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1.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 20(1): 139-143, 2019 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30678425

RESUMO

Introduction: Adiponectin is anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor cytokine secreted exclusively from adipocytes. There is a growing evidence of association between adiponectin gene polymorphism and development of pancreatic cancer. The current study aimed at evaluation of the possible association between selected adiponectin gene polymorphism and the risk of pancreatic cancer. Methods: Prospective case-control study included 77 patients (29 women and 48 men) with biopsy-proven pancreatic adenocarcinoma and 97 healthy control. Blood samples from all included participants were genotyped for 3 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) of adiponectin genes (rs1501299C>A, rs266729C>G and rs2241766G>T) by PCR. Clinical, biochemical, and radiological data analyzed. Results: We demonstrated a significant association between the three studied SNPs (rs1501299, rs266729, and rs2241766) and increased risk of pancreatic adenocarcinoma (p<0.001). Furthermore, in clinical correlation analysis, Patients with rs2241766 polymorphism have a lower frequency of lymph node involvement (p 0.05). Smoking and older age were independent predictors of pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Conclusion: We provided evidence that variants in adiponectin gene might influence the development and progression of pancreatic cancer.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adiponectina/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Frequência do Gene/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
2.
J Gastrointest Oncol ; 9(6): 1190-1197, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30603141

RESUMO

Background: Gastrointestinal (GI) lymphoma is a challenging disease. We aimed to study and characterize the different endoscopic and transabdominal ultrasonography (TUS) features of gut lymphoma and to assess whether TUS has a complementary role to endoscopy in the diagnosis of GI lymphoma. Methods: This study was conducted on 21 patients with GI lymphoma, attending the GI endoscopy and liver unit, Endemic Medicine Department and Oncology Department in Kasr El Aini Hospital, Cairo University. Patients were subjected to GI endoscopy (upper endoscopy & colonoscopy) and transabdominal ultrasonography. The diagnosis was finally based on histopathology of core biopsies (obtained either endoscopically or by ultrasonography) and immuno-histochemistry. Results: In all 21 patients with GI lymphoma included in this study, TUS could accurately determine the site of disease affection compared to endoscopy which is considered the gold standard for site localization. The main TUS pathologic features detected were increased wall thickness of the affected bowel segment with a mean value of (15.6±5.9 mm) and loss of layering pattern in 16 patients (76%). While the most common endoscopic features were ulcers and mass lesions accounting for 38% of the patients for each. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma was found in 19 patients (90%). Because of endoscopic biopsies were conclusive in 14 patients (67%), TUS guided biopsy was resorted to in 7 patients and was diagnostic in all of them. Conclusions: Transabdominal ultrasonography is a useful tool in the diagnosis of GI lymphoma that is complementary to conventional diagnostic endoscopic procedures.

3.
Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 12(2): 201-207, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29219625

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present study aimed at evaluation of the usefulness of point shear wave elastography (pSWE) in characterization of FLL(s) by quantifying their stiffness. METHODS: In total, 197 patients (mean age was 56.57 years) with FLL(s) on conventional ultrasound were included. Final diagnoses, confirmed by imaging and/or biopsy whenever possible, included hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (n = 143), metastasis (n = 36), hemangioma (n = 16), and focal nodular hyperplasia (n = 2). Stiffness evaluation was performed by pSWE. Stiffness ratio (lesion to background liver) was calculated. ROC analysis was performed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the stiffness value and stiffness ratio and to extract the optimal cutoff values for characterisation of FLL(s). RESULTS: HCC was significantly softer than its surrounding liver parenchyma [5.43 (3.03) vs. 17.05 (8.53) kPa, p <0.001]. However, the stiffness values for the other examined FLLs were comparable to their surrounding liver parenchyma. No significant difference was detected across different types of metastases or between metastases and surrounding liver (p>0.05). Stiffness ratio was superior to stiffness value in discrimination of HCC from metastasis (AUROC, 0.91 vs. 0.51 respectively). CONCLUSION: pSWE could provide a complementary information about FLLs especially in differentiation between HCCs from metastases.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/métodos , Hiperplasia Nodular Focal do Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemangioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Área Sob a Curva , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Hiperplasia Nodular Focal do Fígado/patologia , Hemangioma/patologia , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
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