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1.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 427-432, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32515412

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyse the effect of information technologies on improving the frequency of the use of dental floss among adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomised, controlled clinical trial was conducted with 291 adolescents (mean age: 16.1 years) in three phases. Phase I involved the application of a questionnaire and clinical examinations using the simplified Oral Hygiene Index and gingival bleeding index. In phase II, the adolescents were randomly allocated to four groups: oral counseling (OR) and the use of an application (App) for smartphones; OR without the app; video (VD) and app; and VD without app. Messages were set through the app for 30 days. Phase III involved the second administration of the questionnaire and clinical examination. The frequency of dental floss use was evaluated in phases I and III. The groups were categorised into the use of technology (VD and/or App) and non-use of technology (OR alone). RESULTS: Statistically significant reductions in the clinical indices were found with all educational methods (p < 0.005) and improvements were found in the use of dental floss (p < 0.001). Moreover, information technologies were associated with an improvement in the frequency of dental floss use (p < 0.033). CONCLUSION: All methods were effective at improving clinical indicators. The use of information technologies can be considered an effective tool for improving dental floss use among adolescents.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Tecnologia da Informação , Adolescente , Dispositivos para o Cuidado Bucal Domiciliar , Índice de Placa Dentária , Humanos , Índice de Higiene Oral
2.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1135557

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the influence of oral health knowledge in adolescents' oral hygiene pattern. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study involving 291 participants aged between 14 and 19 years old enrolled in a public school in Curitiba, Brazil. A self-administered questionnaire containing five affirmations about periodontal diseases and their forms of prevention was arranged on a three-point Likert scale. Correct answers were given a weight=1 and incorrect ones, weight=0. The knowledge score (KS) was determined by the sum. Socioeconomic and demographic data were obtained by a questionnaire sent to those responsible. The oral hygiene pattern was evaluated through the simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S) by a calibrated researcher (K=0.89). Mann-Whitney U test and univariate and multivariate Poisson regression with robust variance were used for data analysis (α=0.05). Results: There was an inversely proportional association between KS and OHI-S (p=0.018). The multiple model showed that adolescents with a lower KS (PR = 0.93, CI95%: 0.88-0.99), male gender (PR = 1.17, CI95%: 1.01-1.37) and whose caregivers presented a lower level of education (PR=1.30, CI95%: 1.03-1.64) showed a higher index of dental plaque. Conclusion: The level of oral health knowledge, the gender and the caregivers' level of education influences the adolescents' oral hygiene pattern.

3.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 28(4): 410-419, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29756308

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a decisive period in the construction of new conduits. OBJECTIVE: The influence of an App associated with conventional educational methods in adolescents' oral health. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial including 291 participants (mean age = 16.1 years) in baseline. The study consisted of four phases. Interventions were evaluated through the knowledge score (KS) and oral indexes (OHI-S/GBI). KS was obtained through five affirmations about periodontal diseases applied in different moments (pre-test, post-test, and follow-up test). Phase I included pre-test and oral clinical examination. Sample was randomly divided into two groups: oral (OG) and video orientation (VG) and post-test (phase II). Phase III characterized the formation of groups: OG + App/OG without App/VG + App/VG without App. App consisted of reinforcement messages which was sent during 30 days. Phase IV comprised follow-up test and clinical evaluation. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in KS between OG/VG. Overall, App improved KS (P < 0.001). VG + App showed a significant increase in KS in the follow-up test compared to the post-test (P = 0.046). There was a significant reduction in oral indexes for all methods. CONCLUSION: App was effective in increasing knowledge, especially associated with video. The different methods were equally effective for a better standard in oral hygiene.


Assuntos
Aplicativos Móveis , Saúde Bucal/educação , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Doenças Periodontais/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
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