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1.
Prog Orthod ; 21(1): 29, 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32864724

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review was to identify, evaluate, and provide a current literature about the influence of heritability on the determination of occlusal traits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MEDLINE, SCOPUS, Web of Science, LILACS, and Google Scholar were searched without restrictions up to March 2020. Studies with twin method were considered and the risk of bias assessment was performed using quality of genetic association studies checklist (Q-Genie). The coefficient of heritability (h2), model-fitting approaches, and coefficient correlation were used to estimate the genetic/environmental influence on occlusal traits. The GRADE tool was used to assess the quality of the evidence. RESULTS: Ten studies met the eligibility criteria. Three studies presented good quality, five moderate quality, and two poor quality. Most studies have found that the intra-arch traits, mainly the maxillary arch morphology, such as width (h2 16-100%), length (h2 42-100%), and shape (h2 42-90%), and the crowding, mainly for mandibular arch (h2 35-81%), are under potential heritability influence. The traits concerning the inter-arch relationship, as overjet, overbite, posterior crossbite, and sagittal molar relation, seem not to be genetically determined. The certainty of the evidence was graded as low for all outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Although weak, the available evidence show that the heritability factors are determinant for the intra-arch traits, namely, arch morphology and crowding. Possibly due they are functionally related, the occlusal traits concerning the maxillary and mandibular relationship seem to have environmental factors as determinants. In this scenario, early preventive approaches can offer a more effective and efficient orthodontic treatment.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II , Má Oclusão , Sobremordida , Humanos , Mandíbula , Maxila
2.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e065, 2020 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609234

RESUMO

This study aimed to determine the incidence of mandibular third molar (M3) impaction after orthodontic treatment by edgewise appliances, and identify possible determinant factors of M3 impaction. A retrospective cohort study was conducted with 1154 patients. Complete orthodontic records were analyzed pretreatment and posttreatment, considering the following variables: type of Angle malocclusion, treatment with or without extraction of first premolars, overbite, stage of dentition, M3 prior angulation and duration of orthodontic treatment. Impaction was determined after radiographic evidence of total closure of the root apex. The chi-square test and Poisson regression (p < 0.05) were used for statistical analysis with a hierarchical approach. Rate ratios (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Mandibular M3 impaction incidence was 17%. Overbite equal to or greater than 4 mm (RR = 1.23, 95%CI: 1.11-1.26, p < 0.001), prior mesial angulation of M3 (RR = 0.59, 95%CI: 0.52-0.68, p < 0.001), non-extraction of first premolars (RR=1.06, 95%CI: 1.01-1.12, P=0.019) and orthodontic treatment time equal to or less than three years (RR = 0.94. 95%CI: 0.90-0.99, p < 0.014) were significantly associated with impacted M3. There was no correlation between the type of Angle malocclusion and the risk of impaction. In conclusion, the incidence of mandibular M3 impaction was considered low. The main pretreatment factors directly involved in impaction were mesioangulation of M3 and overbite equal to or greater than 4 mm. Orthodontic treatment with extraction of first premolars and treatment time greater than 3 years reduce the risk of impaction.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Dente Impactado , Dente Pré-Molar , Humanos , Mandíbula , Dente Serotino , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Orthod Craniofac Res ; 2020 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32390332

RESUMO

To systematically review the effects of functional appliances (FA) using incremental vs maximal mandibular advancement regarding cephalometric measurements in class II malocclusion individuals and to assess patient-centred-outcomes. Six electronic databases were searched without restrictions up to April 2020. We included randomized and non-randomized controlled trials using identical FA. Trials involving participants who used adjunct appliances, inter-maxillary elastics, who received surgical treatment or that recruited individuals with cleft lip/palate or craniofacial deformity/syndrome were excluded. Risks of bias assessments were performed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool-2 and ROBINS-I tools. Mean differences (MD) with their 95% confidence intervals were calculated from random-effects meta-analyses. The GRADE tool was used to assess the certainty of the evidence. Six studies were included. Low to very low certainty of evidence indicated that incremental mandibular advancement resulted in greater gains in mandibular length (MD = 0.89 [0.38, 1.34], P = .0005), anterior mandibular displacement (MD = 0.73 [0.40, 1.06], P < .0001) and SNB angle (MD = 0.44 [0.02, 0.85], P = .04). No significant differences were found for maxillary, dento-alveolar and upper airway outcomes between construction bite protocols (P > .05). Study design and appliance-related factors influenced the results of the subgroup analyses. Existing evidence is inadequate to assess patient-related response and long-term outcome could not be assessed. Currently, there are a heterogeneous number of studies with low quality and methodological issues can lead to biases that strongly limit an evidence-based conclusion. Weak evidence suggests gains in mandibular skeletal parameters in the short term using FA with incremental mandibular advancement. Randomized trials evaluating key topics such as patient-centred outcomes need to be conducted to guide clinical management. PROSPERO (CRD42019147436).

4.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 151(6): 399-406, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32450978

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dental features have been considered a potential target of verbal bullying (VB) among school-aged children. The authors conducted a study to investigate the association between the presence of oral disorders and the occurrence of VB among 8- through 10-year-old school-aged children. METHODS: The study included 445 school-aged children 8 through 10 years old. VB was verified by a specific validated question from the Child Perceptions Questionnaire 8-10 index. Oral disorders such as untreated caries, fluorosis, clinical consequences of untreated caries, and malocclusion were evaluated. The Pearson χ2 test and bivariate and multivariate conditional logistic regression analyses were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: A total of 390 school-aged children completed the study. The results of the multivariate logistic regression model showed that a severe malocclusion (odds ratio [OR], 2.29; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.03 to 5.10), a greater maxillary misalignment (OR, 2.23; 95% CI, 1.05 to 4.73), and the presence of a tooth with pulp exposure (OR, 2.93; 95% CI, 1.58 to 5.45) were significantly associated with the occurrence of VB. CONCLUSION: Children aged 8 through 10 years with a severe malocclusion, larger maxillary misalignment, or the presence of pulp exposure had increased odds of experiencing VB compared with children without those oral health conditions. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Once oral disorders involved in VB are identified, appropriate approaches should be used to address this issue. With this course of action, oral health care professionals may use the treatment and preventive care to eliminate potential factors for peer aggression.


Assuntos
Bullying , Cárie Dentária , Brasil , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Prevalência , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 157(4): 454-465.e1, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32241352

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this systematic review was to identify, evaluate, and provide a synthesis of the available literature on the effects of lip bumper (LB) therapy on the mandibular dental arch of children and adolescents. METHODS: MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and Lilacs were systematically searched without restrictions up to May 2019. Risk-of-bias assessment was performed using Cochrane's tool for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and the Risk of Bias in Nonrandomized Studies of Interventions tool for non-RCTs. The Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation tool was used to assess the quality of the evidence. RESULTS: After examination of the full texts, 6 studies were included. One RCT presented unclear risk of bias, and 5 non-RCTs presented serious to moderate risk of bias. LB therapy resulted in a buccal inclination of the incisors, distalization of the permanent first molars, and distal inclination of the permanent first molars, which increased perimeter and arch length. An increase in the arch width with greater gain in the interpremolar and/or deciduous molar distance and less gain in intercanine and intermolar distances was also reported. LB therapy increased the risk of second molar impaction with inclination >30° and the risk of ectopic eruption when treatment time was >2 years. The level of the evidence was graded as very low for variable arch length and second molar eruption disturbances. All other outcomes were graded as having low level of evidence. CONCLUSIONS: Owing to the low level of certainty identified, the conclusions should be considered cautiously. Increase in arch perimeter and width was attributed to the proclination of the incisors, buccalization of the deciduous molar and premolar areas, and distal inclination of the molars. However, there was an increased chance of impaction and ectopic eruption of permanent second molar after treatment with LB.


Assuntos
Lábio , Aparelhos Ortodônticos , Adolescente , Cefalometria , Criança , Arco Dental , Humanos , Mandíbula , Dente Molar
7.
Arch Oral Biol ; 110: 104597, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31739076

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To systematically review and evaluate what is known regarding contemporary biological therapy capable of accelerating orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) in animal model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MedLine, Scopus, Web of Science and OpenGrey were searched without restrictions until June 2019. Following study retrieval and selection, relevant data was extracted using a standardized table. Risk of bias (RoB) assessment was performed using the Systematic Review Centre for Laboratory Animal Experimentation (SYRCLE) tool. RESULTS: Fifty-one animal studies were included. Two biological therapies were identified as capable of accelerating the OTM: chemical methods (49 studies) and gene therapy (2 studies). The main substances that increased the OTM rate were cytokines (13 studies), followed by growth factors (6 studies) and hormones (5 studies). Most studies were assessed to be at unclear or high RoB. The application protocols, measurement and reporting of outcomes varied widely and methodologies were not adequately reported. CONCLUSIONS: Although biological therapies to accelerate OTM have been widely tested and effective in preclinical studies, the validity of the evidence is flawed to support translational of these results. There is a need for well-designed experimental studies to translate these methods for clinical field.


Assuntos
Terapia Biológica , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Proteômica
8.
Arq. odontol ; 56: 1-8, jan.-dez. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1087998

RESUMO

Aim: This study assessed whether the presence of malocclusion had a negative impact on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of eight to ten-year-old children of low socioeconomic status. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a total of 111 children, eight to ten years of age, randomly selected from public schools from Diamantina, MG, Brazil. The number of children was determined by a sample size calculation. Two calibrated examiners performed clinical oral examinations for the diagnosis of malocclusion, dental caries experience, and traumatic dental injuries following the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI), the World Health Organization (WHO), and Andreasen's classification, respectively. The Brazilian version of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ8-10) was applied to evaluate the OHRQoL. Descriptive and bivariate (p < 0.05) analyses were also performed. Results: Children had a mean age of 8.89 ± 0.82 years, of which 52.3% were female. The prevalence of malocclusion was 62.2%. Significant differences were found in emotional (p = 0.045) and social (p = 0.017) well-being subscale scores as well as in the total CPQ8-10 (p = 0.022) scores between children with and without malocclusion. Conclusion: The presence of malocclusion negatively impacted the OHRQoL of children aged eight to ten years of age of a low socioeconomic status.


Objetivo: Este estudo avaliou se a presença de maloclusão impactou negativamente a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal (QVRSB) de crianças de oito a dez anos de idade de baixo nível socioeconômico.Métodos: Um estudo transversal foi conduzido com um total de 111 crianças de oito a dez anos de idade selecionadas aleatoriamente em escolas públicas de Diamantina, Brasil. O número de crianças foi determinado por cálculo amostral. Dois examinadores calibrados realizaram exames clínicos bucais para o diagnóstico de maloclusão, experiência de cárie dentária e lesões dentárias traumáticas após o Índice de Estética Dental (DAI), Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS) e classificação de Andreasen, respectivamente. A versão brasileira do Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ8-10) foi aplicada para avaliar a QVRSB. Foram realizadas análises descritivas e bivariadas (p < 0,05). Resultados: As crianças tinham média de idade de 8,89 ± 0,82 anos, sendo 52,3% do sexo feminino. A prevalência de maloclusão foi de 62,2%. Foram encontradas diferenças significativas nos escores das subescalas de bem-estar emocional (p = 0,045) e social (p = 0,017), como também nos escores totais do CPQ8-10 (p = 0,022) entre crianças com e sem maloclusão. Conclusão: A presença de maloclusão impactou negativamente a QVRSB de crianças de oito a dez anos de idade de baixo nível socioeconômico.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Classe Social , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Criança , Odontopediatria , Impactos na Saúde , Má Oclusão , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Cárie Dentária
9.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 156(3): 303-311, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474260

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: One of the goals of malocclusion treatment is to improve the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of patients. The aim of this trial was to assess the OHRQoL of children before, during, and after anterior open bite (AOB) correction, compared with nontreated children, in a 2-arm parallel single-blind randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Eighty children with AOB aged 8-10 years were randomly assigned to 2 groups (n = 40 each): a group treated with the use of fixed palatal crib (FPC; TG) and a control group (nontreated; CG). Randomization was performed with the use of BioEstat software. The outcome (OHRQoL) was assessed with the use of the validated Brazilian Portuguese version of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ8-10) applied before (baseline, phase 1), 3 months after FPC placement (phase 2), and 1 month after FPC removal (phase 3) in the TG. In the CG, CPQ8-10 was applied at baseline (phase 1), 3 months (phase 2), and 12 months (phase 3). Data were analyzed by means of a blinded statistic with the use of Friedman, Wilcoxon, and Mann-Whitney tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: All participants finished the RCT, and demographic characteristics were similar between groups. In phase 1, the TG had lower scores for the "social well-being" domain (P = 0.02). In phase 2, the CG had higher scores than the TG for the "emotional well-being" and "social well-being" domains, but the opposite was observed for "oral symptoms" and "functional limitations" (P < 0.001). In phase 3, the TG showed a lower impact on OHRQoL than the CG in all domains and in the overall score (P < 0.001). In the 3 phases, the CG showed progressive increase (mean scores 70.37, 74.70, and 84.22, respectively; P < 0.001) and the TG a decrease (mean scores 70.20, 70.80, and 6.05, respectively; P < 0.001) in overall scores. The increase of scores in the CG was considered to represent a serious harm. CONCLUSIONS: Correction of AOB had a positive impact and failure to correct it had a negative impact on the OHRQoL of children. REGISTRATION: This trial was not registered. PROTOCOL: The protocol was not published before trial commencement.


Assuntos
Mordida Aberta/psicologia , Mordida Aberta/terapia , Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Brasil , Criança , Estética Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Má Oclusão/complicações , Ortodontia Corretiva , Método Simples-Cego , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(7): 2609-2616, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340278

RESUMO

Physical abuse of children is defined as any non-accidental injury or omission of their caregivers that causes risk to the child's integrity. This study aimed to evaluate whether health professionals perceive and report physical abuse in children/adolescents. A total of 62 health professionals (dentists, physicians and nurses) from Diamantina/MG who attend to children and adolescents answered a questionnaire. The collected variables were related to the identification of abuse; denunciation to the authorities and difficulties in making the complaint. Frequency analysis, chi-square test and content analysis were performed. All professionals had identified and reported the occurrence of physical abuse in children/adolescents. Significant association was observed between the specialty of the professional and the recognition of abuse as well as denunciation to the authorities. The main difficulties presented to denounce the cases to the authorities were lack of knowledge in identifying the abuse and how to make the complaint. Most participants expressed that they would like to receive training in identifying and reporting abuse. Health professionals perceive child abuse, and physicians are the ones who most report the cases.


Assuntos
Maus-Tratos Infantis/estatística & dados numéricos , Odontólogos/estatística & dados numéricos , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Brasil , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Notificação de Abuso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(7): 2609-2616, jul. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011823

RESUMO

Resumo O abuso físico de crianças é definido como qualquer ferida não acidental ou omissão dos seus responsáveis que cause risco à sua integridade. Este estudo objetivou avaliar se profissionais de saúde percebem e denunciam o abuso físico em crianças/adolescentes. Um total de 62 profissionais de saúde (odontólogos, médicos e enfermeiros) de Diamantina/MG, que realizam atendimento a crianças e adolescentes, responderam a um questionário. As variáveis coletadas foram relacionadas à identificação de abuso; denúncia às autoridades e dificuldades para a realização da denúncia. Realizou-se análise de frequência, teste do qui-quadrado e análise de conteúdo. Todos os profissionais relataram ter identificado e denunciado a ocorrência de abuso físico em crianças/adolescentes. Associação significativa foi observada entre a especialidade do profissional e o reconhecimento de abuso, bem como a realização de denúncia às autoridades. As principais dificuldades apresentadas para denunciar os casos às autoridades foram: falta de conhecimento na identificação do abuso e em como realizar a denúncia. A maioria dos participantes gostaria de receber treinamento para identificação e denúncia de abuso. Os profissionais de saúde percebem o abuso infantil, sendo os médicos aqueles que mais denunciam os casos.


Abstract Physical abuse of children is defined as any non-accidental injury or omission of their caregivers that causes risk to the child's integrity. This study aimed to evaluate whether health professionals perceive and report physical abuse in children/adolescents. A total of 62 health professionals (dentists, physicians and nurses) from Diamantina/MG who attend to children and adolescents answered a questionnaire. The collected variables were related to the identification of abuse; denunciation to the authorities and difficulties in making the complaint. Frequency analysis, chi-square test and content analysis were performed. All professionals had identified and reported the occurrence of physical abuse in children/adolescents. Significant association was observed between the specialty of the professional and the recognition of abuse as well as denunciation to the authorities. The main difficulties presented to denounce the cases to the authorities were lack of knowledge in identifying the abuse and how to make the complaint. Most participants expressed that they would like to receive training in identifying and reporting abuse. Health professionals perceive child abuse, and physicians are the ones who most report the cases.

12.
Dent Traumatol ; 35(2): 95-100, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30501002

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Occlusal features may increase the risk of dental trauma. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between occlusal characteristics and the occurrence of dental trauma in preschool children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A population-based case-control study was conducted with a representative sample of 200 children 3-5 years of age enrolled at private and public preschools in the city of Diamantina, Brazil. The case and control groups were matched for gender, age and type of preschool (public or private) at a ratio of 1:1 (100 cases and 100 controls). Independent variables of interest to the study (occlusal characteristics) and potential confounders (sociodemographic characteristics, sucking habits and lip coverage) were investigated. Intra-examiner and inter-examiner kappa values were higher than 0.80 for all oral conditions evaluated. The SPSS 22.0 program was used to analyse the data. Descriptive and univariate analyses as well as simple and multiple logistic regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: The occlusal feature most strongly associated with trauma was anterior open bite (OR = 3.80; 95% CI: 1.42-10.16). Maxillary anterior crowding (OR = 2.14, 95% CI: 1.00-4.63) and overjet (OR = 1.12, 95% CI: 0.58-2.17) were associated with the occurrence of trauma independently of the confounding variables (sociodemographic characteristics, sucking habits and lip coverage), but these variables lost their significance when adjusted for other types of malocclusion. Anterior open bite remained strongly associated with dental trauma, regardless of confounding variables and other types of malocclusion. CONCLUSION: Anterior open bite was the main variable associated with dental trauma in the preschool children analysed independently of the confounding variables and the presence of other malocclusions.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão/complicações , Sobremordida , Traumatismos Dentários/complicações , Brasil , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Má Oclusão/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
13.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 23(1): 71-78, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29791690

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of two early treatment protocols for anterior dental crossbite on children's quality of life. METHODS: Thirty children, 8 to 10 years of age, with anterior dental crossbite, participated in this study. Individuals were divided into two groups: Group 1 - 15 children undergoing treatment with an upper removable appliance with digital springs; Group 2 - 15 children undergoing treatment with resin-reinforced glass ionomer cement bite pads on the lower first molars. Quality of life was evaluated using the Brazilian version of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ8-10), which contains four subscales: oral symptoms (OS), functional limitations (FL), emotional well-being (EW), and social well-being (SW). A higher score denotes a greater negative impact on children's quality of life. Children answered the questionnaire before treatment (T1) and twelve months after orthodontic treatment onset (T2). Descriptive statistics, the Wilcoxon test and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) were performed. RESULTS: Children's mean age was 9.07 ± 0.79 years in Group 1 and 9.00 ± 0.84 years in Group 2. For Group 1, the FL and EW subscale scores and the overall CPQ8-10 were significantly higher in T1 as compared to T2 (p= 0.004, p= 0.012 and p= 0.015, respectively). For Group 2, there were no statistically significant differences. The ANCOVA showed no significant difference regarding quality of life at T2 between groups, after controlling for quality of life measures at T1. CONCLUSIONS: The difference regarding the impact on quality of life between groups is not related to the protocol used.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão/terapia , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Fixos , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Removíveis , Qualidade de Vida , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/instrumentação , Análise de Variância , Brasil , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Desenho de Aparelho Ortodôntico , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 23(1): 71-78, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-891122

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the impact of two early treatment protocols for anterior dental crossbite on children's quality of life. Methods: Thirty children, 8 to 10 years of age, with anterior dental crossbite, participated in this study. Individuals were divided into two groups: Group 1 - 15 children undergoing treatment with an upper removable appliance with digital springs; Group 2 - 15 children undergoing treatment with resin-reinforced glass ionomer cement bite pads on the lower first molars. Quality of life was evaluated using the Brazilian version of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ8-10), which contains four subscales: oral symptoms (OS), functional limitations (FL), emotional well-being (EW), and social well-being (SW). A higher score denotes a greater negative impact on children's quality of life. Children answered the questionnaire before treatment (T1) and twelve months after orthodontic treatment onset (T2). Descriptive statistics, the Wilcoxon test and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) were performed. Results: Children's mean age was 9.07 ± 0.79 years in Group 1 and 9.00 ± 0.84 years in Group 2. For Group 1, the FL and EW subscale scores and the overall CPQ8-10 were significantly higher in T1 as compared to T2 (p= 0.004, p= 0.012 and p= 0.015, respectively). For Group 2, there were no statistically significant differences. The ANCOVA showed no significant difference regarding quality of life at T2 between groups, after controlling for quality of life measures at T1. Conclusions: The difference regarding the impact on quality of life between groups is not related to the protocol used.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar o impacto de dois protocolos de tratamento precoce para a mordida cruzada anterior dentária na qualidade de vida de crianças. Métodos: trinta crianças de 8 a 10 anos de idade com mordida cruzada anterior dentária participaram desse estudo. Os indivíduos foram divididos em dois grupos: Grupo 1 - 15 crianças em tratamento com aparelho removível superior com molas digitais; Grupo 2 - 15 crianças em tratamento com batentes de cimento de ionômero de vidro resinoso nos primeiros molares permanentes inferiores. A qualidade de vida foi avaliada por meio da versão brasileira do Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ8-10), o qual contém quatro subescalas: sintomas bucais (SB), limitações funcionais (LF), bem-estar emocional (BE) e bem-estar social (BS). Um escore mais alto indica um impacto mais negativo na qualidade de vida. As crianças responderam ao questionário antes do tratamento (T1) e 12 meses após o início do tratamento ortodôntico (T2). Estatística descritiva, o teste Wilcoxon e análise de covariância (ANCOVA) foram realizados. Resultados: a média de idade das crianças foi de 9,07 ± 0,79 anos no Grupo 1 e de 9,00 ± 0,84 no Grupo 2. Para o Grupo 1, os escores das subescalas LF e BE e o escore total do CPQ8-10 foram significativamente maiores em T1 do que em T2 (p= 0,004, p= 0,012 e p= 0,015, respectivamente). Para o Grupo 2, não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa. A ANCOVA não mostrou diferença significativa entre os grupos em relação à qualidade de vida em T2, após o controle para as medidas de qualidade de vida em T1. Conclusões: a diferença em relação ao impacto na qualidade de vida entre os grupos não foi relacionada ao protocolo de tratamento utilizado.

15.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; 58(11): 1937-1942, 2018 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28152316

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to determine the effects of n-3 ingestion on periodontal disease. Besides, we also investigated the relationship between plasma concentrations of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and/or aracdonic acid (AA), and periodontal disease. An electronic search was performed in several databases with the following keywords: "n-3," DHA, EPA and polynsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in combination with the term "periodontal disease" (PD). Only studies conducted with humans, involving clinical parameters of PD assessment and use of n-3 were selected, without restriction to the date of publication. The search has returned 1368 articles, 11 of which were selected. The results were separated according to the type of n-3 ingestion: supplementation or n-3 content in normal diet. In the studies where n-3 has been supplemented, there was no significant difference in the clinical severity of PD compared to the control subjects. However, in patients where levels of n-3 were evaluated in a usual diet, a lower disease severity was reported. We have detected a preventive effect related to plasma levels of EPA and DHA against PD progression. Thus, n-3 ingestion may beneficially interfere in PD progression, depending on the duration and dosage of consumption.


Assuntos
Dieta , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/administração & dosagem , Doenças Periodontais/prevenção & controle , Suplementos Nutricionais , Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos/administração & dosagem , Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos/sangue , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ácido Eicosapentaenoico/administração & dosagem , Ácido Eicosapentaenoico/sangue , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/sangue , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
16.
Braz Oral Res ; 31: e111, 2017 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29267672

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the Child Perceptions Questionnaire 8 to 10 (CPQ8-10) and child-Oral Impact on Daily Performances (child-OIDP) indexes according to their total and item scores, as well as assess the discriminative validity of these assessment tools regarding dental caries and malocclusion among schoolchildren. A sample of 300 children aged between 8 and 10 years answered the questionnaires in two distinct steps. First, half of the sample (G1 = 150) answered the CPQ8-10 and the other half (G2 = 150) answered the child-OIDP. A week after, G1 answered the child-OIDP and G2 answered the CPQ8-10. Dental Aesthetic Index and WHO criteria were used to categorize malocclusion and dental caries, respectively. Descriptive analysis, Spearman's correlation and Mann-Whitney test were performed in this study. The CPQ8-10 and child-OIDP demonstrated a statistically significant and moderate correlation between their total scores. Regarding the discriminative validity, CPQ8-10 demonstrated a significant association between the "emotional status" daily activity and dental caries, and between the "eating", "sleeping", and "studying" daily activities and malocclusion. Concerning the child-OIDP, a significant difference was found only between the "social contact" activity and presence of dental caries. Both instruments were not capable of distinguishing children with and without dental caries and/or malocclusion by their total scores. However, the instruments were able to discriminate between children with and without those oral disorders in different dimensions. Thus, the CPQ8-10 and the child-OIDP demonstrated a different capacity to assess the impact on OHRQoL among schoolchildren.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico , Má Oclusão/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Atividades Cotidianas , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Má Oclusão/epidemiologia , Má Oclusão/fisiopatologia , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , Qualidade de Vida , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
17.
J Dent Child (Chic) ; 84(3): 132-138, 2017 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29282169

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate associations between traumatic dental injury (TDI) and maternal stress and demographic, behavioral, and clinical characteristics of schoolchildren. METHODS: A cross-sectional investigation was conducted involving 396 eight- to 11- year-old schoolchildren in the city of Diamantina, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Maternal stress and demographic and behavioral (breastfeeding and non-nutritive sucking habits) factors were evaluated using a questionnaire. Overjet and TDI were recorded by a dentist who underwent training and a calibration exercise. Hierarchically-adjusted Poisson regression models were employed to determine factors associated with TDI. RESULTS: In the final regression model, the prevalence of TDI was 75 percent higher among schoolchildren who were breastfed for less than six months (prevalence ratio [PR]=1.75; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.16 to 2.66), 72 percent higher among those who engaged in finger-/thumb-sucking after three years of age (PR=1.72; 95% CI=1.16 to 2.56) and 91 percent among those with overjet greater than three mm (PR=1.91; 95% CI=1.29 to 2.84). CONCLUSIONS: Breastfeeding duration, finger-/thumb-sucking and increased overjet were associated with TDI. These factors were aggravated by maternal stress, but it lost its significance in the multivariate analysis.


Assuntos
Comportamento Materno , Mães/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico , Traumatismos Dentários/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Aleitamento Materno , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Comportamento de Sucção , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo
18.
Pediatr Dent ; 39(2): 118-123, 2017 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28390461

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the impact of untreated caries in different stages on the oral healthrelated quality of life (OHRQoL) of one- to three-year-olds and their families. METHODS: The mothers of 308 children answered the Brazilian version of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale to determine their perceptions of the OHRQoL of their children. The mothers also answered a questionnaire addressing demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of their families. The children were submitted to a clinical examination for the diagnosis of dental caries using International Caries Detection and Assessment System criteria. Data analysis involved descriptive statistics, Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests, and hierarchically adjusted Poisson regression models. RESULTS: The prevalence of untreated caries was 64.3 percent. Among the children with caries, 53.5 percent exhibited the severe stage of the condition. Negative impact on OHRQoL was significantly associated with severe stage of caries (prevalence ratio [PR] equals 2.80, 95 percent confidence interval [CI] equals 1.90 to 4.12, P<0.001), and a younger age for the mother (PR equals 1.69, 95 percent CI equals 1.27 to 2.25, P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Untreated caries in advanced stages was associated with a poorer quality of life among one- to three-year-olds and their families.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Qualidade de Vida , Brasil/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/classificação , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Mães , Análise Multivariada , Saúde Bucal , Prevalência , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Braz Oral Res ; 31: e24, 2017 03 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28380088

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to confirm the discriminant validity (obtained using traditional statistical methods) of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) between preschool children with and without caries (mean score) through an evaluation of the effect size. A systematic search of electronic databases and a manual search were performed for studies published up to December 2015 involving the use of the ECOHIS for the evaluation of the impact of dental caries on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among preschool children. Two independent raters performed the selection of the studies and data extraction. Only papers published in English and Spanish were selected. No restrictions were imposed regarding the year of publication. Twelve studies were included, and the magnitude of standardized differences between the means of the "without caries" and "with caries" groups was calculated using Cohen's d. Most studies demonstrated a large magnitude in the difference between the groups evaluated. The estimate of the effect size confirmed the discriminant validity of the ECOHIS obtained through traditional statistics. Thus, the magnitude of the difference should be considered an important analytical tool for the confirmation of statistical findings regarding null hypotheses and demonstrates the clinical significance of these research results.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Brasil , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tamanho da Amostra , Perfil de Impacto da Doença
20.
Arch Oral Biol ; 79: 30-34, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28282515

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of probiotic (Bacillus Subtilis) supplementation on bone remodelling induced by mechanical loading. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were divided in two groups: (1) Probiotic and (2) Vehicle (water). The probiotic (1.5×108CFU/mL) was administered orally for 14 days, starting two days before the induction of orthodontic tooth movement (OTM). OTM was determined by histomorphometric analysis by comparing the right to the left side of the maxilla. The number of osteoclasts was determined by counting TRAP-positive cells. Osteoblasts were counted on Masson's trichrome-stained slides. RESULTS: OTM was similar between groups (with and without probiotic supplementation) (p=0.46). The number of TRAP-positive cells increased (p<0.01) on the experimental side (where the spring coil was installed) in comparison to the control side in both groups. However, the number of osteoclasts decreased (p˂0.01) in the probiotic group, in comparison to the vehicle group. There was an increase in the number of osteoblasts (p˂0.05) in both the Vehicle and Probiotic groups on the side under OTM, independent of probiotic supplementation. CONCLUSION: Oral Supplementation with a probiotic influenced the number of osteoclasts adjacent to the tooth root during orthodontic movement in mice.


Assuntos
Osteoclastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Probióticos/farmacologia , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Processo Alveolar/efeitos dos fármacos , Processo Alveolar/patologia , Animais , Remodelação Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Aparelhos Ortodônticos , Osteoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Ligamento Periodontal/efeitos dos fármacos , Ligamento Periodontal/patologia
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