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J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol ; 28(1): 14-23, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34476914


BACKGROUND: Regular visits to the health care providers can develop a relationship that can extend beyond the physical health alone as the patient is transiting towards older age, adapting to changes in physical health, emotional health, and social connections. Apart from limiting access to health care services, the attitudes, beliefs, comfort level of the treating doctors towards the geriatric patients can motivate or demotivate them to access dental care. AIM: To explore the Saudi Arabian undergraduate students perception of geriatric patients and identify potential barriers that prevent the utilization of their dental appointment. METHODS: A close-ended questionnaire with one question and eight reasons was administered to the fifth year clinical students. The students were requested to specify their agreement with each question on a 5-point Likert scale. Among the barriers presented, each reason's approval was expressed as the percentage of the total number of responses. In addition, the gender comparison of mean scores was made, and an independent sample t-test was used to analyze the statements agreed by the students. All analyses were performed using Statistical Package of Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21.0 (IBM, USA) with the probability of statistical significance at 0.05 level. RESULTS: Fifty-one students recorded their perceptions on the questionnaire administered during their clinical posting in the fifth year of the geriatric dental education program. It was concluded that students believed that geriatric patients give overwhelming importance to other problems with minor importance to oral health care. In addition, gender comparison was more evident as the percentage expressed was more in females. CONCLUSIONS: There is a need for more clinical exposure of geriatric patients during their clinical postings. Student's acquaintance with didactic and clinical settings appears to be a critical element towards positive knowledge and attitude towards the geriatric population.

Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Estudantes de Odontologia , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Percepção , Arábia Saudita , Inquéritos e Questionários
Surg Radiol Anat ; 43(2): 275-281, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33200273


PURPOSE: To analyze the morphology of shapes and positions of the apical foramina in permanent maxillary and mandibular posterior teeth. METHODS: Examination of the apical foramina was performed with a stereomicroscope at a magnification of 10×. The anatomic parameters evaluated were the shapes of the peripheral contours of the apical foramina (rounded, oval, asymmetric, and semilunar). The location of the apical foramen was recorded as a center, buccal, lingual, mesial, and distal surface. RESULTS: Results have shown that the frequency of deviation was 68% in all teeth being assessed, while the most frequent location of the apical foramen was in the center, with 32% followed by distal with 18%. The common shape of apical foramina was round shape in all the teeth. CONCLUSIONS: The variation in the location and shapes of apical foramina in teeth. The commonest deviation in location of apical foramina was distal and the frequent shape was of a round shape.

Dente Pré-Molar/anatomia & histologia , Dente Molar/anatomia & histologia , Ápice Dentário/anatomia & histologia , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Mandíbula/anatomia & histologia , Maxila/anatomia & histologia