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Haematologica ; 105(1): 218-225, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31048354


Pancreatic cancer is associated with a high incidence of venous thromboembolism. Neutrophils have been shown to contribute to thrombosis in part by releasing neutrophil extracellular traps (NET). A recent study showed that increased plasma levels of the NET biomarker, citrullinated histone H3 (H3Cit), are associated with venous thromboembolism in patients with pancreatic and lung cancer but not in those with other types of cancer, including breast cancer. In this study, we examined the contribution of neutrophils and NET to venous thrombosis in nude mice bearing human pancreatic tumors. We found that tumor-bearing mice had increased circulating neutrophil counts and levels of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor, neutrophil elastase, H3Cit and cell-free DNA compared with controls. In addition, thrombi from tumor-bearing mice contained increased levels of the neutrophil marker Ly6G, as well as higher levels of H3Cit and cell-free DNA. Thrombi from tumor-bearing mice also had denser fibrin with thinner fibers consistent with increased thrombin generation. Importantly, either neutrophil depletion or administration of DNase I reduced the thrombus size in tumor-bearing but not in control mice. Our results, together with clinical data, suggest that neutrophils and NET contribute to venous thrombosis in patients with pancreatic cancer.

J Thromb Haemost ; 17(12): 2169-2173, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393055


BACKGROUND: Some clinical studies have shown that low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWHs) prolong the survival of cancer patients. In addition, various anticoagulants have been shown to reduce growth of tumors in mice. However, there are no studies on the effect of the factor Xa inhibitor rivaroxaban on growth of human pancreatic tumors in nude mice. OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that the factor Xa inhibitor rivaroxaban reduces the growth of tissue factor (TF)-positive pancreatic tumors but not TF-negative pancreatic tumors in mice. METHODS: The TF-positive human pancreatic cancer cell line BxPc-3 and the TF-negative human pancreatic cancer cell line MIA PaCa-2 were injected subcutaneously into nude mice and tumors grown to a mean volume of ~100 mm3 . Mice were then divided into two groups. One group was fed chow containing rivaroxaban (0.5 g/kg chow) whereas the other group was fed chow without rivaroxaban. RESULTS: Rivaroxaban significantly prolonged prothrombin time in tumor-bearing mice. Rivaroxaban did not affect cell proliferation or growth of either BxPc-3 or MIA PaCa-2 tumors grown subcutaneously in nude mice. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that inhibition of factor Xa with rivaroxaban does not affect the growth of two human pancreatic tumors in nude mice.