Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 72
Filtrar
1.
Europace ; 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038231

RESUMO

AIMS : The aim of this study is to characterize recurrent syncope, including sex-specific aspects, and its impact on death and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). METHODS AND RESULTS: We characterized recurrent syncope in a large international multicentre study, enrolling patients ≥40 years presenting to the emergency department (ED) with a syncopal event within the last 12 h. Syncope aetiology was centrally adjudicated by two independent cardiologists using all information becoming available during syncope work-up and long-term follow-up. Overall, 1790 patients were eligible for this analysis. Incidence of recurrent syncope was 20% [95% confidence interval (CI) 18-22%] within the first 24 months. Patients with an adjudicated final diagnosis of cardiac syncope (hazard ratio (HR) 1.50, 95% CI 1.11-2.01) or syncope with an unknown aetiology even after central adjudication (HR 2.11, 95% CI 1.54-2.89) had an increased risk for syncope recurrence. Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator regression fit on all patient information available early in the ED identified >3 previous episodes of syncope as the only independent predictor for recurrent syncope (HR 2.13, 95% CI 1.64-2.75). Recurrent syncope carried an increased risk for death (HR 1.87, 95% CI 1.26-2.77) and MACE (HR 2.69, 95% CI 2.02-3.59) over 24 months of follow-up, however, with a time-dependent effect. These findings were confirmed in a sensitivity analysis excluding patients with syncope recurrence or MACE before or during ED evaluation. CONCLUSION : Recurrence rates of syncope are substantial and vary depending on syncope aetiology. Importantly, recurrent syncope carries a time-dependent increased risk for death and MACE. TRIAL REGISTRATION: BAsel Syncope EvaLuation (BASEL IX, ClinicalTrials.gov registry number NCT01548352).

2.
Contemp Clin Trials Commun ; : 100654, 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32989425

RESUMO

The disease produced by the new coronavirus known as SARS-CoV-2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2), named COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease-2019) has recently been classified as a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO). However, scarce clinical data is available and generally limited to the Chinese population due to the first cases were identified in Wuhan (Hubei, China).This article describes the rationale and design of the HOPE COVID-19 (Health Outcome Predictive Evaluation for COVID 19) registry (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04334291). With an ambispective cohort design, eligible patients are those discharged, deceased or alive, from any hospital center with a confirmed diagnosis or a COVID-19 high suspicion. With a current recruitment of more than 7000 cases, in 46 hospitals in 8 countries, since it is not possible to estimate the sample size based on literature reports, the investigators will try to get the maximum numbers of patients possible. The study primary objective is all cause mortality and aims to characterize the clinical profile of patients infected in order to develop a prognostic clinical score allowing, rapid logistic decision making. As secondary objectives, the analysis of other clinical events, the risk-adjusted influence of treatments and previous comorbidities of patients infected with the disease will be performed.The results of HOPE COVID-19 will contribute to a better understanding of this condition. We aim to describe the management of this condition as well as the outcomes in relation to the therapy chosen, in order to gain insight into improving patient care in the coming months. Clinical Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT04334291.

3.
Am J Cardiol ; 2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32946858

RESUMO

The association between atrial fibrillation, stroke, and interatrial block (IAB) (P-wave duration ≥120 ms) is well recognized, particularly in the case of advanced IAB. We aimed to assess the association of IAB with mild cognitive impairment. Advanced Characterization of Cognitive Impairment in Elderly with Interatrial Block was a case-control multicenter study, conducted in subjects aged ≥70 years in sinus rhythm without significant structural heart disease. Diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment was performed by an expert geriatrician, internist, or neurologist in the presence of changes in cognitive function (Mini Mental State Examination score 20 to 25) without established dementia. A total of 265 subjects were included. Mean age was 79.6 ± 6.3 years and 174 (65.7%) were women; there were 143 cases with mild cognitive impairment and 122 controls with normal cognitive function. Compared with controls, cases had longer P-wave duration (116.2 ± 13.8 ms vs 112.5 ± 13.3 ms, p = 0.028), higher prevalence of IAB (73 [51.0%] vs 38 [31.1%], p = 0.001), higher prevalence of advanced IAB (28 [19.6%] vs 10 [8.2%], p = 0.002), and higher MVP ECG risk score (2.7 ± 1.4 vs 2.2 ± 1.3, p = 0.004). IAB was independently associated with mild cognitive impairment, both for partial (odds ratio 2.0, 95% CI: 1.1 to 3.9) and advanced IAB (odds ratio 2.8, 95% CI: 1.1 to 6.7). In conclusion, in subjects aged ≥70 years without significant structural heart disease, IAB is independently associated with mild cognitive impairment. This association is stronger in the case of advanced IAB.

4.
Emergencias (Sant Vicenç dels Horts) ; 32(4): 242-252, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-190941

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: EL objetivo principal fue describir el perfil clínico y la mortalidad a los 30 días de diferentes categorías diagnósticas en los casos de COVID-19 atendidos en un servicio de urgencias (SU). MÉTODO: Análisis secundario del registro COVID-19_URG-HCSC. Se seleccionaron los casos sospechosos de COVID-19 atendidos en un SU de Madrid desde el 28 de febrero hasta el 31 de marzo de 2020. La muestra se dividió: 1) sospecha con PCR no realizada (S/PCR NR); 2) sospecha con PCR negativa (S/PCR-); 3) sospecha con PCR positiva (S/PCR+); 4) alta sospecha con PCR negativa o no realizada (AS/PCR- o NR); y 5) alta sospecha con PCR positiva (AS/PCR+). Se recogieron variables clínicas, radiológicas y microbiológicas del episodio de urgencias. La variable de resultado principal fue la mortalidad por cualquier causa a los 30 días. Las variables secundarias fueron el ingreso y la gravedad del episodio. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron 1.993 pacientes; 17,2% S/PCR NR, 11,4% S/PCR-, 22,1% S/PCR+, 11,7% AS/PCR- o NR y 37,6% AS/PCR+. Se hallaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas respecto a las variables demográficas, comorbilidad, clínicas, radiográficas, analíticas y terapéuticas y de resultados a corto plazo en función las categorías diagnósticas. La mortalidad global a los 30 días fue de un 11,5%, 56,5% casos fueron hospitalizados y 19,6% casos sufrieron un episodio grave. Las categorías de AS y de S/PCR+ tuvieron un incremento del riesgo ajustado de mortalidad a los 30 días y de sufrir un episodio grave durante el ingreso hospitalario respecto a S/PCR-. En relación al ingreso, solo las categorías de AS tuvieron un incremento del riesgo ajustado de hospitalización respecto a la categoría de S/PCR-. CONCLUSIONES: Existen diferentes categorías diagnósticas de la enfermedad COVID-19 en función del perfil clínico y microbiológico que tienen correlato con el pronóstico a 30 días


OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to describe the clinical characteristics and 30-day mortality rates in emergency department patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in different diagnostic groupings. METHODS: Secondary analysis of the COVID-19 registry compiled by the emergency department of Hospital Clínico San Carlos in Madrid, Spain. We selected suspected COVID-19 cases treated in the emergency department between February 28 and March 31, 2020. The cases were grouped as follows: 1) suspected, no polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test (S/no-PCR); 2) suspected, negative PCR (S/PCR-); 3) suspected, positive PCR (S/PCR+); 4) highly suspected, no PCR, or negative PCR (HS/no or PCR-); and 5) highly suspected, positive PCR (HS/PCR+). We collected clinical, radiologic, and microbiologic data related to the emergency visit. The main outcome was 30-day all-cause mortality. Secondary outcomes were hospitalization and clinical severity of the episode. RESULTS: A total of 1993 cases (90.9%) were included as follows: S/no-PCR, 17.2%; S/PCR-, 11.4%; S/PCR+, 22.1%; HS/no PCR or PCR-, 11.7%; and HS/PCR+, 37.6%. Short-term outcomes differed significantly in the different groups according to demographic characteristics; comorbidity and clinical, radiographic, analytical, and therapeutic variables. Thirty-day mortality was 11.5% (56.5% in hospitalized cases and 19.6% in cases classified as severe). The 2 HS categories and the S/PCR+ category had a greater adjusted risk for 30-day mortality and for having a clinically severe episode during hospitalization in comparison with S/PCR- cases. Only the 2 HS categories showed greater risk for hospitalization than the S/PCR- cases


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Ficha Clínica , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
5.
Emergencias ; 32(4): 242-252, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32692001

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to describe the clinical characteristics and 30-day mortality rates in emergency department patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in different diagnostic groupings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Secondary analysis of the COVID-19 registry compiled by the emergency department of Hospital Clínico San Carlos in Madrid, Spain. We selected suspected COVID-19 cases treated in the emergency department between February 28 and March 31, 2020. The cases were grouped as follows: 1) suspected, no polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test (S/no-PCR); 2) suspected, negative PCR (S/PCR-); 3) suspected, positive PCR (S/PCR+); 4) highly suspected, no PCR, or negative PCR (HS/no or PCR-); and 5) highly suspected, positive PCR (HS/PCR+). We collected clinical, radiologic, and microbiologic data related to the emergency visit. The main outcome was 30-day all-cause mortality. Secondary outcomes were hospitalization and clinical severity of the episode. RESULTS: A total of 1993 cases (90.9%) were included as follows: S/no-PCR, 17.2%; S/PCR-, 11.4%; S/PCR+, 22.1%; HS/no PCR or PCR-, 11.7%; and HS/PCR+, 37.6%. Short-term outcomes differed significantly in the different groups according to demographic characteristics; comorbidity and clinical, radiographic, analytical, and therapeutic variables. Thirty-day mortality was 11.5% (56.5% in hospitalized cases and 19.6% in cases classified as severe). The 2 HS categories and the S/PCR+ category had a greater adjusted risk for 30-day mortality and for having a clinically severe episode during hospitalization in comparison with S/PCR- cases. Only the 2 HS categories showed greater risk for hospitalization than the S/PCR- cases. CONCLUSION: COVID-19 diagnostic groups differ according to clinical and laboratory characteristics, and the differences are associated with the 30-day prognosis.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Adulto , Causas de Morte , Comorbidade , Intervalos de Confiança , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Grupos Diagnósticos Relacionados , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Espanha/epidemiologia , Avaliação de Sintomas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Eur Geriatr Med ; 11(5): 829-841, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32671732

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the differences by age-dependent categories in the clinical profile, presentation, management, and short-term outcomes of patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 admitted to a Spanish Emergency Department (ED). METHODS: Secondary analysis of COVID-19_URG-HCSC registry. We included all consecutive patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 admitted to the ED of the University Hospital Clinico San Carlos (Madrid, Spain). The population was divided into six age groups. Demographic, baseline and acute clinical data, and in-hospital and 30-day outcomes were collected. RESULTS: 1379 confirmed COVID-19 cases (mean age 62 (SD 18) years old; 53.5% male) were included (18.1% < 45 years; 17.8% 45-54 years; 17.9% 55-64 years; 17.2% 65-74 years; 17.0% 75-84 years; and 11.9% ≥ 85 years). A statistically significant association was found between demographic, comorbidity, clinical, radiographic, analytical, and therapeutic variables and short-term results according to age-dependent categories. There were less COVID-specific symptoms and more atypical symptoms among older people. Age was a prognostic factor for hospital admission (aOR = 1.04; 95% CI 1.02-1.05) and in-hospital (aOR = 1.08; 95% CI 1.05-1.10) and 30-day mortality (aOR = 1.07; 95% CI 1.04-1.09), and was associated with not being admitted to intensive care (aOR = 0.95; 95% CI 0.93-0.98). CONCLUSIONS: Older age is associated with less COVID-specific symptoms and more atypical symptoms, and poor short-term outcomes. Age has independent prognostic value and may help in shared decision-making in patients with confirmed COVID-19 infection.

7.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32451223

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Release kinetics of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) T and I in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are incompletely understood. We aimed to assess whether hs-cTnT/I release in early AMI is near linear. METHODS: In a prospective diagnostic multicenter study the acute release of hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI within 1 and 2hours from presentation to the emergency department was quantified using 3 hs-cTnT/I assays in patients with suspected AMI. The primary endpoint was correlation between hs-cTn changes from presentation to 1 hour vs changes from presentation to 2hours, among all AMI patients and different prespecified subgroups. The final diagnosis was adjudicated by 2 independent cardiologists, based on serial hs-cTnT from the serial study blood samples and additional locally measured hs-cTn values. RESULTS: Among 2437 patients with complete hs-cTnT data, AMI was the adjudicated diagnosis in 376 patients (15%). For hs-cTnT, the correlation coefficient between 0- to 1-hour change and 0- to 2 hour change was 0.931 (95%CI, 0.916-0.944), P <.001. Similar findings were obtained with hs-cTnI (Architect) with correlation coefficients between 0- to 1-hour change and 0- to 2 hour change of 0.969 and hs-cTnI (Centaur) of 0.934 (P <.001 for both). Findings were consistent among type 1 and type 2 AMI and in the subgroup of patients presenting very early after chest pain onset. CONCLUSIONS: Patients presenting with early AMI showed a near linear release of hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI. This near linearity provides the pathophysiological basis for rapid diagnostic algorithms using 0- to 1-hour changes as surrogates for 0- to 2 hour or 0- to 3 hour changes. Registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (Identifier: NCT00470587).

9.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 75(10): 1111-1124, 2020 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32164884

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Until now, high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) assays were mainly developed for large central laboratory platforms. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the clinical performance of a point-of-care (POC)-hs-cTnI assay in patients with suspected myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: This study enrolled patients presenting to the emergency department with symptoms suggestive of MI. Two cardiologists centrally adjudicated the final diagnosis using all clinical data including cardiac imaging. The primary objective was to directly compare diagnostic accuracy of POC-hs-cTnI-TriageTrue versus best-validated central laboratory assays. Secondary objectives included the derivation and validation of a POC-hs-cTnI-TriageTrue-specific 0/1-h algorithm. RESULTS: MI was the adjudicated final diagnosis in 178 of 1,261 patients (14%). The area under the curve (AUC) for POC-hs-cTnI-TriageTrue at presentation was 0.95 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.93 to 0.96) and was at least comparable to hs-cTnT-Elecsys (AUC: 0.94; 95% CI: 0.93 to 0.96; p = 0.213) and hs-cTnI-Architect (AUC: 0.92; 95% CI: 0.90 to 0.93; p < 0.001). A single cutoff concentration <3 ng/l at presentation identified 45% of patients at low risk with a negative predictive value (NPV) of 100% (95% CI: 99.4% to 100%). A single cutoff concentration >60 ng/l identified patients at high risk with a positive predictive value (PPV) of 76.8% (95% CI: 68.9% to 83.6%). The 0/1-h algorithm ruled out 55% of patients (NPV: 100%; 95% CI: 98.8% to 100%), and ruled in 18% of patients (PPV: 76.8%; 95% CI: 67.2% to 84.7%). Ruled-out patients had cumulative event rates of 0% at 30 days and 1.6% at 2 years. This study confirmed these findings in a secondary analysis including hs-cTnI-Architect for central adjudication. CONCLUSIONS: The POC-hs-cTnI-TriageTrue assay provides high diagnostic accuracy in patients with suspected MI with a clinical performance that is at least comparable to that of best-validated central laboratory assays. (Advantageous Predictors of Acute Coronary Syndromes Evaluation Study [APACE]; NCT00470587).

11.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 22(2): 267-275, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31833168

RESUMO

AIM: To determine whether initiation of antibiotic therapy (ABX) by procalcitonin (PCT) within 8 h of admission in patients presenting to the emergency department with symptoms and signs of acute heart failure (AHF) and elevated natriuretic peptides would improve clinical outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study was a randomized multicentre clinical trial conducted at 16 sites in Europe. Patients were randomized to either a PCT-guided strategy or standard care. Patients with PCT-guided strategy (n = 370) had ABX initiated if PCT was > 0.2 µg/L. Patients with standard care (n = 372) had AHF care in accordance with published guidelines without PCT. The primary endpoint was 90-day all-cause mortality. Pre-specified secondary endpoints included 30-day all-cause mortality and readmission and rate of pneumonia. The Data Safety and Review Committee recommended stopping the study for futility when 762 of the planned 792 patients had been enrolled. A total of 742 patients could be analysed. Patients were elderly (median age: 77 years), 38% were women, and had typical signs and symptoms of AHF. All-cause mortality at 90 days was 10.3% in the PCT-guided group vs. 8.2% in standard care (P = 0.316). Thirty-day readmission was significantly higher in the PCT-guided group vs. standard care but the difference vanished until day 90. The rate of pneumonia was overall low (7.5%) and not different between groups. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with AHF, a strategy of PCT-guided initiation of ABX was not more effective than a standard care strategy in improving clinical outcomes.

13.
Emergencias (Sant Vicenç dels Horts) ; 31(6): 413-416, dic. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-185140

RESUMO

Objetivo. Estudiar la frecuencia de fragilidad física y si su presencia se asocia con la presencia de resultados adversos en el primer año en los pacientes mayores con insuficiencia cardiaca aguda (ICA) dados de alta desde urgencias. Método. Estudio observacional de cohortes prospectivo que incluyó a los pacientes de 75 o más años con ICA dados de alta desde un servicio de urgencias. Se definió la fragilidad física como la presencia de 7 puntos en el Short Physical Performance Battery. La variable de resultado fue la aparición de un evento compuesto (revisita o reingreso por insuficiencia cardiaca y mortalidad por cualquier causa) en los primeros 365 días tras el alta de urgencias. Resultados. Se incluyeron 86 pacientes [edad media: 84 (DE 6 años); 59,3% mujeres]. La presencia de fragilidad se documentó en 49 (57%) pacientes. La frecuencia de la variable de resultado compuesta a los 365 días tras el alta de urgencias fue de un 46,5%. La fragilidad física fue un factor pronóstico independiente de presentar la variable resultado (OR ajustada = 3,6; IC 95% 1,0-12,9; p = 0,047). Conclusiones. La presencia de fragilidad física en los pacientes mayores con ICA dados de alta desde urgencias podría ser un factor pronóstico de malos resultados durante el primer año


Objective. To study the frequency of physical frailty and explore whether its presence in older patients with acute heart failure (AHF) is associated with adverse outcomes in the year after discharge from a emergency department (ED). Methods. Prospective observational cohort study in patients with AHF aged 75 years or older who were discharged from our ED. Physical frailty was defined by a score of 7 or less on the Short Physical Performance Battery. The outcome was the development of a composite event (ED revisit for AHF, hospital readmission for AHF, or all-cause mortality) within 365 days of discharge from the ED. Results. Eighty-six patients with a mean (SD) age of 84 (6) years were included; 59.3% were women. Frailty was identified in 49 patients (57%). The composite outcome was observed in 46.5% within 365 days. Physical fragility was an independent predictor of the outcome (adjusted odds ratio, 3.6; 95% CI, 1.0-12.9; P=.047). Conclusions. Frailty in older patients with AHF may predict a poor outcome during the year following discharge from an emergency department


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Idoso Fragilizado , Prognóstico , Alta do Paciente , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Prospectivos
14.
Emergencias ; 31(6): 413-416, 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31777214

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the frequency of physical frailty and explore whether its presence in older patients with acute heart failure (AHF) is associated with adverse outcomes in the year after discharge from a emergency department (ED). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective observational cohort study in patients with AHF aged 75 years or older who were discharged from our ED. Physical frailty was defined by a score of 7 or less on the Short Physical Performance Battery. The outcome was the development of a composite event (ED revisit for AHF, hospital readmission for AHF, or all-cause mortality) within 365 days of discharge from the ED. RESULTS: Eighty-six patients with a mean (SD) age of 84 (6) years were included; 59.3% were women. Frailty was identified in 49 patients (57%). The composite outcome was observed in 46.5% within 365 days. Physical fragility was an independent predictor of the outcome (adjusted odds ratio, 3.6; 95% CI, 1.0-12.9; P=.047). CONCLUSION: Frailty in older patients with AHF may predict a poor outcome during the year following discharge from an emergency department.

15.
Clin Chem ; 65(11): 1426-1436, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570633

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to validate the clinical performance of the high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I [VITROS® Immunodiagnostic Products hs Troponin I (hs-cTnI-VITROS)] assay. METHODS: We enrolled patients presenting to the emergency department with symptoms suggestive of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Final diagnoses were centrally adjudicated by 2 independent cardiologists considering all clinical information, including cardiac imaging: first, using serial hs-cTnT-Elecsys (primary analysis) and, second, using hs-cTnI-Architect (secondary analysis) measurements in addition to the clinically used (hs)-cTn. hs-cTnI-VITROS was measured at presentation and at 1 h in a blinded fashion. The primary objective was direct comparison of diagnostic accuracy as quantified by the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of hs-cTnI-VITROS vs hs-cTnT-Elecsys and hs-cTnI-Architect, and in a subgroup also hs-cTnI-Centaur and hs-cTnI-Access. Secondary objectives included the derivation and validation of an hs-cTnI-VITROS-0/1-h algorithm. RESULTS: AMI was the adjudicated final diagnosis in 158 of 1231 (13%) patients. At presentation, the AUC for hs-cTnI-VITROS was 0.95 (95% CI, 0.93-0.96); for hs-cTnT-Elecsys, 0.94 (95% CI, 0.92-0.95); and for hs-cTnI-Architect, 0.92 (95% CI, 0.90-0.94). AUCs for hs-cTnI-Centaur and hs-cTnI-Access were 0.95 (95% CI, 0.94-0.97). Applying the derived hs-cTnI-VITROS-0/1-h algorithm (derivation cohort n = 519) to the validation cohort (n = 520), 53% of patients were ruled out [sensitivity, 100% (95% CI, 94.1-100)] and 14% of patients were ruled in [specificity, 95.6% (95% CI, 93.4-97.2)]. Patients ruled out by the 0/1-h algorithm had a survival rate of 99.8% at 30 days. Findings were confirmed in the secondary analyses using the adjudication including serial measurements of hs-cTnI-Architect. CONCLUSIONS: The hs-cTnI-VITROS assay has at least comparable diagnostic accuracy with the currently best validated hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI assays. CLINICALTRIALSGOV IDENTIFIER: NCT00470587.

16.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(7): 842-854, 2019 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416527

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early and accurate detection of short-term major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in patients with suspected acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is an unmet clinical need. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that adding clinical judgment and electrocardiogram findings to the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) measurement at presentation and after 1 h (ESC hs-cTn 0/1 h algorithm) would further improve its performance to predict MACE. METHODS: Patients presenting to an emergency department with suspected AMI were enrolled in a prospective, multicenter diagnostic study. The primary endpoint was MACE, including all-cause death, cardiac arrest, AMI, cardiogenic shock, sustained ventricular arrhythmia, and high-grade atrioventricular block within 30 days including index events. The secondary endpoint was MACE + unstable angina (UA) receiving early (≤24 h) revascularization. RESULTS: Among 3,123 patients, the ESC hs-cTnT 0/1 h algorithm triaged significantly more patients toward rule-out compared with the extended algorithm (60%; 95% CI: 59% to 62% vs. 45%; 95% CI: 43% to 46%; p < 0.001), while maintaining similar 30-day MACE rates (0.6%; 95% CI: 0.3% to 1.1% vs. 0.4%; 95% CI: 0.1% to 0.9%; p = 0.429), resulting in a similar negative predictive value (99.4%; 95% CI: 98.9% to 99.6% vs. 99.6%; 95% CI: 99.2% to 99.8%; p = 0.097). The ESC hs-cTnT 0/1 h algorithm ruled-in fewer patients (16%; 95% CI: 14.9% to 17.5% vs. 26%; 95% CI: 24.2% to 27.2%; p < 0.001) compared with the extended algorithm, albeit with a higher positive predictive value (76.6%; 95% CI: 72.8% to 80.1% vs. 59%; 95% CI: 55.5% to 62.3%; p < 0.001). For 30-day MACE + UA, the ESC hs-cTnT 0/1 h algorithm had a higher positive predictive value for rule-in, whereas the extended algorithm had a higher negative predictive value for the rule-out. Similar findings emerged when using hs-cTnI. CONCLUSIONS: The ESC hs-cTn 0/1 h algorithm better balanced efficacy and safety in the prediction of MACE, whereas the extended algorithm is the preferred option for the rule-out of 30-day MACE + UA. (Advantageous Predictors of Acute Coronary Syndromes Evaluation [APACE]; NCT00470587).


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Troponina/sangue , Idoso , Angina Instável/diagnóstico , Angina Instável/epidemiologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Arritmias Cardíacas/epidemiologia , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/diagnóstico , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/epidemiologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Eletrocardiografia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Parada Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Parada Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Revascularização Miocárdica , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Choque Cardiogênico/diagnóstico , Choque Cardiogênico/epidemiologia
17.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(6): 744-754, 2019 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395124

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of pulmonary embolism (PE) in patients presenting with syncope to the emergency department (ED) is largely unknown. This information, however, is necessary to balance the potential medical benefit or harm of systematic PE screening in patients presenting with syncope to the ED. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the prevalence of PE in patients with syncope. METHODS: Unselected patients presenting with syncope to the ED were prospectively enrolled in a diagnostic multicenter study. Pre-test clinical probability for PE was assessed using the 2-level Wells score and the results of D-dimer testing using age-adapted cutoffs. Presence of PE was evaluated by imaging modalities, when ordered as part of the clinical assessment by the treating ED physician or by long-term follow-up data. RESULTS: Long-term follow-up was complete in 1,380 patients (99%) at 360 days and 1,156 patients (83%) at 720 days. Among 1,397 patients presenting with syncope to the ED, PE was detected at presentation in 19 patients (1.4%; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.87% to 2.11%). The incidence of new PEs or cardiovascular death during 2-year follow-up was 0.9% (95% CI: 0.5% to 1.5%). In the subgroup of patients hospitalized (47%), PE was detected at presentation in 15 patients (2.3%; 95% CI: 1.4% to 3.7%). The incidence of new PEs or cardiovascular death during 2-year follow-up was 0.9% (95% CI: 0.4% to 2.0%). CONCLUSIONS: PE seems to be a rather uncommon cause of syncope among patients presenting to the ED. Therefore, systematic PE-screening in all patients with syncope does not seem warranted. (BAsel Syncope EvaLuation Study [BASEL IX]; NCT01548352).


Assuntos
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Embolia Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Síncope/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Saúde Global , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
19.
CorSalud ; 11(2): 153-160, abr.-jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089727

RESUMO

RESUMEN Tanto la diabetes mellitus como la insuficiencia cardíaca son dos enfermedades que frecuentemente van de la mano. Los resultados de recientes estudios sobre disminución de mortalidad, hospitalización por insuficiencia cardíaca y aparición de eventos cardiovasculares, que han demostrado ciertos hipoglucemiantes no insulínicos, han hecho que cambien las recomendaciones en cuanto al tratamiento de la diabetes mellitus. El objetivo clásico del tratamiento de la diabetes, centrado en la reducción de la hemoglobina glicada para reducir el daño microvascular, aunque siga siendo importante, puede que haya pasado a un segundo plano, ahora que disponemos de fármacos que podrían disminuir también el daño macrovascular.


ABSTRACT Both diabetes mellitus and heart failure often go hand in hand. The results of recent studies on decreased mortality, heart failure hospitalization and the occurrence of cardiovascular events, which have shown certain non-insulin hypoglycemic agents, have brought about changes in the diabetes treatment recommendations. The classic goal of diabetes treatment, focused on reducing glycated hemoglobin to reduce microvascular damage, although still important, may have faded into the background, since we have drugs that could also reduce macrovascular damage.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Tratamento Farmacológico , Insuficiência Cardíaca
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA