Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 8 de 8
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater ; 100(4): 1086-92, 2012 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22331596

RESUMO

There have been reports of the sensitivity of our current dentin adhesives to excess moisture, for example, water-blisters in adhesives placed on over-wet surfaces, and phase separation with concomitant limited infiltration of the critical dimethacrylate component into the demineralized dentin matrix. To determine quantitatively the hydrophobic/hydrophilic components in the aqueous phase when exposed to over-wet environments, model adhesives were mixed with 16, 33, and 50 wt % water to yield well-separated phases. Based upon high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with photodiode array detection, it was found that the amounts of hydrophobic BisGMA and hydrophobic initiators are less than 0.1 wt % in the aqueous phase. The amount of these compounds decreased with an increase in the initial water content. The major components of the aqueous phase were hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and water, and the HEMA content ranged from 18.3 to 14.7 wt %. Different BisGMA homologues and the relative content of these homologues in the aqueous phase have been identified; however, the amount of crosslinkable BisGMA was minimal and, thus, could not help in the formation of a crosslinked polymer network in the aqueous phase. Without the protection afforded by a strong crosslinked network, the poorly photoreactive compounds of this aqueous phase could be leached easily. These results suggest that adhesive formulations should be designed to include hydrophilic multimethacrylate monomers and water compatible initiators.


Assuntos
Dentina/química , Adesividade , Adesivos/análise , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Adesivos Dentinários/análise , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Metacrilatos/química , Metilmetacrilatos/química , Modelos Químicos , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta/métodos , Água/química
2.
Dent Mater ; 27(9): e187-95, 2011 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21700326

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this work was to develop a methodology for the prediction of fatigue life of the dentin-adhesive (d-a) interface. METHODS: At the micro-scale, the d-a interface is composed of dissimilar material components. Under global loading, these components experience different local stress amplitudes. The overall fatigue life of the d-a interface is, therefore, determined by the material component that has the shortest fatigue life under local stresses. Multiple 3d finite element (FE) models were developed to determine the stress distribution within the d-a interface by considering variations in micro-scale geometry, material composition and boundary conditions. The results from these models were analyzed to obtain the local stress concentrations within each d-a interface component. By combining the local stress concentrations and experimentally determined stress versus number of cycle to failure (S-N) curves for the different material components, the overall fatigue life of the d-a interface was predicted. RESULTS: The fatigue life was found to be a function of the applied loading amplitude, boundary conditions, microstructure and the mechanical properties of the material components of the d-a interface. In addition, it was found that the overall fatigue life of the d-a interface is not determined by the weakest material component. In many cases, the overall fatigue life was determined by the adhesive although exposed collagen was the weakest material component. Comparison of the predicted results with experimental data from the literature showed both qualitative and quantitative agreement. SIGNIFICANCE: The methodology developed for fatigue life prediction can provide insight into the mechanisms that control degradation of the bond formed at the d-a interface.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário/métodos , Adesivos Dentinários , Adesivos , Colágeno/química , Resinas Compostas , Dentina/anatomia & histologia , Módulo de Elasticidade , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Modelos Estruturais , Cimentos de Resina , Estresse Mecânico
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21429849

RESUMO

Composite restorations in modern restorative dentistry rely on the bond formed in the adhesive-infiltrated acid-etched dentin. The physical characteristics of etched dentin are, therefore, of paramount interest. However, characterization of the acid-etched zone in its natural state is fraught with problems stemming from a variety of sources including its narrow size, the presence of water, heterogeneity, and spatial scale dependency. We have developed a novel homotopic (same location) measurement methodology utilizing scanning acoustic microscopy (SAM). Homotopic measurements with SAM overcome the problems encountered by other characterization/imaging methods. These measurements provide us with acoustic reflectance at the same location of both the pre- and post-etched dentin in its natural state. We have applied this methodology for in vitro measurements on dentin samples. Fourier spectra from acid-etched dentin showed amplitude reduction and shifts of the central frequency that were location dependent. Through calibration, the acoustic reflectance of acid-etched dentin was found to have complex and non-monotonic frequency dependence. These data suggest that acid-etching of dentin results in a near-surface graded layer of varying thickness and property gradations. The measurement methodology described in this paper can be applied to systematically characterize mechanical properties of heterogeneous soft layers and interfaces in biological materials.


Assuntos
Condicionamento Ácido do Dente , Dentina/química , Microscopia Acústica/métodos , Calibragem , Humanos , Dente Serotino/química
4.
J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater ; 95(2): 283-90, 2010 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20848661

RESUMO

The objective of the current study is to characterize the viscoelastic and fatigue properties of model methacrylate-based dentin adhesives under dry and wet conditions. Static, creep, and fatigue tests were performed on cylindrical samples in a 3-point bending clamp. Static results showed that the apparent elastic modulus of the model adhesive varied from 2.56 to 3.53 GPa in the dry condition, and from 1.04 to 1.62 GPa in the wet condition, depending upon the rate of loading. Significant differences were also found for the creep behavior of the model adhesive under dry and wet conditions. A linear viscoelastic model was developed by fitting the adhesive creep behavior. The developed model with 5 Kelvin Voigt elements predicted the apparent elastic moduli measured in the static tests. The model was then utilized to interpret the fatigue test results. It was found that the failure under cyclic loading can be due to creep or fatigue, which has implications for the failure criterion that are applied for these types of tests. Finally, it was found that the adhesive samples tested under dry conditions were more durable than those tested under wet conditions.


Assuntos
Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Teste de Materiais , Metacrilatos , Viscosidade , Modelos Teóricos
5.
Ann Biomed Eng ; 38(6): 1989-2003, 2010 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20195761

RESUMO

Results from clinical studies suggest that more than half of the 166 million dental restorations that were placed in the United States in 2005 were replacements for failed restorations. This emphasis on replacement therapy is expected to grow as dentists use composite as opposed to dental amalgam to restore moderate to large posterior lesions. Composite restorations have higher failure rates, more recurrent caries, and increased frequency of replacement as compared to amalgam. Penetration of bacterial enzymes, oral fluids, and bacteria into the crevices between the tooth and composite undermines the restoration and leads to recurrent decay and premature failure. Under in vivo conditions the bond formed at the adhesive/dentin interface can be the first defense against these noxious, damaging substances. The intent of this article is to review structural aspects of the clinical substrate that impact bond formation at the adhesive/dentin interface; to examine physico-chemical factors that affect the integrity and durability of the adhesive/dentin interfacial bond; and to explore how these factors act synergistically with mechanical forces to undermine the composite restoration. The article will examine the various avenues that have been pursued to address these problems and it will explore how alterations in material chemistry could address the detrimental impact of physico-chemical stresses on the bond formed at the adhesive/dentin interface.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/química , Cimentos Dentários/química , Dentina/química , Adesividade , Animais , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
6.
Acta Biomater ; 5(4): 1338-48, 2009 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19059013

RESUMO

Microscale elastic moduli, composition and density have rarely been determined at the same location for biological materials. In this paper, we have performed homotopic measurements to determine the physico-mechanical properties of a second primary molar specimen exhibiting sound and caries-affected regions. A microscale acoustic impedance map of a section through this sample was acquired using scanning acoustic microscopy (SAM). Scanning electron microscopy was then used to obtain mineral mass fraction of the same section using backscattered images. Careful calibration of each method was performed to reduce system effects and obtain accurate data. Resorption, demineralization and hypermineralization mechanisms were considered in order to derive relationships between measured mineral mass fraction and material mass density. As a result, microscale mass density was determined at the same lateral resolution and location as the SAM data. The mass density and the acoustic impedance were combined to find the microscale elastic modulus and study the relationship between microscale composition and mechanical properties.


Assuntos
Fenômenos Químicos , Dentina/química , Dente/química , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura
7.
J R Soc Interface ; 2(3): 145-57, 2005 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16849175

RESUMO

A finite element (FE) model has been developed based upon the recently measured micro-scale morphological, chemical and mechanical properties of dentin-adhesive (d-a) interfaces using confocal Raman microspectroscopy and scanning acoustic microscopy (SAM). The results computed from this FE model indicated that the stress distributions and concentrations are affected by the micro-scale elastic properties of various phases composing the d-a interface. However, these computations were performed assuming isotropic material properties for the d-a interface. The d-a interface components, such as the peritubular and intertubular dentin, the partially demineralized dentin and the so-called "hybrid layer" adhesive-collagen composite, are probably anisotropic. In this paper, the FE model is extended to account for the probable anisotropic properties of these d-a interface phases. A parametric study is performed to study the effect of anisotropy on the micromechanical stress distributions in the hybrid layer and the peritubular dentin phases of the d-a interface. It is found that the anisotropy of the phases affects the region and extent of stress concentration as well as the location of the maximum stress concentrations. Thus, the anisotropy of the phases could effect the probable location of failure initiation, whether in the peritubular region or in the hybrid layer.


Assuntos
Adesivos/química , Dentina/química , Anisotropia , Sítios de Ligação , Dentina/ultraestrutura , Elasticidade , Humanos , Microquímica , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Estatística como Assunto
8.
J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater ; 70(1): 56-65, 2004 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15199584

RESUMO

The interfacial microstructure and spatial distribution of the modulus of elasticity have a profound effect on load transfer at the dentin/adhesive (d/a) interface. The microstructure is influenced by the varying degree of demineralization of intertubular and peritubular dentin during etching as well as the depth of adhesive penetration into the hybrid layer. These factors lead not only to a unique microstructure in the vicinity of the dentinal tubules, but also to a mechanically graded hybrid layer. This article investigates the micromechanical stress distribution at a d/a interface with the use of finite element analysis (FEA). Such analysis is now feasible given the newly measured moduli of elasticity at micro- and nanoscales. The results indicate that the morphological and micromechanical properties of the d/a interface affects the stress field such that the fracture/failure is likely to initiate in the stress-concentration zone of peritubular dentin next to the hybrid/exposed-collagen layer. The results suggest that devising a full-depth high modulus hybrid layer may considerably reduce the stress concentration zone and the magnitude of stress concentration in the peritubular dentin next to the hybrid/exposed-collagen layer.


Assuntos
Adesivos/química , Dentina/química , Dentina/ultraestrutura , Animais , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Colágeno/química , Elasticidade , Análise de Falha de Equipamento , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Estresse Mecânico , Dente/anatomia & histologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...