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1.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 309, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692777

RESUMO

Introduction: Adherence to insulin therapy is a critical factor for adequate control of diabetes mellitus. Despite the multiple well-known benefits of adherence to insulin therapy, poor adherence remains to be a common cause of diabetes mellitus-related complications. A better management of diabetes mellitus requires determining the level of patient adherence and identifying why non-adherence to insulin therapy occurs. Therefore, this study was designed to assess the level of adherence to insulin therapy and associated factors among diabetes mellitus patients. Methods: The study was conducted from May 1 to July 1, 2018, using a cross-sectional study design. Interviewer-administered questionnaire was employed for data collection and systematic random sampling technique was used to select study participants. The collected data were entered using Epi data version 3.1.1 and exported to SPSS version 22 for analysis. Logistic analysis was carried out to check the level of association between adherence to insulin therapy and the independent variables with significance level of 0.05 at 95% confidence interval. Results: 273 respondents were selected with a 100% response rate. Near to one-fourth (24.2%) of the respondents were adherent to their insulin therapy. The study revealed that good knowledge of diabetes mellitus [AOR=6.51; 95% CI [1.58, 26.71], age [>30 years] [AOR=2.63; 95% CI [1.27, 5.42], knowledge regarding insulin self-injection [AOR=4.21; 95%CI [1.06,16.65], favorable attitude towards insulin injection [AOR=2.14; 95% CI [1.04,4.41], free-of-cost insulin therapy [AOR= 4.62, 95% CI [1.06,16.65], having of glucometer at home [AOR= 2.82, 95% CI [1.12,7.09], and being a member of Ethiopian diabetic association [AOR= 5.41, 95% CI [2.31,12.64] were found to significantly affect adherence to insulin therapy. Conclusion: Nearly one-fourth of the study participants were adherent to their insulin therapy. Good knowledge and favorable attitude towards insulin injection, good knowledge regarding diabetes mellitus, being a member of the Ethiopian Diabetes Association, age greater than thirty years old, free-of-cost insulin therapy and having glucometer at home were found to be significant predictors of adherence to insulin therapy.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Hipoglicemiantes/administração & dosagem , Insulina/administração & dosagem , Adesão à Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Hospitais Públicos , Humanos , Injeções , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autoadministração , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
2.
Pan Afr Med J ; 34: 1, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31762870

RESUMO

Introduction: Early sexual debut is common among young people and it has several sexual and reproductive health consequences. But, its burden and the associated factors leading to this behavior haven't received due attention. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and associated factors of sexual debut in the preparatory and high school students of Aksum town. Methods: A school-based quantitative cross-sectional study design was used for this research work. A total of 519 preparatory and high school regular students participated in the survey. The sample population was obtained by using a simple random sampling technique from each schooling proportion with their number of students. Data, that were collected using self administered questionnaires, were entered into EpiData 3.02 and analyzed in SPSS 22.0. Results were presented using frequencies, tables and graphs. Statistical significance was declared at a P-value <0.05. Results: Of the total participants, 266 (51.3%) were males. The age of the participants ranged from 13 to 23 years with a mean age of 16.3 ± 1.47 years. Of the total participants, 137(26.2%) had sexual experience, among which 119 (87.5%) had an early sexual debut at an average age of 13.7 + 1.4 years. Factors that were found to be significantly associated with an early sexual debut were gender (AOR=3.41; 95% CI: 1.54, 6.99), residence (AOR=0.44; 95% CI: 0.27, 0.81), alcohol drinking (AOR=5.5; 95% CI: 2.2, 14.8), cigarette smoking (AOR=3.3; 95% CI: 2.3, 7.5), exposure to pornography, such as reading/seeing pornographic materials (AOR=7.4; 95% CI: 4.4, 11.78), living arrangement for educational purpose (AOR= 0.43; 95% CI: 0.13, 0.89), grade (AOR=0.38; 95% CI: 0.06, 0.68) and monthly living allowance (AOR=0.419; 95% CI: 0.2, 0.9). Conclusion: A significant number of students reported early sexual debut. Gender, place of residence, alcohol drinking, cigarette smoking, exposure to pornography, grade and living arrangement for educational purpose and monthly living allowance were significant predictors of an early sexual debut.


Assuntos
Literatura Erótica , Comportamento Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Fumar Cigarros/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
3.
Afr Health Sci ; 19(2): 1930-1937, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31656476

RESUMO

Background: Stillbirth is a death before the complete expulsion or extraction from the mother. The burden is severe and high in developing countries. Risk factors for stillbirth are not yet studied in Ethiopia. Objective: To identify risk factors of stillbirth among mothers delivered in public hospitals of Central Zone Tigray, Ethiopia. Methods: A case-control study design was used. Data collection period was from January to April 2018. Study subjects 63 cases and 252 controls were selected using systematic random sampling technique from respective hospitals. The interviewer-administered questionnaire, observational, and chart analysis were used to collect the data. A binary logistic regression model was employed. Results were presented at significance level P-value <0.05. Results: Maternal hypertension [AOR=12.83; 95% CI 3.38, 48.83], low birth weight [AOR=5.6; 95% CI 2.39, 13.38], pre-term [AOR=2.6;95%CI 1.12,6.16], alcohol intake [AOR=7.56; 95% CI 1.68, 34.04], polyhydramnios [AOR=13.43; 95% CI 3.63, 49.67], and meconium stained amniotic fluid [AOR=7.88; 95% CI 1.73, 8.18] were risk factors of stillbirth. Conclusion: The risk of stillbirth is increased with increasing maternal complication like maternal hypertension, alcohol consumption, polyhydramnios, and meconium-stained amniotic fluid. The occurrence of preterm and low birth weight of the fetus had an effect on the risk of stillbirth.


Assuntos
Hospitais Públicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Natimorto/epidemiologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Mães , Poli-Hidrâmnios/epidemiologia , Pré-Eclâmpsia/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/etiologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
BMC Res Notes ; 12(1): 698, 2019 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655614

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: As adolescence is a stage in which human beings face once throughout a lifetime and it is the experimental period for this reason risky sexual behavior is common among young people, and it has several sexual and reproductive health consequences. But it doesn't get enough attention the status of risky sexual behavior practice and factors' contributing to it, so this study aimed to identify the prevalence of risky sexual behavior and factors associated with it. RESULTS: From the total respondents 115 (23.7%) had history of sexual intercourse and the mean age for sexual initiation is 15.48 ± 1.99 year. From whom 110 (98.2%) had sexual contact below the age of 18 and only 68 (60.8%) initiate first sex by their own willing. Overall 97 (19.6%) had practiced risky sexual behaviors. Students not facing peer pressure were 0.36 times less likely to develop risk sexual behavior (AOR = 0.357, 95% CI 0.172, 0.744).

5.
BMC Res Notes ; 12(1): 612, 2019 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547843

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate documentation practice and factors affecting documentation practice among nurses working in public hospital of Tigray region, Ethiopia. RESULTS: In this study, there were 317 participants with 99.7% response rate. The result of this study shows that practice nursing care documentation was inadequate (47.8%). Inadequacy of documenting sheets AOR = 3.271, 95% CI (1.125, 23.704), inadequacy of time AOR = 2.205, 95% CI (1.101, 3.413) and with operational standard of nursing documentation AOR = 2.015, 95% CI (1.205, 3.70) were significantly associated with practice of nursing care documentation. To conclude, more than half of nurses were not documented their nursing care. Employing institutions should provide training on documentation of nursing care to enhance knowledge and create awareness on nurses' documentation to nursing directors and chief executive officer to access adequate documenting supplies besides employing more nurses.

6.
BMC Res Notes ; 12(1): 627, 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31551075

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: As reports indicated about 1 in 3 of women worldwide have experienced physical violence but there is no enough reports on the current status of the act in Aksum town so this study intended to identify the prevalence and factors associated with physical violence of reproductive age married women in Aksum town Tigray Ethiopia. RESULT: A total of 398 women were enrolled in the study and making a response rate of 100%. 112 (28.1%) women had physical violence in their lifetime. Educational level of women (AOR = 2.2; 95% CI 1.28, 6.7), Occupation of women's (AOR = 3.8; 95% CI 2.32, 12.8), age of husband (AOR = 5.2; 95% CI 2.3, 11.5), husbands having other wife (AOR = 7.8; 95% CI 4.2, 18.9) and husbands having alcohol habits (AOR = 3.8; 95% CI 1.74, 14.7) had significant association with physical violence.

7.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 100, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489078

RESUMO

Introduction: Hypertension, among diabetic patients, is a worldwide public-health challenge and a leading modifiable risk factor for other cardiovascular diseases. The main purpose of this study was to identify determinants of hypertension among diabetic patients. Methods: Data were collected from January to March 2018 using an interviewer-administered structured questionnaire. Data collectors and supervisors were trained before the period of data collection. The questionnaire was pretested on 5% of the sample at Suhul hospital. Bivariable logistic regression was employed to examine the crude associations between the outcome variable and determinant variables. This was followed by multivariable analysis to examine the determinants of hypertension among diabetic patients by selecting variables which had p value ≤0.2 in the bivariable analysis. Results: The age range of the respondents was 18-80 years, with the median age of 51.56±14.92 years. Not attending diabetes mellitus education sessions (AOR=2.61, 95% CI (1.12,6.1), duration since diagnosis with diabetes (AOR=8.52; 95% CI (1.97, 36.84), poor glycemic control (AOR=22.99, 95CI (5.92,89.28), overweight (AOR=4.84, 95%CI (1.42,16.51), and non-adherence to diabetes medication (AOR=4.66, 95% CI (2.22,9.79), diet (AOR=9.70,95% CI (3.34,28.22), exercise (AOR= 5.47, 95% CI (2.35,12.75), and self-monitoring blood glucose (AOR=6.62, 95% CI (3.16, 13.86) were found to be the determinants of hypertension among diabetic patients. Conclusion: This research concludes that longer duration with diabetes, nonattendance of diabetes education sessions, poor glycemic control, and not-adherence to antidiabetic medications, diet, exercise and self-monitoring blood glucose were found to be the determinants of hypertension among diabetic patients.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipoglicemiantes/administração & dosagem , Adesão à Medicação , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Glicemia/análise , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hospitais Públicos , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
8.
BMC Res Notes ; 12(1): 562, 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31500655

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of chronic kidney disease and to identify associated factors of chronic kidney disease among hypertensive patients. A cross-sectional study was conducted among selected 578 hypertensive patients. Data were collected using face to face interviewing questionnaires and from medical chart review. Binary logistic regression analyses were performed and analyzed using SPSS version 23.0. RESULT: Of the total 578 hypertensive patients the prevalence of chronic kidney disease was found to be 128 (22.1%). Of these hypertensive patients, patients with uncontrolled blood pressure, overweight/obesity, dyslipidemia and diabetic mellitus, 43.3%, 33.7%, 27.3% and 28.2 respectively. After adjustment, the independent variables the significant associated factors of chronic kidney disease among hypertensive patients were age [AOR (95% CI 1.43 (1.07-1.81)], uncontrolled hypertension 4.434 [AOR (95% CI 9.45 (1.34, 14.73)], overweight/obese [AOR (95% CI 7.422 (2.72, 20.28)], dyslipidemia [AOR (95% CI) 13.749 (5.69, 33.215)], diabetic mellitus [AOR (95% CI) 2.137 (1.07, 4.26)]. In conclusion, the prevalence of chronic kidney disease was considerably high. The major associated factors of chronic kidney disease were age, uncontrolled hypertension, overweight/obese, diabetic mellitus and dyslipidemia.

9.
BMC Res Notes ; 12(1): 427, 2019 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315651

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the immediate newborn care of knowledge, practice and associated factors among healthcare providers in Northwestern Zonal health facilities Tigray, Ethiopia, 2018. RESULTS: Among the total healthcare providers, who participated in this study, 64.8% had good knowledge and 59.8% of the respondents had a good level of essential newborn care practice. Unavailability of adequate materials (like guidelines, drug, etc.) and training status were significant variables with knowledge and practice of newborn care.


Assuntos
Instalações de Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde do Lactente/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Coleta de Dados/métodos , Coleta de Dados/estatística & dados numéricos , Etiópia , Feminino , Humanos , Saúde do Lactente/normas , Recém-Nascido , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
10.
BMC Res Notes ; 11(1): 576, 2018 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30103796

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify determinants of hypothermia in neonates in neonatal intensive care unit of public hospitals of Central Zone Tigray, Ethiopia in 2017. RESULTS: A total of 88 cases and 176 controls were included in this study. Ninety-one percent cases and 86.4% controls were in the 1st week of neonate age. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that delayed initiation of breastfeeding [AOR = 7.23; 95% CI (2.75, 18.99)], low birth weight [AOR = 8.51; 95% CI (2.71, 26.73)], preterm [AOR = 3.689; 95% CI (1.359, 10.012)], low APGAR score at 5th min [AOR = 3.71; 95% CI (1.57, 8.79)], skin to skin contact [AOR = 6.23; 95% CI (2.523, 15.358)], night time delivery [AOR = 6.25; 95% CI (2.58, 15.12)] and bathed within 24 h [AOR = 10.06; 95% CI (3.86, 26.22)] were independent risk factors of neonatal hypothermia.


Assuntos
Hospitais Públicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Hipotermia/etiologia , Doenças do Recém-Nascido/etiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Etiópia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva
11.
BMC Res Notes ; 11(1): 571, 2018 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30103806

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify the risk factors for preterm birth in public hospitals of the central zone, Tigray, Ethiopia 2017/2018. RESULT: A total of 88 neonates who born preterm (cases) and 176 neonates who born term (controls) with their index mothers were included making a response rate of 100%. About 84/88 (95.5%) mothers in cases and 173/176 (98.3%) in control had antenatal care follow up. Among them, 33 (39.3%) cases and 102 (58%) controls were had antenatal care follow up four times and above. In multiple logistic regression at P-value < 0.05, mothers with ANC follow up less than four [AOR 95% CI 2.15 (1.19, 3.85)], mothers with pregnancy-induced hypertension [AOR 3.245; 95% CI (1.58, 6.67)], multiple pregnancy [AOR 2.47; 95% CI (1.14, 5.33)], fetal distress [AOR 4.0; 95% CI (1.9, 8.2)] and birth defect [AOR 3.19; 95% CI (1.22, 8.34)] were independent risk factors of preterm delivery.


Assuntos
Hospitais Públicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Etiópia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Mães , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
12.
BMC Res Notes ; 11(1): 496, 2018 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30029614

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of study was to identify risk factors of birth asphyxia among newborns in public hospitals of Central Zone Tigray, Ethiopia 2018. RESULTS: A total of 88 cases and 176 controls were included in the study. Thirty (34.1%) cases and 28 (15.9%) of controls were not able to read and write. Twenty-one (23.9%) cases and 9 (5.1%) controls were had meconium stained on pelvic examination. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that maternal illiteracy [AOR = 6; 95% CI (1.51, 23.80)], low birth weight [AOR = 6.9; 95% CI (3.01, 15.81)], preterm [AOR = 2.2; 95% CI (1.022, 4.76)], prim parous [AOR = 3.1; 95% CI (1.51, 6.38)], antepartum hemorrhage [AOR = 12; 95% CI (2.29, 63.11)] and meconium stained amniotic fluid [AOR = 7.88; 95% CI (2.92, 21.29)] were independent risk factors of birth asphyxia.


Assuntos
Asfixia Neonatal/epidemiologia , Hospitais Públicos , Etiópia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro , Fatores de Risco
13.
BMC Res Notes ; 11(1): 380, 2018 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29895315

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Self-care practice in type two diabetes is a critical factor to keep the disease under control. Despite the important role of self-care practices in management of diabetes were recognized to be useful and effective in achieving diabetes control and preventing its complication, findings of previous studies in Ethiopia were confirmed that, aspects of self-care practices were more problematic. So that this study focus on magnitude of self-care practice and associated factors among diabetic patients. RESULTS: Among the total 284 respondents, their mean age was 52.19 years and about 178 (62.7%) had poor diabetic self-care practice. Having glucometer at home (AOR = 3. 719 [1.700, 8.139]), knowing fasting glucose level (AOR = 2. 709 [1.481, 4.957]), attending diabetic education (AOR = 2. 487 [2.027, 6.020]), perceived benefit (AOR = 2. 422 [1.374, 4.269]), perceived barrier (AOR = 0. 471 [0.265, 0.394]), and self-employment (AOR = 5. 936 [1.965, 17.936]) were significantly associated with good self-care practice.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Hospitais Públicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Autocuidado/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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