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1.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 18: eAO4739, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31553355

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To use magnetic resonance imaging to assess the prevalence of foot and ankle ligament injuries and fractures associated with ankle sprain and not diagnosed by x-ray. METHODS: We included 180 consecutive patients with a history of ankle sprain, assessed at a primary care service in a 12-month period. Magnetic resonance imaging findings were recorded and described. RESULTS: Approximately 92% of patients had some type of injury shown on the magnetic resonance imaging. We found 379 ligament injuries, 9 osteochondral injuries, 19 tendinous injuries and 51 fractures. Only 14 magnetic resonance imaging tests (7.8%) did not show any sort of injury. We observed a positive relation between injuries of the lateral complex, syndesmosis and medial ligaments. However, there was a negative correlation between ankle ligament injuries and midfoot injuries. CONCLUSION: There was a high rate of injuries secondary to ankle sprains. We found correlation between lateral ligament injuries and syndesmosis and deltoid injuries. We did not observe a relation between deltoid and syndesmosis injuries or between lateral ligamentous and subtalar injuries. Similarly, no relation was found between ankle and midfoot injuries.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Tornozelo/epidemiologia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Traumatismos do Tornozelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Brasil/epidemiologia , Cartilagem Articular/lesões , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Ligamentos Laterais do Tornozelo/lesões , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Adulto Jovem
2.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(3): 370-374, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30994835

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to report the results of arthroscopic debridement of the subtalar joint in eight patients with Sinus Tarsi Syndrome (STS) refractory to conservative treatment. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of eight patients with STS who underwent subtalar arthroscopy for debridement of the sinus tarsi between January 2015 and January 2017 after six months of conservative treatment. All patients answered an epidemiological questionnaire and underwent functional evaluation with the Visual Analogue Pain Scale (VAS) and the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society Score (AOFAS) in the preoperative and in the last evaluation (average of 12 months - 6-24 months). RESULTS: All patients showed severe synovitis in the region. Seven patients had remnants of the talocalcaneal ligaments and six of the cervical ligament. AOFAS increased by 30 points on average (51.75 in the preoperative period to 82.62 in the last follow-up) and the VAS decreased on average by 5 points (7.37 preoperatively to 2.12 in the last follow-up). These results were statistically significant with p = 0.043 and p = 0.032 respectively. Six patients described the result as excellent and two as good. No complications were reported. All patients returned to sports after six months of follow-up. CONCLUSION: The arthroscopic debridement of the subtalar joint is an effective and safe alternative in the treatment of STS refractory to conservative treatment. More studies, with a prospective methodology, are necessary to prove the results of this technique.


Assuntos
Artroscopia/métodos , Desbridamento/métodos , Doenças do Pé/cirurgia , Articulação Talocalcânea/cirurgia , Adulto , Tornozelo/fisiopatologia , Tornozelo/cirurgia , Articulação do Tornozelo/fisiopatologia , Articulação do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Feminino , Doenças do Pé/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Instabilidade Articular/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(3): 370-374, Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1003029

RESUMO

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to report the results of arthroscopic debridement of the subtalar joint in eight patients with Sinus Tarsi Syndrome (STS) refractory to conservative treatment. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of eight patients with STS who underwent subtalar arthroscopy for debridement of the sinus tarsi between January 2015 and January 2017 after six months of conservative treatment. All patients answered an epidemiological questionnaire and underwent functional evaluation with the Visual Analogue Pain Scale (VAS) and the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society Score (AOFAS) in the preoperative and in the last evaluation (average of 12 months - 6-24 months). RESULTS: All patients showed severe synovitis in the region. Seven patients had remnants of the talocalcaneal ligaments and six of the cervical ligament. AOFAS increased by 30 points on average (51.75 in the preoperative period to 82.62 in the last follow-up) and the VAS decreased on average by 5 points (7.37 preoperatively to 2.12 in the last follow-up). These results were statistically significant with p = 0.043 and p = 0.032 respectively. Six patients described the result as excellent and two as good. No complications were reported. All patients returned to sports after six months of follow-up. CONCLUSION: The arthroscopic debridement of the subtalar joint is an effective and safe alternative in the treatment of STS refractory to conservative treatment. More studies, with a prospective methodology, are necessary to prove the results of this technique.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: O objetivo desse estudo é relatar os resultados do desbridamento artroscópico da subtalar em oito pacientes portadores da Síndrome do Seio do Tarso (SST) refratária ao tratamento conservador. MÉTODOS: Este é um estudo retrospectivo com oito pacientes com diagnóstico de STT que foram submetidos à artroscopia subtalar para desbridamento do seio do tarso entre janeiro de 2015 e janeiro de 2017, após seis meses de tratamento conservador. Todos os pacientes responderam questionário epidemiológico e foram submetidos à avaliação funcional com a Escala Visual Analógica de dor (EVA) e o American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Score (Aofas) no pré-operatório e na última avaliação, em uma média de 12 meses (6-24 meses). RESULTADOS: Todos os pacientes exibiram intensa sinovite na região. Sete pacientes tinham resquícios de ligamentos talocalcaneanos e seis do ligamento cervical. O Aofas aumentou 30 pontos em média (51,75 no pré-operatório para 82,62 no último seguimento) e a EVA diminuiu em média 5 pontos (7,37 no pré-operatório para 2,12 no último seguimento). Esses resultados foram estatisticamente significativos com p = 0,043 e p = 0,032, respectivamente. Seis pacientes descreveram o resultado como excelente e dois como bom. Nenhuma complicação foi relatada. Todos os pacientes retornaram ao esporte após seis meses de acompanhamento. CONCLUSÃO: O desbridamento artroscópico da subtalar é uma alternativa eficaz e segura no tratamento da SST refratária ao tratamento conservador. Mais estudos, com metodologia prospectiva, são necessários para comprovar os resultados da técnica.

4.
Foot Ankle Spec ; : 1938640019826673, 2019 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30712379

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The usual initial treatment for insertional Achilles tendinopathy is nonsurgical. Yet there is no standard conservative treatment for Achilles insertional tendinopathy. Shockwave therapy (SWT) has become a reliable option for the management of this illness over the past years. The aim of this study is to report the effectiveness of low-energy SWT associated with an eccentric strengthening protocol in 19 consecutive patients. METHODS: This is a prospective study with 19 patients aged between 26 and 72 years diagnosed with insertional Achilles tendinopathy. The protocol consisted of SWT associated with eccentric exercises for 12 weeks. All patients were evaluated on the first day and after 24 weeks (final follow-up) with the Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment-Achilles (VISA-A) score, visual analogue scale (VAS), American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) questionnaire, and by algometry. At the last follow-up, patients were also assessed for adherence to the protocol, complications and final outcome (in their perception as success or fail). RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Fifteen (79%) patients were fully adherent to the Alfredson protocol, and 13 (68%) patients considered the treatment protocol successful. At the last evaluation, patients demanded higher pressure on calcaneus to trigger pain (algometry 1), reported less pain when the algometer was applied with 3 kg (algometry 2), had less global pain (VAS), and had higher AOFAS and VISA-A scores. This study evidences that eccentric loading associated with SWT can dramatically improve patients' symptoms. We can conclude that eccentric loading associated with SWT is an effective treatment for Achilles insertional tendinopathy. LEVELS OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, Level III: Prospective cohort.

5.
JMIR Res Protoc ; 6(11): e232, 2017 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29162558

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The treatment of supracondylar humerus fracture in children (SHFC) is associated with complications such as functional deficit, residual deformity, and iatrogenic neurological damage. The standard treatment is closed reduction and percutaneous Kirschner wire fixation with different configurations. Despite this fact, there is still no consensus on the most effective technique for the treatment of these fractures. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review will be to evaluate the effect of surgical interventions on the treatment of Gartland type II and III SHFC by assessing function, complications, and error as primary outcomes. Clinical outcomes such as range of motion and pain and radiographic outcomes will also be judged. METHODS: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials or quasi-randomized controlled trials evaluating the surgical treatment of SHFC will be carried out in the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed, Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde, and Excerpta Medica Database. The search will also occur at ongoing and recently completed clinical trials in selected databases. Data management and extraction will be performed using a data withdrawal form and by analyzing the following: study method characteristics, participant characteristics, intervention characteristics, results, methodological domains, and risk of bias. To assess the risk of bias of the included trials, the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool will be used. Dichotomous outcome data will be analyzed as risk ratios, and continuous outcome data will be expressed as mean differences, both with 95% confidence intervals. Also, whenever possible, subgroup analysis, sensitivity analysis, and assessment of heterogeneity will be performed. RESULTS: Following the publication of this protocol, searches will be run and included studies will be deeply analyzed. We hope to obtain final results in the next few months and have the final paper published by the end of 2018. This study was funded by a government-based noncommercial agency, Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP). CONCLUSIONS: This study may provide surgical treatment effects evidence for SHFC. The results will assist clinical practice by demonstrating the effectiveness and potential complications of these interventions and might serve as a reference for future clinical trials on the topic. TRIAL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42014009304; https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?RecordID=9304 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/6usiDHzD7).

6.
BMJ Open ; 7(1): e013332, 2017 01 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28132005

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is no consensus regarding the treatment of Achilles insertional tendinopathies. Eccentric training remains the main choice in the conservative treatment of this illness; however, the good results in the management of non-insertional Achilles tendinopathy were not replicated in the insertional condition. Low energy shock wave therapy has been described as an alternative to these patients, but has yet to be empirically tested. HYPOTHESIS: Shock wave therapy, adjunctive to the eccentric strengthening protocol, will improve measures of pain and function. DESIGN: Double blind, placebo-controlled, parallel groups, randomised clinical trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 93 patients with a diagnosis of chronic insertional tendinopathy, referred from primary or secondary healthcare services, will be assessed and enrolled in this study. They will be divided into two groups (randomised by sequentially numbered identical envelopes, which will be administered serially to participants), one containing the combination of low energy shock wave and eccentric exercises, as treatment and the other comprehending the exercises and the placebo treatment (an apparatus placed in the therapeutic head). The assessments will occur in 2, 4, 6, 12 and 24 weeks. Patients will be evaluated primarily by the Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment-Achilles questionnaire and secondarily by the visual analogue scale, Algometry, the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society scale, the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score and the 12-item Short Form Health Survey. We will use comparison of two proportions via relative frequency analysis, the Pearson Correlation the χ2 test and the analysis of variance for statistical analyses. DISCUSSION: This study intends to demonstrate if the association of the eccentric exercise programme with the shock wave therapy can produce good results regarding the treatment of the Achilles insertional tendinopathy. In an attempt to prevent the high costs and complications associated with the surgical intervention, we will try to prove this combination as a viable therapeutic option in the conservative management of this prevalent condition. The strengths of the study are the design and the novelty of the combination of methods. The main limitation is the short follow-up course. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study is registered in the Clinical Trials database (protocol number: 8094833648737701) and was approved by the University Ethics Committee (number: 1373481). TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: 8094833648737701 (NCT02757664); Pre-results.


Assuntos
Tendão do Calcâneo , Tratamento por Ondas de Choque Extracorpóreas/métodos , Treinamento de Resistência/métodos , Tendinopatia/reabilitação , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Doença Crônica , Crioterapia , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Acta ortop. bras ; 18(6): 353-356, 2010. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-570539

RESUMO

Estudo realizado no município de São Paulo entre janeiro de 2001 e julho de 2002 e tem como objetivo analisar o perfil do indivíduo envolvido em acidentes motociclísticos avaliando: o perfil do condutor, as circunstâncias dos acidentes, as lesões e o uso de equipamentos de segurança. Foram encontrados 387 pacientes sendo 354(91,0 por cento) do sexo masculino, entre 16 e 44 anos e considerados os indivíduos que necessitaram somente do tratamento traumato-ortopédico. O mecanismo de trauma mais comum envolveu a colisão entre a moto com outro veículo (67,0 por cento), numa velocidade entre 20-60km/h (73,0 por cento), em pessoas com menor experiência (67,0 por cento) na idade entre 21-24 anos (45,0 por cento), nos quais 532 (53,9 por cento) lesões ocorreram nos membros inferiores. Quanto ao tipo de lesão tivemos 393(39,8 por cento) ferimentos, 314(31,8 por cento) contusões e 212(21,5 por cento) fraturas [ossos do pé 34(16 por cento), fêmur 32(15,1 por cento), tornozelo 27(12,7 por cento), tíbia 25(11,8 por cento)]. A reincidência foi observada em 231(60,0 por cento) acidentes e somente 6,0 por cento dos pacientes não usavam equipamentos de proteção.O aumento da velocidade relacionou-se à um índice maior de fraturas quando foi aplicado o teste de Mann-Whitney (p=0,001). Pesquisas de engenharia mecânica e de engenharia de tráfego, associadas à rigorosa fiscalização e conscientização da população, devem ser consideradas o método mais efetivo , que é o da prevenção.


Study conducted in the city of São Paulo from January 2001 to July 2002 with the goal of analyzing the profiles of individuals involved in motorcycle accidents, evaluating the rider's profile, the circumstances of the accidents, injuries, and the use of protective gear. 387 patients needing only traumatic orthopedic treatment were found, between 16 and 44 years of age, of which 354 were males (91.0 percent). The most common mechanism of trauma involved a collision between the motorcycle and another vehicle (67.0 percent) at a speed between 12.5-37.5 mph (73.0 percent) involving less experienced riders (67.0 percent) between 21 and 24 years of age (45 percent), and in which 532 (53.9 percent) lower limb injuries occurred. Of the injuries, 393 (39.8 percent) were wounds, 314 (31.8 percent) were bruises and 212 (21.5 percent) were fractures [foot, 34 (16 percent); femur, 32 (15.1 percent); ankle, 27 (12.7 percent); tibia, 25 (11.8 percent)]. Recurring accidents were observed in 231 (60.0 percent) cases and only 6.0 percent of the riders were not using protective equipment. Increased speed showed a higher rate of fractures when the Mann-Whitney test was applied (p = 0.001). Research on mechanical and traffic engineering, in combination with supervision and awareness-raising of the population, should be considered the most effective methods of prevention.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Acidentes de Trânsito , Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos , Causalidade , Ferimentos e Lesões/classificação , Motocicletas , Conscientização , Brasil , Ferimentos e Lesões/prevenção & controle , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
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