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1.
J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord ; 8(1): 95-99, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471274

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Endovenous ablation of the lower extremity veins has become the primary treatment of symptomatic venous reflux disease. Endovenous heat-induced thrombosis (EHIT) and recanalization are two well-known complications of these venous ablative procedures. Because the elderly represent the fastest growing demographic, our goal was to look at whether there is a difference of these complications and age distribution in octogenarians, nonagenarians, and centenarians vs the younger population. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted of 10,029 procedures that were performed from March 2012 to September 2018 on 8273 veins across 3218 patients who underwent endovenous ablation for lower extremity venous reflux; 6091 procedures were performed with radiofrequency ablation, and 3938 were performed with endovenous laser ablation. We reviewed charts of all patients who underwent radiofrequency ablation or endovenous laser treatment during this time. Postprocedural venous duplex ultrasound was performed at 3 to 7 days to check for EHIT and recanalization, every 3 months for the first year, and every 6 to 12 months thereafter. The χ2 test and analysis of variance were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Ages ranged from 15 years to 103 years. The average age of the patients was 61.9 ± 15.2 years. Average overall follow-up for all age groups was 25.8 ± 12.9 months. Of the 3218 patients, 2700 were younger than 80 years, 380 were between 80 and 89 years, 132 were between 90 and 99 years, and 6 were 100 years or older. Of the 10,029 procedures, 8730 were performed on patients younger than 80 years; 1124, on patients 80 to 89 years; 159, on patients 90 to 99 years; and 16, on patients 100 years or older. There were 111 patients who had bilateral procedures in the accessory saphenous vein, 1878 patients who had bilateral procedures in the great saphenous vein, 99 patients who had bilateral procedures in the perforator vein, and 760 patients who had bilateral procedures in the small saphenous vein. There were statistically significant increases in EHIT rates between octogenarians and those in the age group <80 years (P = .047); between nonagenarians and those in the age group <80 years (P = .04); and between the combined group of octogenarians, nonagenarians, and centenarians and the age group <80 years (P = .012). No statistical difference was found in rates of EHIT between octogenarians and nonagenarians (P = .5). Overall age is a risk factor for the development of EHIT (odds ratio, 1.03; 95% confidence interval, 1.02-1.04; P < .00001). There were statistically significant increases in recanalization rates between octogenarians and those in the age group <80 years (P = .000013); between nonagenarians and those in the age group <80 years (P = .00022); and between the combined group of octogenarians, nonagenarians, and centenarians and the age group <80 years (P < .00001). No statistical difference was found in rates of recanalization between octogenarians and nonagenarians (P = .48). Statistical analysis of centenarians alone was not done because of zero patients available in the EHIT or recanalization category. Overall age was found to be a risk factor for recanalization (odds ratio, 1.03; 95% confidence interval, 1.01-1.04; P < .00002). CONCLUSIONS: Whereas there is a relatively higher chance of EHIT and recanalization in the age group >80 years, our study shows that the majority of EHITs were class 1 and class 2. According to our study, venous ablation is safe and effective across all age groups, and age alone should not be used to deny patients venous ablations.

2.
J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord ; 8(1): 106-109, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31843245

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Whereas the commonly described manifestations of venous insufficiency include telangiectasia, varicose veins (VVs), edema, skin changes, and ulcers, we have noted some patients who present with external hemorrhage from lower extremity VVs. Because there are few recent data examining this entity, we herein describe our experience. METHODS: During 29 months, we had 32 patients present with hemorrhage from lower extremity VVs. There were 15 men and 17 women with a mean age of 60.2 years (range, 38-89 years; standard deviation [SD], ±14.9 years). Interestingly, 16 of these patients presented after coming into contact with warm water; 28 patients, 19 patients, and 1 patient presented with reflux >500 milliseconds in the great, small, and accessory saphenous veins, respectively. Eight patients and six patients had reflux >1 second in the femoral and popliteal veins, respectively. RESULTS: All patients were treated with weekly Unna boots. Mean ulcer healing time was 2.12 weeks (range, 1-8 weeks; SD, ± 2.15 weeks). Patients with VV hemorrhage after contact with warm water had a mean healing time of 1.75 weeks, whereas those who bled without such exposure took an average of 3.5 weeks (P = .0426). Twenty patients underwent at least one endovenous thermal ablation procedure, with the average patient in the cohort receiving 2.16 procedures (range, 0-9; SD, ± 2.37). There was no significant difference between laterality, age, or sex between patients who bled after warm water contact and those who bled spontaneously. The ulcers recurred in three of the patients, and Unna boot treatment was reapplied until wounds healed once more. Patients had an average follow up of 7.2 months (range, 26 months; SD, ± 8.9 months), and we noted no recurrent bleeding episodes. CONCLUSIONS: Spontaneous hemorrhage of VVs, although relatively under-reported, is not a rare occurrence. Risk factors are unknown; however, half of our patient cohort reported VV hemorrhage during or directly after coming into contact with warm water. Furthermore, these patients demonstrated a significantly shorter wound healing time compared with the rest of the cohort. Basic first aid, wound care, and hemostasis control education should be provided to all patients with VVs. Further investigation surrounding the risk factors associated with VV hemorrhage is warranted.

3.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 62: 263-267, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31394220

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endovenous thermal ablation has become the procedure of choice in the treatment of superficial venous reflux disease. The current armamentarium of devices and techniques aimed at the elimination of saphenous reflux offers surgeons and interventionalists a variety of treatment options; however, there is a lack of data comparing the safety of these products. The most concerning complication after endovenous thermal ablation is endothermal heat-induced thrombosis (EHIT) due to the risk of progression to deep venous thrombosis. This study aimed to compare the incidence rate of EHIT between radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and endovenous laser therapy (EVLT). METHODS: This was a single-center, office-based, retrospective study over the course of 5 years, in which 3,218 consecutive patients underwent 10,029 endovenous saphenous ablations. The patient cohort was 66.2% female, with an average age of 61.9 years. At the time of each individual intervention, 24, 212, 3,620, 4,806, 200, and 1,167 patients had Clinical-Etiology-Anatomy-Pathophysiology disease 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6, respectively. RESULTS: There was a total of 3,983 EVLT and 6,091 RFA procedures. The most common vessel treated was the great saphenous vein, 63.6% of the time, followed by the small saphenous vein (25.6%), accessory saphenous vein (6.1%), and perforator vein (4.6%). There were 186 cases of EHIT, with 137 (73.6%) identified as type 1 as per the Kabnick classification. Endovenous ablation performed via RFA resulted in significantly more cases of EHIT than of EVLT (109 vs. 77; P = 0.034; odds ratio = 1.52), which was confirmed by a multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: In the largest single-center study of endovenous saphenous ablations to date, RFA was shown to pose a significantly higher risk of EHIT than of EVLT.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31843484

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Although correction of iliac vein stenosis is safe and efficacious, one of its major complications is iliac vein stent thrombosis. In an attempt to examine the cause of iliac vein stent thrombosis, we reviewed the location of underlying lesions encountered after thrombectomy or thrombolysis of iliac vein stents. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of all iliac vein venograms with intravascular ultrasound examinations at our office-based surgical center from February 2012 to July 2016. Patients included in the study had chronic venous insufficiency and failed compression therapy. All procedures were performed with local anesthesia and conscious sedation. Wallstents were used in all procedures for nonthrombotic iliac vein stenosis, ranging from 8 to 24 mm in diameter and 40 to 90 mm in length. Patients were followed with transcutaneous duplex every 3 months for the first year and every 6 to 12 months thereafter. Patients were placed on clopidogrel for 3 months or continued on their preexisting anticoagulants. RESULTS: From February 2012 to July 2016, we performed 2228 iliac vein venograms with intravascular ultrasound examination in 1381 patients. The mean age of the patient population was 65 ±14 years (range, 21-99 years), among which 876 were female. A total of 1037 procedures were performed in the left lower extremity. Of these, 240 venograms were diagnostic. Presenting symptoms based on CEAP classification included C2 (n = 21), C3 (n = 633), C4 (n = 1065), C5 (n = 269), and C6 (n = 241). Complete thrombosis of the iliac vein stent was noted in 18 patients (0.8%) who thereafter underwent suction thrombectomy with thrombolysis. None of these patients had a prior history of deep vein thrombosis. In-stent restenosis was noted in 11 patients. Proximal lesions were found in no patients. An external iliac vein lesion was found distal to the common iliac vein stent in two patients. Common femoral vein lesions were found in six patients. These encountered lesions were then stented. All patients who underwent thrombectomy were placed on anticoagulation for 6 months. No patient were noted to suffer rethrombosis upon follow-up. No correlation with stent thrombosis was encountered for age, gender, laterality, location, presenting symptoms, or length or diameter of the stent. CONCLUSIONS: Based on our experience, in-stent restenosis followed by inflow lesions in the common femoral vein are the most common causes of stent thrombosis. These data suggest a need for future research to target these areas.

5.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31676383

RESUMO

Intraosseous (IO) needles are used in patients who are critically ill when it is not possible to obtain venous access. While IO allows for immediate access, IO infusions are associated with complications including fractures, infections, and compartment syndrome. We present a case of an 87-year-old man who developed lower extremity compartment syndrome after receiving an IO needle insertion and had to be treated surgically with fasciotomy to correct the problem.

6.
J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord ; 7(6): 773-780, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471279

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Catheter-directed thrombolysis in the treatment of acute iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis (IFDVT) often requires more than one interventional session to yield successful outcomes. Catheter-directed thrombolysis is generally expensive, requiring prolonged hospital stay that may be associated with increased local and systemic hemorrhagic complications. We developed the fast-track thrombolysis protocol (FTTP) to address these issues. The goal of FTTP is to restore patency during the initial session of thrombolysis, thereby minimizing costs and complications associated with prolonged thrombolysis. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 38 patients treated for acute IFDVT using FTTP at our institution from January 2014 to February 2019 was performed. The protocol includes periadventitial injection of lidocaine at the venipuncture site under ultrasound guidance, contrast venography of the entire target segment, pharmacomechanical rheolytic thrombectomy of the occluded venous segment, tissue plasminogen activator infusion along the occluded segment, balloon maceration of the thrombus, and, if indicated, venous stent placement in areas of significant (≥50%) stenosis refractory to thrombolysis and balloon angioplasty. Once the thrombus was cleared, patients were prescribed oral antithrombotic therapy. RESULTS: Thirty-eight primary FTTPs (45 total interventions) were performed in 38 patients. The median age was 66 years (range, 39-93 years); 60.5% were female. Initial venous access was most often obtained through the popliteal vein, followed by the femoral and great saphenous veins. The mean operative time was 122 minutes (range, 59-249 minutes), and the median volume of tissue plasminogen activator infused was 10 mg (range, 4-20 mg). The median cost per procedure, including devices and medication, was $5374.45. Median postoperative length of stay was 1 day (range, 1-45 days). Successful single-session FTTP, as determined by completion venography, was accomplished in 81.5% (n = 31/38) of cases. The remaining seven cases (18.5%) required one additional session. Of the 38 patients, 30 (79%) required iliac vein stenting. Periprocedural complications consisted of one patient with retroperitoneal hemorrhage that was managed conservatively. No patients experienced rethrombosis within 30 days of FTTP. During the 5-year study period, there were no cases of pulmonary embolism, significant local or systemic hemorrhage, limb loss, or mortality. CONCLUSIONS: FTTP, as presented herein, appears to be a safe, effective, and cost-effective technique in the resolution of acute IFDVT.

7.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 53(7): 558-562, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31327305

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Thrombolytic therapy is widely used in the treatment of arterial occlusions causing acute limb ischemia (ALI); however, knowledge regarding the efficacy of the different catheter systems available is scarce. The objective of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of 2 catheter-directed infusion systems for intra-arterial thrombolysis in the setting of ALI. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted to study all catheter-directed thrombolysis procedures performed over 32 months in patients diagnosed with ALI. Patients with thrombosis in both native arteries and bypass grafts were included. Patients with contraindications to thrombolysis, or those receiving thrombolysis for deep venous thrombosis, were excluded. The duration of thrombolysis, amount of thrombolytic agent, and technical success rate were recorded. Technical success was defined as complete or near-complete resolution of thrombus burden, allowing for further intervention. Data were stratified to include location of thrombus, procedural complications, mortality, and rates of limb loss. RESULTS: Ninety-one patients met inclusion criteria. Among them, Uni-Fuse and EKOS catheters were used in 69 and 22 patients, respectively. The mean age of the population was 71 (standard deviation [SD]: ±1.5) for patients treated with the EKOS catheter and 70 years (SD: ±2.6) for patients receiving thrombolysis with Uni-Fuse. There was no significant difference in the mean infusion duration (1.65 vs 1.9 days), volume of tissue plasminogen activator (44.6 vs 48.2 mg), or technical success rate (72% vs 86%) between the Uni-Fuse and EKOS cohorts (P > .3). Furthermore, there was no difference in major limb loss or compartment syndrome between each group (P > .4). The overall complication rate was 14% in both groups, with a 30-day mortality rate of 4% when treated with either catheter system. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that a standard multi-hole infusion catheter demonstrates similar clinical safety and efficacy as the ultrasound-accelerated EKOS system in the treatment of ALI.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Periférico , Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Isquemia/terapia , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Terapia Trombolítica , Trombose/terapia , Terapia por Ultrassom , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Amputação , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Periférico/instrumentação , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Infusões Parenterais , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Terapia Trombolítica/efeitos adversos , Terapia Trombolítica/instrumentação , Trombose/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Terapia por Ultrassom/efeitos adversos , Terapia por Ultrassom/instrumentação , Dispositivos de Acesso Vascular
8.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 53(6): 488-491, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31159686

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Society for Vascular Surgery (SVS) is a not-for-profit medical society, whose goal is to further advance in vascular health on a global scale. With its 10th anniversary in sight, we were interested in analyzing the impact of a specific scholarship given under the SVS, the International Scholars Program. Our goal was to examine the awardees' characteristics and academic productivity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We measured the number of peer-reviewed articles, before and after the program, using PubMed® and Google Scholar® (2008-2018) of the scholarship recipients. Editorials, book chapters, letter to editor, and oral/poster presentations were excluded. A survey was sent out to assess the awardees' current status. RESULTS: The average number of applicants/year was 15.4 (standard deviation ± 6.69), with 17.5% females and a mean age of 37 ± 3.37 years, with 5.6 ± 2.30 years status post vascular fellowship. Brazil had the highest number of recipients (n = 5; 18.5%) followed by China (n = 4; 14.8%). No significant difference was noted between each country in terms of publications (P = .45), nor with after the SVS scholarship program compared to before (P = .14, 1.84 vs 2.76). The survey concluded 33% had attended a subsequent SVS meeting after the program, with 27% having presented their research (n = 15). The recipients noted the program helped adopt new practices in clinical management (n = 13, 87%), learn new procedures (n = 10, 67%), gain local/regional leadership (n = 9, 60%), and improve technical skills (n = 8, 53%). The most visited clinical sites were Massachusetts General Hospital and Mayo Clinic (n = 4, 27%). The program was given a 9.1/10 rating. CONCLUSION: The program was successful in maintaining academic productivity by continuing to publish research even after the scholarship, while teaching recipients skills to further improve their career goals. The award remains a competitive process that selects highly skilled recipients and still has much growth and progress to look forward to over the next decade.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/organização & administração , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/organização & administração , Bolsas de Estudo/organização & administração , Cooperação Internacional , Organizações sem Fins Lucrativos/organização & administração , Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração , Adulto , Bibliometria , Eficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto
10.
J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord ; 7(5): 665-669, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31176659

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Iliac vein stenting of nonthrombotic iliac vein lesions is an evolving treatment course for management of chronic venous insufficiency. To characterize these lesions, we examined our experience treating these lesions with balloon venoplasty before stenting. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed to study all patients who underwent venograms with venoplasty and stenting of iliac veins from February 2013 to July 2016. All patients included in the study were treated with a trial conservative management for 3 consecutive months before venogram and, if indicated, venoplasty was performed. If a greater than 50% reduction in cross-sectional area or diameter was observed on intravascular ultrasound examination, the stenotic area was treated with balloon angioplasty, sized to nonstenotic distal vein segment (range, 10 × 40 mm to 16 × 60 mm). Intravascular ultrasound examination was also used to measure the area of stenotic iliofemoral veins before and after balloon angioplasty. RESULTS: A total of 1021 venograms with venoplasty and stenting of iliac veins were performed in 713 patients from February 2013 to July 2016. The mean age of the study population age was 64.88 years (range, 21-99 years; standard deviation [SD], 14.57), with 451 female and 262 male patients. Before angioplasty, the mean cross-sectional stenotic area was 67.97 mm2 (range, 6-318 mm2; SD, 34.87). After balloon angioplasty, the mean stenotic area increased to 78.80 (range, 6-334 mm2; SD, 44.50; P < .001). The targeted stenotic areas were categorized into three categories: group A, increased (>10% of baseline before venoplasty); group B, decreased (<10% of baseline), and group C, no area change (±10% of baseline). In 500 limbs (48.9%), the stenotic areas improved after venoplasty (average 36.99%), with a prevenoplasty average area of 60.81 mm2 (SD, 32.80 mm2) and a postvenoplasty average of 96.52 mm2 (SD, 49.85 mm2). In 294 limbs (28.8%), the area decreased (average 28.90%), with a prevenoplasty average area of 76.43 mm2 (SD, 38.80 mm2) and a postvenoplasty average of 53.22 mm2 (SD, 26.61 mm2). There were 227 patients (22.2%) who had the same area before and after venoplasty. Left-sided lesions had a greater increase in area than right-sided lesions (51.3% vs 46.2%, respectively; P = .048). No significant correlation of stenotic area response with age, presenting symptoms of Clinical, Etiology, Anatomy, and Pathophysiology (C2-C6), gender, or location of targeted lesion was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Our data show there is a highly variable response after venoplasty of stenotic area of nonthrombotic iliac vein lesions. Balloon venoplasty showed greater improvement in improving the area of stenotic left-sided lesions. However, stenting of the lesions should be performed routinely owing to recoil and spasm in lesions.

11.
J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord ; 7(4): 522-526, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31203858

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Iliac vein stenting is an evolving treatment option for chronic venous insufficiency and management of nonthrombotic iliac vein lesions (NIVLs). Currently described protocols recommend deployed stents to be dilated with balloon venoplasty before completion of the procedure, based on previous literature established from management of arterial lesions. The objective of the study was to investigate the role of balloon venoplasty after stent deployment in the management of NIVLs. METHODS: During the course of 6 months, 71 balloon venoplasties with stenting of iliac veins (34 right and 37 left limbs) were performed. Intraoperatively, we used intravascular ultrasound to measure and to record area of iliofemoral veins. The measurement of stenosis was compared with adjacent nonstenotic iliofemoral veins. If >50% cross-sectional area or diameter reduction was found, it was treated with an appropriate balloon size (range, 10 × 40 mm to 16 × 60 mm) and Wallstent (Boston Scientific, Natick, Mass; 12-24 mm in diameter by 40-90 in mm length). All stents were dilated with a balloon after deployment. Intravascular ultrasound was used to measure the preoperative area of stenotic lesion, area of lesion after stenting, and area after balloon dilation of the stent. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 65.34 years (range, 36-99 years; standard deviation [SD], ±13.52 years), with 27 female and 20 male patients. The location of the targeted stenosis was the common iliac vein (31), external iliac vein (36), and common femoral vein (4). The mean area of the stenotic lesion was 99.06 mm2 (range, 28-318 mm2; SD, ±45.87 mm2). The mean area after stenting was 151.51 mm2 (range, 28-303 mm2; SD, ±55.82 mm2). The mean area after dilation of the stent was 162.72 mm2 (range, 86-367 mm2; SD, ±51.94 mm2; P = .22). No statistically significant correlation was found between difference in areas and age of the patient, clinical class (C2-C6), sex, lesion, laterality, and location of targeted lesion. One patient developed an intraluminal partial thrombus within 30 days of intervention. CONCLUSIONS: Our preliminary data show no significant clinical or technical benefit with use of balloon venoplasty to dilate stents after deployment in NIVLs. Postdilation should thus be limited to only those with suboptimal self-expansion of stent after initial deployment on fluoroscopic imaging.

13.
J Ultrasound ; 22(4): 433-436, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31069757

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is currently the gold standard in the operative management of carotid artery stenosis. While eversion and patch CEAs vary greatly in technique, various studies have determined equivalence with regard to clinical outcomes. However, the hemodynamic differences following each procedure are not known. This study aimed to investigate any early hemodynamic differences between eversion and patch CEAs. METHODS: All CEAs performed at our institution from March 2012 to June 2018 were aggregated in a retrospective database by querying the 35301 CPT code from the electronic medical record system. Variables collected included gender, age, laterality of CEA, type of procedure, and pre- and post-operative duplex ultrasound (DUS) date and quantitative findings. Exclusion criteria included any procedure with incomplete data, a post-operative DUS > 90 days following the procedure, CEAs with concomitant bypass(es), isolated external carotid artery (ECA) endarterectomies, and re-do CEAs. RESULTS: One hundred and seventy-one CEAs were performed in 161 unique patients. There were 101 males and 60 females, with an average age of 69.7 (38-96; ± 9.36). 63 CEAs were excluded from analysis: 51 due to incomplete data, eight with a > 90 day post-operative DUS, 2 isolated ECA endarterectomies, 1 CEA with a carotid-subclavian bypass, and 1 re-do CEA secondary to an infected patch. Twenty-seven eversion and 81 patch CEAs were included in analysis. There was no difference in procedure laterality or gender between the two cohorts (p > 0.05); however, patients who received an eversion CEA were older on average (73.3 vs 67.5; p = 0.002). Pre-operative peak systolic velocities (PSV) of the proximal internal carotid artery (ICA), distal ICA, and distal common artery (CCA) were all similar (p > 0.05). Post-operative DUS was performed at 17.0 and 12.9 days in the eversion and patch CEA cohorts, respectively (p = 0.12). Post-operative PSV and change in PSV were similar for all three aforementioned segments (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Although eversion and patch CEAs vary greatly in technique and post-procedure anatomy, there was no significant difference in post-operative PSV or change in PSV at or around the carotid bifurcation.

14.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 59: 307.e17-307.e20, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31075475

RESUMO

Vascular complications secondary to acute pancreatitis carry a high morbidity and mortality, often because of their hemorrhagic or thrombotic effects. When thrombosis presents, it is typically localized to the splanchnic venous system. In this report, we present a case of acute superior mesenteric artery thrombosis secondary to necrotizing pancreatitis after a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The patient was successfully treated with catheter-directed thrombolysis and mechanical thrombectomy.


Assuntos
Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/efeitos adversos , Colecistite Aguda/cirurgia , Artéria Mesentérica Superior , Oclusão Vascular Mesentérica/etiologia , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/etiologia , Trombose/etiologia , Colecistite Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Artéria Mesentérica Superior/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão Vascular Mesentérica/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão Vascular Mesentérica/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombectomia/métodos , Terapia Trombolítica/métodos , Trombose/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord ; 7(4): 543-546, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30922984

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: While placement of tunneled dialysis catheters for hemodialysis access is considered a routine procedure, it is associated with a small chance of mechanical complications. Because the literature examining these issues is not recent and our impression of the incidence of these postprocedural complications is at variance with the existing literature, we decided to review our experience. METHODS: Since 1998, our vascular service has placed 1766 tunneled hemodialysis catheters in 1065 patients for hemodialysis access. All catheters were placed with ultrasound guidance for the puncture, with selective use of a micropuncture set for patients with low-volume status. All patients underwent chest radiography at the end of each procedure. RESULTS: The average age of the patients was 61 ± 21 (standard deviation) years. Among the 1065 patients, 44% were female; 93% of catheters were placed in the right internal jugular vein and 7% in the left internal jugular vein. The prevalence of diabetes and hypertension in our population of patients was 52% and 72%, respectively. In this consecutive series, no case of postprocedure hemothorax or pneumothorax was encountered. Two cutdowns had to be performed because of injury to branches of the external carotid artery. Three patients had to have a subsequent revision because of malpositioning of the catheter. CONCLUSIONS: Using modern-day techniques, the incidence of mechanical complications during placement of tunneled catheters can be diminished. Hence, routine use of ultrasound guidance for insertion of tunneled dialysis catheters should become the standard of care.

17.
J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord ; 6(4): 457-463, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29909853

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Midterm patency results of iliac vein stents placed for nonthrombotic iliac vein lesions (NIVLs) are not widely known. Previously published studies involving large series of patients with iliac vein stent placement have failed to clearly demonstrate the outcomes for patients with NIVLs and advanced disease. To further study this issue, we reviewed our series of 268 iliac vein stents placed for NIVLs. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was performed of 210 patients who underwent common or external iliac vein angioplasty and stent placement procedures between January 2013 and December 2014. Only patients with Clinical, Etiology, Anatomy, and Pathophysiology classification scores of C3, C4, or C5 were included. Patients were excluded if they had either active ulcer disease or signs of post-thrombotic lesions at initial venography or intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). Ultrasound-guided puncture was performed of the femoral or common femoral vein at the discretion of the surgeon. This was followed by ascending venography. IVUS was used in cases in which a definite stenosis was not appreciated on initial ascending venography. Balloon angioplasty and stents were applied across lesions. After the procedure, patients were instructed to use clopidogrel 75 mg daily. Patency of the stents was assessed during a follow-up visit with abdominal venous duplex ultrasound scans. The length of the patients' follow-up and stent patency rates were based on the last previous duplex ultrasound scan available. RESULTS: A total of 268 procedures were performed in 210 patients. Bilateral lower extremity stent placements were required in 58 patients; 173 (64.6%) procedures were performed in women. The average age of our patients was 72 ± 15 (standard deviation) years. Of the 268 procedures, 144 (53.7%) were performed in the left lower extremity. The Clinical, Etiology, Anatomy, and Pathophysiology classification of lower extremity venous disease was 58%, 30%, and 12% for C3, C4, and C5, respectively. Our average follow-up period was 437 days (median, 499 days; range, 1-1060 days). Patients were observed for >6 months, 1 year, and 2 years in 71.3%, 57.1%, and 28.7% of cases, respectively. During this period, 4 of the 268 (1.5%) limbs experienced in-stent thrombosis. Primary stent patency of 98.7%, 98.3%, and 97.9% was noted at 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years of follow-up, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our midterm patency rates for iliac vein stents placed in patients with advanced chronic venous disease demonstrated excellent (98.5%) results. Furthermore, with IVUS assistance, we have clearly documented the average area of iliac venous segments as well as the most common locations of the stenoses.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Veia Ilíaca/fisiopatologia , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/terapia , Stents , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Doença Crônica , Constrição Patológica , Feminino , Humanos , Veia Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/fisiopatologia , Flebografia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Trombose Venosa/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
18.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 52: 163-167, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29777843

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Iliac vein stenting is increasingly being used in the treatment of chronic venous insufficiency caused by nonthrombotic iliac vein lesions (NIVL). We have noticed that many stents do not deploy to the expected stent area (ESA) as designated by the manufactured stent diameter (MSD). The purpose of this study was to identify factors predictive of Wallstent® underexpansion in the iliocaval venous system. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all patients with NIVL who were treated with iliac vein stenting using Wallstents® was performed. None of the patients in this study underwent pre-or post-stenting balloon angioplasty. Multiway analysis of variance and multiple linear regression analysis were performed to examine the effects of gender, age, stent laterality, location of stenosis, and CEAP (clinical, etiology, anatomy, and pathophysiology) score at presentation on the proportion of observed stent area (OSA) to ESA. RESULTS: Two-hundred three patients (64 male and 139 female; mean age: 68 ± 13.9 years) underwent 242 treatments between December 2012 and January 2016. Disease severity based on CEAP score were: C1 (0), C2 (0), C3 (n = 59, 24%), C4 (n = 148, 61%), C5 (n = 4, 2%), and C6 (n = 31, 13%). On average, stents deployed to 69.58% of the ESA (range, 23.87­123.35%). Multiple linear regression analysis showed a significant negative correlation between increasing MSD and ESA achieved. Regression coefficients for differences in percent difference between ESA and OSA based on MSD were as follows: 16 mm (−15.0, P = 0.1519), 18 mm (−21.0, P = 0.0077), 20 mm (−23.2, P = 0.0059), and 20­22 mm (−35.3, P < 0.0001). No significant difference in stent underexpansion was detected based on gender, age, stent laterality, location of stenosis, or CEAP score. CONCLUSIONS: Larger MSD is associated with greater magnitude of stent underexpansion. These findings may have implications for future venous stent designing.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Veia Ilíaca , Falha de Prótese , Stents , Insuficiência Venosa/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Doença Crônica , Constrição Patológica , Feminino , Humanos , Veia Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Ilíaca/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Insuficiência Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Venosa/fisiopatologia
19.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 52: 158-162, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29777845

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endovenous thermal ablation in the form of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) or endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) has quickly ascended to a prime position in the treatment of venous insufficiency. Although there are good data examining the rates of thrombotic complications, there is a relative paucity of data examining the recanalization rates after endovenous thermal ablation (ETA). METHODS: Data analysis was performed for 1475 thermal ablations in 485 patients from 2012 to 2015 as a retrospective chart review. RFA was performed in 1027 patients and EVLA in 448 patients. The target veins included the great saphenous vein (GSV) (778), short saphenous vein (SSV) (401), accessory saphenous vein (ASV) (140), and perforator veins (PV) (156). Data were collected from follow-up visit within 1 week of procedure, every 3 months for the first year, and every 6 months thereafter. Recurrence was defined as >500 ms for the GSV, SSV, and ASV and as >350 ms for the PV. Data for recanalization were also correlated with age, gender, laterality, presenting symptoms, and treated targeted vein. RESULTS: The average age of the study population was 64.7 years (SD ± 15.6) with 66% women and 326 bilateral veins. At 1-week follow-up, women (2.6%) had higher recanalization rate (P = 0.018). Failure rate of obliteration for GSV and SSV were 0.8% and 0.8%, respectively (P = 0.98). PV had the highest failure rate (16.6%), followed by ASV (2.9%) (P < 0.001). At mean follow-up after 13.5 ± 12 months, PV (41.2%) and ASV (14.85) had higher recanalization rate than GSV (7.7%) and SSV (8.5%) (P < 0.001). Excluding PVs, no difference with recurrence rates between RFA (10%) and EVLA (8.8%) was observed at 1-week and 1-year follow-ups (P = 0.54). Also, 56% of patients with recanalization were symptomatic. Among these 1475 procedures, redo for recurrent symptoms were performed in 76. At 1 week, there was no difference between nonrepeated (92.7%) and repeated procedures (89.5%) (P = 0.41). However, 1 year later, there was significant difference between obliteration rate in nonrepeated (86.9%) and repeated (76.3%) procedures (P = 0.014). CONCLUSIONS: These data do suggest low overall rates of recanalization after thermal ablation of the GSV and SSV. However, at 1-year follow-up, accessory veins had almost twice the recurrence rate as compared with GSV and SSV, and PV had almost 5 times the recurrence rate. There was no significant difference between RFA and EVLA in recanalization rates. Redo procedures in recanalized veins after venous ablation are effective with a success rate at 76.5%.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Terapia a Laser , Veia Safena/cirurgia , Insuficiência Venosa/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Terapia a Laser/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Veia Safena/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Falha de Tratamento , Insuficiência Venosa/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Venosa/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
20.
J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord ; 6(5): 621-625, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29678685

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is increasingly being employed for treatment of perforator vein insufficiency and venous ulcer healing. Previous studies have shown a closure rate of 60% to 80% in incompetent perforator veins (IPVs) with RFA. The purpose of the study was to determine the utility of a redo RFA for symptomatic recanalized perforators and to predict factors associated with recanalization. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 642 procedures in 256 patients with venous insufficiency due to IPVs from 2009 to 2015 was conducted. All 642 procedures were performed using RFA in patients who failed to respond to initial conservative management. Postoperative duplex ultrasound scans were performed within 3 to 7 days. Successful obliteration was defined as lack of color flow on postoperative scan. Recanalization was defined as presence of reflux on duplex ultrasound in symptomatic patients in the targeted vessel at follow-up. Follow-ups were conducted every 3 months in the first year and every 6 months thereafter. RESULTS: Among the 642 procedures, redo ablation was performed in 52 IPVs (29 patients, 37 extremities) including 14 women, with mean age of 65 years (standard deviation [SD], ±15 years). The Clinical, Etiology, Anatomy, and Pathophysiology class of the patients was as follows: C1, 0; C2, 0; C3, 3; C4a, 11; C4b, 7; C5, 0; and C6, 16. The distribution of the targeted IPVs included the calf (40) and ankle (12). The mean maximum diameter of the targeted veins was 4.6 mm (SD, ±1.1 mm). The initial technical success rate was 64.9%. Redo procedures had an early closure rate of 67.3%. At follow-up after a mean duration of 24 months (SD, ±16.8 months), the closure rate was 65.38%. No clinical correlation was found between successful obliteration in the redo procedure and age (P = .54), sex (P = .14), clinical class (P = .82), laterality (P = .84), or location of the vein (P = .54). When data were compared to predict factors associated with a redo procedure, IPVs located in mid and distal calf areas tended to recanalize more compared with the ankle (P = .04). Temperature of the radiofrequency stylet also showed a linear association, with patients treated at 85°C having higher probability of recanalization compared with patients treated at 90°C and 95°C (P = .01). CONCLUSIONS: The rates of successful closure for IPVs on initial and redo procedures are comparable. The data validate the utility of performing redo perforator ablations and suggest that temperature of the radiofrequency stylet and location of the IPVs may be predictive of a successful outcome or recanalization.


Assuntos
Ablação por Radiofrequência , Úlcera Varicosa/cirurgia , Insuficiência Venosa/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Perna (Membro)/irrigação sanguínea , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Veia Safena/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Safena/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia Doppler Dupla , Úlcera Varicosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem
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