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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769684

RESUMO

Economic crises cause significant shortages in disposable income and a sharp decline in the living conditions, affecting healthcare sector, hitting the profitability and sustainability of companies leading to raises in unemployment. At micro level, these sharp decreases in earnings associated with unemployment and furthermore with the lack of social protection will impact the quality of life and finally the health of individuals. In time of crisis, it becomes vital to support not only the critical sectors of the economy, the assets, technology, and infrastructure, but to protect jobs and workers. This health crisis has hit hard the jobs dynamics through unemployment and underemployment, the quality of work (through wages, or access to social protection), and through the effects on specific groups, with a higher degree of vulnerability to unfavorable labor market outcomes. In this context, providing forecasts as recent as possible for the unemployment rate, a core indicator of the Romanian labor market that could include the effects of the market shocks it becomes fundamental. Thus, the paper aims to offer valuable forecasts for the Romanian unemployment rate using univariate vs. multivariate time series models for the period 2021-2022, highlighting the main patterns of evolution. Based on the univariate time series models, the paper predict the future values of unemployment rate based on its own past using self-forecasting and implementing ARFIMA and SETAR models using monthly data for the period January 2000-April 2021. From the perspective of multivariate time series models, the paper uses VAR/VECM models, analyzing the temporal interdependencies between variables using quarterly data for the period 2000Q1-2020Q4. The empirical results pointed out that both SETAR and VECM provide very similar results in terms of accuracy replicating very well the pre-pandemic period, 2018Q2-2020Q1, reaching the value of 4.1% at the beginning of 2020, with a decreasing trend reaching the value of 3.9%, respectively, 3.6% at the end of 2022.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Desemprego , Economia , Emprego , Humanos , Renda , Romênia , Fatores Socioeconômicos
2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(17)2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34502230

RESUMO

Polybetaines, that have moieties bearing both cationic (quaternary ammonium group) and anionic groups (carboxylate, sulfonate, phosphate/phosphinate/phosphonate groups) situated in the same structural unit represent an important class of smart polymers with unique and specific properties, belonging to the family of zwitterionic materials. According to the anionic groups, polybetaines can be divided into three major classes: poly(carboxybetaines), poly(sulfobetaines) and poly(phosphobetaines). The structural diversity of polybetaines and their special properties such as, antifouling, antimicrobial, strong hydration properties and good biocompatibility lead to their use in nanotechnology, biological and medical fields, water remediation, hydrometallurgy and the oil industry. In this review we aimed to highlight the recent developments achieved in the field of biomedical applications of polybetaines such as: antifouling, antimicrobial and implant coatings, wound healing and drug delivery systems.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Betaína/farmacologia , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Cicatrização , Animais , Humanos
3.
Rom J Morphol Embryol ; 62(2): 605-613, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35024752

RESUMO

Chondrosarcoma (CHS) is a malignant tumor of soft tissue with cartilaginous differentiation that represent one tenth of all malignant proliferations developed from bone tissues. Even if CHS represents the third malignancy with bone localization, after myeloma and osteosarcoma, it is far less diagnosed in the head and neck region. The current paper presented two cases of conventional CHSs, which were diagnosed in Department of Thoracic Surgery and Department of Otorhinolaryngology of Emergency City Hospital, Timisoara, Romania, between February and June 2021. The malignant cases were of peripheral CHSs, one of scapula, and the other one had an extremely rare tracheal location with microscopic features of conventional low-grade tumors (grade 1). In all cases, conservative surgical curative treatment was performed, with a favorable postoperative evolution.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Condrossarcoma , Osteossarcoma , Condrossarcoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Condrossarcoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Romênia
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