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1.
Rev Panam Salud Publica ; 43: e55, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31171925

RESUMO

Caribbean countries are experiencing social, epidemiological, and demographic transitions shaped by the growing elderly population and the rise of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs)-now responsible for 78% of all deaths. These circumstances demand rethinking the model of care to improve health outcomes and build more sustainable health systems with new orientations in policy, service delivery, organization, training, technology, and financing. Policy must be aimed towards healthy living, leveraging interventions that ensure healthy aging. The health system must proactively structure interventions to reduce the incidence of new NCD cases and to prevent related complications. Interventions should be focused on optimizing the individual's capacity, functional ability, and autonomy within adapted environments, as well as with the necessary preventive, long-term care, self-care, community care, and health system support.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-51069

RESUMO

[ABSTRACT]. Caribbean countries are experiencing social, epidemiological, and demographic transitions shaped by the growing elderly population and the rise of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs)—now responsible for 78% of all deaths. These circumstances demand rethinking the model of care to improve health outcomes and build more sustainable health systems with new orientations in policy, service delivery, organization, training, technology, and financing. Policy must be aimed towards healthy living, leveraging interventions that ensure healthy aging. The health system must proactively structure interventions to reduce the incidence of new NCD cases and to prevent related complications. Interventions should be focused on optimizing the individual’s capacity, functional ability, and autonomy within adapted environments, as well as with the necessary preventive, long-term care, self-care, community care, and health system support.


[RESUMEN]. Los países del Caribe están experimentando transiciones sociales, epidemiológicas y demográficas como resultado del envejecimiento de la población y el aumento de la prevalencia de las enfermedades no transmisibles (ENT), que en la actualidad causan el 78% de todas las defunciones. Estas circunstancias exigen replantear el modelo de atención para mejorar los resultados de salud y establecer sistemas de salud más sostenibles mediante nuevos enfoques en políticas, prestación de servicios, organización, capacitación, tecnología y financiamiento. Las políticas deben tener como propósito procurar una vida saludable, aprovechando las intervenciones que garanticen el envejecimiento saludable. El sistema de salud debe ser proactivo, estructurando las intervenciones para reducir la incidencia de nuevos casos de ENT y para prevenir las complicaciones relacionadas. Las intervenciones deben centrarse en optimizar la capacidad funcional, la autonomía y el desenvolvimiento general de la persona dentro de un entorno adaptado y con el apoyo necesario del sistema de salud en materia de atención preventiva, cuidados a largo plazo, de autocuidado y de atención en la comunidad.


[RESUMO]. Os países do Caribe estão passando por transições sociais, epidemiológicas e demográficas configuradas pela população de idosos cada vez maior e a ascensão das doenças não transmissíveis (DNTs), já responsáveis por 78% de todas as mortes. Essas circunstâncias exigem repensar o modelo de atenção para melhorar os desfechos de saúde e construir sistemas de saúde mais sustentáveis, com novas orientações de política, prestação de serviços, organização, treinamento, tecnologia e financiamento. As políticas devem ser orientadas para a vida saudável, alavancando intervenções que asseguram o envelhecimento saudável. O sistema de saúde deve estruturar proativamente intervenções para reduzir a incidência de novos casos de DNT e a prevenir as complicações relacionadas. As intervenções devem se concentrar na otimização da capacidade do indivíduo, das habilidades funcionais e da autonomia dentro de ambientes adaptados, e também nas ações preventivas a para assistência de longa duração, no autocuidado, na atenção na comunidade e no apoio pelos sistemas de saúde.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Saúde , Envelhecimento , Doenças não Transmissíveis , Aruba , Curaçao , Sistemas de Saúde , Envelhecimento , Doenças não Transmissíveis , Sistemas de Saúde , Envelhecimento , Doenças não Transmissíveis , Curaçao
3.
Mol Biol Evol ; 33(12): 3314-3316, 2016 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27634869

RESUMO

Modern phylogenomic analyses often result in large collections of phylogenetic trees representing uncertainty in individual gene trees, variation across genes, or both. Extracting phylogenetic signal from these tree sets can be challenging, as they are difficult to visualize, explore, and quantify. To overcome some of these challenges, we have developed TreeScaper, an application for tree set visualization as well as the identification of distinct phylogenetic signals. GUI and command-line versions of TreeScaper and a manual with tutorials can be downloaded from https://github.com/whuang08/TreeScaper/releases TreeScaper is distributed under the GNU General Public License.


Assuntos
Filogenia , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos , Simulação por Computador , Bases de Dados de Ácidos Nucleicos , Evolução Molecular , Software
4.
J Am Osteopath Assoc ; 116(1): e1-5, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26745574

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Stem cell therapy is thought to improve wound healing and promote vasculogenesis and has also been investigated as a treatment for patients with erectile dysfunction (ED), which is usually caused by a microvascular disease such as diabetes mellitus or hypertension. OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and effects of using placental matrix-derived mesenchymal stem cells (PM-MSCs) in the treatment of patients with ED. METHODS: Participants were recruited from a private practice urology in Coral Springs, Florida. Each patient received an injection of PM-MSCs and was followed up with at 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months to assess peak systolic velocity (PSV), end diastolic velocity, stretched penile length, penile width, and erectile function status based on the International Index of Erectile Function questionnaire. RESULTS: Eight patients were injected with PM-MSCs. At the 6-week follow-up, PSV ranged from 25.5 cm/s to 56.5 cm/s; at 3 months, PSV ranged from 32.5 cm/s to 66.7 cm/s. Using unpaired t tests, the increase in PSV was statistically significant (P<.05). At 6 months, PSV ranged from 50.7 cm/s to 73.9 cm/s (P<.01). Changes in measured end diastolic velocity, stretched penile length, penile width, and International Index of Erectile Function scores were not statistically significant. At the 6-week follow-up, 2 patients for whom previous oral therapies failed had the ability to sustain erections on their own. At the 3-month follow-up, 1 additional patient was able to achieve erections on his own. CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is one of the first human studies to report on the feasibility of using stem cell therapy to treat patients with ED. The results indicate that this treatment may be beneficial, and further investigations with larger sample sizes should be conducted. (ClinicalTrials.gov number NCT02398370).


Assuntos
Disfunção Erétil/terapia , Placenta/citologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco/métodos , Células-Tronco/citologia , Adulto , Idoso , Disfunção Erétil/diagnóstico , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo
5.
J Am Osteopath Assoc ; 115(10): e8-13, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26414724

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Peyronie disease (PD) is a connective tissue disorder involving the formation of fibrous plaques in the tunica albuginea. Abnormal plaques and scar tissue create a chronic state of inflammation, causing increased curvature of the penis as well as erectile dysfunction. OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and effects of using placental matrix-derived mesenchymal stem cells (PM-MSCs) in the management of PD. METHODS: In a prospective study, patients with PD were injected with PM-MSCs, and followed up at 6-week, 3-month, and 6-month intervals to assess changes in plaque volume, penile curvature, and erectile function status (measured using peak systolic velocity, end-diastolic velocity, and the International Index of Erectile Function questionnaire). RESULTS: In the 5 patients enrolled in the study, statistically significant increases in peak systolic velocity occurred after PM-MSC injection (P<.01). Of a total of 10 plaques managed, 7 had disappeared completely at 3-month follow-up. Changes in end-diastolic velocity, stretched penile length, and penile girth were not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this study is the first on the use of stem cells to manage PD in humans. The results suggest that PM-MSCs may be beneficial and effective as a nonsurgical treatment in patients with PD. Future studies with long-term follow-up in a larger sample of patients are warranted. (ClinicalTrials.gov number NCT02395029).


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/métodos , Induração Peniana/terapia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
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