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1.
Int J Surg Pathol ; : 10668969221117978, 2022 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35971291

RESUMO

Hybrid peripheral nerve sheath tumors show combined features of more than one type of conventional benign peripheral nerve sheath tumors. There are few cases reported of hybrid peripheral nerve sheath tumors in the head and neck region. A 68-year-old female patient was referred for evaluation of an oral swelling lasting five years. Intraoral examination revealed a small mobile nodule located in the lower vestibule. The patient underwent excisional biopsy and microscopic evaluation showed typical features of neurofibroma enclosing areas with palisading nuclei compatible with Antoni A pattern, which are seen in schwannomas. These regions showed strong and diffuse immunoreactivity for S100 protein and moderate positivity in the neurofibroma area. CD34 was positive in the neurofibroma area and entrapped axons were positive for neurofilament. The final diagnosis was oral hybrid neurofibroma-schwannoma tumor. Hybrid peripheral nerve sheath tumors, although extremely rare, may arise within the oral cavity. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first neurofibroma-schwannoma tumor reported in the oral cavity. Recognizing hybrid peripheral nerve sheath tumors as a distinct clinicopathological entity is important because they may also be associated with syndromic disorders.

2.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 27(2): e164–e173, mar. 2022. tab, ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-204479

RESUMO

Ten cases of normal salivary gland (NSG) and 92 of SGT (54 benign and 38 malignant) were retrieved. Immunohistochemistry was performed for hMSH2, hMSH3, hMSH6. Scanned slides were digitally analyzed based on the percentage of positive cells with nuclear staining. Cases were further classified in MutSαhigh and MutSβhigh based on hMSH2-hMSH6 and hMSH3-hMSH6 expression, respectively. Results: hMSH3 expression was lower in malignant SGT compared to NSG and benign cases. Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) cases with perineural invasion presented a lower percentage of hMSH3 positive cells. hMSH6 was downregulated in both benign and malignant SGT compared to NSG. Malignant SGT cases with MutSαhigh expression had lower disease-free survival compared to MutSαlow cases. A 10.26-fold increased risk of presenting local recurrence was observed. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that a lack of hMSH3 protein function is associated with a more aggressive phenotype (malignancy and perineural invasion) and that MutSα overexpression predicts a poor clinical outcome in malignant SGT.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , DNA , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Imuno-Histoquímica , Proteína 2 Homóloga a MutS , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares
4.
Oral Oncol ; 125: 105680, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35026669

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Spindle cell carcinoma (SpCC) or sarcomatoid carcinoma, is a rare variant of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) that has a variable proportion of carcinomatous and sarcomatous components. Here, we reported an immunohistochemical study of a spindle cell carcinoma with a challenging morphological diagnosis. CASE REPORT: A 50-year-old woman with a previous history of nodular melanoma was referred for evaluation of a painful papule in the lower lip. After surgical resection, neoplastic cells showed focal positivity for CK-14, αSMA, p63, and confirmed the strong positivity for S100 and vimentin. Tumor cells were negative for HMB-45, Melan A, SOX-10, AE1/AE3, 34ßE12, CK5-6, CAM5.2, EMA, desmin, calponin, CD10, CD34, and CD68. With these findings, a diagnosis of SpCC was rendered. The patient presented lung and dorsal metastases after 12 months and after 3 years of follow-up, the patient died. CONCLUSION: In summary, a careful correlation of microscopy and immunohistochemical characteristics is required for the proper diagnosis of this lesion.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Melanoma , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Lábio/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia
5.
Oral Dis ; 28(2): 326-335, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33188646

RESUMO

Osteopontin (OPN) is a calcium-binding glycol-phosphoprotein present in many physiologic and pathological processes. This protein can control bone cell adhesion, osteoclastic activity, and bone matrix mineralization. However, its participation in pathological processes such as atherosclerosis, sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, and cancer have been described. Some studies have shown that OPN may participate in the development and progression of oral cancer. Although the role of OPN in oral cancer is not fully understood, some studies have suggested that this protein may induce malignant phenotype of cells by activation of PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway, which favors cell proliferation, invasion, metastasis, angiogenesis, and failure of treatment. This review discusses the possible mechanism of involvement of OPN in oral cancer and its potential clinical application in diagnosis and prognosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Bucais , Osteopontina , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Humanos , Osteopontina/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo
6.
Oral Dis ; 2021 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34902207

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the proteomic profile of salivary pleomorphic adenoma (PA) and carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (CXPA) samples and correlate them with the malignant transformation of the PA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty samples (10 PA, 16 CXPA, and 4 residual PA) were microdissected and submitted to liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The proteomic data and protein identification were analyzed through LC-MS/MS spectra using the MaxQuant software. RESULTS: The proteomic analysis identified and quantified a total of 240 proteins in which 135 were found in PA, residual PA, and CXPA. The shared proteins were divided into six subgroups, and the proteins that showed statistically significant differences (p > 0.05) and fold-change > or <2.5 in one subgroup to another subgroup were included. Seven proteins (Apolipoprotein A-I-APOA1, haptoglobin-HP, protein of the synaptonemal complex 1-SYCP1, anion transport protein of band 3-SLC4A1, subunit µ1 of AP-1 complex-AP1M1, beta subunit of hemoglobin-HBB, and dermcidin-DCD) were classified as potential protein signatures, being HP, AP1M1, and HBB with higher abundance for PA to residual PA, APOA1 with higher abundance for PA to CXPA, SLC4A1 with lower abundance in the PA to CXPA, SYCP1with lower abundance for residual PA to CXPA, and DCD with higher abundance in the CXPA with epithelial differentiation to myoepithelial differentiation. CONCLUSIONS: In this work, we demonstrated the comparative proteomic profiling of PA, residual PA, and CXPA, and seven were proposed as protein signatures, some of which may be associated with the malignant phenotype acquisition.

7.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 572-586, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is an aggressive B-cell lymphoma with three variants (endemic, sporadic, and immunodeficiency-associated), presenting with specific epidemiological and clinical features. Burkitt lymphoma affects the head and neck region (BLHN) in approximately 10% of cases. The aim of this study was to undertake a comparative analysis of the clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical (IHC) features of BLHN diagnosed in patients from Africa, Guatemala, and Brazil. METHODS: Cases diagnosed as BLHN were collected from the files of six oral pathology laboratory services (Brazil, South Africa, and Guatemala) and one Brazilian pediatric oncology hospital from 1986 to 2020. Clinicopathological and IHC data, and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) status by in situ hybridization data for each case were reviewed and described. RESULTS: Of the 52 cases, BLHN was predominant in pediatric patients [43 (82.69%)] and males [43 (82.69%)], with a mean age of 11.26 ± 9.68 years (range, 1-39 years). Neck and cervical lymph nodes [14 (26.92%)], and involvement of both maxilla and mandible [8 (15.38%)], were the most common anatomical sites. Clinically, tumor/swelling [40 (31.25%)], cervical lymphadenopathy [14 (10.94%)], pain [12 (9.38%)], and bone destruction [12 (9.38%)] were frequent findings. All cases showed typical morphological characteristics of BL. IHC profiles included positivity for CD20 [52 (100%)], CD10 [38 (79.17%)], Bcl6 [29 (87.88%)], and c-Myc protein [18 (81.82%)]. EBV was positive in 18 cases (62.07%). The Ki-67 index ranged from 90 to 100%. CONCLUSION: The clinicopathological and EBV profile of BLHN in South African, Guatemalan, and Brazilian patients is similar.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Burkitt , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Linfoma de Burkitt/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Burkitt/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , África do Sul/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
8.
Oral Dis ; 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33901323

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Ameloblastoma is an odontogenic epithelial tumour with a low expression of mismatch repair system components. We aimed to investigate the methylation status of the genes MSH2, MSH3 and MSH6 (MutS group) in conventional ameloblastomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ameloblastoma and dental follicle samples (n = 10 each) were collected from 20 different patients. Each ameloblastoma sample was sectioned into two fragments: one was paraffin-embedded while the other one, likewise the dental follicle samples, was fixed in RNAlater and frozen at -196°C. All frozen samples were investigated for the MutS genes methylation levels, using the enzymatic restriction digestion and quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assay. The ameloblastoma paraffin-embedded samples were submitted to immunohistochemical reactions for MutS proteins detection and digitally quantification. Correlation analyses were performed between the immunohistochemical results and the respective gene methylation percentage. RESULTS: There are no significant differences between the MutS genes methylation levels in the ameloblastoma and the dental follicle. However, a strong negative correlation was found between MSH2 and MSH6 gene methylation status and their respective proteins expressions evaluated by immunohistochemistry. CONCLUSION: Our results show that the genes methylations is in part responsible for decreasing the expression of MSH2 and MSH6 genes in ameloblastoma.

9.
Spec Care Dentist ; 41(4): 519-525, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33760257

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Denosumab is a nonsurgical treatment option for central giant cell granulomas (CGCG), especially in aggressive lesions. CASE REPORT: We describe a 9-year-old girl with an aggressive maxillary CGCG successfully treated with denosumab, avoiding a mutilating surgery after intralesional corticosteroid injections failed, and the lesion continued to rapidly grow. During denosumab treatment, she developed a self-limiting area of osteonecrosis in the maxillary alveolar bone, which rapidly resolved after antibiotic therapy. Six months after denosumab discontinuation, a maxillary surgical recontour was performed. Two weeks after surgery, the patient presented vomiting, pallor, dehydration, but no fever. Blood tests revealed severe hypercalcemia and acute renal dysfunction. After discarding thyroid, parathyroid, and adrenal alterations, a diagnosis of severe rebound hypercalcemia after denosumab treatment was made. Treatment consisted of hyperhydration, calcium pamidronate, and methylprednisolone, restoring calcium levels to normal. CONCLUSION: After 2 years of follow-up, she remains on orthodontic treatment, with no recurrences or other episodes of hypercalcemia.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea , Granuloma de Células Gigantes , Hipercalcemia , Criança , Denosumab , Feminino , Humanos , Recidiva
10.
Virchows Arch ; 479(3): 585-595, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33713188

RESUMO

The role of digital pathology in remote reporting has seen an increase during the COVID-19 pandemic. Recently, recommendations had been made regarding the urgent need of reorganizing head and neck cancer diagnostic services to provide a safe work environment for the staff. A total of 162 glass slides from 109 patients over a period of 5 weeks were included in this validation and were assessed by all pathologists in both analyses (digital and conventional) to allow intraobserver comparison. The intraobserver agreement between the digital method (DM) and conventional method (CM) was considered almost perfect (κ ranged from 0.85 to 0.98, with 95% CI, ranging from 0.81 to 1). The most significant and frequent disagreements within trainees encompassed epithelial dysplasia grading and differentiation among severe dysplasia (carcinoma in situ) and oral squamous cell carcinoma. The most frequent pitfall from DM was lag in screen mirroring. The lack of details of inflammatory cells and the need for a higher magnification to assess dysplasia were pointed in one case each. The COVID-19 crisis has accelerated and consolidated the use of online meeting tools, which would be a valuable resource even in the post-pandemic scenario. Adaptation in laboratory workflow, the advent of digital pathology and remote reporting can mitigate the impact of similar future disruptions to the oral and maxillofacial pathology laboratory workflow avoiding delays in diagnosis and report, to facilitate timely management of head and neck cancer patients. Graphical abstract.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Carcinoma in Situ/patologia , Tecnologia Digital , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Neoplasias Maxilares/patologia , Microscopia , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Telepatologia , Biópsia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fluxo de Trabalho
11.
Head Neck Pathol ; 15(3): 757-768, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33394374

RESUMO

Neuroblastoma is the most common extracranial solid cancer of infancy, occurring mainly in the adrenal gland, with high metastatic potential. However, involvement of the head and neck region is rare. Here, we present two cases of metastatic neuroblastoma of childhood, in which a mandibular swelling was the first sign of disseminated disease. Case 1 describes a 4-year-old boy with a 2-week history of painful swelling in the left mandibular region, body soreness and weakness. Panoramic radiography and computed tomography showed a destructive lesion in the left mandibular ramus. Case 2 describes a 3-year-old boy with a 1-month history of swelling in the right mandibular area. Panoramic radiograph and cone-beam computed tomography showed a destructive lesion in the right body and ramus of the mandible, displacing tooth germs, with the destruction of vestibular and lingual bone cortices. In both cases, microscopic analyses revealed a diffuse proliferation of small, round, and blue cells with hyperchromatic nuclei and scant cytoplasm. While Case 1 was more undifferentiated, Case 2 presented eosinophilic areas suggestive of neuropil. A large immunohistochemical panel was performed, showing expression of neural markers such as CD56, neuron-specific enolase (in Case 2), chromogranin, and synaptophysin. Both lesions presented a high proliferation index (Ki67 > 70% and 80%, respectively). Positron emission tomography-computed tomography revealed ipsilateral adrenal primary lesions in both cases, with multiple bone metastatic lesions. Besides the mandible, multiple sites of the axial and appendicular skeleton were affected. Treatment consisted of induction chemotherapy, adrenalectomy, consolidation chemoradiotherapy, and post-consolidation therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/patologia , Neoplasias Mandibulares/secundário , Neuroblastoma/secundário , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Masculino
12.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 26(1): e8-e13, ene. 2021. graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-200532

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whole Slide Imaging (WSI) is an alternative method to light microscopy (LM). However, few studies have compared the diagnostic agreement between WSI and LM, especially to grade oral epithelial dysplasia (OED). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the variability in grading OED by the World Health Organization grading system, using WSI and conventional LM, and to investigate whether the access to clinical information, and psychologic or physical states of the pathologists could interfere with the diagnosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: eleven experienced pathologists from seven Brazilian universities independently evaluated twenty-five OED cases. The analyses were performed in duplicate for each method, with an interval of at least 30 days, and the time consumed in each analysis was measured. Physical and psychologic states were evaluated by blood pressure levels, heart rate and two questionnaires: State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and Perceived Stress Scale. Clinical information was provided after the second evaluation using WSI and the pathologist could change their diagnostic decision or not. RESULTS: LM showed a higher inter-examiner agreement (k=0.53) than WSI (k=0.45) and a smaller time consumed by the pathologists (mean of 65.53 seconds compared to 91.02 seconds in WSI). In the first analysis using conventional microscopy, there was a positive correlation between kappa values and anxiety (r=0.47, p = 0.02), and stress (r=0.64, p < 0.01), and an inverse correlation with heart rate (r=-0.48, p = 0.02). In the digital analysis, there was also a positive correlation between kappa values and anxiety (r=0.75, p < 0.001). After clinical information was given, there was a slight change in 11.3% of the cases, and a great discrepancy in 1.1% of the cases, mainly increasing the OED grade. CONCLUSIONS: both microscopy systems had similar results, although LM had slightly higher kappa values, and WSI was more time consuming


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças da Boca/patologia , Mucosa Bucal/patologia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/patologia , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Microscopia/métodos , Doenças da Boca/diagnóstico , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/diagnóstico , Fatores de Tempo , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valores de Referência
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32981867

RESUMO

Primordial odontogenic tumor (POT) is a recently described benign odontogenic tumor, with only 16 cases reported in the literature. We present 2 new cases of POT affecting the mandible. Case 1 is that of 12-year-old girl with an asymptomatic, slow-growing mass, causing facial asymmetry. Radiography showed a well-defined unilocular radiolucency surrounding an impacted second premolar. Case 2 is that of a 13-year-old girl with a mass involving the crown of the unerupted third molar and showing similar radiographic features. Microscopically, both lesions were composed of variably cellular fibromyxoid tissue surrounded by thin ameloblastic epithelium, with stellate reticulum-like areas, but no mineralized tissue, yielding the diagnosis of POT. Immunohistochemical analysis showed diffuse expression of CK14 in epithelial cells, whereas CK19 was expressed mainly in the basal layer. Syndecan-1 (CD138) was expressed in the stellate-like regions and in the subepithelial zone. Both patients were treated surgically, with no signs of recurrence seen after 15 and 60 months, respectively.


Assuntos
Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Tumores Odontogênicos , Adolescente , Criança , Epitélio , Feminino , Humanos , Mandíbula , Dente Serotino , Tumores Odontogênicos/diagnóstico por imagem , Tumores Odontogênicos/cirurgia
15.
Head Neck Pathol ; 15(3): 1023-1030, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33089457

RESUMO

Carney complex (CNC) is a rare, autosomal dominant multiple neoplasia syndrome. Although cutaneous myxomas commonly occur in CNC patients, intraoral myxomas are extremely rare. We present a case of a palatal myxoma in a 21-year-old female patient with CNC, along with a review of the pertinent literature. She presented with a sessile nodule on the hard palate that microscopically showed a multilobulated and highly vascularized myxomatous tissue composed of loosely-arranged spindle, polygonal, and stellate cells, suggestive of myxoid neurofibroma. Six years after the oral lesion was removed, she presented with a growth hormone (GH)-producing pituitary adenoma, a cardiac myxoma, two cutaneous myxomas on the lower abdomen area, and one myxoma in the vaginal mucosa. Therefore, the final diagnosis of the palatal lesion was of a soft tissue myxoma related to CNC. The patient remains on close follow-up, with no recurrences of the palatal myxoma after 7 years.


Assuntos
Complexo de Carney/patologia , Mixoma/genética , Neoplasias Palatinas/genética , Palato Duro/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Mixoma/patologia , Neoplasias Palatinas/patologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 156: 103116, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33115701

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to provide accurate information about the global prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (OPSCC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: a systematic review was performed using three main electronic databases. Studies were independently assessed by two reviewers based on established eligibility criteria, to identify the prevalence of HPV-driven OPSCC following criteria defined by the American Society of Clinical Oncology. Risk of bias was assessed using the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal Checklist. Statistical software MedCalc was used to perform meta-analyses. RESULTS: from 2215 records found, 15 were included, reporting data from 6009 patients (time period range: 1980-2016), distributed in 11 countries. Eleven studies were considered as presenting low risk, and four as moderate risk of bias. Using proportion meta-analysis, pooled prevalence of HPV-driven OPSCC was 44.8 % (95 %CI: 36.4-53.5 %; i2 = 97.6 %), with the highest rates in New Zealand (74.5 %; 95 %CI: 60.9-85.3 %), and the lowest in Brazil (11.1 %; 95 %CI: 4.5-21.5 %). HPV prevalence was similar between males (45.7 %; 95 %CI: 36.5-55.0 %; i2 = 96.4 %) and females (42.2 %; 95 %CI: 34.3-50.5 %; i2 = 85.4 %). Mean/median age ranged from 59.1-67.1 years in the HPV-negative group, and from 55.7-63.5 years in the HPV-positive group. There was an overall discordance between testing by p16 (49.4 %; 95 %CI, 38.2-60.5 %; i2 = 96.2 %) and p16+ISH/PCR (44.7 %; 95 %CI, 33.5-56.2 %; i2 = 96.4 %). CONCLUSION: Overall pooled prevalence of HPV-driven OPSCC was approximately 45 %, with similar distribution among males and females. Double p16/HPV-DNA/RNA testing may be considered to increase specificity and prognostic accuracy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Papillomaviridae , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/virologia , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/epidemiologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/virologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Prevalência
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32482537

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the clinicopathologic features of a series of gnathic epithelioid osteoblastomas. As high levels of Proto-oncogene c-Fos proteins resulting from FOS-FOSB translocation were recently demonstrated in osteoblastomas, we also evaluated the immunoexpression of these proteins. STUDY DESIGN: Records of all cases of epithelioid osteoblastoma of the jaws were retrieved from oral pathology services, and their clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical data were collected. Immunohistochemistry was also performed by using anti-FOS and anti-FOSB antibodies. RESULTS: Six cases of epithelioid osteoblastomas were obtained, 4 in men and 2 in women, and they were mainly located in the posterior body of the mandible (n = 4). Radiographically, the tumors showed mixed radiolucent and radiopaque images, most with poorly defined margins. Microscopically, large epithelioid cells with eccentrically located nuclei predominated among osteoid and immature bone trabeculae. Sharp delineation from adjacent normal bone was observed in all cases. FOS immunostaining was diffuse and strong in the cytoplasm and nucleus of neoplastic cells in all cases, whereas FOSB was only focally positive, with few epithelioid osteoblasts showing nuclear staining. CONCLUSIONS: Although epithelioid osteoblastomas of the jaws are locally aggressive, widespread metastasis does not occur, and, as with conventional osteoblastomas, there is wide expression of the FOS protein.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Osteoblastoma , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-fos
18.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 8: 622161, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33718347

RESUMO

Background: Oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC) causes over 350,000 cases annually and particularly impacts populations in developing countries. Smoking and alcohol consumption are major risk factors. Determining the role of the tumor immune microenvironment (TIME) in OTSCC outcomes can elucidate immune mechanisms behind disease progression, and can potentially identify prognostic biomarkers. Methods: We performed a retrospective study of 48 OTSCC surgical specimens from patients with tobacco and alcohol exposures. A panel of immunoregulatory cell subpopulations including T (CD3, CD4, CD8) and B (CD20) lymphocytes, dendritic cells (CD1a, CD83), macrophages (CD68), and immune checkpoint molecules programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and ligand 1 (PD-L1) were analyzed using immunohistochemistry. The levels of immune effector cell subpopulations and markers were analyzed in relation to overall survival. Results: Pathological characteristics of the tumor microenvironment included inflammatory infiltrates (83.3%), desmoplasia (41.6%), and perineural invasion (50.0%). The TIME contained high levels of T cells (CD3+, CD4+, and CD8+) and B cells (CD20+), as well as immature (CD1a) and mature (CD83) dendritic cells, PD-1, and PD-L1. Higher numbers of TIME infiltrating CD3+ T cells and CD20+ B cells were predictive of better survival, while higher levels of CD83+ mature dendritic cells predicted better survival. CD3+ T cells were identified as an independent prognostic marker for OTSCC. Lastly, CD3+ T cells were strongly correlated with the number of CD8+ cells and PD-L1 expression. Conclusion: Our findings provide evidence that the TIME profile of OTSSC impacted prognosis. The high expression of CD3+ T cells and B cells are predictive of better overall survival and indicative of an immunologically active, inflammatory TIME in patients with better survival. The number of CD3+ T cells was an independent prognostic marker.

19.
Oral Dis ; 25(8): 1919-1924, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31444932

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To establish a predictive clinical index of malignancy risk in palatal salivary gland tumors (PSGT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred cases of PSGT were evaluated. Clinical data were retrieved from the patient's files. Representative clinical photographs of each tumor were evaluated to identify clinical features suggestive of a malignant tumor. Features significantly associated with malignancy were included in a binary logistic regression model. RESULTS: Malignant tumors were more common in the hard palate, in women and in older patients. Features associated with a malignant diagnosis included pain (p = .017), irregular surface (p = .004), bluish/purple coloration (p < .001), ulceration (p = .005), and telangiectasia (p = .015). After multivariate logistic regression, pain (OR: 4.017; 95% CI: 1.198-13.471; p = .024) and color alteration (OR: 7.243; 95% CI: 2.068-25.363; p = .002) were independently associated with malignancy. Including these factors in a predictive index, the proportion of malignant tumors in patients presenting none, one and two factors were 25% (95% CI: 0.13-0.40), 67% (95% CI: 0.48-0.83), and 85% (95% CI: 0.42-0.99), respectively. CONCLUSION: Pain and color alteration might be independent predictors of malignancy in PSGT, which could support the decision to perform an incisional or excisional biopsy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Palatinas/patologia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/patologia , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biópsia , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Palato Duro , Glândulas Salivares Menores , Distribuição por Sexo
20.
Trop Doct ; 49(4): 303-306, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31156067

RESUMO

Diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis is a rare chronic infectious disease, associated with Leishmania mexicana and L. amazonensis, presenting as multiple non-ulcerative painless nodules, with a tendency to relapse soon after treatment. We report a case of a 56-year-old Mexican woman exhibiting nodular lesions, plaques, crusts and scars involving the whole body. A solitary nodule was present at the junction between hard and soft palates. Diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis is a disfiguring disease resulting in severe scarring if untreated.


Assuntos
Leishmania mexicana/fisiologia , Leishmaniose Tegumentar Difusa/complicações , Leishmaniose Tegumentar Difusa/diagnóstico , Doenças da Boca/etiologia , Doenças da Boca/parasitologia , Palato/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Leishmaniose Tegumentar Difusa/parasitologia , Leishmaniose Tegumentar Difusa/patologia , México , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Palato/parasitologia , Recidiva
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