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1.
J Trauma ; 65(1): 154-62, 2008 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18580521

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We sought to establish a transgenic animal line skin-specifically overexpressing cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4-immunoglobulin (CTLA4Ig) as a reproducible source of xenogeneic skin grafts with extended survival for wound coverage. We tested this strategy in mice based on a previously established transgenic mouse line that stably and skin-specifically expresses CTLA4Ig for lifetimes and generations. METHODS: CTLA4Ig expression was examined by immunohistochemical assay, and its bio-activity was tested by mixed lymphocyte reaction. The survival of transgenic mouse skin grafted onto rat burn wounds was observed. The impact of transgenic skin grafting on recipient immunity was evaluated by inspecting the survival of the wild-type skin grafted along with transgenic skin onto a separate wound on the same rat. The circulatory CTLA4Ig protein in recipient was detected by sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and its impact on recipient lymphocyte response against donor antigen was tested by mixed lymphocyte reaction. RESULTS: The transgenic CTLA4Ig protein suppressed lymphocyte proliferation in vitro, and the transgenic skin graft survival was remarkably prolonged compared with the wild-type skin derived from the same mouse strain. The survival of the wild-type skin grafted along with transgenic skin exhibited no significant difference from that grafted alone. Circulatory CTLA4Ig protein was detected in recipients, however, no significantly reduced recipient lymphocyte response against donor antigen was observed. CONCLUSION: transgenic expression of CTLA4Ig may be a potential and safe method to prolong xenogenic skin graft survival in burn wounds, and transgenic animal lines can be established as a reproducible source of skin grafts with extended survival for wound coverage.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/fisiologia , Queimaduras/cirurgia , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/fisiologia , Transplante de Pele/métodos , Transplante Heterólogo , Animais , Queimaduras/imunologia , Queimaduras/metabolismo , Antígeno CTLA-4 , Imunossupressão , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Ratos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
2.
Se Pu ; 20(2): 156-8, 2002 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12541975

RESUMO

UV labeling detection has been commonly used to determine the association constants between lectins and saccharides, but the interaction is always between the labeled carbohydrates, rather than the truly underivatized carbohydrates, and lectins. In order to directly detect saccharides during the study on the interaction of glucose and its derivatives with lectins (e.g., concanavalin A), a capillary zone electrophoretic method with detection at a wavelength of 195 nm has been developed. The influences of various separation conditions including buffer concentration, pH and voltage were investigated. By using an uncoated silica capillary (50 microns i.d., 375 microns o.d., 48.5 cm of total length, and 44.0 cm to the detector) and 50 mmol/L Na2HPO(4)-50 mmol/L NaH2PO4 solution (near to the physiological pH of 7.4) as buffer, the underivatized sugars, including glucosamine, N-acetylglucosamine, glucose, and sodium gluconate, were sufficiently separated within 11 min at an applied voltage of 10 kV. On-column UV monitoring allowed the detection of these compounds at less than 4 mmol/L level, and quantification by the peak area method allowed reproducible determination of them at least at their respective concentration ranges. The method is characterized by its simplicity, rapidity, and reproducibility, and should be useful for the analysis of the interaction of glucose and its derivatives with lectins.


Assuntos
Eletroforese Capilar/métodos , Glucose/análise , Lectinas/análise , Concanavalina A/análise , Concanavalina A/isolamento & purificação , Gluconatos/análise , Gluconatos/isolamento & purificação , Glucose/análogos & derivados , Glucose/isolamento & purificação , Lectinas/isolamento & purificação , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta
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