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RSC Adv ; 11(12): 6667-6681, 2021 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35423191


Extensive effort has been focused on the advancement of an efficient catalyst for CO2 reforming of CH4 to achieve optimum catalytic activity together with cost-effectiveness and high resistance to catalyst deactivation. In this study, for the first time, a new catalytic support/catalyst system of bifunctional NiO/dolomite has been synthesized by a wet impregnation method using low-cost materials, and it shows unique performance in terms of amphoteric sites and self-reduction properties. The catalysts were loaded into a continuous micro-reactor equipped with an online GC-TCD system. The reaction was carried out with a gas mixture consisting of CH4 and CO2 in the ratio of 1 : 1 flowing 30 ml min-1 at 800 °C for 10 h. The physicochemical properties of the synthesized catalysts were determined by various methods including X-ray diffraction (XRD), N2 adsorption-desorption, H2 temperature-programmed reduction (H2-TPR), temperature-programmed desorption of CO2 (TPD-CO2), and temperature-programmed desorption of NH3 (TPD-NH3). The highest catalytic performance of the DRM reaction was shown by the 10% NiO/dolomite catalyst (CH4 & CO2 conversion, χCH4; χCO2 ∼ 98% and H2 selectivity, S H2 = 75%; H2/CO ∼ 1 : 1 respectively). Bifunctional properties of amphoteric sites on the catalyst and self-reduction behaviour of the NiO/dolomite catalyst improved dry reforming of the CH4 process by enhancing CH4 and CO2 conversion without involving a catalyst reduction step, and the catalyst was constantly active for more than 10 h.

RSC Adv ; 10(61): 37218-37232, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35521277


In this work, the catalytic deoxygenation of waste cooking oil (WCO) over acid-base bifunctional catalysts (NiLa, NiCe, NiFe, NiMn, NiZn, and NiW) supported on activated carbon (AC) was investigated. A high hydrocarbon yield above 60% with lower oxygenated species was found in the liquid product, with the product being selective toward n-(C15 + C17)-diesel fractions. The predominance of n-(C15 + C17) hydrocarbons with the concurrent production of CO and CO2, indicated that the deoxygenation pathway proceeded via decarbonylation and decarboxylation mechanisms. High deoxygenation activity with better n-(C15 + C17) selectivity over NiLa/AC exposed the great synergistic interaction between La and Ni, and the compatibility of the acid-base sites increased the removal of oxygenated species. The effect of La on the deoxygenation reaction performance was investigated and it was found that a high percentage of La species would be beneficial for the removal of C-O bonded species. The optimum deoxygenation activity of 88% hydrocarbon yield with 75% n-(C15 + C17) selectivity was obtained over 20% of La, which strongly evinced that La leads to a greater enhancement of the deoxygenation activity. The NiLa/AC reusability study showed consistent deoxygenation reactions with 80% hydrocarbon yield and 60% n-(C15 + C17) hydrocarbon selectivity within 6 runs.