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1.
Br J Pharmacol ; 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32056196

RESUMO

Pancreatic ß-cells are central regulators of glucose homeostasis. By tightly coupling nutrient sensing and granule exocytosis ß-cells adjust the secretion of insulin to the circulating blood glucose levels. Failure of ß-cells to augment insulin secretion in insulin-resistant individuals leads progressively to impaired glucose tolerance, Type 2 diabetes and diabetes-related diseases. Mitochondria play a crucial role in ß-cell during nutrient stimulation, linking the metabolism of glucose and other secretagogues to the generation of signals that promote insulin secretion. Mitochondria are double-membrane organelles containing numerous channels allowing the transport of ions across both membranes. These channels regulate mitochondrial energy production, signaling and cell death. ß-cell mitochondria express ion channels whose physio/pathological role is underappreciated. Here we describe the mitochondrial ion channels identified in pancreatic ß-cells, we further discuss the possibility of targeting specific ß-cell mitochondrial channels for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes and we finally highlight the evidences from clinical studies.

3.
J Invest Dermatol ; 140(2): 257-268.e8, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31980058

RESUMO

Pigmentation of the skin and hair represents the result of melanin biosynthesis within melanosomes of epidermal melanocytes, followed by the transfer of mature melanin granules to adjacent keratinocytes within the basal layer of the epidermis. Natural variation in these processes produces the diversity of skin and hair color among human populations, and defects in these processes lead to diseases such as oculocutaneous albinism. While genetic regulators of pigmentation have been well studied in human and animal models, we are still learning much about the cell biological features that regulate melanogenesis, melanosome maturation, and melanosome motility in melanocytes, and have barely scratched the surface in our understanding of melanin transfer from melanocytes to keratinocytes. Herein, we describe cultured cell model systems and common assays that have been used by investigators to dissect these features and that will hopefully lead to additional advances in the future.

4.
Food Res Int ; 128: 108773, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31955746

RESUMO

Volatile and non-volatile compounds in coffee directly affect the beverage's quality. This study aimed to demonstrate how the organic acids and volatile profiles were impacted by coffee fermentation using four starter cultures (Meyerozyma caribbica (CCMA 0198), Saccharomyces cerevisiae (CCMA 0543), Candida parapsilosis (CCMA0544), and Torulaspora delbrueckii (CCMA 0684)) inoculated in two varieties of coffee (Bourbon Amarelo and Canário Amarelo) using natural and pulped natural processing methods and sensory perception. Real-time PCR (qPCR) was used to verify the dynamic behavior of yeast populations. Organic acids were detected using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used to detected volatile compounds. Sensory analysis was performed on the roasted coffee. Citric, malic, succinic, lactic, oxalic, isobutyric, and propionic acids and 105 volatile compounds were detected. At the beginning of fermentation, treatments with natural processing presented higher number of volatiles compounds. After fermentation, the main compounds groups were acids, alcohols, and aldehydes. The perception of sensory attribute (fruity, nutty, cocoa) varied with the coffee variety, type of processing, and type of inoculum. The use of yeasts is an alternative for sensorial differentiation of coffee variety Canário Amarelo and Bourbon Amarelo. The stainless-steel containers showed good results for coffee fermentation.

5.
Arch Iran Med ; 22(8): 453-460, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679348

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mutations and polymorphisms of the GSK3ß gene have been associated with several diseases including Alzheimer disease, diabetes and cancer; however, to date, no variants of this gene have been associated with colorectal cancer (CRC). This study aims to explore, for the first time, the association of the GSK3ß rs334558 and rs6438552 polymorphisms with CRC. METHODS: Genomic DNA from 330 CRC patients and healthy blood donors were analyzed. Identification of polymorphisms was made by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) methodology. Association was calculated by the odds ratio (OR) test. RESULTS: Patients carrying the C/T genotype for the rs334558 (T>C) polymorphism showed an increased risk for CRC (OR = 1.71, 95% CI: 1.05-2.79, P = 0.039); this association was also observed for TNM stage and tumor location. For the rs6438552 (T>C) polymorphism, the OR analysis showed that patients carrying C/T and C/C genotypes have a decreased risk for CRC (OR = 0.44, 95% CI: 0.27-0.70, P = 0.001 and OR = 0.24, 95% CI: 0.10-0.64, P = 0.001, respectively); this decreased risk was also evident in the stratified analysis by TNM stage and tumor location. Haplotype analysis of these 2 loci of GSK3ß (rs334558 and rs6438552) showed differential distribution. The T-T and C-C haplotype was associated with a decreased risk of CRC, while the T-C haplotype was associated with an increased risk of CRC. CONCLUSION: Our results denote that GSK3ß gene polymorphisms play a significant role in promoting or preventing CRC. Additionally, variations in this gene are associated with the tumor site and the tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage in these patients.

6.
Tohoku J Exp Med ; 249(3): 173-183, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31723073

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer and the second leading cause of death worldwide. The named "destruction complex" has a critical function in the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway regulating the level of ß-catenin in the cytoplasm and nucleus. Alterations in this complex lead to the cellular accumulation of ß-catenin, which participates in the development and progression of CRC. This study aims to determine the contribution of polymorphisms in the genes of the ß-catenin destruction complex to develop CRC, specifically adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) (rs11954856 G>T and rs459552 A>T), axis inhibition protein 1 (AXIN1) (rs9921222 C>T and rs1805105 C>T), AXIN2 (rs7224837 A>G), and dishevelled 2 (DVL2) (2074222 G>A and rs222836 C>T). Genomic DNA from 180 sporadic colorectal cancer patients and 150 healthy blood donors were analyzed. The identification of polymorphisms was made by polymerase chain reaction followed by restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) methodology. Association was calculated by the odds ratio (OR) test. Increased susceptibility to CRC was associated with the polymorphic variants rs11954856 (APC), rs222836 (DVL2), and rs9921222 (AXIN1). Decreased susceptibility was associated with the polymorphisms rs459552 (APC) and 2074222 (DVL2). Association was also observed with advanced Tumor-Node-Metastasis (TNM) stages and tumor location. The haplotypes G-T in APC (rs11954856-rs459552) and A-C in DVL2 (rs2074222-rs222836) were associated with decreased risk of CRC, while the G-T haplotype in the DVL2 gene was associated with increased CRC risk. In conclusion, our results suggest that variants in the destruction complex genes may be involved in the promotion or prevention of colorectal cancer.

7.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4120, 2019 09 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511526

RESUMO

Biological electron transport is classically thought to occur over nanometre distances, yet recent studies suggest that electrical currents can run along centimetre-long cable bacteria. The phenomenon remains elusive, however, as currents have not been directly measured, nor have the conductive structures been identified. Here we demonstrate that cable bacteria conduct electrons over centimetre distances via highly conductive fibres embedded in the cell envelope. Direct electrode measurements reveal nanoampere currents in intact filaments up to 10.1 mm long (>2000 adjacent cells). A network of parallel periplasmic fibres displays a high conductivity (up to 79 S cm-1), explaining currents measured through intact filaments. Conductance rapidly declines upon exposure to air, but remains stable under vacuum, demonstrating that charge transfer is electronic rather than ionic. Our finding of a biological structure that efficiently guides electrical currents over long distances greatly expands the paradigm of biological charge transport and could enable new bio-electronic applications.


Assuntos
Bactérias/metabolismo , Condutividade Elétrica , Bactérias/ultraestrutura , Transporte de Elétrons , Fatores de Tempo , Vácuo
8.
Arch Med Res ; 50(3): 151-157, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31495392

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Interleukin (IL)-1 family of cytokines plays a key role in the inflammatory response. Genes coding for IL-1α, IL-1ß, and IL-1Ra are located together as a block gene known as the IL-1 cluster. This genomic region shows wide nucleotide variability, and some polymorphisms have been widely studied and associated with features related to the metabolic syndrome. METHODS: Eight polymorphisms within three genes of the IL-1 cluster, including IL1A (rs3783553, rs17561, and rs1800587), IL1B (rs1143634, rs1143627, and rs16944) and IL1RN (rs419598 and rs2234663) were genotyped in 460 Mexican adolescents. Genotype and haplotype frequencies are reported, as well as the linkage disequilibrium analysis. Genetic associations with some anthropometric and metabolic traits were evaluated. RESULTS: Allele frequencies were similar to those found in other populations, and genotype proportions were according to the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Seven haplotypes were observed at frequencies ≥5%. Of the entire cluster, only the rs17561-rs1800587 and rs1143627-rs16944 pairs showed highest and significant linkage disequilibrium values. An haplotype of IL1A, rs17561T-rs1800587T, was significantly associated with increase in body mass index in males (p <0.008), whereas IL1B and IL1RN variants showed associations with insulin, and hs-CRP (p <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Some MetS parameters seem to be influenced by variations in the IL-1 gene cluster in Mexican adolescents. These variations may confer risk for metabolic alterations from early ages, and and these risks may be different when variables such as sex are considered. Strategies leading to generate protective behaviors could be designed to take into account specific variations in the IL-1 gene cluster and biological conditions such as sex.

10.
Sci Total Environ ; 693: 133496, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376752

RESUMO

Nowadays, air pollution has a major impact on the environment and human health. Owen gauges allow the sampling of atmospheric depositions in polluted sites for further characterisation. This paper shows the study of the air particles of an old mining zone in Cartagena-La Unión (South-east of Spain) in order to quantify their potential risk on human health. There were 4 strategic sites monitored: the main mining tailing (Avenque), the urban area (La Unión), an agricultural zone (formerly mining) and a site in the Mediterranean coast. Physico-chemical and mineralogical characterisation was applied to atmospheric fallouts. The granulometry revealed a dust particle size around 15 µm, with the coarsest particles in the urban area and the thinnest at the tailing site. XRD analyses showed the presence of quartz, carbonates, sulphides and sulphates. Observations with SEM-EDX confirmed chemical spectra and allowed us to classify the particles into well-crystallised minerals and heterogeneous dusts. Total metal content determination was carried out by ICP-MS analyses and results showed Zn, Pb, As and Cd fluxes (respectively 2549, 1275, 68 and 7 µg·m-2·d-1) exceeding the limit values set by European legislations in the mining area. The fluxes of Zn, Pb and As also exceed these standards in the urban area whereas the coastal zone only exceeds the thresholds in the case of As. Inhalation health risk (defined by US EPA, 2009) was quantified in the sites using total and bioaccessible metal contents of the dusts. Risk calculations using total metal content considering a residential scenario showed acceptable risk for all sites except for the mining tailing which presented non-acceptable cancer and hazard risk mainly due to the total As and Pb contents. When considering the bioaccessible fraction of As and Pb, the risk diminished to acceptable values, demonstrating the overestimation produced when using total metal contents.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Poeira/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Mineração , Medição de Risco , Espanha
11.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(32): 15823-15829, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31332011

RESUMO

The 3 human RAS genes, KRAS, NRAS, and HRAS, encode 4 different RAS proteins which belong to the protein family of small GTPases that function as binary molecular switches involved in cell signaling. Activating mutations in RAS are among the most common oncogenic drivers in human cancers, with KRAS being the most frequently mutated oncogene. Although KRAS is an excellent drug discovery target for many cancers, and despite decades of research, no therapeutic agent directly targeting RAS has been clinically approved. Using structure-based drug design, we have discovered BI-2852 (1), a KRAS inhibitor that binds with nanomolar affinity to a pocket, thus far perceived to be "undruggable," between switch I and II on RAS; 1 is mechanistically distinct from covalent KRASG12C inhibitors because it binds to a different pocket present in both the active and inactive forms of KRAS. In doing so, it blocks all GEF, GAP, and effector interactions with KRAS, leading to inhibition of downstream signaling and an antiproliferative effect in the low micromolar range in KRAS mutant cells. These findings clearly demonstrate that this so-called switch I/II pocket is indeed druggable and provide the scientific community with a chemical probe that simultaneously targets the active and inactive forms of KRAS.

12.
Front Microbiol ; 10: 1287, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31293527

RESUMO

Coffee quality has recently become a high demand of coffee consumers, due to all the specialty coffees available on the market. Specialty coffees can be generated by favoring growth of some groups of microorganisms during fermentation or by using starters. Just as yeast, a variety of bacteria can be used to generate important flavor precursors. The aim of this work was to test the efficiency of coffee sterilization and adhesion of microbial cells on beans, to evaluate the effect of yeast and bacterial starters on the production of organic and volatile compounds, and selection of potential flavor marker precursors during the wet fermentation. Three yeast and six bacterial starters were inoculated in coffee beans. Coffee sterilization and microbial adhesion was observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Organic compounds were detected by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and volatile compounds by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Micrographs from the SEM showed that sterilization was efficient, because there were no microbial cells after autoclaving for 5 min. Also, it was observed an increase of microbial cells from 0 to 48 h of fermentation. Malic, lactic, and acetic acid were only detected in the bacterial treatments. Volatile compounds: 4-ethenyl-1,2-dimethoxybenzene, heptadecanol, 4-hydroxy-2-methylacetophenone, and 1-butanol,2-methyl were only found in yeast treatments. Guaiacol was only produced by the inoculated B. subtilis starters. In conclusion, yeast starters were better producers of volatile alcohols and bacterial starters of acid compounds. This study allowed the selection of potential flavor marker precursors, such as heptadecanol, 4-hydroxy-2-methylacetophenone, 7-methyl-4-octanol, and guaiacol.

13.
Animals (Basel) ; 9(6)2019 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31208117

RESUMO

This work studied the effect of feeding glycerin in bulls that were fed high levels of concentrate on the ruminal environment and in situ degradability of feedstuffs. Four ruminally cannulated young bulls were assigned to a 4 × 4 Latin square arrangement of treatments. The diets consisted of 15% barley straw and 85% concentrate in dry matter (DM). There were four different concentrates: without glycerin, and with 20, 40 or 80 g of glycerin per kg of DM. Each diet was offered for 24 days, the ruminal fluid was sampled to evaluate the ruminal metabolism and to determine the ruminal bacterial population by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis, and the in situ degradability of six different feedstuffs was measured. The treatment with the highest level of glycerin provided the lower pH (p < 0.001), and the acetic/propionic molar ratio decreased (p < 0.001) as glycerin increased. The incorporation of glycerin in the diet did not affect the DNA copies/µL of the total bacteria, Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens and Butyrivibrio proteoclasticus (p > 0.05) in the DNA extract of rumen fluid, but at high levels increased Selenomonas ruminantium (p < 0.01). Very few effects of glycerin incorporation were found for the in situ degradability. In young bulls that were fed high levels of concentrate, glycerin at 20 or 40 g/kg of feed could be included without affecting the ruminal pH and raising the propionic acid, but at 80 g/kg the ruminal pH dropped, despite the increase of Selenomonas ruminantium.

14.
J Anim Sci Biotechnol ; 10: 37, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31168367

RESUMO

Background: The present work is aimed at evaluating the effect of different inclusion levels of a partially defatted black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens, L.; HI) larva meal for ducks. A total of 192 female 3-day-old Muscovy ducklings (Cairina moschata domestica, Canedins R71 L White, Grimaud Freres Selection, France) were divided into 4 groups, assigned 4 different dietary treatments (6 replicates/treatment and 8 birds/replicate) and reared from 3 to 50 days of age. HI larva meal was included at increasing levels (0, 3%, 6% and 9%, HI0, HI3, HI6 and HI9, respectively) in isonitrogenous and isoenergetic diets formulated for 3 feeding phases: starter (3-17 days of age), grower (18-38 days of age) and finisher (39-50 days of age). The growth performance and apparent total tract digestibility were evaluated during the trial using titanium dioxide as an inert marker (0.3% of inclusion). At 51 days of age, two birds per pen were slaughtered and histomorphological investigations were performed. Results: The live weight and average daily gain showed a quadratic response to increasing HI meal in the grower period (minimum corresponding to the HI6 group). No effects of dietary inclusion levels were observed for the daily feed intake or feed conversion ratio. The apparent dry matter and organic matter digestibility were not affected by the dietary treatment. A linear decrease was observed for the crude protein apparent digestibility in the starter period (minimum for the HI9 groups). The ether extract apparent digestibility increased linearly during the grower and finisher periods (minimum for the HI0 group). The morphometric indices were not influenced by the dietary treatments. Conclusions: The inclusion of up to 9% of HI partially defatted larva meal in the diet of ducks did not cause any effect on growth performance, as well as the apparent digestibility. Moreover, dietary HI inclusion preserved the physiological intestinal development.

15.
Environ Sci Technol ; 53(13): 7494-7503, 2019 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31149818

RESUMO

Oxygen depletion in coastal waters may lead to release of toxic sulfide from sediments. Cable bacteria can limit sulfide release by promoting iron oxide formation in sediments. Currently, it is unknown how widespread this phenomenon is. Here, we assess the abundance, activity, and biogeochemical impact of cable bacteria at 12 Baltic Sea sites. Cable bacteria were mostly absent in sediments overlain by anoxic and sulfidic bottom waters, emphasizing their dependence on oxygen or nitrate as electron acceptors. At sites that were temporarily reoxygenated, cable bacterial densities were low. At seasonally hypoxic sites, cable bacterial densities correlated linearly with the supply of sulfide. The highest densities were observed at Gulf of Finland sites with high rates of sulfate reduction. Microelectrode profiles of sulfide, oxygen, and pH indicated low or no in situ cable bacteria activity at all sites. Reactivation occurred within 5 days upon incubation of an intact sediment core from the Gulf of Finland with aerated overlying water. We found no relationship between cable bacterial densities and macrofaunal abundances, salinity, or sediment organic carbon. Our geochemical data suggest that cable bacteria promote conversion of iron monosulfides to iron oxides in the Gulf of Finland in spring, possibly explaining why bottom waters in this highly eutrophic region rarely contain sulfide in summer.


Assuntos
Bactérias , Sedimentos Geológicos , Países Bálticos , Finlândia , Sulfetos
16.
Environ Geochem Health ; 41(6): 2845-2857, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31197552

RESUMO

Soil under an intensive agriculture production could result in metal pollution if bad management practices are carried out. The aims of this study were to evaluate the influence of cropping systems on soil metal(loid)s accumulation and speciation and to identify metal sources for each cropping system. To achieve these objectives, 40 soil samples from cereal, fruit, citrus and horticultural cropping areas and 15 samples from non-disturbed areas were collected. pH, salinity, particle size distribution, organic carbon and carbonate contents were analysed. In addition, total, DTPA-extractable and water-soluble Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, Zn and As concentrations and their chemical speciation were determined. Results showed an enrichment of Pb in cereal and horticultural soils, of Zn in fruit and horticultural soils and of Cu and Cd in citrus soils. The most available metals were Pb and Cd which was due to their ability to bind to carbonate and reducible phases of soils. The PCA suggested an anthropogenic origin of Pb, Cd, Cu and Zn in most of the cropping systems; this origin was related to both agriculture management practices and other anthropic actions, such as traffic. Therefore, changes in crop managements are necessary for a sustainable agriculture in the studied crop systems.


Assuntos
Agricultura/métodos , Arsênico/análise , Metais/análise , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Arsênico/farmacocinética , Disponibilidade Biológica , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Metais/farmacocinética , Ácido Pentético/química , Solo/química , Poluentes do Solo/farmacocinética , Espanha
17.
Gac. sanit. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 33(3): 296-298, mayo-jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-183753

RESUMO

La Ciudad de las Niñas y los Niños es un proyecto internacional que pretende fomentar la autonomía y la participación infantil plena en la construcción de la ciudad. Tras aprobarse en 2011 en el pleno del Ayuntamiento de Huesca, se crearon el Consejo de las Niñas y los Niños y el Laboratorio de la Ciudad, órganos en los que hay representación de todos los colegios de Huesca. Para hacer explícito el trabajo sobre la salud se han incorporado actividades como «Caminos saludables», en la que se utiliza la técnica del mapeo de activos. Además del trabajo interdisciplinario entre distintas áreas del ayuntamiento, profesionales de los sectores educativo (colegios y universidad), sanitario y social, se observan impactos en el entorno físico urbano, con la remodelación de un parque, una calle y una plaza; y en los estilos de vida de los escolares, al aumentar el número de aquellos que van andando solos al colegio


The City of Girls and Boys of Huesca (Spain) is an international project that seeks to foster children's autonomy and full participation in the construction of the city. Following its formal approval at the City Council of Huesca, the Girls and Boys Board and the City Laboratory were created, both of which include children from all the schools of Huesca. To highlightthe work on health, activities such as "Healthy School Paths", in which the asset mapping technique is used, were incorporated. Besides the interdisciplinary work among different areas of the city council, professionals from education (schools and university), health and social services, effects on the urban physical environment, with one street, park and square remodelled; and on the children's lifestyles, with more children walking to school alone, have been observed


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Cidade Saudável , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Participação Social , Política Pública , Planejamento Ambiental/tendências , Programas Gente Saudável/organização & administração , Educação Infantil/tendências , Cuidado da Criança/tendências
19.
Food Res Int ; 119: 126-134, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30884640

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate how the freshness before frozen storage affect the quality and sensory characteristics of seabream in different commercial presentations and to correlate the findings with free amino acids composition. The fish were slaughtered, allocated to three processing treatments (whole, gutted and filleted) and stored at refrigeration (0 ±1 °C) for different times (5, 9, 11 and 18 days) before one-month frozen storage (-30 °C). After this time, physicochemical (pH, TVB-N, TBARS and free amino acids), bacterial count and sensory evaluation (Torry Index & Quality Descriptive Analysis -QDA-) were studied. Significant differences were found among treatments over time for TVB-N, TBARS and bacterial growth. The quality index (Torry) exhibited a gradual decrease. QDA showed that fillets had the lowest assessment. Free amino acids contents varied significantly during frozen storage with a particular behavior that depended on the previous treatment applied and the fish freshness degree (elapsed days before frozen).

20.
Nutrients ; 11(3)2019 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30845641

RESUMO

Vegetarian and vegan diets have increased worldwide in the last decades, according to the knowledge that they might prevent coronary heart disease, cancer, and type 2 diabetes. Althought plant-based diets are at risk of nutritional deficiencies such as proteins, iron, vitamin D, calcium, iodine, omega-3, and vitamin B12, the available evidence shows that well planned vegetarian and vegan diets may be considered safe during pregnancy and lactation, but they require a strong awareness for a balanced intake of key nutrients. A review of the scientific literature in this field was performed, focusing specifically on observational studies in humans, in order to investigate protective effects elicited by maternal diets enriched in plant-derived foods and possible unfavorable outcomes related to micronutrients deficiencies and their impact on fetal development. A design of pregestational nutrition intervention is required in order to avoid maternal undernutrition and consequent impaired fetal growth.


Assuntos
Dieta Vegana/efeitos adversos , Dieta Vegetariana/efeitos adversos , Doenças do Recém-Nascido/etiologia , Desnutrição/etiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/etiologia , Feminino , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/etiologia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Lactação , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Materna , Micronutrientes/deficiência , Necessidades Nutricionais , Gravidez
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