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1.
J Clin Med ; 10(16)2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34441905

RESUMO

Thyroid diseases are common conditions that have a negative impact on the health of all populations. The literature sheds light on the differences in the composition of the intestinal microbiota in patients suffering from thyroid diseases compared to healthy individuals. The microbiome affects the proper functioning of the thyroid gland, and the existence of the gut-thyroid axis is discussed in the context of both thyroid diseases and intestinal dysbiosis. The purpose of this review is to describe associations between the microbiome and its metabolites and thyroid dysfunction. We try to explain the role of the microbiome in the metabolism of thyroid hormones and the impact of thyroid autoimmune diseases. In addition, we raise issues related to the influence of bacterial metabolites, such as short-chain fatty acids or secondary bile acids, in the functioning of the thyroid gland. Last but not least, we explored the interactions between the gut microbiota and therapeutics and supplements typically administered to patients with thyroid diseases.

2.
Molecules ; 26(11)2021 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34200200

RESUMO

Epilobium angustifolium L. is a popular and well-known medicinal plant. In this study, an attempt to evaluate the possibility of using this plant in preparations for the care and treatment of skin diseases was made. The antioxidant, antiaging and anti-inflammatory properties of ethanolic extracts from Epilobium angustifolium (FEE) were assessed. Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of extracts chemically composition was performed by gas chromatography with mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The total polyphenol content (TPC) of biologically active compounds, such as the total content of polyphenols (TPC), flavonoids (TFC), and assimilation pigments, as well as selected phenolic acids, was assessed. FEE was evaluated for their anti-inflammatory and antiaging properties, achieving 68% inhibition of lipoxygenase activity, 60% of collagenase and 49% of elastase. FEE also showed high antioxidant activity, reaching to 87% of free radical scavenging using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 59% using 2,2'-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS). Additionally, in vitro penetration studies were performed using two vehicles, i.e., a hydrogel and an emulsion containing FEE. These studies showed that the active ingredients contained in FEE penetrate through human skin and accumulate in it. The obtained results indicate that E. angustifolium may be an interesting plant material to be applied as a component of cosmetic and dermatological preparations with antiaging and anti-inflammatory properties.


Assuntos
Cosméticos/química , Fármacos Dermatológicos/química , Epilobium/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Antioxidantes/química , Compostos de Bifenilo/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Flavonoides/química , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Humanos , Plantas Medicinais/química , Polifenóis/química , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos
3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(6)2021 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33805752

RESUMO

Graphene coating on the cobalt-chromium alloy was optimized and successfully carried out by a cold-wall chemical vapor deposition (CW-CVD) method. A uniform layer of graphene for a large area of the Co-Cr alloy (discs of 10 mm diameter) was confirmed by Raman mapping coated area and analyzing specific G and 2D bands; in particular, the intensity ratio and the number of layers were calculated. The effect of the CW-CVD process on the microstructure and the morphology of the Co-Cr surface was investigated by scanning X-ray photoelectron microscope (SPEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). Nanoindentation and scratch tests were performed to determine mechanical properties of Co-Cr disks. The results of microbiological tests indicate that the studied Co-Cr alloys covered with a graphene layer did not show a pro-coagulant effect. The obtained results confirm the possibility of using the developed coating method in medical applications, in particular in the field of cardiovascular diseases.


Assuntos
Ligas de Cromo/química , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/química , Grafite/química , Animais , Fatores de Coagulação Sanguínea/metabolismo , Plaquetas/citologia , Plaquetas/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ligas de Cromo/farmacologia , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Eritrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Teste de Materiais/métodos , Camundongos , Células NIH 3T3 , Tempo de Tromboplastina Parcial , Ativação Plaquetária/efeitos dos fármacos , Cultura Primária de Células , Propriedades de Superfície , Volatilização
4.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 141, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33420267

RESUMO

Co-doped Ce3+, Cr3+ and Pr3+ yttrium-aluminium-gallium garnet powders of various sizes were obtained by co-precipitation method. The microstructure and morphology were investigated by XRPD, TEM and gas porosimetry. The luminescence properties were studied by excitation and emission spectra, quantum yield and decay times. Thermoluminescence measurements were performed to evaluate the activation energy, traps redistribution and frequency factor. Limitation in the energy transfer between dopant ions in the small particles, traps depth and surface defects were considered and investigated as responsible for the quenching of persistent luminescence. The phosphors annealed at 1100 °C show the optimal persistent luminescence and nano-particle size.

5.
Nutrients ; 12(9)2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32932945

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Burned patients have an increased need for vitamin D supply related to the maintenance of calcium-phosphate homeostasis and the regulation of cell proliferation/differentiation. This study aimed to analyze the concentration of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol and its relationship with severe condition after burn injury. METHODS: 126 patients were enrolled in the study. Patients were qualified due to thermal burns-over 10% of total body surface area. On the day of admission, the following parameters were assessed: 25-hydroxycholecalciferol concentration, total protein concentration, albumin concentration, aspartate transaminase activity, alanine transaminase activity, albumin concentration, creatinine concentration, c-reactive protein concentration, procalcitonin concentration, and interleukin-6 concentration. RESULTS: Almost all patients (92%) in the study group had an improper level of vitamin D (<30 ng/mL), with the average of 11.6 ± 10.7 ng/mL; 17.5% of patients had levels of vitamin D below the limit of determination-under 3 ng/mL. The study showed that there are several factors which correlated with vitamin D concentration during the acute phase of burn injury, including: total protein (r = 0.42, p < 0.01), albumin, (r = 0.62, p < 0.01), percentage of body burns (r = 0.36, p < 0.05), aspartate aminotransferase (r = 0.21, p < 0.05), and c-reactive protein (r = 0.22, p < 0.05). We did not find any significant correlation between vitamin D concentration and body mass index. CONCLUSIONS: The burn injury has an enormous impact on the metabolism and the risk factors of the deficiency for the general population (BMI) have an effect on burned patients. Our study showed that concentration of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol is strongly correlated with serum albumin level, even more than total burn surface area and burn degrees as expected. We suspect that increased supplementation of vitamin D should be based on albumin level and last until albumin levels are balanced.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/sangue , Calcifediol/sangue , Proteínas/metabolismo , Albumina Sérica/metabolismo , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-6/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polônia , Pró-Calcitonina/sangue , Vitamina D/sangue
6.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(8)2020 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32340390

RESUMO

Sore, infected wounds are a major clinical issue, and there is thus an urgent need for novel biomaterials as multifunctional constituents for dressings. A set of biocomposites was prepared by solvent casting using different concentrations of carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) and exfoliated graphene oxide (Exf-GO) as a filler. Exf-GO was first obtained by the strong oxidation and exfoliation of graphite. The structural, morphological and mechanical properties of the composites (CMCx/Exf-GO) were evaluated, and the obtained composites were homogenous, transparent and brownish in color. The results confirmed that Exf-GO may be homogeneously dispersed in CMC. It was found that the composite has an inhibitory activity against the Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus, but not against Gram-negative Pseudomonas aeruginosa. At the same time, it does not exhibit any cytotoxic effect on normal fibroblasts.

7.
Burns ; 46(6): 1356-1364, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32197792

RESUMO

Burned tissue is necrotic and it is surrounded by a zone of stasis and hyperaemia with changed cell metabolism. The removal of burned tissue using an electric knife releases large amounts of surgical smoke. The aim of the research was to analyse volatile, nonpolar, organic compounds that are released during the excision of burned tissue using an electric knife (mono- and bipolar). The study includes analysis from 40 solid-phase microextraction (SPME) fibres, exposed during 10 interventions (6 escharotomy and 4 necrectomy). The analysis of volatile compounds was performed using mass spectrometry gas chromatography (GCxGC-ToFMS).The total analysis covered 432 compounds, whereas after the removal of the "background" compounds - 153 volatile organic substances remained. The analysis of surgical smoke showed that, including derivatives, benzene constituted as much as 17.65% of all of the studied compounds. Cyclic compounds constituted on average 22.5% of the analysed substances, out of which cycloheptatrien constituted 20.26%. Alkanes, alcohols and their derivatives constituted nearly 25% of volatile organic compounds, with chloromethane constituting as much as 13.7%. Permutational multivariate analysis of variance (PERMANOVA) revealed statistically significant differences between escharotomy and necrectomy patients (F(1.9) = 5.91, p = 0.007).Our study revealed the presence of complex toxic hydrocarbon derivatives in surgical smoke. We also observed that the content of surgical smoke is different depending on the type of the conducted intervention. So far, no studies focusing on hazards posed by surgical smoke that is released during the resection of burned tissue are in the literature.

8.
J Burn Care Res ; 40(5): 652-657, 2019 08 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31032516

RESUMO

Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a potentially life-threatening, exfoliative disease. It is described as idiosyncratic, severe, skin reaction to drugs. With Stevens-Johnson's Syndrome, it presents as a continuum of a disease being categorized relating to the percentage of affected skin. Without any multicenter trials comparing TEN treatment modalities, there is dearth of strong evidence-based guidelines of care. Total plasma exchange with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is one among plethora of possible treatment strategies. In our 10-year experience, we have observed 21 patients admitted to our burns center due to TEN. All of them were placed under intensive care with daily plasmapheresis (TPE) and IVIG. We have observed 52% mortality, with observed severe concomitant diseases in every patient in nonsurvivor group (average Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score at admission: 31.5%). We consider that TPE with IVIG might be of use in selected group of patients with TEN without any severe comorbidities. However, further multicenter trials are needed because in some cases it may raise mortality.


Assuntos
Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Troca Plasmática , Síndrome de Stevens-Johnson/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Unidades de Queimados , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Síndrome de Stevens-Johnson/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Stevens-Johnson/mortalidade , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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