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1.
Nurse Educ Today ; 85: 104269, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31760350

RESUMO

Dissection and prosection practices using human cadavers are a key component of macroscopic anatomy education in different Health Sciences university degrees. However, first-hand interaction with cadavers can be distressing for students, generating anxiety on a number of levels. This study aims to shed light on the reactions, fears and different states of anxiety experienced by nursing students in to a single anatomy room experience over a five-hour period, and examined reactions pre and post same. A descriptive study of these students was designed in order to understand their feelings and emotions, based on the distribution of anonymous "ad hoc" questionnaires before and after the practices. Also, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) questionnaires were administered in order to assess their anxiety levels: Trait Anxiety (TA), which measures basal anxiety levels, and State Anxiety (SA), which measures individual emotional responses during a specific event (in this case, the prosection practice). The results of this study indicate that basal anxiety levels, measured as TA, remained stable and unchanged during the practice (p > 0.05). SA or emotional anxiety levels, on the other hand, dropped from 21.3 to 17.8 points (p < 0.05). Before the start of the practical exercise, 17.6% of the students admitted experiencing some kind of anxiety. Afterwards, however, 90.2% of the students said they would recommend these practices. They considered that prosection practices very useful for their education and recommended that they be retained for future courses. However, our study also showed the relevance of using coping mechanisms before the first contact with the dissecting room, especially for those students who did not feel emotionally prepared for it beforehand.

2.
Rev. Asoc. Esp. Neuropsiquiatr ; 39(135): 133-155, ene.-jun. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | ID: ibc-ET1-3983

RESUMO

Antecedentes y objetivo: La esquizofrenia se caracteriza por una distorsión del pensamiento, las percepciones, las emociones, el lenguaje, la conciencia de sí mismo y la conducta. Afecta a más de 21 millones de personas en todo el mundo y es una de las 10 enfermedades más incapacitantes según la Organización Mundial de la Salud; sin embargo, existe escasa evidencia sobre el déficit lingüístico con el que cursa la enfermedad. Metodología: Se trata de un estudio transversal y cuasi-experimental donde se analizan los datos de diferentes pruebas lingüísticas de las áreas de semántica y fonología en una muestra compuesta por 96 sujetos, de los cuales 48 (50%) tienen esquizofrenia y componen el grupo experimental y otros 48 (50%) no tienen ninguna enfermedad mental y componen el grupo control. Según la clasificación de Crow, el 56,2% de los participantes con esquizofrenia (27 sujetos) presentaba sintomatología positiva y el 43,8% (21 sujetos) presentaba sintomatología negativa. Resultados: Se observa un patrón de déficit según la sintomatología, así como una afectación de las áreas lingüísticas evaluadas (semántica y fonología). Conclusiones: La esquizofrenia cursa con déficit lingüístico en la semántica y en la fonología, siendo necesario evaluar dichas áreas lingüísticas para poder intervenir logopédica y multidisciplinarmente sobre ellas


Background and objective: Schizophrenia is characterized by a distortion of thin-king, perceptions, emotions, language, self-awareness, and behaviour. It affects more than 21 million people worldwide and is one of the 10 most disabling diseases according to the World Health Organization. However, there is little evidence of language deficits in patients with schizophrenia. Method: This is a cross-sectional and quasi-experimental study in which the data of the evaluation of different linguistic tests in the areas of semantics and phonology are analysed. The sample consisted of 96 subjects, 48 of whom (50%) had schizophrenia and made up the experimental group and other 48 (50%) had no mental illness and made up the control group. According to the classification of Crow, 56.2% (27 subjects) presented with positive symptomatology and 43.8% (21 subjects) presented with negative symptoms. Results: A deficit pattern according to the symptomatology was observed, as well as an affectation of all the areas examined in the study (semantics and phonology). Conclusions: Schizophrenia involves a linguistic deficit in semantics and phonology. It is necessary to assess these linguistic areas in order to intervene from a multidisciplinary approach, including speech therapy

4.
J Med Imaging Radiat Sci ; 49(1): 118, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30479279

Assuntos
Próstata , Humanos , Masculino
5.
Br J Radiol ; 90(1078): 20170173, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28749168

RESUMO

Daily clinical practice is an important source of stress and emotional exhaustion. In the health field, patients could experience a significant number of emotional reactions. There are high levels of anxiety in patients referred for medical imaging, and these levels are even higher in patients undergoing complicated diagnostic procedures. All this shows the need to understand that anxiety must be diagnosed and treated. This situation forces radiologist to develop emotional and social skills to resolve difficulties that may arise in the communicative act. In the patient-radiologist interaction, many elements have been analysed, being communication and communicative skills one of the most important elements. The objective is to present an emotional management tool, the U-technique. It consists of four movements: sympathize, empathize, feel the antidote emotion and spread the antidote emotion in order that the health professionals recognize their emotional state in each moment of the relationship with the patient.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Emoções , Autocuidado/métodos , Empatia , Humanos , Serviço Hospitalar de Radiologia
7.
Rev. clín. med. fam ; 9(2): 83-90, jun. 2016. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-155702

RESUMO

Objetivo: Estudiar el grado de conocimiento sobre la estimulación prenatal y los beneficios que se obtienen de esta en mujeres embarazadas de dos Centros de Salud de Talavera de la Reina (Toledo). Diseño del estudio: Estudio observacional transversal. Emplazamiento: Centros de Salud urbanos de Talavera de la Reina, Toledo. (C.S. La Solana y C.S. La Algodonera). Participantes: 26 mujeres gestantes (edad media de 30,92 años y 7,23 meses de gestación). Mediciones principales: Mediante muestreo consecutivo se seleccionaron gestantes del programa de preparación al parto que respondieron un cuestionario elaborado 'ad hoc' acerca del conocimiento y beneficios de la estimulación prenatal o intrauterina. También se recogieron variables sociodemográficas. Resultados: El 53,8 % (IC 95 %: 33,3-73,4) de las mujeres gestantes no había escuchado hablar de la estimulación prenatal ni conoce de la importancia de esta. Un 96,2 % (IC 95 %: 80,3-99,9) de las madres gestantes no sabe de la existencia de ningún centro especializado o centro de salud en el que se realice esta práctica. Al 76,9 % (IC 95 %: 56,3-91) de las mujeres gestantes no le han explicado lo que es la estimulación prenatal ni los beneficios, sin embargo el 96,2 % (IC 95 %: 80,3-99,9) de embarazadas cree que la estimulación prenatal ofrece beneficios a su futuro hijo/a. Conclusiones: Existe un alto porcentaje de mujeres que desconoce lo que es la estimulación prenatal, su importancia y los centros donde esta se realiza, así como una falta de información por parte de las matronas sobre la estimulación prenatal y sus beneficios (AU)


Objective: Study the level of knowledge about prenatal stimulation and its benefits of pregnant women in two primary health care centres in Talavera de la Reina (Toledo). Study Design: Observational cross-sectional study. Location: Primary health care urban centres in Talavera de la Reina, Toledo (CHC La Solana and CHC La Algodonera). Participants: 26 pregnant women with an average age of 30.92. Gestational age was 7.23 months. Main measurements: Consecutive sampling of pregnant women attending the preparation for childbirth program, who answered a questionnaire prepared 'ad hoc' about knowledge and benefits of prenatal or intrauterine stimulation. Socio-demographic variables were also collected. Results: 53.8% (CI 95%: 33.3-73.4) of pregnant women had not heard about prenatal stimulation and do not know its importance. 96.2% (CI 95%: 80.3-99.9) of pregnant mothers do not know any specialized centre or health care centre in which this practice is carried out. 76.9% (CI 95%: 56.3-91) of pregnant women have not been told about prenatal stimulation or its benefits. However, 96.2% (CI 95%: 80.3-99.9) of pregnant women believe that prenatal stimulation offers benefits to their unborn children. Conclusions: There is a high percentage of women who are ignorant of what prenatal stimulation is, its importance and the centres where it is carried out, as well as a lack of explanation of prenatal stimulation and its benefits by midwives (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adulto , Conhecimento , Cuidado Pré-Natal/métodos , Cuidado Pré-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação Pré-Natal/métodos , Educação Pré-Natal/organização & administração , Idade Gestacional , Tocologia/educação , Tocologia/normas , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Medicina de Família e Comunidade/métodos , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários
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