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1.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 97: 76-87, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30953679

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a human chronic, immune disease with severe cutaneous and systemic manifestations. Its prevalence, among the world population, highly varies with ethnicity and geography, but not sex from remarkable low levels in Asia to 2.3% in Spain, or an impressive 11.5% in Norway. The pathogenesis of psoriasis derives from complex genetic and environmental interactions, which creates aberrant crosstalk between keratinocytes and variated immune cell, resulting in open amplified inflammatory and pro-proliferative circuits. Both, innate and adaptive immune systems are known to be involved in the response at the cellular and humoral levels. Nevertheless, the exact molecular mechanisms are still under debate. Therefore, discovering useful therapeutic targets to stretch the molecular gaps in psoriasis pathogenesis and its associated comorbidities is still mandatory. So far, some mutagenic or pharmacological studies in vitro or using comparative vertebrate models have provided critical molecular insights and directed the human research. Although highly feasible in rodents, the versatile physiology, genetic similarity to humans and outstanding molecular toolbox available, suggest that elaborate forward genetic screenings are far easier to be conducted using the zebrafish model. Thus, in this review, we intend to briefly overview psoriasis and revise in a digested fashion the preclinical research models available, emphasizing the zebrafish as a powerful tool in the study of immune effectors on the same, and how it supports the discovering of new therapies that may help in controlling this widespread disease around the globe.


Assuntos
Modelos Animais de Doenças , Interação Gene-Ambiente , Psoríase/imunologia , Pele/imunologia , Animais , Ásia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Noruega/epidemiologia , Psoríase/epidemiologia , Psoríase/genética , Pele/metabolismo , Pele/patologia , Espanha/epidemiologia , Peixe-Zebra
2.
Cir Pediatr ; 32(1): 28-33, 2019 Jan 21.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30714698

RESUMO

AIM OF THE STUDY: mTOR inhibitors are being used to treat complex vascular anomalies (VA) without response to conventional treatments. We report our results in pediatric patients treated with sirolimus. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients treated with sirolimus between 2014 and 2017, analyzing vascular anomaly type, treatment response and complications. Treatment protocol included patients with complex vascular anomalies, after signing the informed consent. The initial dose was 0.8 mg/m2/12 h, verifying plasmatic levels. Favorable response was defined both in clinical and radiological terms. MAIN RESULTS: Sirolimus was employed in nine patients, median age 14 months old (1 month-14 years), 66% girls. Five complex micro-cystic lymphatic malformations (LM), one multifocal lynphangioendotheliomatosis with thrombocytopenia, one kaposiform lymphangiomatosis, one lymphatic-venous malformation and one kaposiform hemangioendothelioma (KHE) were treated. Median treatment was 4 months (IQR 2-18 months). Resolution or improvement was objectified in four patients (44%). KHE patient presented complete resolution after two months of treatment. Two patients with micro-cystic LM and the one with lymphatic-venous malformation improved after a median treatment of three months. Two patients presented rebound effect after discontinuing treatment. Three patients had hypertransaminasemia and hypercholesterolemia without requiring medical treatment. CONCLUSION: Sirolimus presented mild effects for treatment of complex VA in our study, but was highly resolutive at KHE.


Assuntos
Sirolimo/uso terapêutico , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/antagonistas & inibidores , Malformações Vasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sirolimo/farmacologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Malformações Vasculares/fisiopatologia
3.
Cir. pediátr ; 32(1): 28-33, ene. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-182480

RESUMO

Objetivos: Los inhibidores mTOR se están utilizando para el tratamiento de anomalías vasculares (AV) complejas sin respuesta a tratamientos convencionales. Presentamos nuestros resultados en pacientes pediátricos tratados con sirolimus. Métodos: Análisis retrospectivo de pacientes tratados con Sirolimus, entre 2014 y 2017, describiendo el tipo de anomalía vascular, respuesta al tratamiento y complicaciones derivadas de su empleo. Se incluyeron pacientes con anomalías vasculares complejas, tras firma del consentimiento informado y con dosis inicial de 0,8 mg/m2/12 horas, monitorizando niveles plasmáticos. Se definió respuesta favorable tanto en términos clínicos como radiológicos. Resultados: Recibieron sirolimus 9 pacientes, mediana de edad de 14 meses (RIQ: 1 mes-14 años). El 66% fueron niñas. Se trataron 5 malformaciones linfáticas (ML) microquísticas complejas (en algunas como coadyuvante a otros tratamientos), 1 linfangioendoteliomatosis multifocal con trombopenia, 1 linfangiomatosis kaposiforme, 1 malformación mixta veno-linfática, 1 hemangioendotelioma kaposiforme (HEK). Mediana de tratamiento: 4 meses (2-18 meses). En 6 pacientes (66%) se objetivó resolución o mejoría de las lesiones. El paciente con HEK mostró resolución completa tras 2 meses de tratamiento. En dos pacientes con ML microquística y en el paciente con malformación mixta, se apreció mejoría clínica y disminución del tamaño de las lesiones tras una mediana de tratamiento de 3 meses. Se apreció efecto rebote en dos ML al suspender el tratamiento. Tres pacientes presentaron hipertransaminasemia e hipercolesterolemia, sin precisar tratamiento médico. Conclusiones: En nuestro estudio, objetivamos que el sirolimus tuvo una eficacia moderada en el tratamiento de AV complejas, pero fue resolutivo en el HEK


Aim of the study: mTOR inhibitors are being used to treat complex vascular anomalies (VA) without response to conventional treatments. We report our results in pediatric patients treated with sirolimus. Methods: Retrospective review of patients treated with sirolimus between 2014 and 2017, analyzing vascular anomaly type, treatment response and complications. Treatment protocol included patients with complex vascular anomalies, after signing the informed consent. The initial dose was 0.8 mg/m2/12 h, verifying plasmatic levels. Favorable response was defined both in clinical and radiological terms. Main results: Sirolimus was employed in nine patients, median age 14 months old (1 month-14 years), 66% girls. Five complex microcystic lymphatic malformations (LM), one multifocal lynphangioendotheliomatosis with thrombocytopenia, one kaposiform lymphangiomatosis, one lymphatic-venous malformation and one kaposiform hemangioendothelioma (KHE) were treated. Median treatment was 4 months (IQR 2-18 months). Resolution or improvement was objectified in four patients (44%). KHE patient presented complete resolution after two months of treatment. Two patients with micro-cystic LM and the one with lymphatic-venous malformation improved after a median treatment of three months. Two patients presented rebound effect after discontinuing treatment. Three patients had hypertransaminasemia and hypercholesterolemia without requiring medical treatment. Conclusion: Sirolimus presented mild effects for treatment of complex VA in our study, but was highly resolutive at KHE


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Sirolimo/administração & dosagem , Malformações Vasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Actas dermo-sifiliogr. (Ed. impr.) ; 109(6): 529-535, jul.-ago. 2018. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-175615

RESUMO

Introducción: El tratamiento de la rosácea papulopustulosa (RPP) ha consistido durante años en el uso de tetraciclinas orales y antibióticos tópicos. Pero no es infrecuente encontrar casos de RPP resistentes al tratamiento convencional. Azitromicina oral ha demostrado ser una opción eficaz para estos pacientes no respondedores. Material y método: Se realizó un estudio piloto prospectivo con 16 pacientes con RPP no respondedores al tratamiento convencional (doxiciclina oral y metronidazol gel) que recibieron tratamiento con azitromicina oral. En la visita inicial (visita 1) se realizó una valoración basal del estadio clínico de la RPP, según 4 niveles de gravedad progresiva, y se inició tratamiento con azitromicina oral. A las 8 semanas de finalizar el tratamiento (visita 2) se evaluó la respuesta clínica según 3 niveles de mejoría respecto al estadio clínico basal. Posteriormente, para evaluar la eficacia de azitromicina oral a largo plazo, se realizaron visitas periódicas cada 12 semanas. Resultados: Todos los pacientes que recibieron tratamiento con azitromicina oral mejoraron de su RPP. A las 8 semanas de finalizar el tratamiento se objetivó un eritema facial residual débil o nulo, con desaparición completa de las pápulas y/o pústulas en el 87,5% de los pacientes. En cuanto al mantenimiento de la eficacia a largo plazo, únicamente 2 pacientes presentaron una recidiva de lesiones inflamatorias de RPP. Conclusiones: Los resultados de nuestro estudio evidencian que azitromicina oral podría ser un fármaco de gran eficacia a corto y largo plazo para el manejo de aquellos casos de RPP resistentes al tratamiento convencional


Introduction: Oral tetracyclines and topical antibiotics have been used to treat papulopustular rosacea (PPR) for years, but it is not uncommon to find patients who do not respond to this standard treatment. In such refractory cases, oral azithromycin has proven to be an effective option. Material and method: We conducted a prospective pilot study of 16 patients with PPR who were treated with oral azithromycin after a lack of response to oral doxycycline and metronidazole gel. At the first visit, the patients were assessed for baseline severity of PPR on a 4-point clinical scale and started on oral azithromycin. At the second visit, response to treatment in terms of improvement from baseline was evaluated on a 3-point scale. Patients were then scheduled for follow-up visits every 12 weeks to assess long-term effectiveness. Results: All 16 patients experienced an improvement in their PPR following treatment with oral azithromycin. Eight weeks after completion of treatment, 14 patients (87.5%) showed complete or almost complete recovery (slight or no residual redness and complete clearance of papules and pustules). Only 2 patients experienced a new episode of inflammatory PPR lesions during follow-up. Conclusions: The findings of this pilot study suggest that oral azithromycin could be a very effective short-term and long-term treatment for RPP resistant to conventional treatment


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Rosácea/tratamento farmacológico , Azitromicina/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Eritema/tratamento farmacológico
5.
Actas Dermosifiliogr ; 109(6): 529-535, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29699769

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Oral tetracyclines and topical antibiotics have been used to treat papulopustular rosacea (PPR) for years, but it is not uncommon to find patients who do not respond to this standard treatment. In such refractory cases, oral azithromycin has proven to be an effective option. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We conducted a prospective pilot study of 16 patients with PPR who were treated with oral azithromycin after a lack of response to oral doxycycline and metronidazole gel. At the first visit, the patients were assessed for baseline severity of PPR on a 4-point clinical scale and started on oral azithromycin. At the second visit, response to treatment in terms of improvement from baseline was evaluated on a 3-point scale. Patients were then scheduled for follow-up visits every 12 weeks to assess long-term effectiveness. RESULTS: All 16 patients experienced an improvement in their PPR following treatment with oral azithromycin. Eight weeks after completion of treatment, 14 patients (87.5%) showed complete or almost complete recovery (slight or no residual redness and complete clearance of papules and pustules). Only 2 patients experienced a new episode of inflammatory PPR lesions during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this pilot study suggest that oral azithromycin could be a very effective short-term and long-term treatment for RPP resistant to conventional treatment.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Azitromicina/administração & dosagem , Rosácea/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Oral , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Cir. pediátr ; 28(3): 142-147, jul. 2015. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-152316

RESUMO

Introducción. Los hemangiomas cérvico-faciales son considerados segmentarios cuando afectan a un área específica de la cara y miden más de 5 cm y, en ocasiones, forman parte del síndrome de PHACE. Nuestro objetivo es proponer el tratamiento de dichos hemangiomas con propranolol en etapa neonatal, mostrando su eficacia/seguridad dado que existe poca evidencia al respecto. Observación clínica. Revisamos 4 pacientes diagnosticados de hemangioma segmentario facial. Los neonatos fueron tratados de forma hospitalaria inicial con propranolol, tras firma de consentimiento informado, y fueron ingresados para control de aparición de complicaciones. Tres de los cuatro casos clínicos fueron diagnosticados de síndrome de PHACE. El propranolol fue efectivo en el 100% de los pacientes, demostrando involución de los hemangiomas. Comentarios. En nuestra serie el propranolol fue eficaz sin evidenciar complicaciones en el período neonatal. Si los beneficios del propranolol sobrepasan los riesgos, se recomienda administrar la menor dosis eficaz, de forma hospitalaria y precoz para obtener mejores resultado


Introduction. Segmental cervico facial hemangiomas are defined as those longer than 5 cm, affecting a specific facial area. These lesions can be eventually associated with the PHACE syndrome. Our aim is to propose neonatal treatment with propranolol, showing its efficacy/ safety, given the scarce evidence on its neonatal use. Clinical observation. After written informed consent, four patients with segmental facial hemangioma were treated with propranolol in the neonatal period. Adverse effects were registered during initial admission. Three of the four patients had PHACE syndrome. Propranolol was effective in 100% of patients, showing hemangioma´s involution without any adverse effect. Comments. In our series, propranolol was effective and showed no side effects in the neonatal period. If propranolol benefits are greater than its risks, administration of the lowest effective dose is recommended, under hospital surveillance, starting shortly after diagnosis, in order to achieve improved efficacy


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Propranolol/uso terapêutico , Hemangioma/tratamento farmacológico , Segurança do Paciente , Resultado do Tratamento , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta
11.
Actas dermo-sifiliogr. (Ed. impr.) ; 106(3): 201-207, abr. 2015. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-136076

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVO: La técnica de la biopsia selectiva del ganglio centinela (BSGC) es la mejor herramienta para la estadificación ganglionar en el melanoma, permitiendo la realización de una linfadenectomía selectiva, es decir, reservada solo a aquellos pacientes que muestran el GC positivo para metástasis. Nuestro objetivo fue evaluar el coste económico de la técnica de la BSGC, ya que se ha convertido en el procedimiento recomendado como estándar en la atención al paciente con melanoma, y es necesaria para la inclusión de los pacientes en los ensayos clínicos. Existe además escasa bibliografía en nuestro medio sobre su relevancia económica. MÉTODO: De forma prospectiva se recogieron 100 pacientes a los que se realizó la técnica entre los años 2007-2010 con un procesamiento histológico transhiliar bivalvo multisecciones. Realizamos un cálculo aproximado del precio de la técnica utilizando las tarifas de precios oficiales de la Región de Murcia. RESULTADOS: El porcentaje de positividad de nuestra serie fue del 20%, con un número medio de ganglios de 1,96 y un 44% de melanomas delgados. El precio total de la técnica es de 9.486,57- 10.471,29 euros, siendo una parte muy importante de la misma atribuible al procesamiento histopatológico (5.769,36 euros). DISCUSIÓN: La técnica de la BSGC tiene un precio muy considerable, aunque en consonancia con otras referencias americanas previamente descritas. La optimización de la técnica vendrá dada en función de la selección cada vez más adecuada de los pacientes que deben someterse a ella, y a la estandarización de un modelo histopatológico sensible en la detección, pero a la vez sencillo en el procesamiento


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is the most useful tool for node staging in melanoma. SLNB facilitates selective dissection of lymph nodes, that is, the performance of lymphadenectomy only in patients with sentinel nodes positive for metastasis. Our aim was to assess the cost of SLNB, given that this procedure has become the standard of care for patients with melanoma and must be performed whenever patients are to be enrolled in clinical trials. Furthermore, the literature on the economic impact of SLNB in Spain is scarce. METHOD: From 2007 to 2010, we prospectively collected data for 100 patients undergoing SLNB followed by transhilar bivalving and multiple-level sectioning of the node for histology. Our estimation of the cost of the technique was based on official pricing and fee schedules for the Spanish region of Murcia. RESULTS: The rate of node-positive cases in our series was 20%, and the mean number of nodes biopsied was 1.96; 44% of the patients in the series had thin melanomas. The total cost was estimated at between D 9486.57 and D 10 471.29. Histopathology accounted for a considerable portion of the cost (D 5769.36). DISCUSSION: The cost of SLNB is high, consistent with amounts described for a US setting. Optimaluse of SLNB will come with the increasingly appropriate selection of patients who should undergo the procedure and the standardization of a protocol for histopathologic evaluation that is both sensitive and easy to perform


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/métodos , Melanoma/complicações , Melanoma/metabolismo , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/classificação , Seleção de Pacientes , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Metástase Linfática , Linfocintigrafia , Espanha/etnologia
12.
Cir Pediatr ; 28(3): 142-147, 2015 Jul 20.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27775309

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Segmental cervico facial hemangiomas are defined as those longer than 5 cm, affecting a specific facial area. These lesions can be eventually associated with the PHACE syndrome. Our aim is to propose neonatal treatment with propranolol, showing its efficacy/safety, given the scarce evidence on its neonatal use. CLINICAL OBSERVATION: After written informed consent, four patients with segmental facial hemangioma were treated with propranolol in the neonatal period. Adverse effects were registered during initial admission. Three of the four patients had PHACE syndrome. Propranolol was effective in 100% of patients, showing hemangioma´s involution without any adverse effect. COMMENTS: In our series, propranolol was effective and showed no side effects in the neonatal period. If propranolol benefits are greater than its risks, administration of the lowest effective dose is recommended, under hospital surveillance, starting shortly after diagnosis, in order to achieve improved efficacy.

13.
Actas Dermosifiliogr ; 106(3): 201-7, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25527196

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is the most useful tool for node staging in melanoma. SLNB facilitates selective dissection of lymph nodes, that is, the performance of lymphadenectomy only in patients with sentinel nodes positive for metastasis. Our aim was to assess the cost of SLNB, given that this procedure has become the standard of care for patients with melanoma and must be performed whenever patients are to be enrolled in clinical trials. Furthermore, the literature on the economic impact of SLNB in Spain is scarce. METHOD: From 2007 to 2010, we prospectively collected data for 100 patients undergoing SLNB followed by transhilar bivalving and multiple-level sectioning of the node for histology. Our estimation of the cost of the technique was based on official pricing and fee schedules for the Spanish region of Murcia. RESULTS: The rate of node-positive cases in our series was 20%, and the mean number of nodes biopsied was 1.96; 44% of the patients in the series had thin melanomas. The total cost was estimated at between €9486.57 and €10471.29. Histopathology accounted for a considerable portion of the cost (€5769.36). DISCUSSION: The cost of SLNB is high, consistent with amounts described for a US setting. Optimal use of SLNB will come with the increasingly appropriate selection of patients who should undergo the procedure and the standardization of a protocol for histopathologic evaluation that is both sensitive and easy to perform.


Assuntos
Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfocintigrafia/economia , Melanoma/secundário , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/economia , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Masculino , Melanoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Melanoma/economia , Melanoma/patologia , Seleção de Pacientes , Estudos Prospectivos , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Espanha , Compostos de Tecnécio , Compostos de Estanho
15.
Actas dermo-sifiliogr. (Ed. impr.) ; 103(4): 308-316, mayo 2012.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-101382

RESUMO

Introducción: El queratoacantoma (QA) es un tumor cutáneo crateriforme, de crecimiento rápido; aproximadamente el 25% de los QA presentan transformación maligna (QAm), observándose áreas de carcinoma epidermoide (CE). La laminina-332 se ha relacionado con progresión a fases invasoras en diversos CE. El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar si la tinción con laminina-332 es útil para distinguir QA, QAm y CE. Material y métodos: Seleccionamos 74 casos del archivo de Anatomía Patológica. Se analizaron 4 grupos: 20 QA sin CE, 20 QAm con áreas evidentes de CE, 20 CE invasores sin relación con QA (8 con morfología crateriforme) y 14 casos «problema» (QA con «dudosas» áreas de CE). Posteriormente se realizó tinción inmunohistoquímica para laminina-332 a todas estas lesiones. Resultados: En las áreas de CE asociado a QAm y en los CE invasores, la tinción con laminina fue positiva de forma intensa, habitualmente en el frente invasor del CE, a diferencia de los QA, en que la tinción fue positiva solo de forma débil y focal, en células aisladas o en pequeños «grupos» celulares. Los casos «problema» se reexaminaron tras valorar la tinción con laminina-332 (8 se diagnosticaron de QA con CE incipiente, 6 de QA sin CE). Conclusiones: La tinción con laminina-332 es diferente en los QA respecto a los CE, por lo que ayudaría a diferenciar los QA de los CE invasores y de las áreas de CE en QAm, así como en el diagnóstico de QA con «dudosas» áreas de CE y QA con CE incipientes (AU)


Introduction: Keratoacanthoma is a fast-growing crateriform skin tumor. Approximately 25% of such tumors undergo malignant transformation and develop areas of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). The presence of laminin-322 has been associated with progression to invasive forms of SCC. The aim of this study was to determine whether or not immunohistochemical staining for laminin-322 would be of value in distinguishing between keratoacanthomas, keratoacanthomas with areas of squamous cell carcinoma, and SCCs. Material and methods: Seventy-four lesions were selected from the pathology archives of our hospital and divided into 4 groups: 20 keratoacanthomas without SCC, 20 keratoacanthomas with areas of squamous cell carcinoma, 20 invasive SCCs (8 with crateriform morphology) unrelated to keratoacanthoma, and 14 problem lesions (keratoacanthomas with areas suggestive of SCC). All 74 lesions were stained for laminin-322. Results: Laminin-322 staining was strongly positive both in areas of SCC in keratoacanthomas with malignant transformation and in invasive SCCs (mostly at the invasive front of the SCC). However, in benign keratoacanthomas, it was only weakly positive and furthermore it was confined to isolated cells or small groups of cells. The 14 problem lesions were reexamined after laminin-322 staining and 8 were diagnosed as keratoacanthomas with incipient SCC and 6 as keratoacanthomas without SCC. Conclusions: Laminin-322 staining is different in keratoacanthomas and SCCs and would thus be a useful test for differentiating keratoacanthomas from both invasive SCCs and keratoacanthomas with areas of squamous cell carcinoma. It would also be of value in diagnosing keratoacanthomas with areas suggestive of SCC or with incipient SCC (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Laminina , Ceratoacantoma/diagnóstico , Ceratoacantoma/patologia , Laminina/imunologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Imuno-Histoquímica , Imuno-Histoquímica/métodos , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado
16.
Actas Dermosifiliogr ; 103(4): 308-16, 2012 May.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22176864

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Keratoacanthoma is a fast-growing crateriform skin tumor. Approximately 25% of such tumors undergo malignant transformation and develop areas of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). The presence of laminin-322 has been associated with progression to invasive forms of SCC. The aim of this study was to determine whether or not immunohistochemical staining for laminin-322 would be of value in distinguishing between keratoacanthomas, keratoacanthomas with areas of squamous cell carcinoma, and SCCs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy-four lesions were selected from the pathology archives of our hospital and divided into 4 groups: 20 keratoacanthomas without SCC, 20 keratoacanthomas with areas of squamous cell carcinoma, 20 invasive SCCs (8 with crateriform morphology) unrelated to keratoacanthoma, and 14 problem lesions (keratoacanthomas with areas suggestive of SCC). All 74 lesions were stained for laminin-322. RESULTS: Laminin-322 staining was strongly positive both in areas of SCC in keratoacanthomas with malignant transformation and in invasive SCCs (mostly at the invasive front of the SCC). However, in benign keratoacanthomas, it was only weakly positive and furthermore it was confined to isolated cells or small groups of cells. The 14 problem lesions were reexamined after laminin-322 staining and 8 were diagnosed as keratoacanthomas with incipient SCC and 6 as keratoacanthomas without SCC. CONCLUSIONS: Laminin-322 staining is different in keratoacanthomas and SCCs and would thus be a useful test for differentiating keratoacanthomas from both invasive SCCs and keratoacanthomas with areas of squamous cell carcinoma. It would also be of value in diagnosing keratoacanthomas with areas suggestive of SCC or with incipient SCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Moléculas de Adesão Celular , Ceratoacantoma/patologia , Dermatopatias/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Coloração e Rotulagem
20.
Actas Dermosifiliogr ; 99(9): 727-30, 2008 Nov.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19087813

RESUMO

We present the cases of 2 regular cocaine users aged 30 and 37 years who developed a cutaneous condition with an identical presentation and a similar clinical course. The lesions first appeared as eruptions on the back and then spread to other parts of the body. They consisted of painful inflammatory nodules that developed into abscesses and ulcers that grew outwards. They had a granulomatous base and irregular violaceous edges. The results of histopathologic studies were compatible with the clinical diagnosis of pyoderma gangrenosum, and additional tests ruled out underlying diseases. After several therapeutic failures with usual treatments, the patients responded quickly to infliximab after interrupting their cocaine consumption. The association between pyoderma gangrenosum and cocaine use was clear as both suffered clinical relapses at the same time as they started using the drug again.


Assuntos
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Cocaína/complicações , Pioderma Gangrenoso/etiologia , Administração por Inalação , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino
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