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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(18)2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34576044

RESUMO

α,ß-amyrenone (ABAME) is a triterpene derivative with many biological activities; however, its potential pharmacological use is hindered by its low solubility in water. In this context, the present work aimed to develop inclusion complexes (ICs) of ABAME with γ- and ß-cyclodextrins (CD), which were systematically characterized through molecular modeling studies as well as FTIR, XRD, DSC, TGA, and SEM analyses. In vitro analyses of lipase activity were performed to evaluate possible anti-obesity properties. Molecular modeling studies indicated that the CD:ABAME ICs prepared at a 2:1 molar ratio would be more stable to the complexation process than those prepared at a 1:1 molar ratio. The physicochemical characterization showed strong evidence that corroborates with the in silico results, and the formation of ICs with CD was capable of inducing changes in ABAME physicochemical properties. ICs was shown to be a stronger inhibitor of lipase activity than Orlistat and to potentiate the inhibitory effects of ABAME on porcine pancreatic enzymes. In conclusion, a new pharmaceutical preparation with potentially improved physicochemical characteristics and inhibitory activity toward lipases was developed in this study, which could prove to be a promising ingredient for future formulations.

2.
Braz J Microbiol ; 2021 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34363592

RESUMO

There is great interest for biopreservation of food products, and encapsulation may be a good strategy to extend the viability of protective cultures. In this study, Lactobacillus paraplantarum FT-259 and Lactococcus lactis QMF 11 were separately encapsulated in casein/pectin (C/P) microparticles, which were tested for antilisterial and anti-staphylococcal activity in fresh Minas cheese (FMC) stored at 8 °C. The encapsulation efficiency for both lactic acid bacteria (LAB) was 82.5%, with viability over 6.2 log CFU/g after storage of C/P microparticles for 90 days under refrigeration. Interestingly, free Lb. paraplantarum and free Lc. lactis grew significantly in refrigerated FMC, both in the presence and absence of pathogens, but only the first significatively grew when encapsulated. Encapsulation increased the antilisterial activity of Lb. paraplantarum in FMC. Moreover, Lc. lactis significantly inhibited listerial growth in FMC in both its free and encapsulated forms, whereas Staphylococcus aureus counts were only significantly reduced in the presence of free Lc. lactis. In conclusion, these results indicate that C/P microparticles are effective carriers of LAB in FMC, which can contribute for the assurance of the safety of this product.

3.
Vet Parasitol ; 296: 109501, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34147769

RESUMO

The present study aimed to develop a microemulsion formulation containing thymol and eugenol for field control of Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato on dogs, as well to evaluate its safety and the physical characteristics of the formulation. The microemulsion using thymol and eugenol (5.0 + 5.0 mg/mL) had as vehicles water, propylene glycol, polysorbate 80 and canola oil. On the next day the preparation (formulation freshly prepared) and after 24 months, the size of the microemulsion droplets, polydispersion index (PdI), organoleptic properties (color, viscosity), and presence of precipitate in the microemulsion were evaluated. For the field assay, on day -1, 10 English Cocker Spaniel dogs were experimentally infested with 200 larvae, 100 nymphs and 30 adults of R. sanguineus s.l. On day 0, after tick counts, the animals were divided into two groups: treated with the freshly prepared microemulsion (10 mL/kg), and control, which received the vehicle (10 mL/kg). Tick counts on dogs were performed daily for three more days. Engorged females were recovered from the dogs and their biological and reproductive parameters were monitored. The dogs' clinical parameters (temperature, mucosa color, and general physical condition) were evaluated daily. In addition, blood samples were collected before infestation to verify hematological (packed cell volume) and biochemical parameters (total serum protein, albumin, globulins, creatinine, urea, alanine transaminase, aspartate aminotransferase, and alkaline phosphatase). Freshly prepared and 24-month aged microemulsions had droplets with mean sizes of 30.94 nm and 27.93 nm, and PdI values of 0.214 and 0.161, respectively. In addition, no difference in the organoleptic properties and no precipitation formation were observed, indicating physical stability. Treatment with the microemulsion resulted in reduction of larvae (p < 0.05) parasitizing the dogs on day 1 while the number of nymphs and adults was not reduced (P> 0.05). In the evaluation of the reproductive biology of engorged females, the larval hatchability (%) was compromised (p < 0.05), and the microemulsion had control rate of 85.5 %. The microemulsion and its vehicles did not change the clinical, hematological and biochemical parameters of the dogs. We concluded that the microemulsion was efficient against R. sanguineus s.l. by reducing the number of larvae and affecting the reproductive parameters of engorged females, safe for dogs, and stable (physical stability) during a two-year interval.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão , Emulsões , Rhipicephalus sanguineus , Infestações por Carrapato , Animais , Doenças do Cão/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças do Cão/prevenção & controle , Cães , Emulsões/farmacologia , Emulsões/normas , Eugenol/farmacologia , Eugenol/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Larva , Ninfa , Rhipicephalus sanguineus/efeitos dos fármacos , Segurança , Timol/farmacologia , Timol/uso terapêutico , Infestações por Carrapato/tratamento farmacológico , Infestações por Carrapato/prevenção & controle , Infestações por Carrapato/veterinária
4.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e063, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34076188

RESUMO

FITOPROT, which contains curcuminoids and Bidens pilosa L. extract, is an innovative mucoadhesive formulation indicated for the topical treatment of chemoradiotherapy-induced oral mucositis (OM) in patients with advanced and visible oral squamous cell carcinoma. The formulation is used as a mouthwash directly on tumor tissue of patients with advanced neoplasms, without triggering cancer cell proliferation or tumor invasiveness. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the biological effects of FITOPROT on an oral squamous cell carcinoma cell line (SCC-4). The viability of SCC-4 cells was assessed after exposure to FITOPROT using MTT reduction assay. The effects of the mucoadhesive formulation on cell cycle progression and cell death parameters were evaluated using flow cytometry. In addition, the inflammatory profile of the tumor cells was evaluated using the cytometric bead array (CBA) assay. FITOPROT promoted a concentration-dependent decrease in cell viability and cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase (p < 0.05). Mitochondrial membrane potential was also altered after exposure to the formulation (p < 0.05), in parallel with a reduction in VEGF and IL-8 production (p = 0.01 and p = 0.05, respectively). In summary, the results indicate that FITOPROT reduces SCC-4 cell viability, promotes cell cycle arrest, modulates mitochondrial membrane potential, and exhibits antiangiogenic and anti-inflammatory properties, thus indicating its potential for topical use in patients with OM and visible tumors in the mouth.


Assuntos
Bidens , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Bucais , Apoptose , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células , Diarileptanoides , Humanos , Neoplasias Bucais/tratamento farmacológico
5.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 105(12): 5001-5012, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34100979

RESUMO

This study was sought to devise pellets containing inorganic materials and microsclerotia of Metarhizium anisopliae strain IP 119 for biological control of Rhipicephalus microplus, the most economically important tick in Brazilian cattle industry. In addition, we evaluated the storage stability of the pellets, their tolerance to ultraviolet radiation (UV-B), and efficacy against ticks under laboratory conditions. Fungal microsclerotia were produced by liquid culture fermentation and mixed with pre-selected inorganic matrices: vermiculite powder, diatomaceous earth, and colloidal silicon dioxide (78:20:2, w/w/w). The microsclerotial pellets were then prepared by a two-stage process involving extrusion and spheronization. Pellet size averaged 525.53 ± 7.74 µm, with a sphericity index of 0.72 ± 0.01, while biomass constituents did not affect the wet mass properties. Conidial production from microsclerotial pellets upon rehydration ranged from 1.85 × 109 to 1.97 × 109 conidia g-1 with conidial viability ≥ 93%. Conidial production from pellets stored at 4 °C was invariable for up to 21 days. Unformulated microsclerotia and microsclerotial pellets were extremely tolerant to UV-B compared with aerial conidia. Engorged tick females exposed to conidia from sporulated pellets applied to soil samples and upon optimal rehydration exhibited shorter oviposition time length, shorter life span, and reduced number of hatched larvae. In summary, microsclerotial pellets of M. anisopliae IP 119 effectively suppressed R. microplus and showed outstanding UV-B tolerance in laboratory tests. Prospectively, this formulation prototype is promising for targeting the non-parasitic stage of this tick on outdoor pasture fields and may offer a novel mycoacaricide for its sustainable management. KEY POINTS: • Pellets with microsclerotia and inorganic materials are innovative for tick control. • Metarhizium microsclerotia show superior UV-B tolerance in relation to conidia. • Pellets of Metarhizium microsclerotia produce infective conidia against ticks.


Assuntos
Metarhizium , Rhipicephalus , Animais , Brasil , Feminino , Controle Biológico de Vetores , Raios Ultravioleta
6.
Planta Med ; 2021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33862644

RESUMO

Punicalagin, the principal ellagitannin of Lafoensia pacari leaves, has proven antioxidant activity, and standardized extracts of L. pacari can be topically used for skin aging management. We hypothesized that Pluronic nanomicelles or vesicles could solubilize sufficiently large amounts of the standardized extracts of L. pacari and provide chemical stability to punicalagin. The standardized extracts of L. pacari were obtained with an optimized extraction procedure, and the antioxidant activity was characterized. Formulations containing Pluronic at 25% and 35% were obtained with or without Span 80. They were characterized by average diameter, polydispersity index, punicalagin content, physicochemical stability, and rheology. A release and skin permeation study was carried out in vertical diffusion cells. The extraction procedure allowed quantifying high punicalagin content (i.e., 141.61 ± 3.87 mg/g). The standardized extracts of L. pacari showed antioxidant activity for all evaluated methods. Pluronic at 25 and Pluronic at 35 with standardized extracts of L. pacari showed an average diameter of about 25 nm. The addition of Span 80 significantly increased the mean diameter by 15-fold (p < 0.05), indicating the spontaneous formation of vesicles. Pluronic formulations significantly protected punicalagin from chemical degradation (p < 0.05). Pluronic at 25 formulations presented as free-flowing liquid-like systems, while Pluronic at 35 resulted in an increase of about 44-fold in |ƞ*|. The addition of Span 80 significantly reduced the Pluronic sol-gel transition temperature (p < 0.05), indicating the formation of vesicles. Formulations with Span 80 significantly enhanced punicalagin skin permeation compared to formulations without Span 80 (p < 0.05). Formulations with Span 80 were demonstrated to be the most promising formulations, as they allowed significant permeation of punicalagin (about 80 to 315 µg/cm2), which has been shown to have antioxidant activity.

7.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 105(7): 2725-2736, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33745009

RESUMO

The impact of ambient relative humidity (RH) on conidial production of Metarhizium humberi IP 46 microsclerotia (MS) formulated in pellets or granules was investigated, and a promising granular formulation was tested against Aedes aegypti adults to confirm its efficacy. Microcrystalline cellulose (MC) and diatomaceous earth (DE) or a combination of vermiculite (VE), DE and silicon dioxide (SD) were tested as carriers in granular formulations containing MS. A range of 93-96.5% RH was critical for fungal development, and at least 96.5-98.5% RH was required for high conidial production on pellets or granules. Conidial production was clearly higher on pellets and granules prepared with VE than MC as the main carrier. VE granules containing MS were highly active against A. aegypti adults. Most mosquitoes were killed within 6 days after treatment regardless of the exposure time of adults to the formulation (1 min-24 h) or ambient humidity (75 or >98%). Production of conidia on dead adults varied between 7.3 × 106 and 2.2 × 107 conidia/individual, when exposed to MS granules for 12 h and 1 min, respectively. Granular formulations containing VE as the main carrier and MS as the active ingredient of M. humberi have strong potential for use against A. aegypti. KEY POINTS: • High conidial production on granular microsclerotial formulations at >96.5% RH • Vermiculite is more appropriate as a carrier than microcrystalline cellulose • Granules with IP 46 microsclerotia are highly active against Aedes aegypti adults.


Assuntos
Aedes , Metarhizium , Animais , Umidade , Larva , Controle Biológico de Vetores
8.
Life Sci ; 265: 118742, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181176

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune inflammatory disease with progressive degradation of cartilage and joints. Additionally, gastric ulcer affects many patients who make prolonged use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs widely used in the symptomatic treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Nerolidol, a natural sesquiterpene, has several biological activities including anti-inflammatory and antiulcerogenic action. This study aims to develop and characterize a nerolidol ß-cyclodextrin inclusion complex and to evaluate its activity in an experimental arthritis model. Inclusion complex was prepared by the lyophilization method and characterized by NMR, term analysis, XRD and SEM. Neutrophil migration assays and histopathological analysis were performed on zymosan-induced arthritis model using Swiss mice. And the gastroprotective effect was evaluated in two models of gastric ulcers: induced by ethanol and indomethacin. Inclusion complex showed no cytotoxicity and free nerolidol at a dose of 100 mg/kg (p.o.) in the arthritis model reduced neutrophil migration in 56% in relation to vehicle, and this inhibition was more expressive in the inclusion complex (67%) at the same dose. Histopathological analysis of the joint tissue confirmed the reduction of inflammatory signs. In the ethanol-induced gastric ulcer model, free nerolidol reduced the relative ulcer area more expressively (4.64%) than the inclusion complex (21.3%). However, in the indomethacin induction model, the inclusion complex showed better results in gastric protection compared to free nerolidol. The action of nerolidol complexed in beta-cyclodextrin in reducing arthritis inflammation combined with its gastroprotective action make it a potential new drug.


Assuntos
Artrite/tratamento farmacológico , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , beta-Ciclodextrinas/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antiulcerosos/farmacologia , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular , Mucosa Gástrica/metabolismo , Indometacina/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Estômago/patologia , Úlcera Gástrica/induzido quimicamente
9.
J Microencapsul ; 38(2): 124-133, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33305646

RESUMO

The study aimed to develop lipid nanoparticles using excipients compatible with carvedilol (CARV) for enhanced transdermal drug delivery. Nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC) were successfully obtained and fully characterised. Franz diffusion cells were used for release and in vitro permeation studies in the porcine epidermis (EP) and full-thickness rat skin. NLC4 and NLC5 (0.5 mg/mL of CARV) presented small size (80.58 ± 1.70 and 116.80 ± 12.23 nm, respectively) and entrapment efficiency of 98.14 ± 0.79 and 98.27 ± 0.99%, respectively. CARV-loaded NLC4 and NLC5 controlled drug release. NLC4 allowed CAR permeation through porcine EP in greater amounts than NLC5, i.e. 11.83 ± 4.71 µg/cm2 compared to 3.06 ± 0.79 µg/cm2. NLC4 increased CARV permeation by 2.5-fold compared to the unloaded drug in rat skin studies (13.73 ± 4.12 versus 5.31 ± 1.56 µg/cm2). NLC4 seems to be a promising carrier for the transdermal delivery of CARV.

10.
Pharmaceutics ; 12(8)2020 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32824475

RESUMO

Here, we assessed the feasibility of hot-melt extrusion (HME) to obtain effervescent drug products for the first time. For this, a combined mixture design was employed using paracetamol as a model drug. Extrudates were obtained under reduced torque (up to 0.3 Nm) at 100 °C to preserve the stability of the effervescent salts. Formulations showed vigorous and rapid effervescent disintegration (<3 min), adequate flow characteristics, and complete solubilization of paracetamol instantly after the effervescent reaction. Formulations containing PVPVA in the concentration range of 15-20% m/m were demonstrated to be sensitive to accelerated aging conditions, undergoing marked microstructural changes, since the capture of water led to the agglomeration and loss of their functional characteristics. HPMC matrices, in contrast, proved to be resistant to storage conditions in high relative humidity, showing superior performance to controls, including the commercial product. Moreover, the combined mixture design allowed us to identify significant interactions between the polymeric materials and the disintegrating agents, showing the formulation regions in which the responses are kept within the required levels. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that HME can bring important benefits to the elaboration of effervescent drug products, simplifying the production process and obtaining formulations with improved characteristics, such as faster disintegration, higher drug solubilization, and better stability.

11.
Carbohydr Polym ; 244: 116448, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32536383

RESUMO

Myrtenol has gained wide interest because of its pharmacological profiles, mainly for treatment of chronic diseases. To improve the solubility of myrtenol, the formation of inclusion complexes with ß-cyclodextrin was performed by physical mixture, kneading process or slurry complexation (SC) methods and characterized using thermal analysis, XRD, SEM and NMR. From these results, myrtenol complexed by SC was successfully complexed into ß-cyclodextrin cavity. The interaction between myrtenol and ß-cyclodextrin was confirmed by molecular docking. Hence, the SC ß-cyclodextrin-myrtenol complex was evaluate for its anti-hyperalgesic, anxiolytic and antioxidant activity in a fibromyalgia model. Results show that myrtenol and ß-cyclodextrin form a stable complex and have anti-hyperalgesic effect, improve the cognitive impairment caused and have an anxiolytic-like effect. Furthermore, the ß-cyclodextrin/myrtenol complex decrease lipoperoxidation, increased catalase activity and a reduce SOD/CAT ratio. Therefore, ß-cyclodextrin/myrtenol complex reduce painful behavior, improves motor skills and emotional behavior and decreases oxidative stress in a fibromyalgia model.


Assuntos
Monoterpenos Bicíclicos/uso terapêutico , Disfunção Cognitiva/tratamento farmacológico , Fibromialgia/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperalgesia/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Musculoesquelética/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Nociceptiva/tratamento farmacológico , beta-Ciclodextrinas/uso terapêutico , Animais , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Dor Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Camundongos
12.
Pharmaceuticals (Basel) ; 13(4)2020 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32316568

RESUMO

Carvedilol (CRV) is a non-selective blocker of α and ß adrenergic receptors, which has been extensively used for the treatment of hypertension and congestive heart failure. Owing to its poor biopharmaceutical properties, CRV has been incorporated into different types of drug delivery systems and this necessitates the importance of investigating their compatibility and stability. In this sense, we have investigated the applicability of several electroanalytical tools to assess CRV compatibility with lipid excipients. Voltammetric and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy techniques were used to evaluate the redox behavior of CRV and lipid excipients. Results showed that Plurol® isostearic, liquid excipient, and stearic acid presented the greatest anode peak potential variation, and these were considered suitable excipients for CRV formulation. CRV showed the highest stability at room temperature and at 50 °C when mixed with stearic acid (7% w/w). The results also provided evidence that electrochemical methods might be feasible to complement standard stability/compatibility studies related to redox reactions.

13.
Clin. biomed. res ; 40(2): 117-124, 2020. ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1148049

RESUMO

Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a topical mucoadhesive formulation with Curcuma longa L. extract (MFC) on oral wound healing. Methods: Seventy-two Wistar rats were randomly assigned to 3 groups: Control, Vehicle, and MFC. Traumatic ulcers were made on the dorsum of the tongue with a 3-mm diameter punch. Vehicle and MFC groups received application of the products twice a day, while animals in the control group were cared for in identical conditions but received no product application. Six rats in each group were euthanized at days 3, 5, 10, and 14. Percentage of repair was calculated based on wound area. HE-stained histological sections were obtained for semi-quantitative analysis of re-epithelization and inflammation. Results: Clinical findings revealed that at days 3 and 5, animals from the MFC group exhibited a significantly higher percentage of wound repair. At day 5, animals from this group also demonstrated a significant increase in the degree of re-epithelization and inflammation. Conclusions: MFC is capable of accelerating oral wound repair in an in vivo model by modulating the inflammatory process and stimulating epithelial proliferation. (AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Camundongos , Úlceras Orais/terapia , Curcuma , Medicamentos Fitoterápicos , Creme para a Pele/uso terapêutico
14.
J Microencapsul ; 36(5): 459-473, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31322456

RESUMO

This study was aimed to microencapsulate fish oil (FO) in two biocompatible polymeric blends: gum arabic (GA)-maltodextrin (MD) and casein-pectin (CP)-MD. GA-MD microparticles and CP-MD microparticles were produced by spray-drying and complex coacervation and spray-drying, respectively. Encapsulation efficiency, particle size, moisture content, oxidative stability, and morphological properties were analysed. Encapsulation efficiencies of 51.2-56.8% (w/v) for GA and 64.7-67.9% (w/v) for CP preparations were found. GA particle sizes varied from 2 to 100 µm and from 2 to 120 µm for CP microparticles. Spherical forms with depressions in the topography of both systems were evidenced by scanning electron microscopy. Confocal microscopy evidenced surface oil on GA microparticles, corroborating encapsulation efficiency. CP was more efficient than GA to reduce oxidation, with maximum peroxide values (PVs) of 17.40 mmol/kg oil after 28 d at 40 °C/75% relative humidity (RH). Thus, CP is a promising biopolymeric blend for encapsulation of FO that provides protection against lipid oxidation.


Assuntos
Caseínas/química , Excipientes/química , Óleos de Peixe/administração & dosagem , Goma Arábica/química , Pectinas/química , Cápsulas , Composição de Medicamentos , Óleos de Peixe/química , Oxirredução , Polissacarídeos/química
15.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 126: 15-24, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30738132

RESUMO

Morin is a flavonoid has been reported with several pharmacological effects such as, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antidiabetic, etc. However, morin has low solubility in water, which decreases the bioavailability and limits its clinical application. In this way, to improve the pharmaceutical properties, morin was complexed in hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin (HP-ß-CD) and its oral bioavailability and anti-inflammatory effects were evaluated. Initially, a phase solubility study was performed, which showed that HP-ß-CD would be the better cyclodextrin for the formation of complexes with morin. The morin/HP-ß-CD inclusion complex (1:1) was prepared by freeze-drying method. The sample obtained was characterized by DSC, FTIR, PXRD, SEM and 1H NMR techniques, evidencing the formation of morin/HP-ß-CD inclusion complex. In addition, complexation efficiency (98.3%) and loading content (17.63%), determined by HPLC demonstrated that morin was efficiently complexed in HP-ß-CD. In vitro dissolution study confirmed that morin/HP-ß-CD inclusion complex increased the solubility and dissolution rate of morin. The oral bioavailability of the morin/HP-ß-CD complex and free morin were evaluated through a pharmacokinetic study in rat plasma. The oral bioavailability of morin complexed with HP-ß-CD was increased by 4.20 times compared with the free morin. Hyperalgesia induced by carrageenan and carrageenan-induced pleurisy were carried out in mice to evaluate the antihyperalgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of free morin and inclusion complex. Morin/HP-ß-CD inclusion complex showed antihyperalgesic effect in inflammatory pain model and anti-inflammatory effect decreasing leukocyte migration and TNF-α levels at a lower dose than free morin. Therefore, the morin/HP-ß-CD inclusion complex improved the solubility, dissolution rate, oral bioavailability, antihyperalgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of morin. In this way, the morin/HP-ß-CD inclusion complex exhibits potential for development of new pharmaceutical product for future clinical applications.


Assuntos
2-Hidroxipropil-beta-Ciclodextrina/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacocinética , Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/farmacocinética , Hiperalgesia/tratamento farmacológico , Hipoglicemiantes/química , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacocinética , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/sangue , Disponibilidade Biológica , Varredura Diferencial de Calorimetria , Composição de Medicamentos , Flavonoides/sangue , Humanos , Hiperalgesia/sangue , Hiperalgesia/induzido quimicamente , Hipoglicemiantes/sangue , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Solubilidade , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Difração de Raios X
16.
Phytother Res ; 33(4): 881-890, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30672024

RESUMO

We explored the effects of a mucoadhesive formulation containing curcuminoid (MFC) from Curcuma longa L. extract on oral mucositis (OM) induced by 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in hamsters. Seventy-two golden Syrian hamsters were randomly allocated into four groups: control, placebo, chamomilla, and MFC. Animals received an intraperitoneal injection of 5-FU at Days 0 and 2. On Days 3 and 4, the buccal mucosa was scratched. Therapy was initiated on Day 5. Animals received two applications of the substances per day according to the experimental group. Six animals were euthanized on Days 8, 10, and 14. Clinical analysis were performed using photography and histopathological sections of 3 µm were stained by hematoxylin-eosin for semiquantitative analysis of re-epithelization and inflammation. Immunohistochemistry was used for angiogenesis (CD31) and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-ß1) analysis. On Day 5, all groups exhibited OM. Clinical and histopathological findings revealed that on Day 8, both MFC and chamomilla groups exhibited better wound healing. In addition, the MFC group demonstrated lower angiogenesis and TGF-ß1 levels on Day 8 compared with placebo and control groups. Collectively, these findings suggest that MFC has a therapeutic effect on OM, accelerating wound healing through re-epithelization and anti-inflammatory action as modulation of angiogenesis and TGF-ß1 expression.


Assuntos
Fluoruracila/toxicidade , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Estomatite/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Cricetinae , Curcuma , Composição de Medicamentos , Masculino , Mesocricetus , Estomatite/induzido quimicamente , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
Carbohydr Polym ; 200: 278-288, 2018 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30177168

RESUMO

This work aimed to design supramolecular gels combining Soluplus or Solutol and alfa- and hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin (α-CD, HPß-CD) for carvedilol (CAR) transdermal delivery. Poly(pseudo)rotaxane formation (appearance, SEM, 1H NMR), drug solubilization, rheological properties and in vitro release were investigated. CAR-CD complexes were prepared in situ or by spray drying. For Solutol, poly(pseudo)rotaxanes were formed immediately after mixing with α-CD and did not influence CAR solubility. Differently, Soluplus poly(pseudo)rotaxanes took 24-48 h to be formed and CAR solubility decreased compared to Soluplus micelles. Soluplus 20% + α-CD (5-10%) showed higher G' and G'' but also faster CAR release than Solutol poly(pseudo)rotaxanes, which is explained by the different location of PEG chains in the two amphiphilic polymers. Faster drug release was achieved incorporating HPß-CD or CAR-HPß-CD spray-dried complexes. The results evidenced the versatility of the formulations in terms of rheological behavior and drug release patterns, which can be adjusted for CAR transdermal delivery.


Assuntos
Carbazóis/química , Carbazóis/metabolismo , Ciclodextrinas/química , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Poloxâmero/química , Propanolaminas/química , Propanolaminas/metabolismo , Rotaxanos/química , Pele/metabolismo , Carvedilol , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Reologia , Solubilidade
18.
AAPS PharmSciTech ; 19(7): 2929-2933, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30120694

RESUMO

The effects of excipients on the accuracy of tablet subdivision are severely underinvestigated. In this study, placebo tablets were prepared using a combined mixture design of fillers and binders to evaluate the effect of these excipients on subdivision accuracy. The responses assessed were mass loss, mass variation, tablet fragmentation, and increased friability. Dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DCP) gave rise to more uniform and denser tablets than microcrystalline cellulose (MCC), thus resulting in greater subdivision accuracy. The binder type, hydroxypropylcellulose (HPC) or polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), did not affect the subdivision of DCP tablets. On the contrary, the structural similarity between HPC and MCC led to improved subdivision accuracy for MCC tablets. A less accurate subdivision was observed in tablets prepared with a DCP-MCC combination; this finding could be attributed to irregular binder distribution in this matrix. An optimized response was built using desirability analysis. This study helps to illuminate the relationship between fillers and binders to guide formulation scientists in the development of tablets with better subdivision performance.


Assuntos
Celulose/análogos & derivados , Química Farmacêutica/métodos , Excipientes/química , Povidona/química , Celulose/análise , Celulose/química , Excipientes/análise , Peso Molecular , Povidona/análise , Comprimidos
19.
Chem Biol Interact ; 291: 47-54, 2018 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29885284

RESUMO

The conventional treatment of textile effluents is usually inefficient in removing azo dyes and can even generate more toxic products than the original dyes. The aim of the present study was to optimize the process factors in the degradation of Disperse Red 343 by Fenton and Fenton-like processes, as well as to investigate the ecotoxicity of the samples treated under optimized conditions. A Box-Behnken design integrated with the desirability function was used to optimize dye degradation, the amount of residual H2O2 [H2O2residual], and the ecotoxicity of the treated samples (lettuce seed, Artemia salina, and zebrafish in their early-life stages). Dye degradation was affected only by catalyst concentration [Fe] in both the Fenton and Fenton-like processes. In the Fenton reaction, [H2O2residual] was significantly affected by initial [H2O2] and its interaction with [Fe]; however, in the Fenton-like reaction, it was affected by initial [H2O2] only. A. salina mortality was affected by different process factors in both processes, which suggests the formation of different toxic products in each process. The desirability function was applied to determine the best process parameters and predict the responses, which were confirmed experimentally. Optimal conditions facilitated the complete degradation of the dye without [H2O2residual] or toxicity for samples treated with the Fenton-like process, whereas the Fenton process induced significant mortality for A. salina. Results indicate that the Fenton-like process is superior to the Fenton reaction to degrade Disperse Red 343.


Assuntos
Compostos Azo/isolamento & purificação , Ecotoxicologia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Ferro/química , Testes de Toxicidade Aguda , Análise de Variância , Animais , Compostos Azo/química , Compostos Azo/toxicidade , Bovinos , Feminino , Germinação/efeitos dos fármacos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/análise , Alface/efeitos dos fármacos , Alface/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Masculino , Peixe-Zebra
20.
Chem Biol Interact ; 291: 228-236, 2018 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29906455

RESUMO

Preclinical repeated-dose toxicity and efficiency studies developed by our group suggest the potential of FITOPROT in treating mucositis. This serious limiting side effect is observed at a rate of 40-100% in patients under antineoplastic therapy and despite different palliative measures and therapeutic agents have been investigated, still no therapy was completely successful. Therefore, this study aimed to establish the safety and recommended phase II dose of FITOPROT for the prevention and treatment of chemoradiotherapy-induced oral mucositis (OM) in patients with head and neck cancer. Twenty healthy adult participants were randomized into two groups that received pre-established concentrations of the collutory: group 1 (FITOPROT A - mucoadhesive formulation containing 10 mg/mL of curcuminoids extract plus 20% v/v of Bidens pilosa L. extract) and group 2 (FITOPROT B - mucoadhesive formulation containing 20 mg/mL of curcuminoids extract, plus 40% v/v of Bidens pilosa L. extract). Participants rinsed their mouths with FITOPROT, three times daily, for ten consecutive days. No participant experienced toxicity or unacceptable discomfort and/or adverse reactions (CTCAE v5.0), with laboratory and clinical parameters under normal conditions. Side effects observed were low intensity and temporary mucosa/dental surface pigmentation (n = 7) and tooth sensitivity (n = 4), which disappeared after formulation use ceased. No significant cellular genotoxic effects were observed (p > 0.05), and micronuclei frequencies were not changed (p > 0.05). Biochemical assays reveled no altered levels of myeloperoxidase (p = 0.2268), malondialdehyde (p = 0.1188) nor nitric oxide (p = 0.5709) concentration, and no significant difference were found in the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines (p > 0.05). Thus, FITOPROT demonstrated to be safe and tolerable in both tested doses and is suitable for evaluation in a phase II trial as treatment against OM.


Assuntos
Adesivos/uso terapêutico , Asteraceae/química , Bidens/química , Curcumina/uso terapêutico , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Estomatite/tratamento farmacológico , Estomatite/prevenção & controle , Adesivos/farmacologia , Adulto , Curcumina/farmacologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Demografia , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucosa Bucal/patologia , Mutagênicos/toxicidade , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Saliva/metabolismo , Estomatite/patologia , Adulto Jovem
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