Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 22
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(14): e19414, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32243361

RESUMO

The role of nursing students as future health promoters of healthy behaviors is influenced by their attitude towards smoking. A cross-sectional study using a self-administered survey was performed to analyze smoking prevalence among undergraduate the nursing students who attend nursing faculties in 2 European countries (Spain and Portugal) during academic period 2015 to 2016. A total of 1469 subjects were surveyed (response rate of 79.8%). An 80% of the students were female with a mean age of 21.9 (4.8) years. The overall prevalence of tobacco use was 18.9%, with an average percentage of 16.2% in Portugal and 18.3% in Spain. Statistical significance was observed in relation to smoke and previous studies (16.4% vs 27.1%; P < .001). Only 1.1% of the students reported using electronic cigarette. 15.8% of smokers started smoking while at university with statistical gender and previous studies differences (P < .001). Fagerström and Richmond test showed low nicotine dependence (2.8 ±â€Š2) and moderate motivation to stop smoking (4.9 ±â€Š3), respectively. Smoking prevalence among nursing students was slightly higher than the general European population. For that reason, measures to reduce tobacco use have to be focused on students and university policies on tobacco control should be a challenge in the future.


Assuntos
Fumar Cigarros/epidemiologia , Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Estudos Transversais , Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Motivação , Portugal/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores Sexuais , Fumantes/psicologia , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/psicologia , Espanha/epidemiologia , Tabagismo/epidemiologia , Universidades/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(5): e18502, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000360

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sedoanalgesia secondary iatrogenic withdrawal syndrome (IWS) in paediatric intensive units is frequent and its assessment is complex. Therapies are heterogeneous, and there is currently no gold standard method for diagnosis. In addition, the assessment scales validated in children are scarce. This paper aims to identify and describe both the paediatric diagnostic and assessment tools for the IWS and the treatments for the IWS in critically ill paediatric patients. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines. This review included descriptive and observational studies published since 2000 that analyzed paediatric scales for the evaluation of the iatrogenic withdrawal syndrome and its treatments. The eligibility criteria included neonates, newborns, infants, pre-schoolers, and adolescents, up to age 18, who were admitted to the paediatric intensive care units with continuous infusion of hypnotics and/or opioid analgesics, and who presented signs or symptoms of deprivation related to withdrawal and prolonged infusion of sedoanalgesia. RESULTS: Three assessment scales were identified: Withdrawal Assessment Tool-1, Sophia Observation Withdrawal Symptoms, and Opioid and Benzodiazepine Withdrawal Score. Dexmedetomidine, methadone and clonidine were revealed as options for the treatment and prevention of the iatrogenic withdrawal syndrome. Finally, the use of phenobarbital suppressed symptoms of deprivation that are resistant to other drugs. CONCLUSIONS: The reviewed scales facilitate the assessment of the iatrogenic withdrawal syndrome and have a high diagnostic quality. However, its clinical use is very rare. The treatments identified in this review prevent and effectively treat this syndrome. The use of validated iatrogenic withdrawal syndrome assessment scales in paediatrics clinical practice facilitates assessment, have a high diagnostic quality, and should be encouraged, also ensuring nurses' training in their usage.


Assuntos
Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica , Síndrome de Abstinência a Substâncias/tratamento farmacológico , Criança , Humanos , Doença Iatrogênica , Síndrome de Abstinência a Substâncias/diagnóstico
4.
Am J Emerg Med ; 38(3): 618-623, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31982219

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Response time is a predictive factor for survival of drowning victims and lifesaving. Rescue Water Craft (RWC) are lifeboats very common in lifeguards operations. The aim of this study was to analyze the feasibility of providing effective mouth-to-mouth ventilations and/or cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on the RWC while sailing at different speeds. METHOD: A quasi-experimental cross-over block design was used to test during one minute efforts the effectiveness of Mouth to Mouth ventilation (MM-only) and CRP, at the beach and sailing at two diferents speeds 5 knots(kn) and 10 kn with calm sea. Quality CPR reference were 2015 ERC guidelines. RESULTS: The data obtained from 13 lifeguards were included, that means that 78 resuscitation test were completed. The MM-only performance skills reached 69.7% ± 40.4 for 5 kn and 60.0% ± 41.8 for 10 kn (p = .59). For full CPR, performance was 74.4% ± 24.2 and 68.5% ± 23.9 respectively. Quality of MM and CPR decreased, not significantly, while sailing at 5 kn and 10 kn [(Q-MM; 5 kn: 59.9% ± 37.8 vs. 10 kn: 43.2% ± 41.4, p = .42)(Q-CPR; 5 kn: 64.8% ± 21.2 and 10 kn: 60.6% ± 21.0, p = .44)]. MM-only and CC variables were significantly worse on RJS when compared with resuscitation at the beach (p < .05). A trend for better results by lifeguards previously training on RJS was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Resuscitation techniques on board of a RWC are feasible and therefore they could be an option for lifeguards when their training, sea conditions, distance and the victim's characteristics allow it. CPR maneuvers may be highly effective at 10 kn, both for MM-only and CPR, however, the quality of the ventilations dramatically worsen with increasing speed.

5.
An Pediatr (Barc) ; 2019 Dec 20.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31870834

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge of first aid (FA) of primary and pre-school teachers and the parents of children in these education stages. METHODS: A questionnaire already used in previous publications was employed and consisted of 4 sections: 1) general information; 2) assessment of FA knowledge; 3) questions about FA, and 4) attitudes about FA. The questionnaire was sent by e-mail in Google Forms format to different education centres of the Autonomous Community of Galicia. The centres were asked to send them to the school staff and parents of the pupils so that they could be completed. RESULTS: A total of 470 questionnaires were analysed (177 teachers; 242 parents and 51 teachers with children). More than half (268, 57%) of the participants stated to have knowledge of FA. In the case of the teachers, a relationship was found between having this information and teaching these contained in the classroom (P=.008). Only 4 participants managed to arrange the basic life support sequence, and none of them correctly answered the questions on cardiopulmonary resuscitation. More than 95% of the sample considered it necessary to include FA in the school curriculum and in the study plans of degrees destined for teacher training. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of teachers and parents had training in FA, although none of them responded correctly to the questions related to basic life support. The inclusion of these contents in school curricula would be recommendable, but it requires training the teaching staff beforehand. The inclusion of these contents in university study plans should be a measure to take into account.

7.
Emerg Med J ; 36(11): 653-659, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31409636

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Gamification is a non-evaluation and competition-based training methodology with high emotional involvement. The goal of this study was to evaluate gamification methodology as compared with other existing methodologies when teaching cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to secondary school students. METHODS: 489 secondary school students from two high schools in Spain participated in this randomised-block quasi-experimental study in February 2018. The students were classified into different groups. Each group received CPR training with a different methodology: GAM (gamification-based training as a compulsory but non-tested academic activity to learn by playing in teams, with instructor and visual feedback); EVA (training based on subsequent evaluation as a motivational incentive, with instructor and visual feedback); VFC (visual feedback complementary, training based on a non-compulsory and non-tested academic activity, with instructor and visual feedback); TC (traditional complementary, training based on a non-compulsory and non-tested academic activity, with instructor feedback). After a week, each student performed a 2 min hands-only CPR test and quality of CPR was assessed. Visual feedback in training and CPR variables in test were provided by the QCPR Instructor App using a Little Anne manikin, both from Laerdal (Norway). RESULTS: GAM (89.56%; 95% CI 86.71 to 92.42) methodology resulted in significantly higher scores for CPR quality than VFC and TC (81.96%; 95% CI 78.04% to 85.88% and 64.11%; 95% CI 58.23 to 69.99). GAM (61.77%; 95% CI 56.09 to 67.45) methodology also resulted in significantly higher scores for correct rate than VFC and TC (48.41%; 95% CI 41.15% to 55.67% and 17.28%; 95% CI 10.94 to 23.62). 93.4% of GAM methodology participants obtained >50 mm of compression mean depth which was a significantly higher proportion than among students in VFC and TC (78.0% and 71.9%). No differences between GAM and EVA were found. A confidence level of 95% has been assigned to all values. CONCLUSIONS: GAM methodology resulted in higher CPR quality than non-tested methods of academic training with instructor feedback or visual feedback. Gamification should be considered as an alternative teaching method for Basic Life Support (BLS) in younger individuals.

8.
J Adv Nurs ; 2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236954

RESUMO

AIM: The study aims to analyse the efficacy of massage therapy and kinesitherapy applied by parents of premature infants admitted to hospital. BACKGROUND: Premature newborns suffer early somatic deprivation that has adverse effects on their growth and development and that also has a negative impact on the emotional state of their parents. Massage therapy and kinesitherapy is beneficial in alleviating somatic deficit and facilitates the bond between parents and newborns. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental community intervention trial will be conducted in a neonatology unit. METHODS: This study will compare the benefits of a 15-min massage protocol applied by parents with the usual medical and nursing care given by neonatal units for premature babies. The evaluation of neuromotor development will take place through the Spanish Premie-Neuro scale. The determination of weight, size, and head circumference will be based on the unit's usual procedures. DISCUSSION: If the implementation of a massage therapy and kinesitherapy protocol is effective in promoting the growth and development of hospitalized premature infants, the results of this study could give an impetus for the inclusion of somatic stimulation in the usual nursing care given for preterm infants. IMPACT: Prematurity and its associated morbidity pose a major global public health problem. Somatic and kinaesthetic stimulation has beneficial effects on anthropometric and neuromotor development in preterm infants. The results will have a positive impact on premature neonates and their families, both during the hospitalization, and a positive socio-economic effect throughout their lives (education, work, disability). TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT03704012.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30832439

RESUMO

Out-of-hospital cardiorespiratory arrest is one of the leading causes of death in the Western world. Early assistance with quality Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and the use of a defibrillator may increase the percentage of survival after this process. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of CPR training and the management of an Automatic External Defibrillator (AED). A descriptive, cross-sectional, observational study was carried out among students in the first year of a Nursing and Physiotherapy degree of the University of León. To achieve this goal, a theoretical-practical educational intervention of four hours' duration which included training on CPR, AED and Basic Life Support (BLS) was carried out. A total of 112 students were included. The results showed an increase in theoretical knowledge on BLS as well as on CPR and AED, and practical skills in CPR and AED management. A theoretical exposition of fifteen minutes and the practical training of CPR wasenough for the students to acquire the necessary theoretical knowledge, although the participants failed to reach quality criteria in CPR. Only 35.6% of students reached the right depth in compressions. Also, ventilation was not performed properly. Based on the results, we cannot determine that the percentage of overall quality of CPR was appropriate, since 57.6% was obtained in this respect and experts establish a value higher than 70% for quality CPR. There was a clear relationship between sex, weight, height and body max index (BMI), and quality CPR performance, being determinant variables to achieve quality parameters. Currently, Basic Life Support training in most universities is based on training methods similar to those used in the action described. The results obtained suggest implementing other training methods that favour the acquisition of quality CPR skills.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Desfibriladores , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Competência Clínica , Estudos Transversais , Educação em Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Universidades
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30832440

RESUMO

: The acquisition of competencies in basic life support (BLS) among university students of health sciences requires specific and updated training; therefore, the aim of this review was to identify, evaluate, and synthesise the available scientific knowledge on the effect of training in cardiorespiratory resuscitation in this population. A comprehensive literature search was conducted in MEDLINE, CUIDEN, Web of Science, Wiley Online Library, CINAHL, and Cochrane, including all randomised clinical trials published in the last ten years that evaluated basic life support training methods among these students. We selected a total of 11 randomissed clinical trials that met the inclusion criteria. Participants were nursing and medicine students who received theoretical and practical training in basic life support. The studies showed a great heterogeneity in training methods and evaluators, as did the feedback devices used in the practical evaluations and in the measurement of quality of cardiorespiratory resuscitation. In spite of the variety of information resulting from the training methods in basic life support, we conclude that mannequins with voice-guided feedback proved to be more effective than the other resources analysed for learning.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Ensino , Competência Clínica , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde
13.
Am J Emerg Med ; 2019 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31911060

RESUMO

AIM: To analyse the effect of oxygen fraction reduction (O2 14%, equivalent to 3250 m) on Q-CPR and rescuers' physiological demands. METHODOLOGY: A quasi-experimental study was carried out in a sample of 9 Q-CPR proficient health care professionals. Participants, in teams of 2 people, performed 10 min CPR on a Laerdal ResusciAnne mannequin (30:2 compression/ventilation ratio and alternating roles between rescuers every 2 min) in two simulated settings: T21-CPR at sea level (FiO2 of 21%) and T14 - CPR at 3250 m altitude (FiO2 of 14%). Effort self-perception was rated from 0 (no effort) to 10 (maximum demand) points. RESULTS: Quality of chest compressions was good and similar in both conditions (T21 vs T14). However, the percentage of ventilations with adequate tidal volume was lower in altitude than at sea level conditions (35.9 ± 25.2% vs. 54.7 ± 23.2%, p = 0.035). The subjective perception of effort was significantly higher at simulated altitude (5 ± 2) than at sea level (3 ± 2) (p = 0.038). Maximum heart rate during the tests was similar in both conditions; however, mean oxygen saturation was significantly lower in altitude conditions (90.5 ± 2.5% vs. 99.3 ± 0.5%, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Although performing CPR under simulated hypoxic altitude conditions significantly increases the physiological demands and subjective feeling of tiredness compared to sea level CPR, trained rescuers are able to deliver good Q-CPR in such conditions, at least in the first 10 min of resuscitation.

14.
An. pediatr. (2003. Ed. impr.) ; 89(5): 265-271, nov. 2018. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-177115

RESUMO

Introducción: Los profesores pueden tener un papel esencial en la formación en reanimación cardiopulmonar básica (RCP-B) de los escolares. Sin embargo, se dispone de pocos datos acerca de la capacidad de aprendizaje de la RCP-B por estos profesionales. Objetivo: Evaluar de forma cuantitativa la calidad de la RCP-B realizada por profesores de colegios, tras un programa formativo breve y sencillo. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio cuasiexperimental sin grupo control en el que participaron profesores de cuatro centros concertados de educación infantil, primaria y secundaria, en 3 fases: 1.a de evaluación de conocimientos, 2.a de formación en RCP-B y 3.a de evaluación de las competencias. La formación consistió en una sesión teórica de 40 min y otra práctica de 80 min, con ayuda de maniquís con sistema de retroalimentación de la calidad de las compresiones torácicas. Resultados: Se incluyeron 81 profesores (60,5% mujeres). Tras la formación, el porcentaje de sujetos que realizaron bien la secuencia de RCP-B aumentó de 1,2% a 46% (p < 0,001). La calidad de las compresiones torácicas también mejoró significativamente en cuanto a: posición correcta de las manos (97,6 vs. 72,3%; p < 0,001), profundidad media (48,1 vs. 38,8mm; p < 0,001), porcentaje que alcanzó la profundidad recomendada (46,5 vs. 21,5%; p < 0,001), porcentaje de descompresiones adecuadas (78,7 vs. 61,2%; p < 0,05), y porcentaje de compresiones realizadas al ritmo recomendado (64,2 vs. 26,9%; p < 0,001). Conclusiones: Tras un programa sencillo y breve, los profesores de colegios concertados son capaces de realizar la secuencia de RCP-B y aplicar las compresiones torácicas con una calidad comparable a la de colectivos con el deber de asistir a una víctima de una parada cardíaca. La comprobación de la capacidad de estos profesionales para hacer una RCP-B de calidad es el primer requisito para que puedan implicarse en la enseñanza de la RCP-B a los escolares


Introduction: Teachers may have an essential role in basic life support (BLS) training in schoolchildren. However, few data are available about their BLS learning abilities. Aim: To quantitatively assess the quality of BLS when performed by school teachers after a brief and simple training program. Materials and methods: A quasi-experimental study with no control group, and involving primary and secondary education teachers from four privately managed and public funded schools was conducted in 3 stages: 1 st. A knowledge test, 2 nd: BLS training, and 3 rd: Performance test. Training included a 40 minutes lecture and 80minutes hands-on session with the help feedback on the quality of the chest compressions. Results: A total of 81 teachers were included, of which 60.5% were women. After training, the percentage of subjects able to perform the BLS sequence rose from 1.2% to 46% (P<.001). Chest compression quality also improved significantly in terms of: correct hands position (97.6 vs. 72.3%; P<.001), mean depth (48.1 vs. 38.8 mm; P<.001), percentage that reached recommended depth (46.5 vs. 21.5%; P<.001), percentage of adequate decompression (78.7 vs. 61.2%; P<.05), and percentage of compressions delivered at recommended rate (64.2 vs. 26.9%; P<.001). Conclusions: After and brief and simple training program, teachers of privately managed public funded schools were able to perform the BLS sequence and to produce chest compressions with a quality similar to that obtained by staff with a duty to assist cardiac arrest victims. The ability of schoolteachers to deliver good-quality BLS is a pre-requisite to be engaged in BLS training for schoolchildren


Assuntos
Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Sistemas de Manutenção da Vida , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Docentes , Aprendizagem , Saúde da Criança , Análise Estatística , Análise de Variância
15.
Biomed Res Int ; 2018: 2747046, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29854735

RESUMO

Purpose: Starting basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) early improves survival. Fishermen are the first bystanders while at work. Our objective was to test in a simulated scenario the CPR quality performed by fishermen while at port and while navigating at different speeds. Methods: Twenty coastal fishermen were asked to perform 2 minutes of CPR (chest compressions and mouth-to-mouth ventilations) on a manikin, in three different scenarios: (A) at port on land, (B) on the boat floor sailing at 10 knots, and (C) sailing at 20 knots. Data was recorded using quality CPR software, adjusted to current CPR international guidelines. Results: The quality of CPR (QCPR) was significantly higher at port (43% ± 10) than sailing at 10 knots (30% ± 15; p = 0.01) or at 20 knots (26% ± 12; p = 0.001). The percentage of ventilation that achieved some lung insufflation was also significantly higher when CPR was done at port (77% ± 14) than while sailing at 10 knots (59% ± 18) or 20 knots (57% ± 21) (p = 0.01). Conclusion: In the event of drowning or cardiac arrest on a small boat, fishermen should immediately start basic CPR and navigate at a relatively high speed to the nearest port if the sea conditions are safe.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Pesqueiros , Militares/educação , Respiração , Adulto , Estudos Cross-Over , Parada Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Manequins , Pressão , Tórax , Recursos Humanos
16.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 922018 Apr 18.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29662051

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Spanish model is the model adopted by many countries to increase their donation rate, being the implication of the healthcare professionals one of the keys to this success. The attitude of these before the donation is crucial for the hour of influence on the population. Organ transplantation has been established as an effective treatment that has been improving over the years. The objective was to determine the knowledge and attitudes of health professionals before the donation of organs. METHODS: Cross-sectional descriptive study. An ad hoc questionnaire was conducted and distributed among the health professionals (medical staff, nurses and nursing assistants) of a tertiary hospital during February 2015. A total of 615 potential participants were estimated in the different areas of the hospital. A total of 342 completed questionnaires were collected (55%). The statistical analysis with SPSS® Statistics for Windows. Version 20.0. A level of significance P lower than 0.05 was used in all the analyses. RESULTS: The average age of the respondents was 43.34 (SD = 10.37) years, being 86.6% women and 60% nurses. 35.5% showed good knowledge about the donation process, being higher in men (51.1% Vs 33.1%, p lower than 0.05), medical personnel (55% vs 34.3% vs 31.9%). %; p lower than 0.05) and lower in those services with a direct relationship with the donation process (36.8% vs 31.9%, p lower than 0.05). 71% of the professionals expressed their willingness to donate their organs, with special sensitivity towards donation those services in direct relation with the donation program (82.2% vs 65.9%, OR: 1.24, p lower than 0.001 ). 50% of the professionals would donate the organs of a family member; the medical group had the highest percentage (70% vs 50.7% vs 40.4%, OR: 3.8, p lower than 0.05). 74.5% knew some Spanish legal document about donation and transplants. CONCLUSIONS: Health professionals as a whole have a low level of knowledge; but a good attitude towards donation.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Espanha , Inquéritos e Questionários , Centros de Atenção Terciária
17.
An Pediatr (Barc) ; 89(5): 265-271, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29233493

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Teachers may have an essential role in basic life support (BLS) training in schoolchildren. However, few data are available about their BLS learning abilities. AIM: To quantitatively assess the quality of BLS when performed by school teachers after a brief and simple training program. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A quasi-experimental study with no control group, and involving primary and secondary education teachers from four privately managed and public funded schools was conducted in 3 stages: 1st. A knowledge test, 2nd: BLS training, and 3rd: Performance test. Training included a 40minutes lecture and 80minutes hands-on session with the help feedback on the quality of the chest compressions. RESULTS: A total of 81 teachers were included, of which 60.5% were women. After training, the percentage of subjects able to perform the BLS sequence rose from 1.2% to 46% (P<.001). Chest compression quality also improved significantly in terms of: correct hands position (97.6 vs. 72.3%; P<.001), mean depth (48.1 vs. 38.8mm; P<.001), percentage that reached recommended depth (46.5 vs. 21.5%; P<.001), percentage of adequate decompression (78.7 vs. 61.2%; P<.05), and percentage of compressions delivered at recommended rate (64.2 vs. 26.9%; P<.001). CONCLUSIONS: After and brief and simple training program, teachers of privately managed public funded schools were able to perform the BLS sequence and to produce chest compressions with a quality similar to that obtained by staff with a duty to assist cardiac arrest victims. The ability of schoolteachers to deliver good-quality BLS is a pre-requisite to be engaged in BLS training for schoolchildren.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Capacitação de Professores , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Instituições Acadêmicas
18.
Rev. esp. salud pública ; 92: e1-e8, 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-173793

RESUMO

Fundamentos. El modelo español es el modelo adoptado por numerosos países para aumentar su tasa de donación siendo una de las claves de este éxito la implicación de los trabajadores sanitarios. La actitud de estos ante la donación resulta crucial a la hora de influir sobre la población. El trasplante de órganos se ha establecido como un tratamiento efectivo que ha ido mejorando a lo largo de los años. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar los conocimientos y actitudes de los profesionales sanitarios ante la donación de órganos. Método. Estudio descriptivo transversal. Se realizó un cuestionario ad hoc y se distribuyó entre los profesionales sanitarios (personal médico, enfermería y auxiliares de enfermería) de un hospital de tercer nivel durante febrero 2015. Se estimó un total de 615 potenciales participantes en las diferentes áreas del hospital. Se recogieron un total de 342 cuestionarios cumplimentados en su totalidad (55%). El análisis estadístico se realizó con SPSS® versión 20.0 versión Windows. Se utilizó un nivel de significación P < 0.05 en todos los análisis. Resultados. El promedio de edad de los encuestados fue de 43,34 (DT=10,37) años, siendo el 86,6% mujeres y el 60% enfermeras. El 35,5% mostraron buenos conocimientos sobre el proceso de donación, siendo mayor en hombres (51,1% Vs 33,1%;p< 0,05), personal médico (55% vs 34,3% vs 31,9%;p<0,05) e inferior en aquellos servicios con una relación directa con el proceso de donación (36,8% vs 31,9%;p<0,05). El 71% de los profesionales manifestaron estar dispuestos a donar sus órganos, con especial sensibilidad hacia la donación aquellos servicios en relación directa con el programa de donación (82,2% vs 65,9%; OR:1,24;p<0,001). El 50% de los profesionales donarían los órganos de un familiar; siendo el colectivo médico el que presentaba un porcentaje mayor (70% vs 50,7% vs 40,4%; OR:3,8; p<0,05). El 74,5% conocía algún documento legal español sobre donación y trasplantes. Conclusiones. Los profesionales de la salud en su conjunto tienen un bajo nivel de conocimiento, pero una buena actitud hacia la donación


Background. The Spanish model is the model adopted by many countries to increase their donation rate, being the implication of the healthcare professionals one of the keys to this success. The attitude of these before the donation is crucial for the hour of influence on the population. Organ transplantation has been established as an effective treatment that has been improving over the years. The objective was to determine the knowledge and attitudes of health professionals before the donation of organs. Method. Cross-sectional descriptive study. An ad hoc questionnaire was conducted and distributed among the health professionals (medical staff, nurses and nursing assistants) of a tertiary hospital during February 2015. A total of 615 potential participants were estimated in the different areas of the hospital. A total of 342 completed questionnaires were collected (55%). The statistical analysis with SPSS® Statistics for Windows. Version 20.0. A level of significance P <0.05 was used in all the analyses. Results. The average age of the respondents was 43.34 (SD = 10.37) years, being 86.6% women and 60% nurses. 35.5% showed good knowledge about the donation process, being higher in men (51.1% Vs 33.1%, p <0.05), medical personnel (55% vs 34.3% vs 31.9%). %; p <0.05) and lower in those services with a direct relationship with the donation process (36.8% vs 31.9%, p <0.05). 71% of the professionals expressed their willingness to donate their organs, with special sensitivity towards donation those services in direct relation with the donation program (82.2% vs 65.9%, OR: 1.24, p <0.001). 50% of the professionals would donate the organs of a family member; the medical group had the highest percentage (70% vs 50.7% vs 40.4%, OR: 3.8, p <0.05). 74.5% knew some Spanish legal document about donation and transplants. Conclusions. Health professionals as a whole have a low level of knowledge; but a good attitude towards donation


Assuntos
Humanos , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos/métodos , Transplante de Órgãos/estatística & dados numéricos , Doadores de Tecidos/provisão & distribução , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estudos Transversais
19.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 912017 Dec 11.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29231187

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The emergency medical technician plays a fundamental role and is the most important figure quantitatively in pre-hospital emergencies. The aim was to asses the socio-demographic, work-related, health characteristics and technical skills of an Emergency Medical Technician in Spain. METHODS: Cross-sectional descriptive study. An ad hoc questionnaire was managed using Google Docs® that was delivered between April-June 2014 via email and social networks. A total of 705 questionnaires were collected. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS ® 20.0 Windows version. A significance level p≤0.05 was used for all analyzes. RESULTS: The data analyzed show that the profile of the Emergency Medical Technician in Spain is an 39 year-old man, married or living as a couple and has a child. The average BMI is 27 kg/m2, does regular exercise, does not smoke. His seniority in the company is 10 years and has the Medium Cycle of Emergency Medical Technician. The analysis for gender shows that men have an average of 40, an average BMI of 27, 5 kg/m2 and work in an advanced life support unit; while women have an average of 36,5 years, an average BMI of 24,7 kg/m2, mainly work in Basic Life Support Unit and her seniority in the company is 6,76 years. CONCLUSIONS: Emergency Medical Technician profile is a overweight men, who refer to practise regular exercise, his seniority in the company is 10 years and is in possession of CMTES; differences were observed according to gender in BMI, resource where they perform their work, seniority and age.


Assuntos
Auxiliares de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Competência Clínica/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Demografia , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos , Espanha , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Health Soc Care Community ; 25(3): 888-900, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27487761

RESUMO

Telecare is a healthcare resource based on new technologies that, through the services offered, attempt to help elderly people to continue living in their homes. In this sense, first-generation telecare services have quickly developed in Europe. The aim of this work was to define the profile, pattern of medication consumption and disease frequencies of elderly users of a telecare service. The cross-sectional study involved 742 Spanish community-dwelling elders (85.3% of the total users aged 65 years and over who used a telecare service before the end of the data collection period). Data were collected between March and September 2012. Subjects' mean age was 83.3 (SD 6.6) years, and the majority lived alone (78.3%) and were female (85.8%). The mean Charlson comorbidity index score was 1.13 (SD 1.1), and the mean number of prescribed medications per day was 5.6 (SD 3.0). The most frequent diseases were hypertension (51.1%) and rheumatic disorders (44%); and the most consumed medications were those for the cardiovascular (75%) and nervous (65.2%) systems. For the total sample, the three main determinants of polymedication (five or more medications) were hypertension, anxiety-depressive symptoms and coronary heart disease. Regardless of the social elements contributing to the implementation of telecare services, specific health characteristics of potential users, such as morbidity and polypharmacy, should be carefully considered when implementing telecare services in the coming years.


Assuntos
Comorbidade , Visita Domiciliar , Medicamentos sob Prescrição/uso terapêutico , Telemedicina , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espanha
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA