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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(1): 68-72, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31843896


Realistic description of competing phases in complex quantum materials has proven extremely challenging. For example, much of the existing density-functional-theory-based first-principles framework fails in the cuprate superconductors. Various many-body approaches involve generic model Hamiltonians and do not account for the interplay between the spin, charge, and lattice degrees of freedom. Here, by deploying the recently constructed strongly constrained and appropriately normed (SCAN) density functional, we show how the landscape of competing stripe and magnetic phases can be addressed on a first-principles basis both in the parent insulator YBa2Cu3O6 and the near-optimally doped YBa2Cu3O7 as archetype cuprate compounds. In YBa2Cu3O7, we find many stripe phases that are nearly degenerate with the ground state and may give rise to the pseudogap state from which the high-temperature superconducting state emerges. We invoke no free parameters such as the Hubbard U, which has been the basis of much of the existing cuprate literature. Lattice degrees of freedom are found to be crucially important in stabilizing the various phases.

Sci Rep ; 5: 9739, 2015 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26084605


Fermi-surface-free superconductivity arises when the superconducting order pulls down spectral weight from a band that is completely above the Fermi energy in the normal state. We show that this can arise in hole-doped cuprates when a competing order causes a reconstruction of the Fermi surface. The change in Fermi surface topology is accompanied by a characteristic rise in the spectral weight. Our results support the presence of a trisected superconducting dome, and suggest that superconductivity is responsible for stabilizing the (π,π) magnetic order at higher doping.

Nano Lett ; 14(12): 6749-53, 2014 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25365704


The highest-temperature superconductors are electronically inhomogeneous at the nanoscale, suggesting the existence of a local variable that could be harnessed to enhance the superconducting pairing. Here we report the relationship between local doping and local strain in the cuprate superconductor Bi(2)Sr(2)CaCu(2)O(8+x). We use scanning tunneling microscopy to discover that the crucial oxygen dopants are periodically distributed in correlation with local strain. Our picoscale investigation of the intraunit-cell positions of all oxygen dopants provides essential structural input for a complete microscopic theory.

Cobre/química , Condutividade Elétrica , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Modelos Químicos , Simulação por Computador , Módulo de Elasticidade , Temperatura Alta , Teste de Materiais , Resistência à Tração
Science ; 344(6184): 608-11, 2014 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24812396


The unclear relationship between cuprate superconductivity and the pseudogap state remains an impediment to understanding the high transition temperature (T(c)) superconducting mechanism. Here, we used magnetic field-dependent scanning tunneling microscopy to provide phase-sensitive proof that d-wave superconductivity coexists with the pseudogap on the antinodal Fermi surface of an overdoped cuprate. Furthermore, by tracking the hole-doping (p) dependence of the quasi-particle interference pattern within a single bismuth-based cuprate family, we observed a Fermi surface reconstruction slightly below optimal doping, indicating a zero-field quantum phase transition in notable proximity to the maximum superconducting T(c). Surprisingly, this major reorganization of the system's underlying electronic structure has no effect on the smoothly evolving pseudogap.

Science ; 337(6092): 320-3, 2012 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22822144


High-temperature cuprate superconductors display unexpected nanoscale inhomogeneity in essential properties such as pseudogap energy, Fermi surface, and even superconducting critical temperature. Theoretical explanations for this inhomogeneity have ranged from chemical disorder to spontaneous electronic phase separation. We extend the energy range of scanning tunneling spectroscopy on Bi(2+y)Sr(2-y)CaCu(2)O(8+x), allowing a complete mapping of two types of interstitial oxygen dopants and vacancies at the apical oxygen site. We show that the nanoscale spatial variations in the pseudogap states are correlated with disorder in these dopant concentrations, particularly that of apical oxygen vacancies.