Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 92
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31529686

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence and analyze any cancer-associated factors in patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) differentiating between hormone-sensitive (HS) and non-HS cancers. METHODS: Retrospective multicentric study of a patient cohort from the SLE Registry of the Spanish Society of Rheumatology (RELESSER - Spanish acronym). Included are the following: the first cancer post-SLE diagnosis, clinical and sociodemographic information, cumulative damage, severity, comorbidities, treatments and refractoriness. Cancers were classified as HS (prostate, breast, endometrium and ovarian) and non-HS (the rest). Standardized Incidence Ratio (SIR) was calculated and logistic regression models were built. RESULTS: 3,539 patients (90.4% women) were included, 154 of whom presented cancer (91% women), 44 HS (100% women). Cancer SIR was 1.37 (CI 95%: 1.15-1.59), with higher values in women under 65s [2.38 (CI 95%: 1.84-2.91)]. SIR in women with HS vs. non-HS cancer was 1.02 (CI 95%: 0.13-1.91) and 1.93 (CI 95%: 0.98-2.89)], respectively. In HS vs. non-HS cancers, SLE diagnostic age [odds ratio (OR) 1.04 (p= 0.002) vs. 1.04 (p= 0.019), respectively] and period of disease evolution [OR 1.01 (p< 0.001) vs. 1.00 (p= 0.029), respectively] were associated with cancer. SLICC/ACR damage index [OR 1.27 (p= 0.022)] and ACE inhibitor prescriptions [OR 2.87 (p= 0.048)] were associated with non-HS cancers. CONCLUSION: Cancer incidence in SLE patients is higher than in the Spanish population, particularly among young women. This increase might be due to non-HS cancers, which would be associated with an SLE involving greater cumulative damage where more ACE inhibitors are prescribed.

2.
Acta Reumatol Port ; 2019 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484916

RESUMO

We report the case of a 15-year old girl who presented with a non-tender right upper eyelid swelling. Magnetic resonance confirmed the presence of an enlargement of the orbicular muscle with moderate contrast enhancement. Biopsy revealed the presence of necrotizing granulomatous vasculitis. Further studies ruled out systemic involvement. Thus, she was diagnosed with isolated granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA). Treatment with steroids and methotrexate was started. Due to the persistence of the lesion, rituximab (RTX) was added with excellent clinical and radiological response. This is, to the best of our knowledge, the first case of isolated orbital GPA treated with RTX in a pediatric patient.

3.
Front Immunol ; 10: 1459, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31312201

RESUMO

Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most frequent autoimmune disease involving the joints. Although anti-TNF therapies have proven effective in the management of RA, approximately one third of patients do not show a significant clinical response. The objective of this study was to identify new genetic variation associated with the clinical response to anti-TNF therapy in RA. Methods: We performed a sequential multi-omic analysis integrating different sources of molecular information. First, we extracted the RNA from synovial biopsies of 11 RA patients starting anti-TNF therapy to identify gene coexpression modules (GCMs) in the RA synovium. Second, we analyzed the transcriptomic association between each GCM and the clinical response to anti-TNF therapy. The clinical response was determined at week 14 using the EULAR criteria. Third, we analyzed the association between the GCMs and anti-TNF response at the genetic level. For this objective, we used genome-wide data from a cohort of 348 anti-TNF treated patients from Spain. The GCMs that were significantly associated with the anti-TNF response were then tested for validation in an independent cohort of 2,706 anti-TNF treated patients. Finally, the functional implication of the validated GCMs was evaluated via pathway and cell type epigenetic enrichment analyses. Results: A total of 149 GCMs were identified in the RA synovium. From these, 13 GCMs were found to be significantly associated with anti-TNF response (P < 0.05). At the genetic level, we detected two of the 13 GCMs to be significantly associated with the response to adalimumab (P = 0.0015) and infliximab (P = 0.021) in the Spain cohort. Using the independent cohort of RA patients, we replicated the association of the GCM associated with the response to adalimumab (P = 0.0019). The validated module was found to be significantly enriched for genes involved in the nucleotide metabolism (P = 2.41e-5) and epigenetic marks from immune cells, including CD4+ regulatory T cells (P = 0.041). Conclusions: These findings show the existence of a drug-specific genetic basis for anti-TNF response, thereby supporting treatment stratification in the search for response biomarkers in RA.

4.
J Rheumatol ; 2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30988123

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence of bacteremia in a large multicentric cohort of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and their clinical characteristics and to identify risk factors. METHODS: All bacteremic episodes from the Spanish RELESSER registry were included. Clinical and laboratory characteristics concerning bacteremia and SLE status, as well as comorbidities at the time of infection, were retrospectively collected. A comparison with sex- and age-matched SLE controls without bacteremia was made. A logistic regression was conducted. RESULTS: The study included 114 episodes of bacteremia in 83 patients. The incidence rate was 2.7/1000 patient-years. At the time of bacteremia, the median age was 40.5 (range: 8-90) years, and 88.6% of patients were female. The Safety of Estrogens in Lupus Erythematosus National Assessment-Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index was 4 [interquartile range (IQR) 8]; 41% had an SLE flare (66% severe); Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index was 3 (IQR 4). A comorbidity was recorded in 64% of cases. At the time of bacteremia, 88.6% received corticosteroids (68.6% > 10 mg/day) and 57% immunosuppressors. Gram-negative bacilli, most frequently Escherichia coli (29.8%), caused 52.6% of the episodes. The bacteremia-related mortality was 14% and bacteremia was recurrent in 27.2% of cases. A dose-response relationship was found between corticosteroids and bacteremia risk. In the multivariate analysis, these factors were associated with bacteremia: elevated creatinine (OR 1.31, 95% CI 1.01-1.70; p = 0.045), diabetes (OR 6.01, 95% CI 2.26-15.95; p < 0.001), cancer (OR 5.32, 95% CI 2.23-12.70; p < 0.001), immunosuppressors (OR 6.35, 95% CI 3.42-11.77; p < 0.001), and damage (OR 1.65, 95% CI 1.31-2.09; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Bacteremia occurred mostly in patients with active SLE and was frequently associated with severe flares and corticosteroid use. Recurrence and mortality were high. Immunosuppressors, comorbidities, and disease-related damage were associated with bacteremia.

5.
Front Immunol ; 10: 391, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30894863

RESUMO

Introduction: The role of the immune response in the pathogenesis of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) remains elusive. It is possible that differences in the frequencies of Th17 cells and/or defects in the immunoregulatory mechanisms are involved in the pathogenesis of APS. Our aim was to determine the peripheral blood Th cells phenotype and the circulating cytokine profile in patients with primary APS (pAPS) and compare it with systemic lupus erythemathosus (SLE) as disease control group. Methods: The frequencies of circulating regulatory T cells (Tregs) were determined in PBMCs from 36 patients with pAPS by flow cytometry. As control groups we included 21 age- and gender-matched healthy controls (HC) and 11 patients with SLE. The suppressive capacity of Tregs was evaluated in vitro by coculture assay. On the other hand, intracellular cytokine production was assessed in Th1, Th2, and Th17 cells and circulating IL-6, IL-10, and IL-35 were measured by Cytometric Bead Array and ELISA. The quantification of Th master gene expression levels was performed by real time quantitative PCR. Results: pAPS patients and SLE patients did not show differences in the percentage or number of Tregs compared to HC. The suppressive capacity of Tregs was also similar in the three study group. Instead, we found higher FoxP3·mRNA expression levels in pAPS patients and HC than SLE patients. Regarding the Th17 response, patients with pAPS and HC showed a significantly lower frequency of circulating Th17 cells than SLE. However, no differences were observed in the Th1 response between patients and controls. Thus, increased Th17/Th1 and Th17/Treg ratios were found in SLE patients but not in pAPS patients. pAPS and SLE patients had higher serum IL-6 levels than HC but there was not difference between both disease groups. Besides, a significant increase in the immunosuppressive cytokine levels was observed only in pAPS as compared to HC. Conclusions: Our data demonstrate an increased inflammatory profile of peripheral blood CD4+ T cells from SLE as compared with pAPS mostly due to an increased Th17 response. In conclusion, there seems not to be a direct pathogenic role for Th cells in pAPS but in SLE.

6.
Rheumatol Int ; 39(6): 991-999, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30891620

RESUMO

The objective of the study was to assess the ESSDAI index characteristics in the SJÖGRENSER cohort (Spanish Rheumatology Association's registry of patients with Primary Sjögren Syndrome [PSS]). SJÖGRENSER is a prospective multicentric study on a cohort of Spanish patients with PSS who meet the 2002 American-European consensus from rheumatology units. 298 variables were studied in patients for the inclusion of the study from an anonymous list from each department. The ESSDAI (EULAR Sjögren's syndrome disease activity index) includes 12 domains and measures systematic activity in PSS patients. Each domain is divided into 3-4 levels, (0: no activity; 1: low activity; 2: moderate activity; 3: high activity) and is attributed a weight. Each domain score is obtained by multiplying the activity level by the weight assigned. According to ESSDAI: low activity < 5; moderate activity 5-13, and high activity ≥ 14. ESSDAI was compared between several European PSS cohorts (EULAR, ASSES, GEAS, GRISS, Ducth). 437 patients were included from 33 Spanish rheumatology units. 95.2% were women with a median age of 58.63 years [p25-p75: 50.02-67.98 years] and average PSS evolution of 10.4 years (6-16 years). ESSDAI median on entering the study was 2 (0-4). 31% of patients had ESSDAI 0; low activity 49%, moderate activity 15%, and high activity 5%. Those with greater activity were the joint, haematological and biological domains, whereas the lung was the most affected organ with pleural and parenchymatous involvement. Unlike other European cohorts, the initial SJÖGRENSER cohort was characterised by low-zero systemic activity in 80% of patients, which differentiates it from other cohorts and provides a prospective study opportunity.

7.
Reumatol Clin ; 2019 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30713012

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The difficulty in diagnosis and the spectrum of clinical manifestations that can determine the choice of treatment for primary antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) has fostered the development of recommendations by the Spanish Society of Rheumatology (SER), based on the best possible evidence. These recommendations can serve as a reference for rheumatologists and other specialists involved in the management of APS. METHODS: A panel of four rheumatologists, a gynaecologist and a haematologist with expertise in APS was created, previously selected by the SER through an open call or based on professional merits. The stages of the work were: identification of the key areas for drafting the document, analysis and synthesis of the scientific evidence (using the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network [SIGN] levels of evidence) and formulation of recommendations based on this evidence and formal assessment or reasoned judgement techniques (consensus techniques). RESULTS: 46 recommendations were drawn up, addressing five main areas: diagnosis and evaluation, measurement of primary thromboprophylaxis, treatment for APS or secondary thromboprophylaxis, treatment for obstetric APS and special situations. These recommendations also include the role of novel oral anticoagulants, the problem of recurrences or the key risk factors identified in these subjects. This document reflects the first 21, referring to the areas of: diagnosis, evaluation and treatment of primary APS. The document provides a table of recommendations and treatment algorithms. CONCLUSIONS: An update of the SER recommendations on APS is presented. This document corresponds to partI, related to diagnosis, evaluation and treatment. These recommendations are considered tools for decision-making for clinicians, taking into consideration both the decision of the physician experienced in APS and the patient. A partII has also been prepared, which addresses aspects related to obstetric SAF and special situations.

8.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 15(1): 34-42, ene.-feb. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-176075

RESUMO

Objectives: The course and long-term outcome of pure membranous lupus nephritis (MLN) are little understood. The aims of this study are to evaluate the clinical features, course, outcome and prognostic indicators in pure MLN and to determine the impact of ethnicity and the type of health insurance on the course and prognosis of pure MLN. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of medical records of 150 patients with pure MLN from Spain and the USA. Results: Mean age was 34.2±12.5 and 80% were women. Sixty-eight percent of patients had nephrotic syndrome at diagnosis. The average serum creatinine was 0.98±0.78mg/dl. Six percent of patients died and 5.3% developed end-stage renal disease (ESRD). ESRD was predicted by male sex, hypertension, dyslipidemia, high basal 24h-proteinuria, high basal serum creatinine and a low basal creatinine clearance. Age, cardiac insufficiency, peripheral artheriopathy, hemodialysis and not having received mycophenolate mofetil or antimalarials for MLN predicted death. Conclusions: Pure MLN frequently presents with nephrotic syndrome, high proteinuria and normal serum creatinine. Its prognosis is favourable in maintaining renal function although proteinuria usually persists over time. Baseline cardiovascular disease and not having a health insurance are related with poor prognosis


Objetivos: Los conocimientos sobre el curso y el desenlace a largo plazo de la nefritis lúpica membranosa (NLM) pura son todavía escasos. El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar las características clínicas, curso, desenlace e indicadores pronósticos de la NLM y determinar el impacto de la etnicidad y tipo de cobertura sanitaria en el curso y pronóstico de la NLM. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión retrospectiva de las historias de 150 pacientes con NLM de España y Estados Unidos. Resultados: La edad media fue 34,2±12,5 y el 80% eran mujeres. El 68% de los pacientes tenían síndrome nefrótico al diagnóstico. La creatinina sérica media fue 0,98±0,78mg/dl. El 6% de los pacientes fallecieron y el 5,3% desarrollaron insuficiencia renal terminal (IRT). El sexo masculino, la hipertensión, la dislipemia, la alta proteinuria basal, la alta creatininemia y un aclaramiento de creatinina reducido predijeron el desarrollo de IRT. La edad, la insuficiencia cardíaca, la arteriopatía periférica, la hemodiálisis y el no haber recibido micofenolato de mofetilo o antimaláricos predijeron el fallecimiento. Conclusiones: La NLM pura suele debutar con síndrome nefrótico, alta proteinuria y creatininemia normal. Su pronóstico es favourable en términos de mantenimiento de la función renal aunque la proteinuria habitualmente persiste durante el seguimiento. La enfermedad cardiovascular basal y no tener cobertura sanitaria se relacionan con mal pronóstico


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrite Lúpica/epidemiologia , Glomerulonefrite Membranosa/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Proteinúria/epidemiologia , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/etnologia , Creatinina/sangue
9.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(3)2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30552173

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory arthritis affecting up to 30% of patients with psoriasis (Ps). To date, most of the known risk loci for PsA are shared with Ps, and identifying disease-specific variation has proven very challenging. The objective of the present study was to identify genetic variation specific for PsA. METHODS: We performed a genome-wide association study in a cohort of 835 patients with PsA and 1558 controls from Spain. Genetic association was tested at the single marker level and at the pathway level. Meta-analysis was performed with a case-control cohort of 2847 individuals from North America. To confirm the specificity of the genetic associations with PsA, we tested the associated variation using a purely cutaneous psoriasis cohort (PsC, n=614) and a rheumatoid arthritis cohort (RA, n=1191). Using network and drug-repurposing analyses, we further investigated the potential of the PsA-specific associations to guide the development of new drugs in PsA. RESULTS: We identified a new PsA risk single-nucleotide polymorphism at B3GNT2 locus (p=1.10e-08). At the pathway level, we found 14 genetic pathways significantly associated with PsA (pFDR<0.05). From these, the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) metabolism pathway was confirmed to be disease-specific after comparing the PsA cohort with the cohorts of patients with PsC and RA. Finally, we identified candidate drug targets in the GAG metabolism pathway as well as new PsA indications for approved drugs. CONCLUSION: These findings provide insights into the biological mechanisms that are specific for PsA and could contribute to develop more effective therapies.

10.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 20(1): 280, 2018 12 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30567600

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence, associated factors, and impact on mortality of primary respiratory disease in a large systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) retrospective cohort. METHODS: All adult patients in the RELESSER-TRANS (Registry of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patients of the Spanish Society of Rheumatology [SER], cross-sectional phase) registry were retrospectively investigated for the presence of primary pleuropulmonary manifestations. RESULTS: In total 3215 patients were included. At least one pleuropulmonary manifestation was present in 31% of patients. The most common manifestation was pleural disease (21%), followed by lupus pneumonitis (3.6%), pulmonary thromboembolism (2.9%), primary pulmonary hypertension (2.4%), diffuse interstitial lung disease (2%), alveolar hemorrhage (0.8%), and shrinking lung syndrome (0.8%). In the multivariable analysis, the variables associated with the development of pleuropulmonary manifestation were older age at disease onset (odds ratio (OR) 1.03, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.02-1.04), higher SLEDAI (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index) scores (OR 1.03, 95% CI 1.00-1.07), the presence of Raynaud's phenomenon (OR 1.41, 95% CI 1.09-1.84), secondary antiphospholipid syndrome (OR 2.20, 95% CI 1.63-2.97), and the previous or concomitant occurrence of severe lupus nephritis, (OR 1.48, 95% CI 1.12-1.95) neuropsychiatric manifestations (OR 1.49, 95% CI 1.11-2.02), non-ischemic cardiac disease (OR 2.91, 95% CI 1.90-4.15), vasculitis (OR 1.81, 95% CI 1.25-2.62), hematological manifestations (OR 1.31, 95% CI 1.00-1.71), and gastrointestinal manifestations, excluding hepatitis (OR 2.05, 95% CI 1.14-3.66). Anti-RNP positivity had a clear tendency to significance (OR 1.32, 95% CI 1.00-1.75; P = 0.054). The development of pleuropulmonary manifestations independently contributes to a diminished survival (hazard ratio of 3.13). However, not all complications will influence the prognosis in the same way. Whereas the occurrence of pleural disease or pulmonary thromboembolism has a minimal impact on the survival of these patients, the remaining manifestations have a major impact on mortality. CONCLUSION: Except for pleural disease, the remaining respiratory manifestations are very uncommon in SLE (<4%). Pleuropulmonary manifestations independently contributed to a decreased survival in these patients.


Assuntos
Pneumopatias/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pneumopatias/diagnóstico , Nefrite Lúpica/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espanha/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
11.
Rheumatol Int ; 38(6): 1075-1082, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29556704

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is an autoimmune disease, characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of exocrine glands and other organs, resulting in dry eye, dry mouth and extraglandular systemic findings. OBJECTIVE: To explore the association of severe or very severe dry eye with extraocular involvement in patients diagnosed with primary Sjögren's syndrome. METHODS: SJOGRENSER registry is a multicenter cross-sectional study of pSS patients. For the construction of our main variable, severe/very severe dry eye, we used those variables that represented a degree 3-4 of severity according to the 2007 Dry Eye Workshop classification. First, bivariate logistic regression models were used to identify the effect of each independent variable on severe/very severe dry eye. Secondly, multivariate analysis using regression model was used to establish the independent effect of patient characteristics. RESULTS: Four hundred and thirty-seven patients were included in SJOGRENSER registry; 94% of the patients complained of dry eye and 16% developed corneal ulcer. Schirmer's test was pathological in 92% of the patients; 378 patients presented severe/very severe dry eye. Inflammatory articular involvement was significantly more frequent in patients with severe/very severe dry eye than in those without severe/very severe dry eye (82.5 vs 69.5%, p = 0,028). Inflammatory joint involvement was associated with severe/very severe dry eye in the multivariate analysis, OR 2.079 (95% CI 1.096-3.941). CONCLUSION: Severe or very severe dry eye is associated with the presence of inflammatory joint involvement in patients with pSS. These results suggest that a directed anamnesis including systemic comorbidities, such as the presence of inflammatory joint involvement or dry mouth in patients with dry eye, would be useful to suspect a pSS.

12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 19(2)2018 02 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29462939

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: B-cell differentiation and B-cell tolerance checkpoints may be different in antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) from systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and can help to understand differences between them. Our aim was to define alterations of B-cell subsets in patients with primary APS (pAPS) and to compare them with SLE patients and healthy controls (HC). METHODS: Cross-sectional study including three study groups: 37 patients with pAPS, 11 SLE patients, and 21 age- and gender-matched HC. We determined the frequencies of different B-cell subsets in peripheral blood naïve and memory compartments. In addition, we measured serum B cell-activating factor (BAFF) levels and circulating pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-6, by commercial ELISA and CBA, respectively. RESULTS: Patients with pAPS showed a lower percentage of immature and naïve B cells than patients with SLE (p = 0.013 and p = 0.010, respectively) and a higher percentage of non-switched memory B cells than patients with SLE (p = 0.001). No differences either in the percentage of switched memory cells or plasma cells were found among the different groups. Serum BAFF levels were higher in SLE patients than in healthy controls and pAPS patients (p = 0.001 and p = 0.017, respectively). A significant increase in the serum BAFF levels was also observed in pAPS patients compared to HC (p = 0.047). Circulating IL-6 levels were higher in SLE and pAPS patients than HC (p = 0.036 and p = 0.048, respectively). A positive correlation was found between serum BAFF and IL-6 levels in patients with SLE but not in pAPS (p = 0.011). CONCLUSIONS: Our characterization of peripheral blood B-cell phenotypes in pAPS demonstrates different frequencies of circulating B cells at different stages of differentiation. These differences in the naïve B-cell repertoire could explain the higher number and variety of autoantibodies in SLE patients in comparison to pAPS patients, especially in those with obstetric complications.


Assuntos
Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/sangue , Subpopulações de Linfócitos B/citologia , Adulto , Fator Ativador de Células B/metabolismo , Subpopulações de Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
13.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 47(6): 877-882, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29126718

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: (a) To determine serum 25-OH vitamin D (vitD) levels in primary antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) and to compare them with patients with positive antiphospholipid serology who do not meet clinical criteria for APS, and with healthy controls. (b) To analyze the association of vitD levels with both the clinical manifestations and the immunological profile of patients with primary APS. (c) To perform a meta-analysis evaluating potential differences in serum vitD levels between APS and controls as well as the frequency of vitD deficiency in APS patients. METHODS: Retrospective study including 74 patients with primary APS, 54 with positive antiphospholipid (aPL) serology not meeting clinical criteria for APS, and 215 healthy controls. We considered 30 and 10ng/ml as the thresholds for vitD insufficiency and deficiency, respectively. Meta-analysis included four case-control studies (325 primary APS patients and 507 controls) and was conducted by fitting random effects models and checked for heterogeneity. RESULTS: Median serum vitD levels were similar in the three groups: 21ng/ml in primary APS, 25ng/ml in the aPL-positive group, and 21ng/ml in controls (p = 0.115). However, we found differences in the PTH levels, being 40.4 ± 24.9pg/ml in APS, 34.1 ± 18.2pg/ml in aPL serology, and 23.4 ±12.6pg/ml in healthy controls (p < 0.001). Regarding vitD deficiency, we found significant differences across the groups: 16.2% in APS, 11.1% in patients with positive serology, and 3.7% in controls (p = 0.001). There was a trend for the presence of thrombotic events in patients with vitD deficiency (38.9% vs 19.1%, p = 0.071). The meta-analysis confirmed that the combined mean difference in serum vitD levels between APS and controls was -3.605 (p < 0.001) and that APS patients had an increased frequency of vitD deficiency, with an OR = 3.06 (95% CI: 2.12-4.43, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: APS patients show higher frequency of vitD deficiency than the healthy individuals. The meta-analysis study, including three cohorts and ours, suggests that APS patients have significantly lower serum vitD levels and higher frequency of vitD deficiency than controls.


Assuntos
Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/sangue , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vitamina D/sangue
14.
PLoS One ; 12(10): e0185889, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28982122

RESUMO

Autoimmune diseases have a higher prevalence of cardiovascular events compared to the general population. The objective of this study was to investigate the genetic basis of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in autoimmunity. We analyzed genome-wide genotyping data from 6,485 patients from six autoimmune diseases that are associated with a high socio-economic impact. First, for each disease, we tested the association of established CVD risk loci. Second, we analyzed the association of autoimmune disease susceptibility loci with CVD. Finally, to identify genetic patterns associated with CVD risk, we applied the cross-phenotype meta-analysis approach (CPMA) on the genome-wide data. A total of 17 established CVD risk loci were significantly associated with CVD in the autoimmune patient cohorts. From these, four loci were found to have significantly different genetic effects across autoimmune diseases. Six autoimmune susceptibility loci were also found to be associated with CVD risk. Genome-wide CPMA analysis identified 10 genetic clusters strongly associated with CVD risk across all autoimmune diseases. Two of these clusters are highly enriched in pathways previously associated with autoimmune disease etiology (TNFα and IFNγ cytokine pathways). The results of this study support the presence of specific genetic variation associated with the increase of CVD risk observed in autoimmunity.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Variação Genética , Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
15.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 13(5): 264-281, sept.-oct. 2017. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-165224

RESUMO

Objetivo. Desarrollar recomendaciones basadas en la mejor evidencia y experiencia sobre el manejo de pacientes con enfermedades reumáticas inflamatorias y autoinmunes durante la edad fértil, el embarazo, posparto y lactancia. Métodos. Se siguió la metodología de grupos nominales. Se seleccionó un grupo nominal de expertos (12 reumatólogos). Se realizó una actualización de una revisión sistemática de la literatura, una revisión literaria, así como una encuesta a nivel nacional sobre el manejo de estos pacientes. El grupo de expertos se encargó de definir el alcance, usuarios, apartados del manuscrito y posibles recomendaciones. El GA con las recomendaciones se votó siguiendo la metodología Delphi según una escala de 1 (total desacuerdo) a 10 (total acuerdo), definiéndose el acuerdo como una puntuación ≥ 7 por al menos el 70% de los participantes. El NE y GR se clasificaron según el modelo del Center for Evidence Based Medicine de Oxford. El documento completo inicial fue revisado por los expertos y el proyecto estuvo coordinado, en todo momento, por un metodólogo experto. Resultados. Se generaron 14 recomendaciones sobre el periodo preconcepcional (anticoncepción, reproducción asistida), el embarazo (planificación, manejo farmacológico y seguimiento) y lactancia (manejo farmacológico y seguimiento). Incluye recomendaciones específicas sobre situaciones de especial riesgo como el lupus eritematoso sistémico y el síndrome antifosfolípido. Existió acuerdo > 90% con todas las recomendaciones menos en una de ellas. Conclusiones. En los pacientes con enfermedades inflamatorias y autoinmunes estas actuaciones pueden mejorar los resultados y el pronóstico de los mismos (AU)


Objective. To develop recommendations on the evaluation and management of patients with rheumatic autoimmune and inflammatory diseases during the reproductive age, pregnancy, post-partum and breastfeeding based on the best evidence and experience. Methods. Recommendations were generated using nominal group and Delphi techniques. An expert panel of 12 rheumatologists was established. A systematic literature review and a narrative review (websites, clinical guidelines and other relevant documentation) were performed and presented to the panel in its 1st meeting to be discussed and to help define recommendations. A first draft of recommendations was generated and circulated for comments and wording refinement. A national survey analyzing different aspects of this topic was undertaken separately, followed by a Delphi process (2 rounds). Agreement with each recommendation was ranked on a scale of 1 (total disagreement) to 10 (total agreement), and was considered to be achieved if at least 70% voted ≥ 7. The level of evidence and grade of recommendation were assessed using the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine Levels of Evidence. Results. A total of 14 recommendations were generated for the preconception period (oral and hormonal contraception, reproductive techniques), pregnancy (planning, treatment and follow-up), and breastfeeding (treatment and follow-up). High-risk situations such as lupus or antiphospholipid syndrome were included. A consensus > 90% was reached for all but one recommendation. Conclusions. These recommendations are intended to provide rheumatologists, patients, families and other stakeholders with a consensus on the evaluation and management of patients with autoimmune and inflammatory diseases during the reproductive age, pregnancy, postpartum and breastfeeding (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adulto , Doenças Reumáticas/epidemiologia , Doenças Reumáticas/terapia , Doenças Autoimunes/complicações , Doenças Autoimunes/epidemiologia , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Terapia Biológica/métodos , Fertilidade , Prognóstico , Anticoncepção/normas , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida/normas , Técnica Delfos , Complicações na Gravidez/fisiopatologia , Comorbidade , Fatores de Risco
16.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 35(6): 1047-1055, 2017 Nov-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28628467

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to describe juvenile-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (jSLE) features and to establish its differences compared to adult-onset SLE (aSLE) from a large national database. METHODS: Data from patients (≥4 ACR criteria) included in Spanish Society of Rheumatology Lupus Registry (RELESSER) were analysed. Sociodemographic, clinical, serological, activity, treatment, cumulative damage, comorbidities and severity data were collected. Patients with disease onset <18 years were described and compared to those with disease onset ≥18 years. RESULTS: We reviewed 3,428 aSLE patients (89.6% women) and 484 jSLE patients (89.8% girls), 93% Caucasian (both groups). Mean age at diagnosis was 38.1±14 and 16.6±6.3 years (p<0.001) and mean age at the end of follow-up was 48.8±14.3 and 31.5±30 years (p<0.001), respectively. jSLE showed significantly more clinical (including lymphadenopathy, fever, malar rash, mucosal ulcers, pericarditis, pleuritis, Raynaud's phenomenon, lupus nephritis, recurrent nephritis, histologic nephritis changes, thrombocytopenia, haemolytic anaemia, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, seizures, lupus headache and organic brain syndrome) and immunological (a-dsDNA and a-Sm antibodies, hypocomplementaemia) involvement than did aSLE, except for secondary Sjögren's syndrome, a-Ro antibodies, fibromyalgia and osteoporosis. jSLE also showed more SLE family history, longer diagnosis delay, higher SLEDAI and Katz scores, but lower Charlson scores than aSLE. Several specific domains were more frequently involved in SLICC/ACR DI in jSLE. jSLE patients more frequently underwent all SLE-related treatment and procedures, as well as dialysis and kidney transplantations. CONCLUSIONS: jSLE shares many clinical and serological features with aSLE. However, jSLE patients typically manifested more activity, severity, cumulative damage in certain areas, than their aSLE counterparts.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
17.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 47(3): 397-402, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28576307

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the clinical and serological course of fertile women with positive antiphospholipid (aPL), and the factors and therapeutic implications associated with aPL negativization. METHODS: Retrospective study including 105 women with a positive aPL serology between 1995 and 2013 attending the obstetric autoimmune pathology clinic of a tertiary facility. Patients were classified into the following 3 groups: patients with primary antiphospholipid syndrome (pAPS, 49), patients with a positive serology for aPL, not meeting clinical criteria (42), and patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and a positive aPL serology (14). They were also classified according to the serological aPL evolution: persistently negative aPL, transiently positive serology, and persistently positive serology according to established criteria. RESULTS: After a mean follow-up of 114.4 ± 37.2 months, 59% of patients had persistently negative antibodies, while 25.7% of patients presented persistently positive aPL serology. Multivariate analysis confirmed that smoking (OR = 4; 95% CI: 1.45-11.08; p = 0.008) was an independent risk factor for positive persistence. Persistent positivity as well as a higher antibody load was associated with higher risk for further pregnancy morbidity. In 29 patients, with persistently negative serology who were asymptomatic, treatment with low-dose aspirin was discontinued. No clinical events related to APS were reported after treatment withdrawal, during the 40.95 months of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: A significant proportion of fertile women with aPL antibodies became negative during follow-up. Tobacco use and the number of positive antibodies are associated with persistently positive serology. Patients with persistently positive aPL serology suffer more obstetric complications. Treatment withdrawal might be safe in selected patients.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos/sangue , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/sangue , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/sangue , Adulto , Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos/imunologia , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/imunologia , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Seguimentos , Heparina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/sangue , Complicações na Gravidez/imunologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Trombose/tratamento farmacológico , Trombose/imunologia , Trombose/prevenção & controle
18.
Reumatol Clin ; 2017 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28528869

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The course and long-term outcome of pure membranous lupus nephritis (MLN) are little understood. The aims of this study are to evaluate the clinical features, course, outcome and prognostic indicators in pure MLN and to determine the impact of ethnicity and the type of health insurance on the course and prognosis of pure MLN. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of medical records of 150 patients with pure MLN from Spain and the USA. RESULTS: Mean age was 34.2±12.5 and 80% were women. Sixty-eight percent of patients had nephrotic syndrome at diagnosis. The average serum creatinine was 0.98±0.78mg/dl. Six percent of patients died and 5.3% developed end-stage renal disease (ESRD). ESRD was predicted by male sex, hypertension, dyslipidemia, high basal 24h-proteinuria, high basal serum creatinine and a low basal creatinine clearance. Age, cardiac insufficiency, peripheral artheriopathy, hemodialysis and not having received mycophenolate mofetil or antimalarials for MLN predicted death. CONCLUSIONS: Pure MLN frequently presents with nephrotic syndrome, high proteinuria and normal serum creatinine. Its prognosis is favourable in maintaining renal function although proteinuria usually persists over time. Baseline cardiovascular disease and not having a health insurance are related with poor prognosis.

19.
Immunol Lett ; 187: 35-40, 2017 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28495399

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic autoimmune disease whose main feature is persistent joint inflammation. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play critical roles in the activation of innate and adaptive immune responses, and influence the activity of NFκB, a key player in chronic inflammation. We aimed at investigating the association of TLR allelic variants with susceptibility and severity of RA through a systematic, high-throughput, analysis of TLR genes. All coding exons and flanking regions of nine members of the TLR family (TLR1-9) were analyzed in 66 patients with RA and 30 healthy controls by next generation sequencing. We focussed on three single allelic variants, N248S in TLR1, Q11L in TLR7 and M1V in TLR8 based on the allelic frequencies in both patient and control populations, the predicted impact on protein function and the novelty in RA research. Analysis of these selected variants in a larger cohort of 402 patients with RA and in 208 controls revealed no association with susceptibility. However, the M1V allele was associated with a lower need for disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) (p=0.008) and biologic treatments (p=0.021). Functional studies showed that the M1V variant leads to a reduced production of inflammatory cytokines, IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNFα, in response to TLR8 agonists. Thus, the presence of this variant confers a significant protective effect on disease severity. These results show for the first time the association between the M1V variant of TLR8 and reduced disease severity in RA, which could have prognostic value for these patients.


Assuntos
Alelos , Frequência do Gene , Febre Reumática/genética , Receptores Toll-Like/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/imunologia , Feminino , Marcadores Genéticos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Febre Reumática/tratamento farmacológico , Febre Reumática/imunologia , Receptores Toll-Like/imunologia
20.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 148(9): 394-400, mayo 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-162678

RESUMO

Introducción: El síndrome antifosfolípido (SAF) es un trastorno inmunitario adquirido, definido por la presencia de trombosis (arterial y/o venosa) y/o morbilidad del embarazo junto con la presencia de anticuerpos antifosfolipídicos (aFL) positivos. Existe una relación clara entre los aFL y algunas manifestaciones no incluidas en los criterios clínicos, entre ellas, las hematológicas. Objetivos: a) estudiar la probabilidad de desarrollar SAF clínico en pacientes con aFL positivos y trombocitopenia; b) identificar posibles factores de riesgo para trombosis, y c) estudiar la asociación entre trombocitopenia y aFL. Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo de 138 pacientes con aFL positivos sin cumplir criterios clínicos de SAF. Se definió trombocitopenia como una cifra de plaquetas≤100.000/μl. Se excluyeron los pacientes con otras causas de trombocitopenia. Resultados: Diecisiete de los 138 (12%) pacientes incluidos en el estudio presentaban trombocitopenia. La cifra media de plaquetas fue de 60.000/μl. El riesgo para desarrollar trombocitopenia fue mayor en los pacientes fumadores (OR 2,8; p=0,044), en aquellos con anticoagulante lúpico (OR 13,5; p<0,001) y en los que tenían una mayor carga de aFL (OR 50,8; p<0,001). Tras un seguimiento medio de 146±60,3 meses, 5 pacientes con trombocitopenia (29,4%) desarrollaron trombosis. Conclusiones: En nuestra serie, la incidencia de trombocitopenia es del 12%. Los pacientes con aFL positivos que desarrollan trombocitopenia tienen un riesgo potencial de desarrollar trombosis. El tabaco podría ser un factor de riesgo para trombocitopenia. La carga de autoanticuerpos es un factor de riesgo para el desarrollo de trombocitopenia (AU)


Introduction: The antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an acquired immune disorder defined by the presence of thrombosis (arterial and/or venous) and/or pregnancy morbidity along with the presence of positive antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). There is a clear relationship between aPL and some events not included in the clinical criteria, including haematologic. Objectives: a) to study the probability of developing clinical APS in patients with positive aPL and thrombopenia; b) to identify potential risk factors for thrombosis, and c) to study the association between thrombocytopenia and aPL. Methods: A retrospective study of 138 patients with positive aPL without fulfilling clinical criteria for APS. Thrombocytopenia was defined as a platelet count≤100,000/μl. Patients with other causes of thrombocytopenia were excluded. Results: Seventeen of the 138 (12%) patients in the study had thrombocytopenia. The mean platelet count was 60,000/μl. The risk of developing thrombocytopenia was higher in smokers (OR 2.8; P=.044), in those with lupus anticoagulant (OR 13.5; P<.001) and those with higher burden of aPL (OR 50.8; P<.001). After a mean follow-up of 146±60.3 months, 5 patients with thrombocytopenia (29.4%) developed thrombosis. Conclusions: In our series, the incidence of thrombocytopenia is 12%. aPL-positive patients who develop thrombocytopenia have a potential risk of developing thrombosis. Tobacco could be a risk factor for thrombocytopenia. Autoantibodies load is a risk factor for the development of thrombocytopenia (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Trombocitopenia/complicações , Trombose/epidemiologia , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos/isolamento & purificação , Autoanticorpos/análise , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Comorbidade , Inibidor de Coagulação do Lúpus/isolamento & purificação
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA