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1.
J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract ; 8(1): 273-282, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31377437

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rituximab (RTX; anti-CD20 mAb) is a treatment option in children with refractory immune thrombocytopenia, autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AHA), and Evans syndrome (ES). Prevalence and clinical course of RTX-induced hypogammaglobulinemia in these patients are poorly known. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and risk factors for persistent hypogammaglobulinemia (PH) after RTX use. METHODS: Clinical and immunologic data from children treated with RTX for immune thrombocytopenia, AHA, and ES were collected from 16 Italian centers and 1 UK center at pre-RTX time point (0), +6 months, and yearly, up to 4 years post-RTX. Patients with previously diagnosed malignancy or primary immune deficiency (PID) were excluded. RESULTS: We analyzed 53 children treated with RTX for immune thrombocytopenia (n = 36), AHA (n = 13), and ES (n = 4). Median follow-up was 30 months (range, 12-48). Thirty-two percent of patients (17 of 53) experienced PH, defined as IgG levels less than 2 SD for age at last follow-up (>12 months after RTX). Significantly delayed B-cell recovery was observed in children experiencing PH (hazard ratio, 0.55; P < .05), and 6 of 17 (35%) patients had unresolved B-cell lymphopenia at last follow-up. PH was associated with IgA and IgM deficiency, younger age at RTX use (51 vs 116 months; P < .01), a diagnosis of AHA/ES, and better response to RTX. Nine patients with PH (9 of 17 [53%]) were eventually diagnosed with a PID. CONCLUSIONS: Post-RTX PH is a frequent condition in children with autoimmune cytopenia; a sizable proportion of patients with post-RTX PH were eventually diagnosed with a PID. In-depth investigation for PID is therefore recommended in these patients.

2.
Am J Hematol ; 94(2): 216-222, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30456824

RESUMO

Autoimmune neutropenia of infancy (AIN) is characterized by low risk of severe infection, tendency to spontaneously resolve and typically onset at ≤4-5 years of age; it is due to auto-antibodies whose detection is often difficult. In case of negativity of 4 antineutrophils autoantibody tests, after having excluded ethnic, postinfection, drug induced, or congenital neutropenia, according to the Italian guidelines the patients will be defined as affected by "idiopathic neutropenia" (IN). We describe the characteristics of 85 IN patients enrolled in the Italian neutropenia registry: they were compared with 336 children affected by AIN. The 2 groups were clinically very similar and the main differences were detection age (later in IN), length of disease (longer in IN) and, among recovered patients, age of spontaneous recovery: the median age at resolution was 2.13 years in AINs and 3.03 years in INs (P = .00002). At bivariate analysis among AIN patients earlier detection age (P = .00013), male sex (P = .000748), absence of leucopenia (P = .0045), and absence of monocytosis (P = .0419) were significantly associated with earlier recovery; in the IN group only detection age (P = .013) and absence of monocytosis (P = .0333) were significant. At multivariate analysis detection age and absence of monocytosis were independently significant (P = 6.7e-05 and 4.4e-03, respectively) in the AIN group, whereas in the IN group only detection age stayed significant (P = .013).


Assuntos
Neutropenia/congênito , Fatores Etários , Autoimunidade , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Itália , Leucopenia , Masculino , Neutropenia/diagnóstico , Neutropenia/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
5.
Pediatr Infect Dis J ; 32(4): 410-2, 2013 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23249920

RESUMO

We describe the incidence and characteristics of infections in children with severe congenital neutropenia (SCN), autoimmune neutropenia (AN) and idiopathic neutropenia (IN). Data extracted from the Italian Neutropenia Registry on 73 patients with 108 episodes of infections were collected from 2000 to 2009. All SCN patients with SCN and one third of AN and IN experienced at least 1 infectious episode, equating to 5.7 infections/patient in SCN and approximately 0.6 in AN and IN. The rate of infections before diagnosis of neutropenia was 6.35/1000 patient-days at risk in SCN, 0.48 in AN and 0.71 in IN (P < 0.001) and significantly decreased after diagnosis. Skin and subcutaneous abscesses and cellulitis were the most frequent types of infection encountered, followed by pneumonia. Infections are an important clinical issue in the management of neutropenic patients, even in those considered at lower risk.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Neutropenia/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino
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