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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33077654

RESUMO

Mutations on ERG11 were detected by gene sequencing and amino acid alignment in 18 Candida tropicalis strains with different degrees of sensibility to VRC. ERG11 expression, sterols content and membrane permeability were also evaluated. We report three missense mutations in ERG11 that resulted in resistance to VRC. The transcriptional levels of ERG11 as well as the ergosterol content and membrane permeability do no demonstrated plenty correlation with the obtained MIC values but a tendency.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32998950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a bacterial carcinogen and the leading risk factor for noncardia gastric cancer (NCGC). Detecting antibodies against specific H. pylori proteins in peripheral blood can be applied to characterize infection and determine disease associations. Most studies analyzing the association between H. pylori infection and gastric cancer have focused on previously identified antigens, predominantly the virulence factor cytotoxin-associated gene A (CagA). Selecting antigens in an unbiased approach may, however, allow the identification of novel biomarkers. METHODS: Using a combination of multiple spotting technique and cell-free, on-chip protein expression, we displayed the H. pylori genome (strain 26695) on high-density microarrays. Immunogenic proteins were identified by serum pool incubations and henceforth analyzed in individual samples. To test its applicability, we used sera from a multicase-control (MCC)-Spain study. Serologic responses between NCGC cases and controls were assessed by conditional logistic regression estimating ORs and 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS: We successfully expressed 93% of the 1,440 H. pylori open reading frames in situ. Of these, 231 (17%) were found to be immunogenic. By comparing 58 NCGC cases with 58 matched controls, we confirmed a higher seroprevalence of CagA among cases (66%) than controls (31%). We further identified a potential novel marker, the Helicobacter outer membrane protein A (HopA). CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we provide evidence that our H. pylori whole-proteome microarray offers a platform for unbiased de novo identification of serologic biomarkers. IMPACT: Given its versatile workflow, antibody responses against other H. pylori strains and possible associations with diverse H. pylori-related outcomes can be systematically analyzed.

3.
Eur J Cancer Prev ; 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925512

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association between height and risk of gastric cancer has been studied in several epidemiological studies with contrasting results. The aim of this study is to examine the association between adult height and gastric cancer within a large pooled analysis of case-control studies members of the Stomach cancer Pooling (StoP) Project consortium. METHODS: Data from 18 studies members of the StoP consortium were collected and analyzed. A multivariable logistic regression model was used to estimate the study-specific odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the association between 10-cm increase in height and risk of gastric cancer. Age, sex, tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, social class, geographical area and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) status were included in the regression model. Resulting estimates were then pooled with random-effect model. Analyses were conducted overall and in strata of selected variables. RESULTS: A total of 7562 cases and 19 033 controls were included in the analysis. The pooled OR was 0.96 (95% CI 0.87-1.05). A sensitivity analysis was performed restricting the results to the studies with information on H. pylori status, resulting in an OR of 0.97 (95% CI 0.79-1.20). CONCLUSION: Our study does not support a strong and consistent association between adult height and gastric cancer.

4.
Int J Cancer ; 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32976649

RESUMO

Experimental evidence indicates that exercise performed at different times of the day may affect circadian rhythms and circadian disruption has been linked to breast and prostate cancer. We examined in a population-based case-control study (MCC-Spain) if the time-of-day when physical activity is done affects prostate and breast cancer risk. Lifetime recreational and household physical activity was assessed by in-person interviews. Information on time-of-day of activity (assessed approximately 3 years after the assessment of lifetime physical activity and confounders) was available for 781 breast cancer cases, 865 population female controls, 504 prostate cases and 645 population male controls from 10 Spanish regions, 2008-2013. We estimated odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for different activity timings compared to inactive subjects using unconditional logistic regression adjusting for confounders. Early morning (8-10 am) activity was associated with a protective effect compared to no physical activity for both breast (OR = 0.74, 95% CI = 0.48-1.15) and prostate cancer (OR = 0.73, 95% CI = 0.44-1.20); meta-OR for the two cancers combined 0.74 (95%CI = 0.53-1.02). There was no effect observed for breast or prostate cancer for late morning to afternoon activity while a protective effect was also observed for evening activity only for prostate cancer (OR = 0.75, 95% CI = 0.45-1.24). Protective effects of early morning activity were more pronounced for intermediate/evening chronotypes for both cancers. This is the first population-based investigation identifying a differential effect of timing of physical activity on cancer risk with more pronounced effects for morning hour activity. Our results, if confirmed, may improve current physical activity recommendations for cancer prevention.

5.
Environ Int ; 144: 106055, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32827807

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is the third most frequent tumor in males and the second in females worldwide. In Spain, it is an important and growing health problem, and epidemiologic research focused on potential risk factors, such as environmental exposures, is necessary. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the association between colorectal cancer risk and residential proximity to industries, according to pollution discharge route, industrial groups, categories of carcinogens and other toxic substances, and specific pollutants released, in the context of a population-based multicase-control study of incident cancer carried out in Spain (MCC-Spain). METHODS: MCC-Spain included 557 colorectal cancer cases and 2948 controls in 11 provinces, frequency matched by sex, age, and region of residence. Distances were computed from subjects' residences to each of the 134 industries located in the study area. Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs) for categories of distance (from 1 km to 3 km) to industrial facilities, adjusting for matching variables and other confounders. RESULTS: Excess risk (OR; 95%CI) of colorectal cancer was detected near industries overall for all distances analyzed, from 1 km (2.03; 1.44-2.87) to 3 km (1.26; 1.00-1.59). In general, industries releasing pollutants to air showed higher excess risks than facilities releasing pollution to water. By industrial sector, excess risk (OR; 95%CI) was found near (≤3 km) production of metals (2.66; 1.77-4.00), surface treatment of metals (1.48; 1.08-2.02), glass and mineral fibers (2.06; 1.39-3.07), organic chemical industry (4.80; 3.20-7.20), inorganic chemical industry (6.74; 4.38-10.36), food/beverage sector (3.34; 2.38-4.68), and surface treatment using organic solvents (6.16; 4.06-9.36). By pollutants, the main excess risks (OR; 95%CI) were found near (≤3 km) industries releasing nonylphenol (9.19; 5.91-14.28), antimony (5.30; 3.45-8.15), naphthalene (3.11; 2.16-4.49), organotin compounds (2.64; 1.76-3.98), manganese (2.53; 1.63-3.93), dichloromethane (2.52; 1.74-3.66), and vanadium (2.49; 1.59-3.91). CONCLUSIONS: Our results support the hypothesis that residing in the proximity of industries may be a risk factor for colorectal cancer.

6.
SEMERGEN, Soc. Esp. Med. Rural Gen. (Ed. Impr.) ; 46(supl.1): 42-46, ago. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-192611

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and associated factors with SARS-CoV-2 infection in general practitioners and nurses of primary care centers and nursing homes in the health area of León (Spain). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study in a convenience sample of professionals from 30 health centers and 30 nursing homes from the primary care management division of the Healthcare Area of Leon. The work center, type of profession, COVID-19 infection, level of exposure, compliance with preventive measures, isolation (if required) and diagnostic tests carried out were collected. The determination of infection was made by differentiated rapid diagnostic test (dRDT), using a finger-stick whole-blood sample. The association of variables with infection was assessed by multivariable non-conditional logistic regression. The true prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection was calculated according to two scenarios for RDT (Sensitivity=0.6 and Specificity=0.985; Sensitivity=0.8 and Specificity=1). RESULTS: The true prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection was between 4.9% - 11.0%. The observed prevalence was 5.9%, being higher in nursing home compared to primary care centers (9.5% vs. 5.5%). No statistically significant differences were observed by sex, type of professional, level of exposure or compliance with preventive measures. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection in this group is low. A high number of professionals remain susceptible to SARS-CoV-2 infection and therefore protective measures should be taken, especially in nursing home professionals


OBJETIVO: Evaluar la prevalencia y los factores asociados a la infección por SARS-CoV-2 en médicos y enfermeras de centros de atención primaria y residencias de ancianos del área de salud de León (España). MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio observacional realizado en una muestra de conveniencia de profesionales de 30 centros de salud y 30 residencias de ancianos, de la Gerencia de Atención Primaria del área de salud de León. Se recogió información del centro de trabajo, tipo de profesión, infección por COVID-19, nivel de exposición, cumplimiento de medidas preventivas, aislamiento (si fue requerido) y test diagnósticos realizados. La determinación de infección fue llevada a cabo mediante prueba de diagnóstico rápido diferenciado (PDRd), usando muestra de sangre capilar. La asociación de las variables con la infección se evaluó mediante regresión logística multivariable no condicional. La prevalencia real de infección por SARS-CoV-2 fue calculada de acuerdo a dos escenarios para el PDRd (Sensibilidad=0,6 y Especificidad=0,985; Sensibilidad=0,8 y Especificidad=1). RESULTADOS: La prevalencia real de infección por SARS-CoV-2 se encontró entre 4,9%-11,0%. La prevalencia observada fue de 5,9%, siendo mayor en trabajadores de residencias de ancianos que de centros de salud de atención primaria (9,5% vs 5,5%). No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas por sexo, tipo de profesional, nivel de exposición o cumplimiento de medidas preventivas. CONCLUSIONES: La prevalencia de la infección por el SARS-CoV-2 en este grupo es baja. Un gran número de profesionales siguen siendo susceptibles a la infección por el SARS-CoV-2 y, por lo tanto, medidas de protección deben ser adoptadas, especialmente en los profesionales de las residencias de ancianos


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/epidemiologia , Vírus da SARS/isolamento & purificação , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Prevalência , Cuidados de Enfermagem/tendências , Medicina Geral/tendências , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Exposição Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Precauções Universais/métodos
8.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 21(1): 447, 2020 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32646395

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The impact of comorbidity on the risk of revision in patients undergoing Total Knee arthroplasty (TKA) and Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA) is not currently well known. The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of comorbidity on the risk of revision in TKA and THA. METHODS: Patients recorded in the Catalan Arthroplasty Register (RACat) between 01/01/2005 and 31/12/2016 undergoing TKA (n = 49,701) and THA (n = 17,923) caused by osteoarthritis were included. As main explanatory factors, comorbidity burden was assessed by the Elixhauser index, categorized, and specific comorbidities from the index were taken into account. Descriptive analyses for comorbidity burden and specific conditions were done. Additionally, incidence at 1 and 5 years' follow-up was calculated, and adjusted Competing Risks models were fitted. RESULTS: A higher incidence of revision was observed when the number of comorbidities was high, both at 1 and 5 years for THA, but only at 1 year for TKA. Of the specific conditions, only obesity was related to the incidence of revision at 1 year in both joints, and at 5 years in TKA. The risk of revision was related to deficiency anemia and liver diseases in TKA, while in THA, it was related to peripheral vascular disorders, metastatic cancer and psychoses. CONCLUSIONS: Different conditions, depending on the joint, might be related to higher revision rates. This information could be relevant for clinical decision-making, patient-specific information and improving the results of both TKA and THA.

9.
Adicciones ; 0(0): 1256, 2020 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32677687

RESUMO

The relationship of problematic cannabis consumption with perceived risk, socioenvironmental and sociodemographic factors among youth in Spain is not well known. The aims of this study are: 1) to describe the patterns of cannabis consumption (problematic and non-problematic) in Spanish youth, and 2) to explore whether problematic cannabis consumption is related to perceived risk, environmental factors and individual sociodemographic characteristics. A cross-sectional design based on data from the 2015/16 Spanish Household Survey on Alcohol and Drugs (EDADES) was performed. Individuals between 15 and 35 years old having used cannabis during the last year with a complete Cannabis Abuse Screening Test (CAST) were included (N = 1,674). Problematic consumption (CAST >= 7) was considered as dependent variable. Perceived risk, environmental factors (availability of the substance and exposure to consumption situations) and sociodemographic factors were taken as independent variables. Descriptive analyses of consumption patterns were performed and univariable and multivariable Poisson regression models were done. All analyses were stratified by gender. Problematic cannabis consumption was more frequent among men (38.9 %) than among women (23.2 %). While among men, problematic use was related to environmental factors and educational level, among women it was associated with perceived risk and unemployment. Problematic cannabis consumption among Spanish youth is associated with different types of gender-related factors. Due to its representativeness at the population level and the validity of the measures, these results might have important implications on the development of prevention strategies targeted at problematic cannabis consumption.

10.
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev ; 29(9): 1800-1808, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32651213

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Regular use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) is associated with lower risk of colorectal cancer. Genome-wide interaction analysis on single variants (G × E) has identified several SNPs that may interact with NSAIDs to confer colorectal cancer risk, but variations in gene expression levels may also modify the effect of NSAID use. Therefore, we tested interactions between NSAID use and predicted gene expression levels in relation to colorectal cancer risk. METHODS: Genetically predicted gene expressions were tested for interaction with NSAID use on colorectal cancer risk among 19,258 colorectal cancer cases and 18,597 controls from 21 observational studies. A Mixed Score Test for Interactions (MiSTi) approach was used to jointly assess G × E effects which are modeled via fixed interaction effects of the weighted burden within each gene set (burden) and residual G × E effects (variance). A false discovery rate (FDR) at 0.2 was applied to correct for multiple testing. RESULTS: Among the 4,840 genes tested, genetically predicted expression levels of four genes modified the effect of any NSAID use on colorectal cancer risk, including DPP10 (PG×E = 1.96 × 10-4), KRT16 (PG×E = 2.3 × 10-4), CD14 (PG×E = 9.38 × 10-4), and CYP27A1 (PG×E = 1.44 × 10-3). There was a significant interaction between expression level of RP11-89N17 and regular use of aspirin only on colorectal cancer risk (PG×E = 3.23 × 10-5). No interactions were observed between predicted gene expression and nonaspirin NSAID use at FDR < 0.2. CONCLUSIONS: By incorporating functional information, we discovered several novel genes that interacted with NSAID use. IMPACT: These findings provide preliminary support that could help understand the chemopreventive mechanisms of NSAIDs on colorectal cancer.

11.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(8): e16388, 2020 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32663157

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the relevance of mobile technologies and social media (MTSM) for adolescents, their association with depressive disorders in this population remains unclear. While there are previous reviews that have identified the use of MTSM as a risk factor for developing depression, other reviews have indicated their possible preventive effect. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to synthesize the current evidence on the association between MTSM use and the development or prevention of depressive disorders in adolescents. METHODS: An umbrella review was conducted using information published up to June 2019 from PubMed/MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and The Cochrane Library. Systematic reviews focusing on the adolescent population (up to 20 years old) and depression and its potential relationship with MTSM use were included. Screening of titles, abstracts, and full texts was performed. After selecting the reviews and given the heterogeneity of the outcome variables and exposures, a narrative synthesis of the results was carried out. RESULTS: The search retrieved 338 documents, from which 7 systematic reviews (3 meta-analyses) were selected for data extraction. There were 11-70 studies and 5582-46,015 participants included in the 7 reviews. All reviews included quantitative research, and 2 reviews also included qualitative studies. A statistically significant association between social media and developing depressive symptoms was reported in 2 reviews, while 5 reviews reported mixed results. CONCLUSIONS: Excessive social comparison and personal involvement when using MTSM could be associated with the development of depressive symptomatology. Nevertheless, MTSM might promote social support and even become a point of assistance for people with depression. Due to the mixed results, prospective research could be valuable for providing stronger evidence.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32481615

RESUMO

Background: Anorexia nervosa (AN) among the general population is a rare but often fatal illness. Objective: To summarize the incidence of AN using a systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods: Four online databases (PubMed, Scopus, WoS and Embase) were consulted. The review was conducted according to with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines and was limited to women. The methodological quality of the studies was assessed by the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). Results: A total of 31 articles were included in the study. The incidence rate of AN ranged from 0.5 to 318.0 cases per 100,000 women-years. The incidence in studies based on outpatient healthcare services (OHS) was higher than those based on hospital admissions (HA) (8.8 95% CI: 7.83-9.80 vs. 5.0 95% CI: 4.87-5.05). In young women, the incidence in OHS was higher than HA (63.7, 95% CI 61.21-66.12 vs. 8.1 95% CI 7.60-8.53). The linear trend in the incidence of AN was increasing in all ages of women and young women, both in studies with hospital admission records, and in those based on outpatient healthcare services. Conclusion: The incidence of AN depends on the methodology, the type of population and the diagnostic criteria used.


Assuntos
Anorexia Nervosa , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos , Assistência Ambulatorial , Anorexia Nervosa/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Incidência , Gravidez
16.
J Aging Phys Act ; : 1-22, 2020 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32498038

RESUMO

This study aimed to determine if stretching exercise can be implemented as an adequate control therapy in exercise randomized controlled trials aimed at improving physical fitness and physical function in older adults. Five electronic databases were systematically searched for randomized controlled trials focused in the physical fitness and function of older adults using stretching exercise as control group. The methodological quality was assessed and a meta-analysis was carried out. Sixteen studies were included, 13 in the meta-analysis. The methodological quality ranged from fair to good. The meta-analysis only in the controls resulted in significant improvements in different functional parameters related to walking, balance, knee flexion strength, or global physical function. The interventions, compared with the controls, significantly improved balance and knee strength parameters. Stretching exercise as control therapy in older people can lead to beneficial effects and could influence the interpretation of the effect size in the intervention groups.

17.
Comunidad (Barc., Internet) ; 22(1): 0-0, mar.-jun. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193590

RESUMO

En 2016, en Higuera de Vargas (Badajoz, Extremadura), se inició el Proceso Comunitario, intervención dirigida a todos los habitantes con la idea de compartir experiencias y participar activamente en comunidad. Se realizó un diagnóstico de salud comunitario, recogiendo datos objetivos y subjetivos relacionados con la salud mediante distintas fuentes, y se generó un documento común. Para el período 2016-2020, la Gerencia de Badajoz promueve Participación y Salud, dentro del Proyecto Ítaca, como experiencia piloto en salud comunitaria, con la colaboración del Consultorio y el Ayuntamiento de Higuera, para favorecer una nueva metodología de trabajo con la comunidad. En este marco, dentro de la Comisión Comunitaria creada en la localidad, en 2017 se decide realizar una iniciativa comunitaria, un día dedicado a la salud: I Gymkhana de la Salud de Higuera de Vargas. Consistió en tres itinerarios divididos por edades, cada uno con actividades relacionadas con la salud o hábitos de vida saludables, instaladas en distintos puntos del pueblo. Se obtuvieron resultados a través de un cuestionario que respondieron los participantes, constatándose que era una actividad novedosa con gran repercusión, por lo que se decidió su repetición anual. En ella se implicaron las administraciones públicas (Gerencia de Salud del Área de Badajoz, Ayuntamiento de Higuera, Diputación de Badajoz y Mancomunidad de Olivenza), que aportaron financiación y dieron publicidad de la propuesta en medios de comunicación. Con esta actividad se trató de divulgar hábitos saludables, favorecer la participación ciudadana, promocionar la salud de una manera lúdica y poner en valor las riquezas de nuestra comunidad


In 2016, Higuera de Vargas (Badajoz, Extremadura) begins its Community Process as an intervention aimed for all inhabitants, with the idea of sharing experiences and active community participation. A Community Health Diagnosis took place and subjective and objective health data were collected by means of different sources, leading to one common document. For the 2016-2020 term, Badajoz's Management promoted "Participation and Health", within the scope of the Itaca Project, as a pilot experience in Community Health. This had the collaboration of Higuera's Local Government and Surgery, to foster a new work methodology within the community. In this context, within the local Community Commission, in 2017 the idea of celebrating a community initiative, a day dedicated to health: the 1st Health Gymkhana in Higuera de Vegas. It consisted of 3 itineraries, each split up according to different ages and with various stations related to health or healthy habits, spread over the town. Results were collected using a questionnaire for participants and it could be verified whether this was a new activity with a major impact with a view to holding it annually. Local Administrations were involved in the activity, and supported it with funding and advertising in the media. This activity aimed to disseminate healthy habits, favour citizen participation and health promotion in a festive way and highlight the value of our community's attitudes and wealth


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Diagnóstico da Situação de Saúde , Serviços de Saúde Comunitária , População Rural , Jogos Recreativos , Espanha
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32466190

RESUMO

The main objective of this study was to examine the relationship between the level of physical activity (PA) and the degree of obesity with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS) who participated in the Predimed-Plus study. A total of 6875 subjects between 55 and 75 years of age with MetS were selected and randomized in 23 Spanish centers. Subjects were classified according to categories of body mass index (BMI). PA was measured with the validated Registre Gironí del Cor (REGICOR) questionnaire and subjects were classified according to their PA level (light, moderate, vigorous) and the HRQoL was measured with the validated short-form 36 (SF-36) questionnaire. By using the ANOVA model, we found a positive and statistically significant association between the level of PA and the HRQoL (aggregated physical and mental dimensions p < 0.001), but a negative association with higher BMI in aggregated physical dimensions p < 0.001. Furthermore, women obtained lower scores compared with men, more five points in all fields of SF-36. Therefore, it is essential to promote PA and body weight control from primary care consultations to improve HRQoL, paying special attention to the differences that sex incurs.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Exercício Físico , Síndrome Metabólica , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
19.
J Clin Med ; 9(5)2020 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32414161

RESUMO

Hospital-at-home (HaH) is a healthcare modality that provides active treatment by healthcare staff in the patient's home for a condition that would otherwise require hospitalization. The aims were to describe the characteristics of different types of hospital-at-home (HaH), assess their results, and examine which factors could be related to these results. A cross-sectional study based on data from all 2014 HaH contacts from Catalonia was designed. The following HaH modalities were considered-admission avoidance (n = 7,214; 75.1%) and early assisted discharge (n = 2,387; 24.9%). The main outcome indicators were readmission, mortality, and length of stay (days). Multivariable models were fitted to assess the association between explanatory factors and outcomes. Hospital admission avoidance is a scheme in which, instead of being admitted to acute care hospitals, patients are directly treated in their own homes. Early assisted discharge is a scheme in which hospital in-care patients continue their treatment at home. In the hospital avoidance modality, there were 8.3% readmissions, 0.9% mortality, and a mean length of stay (SD) of 9.6 (10.6) days. In the early assisted discharge modality, these figures were 7.9%, 0.5%, and 9.8 (11.1), respectively. In both modalities, readmission and mean length of stay were related to comorbidity and type of hospital, and mortality with age. The results of HaH in Catalonia are similar to those observed in other contexts. The factors related to these results identified might help to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the different HaH modalities.

20.
Antiviral Res ; 178: 104785, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234540

RESUMO

Seasonal influenza causes significant morbidity and mortality in people aged ≥65 years. Antiviral treatment can reduce complications and disease severity. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of antiviral treatment in patients aged ≥65 years hospitalized with confirmed influenza in preventing intensive care unit (ICU) admission or death. A retrospective cohort study was carried out in 20 hospitals from seven Spanish regions during 2013-2015 in patients aged ≥65 years. Hospitalized cases of laboratory-confirmed influenza were selected. To assess the association between antiviral treatment and ICU admission or death, the adjusted odds ratios (aOR) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using multivariate logistic regression. We included 715 hospitalized patients, of whom 640 (87.9%) received antiviral treatment, 77 (10.8%) required ICU admission and 66 (9.2%) died. In the 64-74 years age group, receipt of antiviral treatment ≤48 h (aOR 0.20; 95% CI 0.04-0.89), 3-4 days (aOR 0.23; 95% CI 0.05-0.92) and 5-7 days (aOR 0.24; 95% CI 0.03-0.91) after clinical symptom onset was associated with reduced mortality. Receipt of treatment >7 days after symptom onset was not associated with reduced mortality. No association of antiviral treatment with reduced mortality was observed in the >74 years age group or with the prevention of ICU admission in any age group. Antiviral treatment had a protective effect in avoiding death in patients aged 65-74 years hospitalized due to influenza when administered ≤48 h after symptom onset and when no more than 7 days had elapsed.

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