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1.
Chem Biodivers ; 19(4): e202200097, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35213780

RESUMO

This updated review article covers the literature between 2011 and 2021 on the antibacterial activity of EOs against the main bacteria that cause caries and periodontal diseases. The criteria to classify the in vitro antibacterial activity of EOs is updated and the most promising results are addressed.


Assuntos
Óleos Voláteis , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bactérias , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia
2.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34647501

RESUMO

Origanum vulgare, known for its medicinal value, is officially accepted in many countries. The flowers and leaves are used globally in homeopathy. In Brazilian folk medicine, O. vulgare has been used to treat diabetes mellitus. This study evaluated the hypoglycemic activity of an infusion extract (RosCE) of commercially available O. vulgare leaves in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Oral administration of RosCE resulted in the reduction of blood glucose levels after the first day of treatment, compared to the diabetic control group. These results showed that RosCE displays hypoglycemic activity, which may be due to the combined effect of rosmarinic acid, and other minor compounds. Reversed phase-high performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection was used to identify and quantify the major constituents of RosCE. This study presents evidence that supports the folkloric use of O. vulgare for the treatment of hyperglycemia, confirming the use of its infusion as an antidiabetic herbal medicine.

4.
J Fungi (Basel) ; 7(9)2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34575718

RESUMO

Cercospora brachiata is a phytopathogenic fungus. To know more about the metabolites produced by this fungus, the objective of this work was to identify, isolate and characterize substances present in extracts of the growth broth and mycelium, using gas chromatography with mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). It was also objective to evaluate the antibacterial activity of the extracts. Among the compounds identified, fatty acids, esters, and steroids can be highlighted. The main compounds identified are 9-hexadecenoic, hexadecenoic, oleic, octadecanoic, lauric, myristic, palmitic, doceno-13-enoic, stearic, linoleic, and nonadecanoic acids present in almost all extracts. For the antibacterial activity, the broth microdilution method was used. The ethyl acetate extract of the mycelium presented inhibitory concentrations (MICs) against the bacterium Actinomyces naeslundii (100 µg mL-1) and Streptococcus sanguinis (200 µg mL-1). Finally, two steroids were isolated and identified in the hexane extract of mycelium: ergosta-6,22-dien-3ß,5α,8α-triol and brassicasterol.

5.
J Inorg Biochem ; 223: 111543, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34298306

RESUMO

Considering the promising previous results on the remarkable activity exhibited by cobalt(III) and manganese(II) thiosemicarbazone compounds as antibacterial agents, the present study aimed to prepare and then evaluate the antibacterial activity of two different types of Cu(II) complexes based on a 2-acetylpyridine-N(4)-methyl-thiosemicarbazone ligand (Hatc-Me), a monomer complex [CuCl(atc-Me)] and a novel dinuclear complex [{Cu(µ-atc-Me)}2µ-SO4]. The compounds were characterized by infrared spectra, ultraviolet visible and CHN elemental analysis. In addition, the crystalline structures of the complexes were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. In both cases, the Schiff base ligand coordinated in a tridentate mode via the pyridine nitrogen, imine nitrogen and sulfur atoms. The two Cu(II) atoms in the dimer are five coordinate, consisting of three NNS-donor atoms from the thiosemicarbazone ligand connected by a sulfate bridge. The Hirshfeld surface and energy framework of the complexes were additionally analyzed to verify the intermolecular interactions. The biological activity of the Cu(II) salts, the free ligand and its Cu(II) complexes was evaluated against six strains of mycobacteria including Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The complexes showed promising results as antibacterial agents for M. avium and M. tuberculosis, which ranged from 6.12 to 12.73 µM. Furthermore, molecular docking analysis was performed and the binding energy of the docked compound [{Cu(µ-atc-Me)}2µ-SO4] with M. tuberculosis and M. avium strains were extremely favorable (-11.11 and - 14.03 kcal/mol, respectively). The in silico results show that the complexes are potential candidates for the development of new antimycobacterial drugs.


Assuntos
Antituberculosos/farmacologia , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Tiossemicarbazonas/farmacologia , Antituberculosos/síntese química , Antituberculosos/metabolismo , Antituberculosos/farmacocinética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Complexos de Coordenação/metabolismo , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacocinética , Cobre/química , Ligantes , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Mycobacterium avium/efeitos dos fármacos , Mycobacterium kansasii/efeitos dos fármacos , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/efeitos dos fármacos , Ligação Proteica , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Termodinâmica , Tiossemicarbazonas/síntese química , Tiossemicarbazonas/metabolismo , Tiossemicarbazonas/farmacocinética
6.
Chem Biodivers ; 18(8): e2100307, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34086414

RESUMO

Brazilian green and red propolis stand out as commercial products for different medical applications. In this article, we report the antimicrobial activities of the hydroalcoholic extracts of green (EGP) and red (ERP) propolis, as well as guttiferone E plus xanthochymol (8) and oblongifolin B (9) from red propolis, against multidrug-resistant bacteria (MDRB). We undertook the minimal inhibitory (MIC) and bactericidal (MBC) concentrations, inhibition of biofilm formation (MICB50 ), catalase, coagulase, DNase, lipase, and hemolysin assays, along with molecular docking simulations. ERP was more effective by displaying MIC and MBC values <100 µg mL-1 . Compounds 8 and 9 displayed the lowest MIC values (0.98 to 31.25 µg mL-1 ) against all tested Gram-positive MDRB. They also inhibited the biofilm formation of S. aureus (ATCC 43300 and clinical isolate) and S. epidermidis (ATCC 14990 and clinical isolate), with MICB50 values between 1.56 and 6.25 µg mL-1 . The molecular docking results indicated that 8 and 9 might interact with the catalase's amino acids. Compounds 8 and 9 have great antimicrobial potential.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/efeitos dos fármacos , Própole/química , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Anti-Infecciosos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Benzofenonas/química , Benzofenonas/isolamento & purificação , Benzofenonas/metabolismo , Benzofenonas/farmacologia , Sítios de Ligação , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Brasil , Catalase/química , Catalase/metabolismo , Domínio Catalítico , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Própole/metabolismo , Própole/farmacologia , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus/fisiologia
7.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-6, 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34034579

RESUMO

Spiranthera odoratissima A. St.-Hil. (Rutaceae) has been popularly used against abdominal pain and rheumatism. This study aimed at extracting hexane from S. odoratissima (HE-SO) leaves to identify and quantify its volatile compounds by GC-MS and GC-FID and to evaluate its antifungal, antileishmanial and antibacterial activities in vitro. HE-SO exhibited antileishmanial activity against promastigote forms of Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis (IC50 = 38.16 µg/mL) and was moderately active against Xylella fastidiosa (MIC = 100 µg/mL). HE-SO also showed remarkable antifungal potential against six strains of Candida species, i. e., C. albicans, C. glabrata, C. parapsilosis, C. krusei, C. tropicalis and C. orthopsilosis. The lowest MIC values were between 31.25 and 250 µg/mL. Spathulenol (20.2%), τ-cadinol (11.7%), α-cadinol (9.4%), caryophyllene oxide (9.2%) and isoaromadendrene epoxide (8.2%) were the major components identified in HE-SO. Therefore, results showed that HE-SO has promising antileishmanial and antifungal actions.

8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(21)2020 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33171773

RESUMO

Considering our previous findings on the remarkable activity exhibited by cobalt(III) with 2-acetylpyridine-N(4)-R-thiosemicarbazone (Hatc-R) compounds against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the present study aimed to explored new structure features of the complexes of the type [Co(atc--R)2]Cl, where R = methyl (Me, 1) or phenyl (Ph, 2) (13C NMR, high-resolution mass spectrometry, LC-MS/MS, fragmentation study) together with its antibacterial and antiviral biological activities. The minimal inhibitory and minimal bactericidal concentrations (MIC and MBC) were determined, as well as the antiviral potential of the complexes on chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection in vitro and cell viability. [Co(atc-Ph)2]Cl revealed promising MIC and MBC values which ranged from 0.39 to 0.78 µg/mL in two strains tested and presented high potential against CHIKV by reducing viral replication by up to 80%. The results showed that the biological activity is strongly influenced by the peripheral substituent groups at the N(4) position of the atc-R1- ligands. In addition, molecular docking analysis was performed. The relative binding energy of the docked compound with five bacteria strains was found in the range of -3.45 and -9.55 kcal/mol. Thus, this work highlights the good potential of cobalt(III) complexes and provide support for future studies on this molecule aiming at its antibacterial and antiviral therapeutic application.


Assuntos
Cobalto/farmacologia , Tiossemicarbazonas/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antivirais/farmacologia , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Febre de Chikungunya/tratamento farmacológico , Vírus Chikungunya/efeitos dos fármacos , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Cobalto/química , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Ligantes , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Tiossemicarbazonas/farmacologia
9.
ACS Omega ; 5(3): 1363-1370, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32010806

RESUMO

Scheelea phalerata Mart. ex Spreng (Arecaceae) is a palm tree found in the Brazilian cerrado. There are no topics related to volatile oils from S. phalerata leaves in the literature. This work determines its chemical composition and evaluates the biological activity under two different seasonal conditions (dry and rainy seasons). The dry essential oil yield was 0.034 ± 0.001% and the rainy essential oil yield was 0.011 ± 0.003%. Both essential oils presented different qualitative and quantitative compositions (99.4 and 98.5%). The main constituents of the dry essential oil were phytol (36.7%), nonadecane (9.7%), linolenic acid (9.1%), (Z)-hex-3-en-1-ol (4.2%), and squalene (4.0%). The main constituents of the rainy essential oil were phytol (26.1%), palmitic acid (18.7%), hexan-1-ol (15.6%), (Z)-hex-3-en-1-ol (9.7%), and oleic acid (4.0%). The antileishmanial activity against promastigotes of Leishmania amazonensis was observed only for the rainy season essential oil (IC50 value of 165.05 ± 33.26 µg mL-1). A molecular docking study showed that alcohols exert a paramount efficacy and that the action of some essential oil compounds may be similar to that of amphotericin B. Still, only the essential oil from the dry season showed moderate antibacterial activity against S. sanguinis (MICs 200-400 µg mL-1). The cytotoxicity against Vero cells was identical (>512) for both essential oils. The novel data here for both chemical characterization and biological activity, in particular, evidence that the action of these compounds is similar to that of amphotericin B, provide valuable information to the drug-discovery field.

10.
J Nat Prod ; 83(1): 55-65, 2020 01 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895573

RESUMO

A new method of screening was developed to generate 770 organic and water-soluble fractions from extracts of nine species of marine sponges, from the growth media of 18 species of marine-derived fungi, and from the growth media of 13 species of endophytic fungi. The screening results indicated that water-soluble fractions displayed significant bioactivity in cytotoxic, antibiotic, anti-Leishmania, anti-Trypanosoma cruzi, and inhibition of proteasome assays. Purification of water-soluble fractions from the growth medium of Penicillium solitum IS1-A provided the new glutamic acid derivatives solitumine A (1), solitumine B (2), and solitumidines A-D (3-6). The structures of compounds 1-6 have been established by analysis of spectroscopic data, chemical derivatizations, and vibrational circular dichroism calculations. Although no biological activity could be observed for compounds 1-6, the new structures reported for 1-6 indicate that the investigation of water-soluble natural products represents a relevant strategy in finding new secondary metabolites.


Assuntos
Glutamatos/química , Regiões Antárticas , Fungos/química , Estrutura Molecular , Penicillium/química , Água
11.
Arch Oral Biol ; 110: 104585, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838294

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the in vitro activity of the crude extracts obtained from Caesalpinia ferrea Mart. (Jucá), Cinnamomum cassia B. (Cinnamon), Mallow sylvestris L. (Mallow), Punica granatum L. (Pomegranate), Rosmarinus officinalis L. (Rosemary), Aeolanthus suaveolens (Als.) Spreng. (Macassá), Sysygium aromaticum L. (Clove), and Tamarindus indica L. (Tamarind) against oral microorganisms (e.g., Fusobacterium nucleatum, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, and Parvimonas micra) that produce volatile sulfur compounds (VSC). The pure extracts were placed in culture medium for the diffusion test in agar. The Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) was determined by the microdilution method, and microbial growth was assayed with resazurin. Total polyphenols in the extracts were measured by using the Prussian Blue Method. For the salivary sediment test, the sediments were exposed to the Jucá and Pomegranate extracts, which was followed by incubation and organoleptic measurements with a monitor (Halimeter®) at 1-, 2-, 4-, and 24 -h intervals. The diffusion test revealed mixed results for the extracts. When the zone of inhibition was present, it ranged from 1.6-10.3 mm. The Pomegranate extract was the only extract that inhibited all the evaluated microorganisms; the MIC values ranged from 50 to 400 µg/mL. The Pomegranate and Jucá extracts presented higher levels of polyphenols, 7.3 % and 3.9 %, respectively, and less VSC formation as compared to the negative control. In conclusion, the extracts display antimicrobial activity against the tested microorganisms. The investigated plants have the potential to reduce the main substances related to halitosis of oral origin.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Halitose , Extratos Vegetais , Plantas Medicinais , Prevotella intermedia , Halitose/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
12.
Nat Prod Res ; 34(21): 3149-3153, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31084218

RESUMO

Nectandra megapotamica is a tree species that naturally occurs in the Atlantic Forest, Brazil. This paper aims to investigate the chemical composition and in vitro antibacterial, antileishmanial and antiproliferative activities of essential oil from N. megapotamica leaves (NM-EO). It displayed high antibacterial activity against Streptococcus mutans, S. sobrinus, Prevotella nigrescens and Bacteroides fragilis. NM-EO also exhibited high antileishmanial activity against promastigote forms of Leishmania amazonensis. Its antiproliferative activity was evaluated against the following cells: GM07429A (normal cell), MCF-7 (human breast adenocarcinoma), HeLa (human cervical adenocarcinoma) and M059J (human glioblastoma). Its major components, which were determined by GC-FID and GC-MS, were α-bisabolol (13.7%), bicyclogermacrene (10.9%), (E,E)-farnesene (10.6%), Z-caryophyllene (9.5%) and (E)-ß-farnesene (7.0%). These results suggest that N. megapotamica, a Brazilian plant, shows initial evidence of a new and alternative source of substances of medicinal interest.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antiprotozoários/farmacologia , Lauraceae/química , Óleos Voláteis/química , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/análise , Antibacterianos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Antiprotozoários/química , Brasil , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Humanos , Leishmania/efeitos dos fármacos , Sesquiterpenos Monocíclicos/análise , Folhas de Planta/química , Sesquiterpenos Policíclicos/análise , Sesquiterpenos/análise , Sesquiterpenos/química
13.
Nat Prod Res ; 34(16): 2378-2383, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30499330

RESUMO

In Brazilian folk medicine, Protium heptaphyllum is used to treat inflammatory conditions and to hasten wound repair. This paper aims to investigate the chemical composition and the in vitro antibacterial effects of the essential oils (EOs) obtained from P. heptaphyllum leaves and ripe and unripe fruits against a representative panel of oral pathogens. The GC-FID and GC-MS analysis revealed that the major components determined in P. heptaphyllum essential oils were myrcene (59.0%), ß-elemene (17.2%), limonene (12.9%), spathulenol (12.6%), α-cubebene (11.6%), germacrene D (10.6%), trans-nerolidol (9.8%), and α-cadinol (8.8%). The essential oils of the ripe and unripe fruits showed the strongest antibacterial activity against the anaerobic bacteria Prevotella nigrescens (MIC = 50 µg/mL). The leaf essential oil displayed very promising activity against Streptococcus mutans (MIC = 50 µg/mL) and Streptococcus mitis (MIC = 62.5 µg/mL). The antibacterial activity of EOs against oral pathogens is also described for the first time. [Formula: see text].


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Burseraceae/química , Óleos Voláteis/química , Monoterpenos Acíclicos/análise , Alcenos/análise , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Sesquiterpenos/análise , Sesquiterpenos de Germacrano/análise , Streptococcus mutans/efeitos dos fármacos , Terpenos/análise
14.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-5, 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31549535

RESUMO

Eugenia species have been appreciated for their edible fruits and medicinal properties. This paper aims to investigate the chemical composition and in vitro antileishmanial, antifungal and antiproliferative activities of essential oil from aerial parts of Eugenia pyriformis (EP-EO). The oil showed strong antileishmanial activity against promastigote forms of Leishmania amazonensis (IC50 = 2.16 µg/mL). It also exhibited high antifungal activity against Malassezia furfur (MIC = 30 µg/mL), which was determined by the broth microdilution method. Its antiproliferative activity was evaluated against the following cells: GM07429A (normal cell), MCF-7 (human breast adenocarcinoma), HeLa (human cervical adenocarcinoma) and M059J (human glioblastoma). Its major constituents, which were determined by GC-FID and GC-MS, were limonene (14.8%), nerolidol (11.0%), α-cadinol (10.3%), caryophyllene oxide (9.9%) and ß-pinene (7.1%). These results showed, for the first time, the effectiveness of EP-EO as a natural product which has promising biological activities, a fact that enables its ethnopharmacological use.

15.
ScientificWorldJournal ; 2019: 9423658, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30853865

RESUMO

The species Inga laurina is native to the Brazilian Cerrado. There are no studies about the chemical composition and biological activities of extracts of this endangered species. The ethanolic extract and its successive fractions are rich in phenolic compounds and presented good antifungal activities. HPLC/MS-MS/MS and H1/C13 analysis led to the identification of seventeen compounds, most of which are gallic acid derivatives, myricetin and quercetin glycosides. The ethyl acetate fraction (EAF) contained high levels of total phenolics, expressed in milligrams of gallic acid equivalents per gram of extract (475.3 ± 1.9 mg GAE gextract -1) and flavonoids expressed in milligrams of quercetin equivalents per gram of extract (359.3 ± 10.6 mg QE gextract -1). This fraction was active against fungi of the Candida genus. The EAF showed MIC value 11.7 µg mL-1 against C. glabrata and a selectivity index of 1.6 against Vero cells. The flavonol glycoside myricetin-3-O-rhamnoside was isolated for the first time from the Inga laurina. These results make I. laurina a promising plant as a source of pharmaceutical and biological active antifungal compounds.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Citotoxinas/farmacologia , Fabaceae/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/química , Antifúngicos/isolamento & purificação , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Citotoxinas/química , Citotoxinas/isolamento & purificação , Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação , Fenóis/química , Fenóis/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Folhas de Planta/química , Proantocianidinas/química , Proantocianidinas/isolamento & purificação , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
16.
Nat Prod Res ; 33(17): 2566-2570, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29611435

RESUMO

In this study, the chemical composition and antibacterial and antiproliferative potential of the essential oil obtained from fresh leaves of Psidium myrtoides (PM-EO) against oral pathogens and human tumour cell lines were investigated for the first time. GC-FID and GC-MS analyses showed that trans-ß-caryophyllene (30.9%), α-humulene (15.9%), α-copaene (7.8%), caryophyllene oxide (7.3%) and α-bisabolol (5.3%) are the major constituents of PM-EO. The antibacterial activity of PM-EO against a panel of oral pathogens was investigated in terms of their minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC) using the broth microdilution method. PM-EO displayed moderate activity against Streptococcus mitis (MIC = 100 µg/mL), S. sanguinis (MIC = 100 µg/mL), S. sobrinus (MIC = 250 µg/mL), and S. salivarius (MIC = 250 µg/mL), and strong activity against S. mutans (MIC = 62.5 µg/mL). The antiproliferative activity in normal (GM07492A, lung fibroblasts) and tumour cell lines (MCF-7, HeLa, and M059 J) was performed using the XTT assay. PM-EO showed 50% inhibition of normal cell growth at 359.8 ± 6.3 µg/mL. Antiproliferative activity was observed against human tumour cell lines, with IC50 values significantly lower than that obtained for the normal cell line, demonstrating IC50 values for MCF-7 cells (254.5 ± 1.6 µg/mL), HeLa cells (324.2 ± 41.4 µg/mL) and M059 J cells (289.3 ± 10.9 µg/mL). Therefore, the cytotoxicity of PM-EO had little influence on the antibacterial effect, since it showed antibacterial activity at lower concentrations. Our results suggest that PM-EO is a promising source of new antibacterial and antitumour agents.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Óleos Voláteis/química , Psidium/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Sesquiterpenos Monocíclicos , Myrtaceae/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Sesquiterpenos Policíclicos , Sesquiterpenos/análise
17.
J Pharm Pharmacol ; 70(11): 1541-1552, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30136729

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This work aimed to evaluate the antifungal and cytotoxic activity of the EtOH extract and fractions of Banisteriopsis argyrophylla leaves, and to perform the identification of these bioactive metabolites. METHODS: The EtOAc fraction (EAF) obtained from the ethanolic extract of B. argyrophylla leaves showed better antifungal potential against Candida spp. In this fraction, ten flavonoids have been identified by UHPLC-ESI-MSn . Then, EAF was submitted to column chromatography to give four new fractions (A1-A4). The cytotoxicity was determined against Vero cells. KEY FINDINGS: The EAF showed better antifungal potential against Candida spp. with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) between 31.25 and 93.75 µg/ml. The (-)-catechin (fraction A1) showed a MIC of 2.83 µg/ml against Candida glabrata. Fractions A2, A3 and A4 were rich in quercetins and kaempferols and showed good inhibitory concentrations (5.86-46.87 µg/ml) against C. albicans, C. glabrata and C. tropicalis. CONCLUSIONS: The EtOH extract, fractions and the isolated (-)-catechin showed lower toxicity to Vero cells than cisplatin, used as a positive control. Thus, the leaves of B. argyrophylla are a promising source of antifungal agents.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Banisteriopsis , Candida/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta , Animais , Antifúngicos/isolamento & purificação , Antifúngicos/toxicidade , Banisteriopsis/química , Candida/classificação , Candida/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Chlorocebus aethiops , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/toxicidade , Folhas de Planta/química , Células Vero
18.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 90(2): 1285-1292, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29898096

RESUMO

Tooth decay is a major public health problem which affects a large number of people in several countries. Even though more than 700 bacterial species have been detected in the oral cavity, Streptococcus and Lactobacillus stand out as the genera that cause tooth decay and other periodontal diseases. In this study, essential oils from Citrus aurantifolia leaves (CL-EO) and fruit peel (CP-EO) were obtained by hydrodistillation by a Clevenger-type apparatus whereas their chemical composition was analyzed by gas chromatography-flame ionization detector (GC-FID) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Limonene (77.5 %), linalool (20.1 %), citronellal (14.5 %) and citronellol (14.2 %) were the main constituents found in the essential oils from C. aurantifolia leaves and fruit peel. Antibacterial activity of essential oils was evaluated in terms of its minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values by the broth microdilution method in 96-well microplates. Both CL-EO and CP-EO displayed some activity against all oral pathogens under investigation; MIC values ranged from 20 to 200 µg/mL. CL-EO and CP-EO not only had promising activity against Streptococcus mutans (MIC = 20 µg/mL) and Lactobacillus casei (31.25 µg/mL), but also displayed antibacterial activity against all studied cariogenic bacteria. Efficacy of essential oils against S. mutans and L. casei is noteworthy and should be further investigated.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Citrus/química , Cárie Dentária/tratamento farmacológico , Óleos Voláteis , Extratos Vegetais , Folhas de Planta/química , Streptococcus/efeitos dos fármacos , Monoterpenos Acíclicos , Aldeídos/química , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Cicloexenos/química , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Lactobacillus casei/efeitos dos fármacos , Limoneno , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Monoterpenos/química , Óleos Voláteis/química , Óleos Voláteis/isolamento & purificação , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Terpenos/química
19.
Chem Biodivers ; 15(8): e1800216, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29869833

RESUMO

We evaluated the antimicrobial activity of 25 monoketone curcuminoids (MKCs) against a representative panel of cariogenic bacteria in terms of their minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values. Curcumin A (10) displayed promising activity against Streptococcus mutans (MIC = 50 µg/ml) and Streptococcus mitis (MIC = 50 µg/ml) as well as moderate activity against S. sanguinis (MIC = 100 µg/ml), Lactobacillus casei (MIC = 100 µg/ml), and Streptococcus salivarius (MIC = 200 µg/ml). Results indicated higher activity of compound 10 than that of its bis-ß-diketone analog. Additionally, compounds 3a (1,5-bis(4-methylphenyl)pentan-3-one) and 7b (1,5-bis(4-bromophenyl)pentan-3-ol) were moderately active against S. mitis (MIC = 100 µg/ml) and S. salivarus (MIC = 200 µg/ml).


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Curcumina/farmacologia , Lactobacillus casei/efeitos dos fármacos , Streptococcus/efeitos dos fármacos , Antibacterianos/química , Curcumina/análogos & derivados , Curcumina/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
20.
Front Microbiol ; 9: 201, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29515530

RESUMO

This study evaluates the antibacterial activity of the Copaifera duckei Dwyer oleoresin and two isolated compounds [eperu-8(20)-15,18-dioic acid and polyalthic acid] against bacteria involved in primary endodontic infections and dental caries and assesses the cytotoxic effect of these substances against a normal cell line. MIC and MBC assays pointed out the most promising metabolites for further studies on bactericidal kinetics, antibiofilm activity, and synergistic antibacterial action. The oleoresin and polyalthic acid but not eperu-8(20)-15,18-dioic provided encouraging MIC and MBC results at concentrations lower than 100 µg mL-1. The oleoresin and polyalthic acid activities depended on the evaluated strain. A bactericidal effect on Lactobacillus casei (ATCC 11578 and clinical isolate) emerged before 8 h of incubation. For all the tested bacteria, the oleoresin and polyalthic acid inhibited biofilm formation by at least 50%. The oleoresin and polyalthic acid gave the best activity against Actinomyces naeslundii (ATCC 19039) and L. casei (ATCC 11578), respectively. The synergistic assays combining the oleoresin or polyalthic acid with chlorhexidine did not afford interesting results. We examined the cytotoxicity of C. duckei oleoresin, eperu-8(20)-15,18-dioic acid, and polyalthic acid against Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts. The oleoresin and polyalthic acid were cytotoxic at concentrations above 78.1 µg mL-1, whereas eperu-8(20)-15,18-dioic displayed cytotoxicity at concentrations above 312.5 µg mL-1. In conclusion, the oleoresin and polyalthic acid are potential sources of antibacterial agents against bacteria involved in primary endodontic infections and dental caries in both the sessile and the planktonic modes at concentrations that do not cause cytotoxicity.

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