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1.
Clin Epigenetics ; 11(1): 177, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31791414

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In order to gain insight into the contribution of DNA methylation to disease progression of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), using 450K Illumina arrays, we determined the DNA methylation profiles in paired pre-treatment/relapse samples from 34 CLL patients treated with chemoimmunotherapy, mostly (n = 31) with the fludarabine-cyclophosphamide-rituximab (FCR) regimen. RESULTS: The extent of identified changes in CLL cells versus memory B cells from healthy donors was termed "epigenetic burden" (EB) whereas the number of changes between the pre-treatment versus the relapse sample was termed "relapse changes" (RC). Significant (p < 0.05) associations were identified between (i) high EB and short time-to-first-treatment (TTFT); and, (ii) few RCs and short time-to-relapse. Both the EB and the RC clustered in specific genomic regions and chromatin states, including regulatory regions containing binding sites of transcription factors implicated in B cell and CLL biology. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, we show that DNA methylation in CLL follows different dynamics in response to chemoimmunotherapy. These epigenetic alterations were linked with specific clinical and biological features.

2.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3615, 2019 08 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31399598

RESUMO

Genome-wide association studies have provided evidence for inherited genetic predisposition to chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). To gain insight into the mechanisms underlying CLL risk we analyze chromatin accessibility, active regulatory elements marked by H3K27ac, and DNA methylation at 42 risk loci in up to 486 primary CLLs. We identify that risk loci are significantly enriched for active chromatin in CLL with evidence of being CLL-specific or differentially regulated in normal B-cell development. We then use in situ promoter capture Hi-C, in conjunction with gene expression data to reveal likely target genes of the risk loci. Candidate target genes are enriched for pathways related to B-cell development such as MYC and BCL2 signalling. At 14 loci the analysis highlights 63 variants as the probable functional basis of CLL risk. By integrating genetic and epigenetic information our analysis reveals novel insights into the relationship between inherited predisposition and the regulatory chromatin landscape of CLL.

3.
Haematologica ; 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31221779

RESUMO

Cell identity relies on the cross-talk between genetics and epigenetics and their impact on gene expression. Oxidation of 5-methylcytosine into 5-hydroxymethylcytosine is the first step of an active DNA demethylation process occurring mainly at enhancers and gene bodies and, as such, participates in processes governing cell identity in normal and pathological conditions. Although genetic alterations are well documented in multiple myeloma, epigenetic alterations associated with this disease have not yet been thoroughly analyzed. To gain insight into the biology of multiple myeloma, genome-wide 5-hydroxymethylcytosine profiles were obtained and showed that regions enriched in this modified base overlap with multiple myeloma enhancers and super enhancers and are close to highly expressed genes. Through the definition of a multiple myeloma-specific 5-hydroxymethylcytosine signature, we identified FAM72D as a poor prognostic gene located on 1q21, a region amplified in high risk myeloma. We further uncovered that FAM72D functions as part of the FOXM1 transcription factor network controlling cell proliferation and survival and evidenced an increased sensitivity of cells expressing high levels of FOXM1 and FAM72 to epigenetic drugs targeting histone deacetylases and DNA methyltransferases.

4.
Front Immunol ; 10: 878, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31105700

RESUMO

Common Variable Immunodeficiency (CVID) is characterized by impaired antibody production and poor terminal differentiation of the B cell compartment, yet its pathogenesis is still poorly understood. We first reported the occurrence of epigenetic alterations in CVID by high-throughput methylation analysis in CVID-discordant monozygotic twins. Data from a recent whole DNA methylome analysis throughout different stages of normal B cell differentiation allowed us to design a new experimental approach. We selected CpG sites for analysis based on two criteria: one, CpGs with potential association with the transcriptional status of relevant genes for B cell activation and differentiation; and two, CpGs that undergo significant demethylation from naïve to memory B cells in healthy individuals. DNA methylation was analyzed by bisulfite pyrosequencing of specific CpG sites in sorted naïve and memory B cell subsets from CVID patients and healthy donors. We observed impaired demethylation in two thirds of the selected CpGs in CVID memory B cells, in genes that govern B cell-specific processes or participate in B cell signaling. The degree of demethylation impairment associated with the extent of the memory B cell reduction. The impaired demethylation in such functionally relevant genes as AICDA in switched memory B cells correlated with a lower proliferative rate. Our new results reinforce the hypothesis of altered demethylation during B cell differentiation as a contributing pathogenic mechanism to the impairment of B cell function and maturation in CVID. In particular, deregulated epigenetic control of AICDA could play a role in the defective establishment of a post-germinal center B cell compartment in CVID.

5.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 821, 2019 02 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30778059

RESUMO

lncRNAs make up a majority of the human transcriptome and have key regulatory functions. Here we perform unbiased de novo annotation of transcripts expressed during the human humoral immune response to find 30% of the human genome transcribed during this process, yet 58% of these transcripts manifest striking differential expression, indicating an lncRNA phylogenetic relationship among cell types that is more robust than that of coding genes. We provide an atlas of lncRNAs in naive and GC B-cells that indicates their partition into ten functionally categories based on chromatin features, DNase hypersensitivity and transcription factor localization, defining lncRNAs classes such as enhancer-RNAs (eRNA), bivalent-lncRNAs, and CTCF-associated, among others. Specifically, eRNAs are transcribed in 8.6% of regular enhancers and 36.5% of super enhancers, and are associated with coding genes that participate in critical immune regulatory pathways, while plasma cells have uniquely high levels of circular-RNAs accounted for by and reflecting the combinatorial clonal state of the Immunoglobulin loci.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/fisiologia , Imunidade Humoral/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/imunologia , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/imunologia , Genoma Humano , Humanos , RNA
6.
Br J Haematol ; 185(1): 79-88, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30681722

RESUMO

Loss of B cell-specific transcription factors (TFs) and the resulting loss of B-cell phenotype of Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells is a hallmark of classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL). Here we have analysed two members of ETS domain containing TFs, ELF1 and ELF2, regarding (epi)genomic changes as well as gene and protein expression. We observed absence or lower levels of ELF1 protein in HRS cells of 31/35 (89%) cases compared to the bystander cells and significant (P < 0·01) downregulation of the gene on mRNA as well as protein level in cHL compared to non-cHL cell lines. However, no recurrent loss of ELF2 protein was observed. Moreover, ELF1 was targeted by heterozygous deletions combined with hypermethylation of the remaining allele(s) in 4/7 (57%) cell lines. Indeed, DNA hypermethylation (range 95-99%, mean 98%) detected in the vicinity of the ELF1 transcription start site was found in all 7/7 (100%) cHL cell lines. Similarly, 5/18 (28%) analysed primary biopsies carried heterozygous deletions of the gene. We demonstrate that expression of ELF1 is impaired in cHL through genetic and epigenetic alterations, and thus, it may represent an additional member of a TF network whose downregulation contributes to the loss of B-cell phenotype of HRS cells.

7.
Haematologica ; 104(8): 1572-1579, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30655376

RESUMO

In this study we interrogated the DNA methylome of myelofibrosis patients using high-density DNA methylation arrays. We detected 35,215 differentially methylated CpG, corresponding to 10,253 genes, between myelofibrosis patients and healthy controls. These changes were present both in primary and secondary myelofibrosis, which showed no differences between them. Remarkably, most differentially methylated CpG were located outside gene promoter regions and showed significant association with enhancer regions. This aberrant enhancer hypermethylation was negatively correlated with the expression of 27 genes in the myelofibrosis cohort. Of these, we focused on the ZFP36L1 gene and validated its decreased expression and enhancer DNA hypermethylation in an independent cohort of patients and myeloid cell-lines. In vitro reporter assay and 5'-azacitidine treatment confirmed the functional relevance of hyper-methylation of ZFP36L1 enhancer. Furthermore, in vitro rescue of ZFP36L1 expression had an impact on cell proliferation and induced apoptosis in SET-2 cell line indicating a possible role of ZFP36L1 as a tumor suppressor gene in myelofibrosis. Collectively, we describe the DNA methylation profile of myelofibrosis, identifying extensive changes in enhancer elements and revealing ZFP36L1 as a novel candidate tumor suppressor gene.

8.
Int J Cancer ; 144(11): 2695-2706, 2019 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30447004

RESUMO

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) stereotyped subsets #6 and #8 include cases expressing unmutated B cell receptor immunoglobulin (BcR IG) (U-CLL). Subset #6 (IGHV1-69/IGKV3-20) is less aggressive compared to subset #8 (IGHV4-39/IGKV1(D)-39) which has the highest risk for Richter's transformation among all CLL. The underlying reasons for this divergent clinical behavior are not fully elucidated. To gain insight into this issue, here we focused on epigenomic signatures and their links with gene expression, particularly investigating genome-wide DNA methylation profiles in subsets #6 and #8 as well as other U-CLL cases not expressing stereotyped BcR IG. We found that subset #8 showed a distinctive DNA methylation profile compared to all other U-CLL cases, including subset #6. Integrated analysis of DNA methylation and gene expression revealed significant correlation for several genes, particularly highlighting a relevant role for the TP63 gene which was hypomethylated and overexpressed in subset #8. This observation was validated by quantitative PCR, which also revealed TP63 mRNA overexpression in additional nonsubset U-CLL cases. BcR stimulation had distinct effects on p63 protein expression, particularly leading to induction in subset #8, accompanied by increased CLL cell survival. This pro-survival effect was also supported by siRNA-mediated downregulation of p63 expression resulting in increased apoptosis. In conclusion, we report that DNA methylation profiles may vary even among CLL patients with similar somatic hypermutation status, supporting a compartmentalized approach to dissecting CLL biology. Furthermore, we highlight p63 as a novel prosurvival factor in CLL, thus identifying another piece of the complex puzzle of clinical aggressiveness.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Apoptose/genética , Epigenômica/métodos , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/sangue , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/patologia , Masculino , Cultura Primária de Células , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima
10.
Nat Cell Biol ; 21(3): 410, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30559458

RESUMO

We, the authors, are retracting this Article due to issues that have come to our attention regarding data availability, data description and figure assembly. Specifically, original numerical data are not available for the majority of the graphs presented in the paper. Although original data were available for most EMSA and immunoblot experiments, those corresponding to the published EMSA data of Supplementary Fig. 8a, the independent replicate immunoblots of Fig. 8b and Supplementary Fig. 1e, and the independent replicate EMSA data of Supplementary Figs 6e, 8b, 8c and 8d, are unavailable. Mistakes were detected in the presentation of Figs 3c, 4i and Supplementary Figs 6a, 8a, 8d, 9, and in some cases the ß-actin immunoblots were erroneously described in the figure legends as loading controls, rather than as sample processing controls that were run on separate gels. Although we, the authors, believe that the key findings of the paper are still valid, given the issues with data availability we have concluded that the most appropriate course of action is to retract the Article. We deeply regret these errors and apologize to the scientific community for any confusion this publication may have caused. All authors agree with the retraction.

11.
Br J Haematol ; 184(3): 373-383, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30565652

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) comprise a family of non-coding transcripts that are emerging as relevant gene expression regulators of different processes, including tumour development. To determine the possible contribution of lncRNA to the pathogenesis of follicular lymphoma (FL) we performed RNA-sequencing at high depth sequencing in primary FL samples ranging from grade 1-3A to aggressive grade 3B variants using unpurified (n = 16) and purified (n = 12) tumour cell suspensions from nodal samples. FL grade 3B had a significantly higher number of differentially expressed lncRNAs (dif-lncRNAs) with potential target coding genes related to cell cycle regulation. Nine out of the 18 selected dif-lncRNAs were validated by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction in an independent series (n = 43) of FL. RP4-694A7.2 was identified as the top deregulated lncRNA potentially involved in cell proliferation. RP4-694A7.2 silencing in the WSU-FSCCL FL cell line reduced cell proliferation due to a block in the G1/S phase. The relationship between RP4-694A7.2 and proliferation was confirmed in primary samples as its expression levels positively related to the Ki-67 proliferation index. In summary, lncRNAs are differentially expressed across the clinico-biological spectrum of FL and a subset of them, related to cell cycle, may participate in cell proliferation regulation in these tumours.


Assuntos
Pontos de Checagem da Fase G1 do Ciclo Celular , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Linfoma Folicular/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/biossíntese , RNA Neoplásico/biossíntese , Pontos de Checagem da Fase S do Ciclo Celular , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/genética , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Masculino , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Neoplásico/genética
13.
Blood ; 132(10): 999-1006, 2018 09 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30037886

RESUMO

Understanding how tumor cells fundamentally alter their identity is critical to identify specific vulnerabilities for use in precision medicine. In B-cell malignancy, knowledge of genetic changes has resulted in great gains in our understanding of the biology of tumor cells, impacting diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment. Despite this knowledge, much remains to be explained as genetic events do not completely explain clinical behavior and outcomes. Many patients lack recurrent driver mutations, and said drivers can persist in nonmalignant cells of healthy individuals remaining cancer-free for decades. Epigenetics has emerged as a valuable avenue to further explain tumor phenotypes. The epigenetic landscape is the software that powers and stabilizes cellular identity by abridging a broad genome into the essential information required per cell. A genome-level view of B-cell malignancies reveals complex but recurrent epigenetic patterns that define tumor types and subtypes, permitting high-resolution classification and novel insight into tumor-specific mechanisms. Epigenetic alterations are guided by distinct cellular processes, such as polycomb-based silencing, transcription, signaling pathways, and transcription factor activity, and involve B-cell-specific aspects, such as activation-induced cytidine deaminase activity and germinal center-specific events. Armed with a detailed knowledge of the epigenetic events that occur across the spectrum of B-cell differentiation, B-cell tumor-specific aberrations can be detected with improved accuracy and serve as a model for identification of tumor-specific events in cancer. Insight gained through recent efforts may prove valuable in guiding the use of both epigenetic- and nonepigenetic-based therapies.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Metilação de DNA , DNA de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Epigênese Genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Hematológicas/metabolismo , Animais , Linfócitos B/patologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/patologia , Humanos
14.
J Biol Chem ; 293(6): 2183-2194, 2018 02 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29273634

RESUMO

Deubiquitinases are proteases with a wide functional diversity that profoundly impact multiple biological processes. Among them, the ubiquitin-specific protease 36 (USP36) has been implicated in the regulation of nucleolar activity. However, its functional relevance in vivo has not yet been fully described. Here, we report the generation of an Usp36-deficient mouse model to examine the function of this enzyme. We show that Usp36 depletion is lethal in preimplantation mouse embryos, where it blocks the transition from morula to blastocyst during embryonic development. USP36 reduces the ubiquitination levels and increases the stability of the DEAH-box RNA helicase DHX33, which is critically involved in ribosomal RNA synthesis and mRNA translation. In agreement with this finding, O-propargyl-puromycin incorporation experiments, Northern blot, and electron microscopy analyses demonstrated the role of USP36 in ribosomal RNA and protein synthesis. Finally, we show that USP36 down-regulation alters cell proliferation in human cancer cells by inducing both apoptosis and cell cycle arrest, and that reducing DHX33 levels through short hairpin RNA interference has the same effect. Collectively, these results support that Usp36 is essential for cell and organism viability because of its role in ribosomal RNA processing and protein synthesis, which is mediated, at least in part, by regulating DHX33 stability.


Assuntos
Blastocisto , RNA Helicases DEAD-box/química , Enzimas Desubiquitinantes/fisiologia , RNA Helicases/química , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/fisiologia , Animais , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Enzimas Desubiquitinantes/genética , Perda do Embrião , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Biossíntese de Proteínas , Estabilidade Proteica , RNA Ribossômico , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/genética
15.
Semin Cancer Biol ; 51: 139-148, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28851627

RESUMO

The epigenetic landscape undergoes a widespread modulation during embryonic development and cell differentiation. Within the hematopoietic system, B cells are perhaps the cell lineage with a more dynamic DNA methylome during their maturation process, which involves approximately one third of all the CpG sites of the genome. Although each B-cell maturation step displays its own DNA methylation fingerprint, the DNA methylome is more extensively modified in particular maturation transitions. These changes are gradually accumulated in specific chromatin environments as cell differentiation progresses and reflect different features and functional states of B cells. Promoters and enhancers of B-cell transcription factors acquire activation-related epigenetic marks and are sequentially expressed in particular maturation windows. These transcription factors further reconfigure the epigenetic marks and activity state of their target sites to regulate the expression of genes related to B-cell functions. Together with this observation, extensive DNA methylation changes in areas outside gene regulatory elements such as hypomethylation of heterochromatic regions and hypermethylation of CpG-rich regions, also take place in mature B cells, which intriguingly have been described as hallmarks of cancer. This process starts in germinal center B cells, a highly proliferative cell type, and becomes particularly apparent in long-lived cells such as memory and plasma cells. Overall, the characterization of the DNA methylome during B-cell differentiation not only provides insights into the complex epigenetic network of regulatory elements that mediate the maturation process but also suggests that late B cells also passively accumulate epigenetic changes related to cell proliferation and longevity.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/patologia , Diferenciação Celular , Metilação de DNA , Epigênese Genética , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Animais , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Genoma Humano , Humanos
17.
Nat Commun ; 8: 15424, 2017 05 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28548080

RESUMO

The indisputable role of epigenetics in cancer and the fact that epigenetic alterations can be reversed have favoured development of epigenetic drugs. In this study, we design and synthesize potent novel, selective and reversible chemical probes that simultaneously inhibit the G9a and DNMTs methyltransferase activity. In vitro treatment of haematological neoplasia (acute myeloid leukaemia-AML, acute lymphoblastic leukaemia-ALL and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma-DLBCL) with the lead compound CM-272, inhibits cell proliferation and promotes apoptosis, inducing interferon-stimulated genes and immunogenic cell death. CM-272 significantly prolongs survival of AML, ALL and DLBCL xenogeneic models. Our results represent the discovery of first-in-class dual inhibitors of G9a/DNMTs and establish this chemical series as a promising therapeutic tool for unmet needs in haematological tumours.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Metilases de Modificação do DNA/antagonistas & inibidores , Desenho de Drogas , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/tratamento farmacológico , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/genética , Apoptose/imunologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/genética , Cristalografia por Raios X , Metilases de Modificação do DNA/química , Metilases de Modificação do DNA/genética , Metilases de Modificação do DNA/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/uso terapêutico , Epigênese Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Neoplasias Hematológicas/genética , Neoplasias Hematológicas/imunologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade/química , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade/genética , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade/metabolismo , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/química , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/genética , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/metabolismo , Humanos , Interferons/imunologia , Interferons/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Microssomos Hepáticos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
18.
Cell Rep ; 17(8): 2101-2111, 2016 11 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27851971

RESUMO

DNA methylation and the localization and post-translational modification of nucleosomes are interdependent factors that contribute to the generation of distinct phenotypes from genetically identical cells. With 112 whole-genome bisulfite sequencing datasets from the BLUEPRINT Epigenome Project, we analyzed the global development of DNA methylation patterns during lineage commitment and maturation of a range of immune system effector cells and the cancers that arise from them. We show clear trends in methylation patterns that are distinct in the innate and adaptive arms of the human immune system, both globally and in relation to consistently positioned nucleosomes. Most notable are a progressive loss of methylation in developing lymphocytes and the consistent occurrence of non-CG methylation in specific cell types. Cancer samples from the two lineages are further polarized, suggesting the involvement of distinct lineage-specific epigenetic mechanisms. We anticipate broad utility for this resource as a basis for further comparative epigenetic analyses.


Assuntos
Imunidade Adaptativa/genética , Metilação de DNA/genética , Imunidade Inata/genética , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Sequência de Bases , Sítios de Ligação , Fator de Ligação a CCCTC , Fosfatos de Dinucleosídeos/genética , Éxons/genética , Humanos , Linfócitos/metabolismo , Células Mieloides/metabolismo , Nucleossomos
19.
Cancer Cell ; 30(5): 806-821, 2016 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27846393

RESUMO

We analyzed the in silico purified DNA methylation signatures of 82 mantle cell lymphomas (MCL) in comparison with cell subpopulations spanning the entire B cell lineage. We identified two MCL subgroups, respectively carrying epigenetic imprints of germinal-center-inexperienced and germinal-center-experienced B cells, and we found that DNA methylation profiles during lymphomagenesis are largely influenced by the methylation dynamics in normal B cells. An integrative epigenomic approach revealed 10,504 differentially methylated regions in regulatory elements marked by H3K27ac in MCL primary cases, including a distant enhancer showing de novo looping to the MCL oncogene SOX11. Finally, we observed that the magnitude of DNA methylation changes per case is highly variable and serves as an independent prognostic factor for MCL outcome.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos , Epigenômica/métodos , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/genética , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Linhagem da Célula , Simulação por Computador , Epigênese Genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Fatores de Transcrição SOXC/genética
20.
Reprod Biomed Online ; 33(6): 709-719, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27692602

RESUMO

The influence of aberrant sperm DNA methylation on the reproductive capacity of couples has been postulated as a cause of infertility. This study compared the DNA methylation of spermatozoa of 19 fertile donors and 42 infertile patients using the Illumina 450K array. Clustering analysis of methylation data arranged fertile and infertile patients into two groups. Bivariate clustering analysis identified a differential distribution of samples according to the characteristics of seminogram and age, suggesting a possible link between these parameters and specific methylation profiles. The study identified 696 differentially methylated cytosine-guanine dinucleotides (CpG) associated with 501 genes between fertile donors and infertile patients. Ontological enrichment analysis revealed 13 processes related to spermatogenesis. Data filtering identified a set of 17 differentially methylated genes, some of which had functions relating to spermatogenesis. A significant association was identified between RPS6KA2 hypermethylation and advanced age (P = 0.016); APCS hypermethylation and oligozoospermia (P = 0.041); JAM3/NCAPD3 hypermethylation and numerical chromosome sperm anomalies (P = 0.048); and ANK2 hypermethylation and lower pregnancy rate (P = 0.040). This description of a set of differentially methylated genes provides a framework for further investigation into the influence of such variation in male fertility in larger patient cohorts.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , Infertilidade Masculina/genética , Espermatogênese/genética , Espermatozoides/metabolismo , Adulto , Análise por Conglomerados , Ilhas de CpG , Feminino , Fertilidade/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Oligospermia/genética , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Reprodução , Adulto Jovem
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