recording of this as well as analogous paradoxical autoimmune syndromes in association with the individual patient characteristics will render treating physicians aware of potential adverse reactions and assist in the understanding of the cytokine driven pathophysiological mechanisms underlying these disorders.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Artrite Infecciosa/etiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Pioderma Gangrenoso/complicações , Sepse/etiologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...