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1.
Mol Neurobiol ; 2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33725320

RESUMO

It has been reported that the gut microbiome modulates postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD), and that administration of probiotics (VSL#3) may effectively relieve POCD. In this study, we aimed to identify the underlying mechanism of VSL#3 in POCD. A mouse model of POCD was constructed in adult male C57BL/6 mice, which were then treated with VSL#3. VSL#3 exerted a protective role against POCD and resultant neuronal apoptosis. The expression of miR-146a was found to be downregulated in hippocampal tissues of POCD mice, while VSL#3 could restore its expression. Loss- and gain-function approaches were conducted to determine the roles of microRNA (miR)-146a, B-cell translocation gene 2 (BTG2), and Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) in post-operative effects on cognitive function and neuronal apoptosis. The levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were measured to determine oxidative stress in brain tissue. The dual-luciferase reporter gene assay identified that miR-146a could target BTG2 and negatively regulate its expression. BTG2 knockdown suppressed neuronal apoptosis and contributed to shortened time of latency, prolonged time of mice spent in the target quadrant, and reduced oxidative stress through downregulating Bax expression. Finally, VSL#3 treatment upregulated the expression of miR-146a to block BTG2/Bax axis and consequently inhibited neuronal apoptosis and reduced oxidative stress in POCD mice. Taken together, the study suggested that miR-146a-mediated suppression of BTG2/Bax contributed to the protective role of probiotics treatment against POCD.

2.
Cardiovasc Res ; 2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33752236

RESUMO

AIMS: Macrophage-mediated inflammatory response represents a key pathophysiological process in a host of cardiovascular diseases including heart failure. Regardless of etiology, heart failure is invariably preceded by cardiac hypertrophy. In the present study we investigated the effect of macrophage-specific deletion of myocardin-related transcription factor A (MRTF-A) on cardiac hypertrophy and the underlying mechanism. METHODS AND RESULTS: We report that when subjected to transverse aortic constriction (TAC), macrophage MRTF-A conditional knockout (CKO) mice developed a less severe phenotype of cardiac hypertrophy compared to wild type (WT) littermates and were partially protected from the loss of heart function. In addition, there was less extensive cardiac fibrosis in the CKO mice than WT mice following the TAC procedure. Further analysis revealed that cardiac inflammation, as assessed by levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, was dampened in CKO mice paralleling reduced infiltration of macrophages in the heart. Mechanistically, MRTF-A deficiency attenuated the expression of integrin beta 2 (ITGB2/CD18) in macrophage thereby disrupting adhesion of macrophages to vascular endothelial cells. MRTF-A was recruited by Sp1 to the ITGB2 promoter and cooperated with Sp1 to activate ITGB2 transcription in macrophages. Administration of a CD18 blocking antibody attenuated TAC induced cardiac hypertrophy in mice. Interaction between MRTF-A and the histone demethylase KDM3A likely contributed to IGTB2 transcription and consequently adhesion of macrophages to endothelial cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that MRTF-A may regulate macrophage trafficking and contribute to the pathogenesis of cardiac hypertrophy by activating ITGB2 transcription.

3.
PLoS Med ; 18(2): e1003508, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33561122

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether consumption of egg and cholesterol is detrimental to cardiovascular health and longevity is highly debated. Data from large-scale cohort studies are scarce. This study aimed to examine the associations of egg and cholesterol intakes with mortality from all causes, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and other causes in a US population. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Overall, 521,120 participants (aged 50-71 years, mean age = 62.2 years, 41.2% women, and 91.8% non-Hispanic white) were recruited from 6 states and 2 additional cities in the US between 1995 and 1996 and prospectively followed up until the end of 2011. Intakes of whole eggs, egg whites/substitutes, and cholesterol were assessed by a validated food frequency questionnaire. Cause-specific hazard models considering competing risks were used, with the lowest quintile of energy-adjusted intake (per 2,000 kcal per day) as the reference. There were 129,328 deaths including 38,747 deaths from CVD during a median follow-up of 16 years. Whole egg and cholesterol intakes were both positively associated with all-cause, CVD, and cancer mortality. In multivariable-adjusted models, the hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) associated with each intake of an additional half of a whole egg per day were 1.07 (1.06-1.08) for all-cause mortality, 1.07 (1.06-1.09) for CVD mortality, and 1.07 (1.06-1.09) for cancer mortality. Each intake of an additional 300 mg of dietary cholesterol per day was associated with 19%, 16%, and 24% higher all-cause, CVD, and cancer mortality, respectively. Mediation models estimated that cholesterol intake contributed to 63.2% (95% CI 49.6%-75.0%), 62.3% (95% CI 39.5%-80.7%), and 49.6% (95% CI 31.9%-67.4%) of all-cause, CVD, and cancer mortality associated with whole egg consumption, respectively. Egg white/substitute consumers had lower all-cause mortality and mortality from stroke, cancer, respiratory disease, and Alzheimer disease compared with non-consumers. Hypothetically, replacing half a whole egg with equivalent amounts of egg whites/substitutes, poultry, fish, dairy products, or nuts/legumes was related to lower all-cause, CVD, cancer, and respiratory disease mortality. Study limitations include its observational nature, reliance on participant self-report, and residual confounding despite extensive adjustment for acknowledged dietary and lifestyle risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, intakes of eggs and cholesterol were associated with higher all-cause, CVD, and cancer mortality. The increased mortality associated with egg consumption was largely influenced by cholesterol intake. Our findings suggest limiting cholesterol intake and replacing whole eggs with egg whites/substitutes or other alternative protein sources for facilitating cardiovascular health and long-term survival. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00340015.

4.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 216, 2021 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33499822

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MS) can promote the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The objective of this study was to examine the association of MS and its components with CVD, to further prevent and control CVD in Kazakhs. METHODS: In the cohort study, a total of 2644 participants completed the baseline survey between April 2010 and December 2012.The follow-up survey was conducted from April 2016 to December 2016 and was completed by 2286 participants (86.46% follow-up rate). Cox regression was used to evaluate the association of each component and the number of combinations of MS components on the development of CVD. RESULTS: A total of 278 CVD patients were enrolled from rural residents of Xinjiang. The average age of the MS and non-MS groups was 46.33 and 38.71 years, respectively. Independent associations with CVD were found for elevated blood pressure (BP) (adjusted hazard ratio (HR) [aHR] = 1.50,95%confidence interval [CI]: 1.08-2.08), elevated waist circumference (WC) (aHR = 1.60, 95%CI: 1.19-2.15), and elevated triglycerides (TG) (aHR = 1.44, 95%CI: 1.04-2.01). Participants with one to 5 MS components had an increased HR for developing CVD, from 1.82to 8.59 (P for trend < 0.001), compared with those with no MS components. The risk of developing CVD increased when TG and WC coexisted (aHR = 2.16, 95%CI: 1.54-3.04)), when TG and BP coexisted ((aHR = 1.92, 95%CI: 1.32-2.79), and when WC and BP coexisted (aHR = 1.93, 95%CI: 1.33-2.82)). However, no significant interactions were found between BP, WC, and TG. CONCLUSIONS: Elevations of BP, WC, and TG were independent risk factors for CVD in Kazakhs. Control of these factors is important to prevent CVD in this population.

5.
Nutrition ; 81: 110902, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32739659

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Current levels of potato consumption in relation to mortality in Chinese people remains unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the intakes of total potatoes, fried potatoes, non-fried potatoes, and sweet potatoes as dietary carbohydrate sources in relation to all-cause mortality in the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS). METHODS: Overall 14 117 participants ≥20 y of age were included, with a median follow-up of 14 y. The cumulative average consumption of potatoes and other foods were calculated and validated using weighing methods in combination with 3-d, 24-h dietary recalls at both household and individual levels. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using Cox proportional hazards regression models after multivariate adjustment. RESULTS: We documented 1007 deaths among the participants. The low and moderate intakes of total potatoes, fried potatoes, and non-fried potatoes were inversely associated with mortality. Compared with non-consumers, the intakes of total potatoes (HR, 0.48; 95% CI, 0.38-0.59), fried potatoes (HR, 0.44; 95% CI, 0.34-0.56), and non-fried potatoes (HR, 0.47; 95% CI, 0.37-0.61) at low consumption levels were most significantly related to lower mortality. Sweet potato consumption was inversely associated with mortality after full adjustment (HR, 0.82; 95% CI, 0.69-0.96) compared with non-consumers. Substituting grains and mixed beans for potatoes with equal amounts at high consumption levels strengthened the inverse associations. CONCLUSION: In the CHNS, current low and moderate, but not high levels of total potato and fried/non-fried potato consumption as well as sweet potato consumption were inversely associated with all-cause mortality among Chinese people.

6.
Cutan Ocul Toxicol ; : 1-19, 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33283549

RESUMO

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the primary cause of irreversible severe visual loss among the elderly globally. Oxidative stress acts as a vital role in the pathogenesis of dry AMD, during which cells activate the autophagic process to avoid further damage. It is well known that oxidative stress damage happened in retinal pigment epithelial cells (RPE) could disrupt the blood outer-retinal barrier (OBRB) and thus reduce the expressions of tight junction proteins and lead to its abnormal distribution. Recent research has proven that if we can improve autophagy, alleviate cellular senescence and inhibit bizarre retinal immune-inflammation responses, It may be feasible to postpone the development of AMD and to obtain better clinical results. Therefore, our research focuses on improving the level of autophagy. Quercetin has been purported to be a novel and easy cytoprotective agent for its efficiency in opposition to RPE cell death induced by oxidative stress. However, the effects of quercetin on the OBRB during oxidative stress remain undefined. The present study explored the biological functions and effects of quercetin on oxidative stress induced by H2O2 and its underlying mechanisms in the OBRB. We demonstrated that quercetin could protect human retinal pigment epithelial cells barrier-related proteins from oxidative stress via upregulating autophagy response. The outcomes offer a molecular foundation for the application of quercetin management in the treatment of AMD.

7.
Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf ; 19(1): 124-148, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33319523

RESUMO

Heterocyclic aromatic amines (HAAs) as probable carcinogenic substances are mainly generated in meat products during thermal processing. Numerous studies have contributed to the analysis, formation, and mitigation of HAAs during food processing. However, few articles have comprehensively reviewed food safety aspects from both food processing and dietary intake regarding the formation, mitigation, metabolism, biomarkers for exposure, hazard control, and risk assessment of HAAs, and related food safety researches. Several factors may influence the generation of HAAs, including processing temperature, processing time, and chemical composition of the meat. Nonetheless, these mutagenic compounds are attenuated to different levels by the addition of natural or synthetic flavorings and antioxidant-rich marinades, as well as pretreatments using technique such as microwave heating. After dietary intake, different types of HAAs are metabolized in humans by several enzymes, including cytochrome P450s, peroxidases, N-acetyltransferases, sulfotransferases, uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferases, and glutathione S-transferases. Their primary metabolites are further conjugated with DNA or ultimately excreted in urine and feces. The 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine in hair as well as DNA, hemoglobin, and serum albumin adducts has been considered as biomarkers for exposure assessment. Dietary intake information obtained from questionnaires and the results of epidemiological investigations have shown a positive relationship between the intakes of red meat and processed meat and high risk of cancer incidence. As several cancers have been reported to be associated with HAAs, HAAs should be both effectively reduced during food processing and controlled from dietary intake to facilitate human health.

8.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 43(10): 1534-1541, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32999164

RESUMO

miR-144-5p exhibits anti-tumor activities in various cancers. Although treatment for glioblastoma has progressed rapidly, novel targets for glioblastoma are insufficient, particularly those used in precision medicine. In the current study, we found that ginsenoside Rd reduced the proliferation and migration of glioblastoma cells. Ginsenoside Rd up-regulated the tumor-suppressive miR-144-5p in glioblastoma cells. Moreover, Toll-like receptor 2, which is a target of miR-144-5p, was down-regulated. After inhibition of miR-144-5p, the effect of Ginsenoside Rd on proliferation inhibition and down-regulation of Toll-like receptor 2 was reduced. These data demonstrated the ginsenoside Rd/miR-144-5p/Toll-like receptor 2 regulatory nexus that controls the glioblastoma pathogenesis of glioblastoma. Our work provided novel targets for glioblastoma diagnosis and treatment.

9.
Clin Nutr ; 2020 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32741682

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Accumulating evidence has linked distinct associations of red/processed and white meat consumption with chronic diseases and longevity among the general population. However, the associations of meat consumption and changes with mortality among hypertensive patients remain unknown. We aimed to assess the associations of red and white meat consumption with all-cause mortality among hypertensive patients in China. METHODS: We followed 8095 hypertensive patients from the China Health and Nutrition Survey between 1991 and 2015. In each survey year, 3-day 24-h dietary records were used to collect dietary data. Cumulative averages of dietary meat intake after the diagnosis of hypertension were calculated. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for mortality. RESULTS: Overall 927 deaths were documented among these hypertensive patients during an average of 11.4 years of follow-up. Red meat consumption was positively associated with all-cause mortality after multivariable adjustment [HR (95% CI) comparing the highest versus lowest quartile: 1.29 (1.05-1.57), P trend = 0.02]. White meat intake was associated with lower all-cause mortality [HR (95% CI) comparing the highest tertile with non-consumers: 0.77 (0.63-0.94), P trend = 0.002]. Increasing red meat consumption from before to after hypertension diagnosis was significantly associated with higher all-cause mortality [HR (95% CI): 1.55 (1.05-2.28), P trend = 0.04]. Theoretically replacing 1 ounce/day of red meat with the equivalent amount of white meat or eggs was associated with 5% and 10% lower all-cause mortality, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: High consumption of red meat, especially after hypertension diagnosis, is associated with higher mortality among hypertensive patients. Our findings suggest replacing red meat consumption with healthy alternative foods for long-term survival among hypertensive patients.

10.
Chem Rec ; 20(9): 922-935, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32614148

RESUMO

Two dimensional (2D) porous materials have great potential in electrochemical energy conversion and storage. Over the past five years, our research group has focused on Simple, Mass, Homogeneous and Repeatable Synthesis of various 2D porous materials and their applications for electrochemical energy storage especially for supercapacitors (SCs). During the experimental process, through precisely controlling the experimental parameters, such as reaction species, molar ratio of different ions, concentration, pH value of reaction solution, heating temperature, and reaction time, we have successfully achieved the control of crystal structure, composition, crystallinity, morphology, and size of these 2D porous materials including transition metal oxides (TMOs), transition metal hydroxides (TMHOs), transition metal oxalates (TMOXs), transition metal coordination complexes (TMCCs) and carbon materials, as well as their derivatives and composites. We have also named some of them with CQU-Chen (CQU is the initialism of Chongqing University, Chen is the last name of Lingyun Chen), such as CQU-Chen-Co-O-1, CQU-Chen-Ni-O-H-1, CQU-Chen-Zn-Co-O-1, CQU-Chen-Zn-Co-O-2, CQU-Chen-OA-Co-2-1, CQU-Chen-Co-OA-1, CQU-Chen-Ni-OA-1, CQU-Chen-Gly-Co-3-1, CQU-Chen-Gly-Ni-2-1, CQU-Chen-Gly-Co-Ni-1, etc. The introduction of 2D porous materials as electrode materials for SCs improves the energy storage performances. These materials provide a large number of active sites for ion adsorption, supply plentiful channels for fast ion transport and boost electrical conductivity and facilitate electron transportation and ion penetration. The unique 2D porous structures review is mainly devoted to the introduction of our contribution in the 2D porous nanostructured materials for SC. Finally, the further directions about the preparation of 2D porous materials and electrochemical energy conversion and storage applications are also included.

11.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 8: 235, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32363192

RESUMO

Renal fibrosis represents a key pathophysiological process in patients with chronic kidney diseases (CKD) and is typically associated with a poor prognosis. Renal tubular epithelial cells (RTECs), in response to a host of pro-fibrogenic stimuli, can trans-differentiate into myofibroblast-like cells and produce extracellular matrix proteins to promote renal fibrosis. In the present study we investigated the role of histone deacetylase 11 (HDAC11) in this process and the underlying mechanism. We report that expression levels of HDAC11 were up-regulated in the kidneys in several different animal models of renal fibrosis. HDAC11 was also up-regulated by treatment of Angiotensin II (Ang II) in cultured RTECs. Consistently, pharmaceutical inhibition with a small-molecule inhibitor of HDAC11 (quisinostat) attenuated unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) induced renal fibrosis in mice. Similarly, HDAC11 inhibition by quisinostat or HDAC11 depletion by siRNA blocked Ang II induced pro-fibrogenic response in cultured RTECs. Mechanistically, HDAC11 interacted with activator protein 2 (AP-2α) to repress the transcription of Kruppel-like factor 15 (KLF15). In accordance, KLF15 knockdown antagonized the effect of HDAC11 inhibition or depletion and enabled Ang II to promote fibrogenesis in RTECs. Therefore, we data unveil a novel AP-2α-HDAC11-KLF15 axis that contributes to renal fibrosis.

12.
J Nutr ; 150(7): 1799-1807, 2020 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32364230

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that the relations between intakes of individual fatty acids and risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) vary. However, associations between intakes of different cooking oils as sources of fatty acids and incident T2D remain largely unknown. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate relations between intakes of individual cooking oils and incident T2D in a nationwide Chinese cohort. METHODS: Overall 15,022 Chinese adults aged ≥20 y from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) without self-reported T2D at entry in the 1997, 2000, 2004, 2006, or 2009 rounds were followed up until 2011. Consumption of various cooking oils/fats including lard, peanut oil, soybean oil, canola oil, sesame oil, and refined blended plant oil was assessed using 3-d 24-h records in each survey and the cumulative mean intake was calculated. Multivariable-adjusted Cox proportional hazards regression models were constructed to estimate the HRs of T2D. RESULTS: A total of 1014 cases were recorded after a median follow-up of 14 y. The intakes of animal and plant cooking oils/fats were both associated with higher T2D risk. Compared with nonconsumers, multivariable-adjusted HRs and 95% CIs for the highest tertiles were 1.31 (1.03, 1.67) for lard, 1.36 (1.10, 1.66) for peanut oil, 1.14 (0.91, 1.43) for soybean oil, 1.11 (0.87, 1.43) for canola oil, 1.02 (0.79, 1.32) for sesame oil, and 1.42 (1.12, 1.82) for refined blended plant oil. Substituting 1 tablespoon/d (8 g · 2000 kcal-1 · d-1) of soybean oil for the sum of lard, peanut oil, refined blended plant oil, and other plant oils was associated with a 3% (HR: 0.97; 95% CI: 0.95, 0.99) lower risk of T2D. CONCLUSIONS: Intakes of lard, peanut oil, and refined blended plant oil but not soybean oil, canola oil, and sesame oil are associated with higher T2D risk. Reducing the consumption of cooking oils in general may be protective against T2D among the Chinese population.This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT03259321.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Culinária , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/induzido quimicamente , Gorduras na Dieta , Óleos Vegetais , Adulto , China , Estudos de Coortes , Dieta , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
13.
Clin Nutr ; 39(12): 3703-3710, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32359931

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Evidence linking individual cooking oil consumption with total mortality is limited in China. The aim of this study was to examine the associations of intakes of plant-sourced and animal-sourced cooking oils with total mortality in a Chinese nationwide cohort. METHODS: We analyzed data from 14,305 adults aged ≥20 y at entry in the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS). The 3-day 24-h dietary records were used to collect dietary information. Cox proportional hazards regression models were established to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of all-cause death. RESULTS: Overall 1006 deaths were documented during a median of 14 years (199,091 person-years) of follow-up. Multivariate-adjusted HRs (95% CIs) of total mortality via comparing the highest tertile of cooking oil consumption with no consumption were 0.86 (0.70-1.06) for lard, 0.59 (0.47-0.74) for peanut oil, 0.71 (0.54-0.93) for soybean oil, 0.76 (0.61-0.94) for canola oil, 0.71 (0.50-0.99) for salad oil, and 0.59 (0.44-0.79) for other plant cooking oils. Replacing animal cooking oils with 1 tablespoon/d of total plant cooking oils or other plant cooking oils was related to 4% or 17% lower total mortality, respectively, while consumption of peanut oil or salad oil in replacement of animal cooking oils had a marginal inverse association with total mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Intakes of plant-sourced cooking oils, including peanut oil, soybean oil, canola oil, salad oil, and other plant cooking oils and substituting plant cooking oils for animal cooking oils were associated with lower total mortality among general Chinese population (NCT03259321).

14.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(3): 295-8, 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32270644

RESUMO

Professor JIN Ya-pei 's thinking on the diagnosis and treatment of perimenopausal insomnia and the characteristics of acupuncture and moxibustion were summarized. Professor JIN Ya-pei believes that the pathogenesis of perimenopausal insomnia is imbalance of yin and yang, and disharmony of the heart and the kidney. Additionally, it is also closely related to liver stagnation and spleen deficiency. The syndrome differentiation and treatment principle of traditional Chinese medicine is combined with the theory of I Ching. Navel acupuncture is adopted at the points around the umbilicus to achieve the tonification for the deficiency condition and the reducing for the excess one. Additionally, the body acupuncture is used to regulate menstruation. The coordination of these two acupuncture regimens achieves the significant effect on perimenopausal insomnia, which provides a new reference and approach to the clinical treatment of perimenopausal insomnia.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Moxibustão , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/terapia , Pontos de Acupuntura , Feminino , Humanos , Perimenopausa , Umbigo
15.
Clin Nutr ; 39(11): 3520-3527, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32307193

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Evidence linking egg and dietary cholesterol consumption with human health and longevity is highly debated. Data from non-Western populations are sparse. We aim to prospectively assess the egg and cholesterol consumption in relation to mortality in a nationwide Chinese cohort. METHODS: We followed 18,914 adults aged ≥20 y from China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) between 1991 and 2015. In each survey year, 3-day 24-hr dietary records were used to collect dietary data. Cumulative averages of egg and cholesterol intakes were calculated. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using the Cox proportional hazards model. RESULTS: Overall 1,429 deaths were reported after a median follow-up of 15 years. Egg consumption was significantly associated with lower total mortality (P-trend<0.001). Multivariable-adjusted HRs (95% CIs) were 0.69 (0.59-0.81) for 1-3 eggs/wk, 0.68 (0.59-0.79) for 3-7 eggs/wk, 0.78 (0.66-0.93) for 1-2 eggs/d, and 0.64 (0.52-0.78) for ≥2 eggs/d compared with ≤1 egg/wk. Although total dietary cholesterol was not related to mortality, intake of cholesterol from eggs was inversely associated with total mortality (P-trend = 0.001) while intake of cholesterol from non-egg sources was positively related to total mortality (P-trend = 0.01). Substituting 50 g/d egg for equivalent amounts of dairy products, nuts/legumes, or red meat was associated with 9%, 7%, or 8% lower total mortality, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Egg consumption is associated with lower total mortality among the Chinese population. Consuming cholesterol from non-egg sources may be detrimental to longevity. Habitual consumption of eggs should continue to be recommended in the Chinese dietary guidelines while excess intake of cholesterol from non-egg sources may be discouraged. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRY: This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov (NCT04104308).

16.
J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol ; 30(5): 835-844, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32015430

RESUMO

Previous epidemiologic research has shown that phthalate exposure in pregnant women is related to birth outcomes in a sex-specific manner. These outcomes may be mediated by placental inflammation, which is the proposed biological mechanism. This is the first study to address the relationship between phthalate exposure and gene expression in placental inflammation in a sex-specific manner. We performed quantitative PCR to measure placental inflammatory mRNAs (CRP, TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-10, MCP-1, IL-8, CD68, and CD206) in 2469 placentae that were sampled at birth. We estimated the associations between mRNA and urinary phthalate monoesters using multiple linear regression models. Mono-n-butyl phthalate (MBP) was correlated with higher IL-1ß, IL-6, and CRP expression in placentae of male fetuses and with higher IL-6, CRP, MCP-1, IL-8, IL-10, and CD68 expression in placentae of female fetuses. Mono benzyl phthalate (MBzP) increased the expression of TNF-α, MCP-1, and CD68 only in placentae of male fetuses. Mono (2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl) phthalate (MEOHP) was negatively correlated with CRP, MCP-1, and CD68 in placentae of female fetuses. Maternal phthalate exposure was associated with inflammatory variations in placental tissues. The associations were stronger in placentae of male than of female fetuses. Compared with the other metabolites, MBP plays a strong role in these associations. The placenta is worth being further investigated as a potential mediator of maternal exposure-induced disease risk in children.

17.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 49(7): 645-654, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32004389

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) ranks as the fifth most frequent cancer worldwide, and the recurrence and migration of OSCC still pose large threats to patients. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have recently emerged as crucial players in cancer development, and it is of great significance to understand the regulatory nexus of lncRNAs in OSCC. METHODS: Here, we identified a novel lncRNA, RP11-874J12.4, which is ectopically expressed in OSCC and facilitates OSCC. RESULTS: RP11-874J12.4 directly binds to and regulates miR-19a-5p. Interestingly, RP11-874J12.4 and miR-19a-5p form a negative regulatory loop that inhibits the expression of miR-19a-5p in OSCC. The expression of an oncogenic transcription factor, EBF1, is unleashed in OSCC due to the low expression of miR-19a-5p, which promotes the growth and migration of OSCC. CONCLUSION: Our data illustrate a regulatory axis of RP11-874J12.4/miR-19a-5P/EBF1 and an inhibitory loop with RP11-874J12.4 and miR-19a-5p. These data provide insights into the tumorigenesis of OSCC and the novel drug targets for OSCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias Bucais , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Transativadores
18.
World J Clin Cases ; 8(3): 645-651, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32110678

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the overall incidence of tuberculosis in underdeveloped areas has increased in recent years, esophageal tuberculosis (ET) is still rare. Intestinal tuberculosis (ITB) is relatively more common, but there are few reports of ET complicated with ITB. We report a case of secondary ET complicated with ITB in a previously healthy patient. CASE SUMMARY: A 27-year-old female was hospitalized for progressive dysphagia, retrosternal pain, acid regurgitation, belching, heartburn, and nausea. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a mid-esophageal ulcerative hyperplastic lesion. Endoscopic ultrasonography showed a homogeneous hypoechoic lesion, with adjacent enlarged lymph nodes. Biopsy histopathology showed inflammatory exudation, exfoliated epithelial cells and interstitial granulation tissue proliferation. Colonoscopy revealed a rat-bite ulcer in the terminal ileum and a superficial ulcer in the ascending colon, near the ileocecal region. The ileum lesion biopsy showed focal granulomas with caseous necrosis. Polymerase chain reaction for Mycobacterium tuberculosis was positive in the esophageal and ileum lesion biopsies. The T-cell spot tuberculosis test was also positive. The patient was diagnosed with secondary ET infiltrated by mediastinal lymphadenopathy and complicated with ITB, possibly from the Mycobacterium tuberculosis-infected esophageal lesion. After 2 mo of anti-tuberculosis therapy, her symptoms improved significantly, and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed healing ulcers. CONCLUSION: When dysphagia or odynophagia occurs in patients at high-risk for tuberculosis, ET should be considered.

19.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(6): 670-685, 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32103875

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Esophageal carcinoma is a malignant gastrointestinal tumor with a very poor prognosis. MicroRNA (miR)-1304 is a newly discovered non-coding RNA, which shows differential expression in other cancers, and its clinical value in esophageal carcinoma remains unclear. AIM: To explore the expression of miR-1304 in patients with esophageal carcinoma and its clinical value. METHODS: The expression of miR-1304 in patients with esophageal carcinoma was analyzed based on the data on miR in esophageal carcinoma downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas database. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was adopted to determine the expression of miR-1304 in the tissues and serum of patients. The clinical diagnostic value of miR-1304 and independent factors for recurrence and prognosis of esophageal carcinoma were then analyzed. The potential target genes of miR-1304 were predicted, and then analyzed based on gene ontology, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes, and Genomes, and protein-protein interaction. RESULTS: The expression of miR-1304 in the tissues and serum of patients with esophageal carcinoma increased, and was also increased according to the database. Patients with high expression of miR-1304 suffered increased rates of tumor ≥ 3 cm, low differentiation and stage II + III. miR-1304 had a diagnostic value in identifying esophageal carcinoma, tumor size, differentiation and TNM stage. Tumor size, differentiation, TNM stage, and miR-1304 were independent risk factors for recurrence of esophageal carcinoma, and they had certain predictive and diagnostic value for the recurrence of esophageal carcinoma. Seventy-eight patients showed a 3-year survival rate of 38.46%, and patients with high expression of miR-1304 had a relatively lower survival rate. Multivariate analysis revealed that tumor size, differentiation, recurrence and miR-1304 were independent factors for the prognosis of patients. MiRTarBase, miRDB, and Targetscan predicted 20 target genes in total. Gene ontology enrichment analysis found 18 functions with a P < 0.05, and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes, and Genomes analysis found 11 signal pathways with a P < 0.05. String analysis of protein co-expression found 269 relationship pairs, of which co-expression with epidermal growth factor was the most common. CONCLUSION: miR-1304 can be used as a potential indicator for the diagnosis and recurrence of esophageal carcinoma and for survival of patients with this disease.

20.
Br J Nutr ; : 1-10, 2020 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32102700

RESUMO

Although higher dietary intake of MUFA has been shown to improve glycaemic control and lipid profiles, whether MUFA consumption from different sources is linked to the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D) remains unclear. We aimed to prospectively assess the associations of plant-derived MUFA (P-MUFA) and animal-derived MUFA (A-MUFA) intakes with T2D risk in a nationwide oriental cohort. Overall, 15 022 Chinese adults, aged ≥20 years, from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS 1997-2011) were prospectively followed up for a median of 14 years. Consumption of MUFA from plant and animal sources was assessed using 3-d 24-h recalls in each survey, and the cumulative average of intake was calculated. Multivariable-adjusted Cox models were constructed to estimate the hazard ratios (HR) of T2D according to quartiles of MUFA intake. P-MUFA were mainly consumed from cooked vegetable oils, fried bread sticks and rice, while A-MUFA were mainly consumed from pork, lard and eggs. Intake of P-MUFA was associated with a higher risk of T2D (HRQ4 v. Q1 1·50 (95 % CI 1·18, 1·90); Ptrend = 0·0013), whereas A-MUFA showed no significant association (HRQ4 v. Q1 0·84 (95 % CI 0·59, 1·20); Ptrend = 0·30). When further considering the cooking method of food sources, consumption of P-MUFA from fried foods was positively associated with T2D risk (HRQ4 v. Q1 1·60 (95 % CI 1·26, 2·02); Ptrend = 0·0006), whereas non-fried P-MUFA were not associated. Intake of MUFA from fried plant-based foods may elevate T2D risk among the Chinese population.

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