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1.
Dig Dis Sci ; 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31894488

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Predictors besides symptoms of obstruction indicating small bowel stenosis are little known. AIMS: To detect predictors of small bowel stenosis in balloon-assisted enteroscopy. METHODS: Over a 6-year period, 461 patients had enteroscopy for suspected small intestinal disease. Details of clinical manifestations, medical history, demographic characteristics, findings of examinations, information on enteroscopy, and treatment were retrospectively collected based on medical records. Small bowel stenosis was defined as stricture that over-tube cannot go through in enteroscopy. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify predictors for small bowel stenosis. RESULTS: A total of 314 patients had definite diagnosis after enteroscopy, imaging modalities, and/or even surgical exploration. They were included in this study for analyses. Mean age for them was 48.2 years old (range 15-81 years). Small bowel stenosis was present in 59 patients (18.8%). Analyses showed that CT/MRI indicating stenosis was significantly associated with severe stenosis (p = 0.014) but insignificant related to general stenosis (p = 0.097). Predictive factors that accompanied stenosis were age ≥ 60 years (OR = 2.1, 95% CI 1.1-4.0), underweight (BMI ≤ 18.5) (OR = 3.4, 95% CI 1.4-8.4), symptoms of obstruction (OR = 3.6, 95% CI 1.8-7.4), and overt small bowel bleeding (OR = 0.5, 95% CI 0.2-0.9). CONCLUSIONS: Small bowel stenosis more tended to occur to patients with symptoms of obstruction, no overt small bowel bleeding, age ≥ 60 years, or underweight.

2.
Eur J Pediatr ; 2019 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31863304

RESUMO

For Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) patients, small bowel polyps develop and result in symptoms at an early age. Balloon-assisted enteroscopy (BAE) is verified as a safe and efficient choice to evaluate and remove small intestinal polyps in adult PJS. But the safety of BAE, especially BAE-facilitated polypectomy for young pediatrics, is little known. This prospective study focused on the effectiveness and safety of BAE-facilitated polypectomy in small bowel for young pediatric PJS. PJS patients (aged 0-14 years old) with BAE (including both single-balloon and double-balloon enteroscopies) were included from 1 September 2012 to 30 April 2018. The demographic data, medical history, and details of BAE were recorded. BAE-related complications and symptom relief after BAE were evaluated and compared between the PJS patients aged 5-10 years old (the younger pediatric group) and those aged 11-14 years old (the older pediatric group). A total of 41 pediatric PJS patients (5-14 years old) subjected to 82 BAEs were included. BAE-facilitated polypectomy was performed for 33 children (80.5%), and 242 polyps in small bowel were removed. For 10 (24.4%) patients, one or more giant polyps (maximum diameter larger than 5 cm) were removed. For eight patients, no polypectomy was done as no polyps were observed (six subjects) or not suitable for BAE-facilitated polypectomy (two subjects) because of high risk of perforation. The complication rates of BAE and BAE-facilitated polypectomy were 1.2% (1/82) and 1.8% (1/55), and the symptom relief rate was 70.8% (17/24). Compared with the older pediatric group, the younger pediatric group showed no increased BAE complication rate (0.0% vs. 5.0%, p = 0.488) and a comparable rate of symptom relief after BAE therapy (80.8% vs. 55.6%, p = 0.356).Conclusion: BAE-facilitated polypectomy in young pediatric PJS is safe and effective.What is known:• Small bowel evaluation and prophetic polypectomy are important for pediatric PJS patients to avoid polyp-related intussusception, obstruction, and bleeding.• BAE polypectomy was a recommended intervention for removing small bowel polyps in adult PJS patients.What is new:• BAE-facilitated small bowel polypectomy is safe and effective for young pediatric PJS, even for those aged less than 10 years old.

3.
J Huazhong Univ Sci Technolog Med Sci ; 37(3): 357-361, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28585148

RESUMO

Small intestinal obstruction is a common complication of primary gastrointestinal cancer or metastatic cancers. Patients with this condition are often poor candidates for surgical bypasses, and placement of self-expanding metal stent (SEMS) can be technically challenging. In this study, we examined the feasibility of combined application of single-balloon enteroscope (SBE) and colonoscope for SEMS placement in patients with malignant small intestinal obstruction. Thirty-four patients were enrolled in this study, among which 22 patients received SEMS placement by using SBE and colonoscope, while the other 12 patients received conservative medical treatment. The patients were followed up for one year. Stent placement was technically feasible in 95.5% (21/22). Clinical improvement was achieved in 86.4% (19/22). For the 19 clinical success cases, the average time of benefits from a gastric outlet obstruction scoring system (GOOSS) increase ≥1 was 111.9±89.5 days. For the 12 patients receiving conservative medical treatment, no significant improvement in GOOSS score was observed. Moreover, a significant increase of Short-Form-36 health survey score was observed in the 19 patients at time of 30 days after stent placement. By Kaplan-Meier analysis, a significant survival improvement was observed in patients with successful SEMS placement, compared with patients receiving conservative medical treatment. Taken together, combined use of SBE and colonoscope makes endoscopic stent placement feasible in patients with malignant small intestinal obstruction, and patients can benefit from it in terms of prolonged survival and improved quality of life.


Assuntos
Colonoscopia/métodos , Obstrução da Saída Gástrica/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/cirurgia , Obstrução Intestinal/cirurgia , Stents Metálicos Autoexpansíveis , Enteroscopia de Balão Único/métodos , Idoso , Colonoscopia/instrumentação , Feminino , Obstrução da Saída Gástrica/mortalidade , Obstrução da Saída Gástrica/patologia , Obstrução da Saída Gástrica/terapia , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/patologia , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/terapia , Humanos , Obstrução Intestinal/mortalidade , Obstrução Intestinal/patologia , Obstrução Intestinal/terapia , Intestino Delgado/patologia , Intestino Delgado/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Enteroscopia de Balão Único/instrumentação , Análise de Sobrevida
4.
Tumour Biol ; 39(6): 1010428317705131, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28653895

RESUMO

Peutz-Jeghers syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant inherited disorder characterized by mucocutaneous pigmentation and hamartomatous gastrointestinal polyposis. A growing body of evidence has shown that Peutz-Jeghers syndrome could cause an increased risk of various cancers, yet the range of cancer risk estimates was wide among different studies. In this retrospective cohort study, 336 patients with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome in China were enrolled. The clinical characteristics, cancer spectrum, relative cancer risks, and cumulative cancer risks were analyzed. In total, 52 patients were diagnosed of cancer in the follow-up period, at a median age of 41 years (range: 21-67). The relative risk for cancer in Peutz-Jeghers syndrome patients was 63.858 (confidence interval: 47.514-85.823), and the cumulative cancer risk at the age of 60 years was 55%. Colorectal cancer was the most common cancer for Peutz-Jeghers syndrome patients (relative risk: 237.918, confidence interval: 154.417-366.572) and the cumulative cancer risk at the age of 60 years was 28%. There was a statistically significant difference in the cumulative cancer risk between patients with family history and those without family history, as well as between patients living in rural area and those living in urban areas ( p < 0.05), while no significant effects of gender and intussusception history on the cumulative cancer risk was found ( p > 0.05). Hopefully, our study may contribute to the management of this rare disorder and establishment of related surveillance projects, especially in China.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Síndrome de Peutz-Jeghers/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Peutz-Jeghers/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , China , Neoplasias Colorretais/complicações , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndrome de Peutz-Jeghers/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
6.
J Dig Dis ; 8(3): 154-9, 2007 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17650228

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of inflammatory cytokines, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM-1), on the recurrence of liver cancer after apparently curative surgical resection of the tumor. METHODS: An experimental mouse model of liver cancer metastasis was designed using hepatoma 22(H(22)) inoculated into the subserous layer of spleen of 615 mice. Partial hepatectomy (PH) or sham operation (SH) was performed at various periods of spleen inoculation and metastasic effects were recorded. The expression of inflammatory cytokines as TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, IL-6 and VCAM-1 were analyzed by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). RESULTS: Compared with SH, a significant augmented metastatic effect was observed in the mice with PH (P < 0.01), and higher mRNA expressions of TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, IL-6 and VCAM-1 were also observed. The peak expressions of IL-1beta, IL-6 and VCAM-1 were found at 48 and 72 h, respectively. Among them, TNF-alpha expression was found immediately increasing after 4 h and kept at a high level till 96 h after PH. The expression of VCAM-1 was found to have two peaks at 4 and 72 h after PH, 3-6 times higher than its level prior to the operation. The expression of TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, IL-6 and VCAM-1 showed a significantly positive correlation with the augmenting effect of liver metastasis in the mice model. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that pro-inflammatory cytokines, TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, IL-6 and VCAM-1 might be involved in promoting the enhanced metastasis of liver cancer after surgical operation, especially the PH.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/imunologia , Citocinas/fisiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/imunologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/imunologia , Neoplasias Esplênicas/imunologia , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/secundário , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Hepatectomia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Camundongos , Neoplasias Esplênicas/secundário
7.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 86(34): 2391-4, 2006 Sep 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17156648

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of acute hypobaric hypoxia on the gastrointestinal motility. METHODS: Eighty Wistar rats were randomly divided into 4 equal groups to be fed with (99)Tc(m)-labeled test food: ground level control group, put in the hypobaric chamber for 30 minutes; 3000 m simulated altitude group, exposed to the environment of simulated altitude of 3000 m for 30 minutes; 5000 m simulated altitude group, exposed to the environment of simulated altitude of 5000 m for 30 minutes; and mosapride + 5000 m simulated altitude group, fed with mosapride 2 mg/kg by perfusing stomach and fed with isotope-labeled test food 30 minutes later, and then exposed to 5000 m simulated altitude for 30 minutes. By the end of experiment the rats were killed, their stomachs were taken out to calculate the gastric emptying rate. Their intestine from pylorus to ileocecum was taken out to measure the intestinal propulsion function by using charcoal particle method. At the beginning and at the end of experiment abdominal arterial blood samples were collected to detect the plasma motilin and nitric oxide (NO) concentrations. RESULTS: The gastric emptying rate of the 5000 m simulated altitude group was 41% +/- 10%, significantly lower than that of the ground level group (62% +/- 12%, P < 0.01), and the charcoal transit rate of the 5000 m simulated altitude group was 37% +/- 8%, significantly lower than that of the ground level group (61% +/- 13%, P < 0.01). The gastric emptying rate and intestine propulsion rate of the 3000 m simulated altitude group were not significantly different from those of the ground level group. The gastric emptying rate of the mosapride + 5000 m simulated altitude group was 55% +/- 12%, significantly higher than that of the 5000 m simulated altitude group (P < 0.05), however, the intestine propulsion rate of the mosapride + 5000 m simulated altitude group was not significantly different from that of the 5000 m simulated altitude group (P > 0.05). The plasma motilin level of the 5000 m simulated altitude group was 88 pg/ml +/- 19 pg/ml, significantly lower than that of the ground level group (123 pg/ml +/- 28 pg/ml, P < 0.01), in contrast, the plasma NO level of the 5000 m simulated altitude group was 106 micromol/L +/- 24 micromol/L, significantly higher than that of the ground level group (80 micromol/L +/- 18 micromol/L, P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Acute exposure to hypobaric hypoxia at the height of 5000 m inhibits the gastric emptying and intestinal propulsion. Mosapride may alleviate the inhibitory effect of hypobaric hypoxia on gastric emptying. Decrease of plasma motilin and elevation of NO level may be the main mechanism of inhibition of gastrointestinal motility by hypobaric hypoxia.


Assuntos
Esvaziamento Gástrico/fisiologia , Hipogravidade , Hipóxia/fisiopatologia , Intestino Delgado/fisiologia , Animais , Hormônios Gastrointestinais/sangue , Motilidade Gastrointestinal , Hipóxia/sangue , Masculino , Motilina/sangue , Óxido Nítrico/sangue , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Simulação de Ausência de Peso
8.
Chin J Dig Dis ; 6(2): 93-7, 2005.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15904428

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The goal of the present study was to determine how proapoptosis proteins regulate the progression of liver proliferative foci and tumorigenesis initiated by a chemical carcinogen, diethylnitrosamine (DEN). METHODS: Bid-deficient mice (15-day-old) were injected with 15 microg/g of DEN, then killed at 3 and 10 days, and 4 and 8 months after injection for analysis of hepatocellular proliferation, apoptosis and tumorigenesis. RESULT: The rate of apoptosis in the hepatocytes of the wild-type mice was significantly higher than in the Bid-deficient mice at 10 days after DEN exposure (P < 0.0001); the results of BrdU labeling agreed with the measurement of apoptosis in these animals, showing an obvious increase in the wild-type mice compared with the Bid-deficient mice (P < 0.0001). Four months after DEN exposure, the number and size of lesion foci or nodules in the wild-type mice were both greater than in the Bid-deficient mice (P < 0.05 and P < 0.001, respectively), but there was no significant difference between the two groups of mice at 8 months. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that a lack of apoptosis in liver tissue in the early stage after DEN exposure decreased some of the tumorigenesis potential of DEN.


Assuntos
Apoptose/fisiologia , Proteínas de Transporte/fisiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/fisiopatologia , Animais , Proteína Agonista de Morte Celular de Domínio Interatuante com BH3 , Proliferação de Células , Dietilnitrosamina/efeitos adversos , Progressão da Doença , Hepatócitos/fisiologia , Marcação In Situ das Extremidades Cortadas , Neoplasias Hepáticas/induzido quimicamente , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout
10.
Chin J Dig Dis ; 5(4): 175-80, 2004.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15612888

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mechanism of hepatocyte apoptosis induced by the proapoptosis protein Bid. METHODS: Mouse primary hepatocytes were isolated from wild-type and Bid-deficient mice and treated with tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) or anti-Fas antibody to induce cell apoptosis. Immunofluorescence staining of Bax was performed to recognize Bax translocation and its conformational change. The wild-type mice or wild-type mice transfected with the adenovirus carried DN-FADD (Dominant Negative-Fas Associated Death Domain) and the Bid-deficient mice were injected with anti-Fas antibody 2 h before being killed. Caspase 3 and 8 activities were measured. Bands of Bid cleavage and Bax conformational change were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: Death receptors, including TNF-alpha and anti-Fas antibody, induced hepatocytes apoptosis, Bax translocation and conformational change through activation of Bid, which caused Bax to be inserted into the mitochondrial membrane of hepatocytes. The translocation and insertion of Bax were blocked when Bid was knocked out or blocked, and hepatocyte apoptosis was delayed or inhibited. CONCLUSION: Hepatocyte apoptosis induced by death receptors is regulated by Bid and the translocation and insertion of Bax are also dependent on Bid.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Proteínas de Transporte/farmacologia , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatócitos/fisiologia , Animais , Proteína Agonista de Morte Celular de Domínio Interatuante com BH3 , Genes bcl-2 , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fragmentos de Peptídeos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2 , Translocação Genética , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2 , Receptor fas
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