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1.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; : 194599820930662, 2020 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32513092

RESUMO

Podcasts are online digital audio programs that are disseminated via online subscription that are easily accessible through computers or smartphones. Increasingly, residents and medical students are prioritizing podcasts for asynchronous medical education due to ease of use, convenience (eg, use while exercising or commuting), and repeatability. Some trainees have found podcasts more useful than traditional didactic lectures. Given the increasing requirements of social distancing and the need for distance medical education platforms, podcast production can serve as a useful tool to complement resident and medical student education and is a resource that will remain accessible in perpetuity. An otolaryngology specialty podcast, "Headmirror's ENT in a Nutshell," was created to augment asynchronous learning and address the acute need for distance learning opportunities. Over the first 7 weeks of production, 50 episodes were created. Episodes were posted on www.headmirror.com, with subscription services available through Apple Podcast, Spotify, and other platforms.

2.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 2020 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32449549

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Buccal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a locoregionally aggressive malignancy, representing a small subset of oral cancers in North America. We investigated the prognostic value of several clinicopathologic factors in a cohort of patients diagnosed with buccal SCC. METHODS: Between years 1992 and 2017, 52 patients were diagnosed with conventional buccal SCC. Archival surgical pathology material was retrospectively reviewed for reportable findings according to the latest reporting guidelines published by the College of American Pathologists. Clinical data were obtained through chart review. RESULTS: The majority of patients were of older age, current or past smokers, and without specific gender predilection. Most presented at a clinically advanced stage and were treated with surgery alone, or surgery followed by adjuvant radiotherapy. The tumor recurred in about 40% of patients, and almost half of the patients died from the disease by the end of the follow-up period. The worst pattern of invasion (WPOI) was associated with greater depth of invasion (DOI) (P = .031) and perineural invasion (P < .001). In univariate analyses, older age (P = .004), positive nodal status (P = .047), lymphovascular invasion (P = .012), perineural invasion (P = .05), and WPOI-5 (P = .015) were adverse predictors of 5-year overall survival (OS). In multivariate analysis, older age (P = .011), WPOI-5 (P < .001), and perineural invasion (P = .001) remained statistically significant independent prognosticators of worse 5-year OS. CONCLUSIONS: Older age, WPOI-5, and perineural invasion are significant prognosticators of worse OS. WPOI is associated with DOI, a finding which may have important implications for the pathogenesis and biologic behavior of the disease.

3.
Laryngoscope ; 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32413165

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe pain experience and opioid use after major head and neck reconstructive surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Patients undergoing major head and neck surgery with microvascular free tissue transfer (free flaps) at a tertiary academic center were included. Pain scores (0-10) and demographic and clinical data were ascertained from medical records. Discharge opioid prescriptions and refills obtained within 30 days were recorded. Patient characteristics were compared with pain scores using nonparametric rank-sum tests and with likelihood of refill using logistic regression models to calculate adjusted odds ratios (aORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: The study population comprised 445 patients. Median age was 60 years (interquartile range 50-68). Most patients had cancer (N = 350, 78%). The majority of free flaps were fibula (N = 153, 34%) or radial forearm (N = 159, 36%). Older patients reported significantly lower pain scores, whereas patients with opioid tolerance, anxiety, current smokers, and those undergoing larger volume resections or boney free flaps reported significantly higher pain scores. One-quarter (N = 115, 26%) of patients obtained opioid refills. Patients aged ≥ 60 years had one-half the odds of obtaining a refill compared with patients aged < 60 years (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 0.52, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.33-0.84), whereas surgical defect volume ≥ 100 cm3 (aOR = 1.92, 95% CI = 1.21-3.07) and higher pain score (aOR = 1.19, 95% CI = 1.07-1.32 per 1 point increase) increased the odds of refill. CONCLUSION: Continued opioid use after discharge is common among patients undergoing major head and neck reconstruction, particularly for younger patients and after more extensive surgery. Older patients reported lower pain intensity and were less likely to obtain opioid refills, highlighting the wisdom of judicious opioid use for this vulnerable population. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV Laryngoscope, 2020.

4.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 162(5): 666-673, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32178578

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Although granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA; Wegener's granulomatosis) is classically characterized by systemic disease involving the kidneys and airway, approximately 10% of patients who have it present with isolated central nervous system disease. When involving the skull base, GPA frequently mimics more common pathology, resulting in diagnostic challenges and delay. The primary objective of this study is to characterize the cranial base manifestations of GPA, highlighting aspects most relevant to the skull base surgeon. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: Tertiary academic referral center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all patients with skull base GPA treated at a tertiary referral center from January 1, 1996, to May 1, 2018. RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients met inclusion criteria. Twenty-one (72%) initially presented with skull base symptomatology as their cardinal manifestation of GPA. Twenty-four (82%) presented with cranial neuropathy at some point in their disease course. The trigeminal nerve was most commonly involved (12 of 24, 50%), followed by the facial (11 of 24, 46%) and optic (8 of 24, 33%) nerves. Eighteen patients reported hearing loss attributed to the GPA disease process, presenting as conductive, sensorineural, or mixed. The most common locations for GPA-derived inflammatory skull base disease on imaging included the cavernous sinus (12 of 29, 41%) and the orbit (7 of 29, 24%). CONCLUSION: Establishing the diagnosis of skull base GPA remains challenging. Cranial neuropathy is diverse in presentation and often mimics more common conditions. Imaging findings are also unpredictable and frequently nonspecific. Careful review of patient history, clinical presentation, serology and biopsy results, and imaging can reveal important clues toward the diagnosis.

5.
Otol Neurotol ; 41(6): 813-847, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32150020

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The incidence of sporadic vestibular schwannoma (VS) has increased significantly over recent decades. The rising incidence of VS has been largely attributed to the increasing use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), especially with regard to incidentally diagnosed tumors. However, no study to date has directly investigated this supposed etiology beyond the observation that VS incidence rates have risen in the post-MRI era. Therefore, the primary objective of the current study was to characterize the incidence of head MRIs over the previous two decades in Olmsted County, Minnesota and compare this trend to the incidence of asymptomatic, incidentally diagnosed VS over the same time period. STUDY DESIGN: Population-based incidence study. SETTING/PATIENTS: Using the unique resources of the Rochester Epidemiology Project, procedure codes for head MRIs and diagnostic codes for VS among residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota between Jan 1, 1995 and Dec 31, 2016 were retrieved. Incidence rates of head MRI and incidentally diagnosed VS were calculated on a per-year basis. RESULTS: A total of 43,561 head MRIs among 30,002 distinct persons were identified from 1995 to 2016. The incidence of head MRI significantly increased between 1995 and 2003 (p < 0.001), but remained stable between 2004 and 2016 (p = 0.14). Over the same time interval, 25 cases of incidentally diagnosed VS were identified. The incidence of asymptomatic VS increased over time from 0.72 per 100,000 person-years between 1995 and 1999 to 1.29 between 2012 and 2016 (p = 0.058). No plateauing of incidence rates was observed in incidental tumors over the study period. The size of incidentally diagnosed tumors did not change over the study period (p = 0.93), suggesting that the increasing incidence of asymptomatic tumors is not explained by improved diagnostic capability of more recent MRI studies. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the plateauing of head MRI incidence rates after 2004, the incidence of asymptotic, incidentally diagnosed VS continued to increase. Our findings suggest that there may be additional contributory etiologies for the rising incidence of VS beyond greater detection alone.

6.
Otol Neurotol ; 41(4): 489-493, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176136

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Several reports have suggested that the incidence of otosclerosis is declining. However, due to the limitations of epidemiologic databases within the United States, little is known about the incidence of congenital stapes footplate fixation (CSFF), much less epidemiological trends over the past 50 years. The current study was conceived to characterize the epidemiology of CSFF over the past five decades using the unique resources of the Rochester Epidemiology Project (REP). STUDY DESIGN: Population-based study. PATIENTS: The medical records of every resident of Olmsted County, Minnesota who was diagnosed with CSFF was reviewed from January 1, 1970 to December 12, 2017 using the REP. The population of Olmsted County on January 1, 2017 was 159,689 persons. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Incidence of CSFF. RESULTS: Sixteen cases of CSFF were identified at a median age at diagnosis of 8 years (IQR, 6-17), eight of whom confirmed by exploratory tympanotomy. Three of the 16 (19%) cases were bilateral, and the median pure-tone average (500, 1k, 2k, 3k Hz) at time of diagnosis was 37 dB (IQR, 31-48). Two (13%) cases were identified in patients bearing a syndromic condition and one (6%) case demonstrated a malformed external ear on physical examination. The incidence rate of surgically confirmed cases among residents of Olmsted County was 0.31 per 100,000 person-years from 1970 to 1979 and 0.28 from 2000 to 2009. No incident cases among residents of Olmsted County were identified since 2010. CONCLUSIONS: CSFF constitutes a rare disease. Unlike epidemiological trends in otosclerosis, the incidence of surgically confirmed cases of CSFF remained stable over the past 50 years.

7.
Otol Neurotol ; 41(4): e501-e506, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176143

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Closely paralleling previous radiologic studies, recent population-based prevalence data suggest sporadic vestibular schwannoma (VS) affects over one in 2,000 adults and up to one in 500 in those aged 70 years or older. Attributable to increased utilization of magnetic resonance imaging and screening protocols for asymmetrical sensorineural hearing loss, the increasing detection rate of sporadic VS fundamentally changes the perception of VS as a whole. The primary objective of the current study was to contextualize modern epidemiological trends in neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) in light of these recent advancements in the understanding of sporadic VS. STUDY DESIGN: Population-based study. SETTING: Olmsted County, Minnesota. Population size on January 1, 2017: 159,689 people. PATIENTS: All patients with NF2 diagnosed between Jan 1, 1966 and Dec 31, 2016, identified using the Rochester Epidemiology Project. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Incidence, prevalence. RESULTS: Six incident cases were identified over the past 50 years. From 1966 to 2016, the age- and sex-adjusted incidence rate was 0.10 per 100,000 person-years. The incidence rate remained at 0.12 over the most recent decade. Five cases met disease prevalence criteria, and the age- and sex-adjusted prevalence of NF2 on Jan 1, 2017 was 3.1 per 100,000 persons. All prevalent cases were women, and the resultant prevalence among women only was 6.0 per 100,000 persons. CONCLUSIONS: The modern age- and sex-adjusted incidence rate and prevalence of NF2 is 0.10 per 100,000 person-years and 3.1 per 100,000 persons, respectively. In contrast to trends in incidence rates of sporadic VS over the last half-century, this study demonstrates that the incidence of NF2 has remained relatively stable since 1966. This divergence in epidemiological trends is likely attributed to the nature of NF2, with early clinical manifestations resulting in diagnosis regardless of modern advances, whereas the increased incidence of sporadic VS is heavily influenced by improved detection in a greater population of patients with minimally symptomatic or asymptomatic tumors.

8.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 162(4): 530-537, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31986971

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the relationship among vestibular schwannoma (VS) tumor volume, growth, and hearing loss. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Single tertiary center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Adults with observed VS and serviceable hearing at diagnosis were included. The primary outcome was the development of nonserviceable hearing as estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Associations of tumor volume with baseline hearing were assessed using Spearman rank correlation coefficients. Associations of volume and growth with the development of nonserviceable hearing over time were assessed using Cox proportional hazards models and summarized with hazard ratios (HRs). RESULTS: Of 230 patients with VS and serviceable hearing at diagnosis, 213 had serial volumetric tumor data for analysis. Larger tumor volume at diagnosis was associated with increased pure-tone average (PTA) (P < .001) and decreased word recognition score (WRS) (P = .014). Estimated rates of maintaining serviceable hearing at 6 and 10 years following diagnosis were 67% and 49%, respectively. Larger initial tumor volume was associated with development of nonserviceable hearing in a univariable setting (HR for 1-cm3 increase: 1.36, P = .040) but not after adjusting for PTA and WRS. Tumor growth was not significantly associated with time to nonserviceable hearing (HR, 1.57; P = .14), although estimated rates of maintaining serviceable hearing during observation were poorer in the group that experienced growth. CONCLUSION: Larger initial VS tumor volume was associated with poorer hearing at baseline. Larger initial tumor volume was also associated with the development of nonserviceable hearing during observation in a univariable setting; however, this association was not statistically significant after adjusting for baseline hearing status.


Assuntos
Perda Auditiva/etiologia , Neuroma Acústico/complicações , Neuroma Acústico/patologia , Carga Tumoral , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Otol Neurotol ; 41(2): 258-264, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31789811

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The majority of research influencing our understanding of vestibular schwannoma (VS) comes from large tertiary referral centers, and as a consequence, is inherently prone to referral bias. The objective of the current study was to characterize tertiary referral center bias in VS research. STUDY DESIGN: Single-institution retrospective clinical, audiometric, and radiologic review. SETTING: One tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: One hundred twenty-three patients with sporadic VS treated at our institution, consisting of a local cohort of all 41 VS patients residing in the same US county as our medical center and a referral cohort of 82 patients from outside counties matched 2:1 based on age, sex, and year of diagnosis. INTERVENTION: Surgical resection, stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), observation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical manifestations, audiometric and radiologic findings, elected treatment modality. RESULTS: Local patients had significantly longer follow-up after initial presentation compared to referral patients (median 4.0 vs 2.2 yr; p = 0.007). Referral patients were significantly less likely to have an incidental VS diagnosis (1% vs. 29%; p < 0.001) and presented with worse symptomatology such as hearing loss (80% vs. 54%; p = 0.002), dizziness (72% vs. 44%; p = 0.002), headache (29% vs. 15%; p = 0.075), and other cranial nerve dysfunction (11% vs. 0%; p = 0.029). Audiometrically, referral patients had significantly poorer word recognition scores at presentation (median 70% vs. 90%; p = 0.043). Local patients were more likely to have tumors confined to the IAC compared with referral patients, and had significantly smaller tumors when restricted to this region (median 4.0 vs 6.5 mm; p = 0.005). Referral patients were significantly more likely to undergo definitive management with either radiosurgery or microsurgery following primary evaluation compared to local patients (48% vs. 24%; p = 0.013). CONCLUSION: These data suggest that the majority of existing literature surrounding VS likely suffers from referral bias, whereby disease characteristics and management decisions are distinct from that of the general VS patient population.

10.
Laryngoscope ; 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31841234

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a recently recognized disease characterized by fibroinflammatory infiltrates rich in IgG4+ plasma cells that can present as isolated tumor-like lesions of the head and neck. The objective of the current study was to describe the cranial base manifestations of IgG4-RD. METHODS: Review of all cases at three tertiary-referral centers since disease description in 2003. RESULTS: Eleven patients were identified at a median age at presentation of 58 years (IQR, 38-65; 55% male). Ten (91%) patients had isolated skull base masses without systemic disease. Cranial neuropathies were commonly observed in the abducens (45%), trigeminal (18%), and facial nerves (18%). Lesions frequently involved the cavernous sinus (55%; 6/11) with extension to the petroclival junction in 50% (3/6). Infiltration of the internal auditory canal was present in 27% (3/11) with one case demonstrating erosion of the bony labyrinth. Preliminary clinical diagnoses commonly included nasopharyngeal cancer, pituitary macroadenoma, cholesteatoma, and meningioma / multiple meningioma syndrome. Local biopsy demonstrated >30 IgG4-positive plasma cells per high-powered field or an IgG4:IgG ratio greater than 40% in all cases. Rapid and durable clinical improvement was seen in 91% following corticosteroid and rituximab therapy. CONCLUSIONS: IgG4-RD nonspecifically presents as a rare cause of the skull base mass. Often presenting without concomitant systemic disease, local diagnostic biopsies are required. Obtaining adequate tissue specimen is complicated by densely fibrotic cranial base lesions that are frequently in close proximity to critical neurovascular structures. Primary medical therapy with corticosteroids and rituximab is effective in most patients. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4 Laryngoscope, 2019.

11.
Otol Neurotol ; 40(9): 1224-1229, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31469794

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Previous research has shown that tumor growth during observation of small-to-medium sized sporadic vestibular schwannomas (VSs) occurs almost exclusively within 3 to 5 years following diagnosis. This has led some to consider ending surveillance after this interval. This study seeks to characterize a cohort of patients with tumors that exhibited late growth. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Adults with sporadic VSs who initially elected observation with serial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) surveillance. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Linear tumor growth was measured in accordance with AAO-HNS reporting guidelines. Delayed growth was defined as growth ≥2 mm in linear diameter that was first detected 5 years or more from the initial MRI. RESULTS: From a total of 361 patients, 172 experienced tumor growth during the interval of observation. Fourteen of these 172 patients (8.1%) experienced late growth occurring at 5 years or beyond. Among patients with delayed growth, the fastest growth rate after extended quiescence was 1.33 mm/yr, and the longest delay before tumor growth detection was 11.1 years. Additional treatment was recommended for six (42.9%) of the patients with delayed growth. Of 68 tumors that remained in the IAC, 11 (16.2%) demonstrated delayed growth. Of 66 tumors that presented in the CPA, 2 (3.0%) demonstrated delayed growth. Initial size was larger for tumors demonstrating early growth compared with those with delayed growth. For tumors within the IAC, those with early growth had a significantly higher median growth rate than those with delayed growth (1.40 vs. 0.45 mm/yr, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Delayed growth encompassed 8.1% of growing VSs and 3.9% of all observed tumors. Patients with delayed growth exhibited slower growth rates compared with those who were diagnosed with growth early in their observation course. These findings support the need for lifelong surveillance of untreated VSs given the possibility of clinically significant delayed growth. Increasing the time interval between MRI studies after 5 years is a reasonable concession to balance practicalities of cost and convenience with risk of delayed of tumor growth.

14.
Neurosurgery ; 85(4): E693-E701, 2019 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30828728

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare, non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis. Up to 50% of patients develop central nervous system involvement, and a subset of these patients can present with isolated tumor-like masses. OBJECTIVE: To describe the skull base manifestations of ECD with an emphasis on aspects most pertinent to surgeons who may be referred such patients for primary evaluation. METHODS: Scopus, Web of Science, and PubMed were searched from database inception to May 1, 2018 for articles reporting skull base ECD. An institutional retrospective analysis of all patients treated at the authors' institution since January 1, 1996 was also performed to supplement these data. RESULTS: Of 465 retrieved articles, 18 studies totaling 20 patients met inclusion criteria. Institutional review identified an additional 7 patients. Collectively, the median age at diagnosis was 49 yr (interquartile range, 42-58) with a 4:1 male-to-female ratio. Patients frequently presented with diplopia (48%), headache (30%), dysarthria (22%), and vertigo or imbalance (22%), though trigeminal hypesthesia (11%), facial nerve paresis (7%), hearing loss (7%), and trigeminal neuralgia (7%) were also observed. ECD commonly mimicked meningioma (33%), trigeminal schwannoma (8%), neurosarcoidosis (8%), and skull base lymphoma (8%). CONCLUSION: Discrete skull base lesions frequently mimic more common pathology such as meningioma or cranial nerve schwannomas. Medical therapy comprises the initial treatment for symptomatic skull base disease. Surgical resection is not curative and the utility of surgical intervention is largely limited to biopsy to establish diagnosis and/or surgical debulking to relieve mass effect.


Assuntos
Doença de Erdheim-Chester/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença de Erdheim-Chester/terapia , Base do Crânio/diagnóstico por imagem , Corticosteroides/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiocirurgia/métodos , Radiocirurgia/tendências , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 160(6): 1081-1086, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30717626

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Conflicting research exists surrounding the utility of aspirin to prevent tumor growth in the medical management of vestibular schwannoma (VS). Recent studies demonstrated no association between aspirin and VS growth using linear tumor measurements. Given the heightened sensitivity of volumetric analyses to monitor tumor growth, the current study was conceived with the chief objective of assessing the association between aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use and VS growth using volumetric analyses. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 361 patients totaling 1601 volumetrically analyzed magnetic resonance imaging studies who underwent initial observation since January 1, 2003. RESULTS: In total, 123 (35%) patients took 81 mg aspirin daily, 23 (7%) took 325 mg aspirin daily, and 41 (11%) reported other NSAID use. Among those taking aspirin, 112 (72%) exhibited volumetric tumor growth during observation compared to 33 (80%) among other NSAID users and 137 (67%) among nonaspirin users. Patients taking aspirin or other NSAIDs were significantly older at time of diagnosis (median, 66 vs 56 years; P < .001). Neither aspirin use (hazard ratio [HR], 0.96; P = .73) nor other NSAID use (HR, 1.39; P = .081) was significantly associated with a reduced risk of volumetric tumor growth. These results were similar following age adjustment ( P = .81 and .087, respectively). When separating aspirin users by 81-mg or 325-mg dosing, neither group exhibited a reduced risk of growth ( P = .95 and .73, respectively). CONCLUSION: Despite promising initial results, the preponderance of existing literature suggests that aspirin and other NSAID use does not prevent tumor growth in VS.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Neuroma Acústico/patologia , Carga Tumoral , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neuroma Acústico/diagnóstico por imagem , Neuroma Acústico/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Otol Neurotol ; 40(3): 384-390, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30688755

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Reported epidemiologic data surrounding vestibular schwannoma (VS) are controversial. Temporal bone prevalence studies have suggested that VS affects up to 2.4% of the population, whereas magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies have reported VS to affect 0.017%. Moreover, existing population-based data seem to underestimate the commonness of VS. In an attempt to reconcile temporal bone, radiologic, and population-based reports regarding VS, the current study was conceived to determine the modern prevalence of VS using a unique epidemiological database. PATIENTS: All persons living in Olmsted County, Minnesota on January 1, 2017 with a confirmed diagnosis of sporadic VS identified using the Rochester Epidemiology Project (REP) medical records-linkage system. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence of all VS and asymptomatic, incidentally diagnosed VS. RESULTS: Sixty-seven persons from a population of nearly 160,000 were living with VS on January 1, 2017, resulting in a point prevalence of 42.0 per 100,000 persons. The prevalence increased with older age, reaching 212.4 per 100,000 in those ≥ 70 years. Including only persons who have undergone head MRI, the prevalence of asymptomatic, incidentally diagnosed VS was 69.9 per 100,000 among adults age 20 years and older. CONCLUSIONS: Using the unique infrastructure of the REP, the current study suggests that the clinical prevalence of sporadic VS approximates 1 in 2,000 adults and 1 in every 500 persons aged 70 years and older, with the prevalence of incidentally diagnosed tumors closely paralleling past MRI studies. These data characterize a shift in the modern patient demographic of sporadic VS, as now many people bearing a diagnosis of VS would have previously died without knowledge of their disease. Moreover, they typify an unfolding transition from an era of microsurgery and radiosurgery to the beginnings of an era that will be largely comprised of "chronic disease management."


Assuntos
Neuroma Acústico/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Minnesota/epidemiologia , Prevalência
17.
Head Neck ; 41(5): 1335-1341, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30536472

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Past research established that surgery plus adjuvant radiotherapy (S + AR) improves overall survival (OS) in esthesioneuroblastoma (ENB). However, it is unknown if the addition of adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) further improves survival. The primary objective of this study was to compare survival among patients treated with S + AR alone to patients who underwent S + AR + AC. METHODS: Retrospective review of patient records. RESULTS: Thirty-eight patients met inclusion criteria for either S + AR or S + AR + AC treatment groups. The S + AR + AC group contained more patients with Kadish stage D disease, dural invasion, and positive histologic margins postsurgery. All S + AR + AC patients received platinum-based regimens, combined with etoposide in 67%. OS and recurrence-free survival did not differ between the two groups, even when restricting the analysis to patients with Kadish stages B and C disease. CONCLUSION: Patients who received platinum-based AC did not exhibit improved survival compared to S + AR alone. Further investigation, preferably prospective, into the optimal use of systemic therapy in ENB is warranted.

18.
J Neurol Surg B Skull Base ; 79(5): 495-500, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30210978

RESUMO

Objectives Neck metastases in patients with esthesioneuroblastoma (ENB) constitute the most significant predictor of poor long-term survival. Recently, researchers discovered the existence of dural lymphatic channels that drain to the cervical lymph nodes. From this physiologic basis, we hypothesized that patients with ENB who develop dural invasion (DI) would exhibit a proclivity for neck metastases. Design Retrospective review. Setting Tertiary referral center. Participants All patients treated for ENB from January 1, 1994 to December 31, 2015. Main Outcome Measures Incidence, laterality, and recurrence rate of neck metastases by DI status. Results Sixty-one patients were identified (38% female; median age 49, range, 10-80), 34 (56%) of whom had DI and 27 (44%) did not. Of patients with DI, 50% presented with or developed neck disease following treatment compared with just 22% of those without DI ( p = 0.026). Bilateral neck disease was more common in patients with DI (11/34, 32%) compared with those without (2/27, 7%) ( p = 0.018). Five-year regional recurrence-free survival rates were 88% for those without and 64% for those with DI ( p = 0.022). Kadish C patients with DI were more likely to develop regional recurrence when compared with Kadish C without DI and Kadish A/B ( p = 0.083). Further, Kadish C patients with DI displayed worse overall survival than Kadish C without DI and Kadish A/B. Kadish D patients displayed the worst overall survival. The difference in overall survival among these four groups was significant ( p < 0.001). Conclusion DI by ENB is associated with increased incidence of cervical nodal metastases, bilateral neck disease, worse regional recurrence-free survival, and poorer overall survival. These data support the division of Kadish C by DI status.

19.
Otol Neurotol ; 39(8): e712-e721, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30001283

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To date, less than 150 cases of middle ear adenomatous neuroendocrine tumors (MEANTs) have been reported in the English literature. The objective of this study was to provide a contemporary analysis of these rare lesions and develop a consensus-driven staging system. STUDY DESIGN: Multi-institutional retrospective histopathologic, radiologic, and clinical review. SETTING: Six tertiary referral centers. PATIENTS: Thirty-two patients with pathologically confirmed MEANT. INTERVENTION: Surgical resection, adjuvant therapy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical manifestations, outcomes, staging system. RESULTS: Patients commonly presented with progressive conductive or mixed hearing loss (90%), aural fullness (50%), and tonal tinnitus (46%). Pulsatile tinnitus (16%), carcinoid syndrome (4%), and facial nerve paresis (4%) were less commonly observed. MEANTs frequently mimicked temporal bone paraganglioma (31%) and cholesteatoma (15%) at presentation. According to a novel T/N/M/S staging system (S = secretory tumor) proposed herein, there were 6 (19%) T1, 19 (59%) T2, and 7 (22%) T3 MEANTs. T3 tumors were significantly more likely to undergo subtotal or near total resection compared with lower staged tumors secondary to adherence to critical neurovascular structures such as the petrous internal carotid artery and facial nerve (p = 0.027). Patients with T3 MEANTs were more likely to experience multiple recurrences, require adjuvant therapy with a somatostatin analogue, or develop permanent facial nerve paresis compared with lower staged tumors. At last follow up, no patients with T1 MEANTs had developed recurrence, whereas 37% (7/19) of patients with T2 MEANT and 57% (4/7) of patients with T3 MEANT experienced either disease recurrence after gross total resection (GTR) or regrowth of known residual tumor requiring additional surgery at a median duration of 72 months (95% CI, 24-84). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with MEANTs can present with nonspecific symptomatology that overlaps with more commonly encountered middle ear lesions. MEANT exhibits a proclivity for recurrence according to T-stage and long-term clinical follow up is necessary, particularly for advanced stage tumors.


Assuntos
Adenoma/patologia , Neoplasias da Orelha/patologia , Orelha Média/patologia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasia Residual/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
20.
Otol Neurotol ; 39(9): 1191-1194, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29912836

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence of intralabyrinthine schwannoma (ILS) utilizing the Rochester Epidemiology Project (REP), a unique medical consortium in the United States that covers a complete population of all ages in a well-defined geographic area over the past half-century. PATIENTS: All patients with ILS diagnosed between January 1, 1966 and December 31, 2016 in Olmsted County, Minnesota, identified using the REP medical records-linkage system. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Incidence of ILS. RESULTS: Fourteen incident cases of ILS were identified in Olmsted County since 1966-a period spanning 5.9 million person-years. Over the past decade, the incidence rate of ILS was 0.81 per 100,000 person-years and 1.1 over the last 5 years. Since 1966, the cumulative incidence rate of ILS over the past 50 years was 0.26 per 100,000 person-years. The median age at diagnosis was 60 years (interquartile ranges, 39-70). Incidence increased with age: over the last 5 years, those aged 60 to 69 exhibited an incidence rate of 2.7 per 100,000 person-years and those 70+ displayed a rate of 4.1. All patients had varying levels of asymmetrical sensorineural hearing loss with 64% of patients presenting with class D hearing. Four (29%) patients had a history of sudden sensorineural hearing loss, five (36%) reported imbalance and/or vertigo, and four (29%) reported aural fullness. Three of the 14 (21%) patients had neurofibromatosis type 2. CONCLUSION: The incidence of ILS exceeds 1 per 100,000 person-years with modern diagnostic imaging. The rising incidence of ILS in recent years most likely reflects improved capacity for disease detection rather than a true increase in tumor development. Given the reputability of the REP consortium, these data suggest that ILS comprises a more common entity than previously considered.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Orelha/epidemiologia , Doenças do Labirinto/epidemiologia , Neurilemoma/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Minnesota
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