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2.
Reg Anesth Pain Med ; 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33649155

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Routine follow-up of patients who receive a nerve block for ambulatory surgery typically consists of a phone call from a regional anesthesia clinician. This process can be burdensome for both patients and clinicians but is necessary to assess the efficacy and complication rate of nerve blocks. METHODS: We present our experience developing an automated system for completing follow-up via short message service text messaging and our preliminary results using it at three clinical sites. The system is built on REDCap, a secure online research data capture platform developed by Vanderbilt University and currently available worldwide. RESULTS: Our automated system queried patients who received a variety of nerve block techniques, assessed patient-reported nerve block duration, and surveyed patients for potential complications. Patient response rate to text messaging averaged 91% (higher than our rates of daily phone contact reported previously) for patients aged 18 to 90 years. CONCLUSIONS: Given the wide availability of REDCap, we believe this automated text messaging system can be implemented in a variety of health systems at low cost with minimal technical expertise and will improve both the consistency of patient follow-up and the service efficiency of regional anesthesia practices.

4.
World J Surg ; 45(5): 1293-1296, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33638023

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As surgical systems are forced to adapt and respond to new challenges, so should the patient safety tools within those systems. We sought to determine how the WHO SSC might best be adapted during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: 18 Panelists from five continents and multiple clinical specialties participated in a three-round modified Delphi technique to identify potential recommendations, assess agreement with proposed recommendations and address items not meeting consensus. RESULTS: From an initial 29 recommendations identified in the first round, 12 were identified for inclusion in the second round. After discussion of recommendations without consensus for inclusion or exclusion, four additional recommendations were added for an eventual 16 recommendations. Nine of these recommendations were related to checklist content, while seven recommendations were related to implementation. CONCLUSIONS: This multinational panel has identified 16 recommendations for sites looking to use the surgical safety checklist during the COVID-19 pandemic. These recommendations provide an example of how the SSC can adapt to meet urgent and emerging needs of surgical systems by targeting important processes and encouraging critical discussions.

5.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0244860, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33524031

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Regional anesthesia offers an alternative to general anesthesia and may be advantageous in low resource environments. There is a paucity of data regarding the practice of regional anesthesia in low- and middle-income countries. Using access data from a free Android app with curated regional anesthesia learning modules, we aimed to estimate global interest in regional anesthesia and potential applications to clinical practice stratified by World Bank income level. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data collected from the free Android app "Anesthesiologist" from December 2015 to April 2020. The app performs basic anesthetic calculations and provides links to videos on performing 12 different nerve blocks. Users of the app were classified on the basis of whether or not they had accessed the links. Nerve blocks were also classified according to major use (surgical block, postoperative pain adjunct, rescue block). RESULTS: Practitioners in low- and middle-income countries accessed the app more frequently than in high-income countries as measured by clicks. Users from low- and middle-income countries focused mainly on surgical blocks: ankle, axillary, infraclavicular, interscalene, and supraclavicular blocks. In high-income countries, more users viewed postoperative pain blocks: adductor canal, popliteal, femoral, and transverse abdominis plane blocks. Utilization of the app was constant over time with a general decline with the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. CONCLUSION: The use of an in app survey and analytics can help identify gaps and opportunities for regional anesthesia techniques and practices. This is especially impactful in limited-resource areas, such as lower-income environments and can lead to targeted educational initiatives.


Assuntos
Anestesia Local/economia , Educação em Saúde/economia , Renda , Aplicativos Móveis , Telemedicina , Geografia , Humanos , Bloqueio Nervoso , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia
7.
Pain Manag Nurs ; 2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33132041

RESUMO

As healthcare practitioners continue to search for multimodal analgesic therapies to reduce postoperative opioid requirements, surgical ward nurses need to stay up to date on the status of emerging therapies. One of these is intravenous lidocaine for postoperative pain management. Unfortunately, there is a lack of resources to assist surgical ward nurses who are unfamiliar with lidocaine infusions for pain. This article aims to review the pharmacology of intravenous lidocaine for pain management, describe an experience of a university-affiliated Veterans Affairs hospital with implementation of intravenous lidocaine on the surgical ward, and suggest practical tools that can be used to develop protocols and educational content for nurses managing intravenous lidocaine infusions in the postoperative period.

9.
Orthopedics ; : 1-6, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002174

RESUMO

Evidence is limited regarding cannabinoid use among total joint arthroplasty (TJA) patients, despite increased availability and popularity for treating chronic pain. The authors hypothesized that preoperative cannabinoid use increased and opioid use decreased during a 6-year interval in total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients, and also asked whether complications were associated with use of these substances. This retrospective, single-institution study reviewed electronic medical records and the Veterans Affairs Surgical Quality Improvement Program (VASQIP) database for TJA cases from 2012 through 2017. Primary outcomes were the prevalence and trends of active cannabinoid and opioid use, as determined by routine preoperative urine toxicology screening. Multivariable regression analyses were conducted to investigate a secondary outcome, whether there was an association between cannabinoid or opioid use and postoperative complications. A total of 1778 operations (1161 TKAs and 617 THAs) performed on 1519 patients were reviewed. The overall prevalence of pre-operative cannabinoid and opioid use was 11% and 23%, respectively. Comparing 2012 with 2017, cannabinoid use increased from 9% to 15% (P=.049), and opioid use decreased from 24% to 17% (P=.040). Cannabinoid users were more likely to be taking opioids than nonusers (P=.002). Controlling for age, sex, surgery type, and American Society of Anesthesiologists score, cannabinoid use was not associated with 90-day readmission, infection, reoperation, or other VASQIP-captured complications. Laboratory testing indicated a much higher prevalence of cannabinoid use among TJA patients than previously reported. During a 6-year period, cannabinoid use increased more than 60%, and opioid use decreased approximately 30%. These findings indicate that cannabinoid use did not appear to be associated with perioperative complications. [Orthopedics. 2021;44(x):xx-xx.].

10.
Pain ; 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021563

RESUMO

Phantom limb pain is thought to be sustained by reentrant neural pathways which provoke dysfunctional reorganization in the somatosensory cortex. We hypothesized that disrupting reentrant pathways with a 6-day-long continuous peripheral nerve block reduces phantom pain 4 weeks after treatment. We enrolled patients who had an upper- or lower-limb amputation and established phantom pain. Each was randomized to receive a 6-day perineural infusion of either ropivacaine or normal saline. The primary outcome was the average phantom pain severity as measured with a Numeric Rating Scale (0-10) at 4 weeks, after which an optional crossover treatment was offered within the following 0-12 weeks. Pretreatment pain scores were similar in both groups, with a median [interquartile range] of 5.0 [4.0, 7.0] for each. After 4 weeks, average phantom limb pain intensity was a mean (SD) of 3.0 (2.9) in patients given local anesthetic versus 4.5 (2.6) in those given placebo (difference (95% CI) 1.3 (0.4, 2.2), P=0.003). Patients given local anesthetic had improved global impression of change and less pain-induced physical and emotional dysfunction, but did not differ on depression scores. For subjects who received only the first infusion (no self-selected crossover), the median decrease in phantom limb pain at 6 months for treated subjects was 3.0 [0, 5.0] vs. 1.5 [0, 5.0] for the placebo group; there appeared to be little residual benefit at 12 months. We conclude that a 6-day continuous peripheral nerve block reduces phantom limb pain as well as physical and emotional dysfunction for at least 1 month.

12.
Pain Med ; 21(10): 2423-2429, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869079

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The optimal continuous peripheral nerve block (CPNB) technique for total hip arthroplasty (THA) that maximizes both analgesia and mobility is unknown. Continuous erector spinae plane (ESP) blocks were implemented at our institution as a replacement for fascia iliaca (FI) catheters to improve our THA clinical pathway. We designed this study to test the hypothesis that this change will increase early postoperative ambulation for elective primary THA patients. METHODS: We identified all consecutive primary unilateral THA cases six months before and six months after the clinical pathway change to ESP catheters. All other aspects of the THA clinical pathway and multimodal analgesic regimen including perineural infusion protocol did not change. The primary outcome was total ambulation distance (meters) on postoperative day 1. Other outcomes included total ambulation on postoperative day 2, combined two-day ambulation distance, pain scores, opioid consumption, inpatient length of stay, and minor and major adverse events. RESULTS: Eighty-eight patients comprised the final sample (43 FI and 45 ESP). Postoperative day 1 total ambulation distance was greater for the ESP group compared with the FI group (median [10th-90th percentiles] = 24.4 [0.0-54.9] vs 9.1 [0.7-45.7] meters, respectively, P = 0.036), and two-day ambulation distance was greater for the ESP group compared with the FI group (median [10th-90th percentiles] = 68.6 [9.0-128.0] vs 46.6 [3.7-104.2] meters, respectively, P = 0.038). There were no differences in pain scores, opioid use, or other outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Replacing FI catheters with continuous ESP blocks within a clinical pathway results in increased early ambulation by elective primary THA patients.

14.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 27(12): 4588-4602, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32783121

RESUMO

Opioid overdose accounted for more than 47,000 deaths in the United States in 2018. The risk of new persistent opioid use following breast cancer surgery is significant, with up to 10% of patients continuing to fill opioid prescriptions one year after surgery. Over prescription of opioids is far too common. A recent study suggested that up to 80% of patients receiving a prescription for opioids post-operatively do not need them (either do not fill the prescription or do not use the medication). In order to address this important issue, The American Society of Breast Surgeons empaneled an inter-disciplinary committee to develop a consensus statement on pain control for patients undergoing breast surgery. Representatives were nominated by the American College of Surgeons, the Society of Surgical Oncology, The American Society of Plastic Surgeons, and The American Society of Anesthesiologists. A broad literature review followed by a more focused review was performed by the inter-disciplinary panel which was comprised of 14 experts in the fields of breast surgery, anesthesiology, plastic surgery, rehabilitation medicine, and addiction medicine. Through a process of multiple revisions, a consensus was developed, resulting in the outline for decreased opioid use in patients undergoing breast surgery presented in this manuscript. The final document was reviewed and approved by the Board of Directors of the American Society of Breast Surgeons.

15.
Korean J Anesthesiol ; 73(5): 363-371, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32752602

RESUMO

Pain management plays a fundamental role in enhanced recovery after surgery pathways. The concept of multimodal analgesia in providing a balanced and effective approach to perioperative pain management is widely accepted and practiced, with regional anesthesia playing a pivotal role. Nerve block techniques can be utilized to achieve the goals of enhanced recovery, whether it be the resolution of ileus or time to mobilization. However, the recent expansion in the number and types of nerve block approaches can be daunting for general anesthesiologists. Which is the most appropriate regional technique to choose, and what skills and infrastructure are required for its implementation? A multidisciplinary team-based approach for defining the goals is essential, based on each patient's needs, and incorporating patient, surgical, and social factors. This review provides a framework for a personalized approach to postoperative pain management with an emphasis on regional anesthesia techniques.

20.
Am J Otolaryngol ; 41(4): 102284, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32505434

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Videolaryngoscopy is commonly used by anesthesiologists to manage difficult airways. Recently otolaryngologists have reported use in select procedures; to date there is limited evaluation in head and neck surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent direct laryngoscopy (DL) with use of GlideScope videolaryngoscopy (GVL) were retrospectively identified from a tertiary care Veterans Affairs hospital. GVL was used to assist or replace traditional laryngoscopes for diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. RESULTS: Nineteen patients (48-83 years old) underwent 21 procedures. Difficult endotracheal intubation was reported in 53% of patients. GVL replaced traditional DL in 76% of cases, assisted evaluation prior to traditional DL in 10%, and rescued failed traditional DL in 14%. No complications occurred. Three indications for GVL were identified. DISCUSSION: GVL was safe in our experience and provides unique benefits in selected scenarios in head and neck surgery. Otolaryngologists can consider videolaryngoscopy as a complement to traditional DL.


Assuntos
Manuseio das Vias Aéreas/métodos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Laringoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/cirurgia , Cirurgia Vídeoassistida/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Segurança , Resultado do Tratamento
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